Adaptation Displacement: The novel, which was written before the film, was a colossal worldwide bestseller (approx. 20 million copies sold up to 2021), which was the primary reason why Universal was willing to greenlight the movie. Despite this, the movie is arguably much more well known through popular culture, being a unique and highly quotable colossal worldwide blockbuster.
Too Bleak, Stopped Caring: The protagonists are so unlikable, selfish, and hypocritical that they make the shark look decent by comparison. In fact, Steven Spielberg confessed to rooting for the shark when he read the book.
Trapped by Mountain Lions: The adultery and organized crime subplots, neither which have much bearing on the hunt after the shark.
Accidental Innuendo: Right as Chrissie is being eaten by the shark in the first scene, the guy she took with her to the deserted beach is almost passed out drunk on the sand, breathing heavily and whispering, "I'm coming... I'm coming..." Given that he's wasted and he's chasing a girl, it may be deliberate.
Accidental Aesop: Don't go swimming at night in murky water. There are many creatures you can't see who can attack you for being in the wrong place at the wrong time, more than sharks. This is Truth in Television; people are advised to not swim at dusk, because that is when nocturnal predators come out.
What is worse, a low-funded economy or risking people's safety which will not help the economy?
Adorkable: Hooper can be a smartass at times, but his enthusiasm about sharks and eagerness to prove himself to Quint makes him quite a lovable dork.
And You Thought It Would Fail: The film was initially picked up as a script treatment by Universal Pictures, but ran into problems almost immediately. A rookie director who only had one other feature film that bombed in theatres to his name was chosen to direct the film. An actor who believed he was now box-office poison because of his prior work signed up as one of the main characters. Another actor was a belligerent drunk, and he would feud constantly with the aforementioned box-office poison actor, and his drinking would ruin takes to boot. Filming ran overbudget and overtime, with executives denying funding for key reshoots (which then had to be paid out of pocket). There were accusations that the practical effects were cheap and laughable, forcing the filmmaker to improvise by keeping it offscreen for most of the runtime. Yet, contrary to Steven Spielberg and Richard Dreyfuss' beliefs, Jaws became the first film to see wide-release distribution, became one of the highest-grossing films of all time, and ushered in a new wave in American filmmaking.
Steven Spielberg himself was disappointed when he wasn't nominated for Best Director at the Academy Awards, as seen here. He keeps his complaining playful and lets his friends do most of it for him. Until he's then informed that the film only got four nominations, and then frankly points out that his film suffered from commercial backlash. "Everybody loves a winner, but nobody loves a WINNER".
Robert Shaw not getting a nomination for Best Supporting Actor has been known to enrage more than a few cinephiles, with many believing his portrayal should've won the award easily. That year's winner was George Burns for The Sunshine Boys, certainly a worthy winner but not as well-remembered as Shaw's performance here.
While it's overshadowed by Shaw's snub, neither Roy Scheider or Richard Dreyfuss were nominated for Best Actor despite their excellent work.
When Spielberg learned of his film's low nomination count, the first thing he asks about is whether Peter Benchley and Carl Gottlieb's screenplay got nominated. It wasn't.
Even better when the shark pops up out of nowhere while Brody is tossing chum behind the boat and the leitmotif did not play. In every scene before that, the da-dun music kicked in warning the audience that the shark was coming.
Funnily enough, on first hearing the score Spielberg was quite bemused by how minimalist it was, and figured Williams had to be pulling a prank. He did initially hear it played on a piano, which probably made it sound dinkier than it would with a full orchestra.
Creepy Awesome: The shark is huge, powerful, intelligent, tenacious and even shows some sadistic qualities that separate it from actual sharks. All of these things are why it is widely regarded as a timeless villain in cinema despite it being an unspeaking animal.
Fan Nickname: Due to the first shark's Production Nickname, the later sharks are usually called "Bruce (sequel number)" or something along those lines. The baby shark in the third movie also tends to be called Bruce Jr. to distinguish it from its parent.
First Installment Wins: Not only for its own franchise, but some consider Jaws to be the only good shark movie ever made - only Open Water and The Shallows have (somewhat) gotten the same reaction (and both of which take a fairly different approach to the overall "shark attack" story). Many also consider it the best "man vs beast" movie ever.
Genius Bonus: Quint's boat is named the Orca, after the killer whale. Orca whales hunt great white sharks
In 2010, when the Egyptian resort of Sharm El Sheik experienced killer shark attacks, it used the plot of Jaws as its guide, including denying the problem, resisting closing the beaches, reluctantly closing them after a near-shore attack, killing the wrong shark and declaring it the right one despite clear evidence to the contrary, re-opening the beaches with a fanfare declaring them safe, then having more attacks take place. After that, the shark simply left on its own accord, perhaps because it knew what came next in the film.
One of the three-note xylophone bits from the score to Chrissie's death scene sounds an awful lot like the kind of audio-chime a laptop might play to show it's booting up a peripheral.
I Am Not Shazam: Jaws is not the name of the shark. It had no name, unless you count Bruce. On official merchandise or film articles, it is usually referred to as "The shark from Jaws" or occasionally "The Great White Menace from Jaws". Peter Benchley's name for the creature was "The Great Fish" or simply "The Fish."
Just Here for Godzilla: People often forget there's more to the first half than just a shark killing everyone.
The image of a shark's head rising from the depths has been reused many a time, notably in The Road to El Dorado.
Mentioning the Mayor keeping the Amnityville beaches open is often referred to in response to officials ignoring or downplaying a major disaster because of Skewed Priorities (such as the COVID-19 pandemic, which indeed involved keeping beaches open despite the danger)
"That is one bad hat, Harry," thanks to the TV company Bad Hat Productions using it as their Vanity Plate.
Narm: Yes, even a timeless classic like Jaws has Narm-tastic moments.
When Mrs. Kintner confronts Brody and calls him out on allowing people to go to the beach despite knowing of a shark in the water, her tears are remarkably unconvincing. Her delivery of the line "My boy is dead; I wanted you to know that" has induced chuckles in more than a few moviegoers.
SHUH-SHARK!! THUR'S A SHARK!! SHARK IN THE POND!! SHARK IN THE ESTUARY!! SOMEBODY DO SOMETHING!! Etc, etc.
One-Scene Wonder: Susan Backlinie, in the very first scene. Still jaw-droppingly terrifying decades later.
The movie has a wealth of these, thanks to the makers' practice of finding colorful-looking locals for background roles. For many of these, this was their only (uncredited) film role, making them "One Scene In Their Whole Career Wonders." Examples include Donald Poole (Harbormaster Frank Silva), Steven Potter (Pipit's owner), Wally Hooper ("That's Some Bad Hat" Harry), and Carla Hogendyk ("Artist," a.k.a. the girl who shouts "Shark!" when it goes into the pond).
Ms. Kintner when she slaps Chief Brody. Technically, she was also on the beach when her son dies, but her confrontation with Brody is unforgettable.
Paranoia Fuel: You better believe it. Beach attendance noticeably dropped in 1975 because of this movie. Some people were even afraid of swimming pools. And ever since then, promotional materials have billed it as "The film that made you afraid of the water."
Rooting for the Empire: Sometimes happens with the shark. Mostly due to Rule of Cool. The fact that humans annually kill more sharks in real life than the other way around could also have something to do with it.
Sacred Cow: Good luck finding someone who thinks that this film isn't a timeless masterpiece.
Signature Scene: Five of them; the opening death scene, the Indianapolis monologue, Brody seeing the shark for the first time, Quint's death, and the shark's death.
Special Effect Failure: Part of the reason the first film uses suspense and doesn't often show the shark is precisely because of this trope — Spielberg thought that the animatronic shark that they had was too unconvincing... That, and it kept breaking down during filming, especially when they were out on the water.
The shark's appearance in the "you're gonna need a bigger boat" scene has not aged well since the film's release. To modern audiences with any eye for visuals/art, it looks almost intolerably fake.
The scene with Hooper in the shark cage intercuts footage of a real shark (as mentioned above) with close-ups of "Bruce." It's very easy to tell the difference.
When the shark jumps out of the water and on to the boat in the beginning of the scene where Quint gets devoured, you can clearly see the wire attached to the shark's fin.
As the shark drags the fourth victim (the man in the pond) under, its mouth is still wide open.
Strawman Has a Point: The mayor isn't completely wrong that news of a shark could ruin the town — all "summer tourist" towns are extremely dependent on seasonal income. He's extremely wrong, however, in the degree to which he ignores the evidence. Also, his refusal to cut open the shark, possibly spilling the remains of its latest victim (a young child), is completely right. Why they couldn't both agree to wait until everyone left and cut it open late at night (what Brody and Hooper do anyway) is anyone's guess. On the other hand, he did let the killing of one shark erupt into a media frenzy and declare mission accomplished without making sure it was even the right shark in the first place, which is why Brody and Hooper even wanted to cut the shark open.
They Changed It, Now It Sucks!: For the film's 25th anniversary DVD release in 2000, a new 5.1 stereo sound mix was done. However, this new mix changed several sound effects from the original mono (such as gunshots, and the sound of the shark bursting through the Orca's window after eating Quint), causing complaints from audio purists and original fans. Thankfully, later DVD and Blu-Ray releases added the mono option back.
Vindicated by History: An odd trope for one of the most financially and critically successful films of all time, but if you grew up in the 80s, the mantra of "the shark looks fake!" would have rung continuously through your ears to the point that you could only agree. Except now, a slew of Gen Z Youtube reactors seeing the film for the first time, their minds keyed to decades of cheap CGI sharks, have been genuinely impressed by the practical effects used to create it.
Woolseyism: In the Latin American Spanish dub of the first film produced by ESM, and also overlapping with Bowdlerise, the Smile, you son of a bitch was changed with the simpler but still effective line of ¡Escualo miserable! ("You miserable shark!" but it also means, context-wise, as "You goddamned shark!"), the fact Brody's voice actor, Víctor Mares, says that line with a really enraged tone helps a lot. On the other hand, during the flashback scene of the fourth film, it was translated as simply ¡Sonrie, maldito! ("Smile, you bastard!" translated context-wise.)
The Problem with Licensed Games: The game mostly consists of swimming around harpooning innocent and harmless sea creatures. The fact that it's also based on what many agree to be the worst of the Jaws movies doesn't help matters.
Ham and Cheese: Some of the skippers that have poor acting skills can fall under this.
Opinion Myopia: The ride, while extremely beloved by fans, received merely average attendance levels from everyday guests.