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Referenced By / A Clockwork Orange

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  • Die Hard's use of Bethoven's "Ode to Joy" was inspired by this film.
  • The torture scene in Reservoir Dogs was described by Quentin Tarantino in an interview as a direct reference to the scene where Alex kicks the writer and rapes his wife to the tune of "Singin' in the Rain". The film is also referenced during the title sequence all the men are walking in slow motion, as Alex and his droogs did. The latter scene was also referenced with O-Ren Ishii in Kill Bill.
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  • In Fargo, Carl Showalter says he's looking for "the old in-out in-out".
  • In Trainspotting, the Inferno club has similar text-based wall art to the Korova Milk Bar. Plus, some of the cinematography is similar.
  • In Batman & Robin, there's a motorcycle gang that dresses like the droogs.
  • In both versions of Funny Games, a bourgeois family is assaulted in their home by villains in white outfits.
  • In Tenacious D in The Pick of Destiny, Jack Black, while trying to sleep on a park bench, is assaulted by a gang dressed as the droogs.
  • Heath Ledger's take on The Joker in The Dark Knight was partly inspired by Alex.


Live-Action TV

  • The Doctor Who serial "The Mind of Evil" was inspired by the film. It features a machine that rehabilitates criminals by removing the will to commit evil.
  • When Malcolm McDowell hosted Saturday Night Live, he appeared in a sketch as Alex for the American Milk Association.
  • In "Contorno", the fifth episode of season 3 of Hannibal, the same section of Rossini's The Thieving Magpie was played on a record player during a fight between Jack Crawford and Hannibal Lecter in Florence, Italy. Executive producer Bryan Fuller described the scene as "a full-on homage to Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange" on Twitter.



  • David Bowie started most of his concerts during his Ziggy Stardust period with Beethoven's Ninth Symphony from the film's soundtrack, and used the film as inspiration for stage costumes during that time. Bowie's lyric "say droogie don’t crash here!" in the song "Suffragette City" referenced Alex's word for his friends, and many of the lyrics in the song "Girl Loves Me" from his last album, Blackstar, are in Nadsat.
  • John Bonham of Led Zeppelin wore an outfit similar to Alex's while touring in 1975.
  • New Order titled one of their songs "Ultra-Violence" on their album Power, Corruption & Lies.
  • The Ramones' album Too Tough To Die has a cover that homages the tunnel scene and one of the songs is named "Durango '95" after the car the Droogs steal.
  • The 1987 music video for "Welcome to the Jungle" by Guns N' Roses featured scenes of Axl Rose strapped in a chair with a brace on his forehead while watching stacked TVs with various images of violence and sex, much like the Ludovico technique.
  • Blur borrowed imagery from the film for the music video to their song "The Universal".
  • The title and music video of Rob Zombie's "Never Gonna Stop (The Red Red Kroovy)" were inspired by the film.
  • Kylie Minogue wore a white jumper and fake eyelashes, similar to Alex's, while performing on her 2001 Fever tour.
  • My Chemical Romance frontman Gerard Way occasionally dressed as Alex, and the band's 2010 album Danger Days: The True Lives of the Fabulous Killjoys was inspired by the film.
  • Lady Gaga used music from the film as entrance music during concerts in 2010.
  • Rihanna's outfit for her "You Da One" music video was inspired by the film.
  • Marilyn Manson dresses up as Alex DeLarge in his video "Tattooed in Reverse".
  • Argentine punk band Los Violadores titled one of their songs "Uno, dos, ultraviolento" ("One, Two, Ultraviolent" in Spanish), and the song itself seems to be written from Alex DeLarge's POV, even using the Nadsat slang.

Video Games

Western Animation

  • A Bug's Life features a dumb, brutish character named Dim.
  • The Simpsons contains frequent references to the film:
    • In "Dog of Death", Mr. Burns brainwashes Santa's Little Helper into being one of his attack dogs by using the Ludovico technique.
    • In "A Streetcar Named Marge", Bart compains of a pain in the gulliver.
    • In "Treehouse of Horror III", Bart dresses up as Alex.
    • In "Duffless", as a result of Lisa's electroshock therapy, Bart experiences difficulty in reaching for the cupcakes after dinner, in a manner similar to the effects of Alex's therapy; in particular, one shot parodies the film, with Bart looking up at the cupcakes on the table, in the same way Alex looks up to the actress' chest after his therapy.
    • In "Homer the Smithers", Mr. Burns falls out of a window in the same way that Alex attempts suicide. While recovering, he chews loudly and pausing his speech for Smithers to spoon-feed him
    • In "Treehouse of Horror XXI", at the end of a segment titled "Master and Cadaver", Maggie is seen wearing Alex's hat and eyelash. She drinks milk from her bottle with the film's theme song playing.
    • On October 19, 2014, the show parodied the film with a segment titled "A Clockwork Yellow" in the episode "Treehouse of Horror XXV".
  • There have been many references to the film on South Park (when asked to name something he considered a mind-altering work of art, Trey Parker said, "It's super cliché, but A Clockwork Orange really did fuck me up".)
    • In "201", Mitch Connor (Cartman's hand-puppet) pretends to be a black man and asks to use the telephone at someone's house.
    • In episode 206, "Coon 2: Hindsight", the scene where the Coon attacks the rest of his gang was reminiscent of the scene in which Georgie insists things be run in a "new way" that entails less power for Alex, who responds by attacking them while walking in order to re-establish his leadership.
  • In the Phineas and Ferb episode "Phineas and Ferb Get Busted!" (2009), the military school the boys are sent to after getting busted uses the Ludovico technique in order to stop Phineas and Ferb from using their imagination.
  • The introduction of the Dandies in Long Live the Royals spoofs the opening shot of the film.


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