"The Canterville Ghost" (1887) is Oscar Wilde
's Affectionate Parody
of the Haunted House
tradition. A wealthy American political family, headed by Hiram Otis, purchases Canterville Chase from its aristocratic owners. Initially, Mr. Otis scoffs at the news that the estate comes with a ghost, but sure enough, one soon appears: Sir Simon de Canterville, who murdered his wife in 1575, and was murdered himself a few years later. As Sir Simon discovers all too quickly, the Otis family proves resistant to his best haunting effects, and he becomes deeply melancholy. The innocent Virginia Otis, however, turns out to be the solution to his plight.
It's currently in public domain, and can be read here
- Bedsheet Ghost: The twins use one to play a prank on the ghost.
- A Bloody Mess: For most of the story, the mysteriously-regenerating bloodstain is actually paint that Sir Simon steals from Virginia.
- Big Fancy House: The Chase.
- Bread, Eggs, Milk, Squick: Sir Simon's self-justification. "Oh, I hate the cheap severity of abstract ethics! My wife was very plain, never had my ruffs properly starched, and knew nothing about cookery. Why, there was a buck I had shot in Hogley Woods, a magnificent pricket, and do you know how she had it sent to table? However, it is no matter now, for it is all over, and I don't think it was very nice of her brothers to starve me to death, though I did kill her."
- Creepy Housekeeper: Mrs. Umney, who speaks in a "low, mysterious voice."
- Dead Person Conversation: Virginia has a long chat with Sir Simon.
- Death by Materialism: Invoked and then hilariously subverted with the Otis family, who are walking informercials.
- Deconstructor Fleet: Wilde leaves no Gothic and horror trope unstoned.
- Dramatic Thunder: When Washington Otis erases the bloodstain.
- Genre Savvy: Sir Simon, who spends his entire ghost career acting out one Gothic trope after another.
- Ghost Story
- Ghostly Goals: Played with. Sir Simon considers haunting to be his "solemn duty."
- Hair OF Gold Heart Of Gold: Virginia.
- Haunted House
- Headless Horseman: Sir Simon as "Reckless Rupert, or the Headless Earl."
- Horrifying the Horror: Parodied. Poor Sir Simon winds up being completely terrorized by the little Otis twins.
- Incorruptible Pure Pureness: Virginia, which is why she is the only one capable of saving Sir Simon.
- The Ingenue: Virginia.
- It Was a Dark and Stormy Night: A massive storm blows up right as the Otis family reaches the Chase. Nobody is concerned.
- Innocent Blue Eyes: Virginia.
- Jacob Marley Apparel: Sir Simon's first manifestation is a Shout-Out to Marley, complete with lots of chains.
- Large Ham: Sir Simon's whole persona.
- Meaningful Name: The innocent Virginia.
- Parental Marriage Veto: Initially attempted with Virginia and the Duke of Cheshire.
- The Power of Love: Played absolutely straight.
- Prophecies Rhyme All the Time: Played straight:
When a golden girl can win
Prayer from out the lips of sin,
When the barren almond bears,
And a little child gives away its tears,
Then shall all the house be still
And peace come to Canterville.
- Prophecies Are Always Right: The belatedly-introduced prophecy in the library.
- Red Eyes, Take Warning: Sir Simon first manifests with eyes "like red burning coals," which doesn't impress Mr. Otis.
- Sealed Room in the Middle of Nowhere: Sir Simon's brothers-in-law murdered him by locking him up in a secret room in the Chase, then leaving him there to starve.
- Supernatural Proof Father: Invoked and then inverted. Everybody, including Mr. Otis, believes in the ghost; it's just that nobody finds him frightening.
- Take That: Americans bear the brunt of it.
- The Otis family is named after one of the pre-eminent American political dynasties of the period.
- Two of the products poke fun at American political corruption: Tammany Rising Sun Lubricator (Tammany Hall) and Pinkerton's Paragon Detergent (Pinkerton Detective).
- Sir Simon's various "roles" ("Dumb Daniel, or the Suicide's Skeleton") are all send-ups of Gothic stage melodrama.
- Sir Simon himself behaves a lot like a bombastic but down-on-his-luck actor.
- Trickster Twins: The youngest members of the Otis family, who spend much of their time playing pranks on poor Sir Simon.
- Undeath Always Ends: Thanks to Virginia fulfilling the prophecy.
- Voluntary Shapeshifting: Played with. Sir Simon's roles combine this with actual costumes and props.
- Wrong Genre Savvy: Sir Simon swears to Kill Them All with a Cruel and Unusual Death when the rooster crows twice. Then he hears the rooster crowing. Sir Simon expects a second time without success. Puzzled, he retires to his room and checks on their Gothic Horror books that whenever someone says that oath, the rooster always sings twice. Discouraged, he's off.