The 501st JFW, also known as the Strike Witches, is a specialist unit composed entirely of witches originally stationed in Britannia and later in Romagna. Although their primary duty is defending the area where they are stationed from neuroi, they are the ones responsible for liberating Gallia from the neuroi. After the liberation of Gallia, they were disbanded, however they were reformed in Romagna to help defend the area. During the liberation of Gallia, they were one of the squadrons under the command of Trevor Maloney, after they were reformed to defend Romagna they were placed under the command of Adolfine Galland.
Amplifier Artifact: Their striker units function as magical amplifiers as well strengthening their spells.
Child Soldiers: They range in age form twelve to twenty (meaning the older ones don't count for this trope). Given the generally optimistic tone of the show, the darker side of this trope is never explored.
Five Rounds Rapid: The vast majority of their firepower accomplishes exactly nothing. Only when the core is exposed or when the Neuroi deploys drones does their firepower actually do something.
This has little to do with the guns the girls are using and a lot to do with the structure of the Neuroi themselves. Pretty much everyone can inflict significant damage on the shell of a neuroi, the problem is that said shells can completely regenerate from having whole wings cleaved off of them in just a few seconds, so nothing short of a direct hit on the core will put them down.
Flying Brick: In addition to a nifty unique power, all witches have increased strength, endurance, and durability. They also have access to basic magics like shields and flight, meaning they are essentially all flying bricks.
Improbably Female Cast: The overwhelmingly female demographics of the witches is hardly unique since magic is pretty much an all girl party. What justifies the presence of this trope is Minna enacting a rule that prevents any guys from getting anywhere near the limelight.
Instant Runes: These are created whenever the girls raise a shield and whenever they take off.
Power Glows: Whenever the girls of the 501st call upon their magic they glow in addition to growing animal features.
Ragtag Bunch of Misfits: For the same reason that witches are pulled from everywhere, they are also pulled from all walks of life.
Also before the Neuroi invasion the military appears to be composed of mostly men so there was a scramble to recruit witches who are almost exclusively female from the civilian populations. This coupled with the seeming lack of formal training means that the Strike Witches are mildly military to put it lightly.
These are the maidens who make up the 501st Joint Fighter Wing, better known as the Strike Witches.
"Her latent ability is impressive indeed. Not only with regards to her magic, but she also has perseverance and determination. It's my mission and duty to guide her on her path to becoming a full-fledged Witch, for the sake of my, no, the world's benefactor, Dr. Miyafuji." —Mio
Sergeant Yoshika Miyafuji comes from a family of magical doctors on the island nation of Fuso. Her father was responsible for the creation of the Striker Unit, magically powered engines that amplify magic, to counter the Neuroi. However her father was killed in the war tainting Yoshika's perception of it. She was initially reluctant when Mio came to recruit her, but after helping to defend the Fuso fleet from a Neroi attack, she agreed to join the 501st Strike Witches. Yoshika's striker unit is based on the Mitsubishi Zero A6M3a and she carries around a Type 99 13mm machine gun. She's named after the WWII ace Kanayoshi Mutou.
Accidental Pervert: She has a habit of staring and grabbing onto the breasts of the well endowed members of the unit, though Lynette's the usual target. She even unconsciously does it in her sleep!
All Loving Heroine: On top of just being a really pleasant person who doesn't bear grudges, she's the only one willing to negotiate with the Neuroi. Played Up to Eleven in The Movie, despite or (perhaps because) her lack of power.
Badass Normal: In the "The Movie", even without her Witch Powers she destroyed a huge Neuroi tower with a machine-gun she can barely carry and a Jeep all by herself.
Barrier Warrior: Her shields are noted to be far stronger than average and she seems to have a higher magical capacity than most.
Beware the Nice Ones: She's very nearly a pacifist. The first time she really seems to want the Neuroi to die right now is after it almost kills Lynne. She even goes on a short Roaring Rampage of Revenge to do it. After a Dungeon Bypassstraight through its center of motion, firing her machine gun all the way.
Bi the Way: In spite of her close Les Yay relationship with Lynne-chan, Yoshika is still overjoyed at receiving her very first love letter from a boy; namely an admirer in the Fuso navy. Something might have come of it if Minna didn't rain on her parade and ended the relationship before it even began by pulling rank.
Chronic Hero Syndrome: In The Movie, it seems that Yoshika must stop and help others whenever there is an 'opportunity' to help, even though that means facing up against a Neuroi with nothing but a machine gun that she can barely lift.
Combat Medic: She possesses strong healing magic yet still mixes it up in combat.
And once more in The Movie, while bleeding out on the ground, the collective call of everyone in the 501st lets her get her magic back.
Another example from The Movie: She doesn't let the little difficulty of having no magic keep her from lugging a gun into a nearby Jeep in order to protect a village Basically, there's never ever a good time to get on her bad side.
Heroic Sacrifice: At the end of the second season, she uses up all her magical power in order to save Mio and destroy the Neuroi core.
Naďve Newcomer: The newest one into the squadron, and due to Japan's relative isolation from the war she has very little idea of what has been going on.
Nice Girl: Again, she treats everybody with compassion and doesn't hold grudges. Not even against Perrine, who's constantly insulting her.
Orphan's Plot Trinket: In the first season Yoshika's striker unit is a memento left by her dead father. She later uses it to blow up a gigantic Neuroi core and liberate Gallia. Likewise the Shinden Striker Unit in season 2, which is based on her father's research.
Stone Wall: Her shields are very good, but she seems to have a far lower kill rate than everybody else in the squadron.
Team Chef: She's pressed into this role after joining because nobody else can cook, although Lynette is often seen helping her.
Even after the other members start showing off their culinary skills, Yoshika and Lynette are often the default chefs of the unit.
10-Minute Retirement: She quits military at the end of Season 2, but Shizuka pick her up back to Venetia in The Movie. Then she gets her power back during a very crucial moment, so She's Back in action with full glory.
Lynette Bishop ("Lynne")
"Other members of the unit? Lynne was the first friend I made after coming here to Britannia. She showed me around in the base and was very kind! That made me happy... And... that big bosom.... wah! Nothing! It's nothing!" — Yoshika
Sergeant (later Master Sergeant) Lynette Bishop is a very personable, if a bit shaky, sniper from Britannia. Lynette is the middle child of eight siblings and was sometimes overlooked. Because of this, she's very domestic and painfully shy. She joined the Strike Witches shortly before Yoshika to help protect her homeland. Lynette is assigned to be Yoshika's roommate, where the two quickly become friends. Her striker unit is based on the Supermarine Spitfire Mk. IX and she lugs around a Boys Anti-Tank Rifle in battle. Her sister, Wilma Bishop, is named after the WWI Ace William Avery Bishop.
Or alternatively; Minna just saved Yoshika, Lynne, the viewers and the series from a random, generic male love interest that would have turned the series into another crappy, overplayed, Harem Story. After that incident is dealt with Lynne and Yoshika become closer than ever before.
"Sakamoto-san? She's kind, but can be pretty strict sometimes. She told me about the work my father had done, and I'm very grateful for that. Although it surprised me when we met for the first time and she told me that “I would come to her sooner or later”!" —Yoshika
Major Mio Sakamoto, the second in command of the Strike Witches, worked with Yoshika's father on the Striker Units and is therefore the oldest witch. As a veteran of the initial fights against the Neuroi, she is far tougher and more disciplined than most of the Strike Witches. Her primary job is to train new recruits and takes a no-nonsense "tough love" approach to her duties. As the second in command of the Strike Witches she supports Minna and maintains discipline when out of battle and locates the weak point of Neuroi with her magic eye in battle. Her striker is based on the Mutsubishi Zero A6M3a in season one and the Kawanishi N1K in season two: in battle she carries a Type 99 13mm machine gun and a katana. Her character is named after WWII aces Saburo Sakai. She is known for her distinctive, hearty laugh.
Death Seeker: Though far from a fatalist, Mio still intends her death to be a glorious one in battle, befitting of a Fuso Warrior. Tragically, she finally plays this trope straight in Episode 11 of Season 2, when her life as a warrior comes to an end.
Fragile Speedster: In the second season her striker unit is upgraded, making it far faster and more maneuverable. She doesn't have a shield, so the only thing between her and extra crispy is her reflexes.
Heroic BSOD: Not only does she have no shield anymore, but Reppumaru ate up almost all of her magic to the point that she can't even fire off Reppuzan anymore.
Honor Before Reason: On top of acting like a stereotypical samurai, she refuses to be sidelined since her ability is critical to the squadron's success. Even after she loses her shield she continues to fight, even though even a glancing hit from a Neuroi laser would be enough to critically injure her.
Hot-Blooded: A bit more tempered than most, but is not one to back down from a fight.
Lady of War: Again, modeled after a stereotypical samurai.
Losing Is Worse Than Death: And Mio unhesitantly charged into the latter, having finally and literally exhausted her life as a warrior in Season 2 Episode 11.
Magic Knight: She lacks some magical capacity but makes up for it with increased martial skill.
Meaningful Name: Her sword means "gale" and is named after a Japanese plane model that never entered service.
Number Two: She is second in command of the Strike Witches and supports Minna whenever she can. For example, when enacting discipline, she often plays "bad cop" to Minna's "good cop".
Oblivious to Love: She shows absolutely no awareness of the fact that both Perrine and Minna have crushes on her. Minna at least tries to be subtle about it, but not noticing Perrine's feelings takes work.
"Wing Commander Minna? Yes, she's a fantastic person! She's always smiling... and she feels like a very mature woman. I wish I could be more like her. She somewhat reminds me of a mother." —Yoshika
Wing Commander, or Oberstleutnant, Minna Dietlinde Wilcke is the leader of the 501st joint fighter wing and the commander of the Karlsland Air Force. After the Neuroi appeared and her lover was killed, she gave up her dream of becoming a singer to join the Karlsland Air Force. Because of her traumatic past, the safety of her subordinates is her top priority. Despite her kind and gentle demeanor she will go to any lengths to protect her subordinates. She is even willing to issue orders specifically to prevent them from being hurt and she was the one behind the order forbidding male workers in the base from socializing with the witches. Her striker unit is based on the Messerschmitt BF109G2 and her weapon is the MG42 machine gun. Her character is named after the WWII ace Wolf-Dietrich Wilcke.
Broken Bird: Became bitter with the death of her first love, and rather self-righteously tries to stop anyone else from falling in love as a result, with the justification of "not wanting her comrades to experience the same pain."
The Captain: Despite her demeanor, she's clearly the one running things although she doesn't hold the rank of Captain.
Extreme Omnivore: While not a Big Eater, Not only can Minna consume foods and drinks that the rest of the squadron can barely stomach, but she actually likes them. Examples include tea that Lynette put too much sugar in, and Lamprey oil (She asked for seconds!).
Mama Bear: She is willing to go to any lengths to prevent her subordinates from being harmed.
Meaningful Name: Her archetype pilot is named Wolf, she gains wolf features.
Mission Control: Minna's power gives her acute knowledge of her surroundings which allows her to determine unit positions in 3D, unit allegiance, and unit health. She uses this in battle to help her direct her forces. When she sits out of a battle, she is usually in front of a radar giving orders.
Well-Intentioned Extremist: She's willing to do a lot to ensure her subordinate's safety, including pulling a gun on one of her best friends.
Yandere: Her behavior toward the end of the first season — specifically, pulling a gun on Mio to keep her from fighting when she's losing her power — can be considered this. She gets over it, though.
X-Ray Vision: Minna's ability essentially lets her see everything in her proximity out to a respectable yet unspecified distance. In battle it makes her a mobile CIC: out of battle it allows her to keep tabs on her subordinates.
Perrine Henriette Clostermann
"Perrine? Yes, it feels like she's always mad at me. I wonder why...? I know I make a lot of mistakes all the time, but I still don't think she has to be that hard on me... Sakamoto-san told me being strict on someone is a way to show you have hopes for them, but I wonder..." —Yoshika
Flying Officer Perrine H. Clostermann is a rich Gallian noble that saw her home destroyed when the Neuroi invaded Gallia. She joined the Strike Witches in their liberation of Gallia to help free her homeland from the Neuroi. She admires Mio and quickly develops a dislike of Yoshika due to their closeness. Her dislike eventually turns to full blown jealousy as she challenges Yoshika to a duel. Eventually she does come to view Yoshika as a comrade, but still makes constant attempts to win Mio's attention and to make Yoshika look bad. Her striker unit is based on the Arsenal VG 39 and her weapon is the Bren Light Machine Gun Mk1. She is also seen carrying a rapier in some official art, which doesn't show up until midway through season 2. Her character is named after the WWII Ace Pierre Clostermann.
Butt Monkey: Her foot seems magnetically attracted to her mouth: One time she insults Miyafuji for bringing in foul tasting Lamprey oil as a health drink only to find out seconds later that Mio brought it. Also, almost everything she does tends to backfire horribly for her.
Used literally in episode 7 of season 2 — a Neuroi bug crawls into her butt crack, and when she pulls down her tights and panties Francesca shoots her in the rear with a high pressure firehose (using a scope from a Mosin-Nagant no less).
Hidden Heart of Gold: There's a heart of gold in there somewhere, you would need a crowbar and heavy digging equipment to find it though.
And that kind and gentle big-sister hugging and playing with children in S2 Episode 6 can't be the same Rich Bitch that's mean to Yoshika can she? Oh you have got to be kidding!!
Season 2 reveals she's practically penniless. All that huge hazard pay she's getting? All donated to charity. She also sold most of her family's heirlooms to raise money for the Gallia rebuilding effort.
Luminescent Blush: She has one whenever Mio is in any way involved, when she's outraged, and when she's embarrassed which is why there seems to be on permanently glued to her face. For example, see the picture.
Meganekko: Constantly wears glasses except in places where they would fog up.
Ojou: She definitely used to be high class and wealthy. She even does the laugh.
"Lucchini always eats the things I cook with a smile on her face. Things like that makes me happy! But it feels like she's always sleeping in some odd place... is that really okay?" —Yoshika
Pilot Officer Francesca Lucchini is a talented and cheerful witch from the Duchy of Romagna. Unlike most other members of the 501st her past isn't marred by tragedy, she joined the Strike Witches out of a sense of duty to ensure that no harm would ever come to her beloved Romagna. However for all her lofty ideals she's still twelve years old and often acts childish or self indulgent like a typical twelve year old. Her energetic personality masks the fact that she's quite lazy. She'll often spend time napping around the base only waking up to change where she naps. However in the air, she displays a passion and talent for flying that nobody in the 501st can match. Her striker unit is based on the FIAT G-55 Centauro and her weapon is the Breda-SAFAT Machine Gun 12.7 mm. She is named after the World War II ace Franco Lucchini.
Barrier Warrior: Takes this a step farther and literally fights people with her barriers. Her stacked barriers are almost unbreakable as well.
Big Eater: Eats slightly more than the other witches and for her food is always a top priority.
Butt Monkey: She tends to be the one whom bad things happen to. In one episode she spends most of it running away from everybody. In another she accidentally breaks Shirley's Striker unit and receives a lump on the head when Minna finds out.
Cat Girl: While there are others with the cat motif, she has the personality to match. This includes her habit of sleeping in high places.
"Shirley is a really kind person! She seems kind of slack, but I think she actually really looks after everyone. She's bighearted and broad-minded... What? I'm not talking about her breasts! But... well... they sure did feel nice..."
First Lieutenant (later Captain) Shirley Yeager is a mechanical enthusiast from the United States of Liberion. She is a thrill seeking speedster and her goal is to break the sound barrier. Before the war, she raced motorbikes and set a land speed record. When she joined the 501st she modified her Striker unit to help her with her goal of breaking sound barrier. In addition to her obsession with speed she's also obsessed with cleanliness: even going so far as to have her personal bath shipped when she was transferred into the 501st. Her Striker Unit is based on the P-51 Mustang and her weapons of choice is the Browning Automatic Rifle M1918. She is named after American WWII ace Charles "Chuck" Yeager.
Danger Deadpan: She is modeled after Chuck Yeager, after all. She even breaks the sound barrier in episode 5 of season 1.
Drives Like Crazy: While not as destructive as most in the one scene she's shown driving, she drifts on mountainside dirt roads and leaps across chasms in a military supply truck. Francesca loves it, but Yoshika gets sick.
Fearless Fool: Which is probably why she's paired with Lucchini so often.
Fiery Redhead: She's strong, passionate, and outgoing, but she's only outspoken when dealing with certain people.
Hot-Blooded: She doesn't back down from any challenge even going so far as to charge a neuroi in an unarmed plane.
Super Speed: Her power lets her do anything faster. Her power plus the modifications she made to her striker unit allow her to break the sound barrier in flight.note In truth, Francesca made those modifications by accident when she tried to put it back together after breaking it.
Petting Zoo People: She takes on the features of a jack-rabbit; most likely a nod to her speed.
Also maybe because U.S.A. G.I.(Usagi) means rabbit/bunny in Japanese. Could also be a Shout-Out to Cat Shit One.
Shout-Out: Other than the obvious one to Chuck Yeager, there's one to the photographer Bunny Yeager.
Also she says the P-51 Mustang, the fighter that her striker unit is based on, is her all purpose weapon platform of choice.
Wrench Wench: Before joining the witches she worked on motorcycles and airplanes, consequentially her striker unit is heavily modified. Even after joining the witches she spends her spare time in the machine shop and making further modifications to her striker unit.
"I don't really understand Hartmann. Everyone says she's an excellent witch, and she is amazing even in small-scaled battles, but in her everyday life she is... how should I put it... umm... sloppy?" —Yoshika
Flying Officer Erica Hartmann is one of the "Double Aces" from Karlsland, having the second highest kill score in the world at just over 200. However her skill in the air and on duty is in sharp contrast with her disorganized and careless nature when off duty. She is a close acquaintance of Gertrude and Minna having served with them long before the creation of the 501st although, unlike Minna and Gertrude, she spends most of her time sleeping and eating, only getting up to investigate oddities and fight neuroi. Her striker unit is based on the Messerschmitt Bf109G-6 and her weapon is the MG42. She is named after WWII ace Erich Hartmann, the highest scoring ace in history.
Compatriot Yin Yang: Pretty much the complete opposite of Gertrude, to the latter's endless annoyance.
Gertrude: And you call yourself a Karlsland soldier?!
Crouching Moron, Hidden Badass: On the ground she's a lazy disorganized failure of a soldier. In the air she's skilled, disciplined, and one of the best aces in the world. Both are the real her but most people see the disorganized failure before they see the second greatest witch in the Karlsland air force.
Her striker unit has the black tulip pattern also present on Erich Hartmann's aircraft.
The hubbub over her stealing Lucchini's underwear is based on Erich Hartmann accidentally taking Hitler's hat.
Like Erica, Erich also had a problem with discipline.
Her hairstyle is based on Erich's nickname "Bubi" (Erica's hair is in the Bubischnitt hairstyle)
Heavy Sleeper: She seriously spends most of the series asleep, only appearing to investigate major disturbances and participate in battles. She even sleeps through an alarm clock and having books thrown at her.
Hyperactive Metabolism: In The Movie, this is the only possible explanation about how she's able to use her special attack, despite unable to even fly a moment ago.
Impact Silhouette: When she uses Sturm to ram Neuroi, she leaves behind a perfectly circular hole.
Mildly Military: While the other girls are at least trying to act like soldiers, Erica doesn't. Interestingly enough her real life counterpart had disciplinary problems as well although nowhere near as bad as her.
Nice Girl: A cheerful, upbeat and friendly breath of fresh air who doesn't hold grudges and can get along with anybody.
Not a Morning Person: Friendlier than most though about staying asleep... though mention the possibility of having candy and she'll wake up instantaneously.
Petting Zoo People: Takes on the features of a Dachshund when she uses magic. However unlike the other girls she doesn't grow animal ears, the tips of her hair turn black instead.
Power Fist: In The Movie, this is how she obliterate the Neuroi attacking her when she's out of guns. It looks and acts like Chidori: she actually has to board the Neuroi and punch it.
Ramming Always Works: Like Luccini she uses her magic to invoke this. Unlike Luccini she uses a vortex of wind for protection instead of a stack of shields.
Sweet Tooth: She wants sweets, they buy her an alarm clock instead.
Trash of the Titans: Especially in comparison to Gertrude's room, which is spotless and on the opposite side of their dorm.
Gertrude Barkhorn ("Trude")
"It feels like Barkhorn is always mad at me too. But well, compared to her, I'm still just an inexperienced little duckling, so I guess it's only natural." —Yoshika
Flight Lieutenant Gertrude Barkhorn is also one of the "Double Aces" of Karlsland. She holds the highest kill score over 250. She is disciplined and efficient: a very stereotypical German military personality. However to her friends Minna and Erica, whom she has known for a long time, she's slightly more open and friendly although she often yells at Erica for lacking discipline. She cares deeply about her little sister Chris, who was injured before the first season in a Neuroi attack. Her striker unit is based on the Focke-Wulf Fw190D-9 and her weapons are two MG42 machine guns with dual drum magazines. She is named after WWII ace Gerhard Barkhorn, the second highest scoring ace in history.
Action Girl: Although every witch is technically one, her love of fighting coupled with her skill in the air means she takes the prize.
Blood Knight: Not only is she one of the best witches, she deeply enjoys her job.
Broken Bird: She is deeply affected by her sister's injury: At the beginning of the series, she acts cold to Yoshika because Yoshika resembles her sister and reminds her of her inability to protect her sister.
Death Seeker: She's this from the time her sister is hurt to the point where Yoshika and Minna make her realize how stupid she's acting.
Dual Wielding: When she decides to use her guns as clubs instead of guns.
Guns Akimbo: Her normal battle loadout is two MG42 machine guns.
Nigh-Invulnerability: Half her power seems to be her ability to strengthen objects allowing her to use her machine guns as clubs and not be crushed by a giant steel girder.
Outof Character Moment: Most of her dialogue in the dub really does not sound like a disciplined Karlsland soldier.
Petting Zoo People: She takes on the features of a German Wirehaired Pointer when she changes.
Pistol-Whipping: When she mixes it up toe to fin with the neuroi she sometimes uses her guns as clubs.
Proud Warrior Race Lady: And therefore constantly exasperated by Erica's laid back and informal attitude, seeing them as "a disgrace to the Karsland military."
Replacement Goldfish: Since Yoshika resembles her sister, she often treats Yoshika coldly because she doesn't want to see Yoshika hurt.
Super Strength: The other half of her power is strength exceeding the already boosted strength of most witches.
Tsundere: Or at least the fandom loves portraying her as one.
Alexandra Vladimirovna Litvyak ("Sanya")
"Sanya is a really kind girl! She's a little shy and quiet, but she's good at singing, and I think it's really great how she always does her best for all of us during the nights!" —Yoshika
Flying Officer Alaxandra Vladimirovna Litvyak, or Sanya as she prefers to be called, is a shy Orussian witch in the 501st that often handles night patrol duties alone. Described as "nocturnal" she doesn't have a lot of contact with the other members of the 501st, but is essential for the unit's safety. Because of her lack of contact with the rest of the squad, she is only close to Eila and Erica although her compassionate and submissive personality means she's kind and accepting of everybody in the 501st. Sanya's father was an accomplished musician and taught Sanya how to play the piano and sing. He even wrote a song for her entitled 'Sanya's Song'. When the neuroi invaded Orussia, Sanya was separated from her father but maintains hope that he's still alive in Orussia and someday they'll be reunited. To remind herself, she often hums the song her father composed for her. Unlike the other girls, most of whom wield machine guns, she uses a rocket launcher called the Fliegerhammer which is based on the Fliegerfaust, a contemporary German anti-aircraft rocket launcher. In season one her striker unit is based on the MiG60 a fictional fighter combining features of the MiG-1, MiG-3, and Yak-1: in season 2 her striker unit is based on the Yak-9. She is named after WWII ace Lydia Litvyak, one of just two female aces in real life.
Vapor Wear: Averted. She is indeed wearing something underneath those black tights, as can be seen when she undresses to go to bed.
Eila Ilmatar Juutilainen
"Eila is quite mysterious. But at least I've come to understand that she cares a lot about Sanya. Seems like she almost never has used her protective shield during battles since she can predict the enemy's attacks. According to herself, she does it without thinking, “by intuition”, but... Isn't it amazing?" — Yoshika
Flying Officer Eila Ilmater Juutilainen is the top ace of the Suomus witch corps where she held the rank of captain (the rank indicated by the three roses on her collar). She is an expert at reading people, allowing her to predict her companions' actions and outwit her enemies. Her ability to read people combined with her ability to see the future means that in the air she is nearly untouchable. She is so used to her mastery of evasion that she relies exclusively on dodging and has difficulty raising a shield. Her striker unit is based on the Messerschmitt Bf109G-2 and her weapon of choice is the Suomi KP/31 Sub-Machine Gun. She is named after the Finnish WWII ace Eino Ilmari Juutilainen the highest scoring non-German ace in history.
Sanya: Eila is very dear to me. We’re always together... because that’s just the way it is. I didn’t even notice it until people around me told me. But I don’t like her habit of touching other girl’s bodies like she does! That’s not good, Eila! You never do those kinds of things to me... Why? Just blushing won’t help me understand...
Mysterious Waif: Almost every character notes her odd behavior and mysterious air, even the ones that don't normally comment on character disposition. Also she has the least back story development of the entire cast, all we really know about her is that she's from Suomus and loves Sanya.
Smug Super: She's more than happy to rub the fact in that she doesn't need shields, which are critical to every other witch.
Tarot Motifs: She keeps a tarot deck in one of her belt pouches and she occasionally reads people fortunes.
Tomboy: Aside from using the gender-neutral "watashi" to refer to herself, Ella uses exclusively masculine vocabularies and syntaxes in the Japanese version.
Tsundere: She often tries to pass off her presence at several engagements as just chance, much like a tsundere would her acts of kindness. No one buys it, though.
Waif Prophet: She's a mysterious little girl and her powers revolve around reading the future.
Wingman: In combat she takes this role more often than not.
Non-501st JFW Witches
Flight Lieutenant Junko Takei is originally from Fuso Imperial Navy and now is the commander of 504th JFW. She is an old friend of Sakamoto and fought alongside when they were stationed in Libau together. Takei, Sakamoto, and Yoshiko Nishizawa were called "Three crows of Libau" for their outstanding performance in Libau. Her special ability allows her to raise her comrades' morale. She also is the protagonist of Nintendo DS game and one of the main characters in Maidens of the Heavens. In anime, she appears as the commander of 504th JFW in episode 1, 3, and 12 of season 2.
Flight Lieutenant Marseille, also known as "Star of Africa", is yet another super ace from Karlsland. Originally from Karlsland Afrika Corps, she now belongs to the "Afrika" Joint Fighter Wing, which was practically organized just for her. She has incredible combat skill which is said to be one of the best in Allied Forces, matching that of Erika. Though her score is only up to 200 kills, Neurois in Africa are much larger than the Europe, making this score worth three times as much. Marseille is originally from semi-official Doujinshi series "Afrika" which, as the name suggests, focuses on North African Campaign of the Strike Witches Universe. She also makes an appearance in season 2 episode 10 of the anime.
A newer member of the Witches who idolizes Yoshika. Without much knowledge of war, she sticks strictly to the rules. She is given the role of accompanying Yoshika in her journey through Europe, but is very shocked and dismayed at Yoshika's demeanor which seemingly is disgraceful for her rank. This comes to a head when she disproves even of Yoshika's desire to help everyone she can. By the end of the movie, she seems to have mellowed out. Her ace archetype is Utou Kazushi
Air Chief Marshal of the Britannian RAF. He was well against the Witch program since it was a creation by his political rival. He's also the commander of the 1st Assault Unit codenamed "Warlock" and funded an advanced project to render the Witches obsolete.
Erica Hartmann's identical twin sister. A brillant engineer who designes and build strike units, including a powerful jet striker prototype used by Gertrud Barkhorn. She is introduced at the end of season 2 episode 4, where she offers the 501st a sack of potatoes as an apology for the super jet striker unit being unstable. Formerly a member of the 507JFW, AKA the Suomus Misfits Squadron.
Meganekko: One of her features that distinguishes her from her sister.
Made of Explodium: Some of the things she builds tend to blow up, as shown in season 2 epilogue (may also explain why the jet striker prototype she built for Gertrud eventually self destructed).
Numerical Theme Naming: Hilariously played with when some of the protagonists first meet her and call her "Erica #2" not knowing she is Erica's sister.
A bear cub and its mom, they appear in the first episode of season 1 and 2, as well as the ninth minute of the movie. They're bears. Also they're the only reoccurring non-witch non-antagonist characters.