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Marlene Griggs-Knope (Pamela Reed)Leslie's mother and "a big mucky-muck in the county school system". Has shades of Meddling Parent and 'Well Done, Daughter' Girl. Leslie's father has been dead since she was ten years old, which was first implied in a throwaway line explaining that 'he lives in Florida, in a cemetery' and later made explicit in the fifth season. "Galentine's Day" states she was born on March 5, 1953, the same day that Joseph Stalin died.
- Iron Lady: She's a big deal in Pawnee politics, and wheels and deals with the best of them. Her daughter even compares her to Margaret Thatcher. Ron Swanson says her affectionate nickname around town (started by him) is "The Iron Cock-Shredder of Pawnee" (bleeped in broadcast and script, but improvised on the spot by Nick Offerman).
- It Runs in the Family: Later on, once she was retooled more into a Hypercompetent Sidekick, it's clear Leslie's inherited Marlene's savvy and intelligence.
- Nepotism: Early on, it seemed like a large part of Leslie's success was because of her mother. She specifically mentions getting the job at Parks because of Marlene.
- Out of Focus: After Season 3, she gets a cameo at best.
Tamara "Tammy" Swanson (Paula Pell)Ron's mother, aka "Tammy Zero". Even more reclusive than her son, and a gun nut.
- Apron Matron: To an extent.
- The Dreaded: Prompts an Oh, Crap! reaction from Tammy One, who is herself The Dreaded for Ron and Tammy Two.
- Gun Nut: Has a whole room filled with nothing but guns.
- Godzilla Threshold: Leslie recruits Tamara to save Ron from Tammy One, after he becomes a Henpecked Husband due to her influence.
- It Runs in the Family: Seeing her, it's easy to see where Ron and the other Swanson men get their badassery from.
Tammy Swanson "One" (Patricia Clarkson)Ron's first wife. Makes her first appearance as the back of a head in the Season 3 finale, which is enough for Tammy Two and Ron to drop everything and head for the hills. She works for the IRS. Her influence can turn Ron into a dorky, pro-government Henpecked Husband.
- Always a Bigger Fish: Tammy Two barely qualifies as a pest when compared to her.
- Ambiguously Human: Ron treats her as if she is a literal demon from Hell and she has a supernatural-like intimidating aura about her. She is at least 20 years older than Ron yet fully intends to outlive him and be present at the minute of his death. She also has no trouble drinking the Swanson family alcohol (so strong its only legal application is stripping marine varnish) and dismisses it as "watered down baby formula".
- Control Freak: Her defining characteristic. She shows up at the office and immediately orders everyone around (and is obeyed almost instantly). Her Evil Plan involves a fake audit against Ron which becomes an excuse to take control of his finances and move back in with him, taking complete control of his entire life including deciding whether or not he can go to lunch, and in the past when Tammy Two stole Ron from her, she responded by pouring acid on her foot.
- The Dreaded: Her mere presence is enough to provoke Tammy Two and Ron to drop everything and flee.
- Eviler Than Thou: Tammy Two knows better than to even bother trying to compete with her, and immediately flees Pawnee upon learning that she's around.
- Gold Digger: A literal example - she's trying to find Ron's hidden stash of gold.
- The Ghost: She doesn't appear until long after she was first mentioned, but her presence can be felt throughout the series nonetheless.
- Greater-Scope Villain: Considering she basically raised Ron, she's responsible for shaping most of his character, flaws and all.
- Intimidating Revenue Service: Her employers, although she admits that the audit is actually fake and jus an excuse to get close to Ron again.
- Iron Lady: An unflappable, unstoppable and emotionless woman who is feared by everyone, and the only person capable of truly breaking Ron Swanson.
- Knight of Cerebus: Seen as genuinely terrifying by every character, and has very few jokes of her own.
- MayDecember Romance: She was Ron's nurse when he was born.
- No-Nonsense Nemesis: Doesn't play any games, and is incredibly efficient and thorough about getting what she wants out of others.
- Skip to the End: Inverted. It took Ron two hours to get through his wedding vows at the altar with her, although the reason had nothing do with her - Ron just disliked being told what to do so much that after the priest said "repeat after me" he fell silent and kept everyone waiting.
- Teacher/Student Romance: She was also Ron's (and Tammy Two's) Sunday school teacher.
- The Stoic: Very cold and emotionless. As a result, April comes to admire her.
- Wife Husbandry: Strongly implied. No one in town tried to stop her because they were all scared of her.
Tammy Swanson "Two" (Megan Mullally)
The second of Ron's evil ex-wives. Not only is she also named Tammy, so is Ron's mother. This Tammy is a Vampy Manipulative Bitch and the deputy director of the Library Department, the Sitcom Arch-Nemesis of the Parks Department. Her influence can turn Ron into a pliable sex freak.
- Depraved Bisexual: At one point, she gets into a wrestling match with Leslie and gets incredibly turned on.
- Evil Counterpart: To Leslie.
- Evil Laugh: The character gets a lot of mileage out of Mullally's signature cackle.
- Four Eyes, Zero Soul: She does wear glasses, and she is evil.
- I Have Boobs, You Must Obey!: Employs this frequently.
- Jerkass: A horrible person all around.
- Ms. Fanservice: Has no problem showing off her body, though her personality is so horrible that it borders on Fan Disservice despite her good looks.
- Naked People Are Funny: She strips naked in public often.
- Official Couple: Ron sets her up with Jeremy Jamm to get her off his back. In "Ron and Jammy", they break up after Leslie sees what Tammy has done to Jamm, namely tried to turn him into Ron.
- Phrase Catcher: Ron usually reacts to her (off-screen) presence in this almost primordially-instinctive fashion:Ron: [Stands up, an alarmed and hunted expression on his face] She's here, isn't she.
- Sadist: She enjoys giving (and receiving) pain during sex, but she is also just a straight up bully who cackles while picking on those weaker than herself, best exemplified when she brutally beats up Tom in the library, reminding Ron again of why he broke up with her in the first place.
- Sitcom Archnemesis: To Ron, Leslie and Diane.
- The Vamp: Uses her feminine wiles to get what she wants.
- Villain Decay: Once Ron falls for Diane, he is completely immune to Tammy's charms and views her with annoyed contempt.
Diane Elizabeth Lewis (Lucy Lawless)Ron's girlfriend in season five. She is a middle-school vice principal with two young daughters named Ivy (Rylan Lee) and Zoey (Sadie Salazar). According to Leslie and Ron himself, she is perfect for Ron. They are married at the start of Season 6.
- Absentee Actor: Doesn't appear in season 7 at all. There's plenty of dialogue reminding viewers that she exists and is still Happily Married to Ron, however.
- Birds of a Feather: With Ron.
- Happily Married: To Ron as of Season 6.
- Ooh, Me Accent's Slipping: Lucy Lawless does a decent American accent, but sometimes those Kiwi vowels sneak in.
- Troll: When she married Ron, she stated her middle name was Tammy just to screw with him, before revealing it's actually Elizabeth.
- Out of Focus: While it's confirmed by some dialogue that she and Ron are still married, Diane doesn't show up in the final season. Especially noticeable because Ron makes some important life decisions and their relationship was always portrayed as healthy enough for them to make those sorts of choices together.
- The Stoic: She's not emotionless, but is overall cool-headed and reasonable, which makes her deal well with Ron's quirks.
- What the Hell, Hero?: Twice towards Ron.
- When Ron misguidedly breaks one of her daughters' tiaras in two so they can share.
- When Ron tries to get off the grid, she gives him a gentle one of these, pointing out that while she's okay with his privacy, he needs to be available to his family.
Wendy Haverford (Jama Williamson)Tom's wife at the start of the series. She is Canadian and married him to stay in the country, resulting in the Irony of an interracial Citizenship Marriage where it's the white partner who is trying to avoid being deported from America. They split up during the second season, in an episode appropriately titled "Tom's Divorce". Ron dated her for a while before she moved back to Canada near the start of the third season.
- Brainy Brunette: Is a surgeon.
- Oblivious to Love: Was entirely unaware Tom had feelings for her at first.
- Put on a Bus: In "Ron and Tammy 2", she goes back to Canada, specifically her hometown of Ottawa, to help her parents out.
- Ugly Guy, Hot Wife: Not that Tom is genuinely ugly, but this is the reaction of most people when they see them together.
Gayle Gergich (Christie Brinkley)Garry's loving and unreasonably hot wife.
- Alliterative Name: Gayle Gergich.
- Birds of a Feather: Ugly Guy, Hot Wife dynamic aside, she and Garry share the same sweet, humble disposition, and hold similar values and interests.
- Characterization Marches On: In earlier episodes before she appeared, "Jerry" often implied that he felt his masculinity smothered by his wife and enjoyed time away from her. Once she appears, she's shown to be an impossibly gorgeous, kind, loving, and doting wife, and she and Garry are Happily Married.
- Gosh Dang It to Heck!: If she gets very angry with Garry, she'll call him the B-word: Bozo.
- Good People Have Good Sex: Implied, given how Happily Married she and Garry are, and how... well-endowed he is.
- Happily Married: No one understands why, but she's incredibly happy with Garry.
- Nice Girl: Much like her husband, Gayle doesn't appear to have a mean bone in her body.
- Older Than They Look: Justified example, as Christie Brinkley really is in her 60s. This is taken to absurd lengths in the Distant Finale, where, in a scene where she would have to be in her mid-90s at least, she looks exactly the same.
- Phrase Catcher: "And Gayle looks amazing!"
- Silver Vixen: Played for laughs in the Distant Finale, when she looks exactly as she does in the present day, despite the fact she should be in her nineties.
- Single Woman Seeks Good Man: Possibly the basis of her and Garry's marriage. He's not much of a looker, but he's a ridiculously sweet guy and loving father, and Gayle genuinely adores him.
- Ugly Guy, Hot Wife: Ben is especially flabbergasted by the Gergich's relationship, but no one can understand it.Chris: I've thought a lot about it, there is no logical explanation.
Millicent Gergich (Sarah Wright)Garry's oldest daughter. She's an athletic sort and dates Chris for some time.
- Birds of a Feather: She likes guys who share similar interests as her.
- Daddy's Girl: Other than her seeming obliviousness to her father's discomfort with her dating Chris (who is technically his boss, and had a bad tendency to go into Too Much Information territory regarding their relationship), she's close to Garry and adores him very much.
- Has a Type: Chris and her later fiance Carl are both handsome and chiseled athletic types.
- Passionate Sports Girl: Can outrun Chris in a jog, and served as a camp counselor at a teen sport camp (where she met her fiance).
- The Ugly Guy's Hot Daughter: She and her two sisters are incredibly beautiful.
Joe (Keegan-Michael Key)A teacher whom Donna begins dating in the sixth season. They get married in season 7's aptly-titled "Donna & Joe".
Lucy (Natalie Morales)A bartender Tom dates Season 2. They reconnect in season 7, getting engaged in the penultimate episode and are implied to be married in the Distant Finale.
- Birds of a Feather: With Tom.
- Deadpan Snarker: It's how she puts up with Tom.
- Establishing Character Moment: When she first appears, it's as a bartender at the Snakehole Lounge while Tom is settling his bill, showing how snarky she is and how well she can read Tom, but also why they click so well:Lucy: Ten Cosmos, eight Smirnoff Ices, and everything else starts with the word "pomegranate". Aw, was it your bachelorette party?Tom: No, I invited a bunch of girls here last night, and they all put drinks on my tab. And then I went home alone. I'm not sure what happened.Lucy: You invited a bunch of girls here and tried to hit on all of 'em.Tom: Fair enough.Lucy: I mean, what were you expecting was going to happen, a 43-way?Tom: (chuckling) That would have been a little out of control.Lucy: But awesome.Tom: Yeah. The problem is I only have fifteen penises, so there would have been twenty-eight girls that were really upset with me. (both laugh)
- Nice Girl: She's a sweet and friendly person.
- Only One Name: Her last name is never revealed although given the events of the finale, it might be Haverford now.
- Token Minority Couple: With Indian Tom.
- Weakness Turns Her On: She states that she enjoys how easy it is to throw Tom around.
- Women Are Wiser: She and Tom have similar interests and senses of humor, but she's much more levelheaded than him, especially before he undergoes some Character Development.
The LudgatesApril's family, consisting of father Larry, mother Rita, and sister Natalie.
- Alliterative Name: Larry Ludgate.
- Emotionless Girl: Natalie is just as snarky as April and as much of a troll.
- Fangirl: Rita owns all of Duke Silver's albums (although curiously, while her daughter recognized Ron was Duke as soon as she met him, Rita herself didn't see it).
- Good Parents: While we don't see much of them, Larry and Rita do come across as loving and sweet.
- The Glorious War of Sisterly Rivalry: April and Natalie frequently pull pranks on each other.
- Open Minded Parents: A deleted scene from "April and Andy's Fancy Party" shows that Larry and Rita are completely okay with April marrying Andy so soon after she began dating him. Apparently, it helps that Andy's actually straight unlike Derek, and isn't a weirdo like Orin.
- Wacky Parent, Serious Child: Larry and Rita are very peppy compared to their sarcastic daughters.
The MeaglesDonna's family, the most passive-aggressive group of people that ever lived. Includes Donna's brothers, George and LeVondrias, and her cousin, the singer Ginuwine.
- Dysfunctional Family: To the point that no more than three Meagles are allowed on an international flight together. During Donna's wedding, April's job is to stop the family from causing any trouble. She ends up rounding up all the "troublemakers" in the kitchen and putting the fear of God into them. (And making Ginuwine cry in the process.)
- Passive-Aggressive Kombat: All the time.