A subgenre of Slice of Life
, Schoolgirl Series
tend to revolve around a group of female classmates and their antics and adventures during and after school. Depending on how comedic they are, such series may feature a rather unusual school where highly unrealistic things happen
. Having a Man Child
teacher in control of a Wacky Homeroom
is not uncommon in Schoolgirl Series
though a Straight Man
educator may be swapped in to form a contrast with the outrageous behavior of the main heroines. A Sensei-chan
character may be thrown into the mix in order to incorporate some kind of friendly adult perspective.
can also have more serious or romantic elements, but are similar in how their main focuses are on the day-to-day
activities of a group of girls in school and the friendships that grow through them. Sometimes there is a main heroine in the story and if that is the case, the series may have some Coming of Age
Male characters may appear, but they rarely enter into the main cast and if they do they are outnumbered by female ones
. Occasionally, this element is used to such a degree that one may wonder why Everybody is Single
and yet people rarely mention relationships or dating in many of the more comedy-centered Schoolgirl Series
In Japan, these kinds of series often overlap with Moe
and almost always have men as their target demographic. Even so, Schoolgirl Series
rarely delve into Fanservice
Tropes Commonly Associated with Schoolgirl Series:
- A-Cup Angst
- Beach Episode: Almost mandatory for any self-respecting Schoolgirl Series.
- Cloudcuckoolander: Will overlap with Attention Deficit... Ooh, Shiny! if the character is a Genki Girl.
- Everybody is Single
- Festival Episode: Equally obligatory in Japanese High School settings.
- Hair Decorations
- Four / Five Girl Ensemble: May also overlap with Five Woman Band.
- Generic Cuteness
- Genki Girl
- Girlish Pigtails
- The Glomp
- Inside Shoes: Often are Color-Coded for Your Convenience to tell upperclassmen from lowerclassmen.
- Iyashikei: Some series can qualify for this trope.
- Japanese Honorifics: Especially -chan.
- Karaoke Box: Not as often as the Beach Episode usually with the Hollywood Tone-Deaf.
- Les Yay: Often, but not always, but may go so far to overlap with a Romantic Two-Girl Friendship.
- Man Child: Often overlaps with Sensei-chan if the character is a teacher. If female, often is a Christmas Cake.
- Moe Moe
- Nice Girl: Expect at least one character in the main cast or secondary characters to fall into this trope, usually the Token Mini-Moe. Often the center of Crowning Moment of Heartwarming and Tear Jerker scenes.
- No Antagonist: There is usually no antagonist in a schoolgirl series and even if there is one, the said antagonist will most like to played for comedic purposes or a Jerk with a Heart of Gold.
- Nonuniform Uniform: As a way to tell the characters apart, especially if the show has Generic Cuteness.
- Ojou: Often has a Big Fancy House, sometimes more than one and is a ditzy character as well. Expect Type 1 if she is a main character, Type 2 if she is a Sitcom Arch-Nemesis (although this is less common).
- One Gender School: Quite a few series take place at all-girl's schools, so the number of male characters can be limited as much as possible. If it's not this, than there usually seem to be a lot more girls around than guys (which is sometimes justified by letting the series take place in an art club or something similarly "girly").
- Puni Plush: Often, but mostly dependent on the art style.
- Rapunzel Hair
- Sailor Fuku
- School Festival
- Shrinking Violet, in the same character more often than not. Will often have a Hime Cut and be well endowed, but self-conscious. May overlap with Meganekko / Tsundere characters.
- Skinship Grope: Often the primary basis for the Les Yay elements.
- Sweet Dreams Fuel: A major reason for the popularity of this anime genre amongst male audiences is the open warmth and sentimentality permitted by an all female setting; in the still relatively-chauvinist Men Don't Cry world of Japanese Males, it is quite catharcic to allow oneself to occasionally partake in a world where its okay to hug your friends, love hope and dream, even if its for just 30 minutes a week.
- Tareme Eyes: Often the Cloudcuckoolander and Genki Girl characters.
- Token Guy: Often the only guy in the series.
- Token Mini-Moe: Expect at least one character to fit this bill.
- Tsundere: May also be a Meganekko and often the Only Sane Woman, but also can be Not so Above It All.
- Tsurime Eyes
- Two-Teacher School: One of them will be the main Sensei-chan, while the other will often be her friend.
- Unlimited Wardrobe
- Vitriolic Best Buds, often between the Tsundere character and the Genki Girl. Often, but not always a Childhood Friends and Tomboy and Girly Girl / Red Oni Blue Oni relationship, especially if the Tsundere in question is the Straight Woman / Only Sane Woman.
- Weight Woe: At least one character will be sensitive about her weight gain.
- Yonkoma: Almost a rule if the series in question is a manga.
- Zettai Ryouiki
Anime & Manga
- Doki Doki School Hours is the earliest example in this list and as such is seen as the codifier of some of the most important tropes.
- Azumanga Daioh, however, is generally considered the biggest Trope Codifier for schoolgirl series, following the enormous success of the both the manga and anime, and it established many of the character tropes commonly associated with this subgenre.
- Hidamari Sketch features a group of girls who live in the Hidamari Apartments and attend a nearby art school together. One of their teachers at their school, Yoshinoya, sometimes seems much less mature than they do. In some ways the series tells the story of how the main heroine, Yuno, matures from being a naive freshman to being more of an adult.
- Sketchbook revolves around the mostly female members of an art club and their chicken-obsessed, energetic teacher Ms. Kasugano.
- Lucky Star mainly focuses on the core group of friends of Konata, the twins Kagami and Tsukasa, and Miyuki along with a few of their classmates and relatives. This series hangs a lampshade on the Everybody is Single part of a good many Schoolgirl Series when the group wonders why Miyuki does not yet have a boyfriend. It also only has two named male characters that appear for more than a couple of minutes (aside from Anime Tenchou), Konata's dad, Soujirou, and Minoru Shiraishi.
- K-On fits the Schoolgirl Series template to the T, telling the story of a group of girls who are members of a light music club at an all-girls high school with the spunky "Sawa-chan" playing the role of club sponsor. There is really only one named male character that reappears in the anime and he is the brother of a club member. He never appears in the original source material.
- Natsuiro Kiseki is all about four childhood friends, spending their last summer together before one of them moves away.
- GA Geijutsuka Art Design Class focuses on a group of girls (and a couple of boys) at Ayanoi High School, most of whom are enrolled in G.A., a class that specializes in arts.
- High School Girls, also known as Girl's High.
- Tamayura can be considered as one. The girls may not spend much time at school, but they are often depicted in their uniforms.
- Sakura Trick: Stretching Romantic Two-Girl Friendship into main-text Girls Love.
- A Channel is such, plus a few Les Yay overtones.
- Gakuen Utopia Manabi Straight combines this with Twenty Minutes into the Future.
- School Rumble
- Kimi To Boku is a rare gender-inverted example.
- Daily Lives of High School Boys is another gender-inverted example.
- Ro Kyu Bu has some shades
- Yuru-Yuri is one of these, focusing more on humour and Yuri elements.
- Yuyushiki, which shares some similarity to Yuru-Yuri, with slightly less yuri.
- Kin-iro Mosaic, the plot point being an English New Transfer Student.
- Gakkou Gurashi, what happens when the character archetypes of Schoolgirl Series are dropped into an altogether different genre and circumstances, in this case a Zombie Apocalypse.
- Sweet Magic Syndrome, Characters from a Magical Land go to school in the real world and talk about food, mostly sweets.
- Waratte Sotomura San, is a series about a misunderstood girl who wishes to make friends with her smile, too bad her smile looks like she's about to viciously murder you.
- Destiny Fails Us revolves around a group of girls making their way through their final years of high school.
- The Four Marys, a long-running strip in the Bunty girls' comic paper in Britain. It's about four girls named Mary that attend a girls' boarding school, and have (usually) age-appropriate adventures. Named male characters come from outside the school and generally appear for one story arc only.
- W.I.T.C.H. is a mix between this and the Magical Girl genre, as the comics focus as much on the five main characters' lives at home and school as their saving the world. The show focuses a little more on the "fighting evil" side while mixing in the Slice of Life elements as B-plots.