This entry is trivia, which is cool and all, but not a trope. On a work, it goes on the Trivia tab.
Torch the Franchise and Run
A writer has created a franchise, but they don't own the legal rights to what will happen to the franchise, the publisher/network/studio/whatever does. Or maybe they share the rights with someone else and just doesn't have as much control as they would like. They wants to stop writing it and move on to something else.
But they don't want anyone else being able to handle their property, even though they don't legally own it. And even if they did own the franchise, what happens when their kids get their hands on the franchise after their inevitable death? The solution? Torch the franchise and run. Write one last story that totally wrecks everything. They kills off everyone they possibly can. They make the lives of all of the characters a living hell before executing them. They make 100% sure that everyone is dead, and those that aren't have no way of returning to the status quo or main premise of the show.
Essentially the authorial version of breaking your own toys so that nobody else can play with them.
See also: Kill 'em All, though this is done less for the story and more for the personal or legal satisfaction of the author. Related to Writer Revolt. When this happens in a physical sense, you get Trash the Set.
Fan backlash can cause this to backfire in the most unpleasant ways, even before there was an Internet to inspire an Internet Backdraft. This may force the author to use an Author's Saving Throw if the new franchise they attempt to start sinks like a stone, either because it didn't have the same spark as the old series or their old audience is so angry at them they refuse to follow them.
As many of these examples show, this isn't guaranteed to succeed even in its main goal of ending the franchise, never mind the fan reaction. If the publishers want to keep the franchise going badly enough, they'll find a way, whether that's making prequels, finding a way to press the Reset Button, or, if push comes to shove, retconning the entire Downer Ending and restarting from an earlier point. If an author attempts this, fails, and the "new direction" is well received, then it's a Springtime for Hitler.
Not to be confused with Franchise Killer, which describes a work in a franchise that's received so poorly there probably won't be any more installments anyway regardless of what damage is done to the status quo.
His most infamous case of this happening was with Mobile Suit Victory Gundam, which, legend says, he wrote deliberately to try to kill off Gundam for good. Didn't stop them from making more.
In a way he kinda succeed, since no animation or manga has been made that chronologically take place after Victory Gundam.
The novelization of Mobile Suit Gundam has protagonist Amuro Ray get killed during the final battle and ends with almost all the White Base crew retiring from the military. However, Tomino has said he wasn't going for this trope, but simply wrote the last novel without anticipating that the series would catch on, and that had he known otherwise he wouldn't have killed off Amuro.
Master of Martial Hearts ended its last episode with a huge Take That towards its viewers, anime in general, and especially panty fighter series. It wasn't exactly the highest-quality production in the first place, but still.
Mahou Sensei Negima! received an extremely abrupt Distant Finale ending that had many fans puzzled as to the remaining unresolved plot threads. A short time later it surfaced that Akamatsu had decided to end the series as a protest against his publisher Kodansha for their attempts to take away all the rights to the work, including the copyright itself. Nobody is killed off, however, the story goes out of its way to make any sort of continuation completely impossible. The Big Bad is dealt with off-screen somehow and the romance is left ambiguous apart from Ship Sinking for the four most popular pairings for the main character. And then Akamatsu returned to Kodansha anyway and announced he would be starting a new series entirely. Even before the abrupt ending Akamatsu had long suffered from Executive Meddling forcing the Unwanted Harem elements into the series after the success of his previous series and Tough Act to FollowLove Hina, when Akamatsu wanted to try writing shonen. Pretty much the entire series was characterized by a Writer Revolt from begin to end.
Grant Morrison ended his run on the comic book Doom Patrol by pretty much torching the place down. The leader turned out to be evil, some characters died, others were permanently exiled to another dimension. The writer who took over only had one or two characters to work with.
This is not without precedent, however: the first version of the Doom Patrol ended with all the main characters dying. The version that came before Morrison's version ended with some of the cast dying and one of them in a coma. Interestingly, Morrison's version (which was one of the most popular) ended with only two characters dead and the rest walking away into the sunset.
Interestingly, when his run on the much-higher-profile Justice League of America ended, he only wrote out the characters he'd introduced during his run, leaving the same core 'Big Seven' team he started with, and essentially handing the next writer a blank slate. And the only character who died was one Morrison himself had created, since the character's own comic was cancelled before it had a chance to end properly.
All signs are pointing to this being what he's going to do once he's done with his run on Batman Incorporated, what with Damian Wayne's death and possibly the end of Batman Inc itself.
X-Men spin-off X-Statix creator Peter Milligan did this in the book's final issue. Not that this stopped him from revisiting the characters for a miniseries set in the afterlife.
Peter David left his original run as writer on The Incredible Hulk under unpleasant circumstances. So he killed off Betty Banner in a sudden, horrific, ironically tragic, yet not really logical way (she'd been married to Bruce for years. Why did she suddenly wake up covered with radiation burns one morning?), and then made his last issue an alternate future issue set many years in the future, tying off all the comic's loose ends and giving everyone a very sad but definitive ending. Paul Jenkins, the next major Hulk writer, and most of the fandom treated most of David's last issue as a What If? story (though Betty stayed dead for a few years).
In 1990, after getting a deal with DC, Alan Grant killed off Johnny Alpha, the protagonist of Strontium Dog, to prevent any new writers from messing with him. A few years later, John Wagner started writing prequels, and recently brought Johnny Back from the Dead, to the disgust of the fanbase.
Alan Moore may or may not have wanted to prevent anyone else from using the characters from Watchmen, but its bleak ending and thorough Deconstruction of the superhero genre certainly had that effect all the same. This is the reason why the story uses expies of the Charlton Comics superheroes: Moore was initially hired to write a story using the Charlton characters themselves, but DC executives looked at his first draft and realized that if they published the story they'd never be able to use the characters again. They asked him to either change the story or change the superheroes, and he changed the superheroes. Watchmen remained a standalone miniseries for over 20 years—and when DC finally did decide to make more stories in that 'verse, they commissioned the new writers to create prequels instead of attempting to continue from where Watchmen ended, and even then it's proven hugely controversial.
And Allan Heinberg did this to the Young Avengers in Avengers: The Childrens Crusade #9. But only by splitting them up so if a writer really wanted to they could bring them back together.
Played-Subver-...Something in Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew!, fantasy writer Ezra Hound attempts to kill off his hero, Bow-Zar the Barkbarian, so he can write serious fiction. Bow-Zar, in turn, time travels to the present and attempts to kill off Ezra Hound.
Similarly, one backup story in Marvel's Conan the Barbarian featured a Robert E. Howard stand-in trying to kill off "Starr the Slayer" (an obvious knockoff of Conan) but the eponymous character somehow came through the fourth wall and slew him before he could do so.
The sad story of DC character Mystek was this. Writer Christopher Priest created her as a new character with the hopes of getting her own mini-series. To test the waters, DC Comics asked Priest to put her into other titles, placing her in The Ray and later having her join Justice League Task Force. In the end, DC decided that a Mystek mini just wouldn't be worth it and Priest, stuck with a character that DC now owned and he didn't want anyone to use, promptly had her shot out of an airlock, literally.
Robert Crumb hated the Fritz the Cat movie. So much in fact, that he killed off the character so they couldn't make a sequel. It didn't work.
Kieron Gillen came out and said (mucho spoilers, by the way) this was the reason behind the ending of his run on Journey into Mystery. In the fullness of history, the probability of Kid!Loki being written back into villainy approaches one, so Gillen tied up all his outstanding plotlines and literally wrote Kid!Loki out of existence. Oh, and had Old!Loki take over his body.
He then, however, had Kid!Loki reappear in his Young Avengers run as a Spirit Advisor to Old!Loki, although it's not clear whether it's a genuine haunting or a delusion.
The generally-well-received Yu-Gi-Oh Jr. trilogy by Brian Corvello (a Continuation series) had plans for a follow-up, but they went on the back burner for a while so he could work on other projects. When he returned to the setting with Legacy of the Sorcerer Kings, the story didn't do nearly as well as its predecessors, with many readers complaining in particular about its Always Chaotic Evil portrayal of atheists. Its sequel, Soul of Silicon, was all but ignored, and thus Corvello used the story's epilogue as a Where Are They Now ending that completely closed off the setting.
Iron Man 3 is the last film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe that Robert Downey, Jr. had been contracted for. It ends with Tony Stark destroying all his Iron Man armours and getting the shrapnel and arc reactor removed from his chest, all so he can live a relatively normal life with Pepper, providing some closure. And now he's officially signed on for Avengers 2 and 3, but at this point it seems that there aren't any plans for another Iron Man solo project with Downey as the title character.
Joss Whedon has confirmed that he plans on honoring the ending of Iron Man 3, but that Tony Stark will still appear in Avengers: Age of Ultron. He's since hinted that Tony might have kept at least one spare armor just in case Iron Man were ever needed again, possibly the one that was holding up the oil rig during the climax, which is presumably still there.
Infocom's Enchanter trilogy, set in the same universe as the Zork trilogy, ended with all magic in the world being destroyed in Spellbreaker because it was the only way to stop the Big Bad from remaking the world in its own image. However, this did not prevent two more games set in that universe (Beyond Zork, which takes place concurrently with Spellbreaker, and Zork Zero, which is set many years before), from being published before Infocom's demise presumably prevented further official sequels for good. It also didn't prevent Activision from creating graphical Zork games set centuries afterward in which another age of magic occured.
In Stationfall, the sequel to the popular Planetfall, Steve Meretzky had the Robot Buddy Floyd killed off because he didn't want to do a third game. After Infocom's demise, Activision was planning on doing a graphical sequel anyway (tentatively titled The Search For Floyd), but the project was soon cancelled. There were also two novels loosely based on the games and set after the events of the games, by Arthur Byron Cover, but these novels were generally poorly received.
L. Frank Baum was caught in a situation like this. He desperately wanted to stop writing stories about the Land of Oz, but his publisher and fans wouldn't let him. He had established that nothing dies in the land of Oz, so he couldn't kill anyone off. In the sixth book, he tried to use the Literary Agent Hypothesis to justify never writing a single thing about Oz again because an invasion caused Oz to become isolationist and totally cut off all contact with the outside world, thus promising to never ever write another story about Oz ever again. When his other books failed to sell as well, he had to begin writing stories about Oz again to pay his bills, backpedaling and explaining that they discovered the radio in Oz that Dorothy could use to broadcast Baum news about Oz.
Andre Norton shut down the Witch World series in a somewhat similar manner. The last Witch World novel has every single character from the series traveling all over the world to shut down all the Gates so that no one and nothing can come through from Outside again, ever. So far it has stuck.
One of the earliest examples is Sherlock Holmes' original death. Also backfired.
In-fiction example: In Stephen King's Misery, the author/main character kills off his ongoing romance character and then is forced to resurrect her by a demented fan (the Kathy Bates character in the movie).
There was a post-apocalyptic pulp-novel series called The Last Ranger. In the final novel they blew up the Earth.
Done in-universe in the Hyperion Cantos: the poet Martin Silenus, finally realizing that his profitable The Dying Earth series of booksnote Yes, the title is a tribute to Jack Vance. Now have a cookie. has become a brain-dead Cliché Storm, decides to just kill the thing off, completely and utterly, so that he can go and search for his "muse" and work on real poetry. (Though in fact his audience had such bad taste that the torching didn't work, but he decided to walk away and let his publishers do what they willed with it.)
This is why the title character regains his sanity and dies at the end of Don Quixote. After publishing what became Part One, Cervantes was dismayed to see other writers producing unauthorized Quixote stories of their own, so he wrote Part Two as he did to give the character a definite ending.
Similiarly, Agatha Christie killed off Hercule Poirot in Curtain to give the character a definite ending and prevent other writers from writing more books with him after her death. She actually wrote Curtain during World War II, worried about the possibility of being killed in the London Blitz, but as she wasn't, she continued writing for several decades, and Curtain was not published until a few months before her death in 1976.
Larry Niven'sKnown Space nearly had one of its own. In 1968 Niven had decided there wasn't much left to say in that particular universe, and asked his friend Norman Spinrad what he should do with it. Spinrad suggested writing a story that basically destroys the entire thing (Niven never asked why, saying he and Spinrad think alike). This story, Down in Flames, was outlined but abandoned when Niven read about Dyson Spheres and was inspired to write Ringworld. Ringworld and Down in Flames use mutually opposing assumptions about canon (DiF assumes the Core Explosion was a hoax and a Tnuctipun conspiracy, Ringworld accepts the Core Explosion happened and that the Tnuctipun have been dead for a billion years as early stories said), making it impossible to use "Down in Flames" and keeping the 'verse alive.
1977 version discussed the possibility of the explosion and tied it and Ringworld into the story. But by then Niven was even less inclined to end the series.
The protagonist of The Witcher novel series gets killed with a pitchfork in the last book. Most of named characters are already dead, are dying or will be dead soon. And just to Salt the Earth, whole world will also plummet into The Black Death-like epidemic, as if being doomed to die in an ice age wasn't enough. Then, the video game comes out with a Cosmic Retcon. Now, the author threatens to introduce another Cosmic Retcon of his own with a new book he's writing, disregarding the video game continuity. The fandom ain't rejoicing. In an interview from the Enhanced Edition of the game, Andrzej Sapkowski stated that he is fine with the games existing views them as valid stories in the continuity... but during 2012 Polcon, Sapkowski did a U-turn and declared the new continuity non-canon. He also said that he won't go back to writing Geralt... but he will stick with his world, so fandom still can't rejoice.
Dragons of Summer Flame effectively killed the Dragonlance franchise despite numerous attempts to repair it.
And just to be thorough, the authors even insisted that TSR remove Lord Soth from the Ravenloft setting, then proceeded to kill him off. Not only did they torch their own franchise, they didn't even leave its Crossover character un-singed.
Some suspect R.A. Salvatore is trying to do this with the Drizzt novels because A) he doesn't want a lesser author writing his best-known character and B) he may be running out of ideas.
There are numerous rumors that he attempted to leave the series in 1997, which led to the commissioning a new Drizzt novel called Shores of Dusk from another author. Salvatore came back to the series and the (apparently completed) Shores of Dusk never saw the light of day.
Before the release of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, there was speculation as to who JK Rowling was going to kill off. Some predicted that she would kill off the main characters simply to stop other people taking them and continuing the story on their own. She didn't, though. Not all of them, anyway. Rowling occasionally implied she would, though Harry's death ends up coming with a loophole that lets him come back.
The final book in Animorphs ended the main conflict and thrust the team into a Bolivian Army Ending three years later, strongly hinting that every member of the team died but Cassie. Ironically, this final book was titled The Beginning.
The end of Six Feet Under doesn't preclude a revival so much as make it entirely redundant.
The acrimony between Amy Sherman-Palladino and Warner Bros. was so great that when she couldn't be signed on for a seventh season of Gilmore Girls she crippled the show so much in the sixth season finale that most of the fanbase refuses to accept that The CW-fied seventh season ever happened; new show head David Rosenthal was unable to do much of anything, and most of the characters were miswritten.
This is how Richard Castle of Castle ended his Derrick Storm novels so he could begin the new Nikki Heat series. He gets quite a bit of flack for it until the Heat books take off.
Three of the four series of Blackadder ended by killing off some or all of their main characters either as a real or parody version of this as they’d all be alive and reincarnated in a different time period the following series. The third one was the only one that didn't. Sure, the Prince Regent died, but it's okay. Blackadder took his place.
The Finder ended with Walter arrested, Isabel losing as her badge and Willa has to run away to escape an arranged marriage with her cousin, and Leo is all alone.
One explanation for the "It was all an autistic child playing with a snow globe" ending in St. Elsewhere, as no other expalnation makes sense (most of the plots were far beyond anything an isolated child would be able to think up all by himself.
One of the episodes of Friday the 13th: The Series revolved around a cursed comic book that could turn it's possesors into an invincible comic book character. However on learning that the creator of the character had tried to Torch the Franchise and Run but been stopped, they were able to find out the character's one weakness via his artwork.
Power Rangers in Space certainly went in this direction, what with Zordon dying and his energies being used to purify all evil and apparently take away the Rangers' powers.. Obviously it didn't stick.
John Darling was a comic strip spin-off from Funky Winkerbean by Tom Batiuk that ran about 12 years. Batiuk and his syndicate came into conflict over the rights so Batiuk killed off the title character and ended the strip, leaving the syndicate with a worthless property. Years later, Batiuk revisited the story in FW to solve the murder. Later still, introduced Darling's daughter, Jessica, as part of the FW cast.
Jim Davis ended his first comic strip, Gnorm Gnat, when he got bored with it by having Gnorm stomped by a giant foot.
Debatably done with the Mother video game series. Itoi wanted the series to end with MOTHER 3, so he destroyed what little else remained of the entire world, and failed to answer the question of how the characters survived that - but they all personally insist to the player that they survived and they're happy. Somehow. Itoi said that the original script for the game was even darker, so the original ending was probably meant to Kill 'em All.
Logan's Shadow seems to have done this for the Syphon Filter series, with the possible deaths of several main characters and no plans for further sequels.
Alan Wake has an in-universe example, where Alan Wake is planning to end his popular mystery series by killing off the main character.
Monkey Island 2: LeChuck's Revenge has the infamous mind screw ending which implies that the creators just wanted the series to end or screw over whoever would take over the series after they left.
The final game in the Championship Manager series created by Sports Interactive was so bad that there is widespread belief that the company deliberately made it horrible, knowing they were going to split and create their new Football Manager series.
Dead Space 3: Awakened ends with the Brethren Moons fully awakening and beginning their campaign of genocide on the galaxy, and there is literally nothing Isaac, Carver or anyone can do to stop them, making further sequels all but impossible.
For context, here is the Ducktales Issue 3 as covered by a blog and here is the same comic as covered by Cartoon Brew.
In "The Day the Music Died" by Sam Starbuck, a short story about everything possible going wrong with a Harry Potter-like fandom at once, this is one of the things that goes wrong. The author — who's writing the last novel of a series while on his deathbed — decides to finish with an apocalypse to prevent anyone from writing any sequels after his death.
A variant happens in one tandem writing assignment discussed on snopes. Rebecca, disliking her partner Gary's attempt to derail the story she was writing into a science fiction action story, responded by killing off the male lead and attempting to write him into a corner by having Congress end the war with Skylon 4 and outlaw war and space travel. He then managed to get around this by having another alien faction attack, killing the female lead and causing the president to decide to veto the treaty. Rebecca then gave up in disgust.
When Fishmonger, one of the more prominent writers for the SCP Foundation, was banned due to bad behavior, he demanded that all of his works on the site be deleted on the threat of legal action. For a while, this left holes in what passed for series continuity as several SC Ps, human characters and chunks of backstory vanished into thin air. But since then, newer stories and characters overshadowed older ones, and the holes aren't really obvious anymore.
This has also led to one of the current motto's of that site. "There is no canon."
A minor example was used in Justice League Unlimited. As part of the grand finale, they kill just about ALL of the new Legion of Doom, leaving 13 survivors from the entire Rogue's gallery.
On Rocko's Modern Life, Ralph Bighead has had great success with his cartoon The Fatheads. The network execs want him to do a new season, but he promises them a new series that's even better. He then recruits Rocko, Filbert, and Heffer to create a cartoon for him, something that will get him fired so he can work on rock sculptures in the desert. Thus Wacky Delly is born. But, lots of people like the new series, even more than his other one, even when he does an episode focusing silently on a jar of mayo the whole time. Rocko convinces him to just go with it, and Ralph writes a new episode that he actually puts time and effort into. Everyone hates that one, and he gets his wish.