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In the late '80s and The '90s, a genre known as the "hood film" emerged in the US. The focus is on working-class black or (less commonly) Latino life in American urban ghettoes (or "'hoods," being shorthand for an "urban neighborhood"). Common themes include gang violence, Police Brutality, institutional racism, Teen Pregnancy, Junkie Parents, and commonplace problems of growing up in poverty. Hip-Hop music and culture often feature heavily. Most, especially in the genre's early days, were made by up-and-coming black filmmakers eager to see their stories told on the big screen, not unlike how the British Kitchen Sink Drama was crafted by upwardly-mobile men of working-class backgrounds; perhaps not surprisingly, one can find a number of similar tropes across the two genres.

The genre is also sometimes called the "urban crime" genre, but not all films focus on Gang Bangers and other criminal activities.

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Sub-trope to Kitchen Sink Drama. Compare to Blaxploitation. Not to be confused with In the Hood, which is about hooded clothing.


Examples:

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    Films — Live-Action 
  • 1988's Lean on Me is a somewhat biographical film about a black principal, Joe Clark, who takes over a New Jersey high school in a Black neighborhood and tries to reform its delinquent students.
  • 1991's Boyz n the Hood is the Trope Codifier. It's about a group of young adults in South Los Angeles who get caught up in gang violence. Tre starts out as a Mouthy Kid who is sent to live with his strict father after he gets into a fight at school, and makes friends with some neighborhood kids, including two brothers who get in trouble for shop-lifting. Fast-forward seven years, and Tre struggles with his relationship and his plans on getting into college as his friends get involved in gang life.
  • Don't Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood is a Wayans Bros. parody of the genre. Ashtray is left by his mother to live with his estranged father (who is literally younger than him) in the hood. While hanging out with his crazy cousin Loc Dog and their friends, he quickly gets caught up in violence and crime.
  • The early films of Spike Lee are some of the earliest examples, with 1989's Do the Right Thing, about racial tensions between the black and Italian residents of Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, often seen as the Genre Popularizer.
  • Friday is this mixed with a Stoner Flick. It's about two men, Craig and Smokey, who need to pay a drug dealer before the end of the day. Smokey was supposed to be selling weed, but he ended up smoking it all. His friend Craig gets dragged into his mess.
  • The House Party films (at least the first three) are a comedy version of this. The first one especially is more skewered toward this this, involving some bits of the aforementioned examples.
  • Juice is about four young men growing in Harlem, NY. The story follows the day-to-day activities in the boys' lives, starting out as innocent mischief and Skipping School, but growing more serious as time passes by, as well as the struggles that they face, including family drama and police harassment.
  • Menace II Society centers around a gangster named Caine and his friend O-Dog living in the streets of Watts, Los Angeles. Caine's father was a drug-dealer and his mother was a Junkie Parent, so he was sent to live with his grandparents at a young age. Caine's the only one of his friends to graduate high school, but he still ends up on the criminal path.
  • Moonlight is a Queer Romance take on the genre, about a gay man growing up in Miami. Chiron falls for his childhood friend, but over the course of the film he deals with bullying, homophobia, the criminal court system, and other troubles.
  • Tales from the Hood mixes the hood movie genre with a Horror Anthology, with segments featuring plots such as a dead African American politician returning from the dead to enact vengeance on the policemen who brutalized and killed him, an army of puppets housing the souls of massacred slaves tormenting a David Duke-esque figure, and a violent black gangbanger being tormented in hell for the suffering he inflicted on his neighborhood.

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