Baptism, either literally or figuratively.
A common sacrament among strains of Christianity is baptism, where a person is either immersed or washed in water as part of their initiation into the Church. The person is thus washed "clean" of their past sins, and is ready to begin a new life as a Christian. Some sects, most prominently the Baptists, view baptism itself as symbolic; not a ritual to "wash off" sin with holy water, but a picture of and public identification with Jesus's death, burial, and resurrection through which the actual forgiveness has already taken place.
In fiction, "symbolic" baptism can be a sign of Character Development, where swimming or watery immersion marks a major turning point in the characters' life. Most commonly, it marks the point where the character begins to let go of the past, or is initiated into a new phase of their life. Sometimes such scenes are a Near-Death Experience with the character almost drowning, reinforcing the notion of spiritual rebirth.
- Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children ends with a heroic character creating a pool of water beyond the grave. This mysterious pool cures Geostigma, a disease born of the villain's hatred, of anyone who steps in the pool.
- Sistine Chapel: “The Baptism of Christ” centers around John the Baptist pouring water over Christ at the beginning of his ministry. To the left of the baptism is John the Baptist preaching to the crowd and to the right of the baptism is Jesus preaching to a different crowd, marking the transition from the era of the old covenant to the era of Christ's universal covenant.
- Book 5, Chapter 0, of Princeless features main character Adrienne and sidekick Bedelia having fun in a lake and swimming around. As they play, Adri talks about her experiences with her hair and how she was insecure about it and how it hindered her. She convinces herself to cut it all off and feels much better about herself and her journey.
- In the Empath: The Luckiest Smurf story "The Innocence Of A Smurf", Empath goes through a baptism in the Pool of Souls as a young Smurf to be initiated as a member of the Smurfs, with Tapper acting in the role of John the Baptist. The annual ritual of swimming across the Pool of Souls during Redemption Day to test one's innocence results in Empath dying in that story's particular instance for taking the life of a Psyche during a training fight, only to be resurrected as the spirits of the Pool judge him worthy of a second chance at life.
- Three Hundred Rise Of An Emperor: Xerxes seals his Deal with the Devil by immersing himself in a natural pool within a Mystical Cave, emerging physically and mentally transformed into a mad God-Emperor.
- Pentecostal preacher Sonny Dewey from The Apostle 1997 flees Texas after cracking the head of his wife's lover with a bat. While a fugitive in Louisiana, Dewey takes a new identity as "the Apostle E.F." during a self-baptism in a local river.
- In Besties, Nedjma's romance with Zina (and self-discovery as a lesbian) starts after Zina throws her in a canal and helps her getting out of it.
- Beyond the Black Rainbow contains a sinister example. After ingesting LSD, Barry immerses himself in a pool of black liquid, experiences awe-inspiring and terrifying visions, and emerges from the liquid a new, evil man.
- The Blacksheep Affair: Keizo Mishima, the Big Bad of the movie, is a Terrorist without a Cause and a demented follower of Christ who commits murders, public shootings, executions and various atrocities in the name of Jesus, even praising Jesus when learning of the chaos and aftermath of his attacks. His death involves him being kicked in the neck by The Hero and tackled off a tall balcony, where he falls through one glass panel after another, for three stories before landing in an underground pool of water to his death.
- Daybreakers: A vampire can be turned back into a human by being exposed to sunlight while fully immersed in water to keep from burning up.
- Dogma: Bethany, having just learned that she is the descendant of Jesus Christ, takes of running in a blind panic, falling in a creek and flailing about helplessly in the water as she screams at the heavens demanding to know why she has to carry this burden. The Metatron soon arrives to calm her down, agree with her that it is horribly unfair to her, just as it was for Jesus to learn he was the son of the Almighty, and convincing her to continue her mission.
- Forrest Gump: Lt. Dan swimming in the ocean after a hurricane almost destroys his and Gump's shrimp boat, where he comes to terms with his PTSD. Forrest believes that's the moment where "he made his peace with God."
- Gattaca: The protagonist competes routinely with his genetically superior younger brother in swimming races out to the furthest possible point. A pivotal moment in his childhood and resolving to lie about his genetic status comes when he finally wins a race against his brother, proving that he could do anything he set his mind too, genetics be damned. When the stunt is repeated late in life and he once again triumphs, he reveals his secrete to success with his brother He never planned to make the return trip and was determined to swim out as far as he could, return trip be damned. He was counting on his brother calculating for the return trip.
- Gravity ends with Dr. Stone unsteadily walking out of a lake: a literal return to life on Earth after a grueling trial to escape death on a space mission gone wrong.
- Hacksaw Ridge: When Desmond returns from the Ridge after having spent a long time treating and rescuing wounded soldiers after everyone else had been ordered to retreat, the other soldiers give him a good dousing with water to wash off all the blood and dirt. Not only does it mark the end of his first day in an actual combat zone, it also marks the point when he finally earns the respect of the comrades who had previously been disdainful of the pacifistic conscientious objector (especially since clean water for bathing was in short supply on World War II Okinawa).
- Justice League: Superman's resurrection via a Mother Box involves immersing him in water (or rather, the Kryptonian Ship's genesis chamber's amniotic-like liquid).
- Life as a House: At the beginning of the film, when Sam is resistant to George, George jumps off a cliff into the ocean and asks Sam to join him, prompting Sam to say "Are you totally insane?" Later, as a terminally ill George is in the hospital, Sam takes the jump himself.
- Marvel Cinematic Universe:
- Captain America: The Winter Soldier: Bucky/The Winter Soldier dives into the Potomac and rescue an unconscious Steve, explicitly disobeying HYDRA (who ordered him to kill Steve) for the first time onscreen. When we next see him he's visiting the Howling Commando's exhibit, seemingly on the way to reclaiming his life.
- Doctor Strange (2016): The car crash which damages Stephen's hands (and consequently sets him off his Character Development) ends with the car backflipping into the water.
- The Matrix: When Neo is first unplugged from the Matrix, he wakes up in womb-like a pod filled with a reddish liquid which drains and flushes him into the hands of his allies. This is his first experience in actual reality.
- Moonlight (2016): Juan taking Chiron into the ocean to teach him how to swim, marking the moment when Chiron learns how to become self-reliant. Director Barry Jenkins even described it as "a baptism".
- Played for Laughs in O Brother, Where Art Thou? when the escaped convicts Pete and Delmar stumble onto a group baptism in a river and jump at the chance to start over with a clean slate... which mostly means doing exactly what they were before. They're also a bit confused to hear that it doesn't actually do anything for their criminal records.
Delmar: But they was witnesses that seen us redeemed.
Everett: Even if it did put you square with the Lord, the state of Mississippi's a little more hard-nosed.
- Spider-Man 3: After freeing himself from the symbiote at the church, Peter takes a long hot shower, marking that he's let go of the symbiote and all the negativity it represented.
- The Truman Show: Water plays a huge role in the film, marking Truman's conflicting fear of and desire for freedom. It's only by passing through the ocean and storm that he ultimately escapes the show.
- The Godfather: While Michael Corleone is standing as godfather to his nephew Michael Rizzi, he's got his soldiers performing a coordinated hit against the heads of the rival Five Families. While his nephew is being sincerely baptized by the Church, Michael is being baptized symbolically in the blood of his family's enemies as a Mafia don.
- It: Chapter Two: The first thing the Losers do after killing IT for good is going to the quarry and jumping into the river below, to clean themselves literally and spiritually.
- Blade II: After being betrayed, tortured and staked multiple times (just to make the symbolism complete), Blade plunges into a pool of blood, and emerges reinvigorated and empowered.
- The Divine Comedy:
- At the foot of Mount Purgatory, Dante bathes himself in the water of Lethe, the Greek river believed to erase memories, to wash away the grime of Hell. Without that stain, Dante can start to ascend towards the heavens.
- At the peak of Mount Purgatory, Dante is again bathed in the water of Lethe, apparently not having fully let go of his memory of evil. After this, Dante is bathed in the waters of Eunoe to prepare himself to enter Heaven, but Purgatorio has to skip over this event to fit into the poem's rigid structure.
- The NeverEnding Story: The only way to restore Bastian's humanity is The Water of Life, an enormous fountain from which he emerges naked and reborn.
- A Song of Ice and Fire: Theon's uncle Aeron goes from a hedonistic party animal to a grim priest after almost drowning.
- Star Wars: From a Certain Point of View implies that Luke being attacked by the Dianoga was meant to be this, forcing him to face near-certain death with only his friends to help him, with the Dianoga only doing the Force's will.
- The Voyage of the Dawn Treader contains an example which is a combination of this and Literal Transformative Experience. Eustace starts out as a bigoted, selfish Spoiled Brat who manages to self-transform into a dragon. While transformed he comes to realize that he's The Load to his traveling companions and to regret his bad behaviour. When the local deity restores Eustace to human form by granting him a bath in their Healing Spring, he begins to take a level in kindness.
- In an episode of 21 Jump Street, when a pastor's son touches a fellow female student of a Bible study group that he is attracted to, he ends up going into a river to frantically wash himself from that "sin" he committed by repeated baptism.
- In The Mandalorian episode 3x03 "The Mines of Mandalore", Bo-katan Kryze begins the episode as she was previously, cynical and sardonic after her followers lost faith in her, and never really believing in the spirit of the Mandalorian Creed due to seeing how it was useful to her royal family in keeping the subjects in line when they were still in power. After Din gets abruptly dragged under by something during his more literal re-baptism in the Living Waters under the titular Mines, done in penance for a transgression under his highly strict following of the Creed. Bo-katan dives in after him almost reflexively. On her way up after finding him, she comes face-to-face with... a Mythosaur, a legendary giant creature said to live in the Living Waters in Mandalorian fable she didn't believe existed, the skull of which is the national Mandalorian crest. Upon returning to the surface, we can tell she is visibly shaken by what she just saw even though she hadn't removed her helmet by the time the episode ended.
- Randy Travis has two songs about this:
- The Kenny Chesney duet "Baptism" (also titled "Down with the Old Man (Up with the New)" is the narrator's first-person redemption tale about being baptized in the river. The lyrics reference various gospel songs and the feeling of redemption.
- In "Pray for the Fish", this is Played for Laughs. Eddie Lee Vaughan is scoffed by onlookers simply because of his sinful past, leading others to joke that they should "pray for the fish" who are now swimming in all the sin that has washed off of him. A lightning storm occurs right as he is baptized, indicating that Vaughan made the right choice.
- Brantley Gilbert's "Three Feet of Water" is about baptism. Co-writer Cledus T. Judd (yes, the parodist) wrote the song about his own real-life baptism.
- The Four Gospels
- The Trope Codifier is the baptism of Jesus, where the Messiah agrees to be submerged in water not to begin his own rebirth (he was cool with the whole perfect God thing), but to mark the redemption of all of mankind. This ritual would go on to mark the beginning of Christian life for converts mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles and others that appeared in the two millennia after's Acts was written.
- Near the end of the Gospel of John, there's an account of Jesus washing the discliples' feet that borders on this. They're embarrassed to death about itnote and protest; yet are answered along the lines of: "you don't quite understand what I'm doing for you now, but you will later [...] if I don't wash you, then you won't partake in me". Storywise this coincides with a point of Character Development: from people who come off in the Gospels as having much to learn, to the fully developed characters (and teachers in their own right) of later texts.
- Baptism is one version of a larger, cross-cultural category of purification rituals that involve literal bathing in water.
- Baptism was derived from an older Jewish tradition of mikveh.
- Islam has derived similar from both of the above two things, calling it ghusl.
- Hinduism has rites around bathing in holy rivers like the Ganges.
- Shinto's washing rite is called misogi, and involves sacred waterfalls.
- BioShock begins with the protagonist Jack being the only survivor of a plane crash into the ocean, then swimming up to the lighthouse. He then takes the bathysphere down to Rapture, where he learns the truth about his birth/creation, and where his decisions to save or harvest the Little Sisters ultimately determine the kind of person he becomes when he returns to the surface.
- Bioshock Infinite: Motif throughout the game.
- When Booker enters the lighthouse he can examine and dismiss a wash basin, foreshadowing the plot twist regarding Booker's decision to reject the baptism and live with his sins.
- Zachary Comstock's baptism after partaking in the Wounded Knee Massacre marks his Start of Darkness as he reforms into a radical with murderous zeal. After The Reveal that protagonist Booker DeWitt is Comstock from an alternate universe who wasn't baptized, Elizabeth decides to prevent Comstock from being "born" and drown all possible versions of him at his baptism.
- Divinity: Original Sin II: The ultimate prize for Godwoken like the Player Party is to enter the Wellspring and ascend to Divinity. It's because the Wellspring turns out to be a vast pool of liquid Soul Power rather than water.
- In The Stinger of Final Fantasy X Tidus, after fading away during the ending, is more or less literally reborn underwater.
- Fallout: New Vegas: Joshua Graham in Honest Hearts sees his immolation as a second baptism.
"I have been baptized twice. Once in water. Once by flame."
- Kingdom Hearts begins with Sora falling deep into the ocean. While the ambiguously underwater setting is mainly a tutorial session, it also marks when Sora is first made aware of his destiny as a Keyblade master.
- In the opening of Life Is Strange, Max excuses herself to the ladies room to splash water on her face. She then promptly acquires her Time Master powers (which make up the main game mechanic). At the end of the game this moment is what she jumps back to, if the player chooses to sacrifice Chloe and Cosmic Retcon away the entire game's events.
- During the fifth season of Samurai Jack, Ashi, as part of her Heel–Face Turn, jumps into a lake to scrub the black ash covering her body and fashions a new outfit out of weeds.
- Star Wars Resistance: In the penultimate episode of season 1, Yeager shoves Kaz into the ocean to cover his escape, getting captured in the meanwhile. Losing the last authority figure in his life completes Kaz's arc of learning to stand on his own, and by the time he gets out, he's ready to lead the others in taking back the Colossus.
- In She-Ra and the Princesses of Power, Horde Prime performs a second mind wipe on Hordak in the form of a "baptism" in season 5. Hordak walks into a pool of clone life force as the other clones chant. ("CAST OUT THE SHADOWS! CAST OUT THE SHADOWS! ALL BEINGS MUST SUFFER TO BECOME PURE!") Screaming, Hordak is engulfed in green gas, after which his eyes turn white and Horde Prime proclaims him "pure". Fortunately, the mind wipe is not permanent, and Hordak later regains his memories.
- In the second act of Arcane, Silco describes his attempted drowning by Vander as one in hindsight, resulting in the death of his old self and his rebirth. He then gives Jinx her own much gentler baptism while explaining that she needs to let her old "Powder" persona go.