What Russians and those who lived in the former Soviet Union have to read. See also Russian Relaxing.
- Pravda - several papers have been referred to this way, we'll be focusing on the best known one, the paper of the CPSU. Pravda is Russian for "truth". ''Da, pravda''.
- In Soviet times the other main newspaper was called Izvestiya, literally meaning News (In Russian there is no distinction between definite and indefinite forms of nouns, so the title could also be translated as The News.) This inspired the following joke: "There are no news in Truth, and no truth in News".
- Krasnaya Zvezda (Red Star) - newspaper of the Soviet and now Russian military. Gave Margaret Thatcher her "Iron Lady" nickname.
- Komsomolskaya Pravda - in Soviet times, this was a youth counterpart to Pravda. In post-soviet times, it became a yellowish, quite pro-government tabloid.
- Novaya Gazeta - a supposedly independent newspaper with liberal (as in, old-school liberal, what Americans call conservative, not quasi-socialist) and pro-Western leanings.
- Rossiyskaya Gazeta - the official newspaper of the Federal government.
- Ogonyok - A weekly magazine running since 1899.
- Krokodil - Satirical magazine (1922-1991).
- Murzilka - Illustrated magazine for children printed from 1924 to this day.
- Vesyolie kartinki - Another illustrated magazine for children (1956-2012). Notable for having comic book stories featuring characters pulled from folklore, cartoons and books popular at the time (a crossover if you will).
Notable literatureSee also Russian Literature.
- Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin (1799-1837), considered to be the greatest Russian poet and founder of Russian literature. His most famous work is a novel-in-verse Eugene Onegin.
- Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (1711-1765)
- Mikhail Yurievich Lermontov (1814-1841), also author of the novel A Hero of Our Time
- Alexander Blok (18801921)
- Anna Akhmatova (18891966)
- Boris Pasternak (18901960), also author of the novel Doctor Zhivago
- Osip Mandelstam (18911938)
- Marina Tsvetaeva (18921941)
- Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (1893-1930)
- Robert Rozhdestvensky (19321994)
- Andrey Voznesensky (19332010)
- Bella Akhmadulina (19372010)
The classics: The "Golden Age" et seq.
- Nikolai Gogol: Dead Souls, "The Overcoat", The Inspector General
- Ivan Goncharov: Oblomov
- Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky: He wrote Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, Notes from Underground, The Brothers Karamazov and many other books. He is considered by many to be Russia's greatest writer along with Tolstoy, though he was usually more liked outside Russia (especially in France) than withinnote , which is ironic since he was a slavophile West-hating conservative Great Russian.
- Nikolai Leskov (1831-1895): A great novelist and short story writer whose works were highly admired within Russia by Chekhov, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky and others but was Overshadowed by Awesome outside. He's best known for his short story Lady Macbeth of the Tsenk District and The Tale of Cross-Eyed Lefty From Tula and The Steel Flea which is considered one of the greatest short stories ever written.
- Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy aka Leo Tolstoy: He wrote War and Peace, Anna Karenina, "The Kreutzer Sonata", and many, many others. He heavily influenced Mahatma Gandhi, James Joyce and several many other writers around the world.
- Ivan Turgenev (1818-1883): Author of Fathers and Sons, First Love and The Sportsman's Sketchbook. He was the first major Russian novelist to have an international readership, counting Henry James and Gustave Flaubert among his friends, and he was highly influential in Russia but over time his pro-Western liberal positions earned him scorn from both the Left and the Right. His short-stories were highly influential on Ernest Hemingway.
20th century: The "Silver Age" and the Soviet period
- Isaac Babel: Wrote Tales of Odessa, Red Cavalry, and other works.
- Andrey Bely (18801934): Poet, literary critic, and novelist, best known for his book, Petersburg which Nabokov and many others consider the greatest Russian-language novel of the 20th Century, a masterpiece on the same plateau as Ulysses.
- Mikhail Bulgakov: Wrote The Master and Margarita, Heart of a Dog, Black Snow, Ivan Vasilievich, "The Fatal Eggs", and others. Living in early USSR times, he was proud enough to make fun of its ugly parts, and lucky to score Josef Stalin himself as a Big Name Fan.
- Anton Chekhov — yes, THE Chekhov. Wrote tons of short stories, of which perhaps the most famous is "The Lady with the Little Dog", and some legendary plays like The Cherry Orchard and The Seagull. Deemed heavily influential on Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, and most 20th Century dramatists and short story writers.
- Vladimir Nabokov: Famous for writing great books in both Russian and English. He wrote Glory, Despair and The Gift in Russian, and the infamous Lolita and Pale Fire in English. At Cornell University he was professor of Russian Literature and wrote many scholarly works on Gogol, Pushkin, Turgenev and other writers, as well as translations of A Hero of Our Time, The Tale of Igor and Eugene Onegin.
- Boris Pasternak: Wrote Doctor Zhivago and many poems.
- Ilf and Petrov: 1920's-30's satirical writers. Authors of The Twelve Chairs and The Little Golden Calf.
- Andrei Platonov (1899-1951): A soviet-era author whose work was rediscovered during the 90s. Best known for The Foundation Pit and his other works written in experimental styles despite official policies of Socialist Realism which was the major reason his works were banned.
- Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn: Wrote One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich and The Gulag Archipelago. Won a Nobel Prize in 1970. Immensely famous and influential in The '60s and The '70s, his reputation declined afterwards, when he became another anti-Western slavophile in the tradition of Dostoevsky. His name is often mentioned when 'crimes of communism' are discussed.
- Strugatsky Brothers Arkady and Boris: Soviet era Science Fiction writers. There are a number of films based on their writings. Their novel Roadside Picnic inspired the video game Stalker.
- Kir Bulychev: A friend of the Strugatskys, he also wrote sci-fi, most notably the Alice, Girl from the Future series. He is also a historian and wrote several educational books.
- Ivan Yefremov: Wrote Thaïs of Athens and the Great Ring cycle.
- Vainer Brothers: Detective novel writing duo. Authors of The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed and The Vertical Races.
- Nikolay Nosov: a children's author from the mid-Soviet period. His most known work is the trilogy Adventures of Dunno.
Contemporary literature: Post-Soviet period to Present Day
- Sergey Lukyanenko, a popular modern Russian Speculative Fiction author. He wrote Night Watch, one of the most popular recent fantasy novels in Russia and his most famous work in the English-speaking world.
- The Erast Fandorin series, the Reconstruction of Russian detective genre starting in late '90s.
- Arcia Chronicles, a High Fantasy novel series, and Reflections of Eterna, a Low Fantasy series by Vera Kamsha, who is sometimes called the Russian G. R. R. Martin.
- Labyrinths of Echo by Max Frei. Another popular fantasy series.
- Oleg Divov: one of the most popular modern Russian sci-fi authors.
- Nick Perumov is probably the second most well-known after Lukyanenko; he is better known for his fantasy works.
- Victor Pelevin: is something of an oddball. His works can be described as highly postmodernistic Magical Realism. Think Russian Grant Morrison on even more drugs.
- Vladimir Sorokin: another postmodernist, who focuses on more grotesque and shocking aspects of Russian society. A few of his works have pretty offensive scenes, like scenes of coprophagia and rape, which became All There Is to Know About "The Crying Game" for his books.