Charles I (1600 1649) was son of James I and the second king of Great Britain from The House of Stuart. Many who first saw him thought that he would be an improvement over his father.
How wrong they were.
His antagonism of Parliament & the Church of England and his mishandling of rebellions in Scotland and Ireland sparked the English Civil War which would end in his execution and the setting up of the Protectorate under Oliver Cromwell.
Charles was a man of good moral character but his autocratic attitude and lack of personal warmth made him a lot of enemies. He remains one of the most controversial and tragic figures in British history.
The states of North & South Carolina were named after him ('Charles' in Latin is Carolus). Maryland is named after his queen Henrietta Maria (the story that this was a sly reference to the Virgin Mary by the province's Catholic proprietors is generally considered untrue).
Works related to Charles I:
- To Kill A King, played by Rupert Everett. He is, of course, the titular king.
- Played by Stephen Fry in Blackadder: The Cavalier Years. Fry based his portrayal of the king on his contemporary royal namesake, Prince Charles.
- In the first Captain Alatriste book, the titular captain is recruited to waylay and assassinate a couple of Englishmen travelling through Madrid. One of them turns out to be a young Charles, visiting Spain in secret to consider marrying the Infanta of Spain.
- A portrait of King Charles can be found in the dining hall of Downton Abbey.
- Portrayed by Alec Guinness in the 1970 film Cromwell, opposite Richard Harris.
- Plays a major role in 20 Years After, where the musketeers mount an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to save Charles' life at the behest of his wife, living more or less in exile in France. He gets a major Historical Hero Upgrade, being presented as the innocent victim of power-mad English commoners (the heroes of the book being aristocrats to various degrees, and French).