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Special Effect Failure

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"Godzilla is either breaking the laws of physics or he's throwing around an empty rubber suit!"

When special effects look really cheap and dodgy, to the point of pulling the audience out of the narrative, you have a Special Effect Failure. All-too-common prior to 1980, and still with us today despite relatively inexpensive digital effects that can be very convincing and realistic... but often aren't.

The audience's expectations for effects have grown up with the media. For example, it is obviously a dummy being thrown from a train in The Great Train Robbery — but since it was filmed when filmmaking itself was in its infancy (1903 to be exact), people forgave it. If a modern remake had done that, however, they would not have been nearly as kind. It should also be noted that the modern push to update everything to HD can also result in a retroactive form of this, as a matte painting in a 1980s VHS release looks fine, but on the cleaned up, "remastered" Blu-ray looks like, well, a cheap matte painting in the background.


Sometimes a Special Effect Failure is caused by resorting to Off-the-Shelf FX. Many examples are just plain Bloopers (a literal failure of the effects). In a video game it can be because of Model Dissonance being revealed by a glitch or oversight.

Sometimes cheesy FX are regarded as part of the So Bad, It's Good charm of a work. Sometimes authors will intentionally aim for this as a form of Stylistic Suck.


Examples with their own pages

Other examples

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    Asian Animation 
  • The Chinese animated series The Adventures of Kiki and Qeqe have several animation errors; for example, one of the titular characters in the air appears frozen.

    Fan Fic 
  • In-Universe from Calvin and Hobbes: The Series, combined with Nightmare Retardant:
    Hobbes: Bumper cars are fine when there aren't ghosts constantly flying down in your face!
    Calvin: They were paper and on fishing line!
  • The “destruction” of Munich terrorist facility in James Bond fan film Diamonds Cut seems to intentionally go for the Camp factor with what seems like a really bad photoshop. Absolutely nothing collapses and the only signs of destruction are little tongues of flame with thin tendrils of smoke at the forefront.
  • Essentially all of the special effects in the animated version of The End of Ends, but Count Logan's dragon form breathing fire stands out.
  • In Parody Fic Plan 7 of 9 from Outer Space, the alien abductor D'Ork of the Thorkoth looks like a cheap prop from a Roger Corman film, has a Killer Robot that's just a diving helmet on a gorilla suit, and pilots a Flying Saucer that's held up by visible strings.

  • In-universe example in Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Double Down, where middle school student Greg Heffley tries to create a homemade horror movie on No Budget:
    • Rowley is the only actor, and has to act for many. Since Greg has no video editing skills, this means that no scene in the movie can feature more than one character.
    • Rowley plays an unnnamed woman. Unfortunately, he refuses to wear a dress, and they don't have a wig for him. He ends up wearing yoga pants and a hooded sweater, and having the character never show her face.
    Woman: I hope you don't mind if I don't turn around but I am really concentrating on doing these dishes.
    • They try to make a scene in which an unnamed man tries to take a shower, but worms come out instead of water. Greg can't find a way to make it looks natural, and settles for throwing gummy worms at Rowley's face and hoping it'll look realistic once they make the final cut.
    • They use ketchup as fake blood.
    • Discussed when Greg points out that he still hasn't figured out how to film the climax of the movie, which would feature a battle against a giant worm. Sadly, they never get around to attempting this scene at all.

  • Digitally-overlaid graphics can often go awry;
    • One time, ESPN's 1st down line during a football game rendered on an angle.
    • During game 2 of the 2017 World Series, a Masterpass sign was digitally added to the outfield wall with a chroma key, but at one point, it accidentally overlaid on top of a player's head.
    • The 2017 Army vs. Navy football game was played on a very snowy day in Philadelphia, leaving the field continuously covered in snow. The production crew must have changed the "greenscreen" effect of the play lines to white. This lead to the first down and line of scrimmage overlays to appear on the jerseys, gloves, and wrist tape of players.

    TV News 
  • Quite a few examples exist of two main failures: putting up the wrong headline or accompanying image (the small pics appearing next to a news anchor's head for each story) and someone who decided to wear the wrong shade of blue or green, causing the clothing to pick up images or video meant for the green/blue screen behind the anchor. Weather forecasters are particularly prone to the second one, given all the use of this type of imaging in their segments.
  • People responsible for news graphics are only human, and sometimes they put up a picture of the wrong person. Here is a case where that happened.


Alternative Title(s): Special Effects Failure