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Main characters (entire play)
Played by: Lin-Manuel Miranda, Javier Muñoz,note , Jevon McFerrinnote Jon Rua, Donald Webber Jr., Michael Luwoye note (OBC)The ten-dollar Founding Father without a father, Alexander Hamilton starts out as a penniless immigrant bastard but rises up in the ranks and becomes aide to George Washington himself. After the American Revolution, he becomes one of the most prominent politicians of the young United States, creating USA's financial system, writing in defense of the Constitution and founding the Federalist Party.
"There’s a million things I haven’t done but just you wait, just you wait…"
- Adorkable: He has his moments; see his uncharacteristic glee at being chosen for the Constitutional Convention.
- Ambition Is Evil: Played with. Hamilton is a heroic figure, but his ambition is either a virtue or a vice depending on the situation. Without it, he could have died penniless in the Caribbean at a young age, but it did almost destroy his career and personal life.
- Arc Words: His ambition and drive are evident in his catchphrases of "just you wait" (which contrasts with Burr's "willing to wait for it" attitude) and "not throwing away my shot" (which doubles as a nice bit of ironic Foreshadowing of his death in a duel).
- Bastard Angst: Hamilton's illegitimate birth did nothing to help his family's situation in the Caribbean and Burr's narration always makes sure to bring it up to emphasize the opposition Alexander faced on his rise to the top.
- Bi the Way: Somewhat confirmed via Word of God, Hamilton (in both real life and the musical) is speculated to be bisexual, as (historically) it has been rumored that Hamilton had an affair with John Laurens.
- Break the Haughty: Philip's death finally breaks Hamilton's boundless ambition, with "It's Quiet Uptown" detailing how just living a quiet life with his family is at last enough for him.I spend hours in the garden. I walk alone to the store. And it's quiet uptown. I never liked the quiet before.
- Broken Ace: While the story downplays some of his own insecurities, it's still evident that Alexander feels like he'll slip at any moment, often thinking about how he'll meet his end and whether he's good enough to leave a legacy behind. Historically, especially during the war, he faced many trying periods in his life. Take this excerpt from a letter written to Laurens shortly after announcing his betrothal.Hamilton: The truth is I am an unlucky honest man that speaks my sentiments to all and with emphasis. I say this to you because you know it and will not charge me with vanity. I hate congress—I hate the army—I hate the world—I hate myself. The whole is a mass of fools and knaves. I could almost except you and Richard Kidder Meade. Adieu.
- Character Development: He becomes more wary of his actions' consequences, and more humble. Not much, but still.
- The Charmer: He's very reliable with the LADIES!
- The Confidant: To his sister-in-law Peggy Schuyler, who starts to confide in him even before he marries Eliza.
- Create Your Own Villain: Repeatedly prods Aaron Burr over his indecisiveness, encouraging him to make a stand and do something with his life. Burr responds by running for Senate, defeating Hamilton's father-in-law for his seat, and setting off the rivalry that eventually ends in a Duel to the Death.
- Dark and Troubled Past: His childhood was the stuff of nightmares. Growing up poor with a financially ruined mother with a horrible ex-husband hounding her, Alexander was denounced as a bastard whore's child who saw all of his relatives die in front of him save his brother. Growing up in Nevis that historically had one of the most brutal death toles in slavery, constant attacks and fights with pirates, and greedy noblemen, not to mention surviving a hurricane, surviving the war was almost easy by comparison. For what the musical doesn't cover, you'll need a strong stomach.
- Determinator: Hamilton's most defining feature. He writes thousands of pages of work, becomes head of treasury at a very young age, and is one of the most influential people in American history - all thanks to his brains and sheer force of will.
- Disease Bleach: After Philip dies, the company notes that his hair has turned gray.
- Doting Parent: He's a very caring father, especially to his first-born, Philip. As one would expect, Alexander sinks into a deep depression over Philip's death.
- Do Wrong, Right: He might have had an affair and paid his mistress's blackmailing husband to stay quiet about it, but he kept his personal books balanced and didn't filch the Treasury to do so.
- Duel to the Death: In a case of Foregone Conclusion, he ends up dying in a duel of honor with Aaron Burr, a former friend of his.
- Fatal Flaw: Pride. His low origins make him extremely touchy where matters of honor and public opinion are concerned, which ultimately leads to his public fall from grace and, later, death. Also see It's All About Me, below.
- Friendless Background: He calls Burr his first friend and mentions that he's never had a group of friends before meeting Laurens, Mulligan, and Lafayette.
- Gold Digger: Downplayed. Angelica realizes that Hamilton is eager to marry a Schuyler sister in order to secure status and funds. Nevertheless, she knows their attraction to each other (as well as Hamilton's later courtship of Angelica's sister Eliza) is sincere.
- Hero with Bad Publicity: His public reputation is pretty much in shambles after he publishes his criticism of John Adams and the Reynolds Pamphlet.
- Heroic Bastard: As Burr never fails to remind us.Burr: How does a bastard, orphan, son of a whore and a Scotsman...
- Hot-Blooded: He's hotheaded, passionate, brilliant, and itching to prove himself.
- "I Want" Song: "Aaron Burr, Sir" and "My Shot," the former is about how he wants to succeed in life and be a part of something, while the latter is about what he envisions for America.
- Immigrant Patriotism: He was originally from the island of Nevis but is fiercely devoted to protecting and developing America. Despite his immigrant background being frequently brought up, he shows no loyalty or even fondness toward his homeland.
- Insufferable Genius: He's incredibly intelligent, but also inclined to demonstrate it at length, prompting the line "Why do you assume you're the smartest in the room?" Hamilton even admits that it makes him a less effective lawyer than Burr, because he always goes on and on to show off his smarts and Burr just gets to the point.
- It's All About Me:
- As a result of constantly trying to prove himself and win affirmation in the eyes of others, Hamilton is rather self-centered. Case in point; after he publishes the Reynolds Pamphlet and ruins his reputation, he automatically assumes Angelica has come from England to comfort him. Rather than, you know, her younger sister whom Hamilton has betrayed, cheated on and humiliated by the candid admission of his affair.
- Slightly subverted in that Hamilton prizes his intelligence so much he doesn't recognize his other qualities. He mentions that he wrote Eliza until she fell in love with him, but Eliza fell in love with him on sight, regardless of his intellect or wit. Ironically, Eliza's sister Angelica comes to fall in love with his wit and banter, and immediately regrets their strictly platonic relationship.
- In a mit of meta-brilliance, whenever Alexander sings his name in the musical, he does so in his own melody, usually clashing with whatever song is being performed at the moment - showing that he's headstrong, confident and a bit out of tune with everyone else.
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Hamilton is a brash know-it-all who doesn't care who he offends, but he cares deeply about his family, friends, and country.
- Jumped at the Call: He's desperate to prove himself, and knows full well that history has its eyes on him. During "Non-Stop", Washington starts making a lengthy apology for asking him to leave his family, but all Alexander wants to know is if he's going to be running the Treasury or State Department.
- Manipulative Bastard: The normally (overly) upfront and outspoken Hamilton can play the part of a wily politician if need be; "The Room Where It Happens" is a prime example of this, with Hamilton actually taking Burr's advice to "talk less, smile more".Burr: (disbelieving) You got more than you gave!
Hamilton: And I wanted what I got!
When you got skin in the game, you stay in the game,
And you don't get a win unless you're playing the game.
- Motor Mouth: He's not as fast-talking as Lafayette or Angelica (who both get the fastest rapping parts in the musical), but he is extremely verbose and prone to lapsing into hours-long speeches both on paper and off.
- Names to Run Away from Really Fast: He shares his name with the ancient Macedonian conqueror, and he has enough pride and ambition to deserve that name.
- Nice Job Breaking It, Hero!: Publishing the Reynolds Pamphlet saves Hamilton from accusations of treason, but ruins his marriage, his reputation, and leads to his son dying in a duel.
- No Social Skills: He has a touch of this in his first scene, when he meets Aaron Burr. His first lines to Burr can be summed up as, "Oh my God, you're an orphan? Me too! We have so much in common! Wow, I wish there was a war. By the way, I may have punched a friend of yours in the face for calling me stupid. Do you want to be my friend?" (Hey, it worked!) This can be chalked up to him never having had friends before. He gets much better, and is The Charmer when he's with women.
- Nouveau Riche: Only came into money after marrying Eliza and becoming Secretary of the Treasury. Jefferson takes digs at him because of this.Jefferson: He knows nothing of loyalty — smells like new money, dresses like fake royalty
Desperate to rise above his station, everything he does betrays the ideals of our nation.
- Obnoxious In-Laws: Averted. Alexander adores Eliza's family, since he lost his own family at a young age, and they all accept him with open arms. He's close to both his sisters-in-law and becomes furious when Burr takes his father-in-law's seat in the Senate.
- Parental Abandonment: His father left him when he was ten and his mother died of a severe illness two years later.
- Parental Love Song: Shares "Dear Theodosia" with Burr, in which they sing to their young children about how they'll make America a better place for them.
- Passive-Aggressive Kombat: While normally abrasive and overtly confrontational, Hamilton can on occasion engage in underhanded putdowns (especially where Burr is concerned; see the entirety of "Your Obedient Servant").
- Protagonist Title: The main character of the musical.
- Rags to Riches: At the start of the show, he's a penniless, illegitimate orphan from the Caribbean. By the time Act I ends, he's a well-off Secretary of Treasury. (Marrying into a fabulously rich family definitely helped with the "well-off" part). (Of course, he ends Act II dead, and — though not mentioned — also in debt).
- Red Oni, Blue Oni: The hotheaded, fast-talking, war-loving red oni to Burr's more pragmatic and slow to anger blue oni.
- Sanity Slippage Song:
- He becomes increasingly frantic throughout "The World Was Wide Enough", in which he is fatally shot by Burr.
- At least one blogger noted the similarities between "Hurricane" and a PTSD episode.
- Social Climber: As Jefferson quips, the penniless, immigrant Hamilton is "desperate to rise above his station". See Gold Digger, above.
- Son of a Whore: Actually referenced by trope name in the show's opening number (and many numbers after). Subverted in that his mother was not actually a prostitute, but rather spent time in prison for "prostitution" (i.e. having relationships out of wedlock).
- Too Much Information: Long-winded already in his writings and law practice, it takes a dark turn when he fully reveals the details of the Reynolds affair to the public. Even Thomas Jefferson is stunned.
- Tragic Bromance: Hamilton's closest friend, John Laurens, dies in a meaningless post-war skirmish; his death signals a shift in tone for the second act and prompts Hamilton to work even harder.
- Vitriolic Best Buds: With Burr, for most of the show.
- What Beautiful Eyes!: Both Angelica and Eliza fawn over his lovely eyes.
- When You Coming Home, Dad?: He has phenomenal work ethic - to the detriment of his personal life. See Workaholic, below.
- Workaholic: "Take a Break" is Eliza lamenting over how he devotes more time to his duties as Secretary of the Treasury than to her and their children.
- "Non-Stop" lays the foundation for this tendency of his, but the real origin of it is "Tomorrow There'll Be More Of Us", where Hamilton receives word that John Laurens was killed in a pointless skirmish after the war had already ended, and he realizes how much more there is to do and how quickly his life could be snuffed out.
- Worthy Opponent: Despite their mutual acrimony, and even before his death, Jefferson sees him as this. After Hamilton textually curbstomps John Adams (who is on Hamilton's side), Madison is gleeful, but Jefferson is still wary.Jefferson: Hamilton is a host unto himself. As long as he can hold a pen he's a threat.
- Your Cheating Heart: The center of the very first sex scandal in America, of course.
- You're Not My Father: Hamilton has a fight with Washington, his mentor and father figure, and reacts badly whenever Washington calls him "son". This is likely due to Hamilton's issues with his actual father, who abandoned him when he was ten.
Aaron Burr, Jr.
Played by: Leslie Odom, Jr., Brandon Victor Dixon (OBC)One of Hamilton's political rivals and for the most part, the narrator of the musical. Burr and Hamilton begin the story as good friends, but Burr's political ambitions and lack of strong beliefs drive a wedge in their relationship. Burr eventually gets elected as the third Vice President of the United States after losing to Jefferson.
"Talk less. Smile more. Don't let them know what you're against or what you're for."
- All-Knowing Singing Narrator: Burr acts as this; his "bastard, orphan, son of a whore" line (and variations thereof) is used to segue into the next segment of the story. He has some limitations however, usually reflecting gaps in historians' knowledge. Eliza takes over the narration at the end.
- Ambition Is Evil: As with Hamilton himself, this is played with. Late in the play, Burr proclaims that he wants to be in "the room where it happens" but still does not espouse any strong principles as he throws himself into politics — he seems to want power for the sake of having it.
- Anonymous Killer Narrator: The opening number is sung by show's whole cast, and the end of the song reveals their relations to the title character. The last one to describe himself, and the one who narrates throughout the show, is none other than Aaron Burr.And me? I'm the damn fool that shot him!
- Antagonist in Mourning: He really regrets killing Hamilton, even referring to himself as a fool for having done so. Most of the end of "The World Was Wide Enough" is Burr bemoaning the fact that he killed Hamilton, when really neither of them needed to die, and how he'll forever be painted a villain for this mistake. Unfortunately this is a departure from reality; in real life, even close friends of Burr were notably disturbed by his seeming lack of remorse or reaction after shooting Hamilton.
- Anti-Villain: He gets a much more positive portrayal here than he does elsewhere. The show establishes that he's a complicated, conflicted man with admirable qualities and often highlights the fact that he and Hamilton are Not So Different. Arguably this play is the most positive portrayal of Burr that remains accessible to the average person.
- Arc Words: "Talk less, smile more" and "Wait/Waiting", demonstrating his caution and lack of decisiveness.
- Break the Haughty: Shooting Hamilton in a duel and realizing too late that Hamilton had no intention of shooting him finally breaks Burr's ambitions for power.I was too young and blind to see. I should have known, I should have known the world was wide enough, for both Hamilton and me.
- The Charmer: Like Hamilton, he's a bit of a ladies's man. At one point, he tries to hit on Angelica and fails rather spectacularly. He puts this to good use in the 1800 elections.Burr: Ladies, tell your husbands Vote for Burr!
- Color-Coded for Your Convenience: During the opening number, the entire company (including Hamilton) is dressed in off-white - with the single exception of Burr, who's dressed in black. This makes him stand out as the play's narrator, marks him as the antagonist (and an Antagonist in Mourning at that).
- Compliment Backfire: He tries to praise Washington's evasive strategies when they meet. Washington hates being forced to evade and flee all the time and wants someone who has an idea of how to not fight that way, so he dismisses Burr.
- Deadpan Snarker: Of course, when you consider he's surrounded by the likes of Hamilton, Laurens, Mulligan, Lafayette, Jefferson, and Madison for most of the show... you'd be snarky, too.
- Deuteragonist: To Hamilton's protagonist, and their differences fuel much of the conflict in the second act.
- Doting Parent: He adores his daughter Theodosia and only wants the best for her. His greatest fear during his duel with Hamilton is that his daughter will be orphaned and alone if he dies. (Historically, Burr was known to have supported the idea of women's equality and gave Theodosia an excellent education.)
- Establishing Character Moment: The cautious, noncommittal Burr gets a brilliant establishing first line:Hamilton: Pardon me — are you Aaron Burr, sir?Burr: That depends. Who's asking?
- Et Tu, Brute?: Burr is shocked to learn that Hamilton supported Jefferson's bid for president instead of his, especially considering he and Hamilton had been on good terms and Hamilton had always hated Jefferson.
- Exact Words: When asked how he graduated from Princeton so quickly, he replies "It was my parents' dying wish before they passed." Hamilton assumes that, like him, Burr was motivated by their death to prove himself. In the Hamiltome, Lin-Manuel points out that Burr is neglecting to mention his father was the president of the college, which puts a new spin on Burr's words.
- Fatal Flaw: His lack of decisiveness makes it hard for people to know what he stands for, or to trust him.
- Burr shows he's ready to follow Washington, but Washington needs someone to give him ideas and relieve the burden of the Revolution. Hamilton offers his talents and those of his friends as well to Washington, leading him to be Washington's "Right Hand Man."
- When having to choose between Burr and Jefferson, Hamilton admits while Jefferson isn't a friend, that at least Jefferson has ideals, while Burr seems to have none but what he thinks will give him power.
- Foil: To Hamilton. Hamilton wrote his way up the ranks and has no legacy to protect, Burr feels the need to protect his parents' legacy. Hamilton is a passionate go-getter not afraid to show his ambition, Burr prefers to stay cool and quiet about his chances.
- Fourth-Wall Observer: He knows the audience is there and talks to them for most of the show. Sometimes other characters join in for a moment.
- The Friend Nobody Likes: Hamilton likes him enough, but doesn't like that Burr lacks resolve. Everyone else doesn't care for him though - Laurens, Lafayette, and Mulligan actively tease him, with Lafayette noting, "You are the worst, Burr..." upon his appearance at Hamilton's wedding.
- In Act II, nobody cares for him at all - Hamilton is pissed Burr took his father-in-law's seat in the Senate and even though they all worked together to confront Hamilton about his affair, Madison and Jefferson can't stand him and openly taunt him once he loses the election to Jefferson. Jefferson even goes so far as to change the policy regarding how the Vice President is chosen (although Burr still serves as VP for the first term of Jefferson's Presidency).
- Hammy Herald:
- For Washington in "Right Hand Man," in which he announces Washington's arrival in a pro wrestling-announcer manner, interspersed with the company's excited "Here comes the general!"Burr: Ladies and gentlemen! The moment you've been waiting for! The pride of Mount Vernon! GEOOOOOORGE WASHINGTON!
- For Lafayette in "Guns and Ships," before Lafayette goes off on a very fast tangent about his military exploits.Burr: EVERYONE GIVE IT UP FOR AMERICA'S FAVORITE FIGHTIN' FRENCHMAN!
- For Washington in "Right Hand Man," in which he announces Washington's arrival in a pro wrestling-announcer manner, interspersed with the company's excited "Here comes the general!"
- Heel–Face Revolving Door: Starts off as Hamilton's friend, even if they disagree on some things. Then he changes parties to run against Hamilton's father in law. This pisses Hamilton off, but Burr still wants to remain friends, and for the most part, they seem to be on good terms. Then Burr aligns himself with Jefferson and Madison, and helps them confront Hamilton, which leads to the Reynolds Pamphlet being published, which in itself leads to Hamilton's personal life and career being ruined. However, the two are still friendly during the Election of 1800, Burr saying that he's chasing what he wants because of what he's learned from Hamilton... and then Hamilton endorses Jefferson over him, and says Burr has no principles. Then Burr decides Hamilton's the reason he's failed, and the two exchange some polite-but-scathing letters, each accusing the other of being at fault. Then, Burr shoots him. But it's clear he wishes he hadn't and genuinely regrets it. Jeez.
- "I Am" Song: "Wait For It", in which he explains his backstory and overall worldview.
- "I Want" Song: "The Room Where it Happens" is this for him, where he reveals his desire to have a high political position. (Unusually for an "I Want" Song - but appropriately enough for the indecisive, secretive Burr - "The Room Where It Happens" comes late in the show, about halfway through the second act, with Burr's motives having been obscured before that. Even more than that, the song itself isn't revealed to be an "I Want" Song until about 4 minutes into the 5 minute song!)
- Interactive Narrator: Other characters occasionally chime in, though.
- Mr. Exposition: Comes with the territory of All-Knowing Singing Narrator; especially after timeskips where he contextualizes the current happenings.
- My God, What Have I Done?: Admits in the very first song that he regrets shooting Hamilton; after he actually does it he yells out "Wait!" as if immediately regretting doing so. In the Where Are They Now epilogue, he admits this outright.
- Not So Different: Foil to Hamilton he may be, but Burr and Hamilton still share a few things — their orphanhood and their fierce devotion to their children.
- O.O.C. Is Serious Business: By the end of "Your Obedient Servant", he's resorted to using terse, barely-worded sentences that are Punctuated! For! Emphasis!.
- Papa Wolf: He'd do anything for his daughter, Theodosia.
- Parental Abandonment: His mother and father both died when he was young. He completed school in record time because it was their dying wish.
- Parental Love Song: Shares "Dear Theodosia" with Hamilton, in which they sing to their young children about how they'll make America a better place for them.
- Passive-Aggressive Kombat: Eager to avoid outright confrontation, Burr uses this as his preferred method of taking people down.
- Phrase Catcher: "Aaron Burr, sir". It even happens when he introduces himself.
- Red Oni, Blue Oni: The pragmatic and slow to anger blue oni to Hamilton's hotheaded, fast-talking, confrontational red oni.
- The Resenter: Increasingly so over the second act over Hamilton's political prowess. Interestingly, the only time he directly competes with Hamilton for a position, he shows relatively little ill-will when he is passed over. It's only after his failed bid for president that he gets murderous.
- Rival Turned Evil: Despite butting heads politically several times, Hamilton and Burr remained relatively amiable until Burr found out that Hamilton endorsed his opponent, Jefferson, in "The Election of 1800". At this point, Burr becomes Hamilton's enemy.
- Sanity Slippage Song: He becomes increasingly frantic throughout "The World Was Wide Enough", in which he shoots Hamilton.
- Vitriolic Best Buds: With Hamilton, for most of the show.
- We Used to Be Friends: Although their fundamental differences showed early on in their friendship, they don't really conflict until Hamilton endorses Jefferson for the position of president.
Eliza Schuyler Hamilton
Elizabeth "Eliza" Schuyler Hamilton
Played by: Phillipa Soo, Lexi Lawson (OBC)Middle daughter of wealthy general Philip Schuyler, Eliza is sweeter and more passive than her older sister Angelica, but falls for Hamilton just as easily. Eliza goes through a lot as Hamilton's wife, but is still fiercely loyal and self-possessed, eventually ending the story as keeper of her husband's legacy.
"So long as you come home at the end of the day — that would be enough".
- Arc Words: "Helpless," her adoration for Hamilton. But it eventually comes to mean helpless to keep him with her, and helpless when he reveals he had an affair by writing a public pamphlet.
- Beware the Nice Ones: Eliza's a sweetheart, but holy shit she is scary when she's mad. Want proof? Listen to (or watch) "Burn."
- Big "NO!": In "Stay Alive (Reprise)" upon seeing Philip dying.
- Break the Cutie: Eliza gets this hard by "The Reynolds Pamphlet," after her husband cheats on her. Then it gets worse.
- Character Development: Eliza becomes more mature and grounded, as well as more assertive and proactive over the course of the show. Compare her line, "Let me be a part of a narrative" in "That Would Be Enough" to her line in "Burn", "I'm erasing myself from the narrative", and to her line in the finale, "I put myself back in the narrative."
- Character Title: She's still Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, after all. Likely the reason the show is titled Hamilton instead of Alexander Hamilton, because Elizabeth is just as important as Alexander is.
- Come Back to Bed, Honey: The more-or-less chaste variant — in "Best Of Wives And Best Of Women", Elizabeth gently tries to persuade Hamilton to give his writing a rest and come back to their bed. But Hamilton has a meeting at dawn to prepare for, so she goes back to bed alone.
- Determined Widow: It's revealed in "Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Tells Your Story?" that after Hamilton's death, Eliza spent the rest of her life keeping his memory alive and performing good deeds in his name: interviewing his brothers-in-arms from the war, organizing and studying his writings, raising funds for the Washington Monument, speaking out against slavery, and establishing the first private orphanage in New York City. One could write a play about her life just as easily as her husband's.
- The Hecate Sisters: She is the loving and loyal Mother to Angelica's Crone and Peggy's Maiden.
- The Ingenue: Starts off as this; she's wealthy, lovestruck, and naive. This changes after Hamilton slights her and she loses her eldest son.
- Love at First Sight: Starts making heart eyes at Hamilton almost as soon as she sees him.
- Marry for Love: Eliza, as the second daughter of a wealthy statesman, is free to marry the penniless Alexander. (By contrast, Angelica, as the oldest daughter, is supposed to marry well, resulting in a Marriage of Convenience to a man she finds rather dull).
- My Girl Back Home: She's this to Hamilton while the latter is away fighting in the revolution. He's openly shocked when she reveals she's pregnant, and Eliza and their unborn child become major motivators for him.
- Nice Girl: In the words of Angelica, "You will never find anyone as trusting or as kind." She's no pushover, as we see in "Burn", but in general she is very sweet, loyal, and loving. This is probably why she never raps in the play; its aggressive nature just isn't characteristic of her. (A characterization that runs counter to history, since the real Eliza's contemporaries described her as aggressive and impulsive.)
- Outliving One's Offspring: She outlives Phillip.
- Parental Substitute: After Hamilton dies, Eliza starts an orphanage, taking care of hundreds of children who like Hamilton started out with nothing.
- Proper Lady: Eliza is a wife, a mother, very domestic, and very intelligent and sweet — the ideal for upper class women at the time.
- Red Oni, Blue Oni: The sweet and demure blue oni to Angelica's outspoken and opinionated red oni. This is even reflected by their costumes: Eliza's dress is pale blue, while Angelica's dress is pink (i.e. a shade of red).
- Silk Hiding Steel: A beautiful, kind, soft-spoken woman who is delicate and ladylike, but not a pushover and able to hold her own against the louder, more demanding characters in the show? Eliza fits the trope almost word-for-word.
- True Blue Femininity: She frequently wears blue gowns to emphasize her genteel personality.
- Uptown Girl: Eliza comes from a wealthy family while Alexander is an orphan who had to work his way up.
- What the Hell, Hero?: "Burn" is essentially a whole song of Eliza doing this to Hamilton, though he's not actually there.
Angelica Schuyler Church
Played by: Renee Elise Goldsberry (OBC)Eldest daughter of Philip Schuyler, fierce, charming Angelica wants nothing more than an intelligent man with whom she can match wits, and is thus easily attracted to Hamilton. But she loves her family more than anything else, and sets him up with Eliza instead.
"I've been reading 'Common Sense' by Thomas Paine. Some men think that I'm intense or I'm insane. You want a revolution? I want a revelation, so listen to my declaration. 'We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal'. And when I meet Thomas Jefferson, I'ma compel him to include women in the sequel!"
- Arc Words: "Satisfied" — at first, it refers to her and Alexander's shared restlessness and attraction, but she later throws it in his face when she learns about the Reynolds pamphlet.
- Big Sister Instinct: Do not hurt Eliza if you know what's good for you.
- Commuting on a Bus: Leaves for England at the end of Act 1, but returns to the US several times during Act II
- The Confidant: To Hamilton, who often vents out his feelings in their personal correspondence. (This was historically true, as well).
- Cool Big Sis: The outgoing and vivacious older sister to the more passive Eliza and Peggy.
- Dude Magnet: She's gorgeous, intelligent, witty, kind, and wealthy, to boot — so naturally, Angelica has no issue attracting guys wherever she goes.
- The Dutiful Son: In "Satisfied", she acknowledges that as the eldest daughter in a family with no sons she has to marry well for the sake of the family, regardless of her personal feelings. It's one of the reasons she gives up her courtship with Alexander. Since Eliza is younger, there's not as much pressure on her to marry someone wealthy and well-connected.note
- Friend Versus Lover: Averted. While she's briefly torn between loyalty for her best friend and little sister, Eliza, and her love for Hamilton, it doesn't take her long to choose Eliza, willing to do anything to make her happy.
- Has a Type: She wants "a mind at work", a man who can engage with her intellectually. The first thing that draws her to Alexander is the intelligence in his eyes. Sadly, she ends up having to marry for money, not brains.
- The Hecate Sisters: Angelica is the smart, sharp-tongued, and wise Crone to Eliza's Mother and Peggy's Maiden.
- I Want My Beloved to Be Happy: Angelica has an interesting variation on this; it's Eliza's happiness she's more concerned with, not Hamilton's.
- "I Want" Song: Her segment in "The Schuyler Sisters" details what she's looking for in a man and how she's excited for the intellectual revolution that will come with the uprising.
- Marriage of Convenience: She resigns herself to marrying a wealthy but boring man instead of her beloved Alexander, though her husband at least seems to treat her well.
- Motor Mouth: Her fast-paced rap in "Satisfied", which has a rhythm similar to Nicki Minaj's "Super Bass."
- Red Oni, Blue Oni: The opinionated and passionate red oni to Eliza's quiet and demure blue oni.
- Spirited Young Lady: She's definitely a lady, but she's also very intelligent, opinionated, and able to hold her own against Hamilton. In contrast, her little sister Eliza is more of a Proper Lady.
- Stepford Smiler: During Alexander and Eliza's wedding, because she's in love with Alexander too but wants her sister to be happy.
- Thicker Than Water: Angelica prioritizes her sister Eliza above all else, even above her own feelings for Hamilton.
- What the Hell, Hero?: She really lays into Hamilton after the Reynolds pamphlet. Her Cut Song "Congratulations" is a full-on "The Reason You Suck" Speech, two minutes and fifteen seconds of her calling him a complete moron not just for outing the affair himself, but for hurting Eliza so terribly and that he'd better make sure any future "sacrifice" he makes is on her behalf.
Played by: Christopher Jackson (OBC)Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution and eventual first President of the United States, Washington is a man admired even by King George for his authoritativeness and leadership. Becomes something of a father figure to Hamilton, as well as his primary political supporter.
"I know that we can win. I know that greatness lies in you. But remember from here on in: history has its eyes on you."
- Arc Words: "History has its eyes on you."
- As the Good Book Says: Quotes Micah 4:4, "everyone shall sit under their own vine and fig tree, and no one shall make them afraid"note to back up his argument for stepping away from power.
- But Now I Must Go: He retires from politics after "One Last Time," believing that it will be the best way for the country to move forward and live up to the ideals of electing their own leaders.
- Cincinnatus: He retires after two terms as President and returns to Mount Vernon, even though he still had widespread popular support.
- A Father to His Men: Beloved by his young soldiers as a caring and fatherly general. Only Hamilton seems to take issue with the idea.
- Four-Star Badass: A general at the beginning of the musical, and a hands-on badass.
- Humble Hero: Washington is acutely aware of his flaws but always tries to do what's best for the nation. In "Right Hand Man" he's uncomfortable with his Memetic Badass reputation because he knows he doesn't live up to the hype. Later, in "One Last Time", he includes in his farewell address an apology to the country for all the mistakes he made as president.
- Leitmotif: "Here comes the Gen-a-RAL!"
- Only Sane Man: He seems to be the only character that can keep his head screwed on right at all times. As such, he's easily frustrated by petty infighting.
- O.O.C. Is Serious Business: Musically speaking. Most of his lines are traditional singing to fit his dignified image. But when he's frustrated and angry (eg with his shambles of an army in "Right Hand Man") he falls into rapping.
- Parental Substitute: Washington for Hamilton.note Although Hamilton is decidedly ambivalent about having a father-figure. Jefferson later uses this to taunt Hamilton.
- Passing the Torch: When he steps down as president, handing power over to John Adams — much to everyone's surprise.
- Reasonable Authority Figure: George Washington is a very benevolent leader.
- Supporting Leader: Of the American army, and later the fledgling United States.
- Worthy Opponent: In "I Know Him", King George is surprised that Washington is stepping down, and seems to lament that it will be impossible to replace him, as there's on one else in the country who looms so large.
King George III
Played by: Jonathan Groff, Andrew Rannells (OBC)King of Britain at the time of the Revolution, George has pretty pointed opinions of the Revolution and its aftermath.
"What comes next? You've been freed. Do you know how hard it is to lead?"
- Air Quotes: He uses very exaggerated ones in the live version of "I Know Him."There's nobody else in their "country" that looms quite as large...
- Aside Glance: He grins at the audience when he finds out John Adams will be the next president. The messenger who informs him does this, too, before the king rudely shoos him offstage so he can sing alone.That poor man, they're going to eat him alive!
- Evil Laugh: Gets a wonderfully over-the-top (and rather ridiculous) laugh at the end of "I Know Him." This could be a reference to his infamous descent into insanity late in life.King George: President John Adams? ...Good luck!
- Jerkass Has a Point: King George is right to predict that America is going to have a lot of difficulty trying to adjust to leadership on its own.King George: It's much harder when it's all your call.
- Large Ham: Stands out, because he's the only character to have big Broadway showstopper numbers structured like Britpop (as opposed to the rap and R&B songs that make up most of the play). Additionally, his songs are all sung alone (except for when he has to ask the company to sing with him), isolating him even more and allowing more emphasis on how hammy he is. He's also never shown coming to America, meaning he's only singing to the Colonials in spirit.
- Minor Character, Major Song: Three major songs. King George has nothing to do, plot-wise, but he gets some show-stopping numbers.
- Pass the Popcorn: He eagerly looks forward to watching the chaos that's sure to ensue following America getting a new president, and even pulls up a chair on the side of the stage. so he can get a good view.
- Plucky Comic Relief: From his mostly simplistic rhymes, to his flashy royal clothing, to his borderline childish lyrics, to his immaturely degrading and insulting America, to the overall tacky nature of his numbers, just about everything King George says and does is played for laughs in an otherwise serious piece about the rise and fall of a Founding Father.
- Psychopathic Manchild: He shows unbridled enthusiasm and glee at the thought of America descending into chaos and violence once Washington steps down, as if he were a kid getting ready to watch his favorite sporting event.
- Requisite Royal Regalia: Crown and ermine cape.
- Something Completely Different: In a musical stuffed with fast-paced rap and R&B songs, Jonathan Groff belts out British Invasion-style top 40s pop songs.
- Stealth Pun: King George's numbers mimic the music of the British Invasion because a British invasion of the Colonies is exactly what the king wants.
- Sympathy for the Hero: Not that John Adams is portrayed as a hero by any stretch, but George does seem to have a bit of (admittedly backhanded) sympathy towards Adams when George hears that Adams will replace Washington as president.King George: I know him / That can't be!
That's that... little guy who spoke to me
All those years ago / What was it? '85?
That poor man, they're going to eat him alive!
- Token White: Invoked. The casting specifically calls for nonwhite actors to play all the other principals and a specifically Caucasian actor to play King George. While the rest of the soundtrack is a fusion of hip-hop, R&B, and soul, King George's numbers are slick, processed Britpop, sort of like if Simon Cowell were managing The Beatles. This reinforces the idea that the Colonies and the old country have grown too far apart.
- Villain Love Song: "You'll Be Back", on an international scale (see Yandere, below, for details).
- Won the War, Lost the Peace: Seems to think this will happen to the United States after they win the Revolutionary War. He's wrong, of course.
- Yandere: Seems to view the colonies as deluded lovers who will eventually return to him.George: When you're gone / I'll go mad
So don't throw away this thing we had
'Cause when push comes to shove
I will kill your friends and family
To remind you of my love.
Main characters (first act only)
Played by: Anthony Ramos (OBC)A soldier and statesman from a wealthy family who serves as one of Washington's aides-de-camp. Hamilton's best friend.The role of Laurens is double-cast with Philip, Alexander and Eliza's eldest son.
"And we'll never be truly free until those in bondage have the same rights as you and me."
- Ambiguously Gay: A growing number of historians believe that Hamilton and Laurens had a romantic or sexual relationship, a possibility alluded to by Ron Chernow in the biography on which the show was based. While Lin-Manuel Miranda has confirmed that the musical's Hamilton is bisexual, many fans believe that Laurens was homosexual.note
- Birth/Death Juxtaposition: Just after Hamilton finishes a wistful song about his son Philip's birth, Hamilton (as well as Lafayette and Mulligan) receives news that Laurens was killed in a post-war skirmish.
- Best Friend: Of Hamilton's True Companions, Laurens was the friend he was closest to (though he might have been more than just a friend).
- Deadpan Snarker: The "I'm satisfied," after having shot Lee during their duel reeks of this.
- The Heart: The most optimistic and upbeat (if not somewhat brash) of Hamilton and his friends in Act I.
- Honor Before Reason: Really, this could apply to all of the duels that takes place over the course of the musical (as well as many duels in history that carried out this way), but Laurens' duel with Lee is notable because despite the knowledge that they had just lot a sizeable chunk of their forces, Laurens and Hamilton still choose to engage Lee in a duel and risk another loss to the army after the latter insults Washington.
- Hot-Blooded: Laurens and Lee fight the first of the three duels in the show.
- Killed Offscreen: Hamilton is given a letter reporting his death at the end of Act I. (In Act II, his actor goes on to play Philip Hamilton.)
- Shoo Out the Clowns: He, Lafayette, and Mulligan, who are responsible for many lighthearted moments in the show, are all gone by the end of Act I, right before Hamilton's life snowballs into a shitshow. As noted above, Laurens was killed in combat during a post-war skirmish. Outside of the context of the story, his actor goes on to play Philip Hamilton in Act II.
- Tenor Boy: Young, idealistic, and one of the two tenors in a cast of baritenors.
- Tragic Bromance: Laurens is Hamilton's closest friend, and his death signals a shift in tone for the second act and prompts Hamilton to work even harder to avoid confronting the loss.
- Values Resonance: Laurens, in-universe and in real life, was a committed abolitionist.
Marquis de Lafayette
Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier (Marquis De Lafayette)
Played by: Daveed Diggs (OBC)A French nobleman living in America who is instrumental in obtaining French aid for the rebels, turning the tide of the war in their favor. One of Hamilton's closest friends before he returns to France.The role of Lafayette is double-cast with Thomas Jefferson.
"I came from afar just to say 'Bonsoir!' Tell the King 'Casse toi!' Who's the best? C'est moi!"
- The Ace: He brings in French support and is a brilliant tactician in his own right, saves the Battle of Monmouth from being a total disaster, and runs circles around the British. No wonder Burr calls him "America's favorite fighting Frenchman." He also compares himself to Lancelot, who was also The Ace.
- Badass Boast: "Who's the best? C'est moi!" He also details his numerous exploits in "Guns and Ships".
- Badass in Distress: Historically, Lafayette would be imprisoned in France for siding with the people during France's political turnovers, in part due to Hamilton advocating not to assist a country without a leader. Hamilton notes, "Lafayette's a smart man, he'll be fine," and Lafayette did survive, but that's about all that could be said for him after what he endured.
- Big Damn Heroes: Suddenly showing up with the French fleet, turning the tide of the war.
- Gratuitous French: His lines in "Aaron Burr (Sir)" and "My Shot," including one with the stereotypical "How you say?"Lafayette: Oui oui, mon ami, je m'appelle Lafayette! note
- Motor Mouth: The verse he spits out in "Guns and Ships" is faster than Angelica's verse in "Satisfied", and "Guns and Ships" as a whole is one of the fastest Broadway songs on record. (Note that his actor raps that fast while adopting a French accent and jumping around onstage.)
- Only Known by Their Nickname: Lafayette is ONLY referred to as Lafayette throughout the musical, but this isn't even his name, it's a title. The use of his nickname is perfectly justified though, since most everyone, including the French, refers to him as Lafayette, and his real namenote is rather long.
- Poirot Speak: Though he speaks English well, he seems to enjoy switching to French to artistically emphasize a point.
- Put on a Bus: Lafayette returns to France after America wins the revolution, and remained fairly prominent in history afterwards. This is so his actor can play Thomas Jefferson. note
- Shoo Out the Clowns: He, Laurens, and Mulligan, who are responsible for many lighthearted moments in the show, are all gone by the end of Act I, right before Hamilton's life snowballs into a shitshow. Historically, Lafayette returned to France. Outside of the context of the story, his actor goes on to play Thomas Jefferson in Act II.
- The Smart Guy: Fits this role within Hamilton's friends, and boy, the play never lets us forget it.
Lafayette: (about Hamilton) No one has more resilience or matches my practical tactical brilliance!
- During Guns and Ships:
Hamilton: Lafayette's a smart man, he'll be fine!
- During Cabinet Battle #2:
Played by: Okieriete Onaodowan (OBC)Another of Hamilton's close friends (and a fellow immigrant), Mulligan is a gifted tailor and spirited conversationalist who charms intelligence out of British officers and feeds it to the rebels.The role of Mulligan is double-cast with James Madison.
"Yo, I'm a tailor's apprentice and I got y'all knuckleheads in loco parentis. I'm joining the rebellion cause I know it's my chance to socially advance, instead of sowing some pants."
- Badass Boast: Hercules Mulligan's entire verse in "Yorktown (The World Turned Upside Down)"."We're in the shit now and somebody's gotta shovel it
Hercules Mulligan, I need no introduction
When you knock me down, I get the FUCK BACK UP AGAIN!"
- The Big Guy: He's the toughest, most rugged member of the group.
- Boisterous Bruiser: An excellent fighter who's very loud, extroverted, and fun to be around.
- Chekhov's Gunman: Mulligan drops out of the story during "Stay Alive," just as the war is getting off the ground, with a brief reference to going back to his apprenticeship as a tailor. While Lafayette, Hamilton, and Washington throw their efforts into the war, Mulligan isn't mentioned again until "Yorktown (The World Turned Upside Down)," which reveals that he's been their spy on the inside the whole time.
- Composite Character: Sort of. Hercules Mulligan definitely existed (and was a badass), but he was never on Washington's staff. Mulligan is sort of a composite of other aides who were close friends of Hamilton (Richard Kidder Meade, Tench Tilghman, Robert Hanson Harrison, James McHenry, etc.)
- Fighting Irish: An immigrant like Hamilton and Lafayette.
- Hero of Another Story: While Hamilton, Laurens, Lafayette and Washington are busy in the field, Mulligan is hard at work as a spy in New York; while it isn't mentioned in the show, he also worked with the Culper Ring, Washington's spy network.
- Lovable Sex Maniac: He boasts about his sex life in "Aaron Burr, Sir" and is definitely one of the most fun characters in the show.
- Parental Substitute: Mulligan says that he stands in loco parentis for Hamilton, Laurens, and Lafayette.
- Put on a Bus: He's not present in the second act, like the other Act I double-cast characters, so his actor can play Madison.
- Real Men Wear Pink: He's the flower guy at Hamilton and Eliza's wedding.
- Reverse Mole: He works as a spy smuggling British intelligence to the Continental army, which becomes instrumental in the American victory at Yorktown.
- Shoo Out the Clowns: He, Laurens, and Lafayette, who are responsible for many lighthearted moments in the show, are all gone by the end of Act I, right before Hamilton's life snowballs into a shitshow. Historically, Mulligan humbly settled after the war and his tailoring business prospered. Outside of the context of the story, his actor goes on to play James Madison in Act II.
- Sir Swears-a-Lot: Has the foulest mouth out of any of the Act I characters.
- Team Dad: Is quite a bit older than the rest of the Revolutionary Set, and says he has them "in loco parentis".
Margarita "Peggy" Schuyler
Played by: Jasmine Cephas Jones (OBC)The youngest of the Schuyler sisters shown on stage. The role of Peggy is double-cast with Maria Reynolds.
"Daddy said to be home by sundown![...] Daddy said not to go downtown!"
- The Baby of the Bunch: She's the youngest of her sisters and is portrayed as an innocent, cheerful maiden. When she tries to stop Angelica and Eliza from disobeying their father, Eliza merely says she can go home by herself if she wants to, and Peggy decides to go along with them.
- The Cutie: She's one of the most light-hearted characters in the play. Even more so than Eliza, who undergoes Break the Cutie-induced character development in Act II.
- Daddy's Girl: Implied. Of the three sisters, Peggy's the most concerned with doing what their father told them to do, and openly expresses dismay that he wants to go to war, probably fearing he'll get hurt.
- The Hecate Sisters: Peggy is the naive Maiden to Angelica's Crone and Eliza's Mother.
- My Friends... and Zoidberg: Being the least historically relevant of the three Schuyler sisters, she often forces her way into the conversation:Angelica: "Angelica!"
Peggy: "...and Peggy!"
- Out of Focus: Unlike her sisters, Peggy doesn't get a significant character arc and doesn't even appear in the second act (which has some historical basis - the real Peggy died three years prior to Hamilton).
- Put on a Bus: Like the rest of the double-cast Act I characters, Peggy disappears from the narrative in the second act. She isn't even mentioned in the finale (with good historical reasons - the finale takes place in 1804 and after, 3 years after the historical Peggy's death in 1801.)
- Shoo Out the Clowns: Primarily used to round out the Schuyler sisters, Peggy disappears by Act II right before Hamilton's life snowballs into a shitshow. Historically, Peggy died a couple of years before Hamilton in the same year as her nephew Philip. Outside of the context of the story, her actor goes on to play Maria Reynolds in Act II.
Main characters (second act only)
Played by: Anthony Ramos (OBC)The eldest son of Alexander and Eliza Hamilton, named after his grandfather Philip Schuyler.The role of Philip was double-cast with John Laurens.
"Sorry, I'm a Hamilton with pride. You talk about my father, I cannot let it slide."
- Bullying a Dragon: Challenges a much older man to a duel despite having no experience dueling himself.
- The Charmer: He flirts with two women in "Blow Us All Away" and they're both quite taken with him.
- Died in Your Arms Tonight: His mother and father held him as he succumbed to his bullet wound.
- Duel to the Death: Although Phillip follows his father's advice to shoot at the sky so as not to become a killer, Eacker has no such compunctions and mortally wounds him - before they even counted to ten. note
- Hot-Blooded: Philip lets his emotions get the best of him and impulsively challenges Eacker to a duel without a thought to the consequences.
- Like Father, Like Son: He's as passionate and clever as his old man. On a darker note, father and son even die the same way — shot during a duel while aiming at the sky.
- Sir Swears-a-Lot: He's more casual about foul language than the other characters, rivaled only by Hercules Mulligan.
- Tenor Boy: One of the few tenors in the play and the one who plays the "young, idealistic hero" trope straight. Even when Philip is 19, Anthony Ramos in the soundtrack still portrays him with a higher, more boyish voice than he did with Laurens in the first act, who was the same age but battle-hardened from the war, thus more "adult."
Played by: Daveed Diggs (OBC)Another Founding Father, who returns from France at the beginning of Act II. Laid-back but brilliant, Jefferson opposes Hamilton's political views and forms the Democratic-Republican party to counter Hamilton's Federal party. He eventually gets elected second Vice President and third President of the United States after Hamilton supports him in the 1800 elections.The role of Jefferson is double-cast with Lafayette.
"Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. We fought for these ideals, we shouldn't settle for less. These are wise words; enterprisin' men quote 'em. Don't act surprised, you guys, 'cause I wrote 'em!"
- Big "WHAT?!": Jefferson manages to combine this with Flat "What.". A fan managed to assemble all of Jefferson's 'what's here.
- Brilliant, but Lazy: He brags about writing the "wise words" in the Declaration of Independence... then dismisses Hamilton's debt plan as being too long and hard to understand.note He claims responsibility for getting everyone together to negotiate it in "The Room Where It Happens", but admits he basically went along with it because he wanted to reduce his travel time to the capital. (Although he might not have been being fully serious about that.)
- The Dandy: Just take a look at that fabulous purple costume (complete with a pimp cane!)
- Deadpan Snarker: He always has a snide comment ready for Hamilton.
- Even Evil Has Standards:
- While no character is necessarily evil, Jefferson is hypocritical, arrogant, certainly an antagonistic figure in the musical, and even takes a few pointed pot shots at Hamilton's background... but even he seems shocked by Adams' racist taunts in "The Adams Administration". He also briefly expresses sympathy towards Hamilton after his son dies.
- He also seems genuinely shocked when Hamilton reveals his role in the Reynolds affair, reacting only with a disgusted "...My God" when Hamilton confesses fully.
- Foreign Culture Fetish: Accusations of being a Francophile hurt his campaign for president in 1800. It took Hamilton's endorsement for him to gain the public's approval.
- Jefferson constantly espouses his ideals of freedom and equality...while being an unapologetic slave owner. Hamilton calls him out on it in "Cabinet Battle #1", as does the choreography of the musical itself (e.g. members of the chorus are contextualized as Monticello slaves scrubbing floors and doing back-breaking work, while Jefferson belts out lines like "I can't believe that we are free", while being rolled across the stage on a wooden staircase by his 'property', etc). Also, it's a bit rich of him to accuse Hamilton of dressing flashily, when he's the one prancing on stage in a magenta velvet suit at the beginning of Act II.
- He also criticizes Hamilton for overstepping his bounds in his opposition to joining France in their (most recent) revolution in "Cabinet Battle #2" with the line, "I remind you that he is not Secretary of State!" when three of the last five songs have dealt with Jefferson's opposition to Hamilton's plans to form a National Bank; i.e., the domain of the Secretary of the Treasury.
- Jerkass Has a Point: Hypocrite as he is on the issue of slavery, it's not difficult to empathize with his points about assisting France in war even though Hamilton has reason to believe in preserving neutrality. Alexander's more subdued tone when he refutes Jefferson's point about Lafayette indicates Hamilton's understands why Jefferson would think this way.
- Hypocritical Humor: More of a Truth in Television example: During "The Election of 1800," Jefferson muses that Aaron Burr, while a strong politician, "is not terribly forthcoming on any particular stances." In real life, one of the most frequent accusations levied against Jefferson was his tendency to openly display a sort of political apathy while in actuality hiding a ruthlessly pragmatic political agenda...just like Aaron Burr in Hamilton.
- Motor Mouth: Maybe not to the extent of Daveed Diggs' other character, Lafayette, but Jefferson still has a very fast-paced flow at the end of "Washington On Your Side", with rather tongue-twisting lines, too.
- Not So Similar: On the surface, Hamilton and Jefferson have a lot in common; both are brilliant writers, both founded the guiding principles of the American government, both stand by their beliefs, both have rather large egos that frequently need to be stroked, and both have prominent positions in Washington's cabinet (Treasury and State, respectively). The difference is that Jefferson is a smug old-money Southerner for the Democratic-Republicans who employs slave labor, and Hamilton is a Northern Federalist who married into wealth and abhors slavery. Really, the second act can be viewed as Hamilton taking on his shadow self.
- Old Money: From a fairly wealthy family who owned a plantation. This is part of why he looks down on Hamilton.
- Pet the Dog:
- Is openly shocked at Adams's racist taunts towards Hamilton in "The Adams Administration."
- Expresses genuine sympathy when Hamilton's son dies. Of course, historically, many of Jefferson's children did not survive to adulthood.
- In the finale he grudgingly gives Hamilton credit for his help in creating America, admitting that his financial system was a work of genius.
- Red Oni, Blue Oni: The fast-talking, loud, boisterous red to Madison's rational, quiet, understated blue.
- Smug Snake: Sarcastic, antagonistic, and basically oozes disdain - especially during "The Reynolds Pamphlet".
- Something Completely Different: His songs are inspired by Southern jazz, ragtime, and boogie-woogie styles to reflect that Jefferson was older than Hamilton and many of the other characters.
- Those Two Guys: Him and Madison are always seen together throughout the play, with the exception of his introductory number "What'd I Miss?", where Jefferson enters first and is joined by Madison later.
- Villainous Friendship: He has one with Madison.
- Worthy Opponent: He and Hamilton consider each other this despite despising each other, this is what gets him Hamilton's endorsement.
Played by: Okieriete Onaodowan (OBC)A former ally of Hamilton's who ends up siding with Jefferson and company. Will go on to be the fourth president of the United States.The role of Madison is double-cast with Hercules Mulligan.
"I have been fighting for the South alone! Where have you been?"
- Anti-Villain: Compared to Jefferson, Madison is a fairly reasonable guy. He is the first person to let up on Hamilton when he realizes that Hamilton did not break the law. In real life, there is no evidence James Madison was involved in the Reynolds Affair or that Madison ever blackmailed or slandered anybody.
- Composite Character: With both historical Madison and James Monroe. In real life, Monroe instigated the investigation into Hamilton and James Reynolds (with Jefferson working behind the scenes) while Madison was not involved. Monroe was a Jefferson cheerleader, whereas the actual Madison was Jefferson's best friend and ally, but also very much Jefferson's equal and not his Number Two.
- Face–Heel Turn: In Act I he helps Hamilton write the Federalist Papers, but in Act II he teams up with Jefferson to oppose Hamilton. He was a driving force for the Constitution, but he believes that Hamilton's financial plan will hurt the South.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: With Jefferson, as in real life.
- Hidden Depths: The quiet guy with the cough wrote the Bill of Rights? AND 29 of the Federalist Papers? Including "Federalist 10?" Also his tears at "It's Quiet Uptown" hint at his more sensitive side. He's also the one who masterminds Jefferson's election to the presidency and had the idea that saved his campaign.
- Hypochondria: The line "Madison take your medicine" references this historical trait of Madison's, who was rather small and sickly. Additionally, in the original Broadway production, Okieriete Onaodowan, would walk around the stage holding a handkerchief and periodically coughing into it while playing Madison, further indicating the man's constantly poor health.
- Irony: James Madison was both the shortest and lightest President of the United states at 5' 4'' and 122 pounds. Okieriete Onaodowan, the actor who originated the role on Broadway, is a six foot tall former football player. Subsequent productions go in a similar direction, as an actor who fits Madison's description would hardly be able to pull off the role of Hercules Mulligan, whom Madison's actor must double as.
- Number Two: Becomes Jefferson's right-hand man.
- Pet the Dog:
- He comes back onstage wiping his eyes for "The Election of 1800", apparently as heartbroken as the audience over the tragedy of the previous two songs.
- In the finale he grudgingly gives Hamilton credit for his help in creating America.
- The Quiet One: He doesn't speak much on his own, instead choosing to back up Jefferson. Historically, Madison was exceedingly shy and rather uncomfortable with public speaking.
- Those Two Guys: Him and Jefferson are always seen together throughout the play, with the exception of his introductory number "What'd I Miss?", where Jefferson enters first and is joined by Madison later.
- Red Oni, Blue Oni: The rational, quiet, understated blue to Jefferson's fast-talking, loud, boisterous red. In a meta example, he's also one to the brash, cheery Hercules Mulligan, with whom he is double cast.
- Villainous Friendship: He has one with Jefferson.
- We Used to Be Friends: With Hamilton. An annotation from Miranda in the book of the musical states that "the falling out between Madison and Hamilton is relegated to the intermission." The original draft of "Washington on Your Side" features of a verse from Madison about how he once liked Hamilton before coming to regard him as ambitious and dangerous.
Played by: Jasmine Cephas Jones (OBC)Maria Reynolds comes to Hamilton in a time of personal crisis, eventually beginning an affair with him. Her husband James uses this affair as blackmail, extorting money out of Hamilton to keep him quiet. When Hamilton's political rivals begin sniffing around his spending, Hamilton is forced to reveal the details of his affair with Maria in order to clear his name — making his family miserable in the process.The role of Maria is double-cast with Peggy, the youngest Schuyler sister.
"I know you are a man of honor..."
- Contralto of Danger: Invoked. The actress playing the youngest Schuyler sister, Peggy, is double-cast as the seductress Maria Reynolds. Peggy's notes are on the higher end of the mezzo range, reflecting her youth and good-girl nature, in contrast to Maria's low, sultry come-ons.
- Damsel in Distress: Reynolds is presented as a battered wife who was abandoned by her husband and can no longer make ends meet on her own.
- Domestic Abuser: James Reynolds is described as one, and Hamilton's sympathy for Maria is the gateway to their affair. As it turns out, James Reynolds is forcing Maria to act as bait for blackmail. He doesn't care whether Hamilton has sex with her, even calling her a whore, as long as Hamilton pays up.
- Honey Trap: James Reynolds forced Maria to act as a bait for blackmail.
- Hypocrite: Among others things, she tells Hamilton she needs help because her husband is "cheating and mistreating" her... then immediately seduces Hamilton into doing the exact same thing to his own wife, Eliza.
- Lady in Red: Maria appears as a seductress at least initially, and she does it in a very nice red dress.
- Minor Character, Major Song: "Say No To This" is her only appearance in the play but her impact is huge, considering she's at the center of a vicious blackmail plot and the first ever sex scandal in American politics.
- The Mistress: Hamilton maintains a steady relationship with her while being married to Eliza.
- Please Don't Leave Me: She begs this of Hamilton word for word when he tries to end their relationship due to her husband's blackmail.
- The Vamp: Her low, seductive voice suggests how much of a sultry young woman she is. Despite this, she is later described in the song 'Say No To This' as "Half dressed, apologetic. A mess, she looked pathetic," as well as numerously being illustrated as looking 'helpless'.
Played by: Thayne Jasperson (OBC)A bishop who advocates for America to remain a British colony. His work is harshly criticized by Hamilton.
"Heed not the rabble who scream 'revolution!'"
- The Quisling: He's on the side of the British and denounces the rebels.
Played by: Jon Rua (OBC)An incompetent general who is responsible for the near-destruction of the Revolutionary Army at the Battle of Monmouth.
"I'm a General! Wheeee!"
- Dirty Coward: Washington harshly (and rightfully) chews him out for trying to retreat as soon as the battle started getting intense.
- Evil Is Petty: After losing his position he started talking badly about Washington around camp, despite the fact that Washington had every reason to strip him of command.
- General Failure: He nearly propelled the Americans into a devastating defeat at Monmouth. The Continental Army only made it out still intact thanks to Lafayette's superior leadership and prowess, but even then it was only a stalemate rather than a victory.
- Not What I Signed On For: Lee is ecstatic to be a general, but instantly cowers and retreats the moment he gets on the battlefield.
Played by: Sydney James Harcourt (OBC)Husband of Maria Reynolds. He blackmails Hamilton for money in exchange for not telling anyone about Hamilton's infidelity.
"Time to pay the piper for the pants you unbuckled!"
- Blackmail: He extorts Hamilton for money after Hamilton had an affair with his wife Maria.
- Domestic Abuser: Maria tells Hamilton that he's awful, violent, and uncaring husband. Given the way he talks about her in his letter and the likelihood that he forced her to be bait in a blackmail scheme, she clearly wasn't exaggerating.
- Your Cheating Heart: While asking Hamilton for help, Maria complains that he cheats her, which is likely the truth.
Played by: Ephraim Sykes (OBC)A lawyer who insults Alexander Hamilton and is challenged to a duel by Alexander's son Philip over it.
"Your father's a scoundrel—and so, it seems, are you."
- Dirty Coward: He fired his shot at the count of seven, rather than ten, and killed Philip.
- Historical Villain Upgrade: While he was a critic of Alexander (going as far as to claim Hamilton wanted the monarchy back), according to witnesses of his and Phillip's duel, in their historical duel not only did Phillip hesitate to shoot, Eacker did too, and the duel only started when neither one was willing to back down.
- Jerkass: He's shown to be rude, condescending and dishonorable.
- Karma Houdini: He's never punished for killing his opponent by cheating.
- Knight of Cerebus: While the play was hardly light-hearted at the time of his introduction, Eacker stands out as one of the few genuinely malicious characters in the show, even for his rather limited screen time.
John AdamsThe hapless second President of the United States. His attacks on Hamilton severely damage the Treasury Secretary's already-precarious reputation.
- Butt Monkey: He's frequently a target of Hamilton's mockery. Even Jefferson, one of the few characters who actually likes him, admits that Adams is hopeless and has no chance of being re-elected.
- The Ghost: Despite being mentioned often, he never physically appears in the musical.
- Vice President Who?: During Washington's administration Hamilton states, "John Adams doesn't have a real job anyway."