Literally "a female high school student", but the term is invariably used to refer specifically to cute high school girls wearing Sailor Fuku
, or sailor suit-styled uniforms. Many Japanese men refer to them under the nickname "JK" or "JC". Note that the term may be used interchangeably with 'seifuku', which means any general "school uniform", but is often used to describe the sailor outfits in particular. Although seeraafuku
are not as common now in Japan as they once were, the vast majority of anime girls still wear them.
That Japanese has such a compact, productive phrase for this image implies that it's an important archetype in the Japanese psyche, and this is borne out by how often sailor-suited school girls still appear in both manga and anime.
See also School Swimsuit
, for when the girls wear something that shows a little more skin.
This is mainly a Japanese cultural trope but is found prominently in anime. The Western equivalent is Catholic School Girls Rule
. However, given that many Japanese high schools have abandoned the sailor uniform, which nowadays is a characteristic indicator of middle school
girls, more professional-esque styles of uniform have become a popular replacement - popular not just among schools but also among viewers - so the two are beginning to merge. Joshikousei are very prominent in anime/manga, to the point where the far majority of female characters will be either be high school girls or at the very least be in the same age group (should high school not exist or should their occupation prevent them from going to school). In fact, one of the main reasons why most male protagonists are ordinary highschool students
is so they can be surrounded by high school girls.
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Anime & Manga
- Azumanga Daioh, though the girls here wear modest-length skirts and full-coverage tops.
- Bleach has Karin and Yuzu wear these after the Time Skip.
- Hidamari Sketch
- Mazinger Z: Sayaka Yumi in the Go Nagai manga (in the anime she didn't go to school due to her work at the Institute, thus she didn't wear any uniform). Ironically, given that she was created by the man who introduced Fanservice in manga, she wears a modest-length skirt.
- A Joshikousei series aptly named High School Girls (its Japanese name was literally ''Joshikousei'') is about to be released in North America, based on the long-running manga series of the same name.
- Each Tokyo Mew Mew girl attends a different school; Ichigo and Retasu both wear seifuku. In the largely discredited sequel, all five originals and the new character attend the same school, chosen for its "cute uniforms".
- Magic Knight Rayearth, like Sailor Moon, bases the girls' armour off of school uniforms.
- Lucky Star.
- For Amanchu!, Kozue Amano designed some very pretty school uniforms, with hints to the outfits worn by the undines in her other main work, ARIA. The frilly petticoats really set them apart, although they might be a bit warm in summer. And they may also not be the best fit for more chubby students.
- In Gakuen Hetalia, Axis Powers Hetalia's take on a High School AU, Seychelles and Hungary appear in Western-style uniforms. Belarus and Ukraine appear in concept art, and Taiwan appears in this◊ in the concept art, compared to the more Western uniforms the other girls have been seen wearing. In the regular canon, Norway and Sealand also sport Danshigakusei uniforms.
- Revolutionary Girl Utena has the "ridiculously short skirt" version.
- Konoe Tsurugi and Yashima Sanae in Hanaukyō Maid Tai La Verite episode 8.
- In Fruits Basket, Shigure is so tickled about visiting Tohru's school because he knows how the girls will react to him, he sings a little Joshikousei song.
- A Channel
- Mato and Yomi's uniform in the Black★Rock Shooter OVA.
- The SSS uniform in Angel Beats!. Note that it is not the same as the one the NPC's wear.
- High School Of The Dead. Granted, they do rip up and alter their uniform so they'll be more versatile, and later change out. And considering the zombie apocalypse is taking up their time, I doubt they'll be going to school anymore.
- In Soul Eater, the girls' Spartoi uniforms usually are in the sailor style.
- Kim and Jackie's original uniform also slightly resembles a seifuku, having the collar and tie.
- In Zombie Loan, this is somewhat averted. The uniform only has the collar. The rest doesn't really resemble seifuku.
- The girls' uniform at Butei high in Aria the Scarlet Ammo.
- The girls of Hanasaku Iroha have to wear a blue-and-white seifuku to school.
- Ohana's school in Tokyo has a thicker navy-colored seifuku.
- The standard uniform in Haruhi Suzumiya.
- Haruhi Fujioka's (from Ouran High School Host Club) old uniform from middle school was a dark-colored seifuku.
- The Idolmaster - Several of the idols are High Schoolers, tough their schools don't appear much.
- Neon Genesis Evangelion
- The protagonist of Wandering Son brought one when he was in sixth grade. Later on in the manga, several side-characters begin going to a high school that uses Sailor Fuku.
- Great Teacher Onizuka
- The high school uniforms in Mai-HiME just have the short skirt part; the middle school uniforms are the classic white-with-blue-trim seeraa style. Nao spices hers up with Zettai Ryouiki.
- Ami Nekota and Nanami Momozono from Kamisama Kiss have this as their school uniform.
- As has been mentioned Sailor Moon has the famous Sailor Senshi uniforms based on middle and high school Sailor Fuku. As well as these the girls have their actual school uniforms, from main characters alone we see the uniforms of at least 6 schools across the series note . Chibiusa also wears one to attend Juuban Municipal Primary School but it's not a uniform it's just what she chooses to wear.
- Of eight continuities, only three Pretty Cure series feature female characters wearing Sailor Fuku - Futari Wa Pretty Cure Splash Star, HeartCatch Pretty Cure! and Doki Doki Pretty Cure. Of course, technicalities run rampant here - for instance, Heartcatch's Sailor Fuku is only for the middle schoolers and during the winter season (during the summer, it's a skirt/blouse combo) and the high schoolers wear more of a Western uniform (it helps that they both go to the same school) And let's not get into Itsuki.
- While for the most part they evade this, continuities where a female member of the Tenchi Muyo! cast goes to school, they end up wearing one of these. Interestingly, what type of uniform differs - the uniforms worn in the first movie, Tenchi Muyo in Love, were black and white and very modest, yet whenever we see Sasami go to school, it's the usual red, white and blue and short skirted.
Live Action TV
- Kamen Rider Agito: Kazaya Mana is a less straight example, since she doesn't wear the sailor suit.
- Kamen Rider Double: Two of Shotaro's informants, Queen and Elizabeth are apparently schoolgirls. "Joshikousei" is Shotaro's nickname for Akiko, since she behaves more like a child than her actual age of 20.
- Kamen Rider OOO: Mezuru's guise is a school girl... for about one episode. Then she changes into another outfit. One wonders why...
- Mostly avoided by Kamen Rider Fourze: all the main female characters are schoolgirls, but don't wear a sailor uniform, and their skirts aren't short. Miu initially wears a tight cheerleading uniform with a miniskirt, but leaves school halfway through the show, and from then on is only ever seen in her casual clothes.
- A rare American example: Claire, from Heroes, and her iconic cheerleader garb. The second season even gave her a revamped (but less frequently seen) blue outfit.
- Referenced in Glee when Santana claims that Rachel's schoolgirl-esque outfits would turn on "a Japanese businessman with a very dark and specific fetish."