The dress, tiara, and ermine cape let us know she's a princess, not a construction worker.note
This item is available in the Trope Co. catalog.
Despite what some would like to believe, there is no inherent majesty in royalty
that radiates off them, save for certain Speculative Fiction
stories. This is why they use special accessories to make their station clear to everyone looking at them. Since this is done in Real Life
, why should fiction be any different?
As for fiction, The Law of Conservation of Detail
means one of these can't show up unless it has something
to do with royalty, however tenuous. The wearer could be actual royalty, or it could be a contest where the winner is given a crown and/or cape, hence being given a sort of recognition as royalty. (Or, of course, in a culture where the monarch selects the heir, it can be both.)
Of course in fiction, the Ermine Cape Effect
is often applied, so royalty tends to wear one or more of these constantly, unless they are Modest Royalty
In European royalty, the most common ways to identify royalty are:
- A Crown. How can you have an Awesome Moment of Crowning without a Cool Crown? Okay, you can, but it just wouldn't be the same. Be it circlets, Gem-Encrusted tiaras, or those big, fancy imperial crowns, a crown is probably the most commonly used symbol of royalty in the world.
- An Ermine Cape. Any cape, robe, or overdress (which some queens wore as state robes) that is decorated with either ermine, some other expensive fur, or some other extravagant fabric or decoration (gold embroidery is also common). This is the second most commonly used way to identify royalty. In Theatre, it's actually preferable to a crown, because it's larger and would of course be more visible to the audience (take the page picture). Some are larger than others; for example, the cape used for coronations of Russian emperors weighed 60 kg (150 lbs).
- Common colors for these robes are Gold, Vermilion, Blue, and Purple.
- In terms of ermine specifically, since the breakdown of sumptuary laws, nobility and even sufficiently rich women have worn ermine garments, including capes. But in fiction, the grand sweeping capes are still almost exclusively for royalty.
- Adding symbol motifs to them is common, especially if it is part of a nation's crest or flag.
- A Throne. which is the chair the royal personage sits on. In some early cultures this isn't a chair but some other kind of seat, like a stone. In some cases, like a few west African cultures, there's a stone inside the chair.
- There's also the Stone of Scone under the Coronation Chair at Westminster Abbey. Not to be confused with The Scone of Stone.
- A Sceptre. A staff with a fancy ornament on top. Fiction usually acknowledges that it's just there to look impressive, unless it's justified by having magic powers or using it as a weapon. Can vary in length. In some cases the sceptre itself may invest the bearer with the monarchy's authority, allowing them to deliver rulings without directly consulting the ruler. The sceptre is descended from a ceremonial mace, used to literally browbeat recalcitrant nobles back into line.
- A Royal Ring. Or course Royalty has plenty of rings, but in fiction The Law of Conservation of Detail applies, so if a ring is mentioned, it will have some significance. Often this is a way to identify the long lost heir, or as a way to mark royal seals (as they often were used in Real Life), or sometimes they have magical powers. The royal seals are sometimes on a "Signet ring", which is very important. Some royal houses have Keepers of the Seal, whose job it is to guard the seal, although it usually is not on a ring in that case..
- An Orb. Usually carried only for coronations and the paintings thereof. Usually topped with a crossnote . The orb is supposed to symbolize God's rule of the whole world, and the ruler being chosen to enforce that control of their lands.
- Pimped-Out Dress. This is optional in modern times, but if the story takes place before the 20th century (or equivalent of the world the story is taking place in), a queen or Princess will own at least a handful of these (usually colored pink), unless she has run away or been exiled from royal life. And the peeresses will have their own fancy dresses, just never as grand as the royal ladies'.
- Opera Gloves. This is also an optional trope, but if the story takes place in the 1870-1914 period (e.g., The Prisoner of Zenda), the queen or Princess will be wearing these (usually in white kid leather) on formal occasions.
- Bling of War. Same as above, but for kings and princes, if the setting is the 1700s or after. Often they will wear it even in times of peace.
- A Sword. A suitably pimped out sword, which symbolises the ruler's role as protector of the people, as well as supreme commander of the military. And, of course, good for slicing up people who didn't respond to application of sceptre. Swords are ubiquitous in any medieval-type setting, but a sword is still a common piece of regalia.
- A key. Keys are rarely seen outside the context of a coronation, but are still used as a symbol of the king's possession of the land, as well as the king's rights as the utmost arbiter of law.
(If anyone knows common royal items in other cultures, please add them here.)
can also make use of regalia when they are working directly for the king, or when there is no monarch, to indicate the chief of a council of nobles. They wear special stripy mantles of their own, dependent on rank, and even have a coronet (a small crown with no arches) for very special occasions. Other times there is a Dress Code
dictating what regalia the royals and the nobles wear.
Also, in some fiction, these tend to have magical properties related to royalty. Even if not, these will rarely be as heavy, delicate, or cumbersome in fiction as they are in real life
, unless it's explicitly mentioned as a Take That
to royal life.
Compare Ermine Cape Effect
, Everything's Better with Princesses
, Impractically Fancy Outfit
, Gold Makes Everything Shiny
(which a lot of regalia uses).
N.B. If a character simply wears one of these, it's probably best to just list that in Ermine Cape Effect. This works better if reserved for instances that we can state how they actually stand out in some way.
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Anime & Manga
- The Sailor Senshi wear diadem-style tiaras, given that they are all princesses, and Sailor Moon used hers as a weapon.
- Sailor Jupiter's also had a lighting rod built into it. (In the original manga it is always present while reprints and The Nineties anime have it extend when she uses it.
- Non Sol Senshi have some form of Tiara or headgear as well. Lead Crow's Feather tied to her forehead, Tin Nayanako's goofy headgear with gold accents, the X shaped straps across Sirien's face, Galaxia's Headdress, Kakyuu's crown (if it can be called that) being the least Tiara like.
- The title character's weapon from the second season, the Cutie Moon Rod, is essentially a queen's scepter.(The DiC dub name is "Moon Scepter") Her weapon from the last season, the Eternal Tier, is a rod with the top resembling a crown.
- This is explicitly confirmed in the manga. Neo-Queen Serenity has a scepter that is clearly based on the Cutie Moon Rod. Which she turns back into the Cutie Moon Rod and gives to the newly awakened Sailor Chibimoon for use in the final battle. When Sailor Moon's Cutie Moon Rod is broken in the battle Neo-Queen Serenity magically obtains a new scepter with a different design. She later has Chibi-Usa give Usagi a new weapon, the Heart Moon Rod, which is clearly what the new scepter is based off of. For reference, see Here.
- One of the accessories Ahiru gets when she turns into Princess Tutu is a cute little crown shaped like a broken egg. Also, Mytho wears a crown and a cape when he's restored to his former princely self...and he wears a small, black crown in his "prince of the crows" outfit.
- Prétear has tiaras in at least some of her outfits, as well. She is referred to as a "princess" at least once in both the anime and the manga (by different characters) — this makes sense, considering the series is loosely based on Snow-White; besides, it is a pun on her name, Himeno. She also gains an even more crown-like tiara when she achieves the form of the Legendary White Pretear.
- Tenchi Muyo! has Ayeka wearing a tiara. However, you can barely tell what the hell it looks like because 99% of the time, it's covered up by her bangs. Oddly, none of the other royal females - Sasami, Funaho, Misaki, Seto, etc. - are shown wearing one. It does have a function, though, as its the key to her spaceship, Ryu-Oh, and allows her to perform various offensive and defensive attacks.
- In Rose of Versailles, Marie Antoinette, and the two Louis, wear ermine capes to show off their authority. But when forced to speak to Madame DuBarry, Marie is so upset she flings her ermine cape away from her as if to show she was unworthy at that moment.
- In Archie Comics' Sonic the Hedgehog, there was the Crown of Acorns, a major symbol of power created through the Source of All. It was bonded to the equally powerful Sword of Acorns and could be used by both the Acorn royals and those with powerful magical potential. The mainstream crown was destroyed by Sir Connery when he used his Sword of Light to destroy both corrupted Acorn items.
- Indeed, one of the few occasions where a scepter has a central role in a story is the Tintin tale King Ottokar's Scepter, where the new King of Syldavia will be forced to abdicate if he can't find the titular object. It's all a front for an attempted Anschluss.
- There is an Assassin's Creed comic that reveals that the staff of Tsarist Russia is a Piece of Eden.
- Racha's Mum always used to complain about the Prologue for Beauty and the Beast. The reason? 'As if he's going to answer the door with his crown and sceptre!'
- The Crown Jewels of Britain were stolen as a plot to steal the throne in the film Johnny English.
- In Ella Enchanted, the crown was poisoned so the Evil Chancellor type could keep the rule for himself.
- In Eyes Wide Shut, the rich, aristocratic Doctor Hartford (Tom Cruise) is advised by the girl (Leelee Sobieski) to buy a "cape lined with ermine", before going to the Secret Society function.
- Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. When we first meet the king and queen, they are in audience in the royal chamber and have all of their Regalia. In a later scene, when they're in private, they take it off; Gwendolyn's popping off her elaborate earrings in the middle of a line.
- King Ralph had a family heirloom ring as proof Ralph was next in line to the British throne.
Live Action TV
- In Merlin the King and Queen of Camelot each have a crown; the King's crown is a simple circlet with engravings, whilst the Queen's crown is much more elaborate, with plenty of jewels.
- Uther has two crowns, the gold circlet and a more typical crown. Arthur's new one is rather typical but not the same as Uther's.
- Lady Morgana and Princess Mithian wear ermine capes.
- Subversion in one of the Blackadder series. Blackadder believes he is about to be made a Lord and buys an ermine cape, only to find out it's made out of cats.
- Even though Lwaxana Troi from Star Trek: The Next Generation wasn't explicitly royalty, she might have been, with all her bragging about heirlooms, including "Heir to the Holy Rings of Betazed".
- Pair Of Kings: Each King got a Ring of Power. If somebody who's not of Royal Blood wears one, it'll forcefully lead the wearer to the closest royalty member around.
- Dungeons & Dragons has quite a few crowns as magic items.
- The Circlet of Blasting, which fires a maximised Searing Light once per day.
- In a 2nd edition book about magic items, there is the "Cloak of Lordliness", which for humans, is an ermine cape. It gives modifiers to persuasion rolls.
- The queens of the Seelie and Unseelie Courts sit on throne guardians, dragon-shaped constructs loaded with magical power. It's not just impressive, it will kick your butt. Its abilities include Mind Reading and time stopping.
- In Warhammer, King Thorgrim Grudgebearer has an extremely special crown worn by every dwarf High King, and just in case anyone would confuse it with another oversized solid gold crown it has magical runes on it. The phoenix crown was such a symbol until the dwarfs stole it from the elves. The king of Brettonia has one as well but it's not quite as fancy as the others. Ogre Overtyrant Greasus Goldtooth has a specially made crown hammered into his skull that increases his intelligence beyond that of your average ogre.
- Overtyrant Greasus Goldtooth also has a sceptre bigger than a man.
- Thorgrim Grudgebearer is carried into battle on one of these, it seems to be made of gold, magic and awesomeness.
- Greasus Goldtooth has the 'too rich to walk' rule; he's carried into battle by dozens of Gnoblars.
- Warhammer 40,000 goes a little over the top with the Golden Throne, which is an ultra-advanced life support system supposedly keeping The Emperor barely alive for ten thousand years and counting. Supposedly. It's roughly the size of a city.
- The Throne◊ of the Scarlet Empress is probably her most notable regalia piece, being a huge piece made from the intertwining bodies of the Five Elemental Dragons. It's noted to have lost quite a bit of its mystique in the years that the tiny and pathetic Regent has been sitting in it. Figuratively. The only time he tried to actually sit in it, the throne nearly bit his head off.
- As mentioned, theater productions preferred ermine capes to show who was royalty. This even included productions of Antony and Cleopatra. Then again, stage productions until the 19th century didn't really bother with trying to use accurate period costume. It was just contemporary clothing. So no, Cleopatra didn't wear an ermine cape over Egyptian clothing (which still would have been inaccurate, since Egypt was a Hellenistic nation at that time).
- The logo for Dragon Quest VIII had a crown in the background, given that the subtitle for that game is "Journey of the Cursed King".
- Also in that game, a King Slime is stuck in a well, and you can free it by removing the crown, allowing it to turn into regular slimes. You also get to keep the crown as armor.
- Way back in Dragon Quest III, one of the kingdoms has its crown stolen by a thief. Upon retrieving it, the king actually offers to let your hero rule in his stead, leading to a temporary Non-Standard Game Over if you accept. (You can reverse it by just tracking the king down (he's hanging out in the casino) and having him take the kingdom back.)
- In The Neverhood, the crown is the source of Hoborg's power. When it is stolen, he shuts down, and the player character must decide whether to return it or put it on and become the next king.
- Finding the princess's tiara in Shining in the Darkness is how you confirm where she is being held.
- Peach, Daisy, and Rosalina from the Super Mario Bros. series games.
- In The Elder Scrolls series, every time an Emperor of Tamriel appears, he wears ermine-lined robes. In Oblivion, they were welded to Emperor Uriel's body with an "Unplayable" flag, but it was possible to mod the game and obtain the imperial robes.
- It is made clear that the one truly important piece of Imperial regalia is The Amulet of Kings, a large red crystal worn on a gold chain, and which is used in the ceremonial lighting of the Dragonfire. Everyone assumes that the crown, or the Imperial seal, is the important bit, and the Dragonfire thing is just tradition. Boy, were they wrong...
- In Skyrim, you can flat out take the robes as a memento of your encounter with Emperor Titus.
- In the now freeware game Castle of the Winds, thrones are very stationary one-use magical items once you get rid of the current occupant.
- There was a cartoon where a prince was a rightful heir but just wearing the crown was enough to be king, and an evil chancellor stole it, and the prince was trying to get it back.
- In My Life as a Teenage Robot Tucker's robot Little Dipper wins a crown in a competition, and it's like five sizes too big.
- King Pariah of Danny Phantom has a crown made of fire. He also adorns a royal ring. Both contribute to his strength...more so, that is; he's already quite powerful without one or the other.
- Averted with the Fire Nation in Avatar: The Last Airbender. Instead of a Crown the Fire Lord and his family wear hairpins of increasing ornateness to hold the topknots that are more or less standard issue for Fire Nation nobility. Avatar Roku also wore one, a gift from his friend Sozin.
- Although when Fire Lord Ozai declares himself Phoenix King in preparation for his plans to destroy the Earth Kingdom and ensure total domination of the world, he does give himself an ornate helmet.
- King Bumi in Avatar: The Last Airbender puts on robes that make him look almost like a fop. It's just part of his Obfuscating Stupidity.
- The Firelord's throne is made very intimidating by being on fire. And it has a huge gold dragon behind it.
- Care Bears in Wonderland. The Princess of Wonderland and Alice wore an ermine trimmed cape. What makes this stand out is that there were quite a few Blooper shots with it. Some shots it was on her, and others it wasn't. Some shots the main part of the cape was pink, and others it was white.
- Many of the Disney Princesses wear crowns with their iconic outfits. Some of the dress variants of the princesses have them wearing fur-trimmed capes.
- Played with in the TaleSpin episode "Waiders of the Wost Tweasure". A queen had lost a royal heirloom, but everyone in the kingdom had Elmuh Fudd Syndwome, so she called the heirloom "the wuby wings". So Baloo and his friend thought "ruby rings". Well they were actually wings made of ruby.
- The Mickey-lookalike Prince from the Disney featurette The Prince and the Pauper had a royal ring to prove his identity, even when he was dressed in peasant clothes. When he becomes king he gets the full treatment with an ermine cape, a crown, and a scepter.
- The supervillain Professor Princess (yes, that is her real name as well as her alias) wears a tiara and shoots some kind of weird energy blast out of her sceptre. It's got flowers and stars in it.
- The Queen of England from Cars 2 actually uses her own antenna as a scepter.
- The princesses of My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic seem to settle for a crown-like tiara, hoofboots, and matching horse collars, which might be symbols of something. (Well, that, and manes/tails that glow and never stay still, and the whole winged unicorn bit.) Normally justified as being horses, it's hard to go for capes and other regalia. (Except that one of the main characters is a dressmaker..)
- Princess Platinum and King Sombra wore ermine robes. For the season 3 finale, Celestia and Luna wore special dresses and Celestia had a crown bigger than her head.
- Beauty pageants usually give the winner a tiara (and sometimes an ermine cape and scepter) and she is called a beauty queen. No royalty, but what the hell.
- The Iron Crown of Lombardy is not actually made of iron, but has a band of iron that was supposedly made from the nails taken from the True Cross. It was used by Lombard kings of Italy in early Middle Ages, but has been used by many Western European rulers as well for their coronation, including, most notably, Napoleon. It is now preserved at the Cathedral of Monza, nearly Milan.
- The Holy Crown of Hungary was supposed to have been sent by the Pope to St. Stephen, the first Christian king of Hungary (where it really came from is a bit murky), and has been used in coronations of Hungarian kings since at least 12th century or earlier and has been a prominent symbol of that country. It was among the European treasures found in Nazi custody in Austria by US troops in 1945 and was stored at Fort Knox until it was returned to Hungary in 1978. It is now preserved at the Hungarian Parliament building. It is recognizable by the crooked cross at the top.
- Will most certainly show up any coronation, even if the other accessories don't.
- The Real Life ultra-fancy crown that's probably the first image you think of when you hear "crown", is almost never worn by the British monarch, except during the coronation. Why, do you ask? Because the thing is fucking heavy.
- Any contest that crowns a 'King' (rarely 'Queen' in sport) will often have this and a cape as props for the winner. American Go-Karting, for example, has 'King of the Streets', a race where the winner gets these (as well as some more useful prizes, like cash and test rides).
- The Pope is an aversion in that he has at least two dozen papal tiaras that he may wear—though no Pope has worn one since Paul VI, even if those tiaras were specifically given to a subsequent pope (yes, there is a Tiara of John Paul II and a Tiara of Benedict XVI made by donors, but they remain unworn).
- The Tiara of Tiara of Pope Pius VII (AKA the Napoleon Tiara) is noteworthy because it was made as a mockery—Napoleon had it made too small and too heavy (eighteen pounds!) for the pope to wear, from materials Napoleon had taken from older Papal tiaras his troops had stolen and smashed, and had it inscribed with phrases praising Napoleon. These inscriptions were removed after Napoleon's fall, and the crown was resized so it could be used in coronations. After World War One, most of the gems were removed and replaced with coloured glass on the orders of Pope Benedict XV—the real gems being sold to aid victims of the war.
- The Pope and Cardinals usually haven't in recent years, but have been known in the past to dress up in a rather royal fashion. (Not to mention the use of the Royal "We" that was abolished in 1978.) Since 1978, it's explicitly become a tradition for the Pope to not to be crowned, though 22 very elaborate Papal "tiaras" (actually silver beehives with ''three'' gold Gem Encrusted crowns stacked one on the other◊) worn by past Popes still exist and the option is left open for any future Pope to have a coronation rather than the less formal inauguration.
- The Pope's seemingly royal regalia include the sedan chair or sedia gestatoria, the papal throne, the papal cross (a staff with three crossbars rather than the two bars of an archbishop's patriarchal cross), the falda and mantum (which require trainbearers due to their length), the flabelli (giant ostrich-feather fans), and the umbraculum (a large red-and-gold umbrella/canopy).
- Heck, even many Catholic bishops have the right to use some pretty amazing robes and capes.
- Does the Popemobile count? It should.
- Traditional Norwegian brides. The term "bridal crown" was coined during the seventeenth century and onwards, leading to elaborate silver crowns worn by brides in rural areas for hundreds of years. Some of those were handed down as heirlooms, and are, as a rule pretty heavy. Traditional weddings were meant to last for three days, and the bride ditched the crown after the first day, in an elaborate ritual replacing the crown with the garments meant for married women. The understatement was that the bride was "royal" on her wedding day.
- Every parliamentary body in Canada has a Ceremonial Mace which represents the power and authority of the reigning monarch. It's only a "sorta" example because they aren't actually requisite for Queen Elizabeth II herself. Instead, it's required for the actual business of Parliament to proceed. Without the Mace, a Provincial or Federal Parliament isn't even allowed to sit down.
- The ceremonial mace is common in most English-speaking legislatures; the UK parliament at Westminster started the tradition (the Mace of the House of Commons — Cromwell apparently asked for 'that fool's bauble' to be removed as he angrily dismissed the Rump in 1653, but it didn't take), and the new devolved Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly both have very cool-looking, postmodern maces. The Australian House of Representatives and various other Commonwealth legislatures also have maces. Even the United States House of Representatives has a mace: thirteen ebony rods bound with silver (echoing the fasces of the Roman Republic) topped with a silver eagle on a globe; this is a subversion, because the US is, of course, a republic, with no king.
- If you're wondering why the US House has a mace, recall that the US was once a collection of thirteen British colonies, most if not all of which had maces in their legislatures. It just didn't seem right that a directly-elected legislature would meet without a mace. Why this logic didn't apply to the Senate is unclear, but perhaps the Senate, whose members were elected by the state legislatures at the time, was seen as more of a diplomatic-like body.
- Every Commonwealth governmental assembly has a Royal Mace as part of the way that the commonwealth works. The (British) Houses of Parliament have three, two in the house of Lords. In 1965 the (then over 160 year old) Royal Mace of the Bahamas was thrown from the building by the opposition leader over the way the party in power was redrawing the constituency borders (he claimed they where trying to dilute his party's voter base). It worked, they could not go on until the mace was retrieved.
- While still a Republic (mostly), in Real Life, Roman Consuls (whom scholars of the Roman constitution agreed had "kingly" authority, i.e. equivalent to the authority of the old Kings of Rome) could have men called lictors walk with them bearing scepters called Fasces as a symbol of their authority. They were essentially a bundle of reeds, representing strength in unity (one reed breaks easily—a bundle does not). The fasces, when outside of the city limits of Rome, had an axe lodged in with them, as a symbol of Rome's ultimate authority. The fasces later became a potent symbol for later republics, and they were extensively used in the national symbols of both the French and American republics. This probably kept the fasces from becoming losing its acceptability as a symbol after it lent its name to "fascism", unlike a certain other, much older symbol.
- The ceremonial crook-and-flail were symbolic items associated with ancient Egyptian royalty.
- Real Life has the British throne, which has a slot for the aforementioned Stone of Scone (pronounced 'skoon'). The Stone was the Scottish symbol of lordship. Every so often they seem to ask for it back..
- In response to which, the Stone of Scone was returned to Scotland in 1996. It is kept in Edinburgh Castle. It will be shipped back to Westminster Abbey in London, temporarily, for the next coronation.
- The British Monarch actually has no less than thirty-three thrones (possibly more) in active use, with at least one in each Commonwealth Realm for use in opening the national legislature; "at least one", because the federal Commonwealth Realms (Canada and Australia) also have thrones in each of their sovereign constituent units (provinces and states, respectively), and Britain plays host to not only St. Edward's Chair—the throne on which the monarch is crowned in Westminster Abbey—but also the throne in the House of Lords from which she/he delivers the annual Speech from the Throne at the State Opening of Parliament. (Obviously, the monarch doesn't necessarily sit most of these very much; the Commonwealth Realms in particular have their Governors-Generalnote occupy the seat). In many cases, the throne is not particularly fancy.
- Charlemagne's (The Holy Roman Emperor) throne sits in Aachen Cathedral in Aachen, Germany.
- The official Swedish throne (that has not been sat on for quite a while, despite Sweden still having a royal family) is known as The Silver Throne (no relation to Lewis' The Silver Chair).
- The Mughal Peacock throne which was stolen by Persians and subsequently acted as the throne of the Persian royal family was a particularly audacious example of this.
- Ivan the Terrible's Ivory Throne is kept in the Moscow Kremlin, along with several others (including the throne of Nicholas II in the St. Andrew's Hall of the Kremlin, which is considered the throne of Russia, kept vacant but intact in the style of Gondor and Ankh-Morpork). Several more Russian thrones are in St. Petersburg and former imperial residences in its vicinity.
- A new sultan of the Ottoman Empire was inaugurated by being "girt with the Sword of Osman," which purportedly belonged to the Ottoman dynasty's founder.
- The Empire was more likely to go in for a Nice Hat than a crown. The sultan and grand vizier are almost always depicted wearing large, lavishly decorated turbans that, in what may or may not be artistic exaggeration, are sometimes twice the size of their actual heads. As mentioned above, the important piece of regalia was the Sword of Osman.
- The UK has five of these used in the coronation; of these, the Great Sword of State, is truly gigantic, has a fancy handle, and is also carried before the Sovereign at the State Opening of Parliament.
- The Emperor of Japan used to display Kusanagi no Tsurugi, the Grass Cutter Sword, as one of the three Imperial Regalia of Japan. The sword was supposedly lost in a sea battle, but is apparently hidden by Shinto priests.
- Eighteenth century monarchs often pointedly avoided wearing military uniforms. After all soldiers were the king's servants. For yet other monarchs, though, this constituted their standard clothing, on the grounds of Authority Equals Asskicking.
- As noted above, during the late Victorian Era and through the end of the Edwardian Era (roughly 1870 through the beginning of World War One), female monarchs and noblewomen almost always wore Opera Gloves at any even remotely formal occasion. This continued to be quite common into the 1960's (check out pictures of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret from the 1950's, for example) but has become comparatively rare in current times. (It was, from Medieval times to after the World War II), the done thing for women to wear some sort of gloves as part of their formal wear, mind- in fact both ladies and gentlemen for a long time wore them whenever they went outdoors (probably originally to keep the skin of their hands in good condition, especially as the gentry rode horses). Whether they were opera gloves or something shorter was subject to fashion.)