Simply put, a Domestic Only Cartoon
is an animated series or film which is animated/inked and painted entirely within the country of origin, with no outsourcing involved. This practice used to be the norm in the days of theatrical animation, but lower budgets forced productions to outsource their cartoons to overseas studios, where the cost of labor is cheaper. Even anime does it nowadays, sending most of their productions to Korea or China for inbetweening. Nevertheless, domestic-only productions still exist, even if they’re less frequent than they used to be.
(NOTE: For obvious reasons, web animation by independent animators will not be listed here because it’s a given that it will be produced by whatever country the creator lives in)
Examples, listed by country of origin:
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United States of America
Partial examples (that is, only certain segments, episodes or seasons were domestic only):
United States of America
- Animaniacs (the StarToons animated episodes)
- Attack of the Killer Tomatoes! animated series (season 2 only; season 1 was animated overseas by Akom)
- Beavis and Butt-Head (the "Frog Baseball" pilot, done almost entirely by Mike Judge, and the first few episodes only, which were animated by J.J. Sedelmaier Productions and digitally colored; the majority of the series was sent to Rough Draft Studios and Plus One Animation)
- Bob's Burgers (season 1 only; seasons 2+ started outsourcing to Yeson Entertainment and Hanho Heung-Up)
- Disney Animated Canon (All films from 1937 to roughly 1994 were produced entirely domestically (though The Little Mermaid had its bubbles animated by Pacific Rim Animation). Starting in 1995 through roughly 2003, they began outsourcing some scenes to their France satellite studio. All films from 2005 to present have mostly been domestic only, though)
- Drawn Together (the movie only; the regular series was outsourced to Rough Draft Studios)
- Dreamworks Animation (starting with Puss in Boots, films began to be partially outsourced to India)
- Family Guy: The Disney-verse sequence in "Road to the Multiverse", which was animated by Main Street Pictures. Also, any claymation sequences were animated in America.
- Filmation (the exception being Zorro, animated by TMS Entertainment)
- Garfield Specials (minus "Garfield’s Feline Fantasies" and "Garfield Gets a Life", which were outsourced to Wang Film Productions)
- Hanna-Barbera (their ‘60s shows only; starting in The Seventies, they began to outsource animation to Wang Film Productions)
- Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law [pilot by J.J. Sedelmaier Productions and episodes 10 to the end; episodes 2-9 were outsourced to Rough Draft Studios)
- Kablam: Action League Now!, Life With Loopy, Prometheus & Bob, and The Off-Beats were all produced in their country of origin. Henry & June mostly was, aside from the second season when it had overseas work by Sunmin Animation. Jetcat was animated by Hong Ying and Slightly Off-Beat Productions in New Zealand.
- Looney Tunes: All shorts from 1930-1969, plus some of the TV specials in the '70s-'90s, were domestic only. However, one of the TV specials was assisted by Dong-Seo, and modern shorts have typically been outsourced (Rough Draft Studios did the animation for "Attack of the Drones", for instance, and Big Star did uncredited inbetween work for the Chuck Jones shorts in the '90s).
- Ralph Bakshi (only his first three films: Fritz the Cat, Heavy Traffic, and Coonskin, plus his two What A Cartoon! Show’’ shorts. Wizards and Hey Good Lookin were both assisted by an uncredited (and brand new at the time) Dong-Seo, while The Lord of the Rings was inked and painted by Luk Film, and Cool World was inked and painted by Big Star)
- The Ren & Stimpy Show ("The Last Temptation of Ren", which was animated by Toon Us In in Chinatown and inked and painted by U.S. Animation)
- While it doesn't fit the strictest definition of this trope, the season 2 episodes animated in Canada by Carbunkle Cartoons and digitally colored by Metrocel are about as close to "domestic only" as you can get.
- Revisioned: Tomb Raider Animated Series: "Revenge of the Aztec Mummy", "Angel Spit", "Lara Croft: Legacy", "Pre-Teen Raider", and "A Complicated Woman". The other four were outsourced to DNA Productions in Korea.
- Rocko's Modern Life (the unaired “Trash-o-Madness” pilot. The aired version featured new animation in certain scenes by Sunwoo Entertainment)
- Rocky and Bullwinkle (certain shorts were animated domestically, though the majority of the series was animated in Mexico)
- Ruby-Spears (some of their shows; others were outsourced)
- Shorty McShorts' Shorts (certain shorts)
- The Simpsons (one episode: "The Simpsons 138th Episode Spectacular". As it was a clip show, the only new footage needed was Troy McClure addressing the audience, which was animated by David Silverman stateside and digitally inked and painted by U.S. Animation. The rest of the series was outsourced)
- The John K., Bill Plympton, and Robot Chicken couch gags were animated entirely in America.
- Slacker Cats (certain episodes; others were outsourced to Big Star, Boulder Media in Ireland, DQ Entertainment, or DDM Studio in the Ukraine)
- Sunday Pants (some shorts)
- Tom and Jerry (1940-1958 and 1963-1967 shorts; the 1961-1962 shorts were sent to Czechoslovakia)
- What A Cartoon! Show (most of the series was outsourced, but a few were animated domestically: “Strange Things”, “Malcom and Melvin”, Babe! He Calls Me”, “O Ratz: Rat in a Hot Tin Can”)