Yuri Genre

aka: Girls Love
Since homosexual males are called "gay," homosexual females should be called "ecstatic".

"Yuri is a blessed thing. The refined and subtle actions, the warmth, of a world where only girls reside...yet also the pain of interpersonal politics and selfish intrigue. And finally, those strong emotional bonds before which no hardship is an insurmountable obstacle. Verily, a finely-honed mental and spiritual realm for transcending the crude conceptions of the male mind!"
Hanadera Keisuke, Yuri Danshi

Yuri is the Japanese word for "lily", and also refers to a sapphic romance genre in Japanese media. It can focus either on the sexual or emotional aspects of the relationship. Occasionally, some fans will use the term shoujo-ai ("girl's love") to distinguish the less explicit works that focus on romance and/or emotions between the characters. Note however that in Japan, shoujo-ai refers to liking little girls.

Yuri is a genre (or a collection of overlapping genres) distinguished by the use of a set of common tropes and stereotypes. The term "yuri" is sufficiently strongly associated with those tropes and stereotypes that some Japanese lesbian manga fans use a different term, like "bian" (short for lesbian), "Onna x Onna" ("women x women"), or "Onna-doushi" ("women together") for works which are actually by/for lesbian women. Yuri is often an idealized and unrealistic portrayal of lesbian relationships, and is not representative of actual LGBTQ+note  culture and people due to its Fluff content.

In Japan, yuri is also known as "Girls' Love" (in English), or GL, a term created in common with the male version, "Boys' Love" or BL.

See this short glossary of yuri terms, as well as Matt Thorn's "What Japanese Girls Do With Manga, and Why" essay and the Wikipedia's "Yuri Genre" page, for a bit more context.

There are a few different types of yuri, depending in part on the target audience:

  • Yuri for men, "seinen yuri", tends to emphasize sweetness, femininity, girlishness, innocence, purity, and Moe generally. It usually has a very romanticized view of what it's like to be a teenage girl. This is in contrast to the standard Girl-on-Girl Is Hot scenarios (lustful women making out with each other for the viewer's delectation, often mixed with heterosexual content in fanservice-driven shows) which are usually not considered yuri. Men's yuri typically fetishizes femininity and youthfulness and rarely focuses on long-standing relationships or adult characters, much less LGBTQ culture and social issues.
  • Yuri for girls, "shoujo yuri", may also be hyperfeminine and "pure" but can feature some degree of genderbending or crossdressing, with the bifauxnen in a more traditionally male role. In either case, it's usually focused on fantasies of female solidarity, idealized femininity and gender transgression, not with lesbian identity, culture or actual life in Japan. Here's an academic essay that discusses the history and looks at some modern stories (warning: one of the images near the end is NSFW)
  • Yuri for adult women, "josei yuri", is usually less stereotyped and fairly realistic, like most fiction aimed at adults. Yuri for lesbians is the most likely to be realistic, and to deal with LGBTQ culture and social issues, but is a very small portion of all yuri produced. As previously noted, some readers use a separate term for "yuri by/for lesbians" to distinguish it from the more common types.
  • In The New Tens, a new type of yuri has been gaining foothold in Japan: "background yuri". These mangas portray female protagonists (usually Action Girls) in lasting lesbian relationships, without actually being about these relationships. Although essentially the same as a traditional Romance Arc in non-romantic fiction, such mangas are classified as yuri in addition to whatever genres they primarily belong to.

In the past, a disproportionate amount of yuri stories have ended tragically or inconclusively, but this is changing as more fictional couples are allowed to have happy, committed, and canon endings.

In yuri, you'll most likely find relationships that play on Tomboy and Girly Girl or Sempai Kouhai dynamics. The first usually emulates a heterosexual couple, while the latter emphasises the difference in maturity between the girls. Teacher/Student Romance is also found, but less commonly than the other two.

This is the genre; couple-specific examples should only be listed below if they're the focus of the series. For yuri-style couples (and unrequited crushes) in other genres, see Token Yuri Girls. Note also that Romantic Two-Girl Friendship (that is, when the yuri relationship doesn't last and the girls involved end up with boys) is a completely different trope. Also see: Slash Fic, Everyone Is Gay, and Schoolgirl Lesbians.

The Spear Counterpart of this genre are: Yaoi (the explicit version of BL) or Shounen-ai/Shonen-ai (the pg-13 version) both targeted towards women, and the Bara Genre, which is targeted towards gay men.

See also our guide on how to Write a Yuri Manga.

Subtopes associated with the Yuri genre

This is an East Asian-only genre. Please limit examples to East Asian and Animesque media only.

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    Prolific Creators 
  • Go Nagai. While not known mainly for it, has proven himself partial to yuri.
  • Natsuneko. Has only written one-shots so far (see full list on her page).
  • Kaoru Sudoo. Sadly, seems to have quietly slipped off the radar after OKG was cancelled.
  • Akihito Yoshitomi. Is well-known for his contributions to the genre, though he tends to take weird approaches:
    • Blue Drop, although the anime is much less explicit with its Girls' Love than the first and third manga of the series. The second manga Tenshi no Bokura moves away from Girls' Love, as the focus is on a heterosexual pair.
    • Sisterism is a GL manga about two childhood friends falling in love with each other's little sisters. Who are both 12.
    • Two and Two is a slightly different take on a similar setup, with two schoolgirl roommates discovering their attraction to each other only after they independently start dating older women. Both of whom are childhood friends, so it's complicated. Also, at least one pairing is into domination/submission play.
  • Takemiya Jin. She started working with original yuri doujin in February 2007. She debuted in Yuri-Hime since March 2009 after winning their Division Prize award two years before. Has been published on every issue of Yuri-Hime since then. Boasts an incredible amount of one-shots and collections.
    • Omoi no Kakera, aka Fragments of Love, revolves around the life of Mika, a rather confident and mature young woman who has a preference for older women.
    • Chouchou Nannan, about a love triangle.

    Original Manga 
  • Maka Maka is a yuri hentai manga about two college aged girls.
  • Otome No Teikoku: Also known as Virgin's Empire, a Slice of Life series about school girls and their relationships, with more than a little nudity. Created by the author of the Cult Classic Maka-Maka.
  • Pieta: A josei manga that contains a dark psychologic yuri story.
  • Poor Poor Lips: A Gag Series Yon Koma with surprising depth about the lives of a rich, lesbian employer and her poor employee.
  • Plica is a slice-of-life four-panel comic about adult lesbians (so it's not really girls' love, but...)
  • Prism is a manga about a girl who fell in love with a 'boy' in elementary only for them to be reunited years later with the revelation 'he' is really a very pretty girl. Written by the same mangaka as Stretch.
  • Saki is a yuri subtext Mahjong anime that holds the record as the series with the most yuri themed blushing. One interesting note is that the anime plays its Girls' Love up more than the manga.
  • Sakura Trick Two girls try to keep their friendship unique and special. By kissing each other. A lot.
  • Sasameki Koto happily marries relationship angst with school life comedy.
  • Satou Kashi no Dangan wa Uchinukenai, a shojo manga that follows the relationship between a schoolgirl who wishes to rely on no one but herself, and a self-proclaimed mermaid who must find true friendship in one month's time or she will fade away forever.
  • Shinozaki-san Ki wo Ota Shika ni! About a girl who is in the closet... about being an otaku. And sure, she may have some weird fantasies about her friend Kaede, but that's just because she's so cute it's a crime that she should be an otaku. So Akina must save Kaede from that terrible lifestyle... and maybe get a special thank you when they're alone.
  • Shiro

    Original Anime 

    Original Light Novels 

    Video Games 

    Visual Novels 
  • Solfege: Sweet Harmony
  • Sono Hanabira ni Kuchizuke wo (pictured above) is presently considered the definitive Girls' Love Eroge series and the series has had a hentai OVA based on it released.

  • The manga Claudine, written by Oniisama e...'s author Riyoko Ikeda, is often classified as Yuri Genre. However, this is a mistake. The main character, Claudine de Montesse, is actually Transsexual: he is female-bodied but identifies as a man, and searches for female love interests. (And is referred to as such by other characters: for instance his Unlucky Childhood Friend Rosemarie says that Claudine is "a true man, given a woman's body"). Therefore, it'd be technically incorrect to classify this particular manga as yuri; although homosexuality and transsexuality are both LGBTQ issues, they are very different ones and, whilst they can overlap, it's not always the case.
  • Stellar Ranger Dark Star has the main romance and love triangle in the story fall between three Magical Girls.
  • Their Story, an original online yuri manhua by Tan Jiu about a tomboy who falls head-over-heels for a girl at a neighboring high school
  • Cross Heart, an original Spanish/English-language online manga by Ana-Christina Sanchez, about teenage girl named Haru who falls for the popular but aloof Kotomi. She soon learns Kotomi has quite a troubled past.
  • Fluttering Feelings, an original Korean manhwa by Ssamba, is a Slice of Life story about two Business University students, the average slightly immature Kim No-Rae and the beautifully captivating Baek Seol-A.
  • Lily Love, from Thailand by Ratana Satis, follows the life of Donut, a college girl who doesn't believe in soulmates. A chance meeting with her new neighbor, Mew, led to friendship and grows into something much more.
  • World Canvas, by Godley Malabanan, is about Sera, who was born with the power to see the little pieces of soul people leave in their art. She takes an interest on an artist, Rhiannon, upon finding out her power doesn't work on her art. Notable for being the first commercially published GL comic in Tagalog.
  • Magan&Danai, an original Chinese webcomic by ermuzibu, is a comedic Slice of Life series about a tsundere woman and her girlfriend.
  • Santiago Nights, an original English language light novel, about Lily Oda, a young werewolf mob enforcer and her human mate, Chelsea Heartfield.

Alternative Title(s):

Girl Love, Yuri, Shoujo Ai, Girls Love