Domestic Only Cartoon

Simply put, a Domestic-Only Cartoon is an animated series or film which is animated/inked and painted entirely within the country of origin, with no outsourcing involved. This practice used to be standard in the days of theatrical animation, but lower budgets brought about by television forced productions to cut quality, and later outsource their cartoons to overseas studios where the cost of labor is cheaper. Even anime does it nowadays, sending most of their productions to Korea or China for inbetweening. Nevertheless, domestic-only productions still exist, even if they’re less frequent than they used to be.

The frequency of domestic vs. foreign animation depends a lot on the medium: traditional, domestic animation for TV has been unheard of for decades, but animation in newer mediums such as CGI, Flash, and Harmony is outsourced far less frequently. In particular, this is the norm for Stop Motion animation since it's impractical (if not outright impossible) and pointless to ship physical sets and figures overseas (a notable exception being Rankin/Bass). It's also standard for cartoons occupying a 15-minute timeslot.

(NOTE: For obvious reasons, web animation by independent animators will not be listed here because it’s a given that it will be produced by whatever country the creator lives in)

Examples, listed by country of origin:

    open/close all folders 

  • Go to Hell!!
  • The New Adventures of Ocean Girl (episodes 1-5, 21-26)
  • The Silver Brumby


  • Flatmania
  • Magic Planet
  • My Life Me Note 


  • Dad'x
  • Delfy and His Friends
  • Dougie in Disguise
  • Football Stories
  • Jelly Jamm
  • The Mozart Band
  • Pocket Dragon Adventures (the first few episodes were animated in Spain by D'Ocon, one of the co-producers on the series)
  • Problem Child (season 1 only, which was co-produced by D'Ocon and animated there, along with various Spanish supporting studios)
  • Tork
  • The Untouchables of Elliot Mouse


    United States of America 

Exceptions for the above examples:

  • The New Adventures of Ocean Girl (episodes 6-20 were outsourced to Hanho Heung-Up)



    United States of America