This one last gift, dear child, for thee,A sure-fire way to get across that you are important is to wear a Cool Crown. It's the headgear of choice for Kings, Queens and Princesses alike, and no Awesome Moment of Crowning would be complete without it.
The symbol of thy royalty.
A crown to wear in grace and beauty,
As is thy right, and royal duty.
The symbol of thy royalty.
A crown to wear in grace and beauty,
As is thy right, and royal duty.
—Flora, Sleeping Beauty
Cool Crowns come in many sizes and shapes but a few have distinct associations:
- Tiaras are the iconic crown of the Princess Classic and heavily associated with fairytales. Perched directly on top of the head, usually with heart or flower designs worked in, they are dainty and sparkly and make great hair accessories. It's almost solely women who wear tiaras,note and doesn't even need to be royalty (small tiaras were very popular—almost de rigeur—for fashionable upper-crust women in the early 20th century), although queens and princesses will wear the fanciest ones. Real Life examples tend to be heavily Gem-Encrusted.
- Frill-like Diadems, often seen being worn by Pageant Queens tend to have the same connotations as tiaras despite having more robustness, similar to a heavy circlet.
- Circlets are the staple of Modest Royalty. Who wants to wear a heavy, clunky crown everywhere? These Royals need to be able to move and get things done. The circlet is usually a ribbon-like strand of metal that wraps around the forehead, sometimes with a simple jewel on the front, or a heavier band that perches atop the head that may have other decorations, but no hoops or caps. They are worn by both genders, and Elves seem to like the really thin across-the-forehead kind, for some reason.
- Hoop Crowns, with gold arches, jewelry (often Gem-Encrusted), velvety-cloth caps, ermine-edging are the coolest crowns of them all. Usually seen on Kings, although the occasional Queen, Emperor, and Empress, get to wear them. They are big and in your face and anyone wearing one is really important, or seems to want you to think he is. Even most Royalty don't like to wear them all the time, though. During everyday royal activities, a circlet will do.
- Coronets are basically a Hoop Crown without the hoops and are traditionally worn by titled noblemen (and their wives) on very festive occasions. (In the UK, they are worn only for coronations.) You will encounter a coronet as a heraldic device way more often than as an actual crown.
- Laurel Wreaths are associated with the Roman Caesars and despite being simpler than a typical crown (essentially a partial circlet) because of Roman hatred for traditional monarchy, they tend to indicate someone who is at the top, in terms of importance. Emperors and Greek Gods really like them. Traditionally, they were given out for achieving some great accomplishment, from winning a battle to finishing first in the ancient Olympics, so it can also be used to indicate that this is a ruler who actually gets out and does things. The wreath is often gold, but just as often made of actual leaves.
- Pimped Out Helmets are perhaps the most Bad Ass type of crown of all. These look like war helms, only with extra decorations like golden plating, wings, dragon teeth and the like - stuff that says "a crown, not a grunt's helmet". These crowns are the best choice for the Warrior Prince. The hoop crown is in fact a product of evolution of a certain type of pimped-out helmet that lost its practical (protective) function in the process of becoming more pimped-out.
- Heraldic devices are crowns that do not exist in physical form but are merely depicted on coats of arms. A lot of types of crowns only appear on coats of arms, especially the types reserved for communities and organizations (mural crown, astral crown, naval crown etc). Most coronets also belong here.
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Anime And Manga
- In Bleach, Baraggan Louisenbairn has a bone-like protrusion out of his head that resembles a crown. Fitting, as prior to encountering Aizen, he was the king of Hueco Mundo. His Resurreccion form had a more normal crown on his head, made of gold and encrusted with all sorts of jewels.
- In Sailor Moon, all Sailor Guardians wear tiaras in their transformed states, mostly because they're all princesses in another life. At least two had functions - Sailor Moon could throw hers like a discus while Sailor Jupiter had an antenna extend from the jewel in the center, which allowed her to bring lightning down to her. Later on, Neo-Queen Serenity wears a more pimped out tiara.
- In Tenchi Muyo!, Princess Ayeka wears one, but it's very hard to see as her purple bangs hide everything save for a small part at her sideburns. The best way to see what it looks like is the opening of the first OVA series or a picture of Ayeka with her original blue hair.
- In Yu-Gi-Oh!, Pharaoh Atem wears an elaborate gold coronet with a giant eye on the front, reflecting where it would be when he uses his shadow powers. Elaborate as it is, it still isn't as elaborate as some of the Egyptian crowns. See Real Life below.
- When seen in animation, Aquaman, who is king of Atlantis, is rarely to never seen with his crown. His wife Mera, however, is rarely to never seen without hers.
Film - Animated
- In Anastasia, the titular Russian princess wears a very sparkly diadem with her princess dress.
- Rapunzel has a tiara in Tangled. Her parents have hoop crowns.
- Princess Aurora from Sleeping Beauty wears a tiara, while her parents and father-in-law wear hoop crowns.
- Prince John from Robin Hood wears an oversized hoop crown.
- Arthur "Wart" Pendragon wears a giant crown at the end of The Sword in the Stone.
- During his introductory scene in Cinderella, the King can be seen throwing his crown out the window.
- The Evil Queen from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs apparently wears a hoop crown over what appears to be a black Saxon-style veil.
- Jasmine from Aladdin wears a light blue tiara with a sapphire jewel on the front.
- King Triton, Queen Athena, and half of their daughters (Ariel is an exception) from The Little Mermaid series films all appear to be wearing crowns made from coral.
- At the end of the first film, Ariel wears a gold tiara with her Fairytale Wedding Dress. In the sequel, she wears a jeweled one for Melody's party.
- Naveen and his parents from The Princess and the Frog all wear hoop crowns on their heads, while Tiana is first seen wearing a silver tiara, and later a green tiara made from flowers, then a simple gold tiara in the final scene.
- Kuzco from The Emperor's New Groove wears a gold crown shaped like a semicircle.
- King Julian from Madagascar wears a crown made from leaves. At the end of the film, he replaces it with a larger crown with a gecko on it.
- The queens from Atlantis The Lost Empire (the unnamed queen seen in the prologue and her daughter at the end of the film) appear to wear small gold tiaras with large pink and blue feathers coming out of the back on their heads. The only king shown in the film, Kashekhim Nedakh, does not wear a crown.
- The Queen of England from Cars 2 is a large blue car wearing royal robes who appears to have a giant hoop crown on her roof. Her hood ornament is also shaped like a crown as well.
- In another Pixar film, A Bug's Life, both Princess Atta and her mother, the Ant Queen, wear crowns made from flowers.
- In a third Pixar example, Brave, Queen Elinor wears a circlet on her head. Her daughter Princess Merida, by comparison, usually wears nothing at all on her head; however, for the formal events concerning her betrothal, she's forced into a head-covering Saxon-style veil held in place with a circlet.
- The Queen and King of Hearts from Alice in Wonderland.
- The Emperor of China from Mulan wears a traditional Chinese royal headdress on his head.
- Esmeralda wore a small gold tiara with emeralds on it (referencing both her name and her eye color) during her pole dance in the song "Topsy Turvy" from The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
- The bottom right example in the page image is the Starscream during his very brief tenure as leader of the Decepticons in the original, animated Transformers: The Movie.
- Xibalba from The Book of Life, has a silver crown with horns sprouting from the both sides, topped with black wax candles lit with green flames. A black skull is in the middle of the crown.
Film - Live Action
- Star Wars: Queen Amidala wears plenty of ridiculous headdresses in The Phantom Menace. Which one is the formal crown is harder to say. The novelization of Episode II, however, says that some particular one of them (not specified which) was a crown. Note that this was intentional, and part of the whole "decoy trick": the queen's exaggerated and exotic look made her stand out next to her handmaidens, so no-one would suspect that she was a decoy, and the real queen was disguised as one of the handmaidens.
- In Robin Hood (2010), King Richard's helmet has a crown built into it.
- In the The Lord of the Rings Film of the Book (specifically Return of the King), the crown of Gondor looks like a circlet, though a fairly large one. This is contrary to the book, where it looks like a helm (not exactly hoop crown but close). The elven lord Elrond sports a circlet of the "stock thin elven" type. The elven High King of old, Gil-Galad, does too.
- In the third The Elusive Avengers movie, appropriately titled The Crown of the Russian Empire, the titular Greater Imperial Crown of Russia was the MacGuffin. (Google it. It's one of the most awesome hoop crowns of Real Life).
- Alice in Wonderland: The Red Queen, though she actually stole it from the White Queen. When the Jabberwocky is defeated in the big battle, the Red Queen's crown of gold and rubies changes back into the White Queen's crown of silver and sapphires.
- The Pevensie siblings each get a crown in The Chronicles of Narnia. The boys get traditional-looking crowns, whilst the girls get coronets that look like flower wreaths. However, the two eldest siblings, Peter and Susan, have their crowns wrought out of gold, whilst the younger two, Edmund and Lucy, have silver ones.
- In From Dusk Till Dawn, Santanico Pandemonium and several of the girls at the Titty Twister wear headdresses that look like gold circlet type crowns, with Santanico's being the most elaborate. This marks her as Queen of the vampires.
- Elizabeth Taylor wears an extraordinary confection in Cleopatra modeled on the traditional Egyptian crown; it consisted of a golden disk between two tall horns mounted on a gold covered wig. How they kept this on her head even when she bowed deeply to Caesar is anybody's guess.
- Prince Arslan of The Heroic Legend of Arslan has a circlet and gold Pimped Out Helmet for battle as crowns.
- In the Heralds of Valdemar series, the Valdemaran royals wear understated circlets to go with their Modest Royalty and indicate they don't think they are better than their subjects. Other royals in neighboring countries either copied them or came up with the idea independently (probably the latter).
- The Awesome Moment of Crowning scene in The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe makes a special point of mentioning that the crowns given to the Pevences aren't the heavy, gaudy, over-emblished sort (like the British Crown Jewels) but elegant circlets. The royal lines of Narnia all tend to fall in the Royals Who Actually Do Something camp.
- In The Magician's Nephew Helen and Frank have their coronation after the dwarfs make their crowns from silver and gold peeled from a "sovereign" tree. The crowns are of the "circlet" type, much lighter than the British Royal crowns, as compared in the book.
- The Wheel of Time book A Crown of Swords is named after the Laurel Crown of Illian. The crown is of a laurel wreath design, but between the leaves are tiny daggers alternately pointing up and down; the intention in the design is that the wearer can never wear it comfortably, reminding him of the obligation and danger it represents. After he notices this, Rand gives the Laurel Crown its other name.
- The crown of the dragons in The Enchanted Forest Chronicles is a heavy circlet made of iron. When, after her first day as King, Kazul exhaustedly hurls it against the wall, Cimorene chides that she shouldn't treat the crown that way. Kazul responds, "Of course I should. It's expected. That's why we made it out of iron and not something soft and pliable like gold."
- In Lord of the Rings the first crown of Gondor was a war helm that belonged to Isildur, and the second (Aragorn was crowned with it), was a more pimped-up, crown-like helm. And in the other Númenórean kingdom, Arnor, a simple circlet with a single diamond was used. The Arnorian crown also existed in two iterations: the original and the replacement that was made after the original was lost. After LOTR, the original circlet was found, giving Aragorn a total of three cool crowns.
- In the Deryni works, there's a number of these:
- The Haldanes have the State Crown of Gwynedd, bejeweled and with intertwined gold leaves and crosses, worn at coronations and state occasions. Even Kelson wears this when duty calls for it, though he prefers a "simpler circlet of gold" like the hammered gold circlet he wears when addressing the bishops at Valoret in The Quest for Saint Camber.
- Also in The Quest for Saint Camber, Kelson wears "the oldest and plainest of Kelson's official crowns: a band of hammered gold two fingers wide, chased with a design of Celtic interlace and set with small, round cabochon rubies in some of the interstices."
- Caitrin Quinnell, soi-disant Queen of Meara, has a regal crown of gold set with sapphires and rubies. This one is notably heavy; it creases Caitrin's brow (the marks are visible when she takes it off), Ithel flinches under its weight when Caitrin briefly sets it on his head, and Kelson complains of its weight after wearing it at the surrender ceremony in Laas.
- Mátyás brings a crown from Torenth's treasury when he comes to Rhemuth to escort Liam-Lajos back for his investiture: "a handsome circlet of beaten gold, nearly the width of a man's three fingers, set round with smoky balas rubies, baroque pearls, and chunky rough-polished emeralds the size of a man's thumbnail." Liam receives a newer traditional Torenthi crown at the ceremony: "a golden diadem studded with rubies and emeralds and pearls, with great jeweled pendants hanging just short of his shoulders at either side.".
- Late in The King's Deryni, Brion Haldane wears a leather band studded with cabochon garnets (a "practical diadem for travel") while on a military campaign.
- In Wyrd Sisters Lancre doesn't have a flashy crown, well not compared to the crowns a group of actors have. It's lampshaded by Granny Weatherwax that imitation crowns are always cool and flashy looking, because that is what people expect crowns to be. Real crowns are just an impractical hat and badge of office so aren't that impressive.
- In The Elenium, the sapphire rose Bhelliom once adorned the Crown of Thalasia, until the loss of both crown and the king who wore it in circumstances very similar to Isildur's loss of the One Ring.
- The True Crown in Septimus Heap. Made from the gold of the spiders of Aurum, it was withold by Queen Etheldredda from her daughter Esmeralda and only taken back by Princess Jenna five hundred years later.
- In the Harry Potter series there is the Diadem of Ravenclaw, a "delicate-looking circlet" with the inscription "Wit beyond measure is man's greatest treasure". It's said to bestow wisdom on the wearer. Sadly, it's been lost for centuries, and after being turned into a Horcrux by Voldemort, was left to rust in a version of the Room of Requirement.
- In Dune Messiah, Paul wears a crown with the Imperial emblem of a fist and fish. (Arranged how, no one knows).
- A Song of Ice and Fire has a number of these:
- The King of the North wears a crown of bronze swords, because it's Grim Up North. Two iterations: the original pre-Targaryen crown and the replica made for Robb Stark after he reinstated the Northern kingdom.
- The High Septon wears a crown of crystals that throws rainbows everywhere, which is a symbol of the Faith of the Seven.
- Styled after his House's stag sigil, Renly Baratheon's crown has its own antlers.
- Daenerys Targaryen recieves a crown with three dragon heads as a gift. It's a reference to the Targaryen sigil, the three-headed dragon, and to Daenerys' three dragons.
- There was also one decidedly uncool crown, made for Theon Greyjoy in Winterfell by a half-competent blacksmith who only crafted nails and horseshoes before, after the more or less competent one was killed on Theon's orders. It only invited extreme sarcasm from Theon's sister Asha.
- The Targaryen kings wore a whole bunch of crowns ranging from Aegon I's iron circlet, Aenys' heavy gold crown, Jaeherys I's jeweled circlet, Aegon III's gold headband, Baelor's crown of flowers, Aegon IV's dragon head crown and Maekar's crown of iron spikes.
- Stannis Baratheon wears a crown whose fringes resembles the flames of the Lord of Light.
- The titular crown in Black Crown is a gift to the Milvian Kings from the Northern Tribes, and is a symbol in Northern culture of both strength and humility in leadership.
- The Prince's Crown in The Quest of the Unaligned is either a circlet or a Hoop crown. Described as "made of white metal accented by gold trim and a myriad of diamonds that beam forth rainbows in every direction", this crown is both incredibly powerful and very dangerous. Each Crown Prince of Caederan must take this crown from its vaults at the Temple Of The Elements and carry it to the City Of Balance by the summer solstice, when it will be needed for his coronation ceremony. Except in the coronation ceremony, the Crown must never be touched, not even by the prince or its own caretakers. It turns out the reason for this is that touching the Crown is necessary to become an orah or a hoshek.
- Journey To Chaos: Kasile wears a circlet as a princess and she's upgraded to the ancestral hoop crown once she becomes queen in Looming Shadow. Both are bedecked in jewels and Ataidar fire symbols. Eric observes that the latter is also a heavy crown.
- The Jamster character Pussycat Tiger is seen wearing a tiara.
- Game of Thrones: The most distinctive crown—and the most striking piece of headwear—on the series belongs to King Renly Baratheon; several golden stag antlers (the sigil of his House) protrude prominently from its rim. It was chosen as one of The Coolest Helmets, Hats and Headpieces in Science Fiction and Fantasy by io9.com.
- The other kings of the Baratheon dynasty, namely Robert, Joffrey and Tommen, also wear similar crowns. Joffrey's and Tommen's is actually the same crown.
- None of the rival kings wear any crowns in the series, not even Daenerys. It appears that in series-Westeros, cool crowns are a Baratheon-only thing.
- In The Big Bang Theory, Sheldon and Amy have a fight, and Sheldon gives Amy jewelry as an apology. Amy is chewing Sheldon out for such a shallow gesture, until she sees it's a tiara.
- The Corona Aurora of Power Rangers Operation Overdrive. It and its five scattered jewels serve as the MacGuffins that everyone's after, granting incredible power if they're reunited.
- King Mondo of Power Rangers Zeo had a mechanical crown that could rotate. This didn't really do anything, but it looked cool.
- King Arthur and King Uther go through a couple of crowns on Merlin, and Arthur gets the short end of the stick each time. Whilst Uther wore a simple but respectable looking circlet, Prince Arthur had something that looked like a shiny metal headband. In a Flash Forward, Arthur was seen wearing Uther's crown, but when he finally became King himself, he switched to a giant gold crown with fleur-de-lis spikes on it, which most people thought looked a little bit like the Burger King crown. Guinevere on the other hand, is lucky enough to wear a very elaborate, but still elegant-looking silver crown adorned with jewels. Since her coronation was filmed twice (first as a Flash Forward, and then in real time) you can see the difference in Arthur's crown here, and here.
- Downton Abbey features Edwardian and 1920s fashion, and in keeping with the style Lady Grantham is sometimes seen wearing a small, elegant, jeweled tiara.
- GLOW's champion used to wear a blinged-out tiara instead of a championship belt.
- Debra Mc Michael (later Mrs. Steve Austin) used to wear one as part of her "Queen Of WCW" gimmick in the mid-1990's.
- Triple H, during his "King of Kings" period.
- Jerry Lawler, Harley Race, and Ernie Ladd all wore them as part of a "King of Wrestling" gimmick.
- Most of the winners of WWE's King Of The Ring tournaments.
- Kurt Angle's crown looked stupid but went well with the oblivious dork character he was playing at the time.
- Randy Savage wore a circlet crown during his "Macho King" period, with Sensational Queen Sherri wearing a tiara.
- One of Savage's WCW girls, Miss Madness, had a tiara as part of her pageant queen gimmick.
- Madison Rayne in her later years in TNA.
Religion And Mythology
- Mockingly used in The Bible with the crown of thorns forced on Jesus Christ. It's usually portrayed as a bulky circlet.
- The Lady of Pain in the Planescape setting has something like this. When seen from a distance, she seems to be wearing a wicked cool headdress made of long, razor-sharp metal blades that encircle her entire head. However, if one gets close enough to see her features more clearly (not recommended, given what she's known to do to people who annoy her) one sees that it's not a headdress... It's part of her body!
- The Super Mario series averts the association of Princesses with tiaras by giving Princess Peach a heavy gold circlet decked out in sparkly jewels. Her crown is also a treasure in Pikmin 2 (the first region, as far away as you can get from the landing site). Daisy and Rosalina also wear similar crowns as well.
- In Angry Birds, some of the bigger and tougher Pigs wear crowns. Such attire is usually switched with whatever headgear is appropriate for the level's theme, however.
- Princess Zelda from The Legend of Zelda series games normally wears a circlet.
- In The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess, Midna wears a kind of circlet which appears as silver knotwork in the center of her forehead, once she's restored to her proper form as the Twilight Princess.
- Slowking from Pokémon has a Shellder (who is normally bivalve-shaped, but becomes gastropod-shaped if evolved with Slowpoke) for a crown.
- In Kirby's Return to Dream Land, there is a powerful crown called the Master Crown guarded by the four-headed dragon Landia that Magolor desires to rule the universe with. He guides Kirby and the others to beat Landia for him and takes it.
- The "elemental" abilities (Fire, Ice, Spark, for example) that Kirby obtains generally have a base design of a crown with the element being emitted from the top.
- The crown of the High King of Skyrim is a prime example of a pimped-out helmet: it's a helmet decorated with dragon's teeth.
- The crown of Barenziah from the same game is kinda hard to classify. It's technically a circlet, but has gold wings big enough that it seems to be a helm when looked from the front. Barenziah also never was seen wearing this crown in either Daggerfall or Morrowind where she appeared in person (she wore various circlets and tiaras instead); this absence is possibly justified, however, since in Skyrim the crown has been broken into 25 fragments and must be reassembled, and it's not made clear how long ago it was shattered.
- Also from Morrowind, Almalexia wears a circlet made of some green metal (orichalcum?).
- The Aetherial Crown in Dawnguard. It's a circlet with a glowing piece of Aetherium embedded in it. It also boasts a unique and incredibly powerful effect: the ability to have two Standing Stone bonuses at once.
- The Jarls from Skyrim wear some pretty much plain circlets, not different from player-available jewelry. Justified because they are merely local aristocracy, not full royalty.
- Fantasy Quest presents you with the Crown of Destiny, which grants you access to a sword you need.
- In the Kingdom Hearts series, Queen Minnie wears a tiara with gems that form the hidden Mickey symbol, while Daisy, who seems to be a noble of some sort, also wears a tiara. In the Final Mix of Kingdom Hearts II Sora could obtain a crown that perched on his hair spikes as a reward for completing quests.
- ''World of Warcraft:
- The Lich King has the helmet variant, and it looks incredibly badass.
- In Warcraft III, King Terenas preferred a relatively plain circlet adorned with golden spikes or fingers reaching upwards. (This latter detail is almost certainly so some of them can snap off dramatically at plot-appropriate moments.)
- Shining Series
- Recovering Princess Jessa's tiara in Shining in the Darkness is required to go further in the game.
- Satera's tiara in Shining Wisdom prevents her from coming tp physical harm, however the Big Bad gets around that by turning her into a swan. The only way Mars finds her afterwards is that she's the only swan wearing a tiara.
- In Shining the Holy Ark, you can equip crowns that will greatly raise certain stats.
- In Dragon Age: Origins, the "Paragon Crown", made by whichever Paragon you encountered in the Deep Roads, can be given to whichever claimant to the throne of the dwarven city of Orzammar you wish. It's suitably dwarven in styling, made of gold and rubies.
- Viscount Dumar, in Dragon Age II, wears a circlet.
- The King of Town from Homestar Runner appears to be wearing a paper crown he bought at Burger King, according to Strong Bad.
- Exiern King Urtica has the circlet (emblazoned with a stylised sun) style of crown, which is in keeping with his status as a hard-working (albeit in a Magnificent Bastard cum Chess Master kind of way) monarch.
- Xykon of The Order of the Stick has a small crown upon his head. In his case, he got it explicitly because he thought crowns were cool, rather than it being some special artifact (though it has since become a low-grade Artifact of Doom due some of his evil rubbing off on it). He also used it to kill Eugene's mentor.
- In My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic, Rarity wore a tiara with her dress for the Galloping Gala and Rainbow Dash wore a laurel wreath. Twilight Sparkle also has a "big crown thingy" that she wears when the ponies must use the Elements of Harmony. Both Princess Celestia and Princess Luna also wear tiaras. Queen Chrysalis wears a small and spiky crown in her true form, although it's hard to tell if it's an accessory or an actual part of her head. King Sombra wears a crown too.
- All fairies on Fairly Oddparents wear "floaty crowny things".
- The Fire Lord and his family of the Fire Nation in Avatar: The Last Airbender all wear flame-shaped hair ornaments instead of crowns.
- Let's not forget that big-ass helmet, the Phoenix King's crown.
- Many royals in Adventure Time wear crowns, tiaras and other head ornaments of some kind. The Ice King's is the most notable, as aside from its large size it grants the wearer great ice-based powers. It's also an Artifact of Doom that slowly corrupts the wearer's body and mind.
- King Bob's crown-shaped football helmet in Recess.
- When Skullmaster claims Max's cap in the series finale of Mighty Max, the baseball cap transforms into a magnificent jewelled crown.
- ReBoot: Viruses typically feature these as part of their designs, each reflecting its owner's personality. Megabyte's crown is sleek and flame-like, Hexidecimal's vaguely resembles a jester's hat and Daemon's looks like a clock-shaped Holy Halo.
- Some of the coolest and strangest crowns ever were sported by the Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. To start with there was the official crown of the Two Kingdoms which combined the conical red crown of Lower Egypt with the tall, ninepin shaped white crown of Upper Egypt. If the king wanted a less formal look he went with the Blue War Crown, which was a Pimped Out Helmet: a tall rounded hat sometimes covered with gold sequins—a particular favorite of Ramses II, to emphasize his Young Conqueror image. Best of all was the 'atef crown'. In it's simplest incarnation this consisted of a pair of rams' horns surmounted by a shape like the white crown but in reeds flanked by ostrich plumps and topped off by a sun disk. Fancier versions multiplied the reed thingies and sun disks and hung cobras all over it. What these crowns were made of and how they were kept on is mostly unknown to science; it's likely that they were at least sometimes made at least partly of cloth or dyed leather. It is possible that some of the more elaborate structures were mere artistic convention never worn in Real Life.
- These gorgeous henna "crowns" decorating the heads of cancer patients.