I'll do it dreckly me 'andsome.
Ahh, Cornwall. Or Kernow in Cornish. A small county at the southern tip of The West Country, but also so much more than that.
Cornwall is known for sun (which comes as a surprise to its inhabitants), sea, tin mining, surf dudes, Cornish pasties, wrecking, cider, mining, granite, Cornish pasties, fishing, mining, farming, the Eden Project, a language few speak in real life, mining, Cornish pasties, and a dialect that is nigh-indechiperable to anyone from 'up country', otherwise known as England. Large stretches of coast, as well as Bodmin Moor, are protected as Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
With tin gone, fish gone and farming on wobbly territory, Cornwall thrives mostly on tourism and tourists, known locally as emmets. In fact, Cornwall is one of only four areas in the UK eligible for EU 'Objective One' funding: money given to poverty-stricken areas note . Ironically, in the June 23 2016 Brexit referendum, Cornwall voted to leave the EU by 56.5%, but then got desperate to keep the funding.
Cornish nationalists, relatively few in number and limited in actual political support, are fanatically proud of their Celtic heritage. Some of the more extreme nationalists occasionally burn down holiday homes, like their brethren in Wales, while the very concept of Cornish nationalism tends to be regarded as absolutely ridiculous (and hilarious) by anyone not from Cornwall. In any event, nationalists will insist Cornwall is a separate country or constituent- with England but not of it. Largely because it should be. Who says Wales gets all the fun?
Examples of famous/fictional people:
- The Duchy of Cornwall is the oldest dukedom in England, dating back to 1337. The title of Duke of Cornwall is held by the eldest legitimate son of the British monarch - but only if they are next in line of succession to the throne. Hence, Prince Charles is the present Duke of Cornwall among his other titles; his present wife, Camilla, primarily uses the title Duchess of Cornwall.
- King Charles I offered to elevate Cornwall to a kingdom during the English Civil War in return for support from Sir Bevil Grenville. Though this didn't happen, up until the Great Reform Act of 1832 Cornwall was ridiculously overrepresented in Parliament due to a corrupt practice of enfranchising boroughs where hardly anyone lived.
- Jethro: A stand up comedian, known for his politically incorrect jokes.
- Michael Adams, Britain's current #1 chess player, was born and brought up in Cornwall.
- King Arthur, maybe. Specifically, Arthur's mother Igraine was wife to Gorlois Duke of Cornwall. She was bedded by the disguised Uther Pendragon at Tintagel in Cornwall, leading to Arthur's birth.
- Daphne Du Maurier, author of Rebecca and other works, lived and died in Cornwall but was born in London.
- William Golding, author of Lord of the Flies.
- Cinque Izumi from Dog Days is half-Japanese and half-Cornish.
- Inspector Lynley, also the 8th Earl of Asherton, has the family seat, Howenstowe, in Cornwall, and thus grew up there. He and partner Barbara Havers visit the Lynleys in a couple of episodes, only to get tangled up in a local mystery each time.
- Ana Coppola from Strawberry Marshmallow is originally from Cornwall.
- Rory McGrath, comedian born and raised in Redruth, best known for appearing in They Think It's All Over
- Richard Trevithick, first man to build a moving locomotive.
- Richard D. James, prolific electronic musician. Has referred to Cornwall, its landmarks, and its dialect in several songs.
Media based in Cornwall:
- Arthur Christmas is set in Cornwall. (Specifically Mylor)
- The Birds by Daphne Du Maurier is set in Cornwall, of course the short story is eclipsed by the more famous movie of the same name by Alfred Hitchcock who moved it to California.
- The Camomile Lawn: focuses on holidays in Cornwall before and after the World War II.
- Doc Martin is set in a small fishing village somewhere Cornwall-ish and filmed in Cornwall.
- Echo Beach, a short running Soap Opera set in the fictional Cornish village "Polnarren".
- Frenchmans Creek: a novel set during the reign of Charles II following the love short of a noble English lady and a French Pirate who is terrorizing the Cornish coast.
- Jack the Giant Killer: The eponymous Jack is Cornish and he outwits and kills giants.
- Jesus. According to legend Jesus visited England (See And did those feet in ancient time a poem written by William Blake) stopping off at Cornwall to teach the locals how to smelt tin for the ore.
- Jamaica Inn, another story by Daphne Du Maurier, takes place in Cornwall is partly about people tricking ships to wreak themselves on the shores of Cornwall to steal their loot.
- King Lear takes place in Britain, with the kingdom divided between the Dukes of Cornwall and Albany. Most of Cornwall's scenes take place in Gloucester, which is located about 100 miles or more north of modern Cornwall, near the mouth of the River Severn on the English side, with the Severn serving as a natural boundary between England and Wales.
- The Plague of the Zombies a Hammer Horror Film set in a Cornish village.
- Gilbert and Sullivan's The Pirates of Penzance is based in Cornwall and features Cornish characters.
- The Pale Horseman, the second novel in Bernard Cornwell's Saxon Stories, has the Saxon protagonist Uhtred briefly visit Cornwall and get entangled in the local politics.
- The Poldark novels and TV series written by Winston Graham, who was himself Cornish.
- Wild West a Dawn French sitcom featuring "quirky" characters. Ms French herself lives in the region.
- Wycliffe, another TV drama series filmed in Cornwall. It was 1990s detective drama, based on the characters created by W.J. Burley who was Cornish himself.