An Aesop: One per episode, generally. More prevalent during the series' early run - the third and fourth seasons have quite a few episodes that manage to avoid this trope.
Affectionate Parody: The Hannah character, and much of the music, seems to parody the teen-pop images of the likes of Hilary Duff and the younger Britney Spears.Also some of the things used might have also been a tribute to the show Jem from the 1980's.
In her 2013 MTV documentary Miley: The Movement, Cyrus admits to Britney (they perform a duet on Miley's album, Bangerz) in an interview that the Hannah character was modeled after her.
Back for the Finale: Done of series of episodes where Lilly's Dad, Aunt Dolly, and Mamaw all return
Literally with Oliver who actually only comes back as a Plot Device.
Beneath the Mask: A major theme in the show. Thanks to the Hannah Montana persona, Miley is able to see people's True Colors. She isn't fooled by the facade put up by someone like Amber or Rico when they're dealing with Hannah, because as Miley, she knows what they are really like. In fact, everyone but her true friends treat her better when she is Hannah.
Be Yourself: The show's overarching Aesop, which seems ironic given that the series is all about a girl who puts on a disguise so she can live a life of fame and fortune... until you realize it merely sets up Miley for the supporting lesson, that friends and family are more important.
Big Bad: Rico is the most reoccurring antagonist in the series so he probably counts.
Jake can be seen as this in his story arc due to the fact he constantly breaks Miley's heart and eventually flat out cheats on her.
Lucinda is this in The Movie, as she's the one calling the shots to Oswald Granger, who is The Heavy.
Broken Record: In the movie, during the filming of the video for "The Best of Both Worlds", the CD that they're lip-syncing to keeps repeating, "Best of both, best of both, best of both..." until the CD player gets smacked, and it finally ends, "Best of both worlds."
Jackson considered The State College of Santa Barbara, then attended Tennessee University for a time, before settling upon Malibu Community College. None of these institutions exist in real life.
Lilly and Miley both apply to Standford University. Yes, spelled like that — it's quite visible on a couple of folders in the episode, and Miley clearly sounds out the first D more than once. There's no such school, and if you Google the name, the results pages will keep insisting you meant something else.
Can't Get Away with Nuthin' : Jackson frequently incurs Robbie Ray's full wrath for infractions that would rate, at most, a stern talking-to for Miley.
Casting Gag: Billy Ray Cyrus, still a One-Hit Wonder (before a duet with Miley returned him to the top 40)'s character's mother is played by Vicki Lawrence who also had a short career as a musician culminating in a single hit.
Celebrity Paradox: This trope is actually quite important, as Hannah and her father are often in many of the same settings and situations that their actors experience in Real Life. They even interact with many real celebrities playing themselves in the show.
Played straight for Miley Cyrus, even more so because her character is The Danza. Justified because the entire premise of the series requires that "Miley" be a girl who is not famous. People in the show have never heard the name before, and later struggle to remember it. For example, when Miley Stewart is dating Jake Ryan and she ends up being interviewed on TV, the host calls her "Milky" - and when corrected, doesn't care that he was wrong.
Given the above, you'd think the trope would also apply to her father, Billy Ray Cyrus. However, it's subverted when a direct reference is made. Robbie Ray puts on a mullet wig and claims to be Billy Ray - which couldn't happen if the celebrity did not exist. A double subversion occurs when the woman Robbie is talking to thinks he's crazy and quickly leaves.
Comic Book Time: Averted. While there are some continuity errors, each season clearly shows the teenage cast progressing to a new school year. Dealing with the issues of growing up is a recurring theme in the series.
Completely Missing the Point: When Hannah is signed up for a celebrity tennis game, Miley seems more concerned with having a signature grunt than you know...actually learning tennis.
Cool Loser: Lilly and Miley (and arguably, Oliver) qualify. Both girls are ranked at the very bottom of Amber and Ashley's 'Cool List', causing them to be shunned by the entire school. Matters improve somewhat in high school, though they're still pretty low in the pecking order. We're talking about two attractive, hip, trendy, charismatic girls who turn heads everywhere they go in Real Life.
Though this is likely because both shows were bookends to the crossover. The same was done with the original crossover with That's So Raven and Hannah Montana being bookends with The Suite Life of Zack and Cody in the middle. None of the bookends interacted with each other In this crossover either.
Miley/Hannah, in practically every episode — especially after the first season. She's cute, she's funny, she can be downright obnoxious. It's why the audience can comfortably laugh at her when the Zany Scheme invariably backfires.
Lilly also tends to fall into this role — she and Miley are best friends, after all. In some cases (such as the time where Miley and Jackson were thought to be dating) she basically spends the entire episode doing nothing but make snarky comments.
Deep South: Miley Cyrus hails from Franklin, Tennessee in Real Life, and her dad comes from Kentucky. The Stewarts, being Southerners, came from the fictional town of Crawley Corners, Tennessee, as The Movie makes quite clear. The show never lets you forget the Stewarts' Southern roots for too long, the strong accents Billy Ray and Miley have for starters. The episodes featuing Mammaw, Uncle Earl and/or and Aunt Dolly only reinforce the issue.
Defrosting Ice Queen: Joanie in later episodes becomes friends with Lilly then Miley after she starts dating Oliver.
Derailing Love Interests: "The End of the Jake as We Know It". Some might be inclined to think that the title was taken too literally, with Jake's cheating coming out of left field given his prior development. It's egregious when the episode right after reintroduces the other love interest Miley rejected for Jake.
Disney Owns This Trope: Rico owns his evil laugh. And the North American rights to the "Hey-yo!" Furthermore, his company is called "Muah-hah-hah Industries."
Easily Forgiven: Robbie Ray will forgive anything that Miley messes up, as long as he's convinced she's genuinely contrite.
Lampshaded in "De-Do-Do-Do, De-Don't-Don't-Don't-Don't Tell My Secret":
Hannah: ... but then I learn a valuable lesson and everything's okay!
In "Been There All Along", Jackson actually has to explain this to Miley to stop her from trying another Zany Scheme.
Jackson: Face it, you don't have my talent for anything but the truth. Every time you try, you wind up getting caught, sitting on a bench, or the couch, or the porch where Dad says, "Bud, if you'd just woulda told the truth in the beginning yadda yadda yadda I love you."... "I love you too."... you ride Blue Jeans, he writes a song, The End.
Empathic Environment: When Miley lost an anklet her mother gave her, the weather in Hawai'i promptly turned sour. When Robbie Ray gives a speech telling her how her mother is always with her, anklet or no, the weather promptly turns gorgeous again.
Escapist Character: Hannah. Invoked in some of her songs, such as "Just Like You", which lets the audience identify with her more readily.
Genre Savvy: Lilly has a fair amount of this. Several times she points out Miley's crazy schemes and why they wouldn't work. note In "Killing Me Softly With His Height", she even realizes the plan Miley's about to come up with before Miley has thought of it herself. Sometimes it's even implied that Lilly agrees to play along only because she knows that Miley will learn something when the plan fails.
Lilly: But your fantasies always drive you to do the right thing, in an educational and entertaining way!
The Ghost: Uncle Earl and Aunt Pearl until Season 2, when Uncle Earl was finally portrayed in all his larger-than-life glory by David Koechner. Aunt Pearl remained The Ghost.
Groupie Brigade: Exaggerated in the first season, where just saying the name Hannah Montana too loudly can trigger a stampede of rabid fans trying to find her. Still played straight throughout the rest of the series, and is the justification behind Miley going to all the trouble of keeping a secret identity.
Happier Home Movie: In one episode, Miley watches a family Christmas from when her mom was still alive.
Hidden Depths: Jackson will loudly proclaim at every opportunity how disappointed he is that Robbie Ray had a second child, or how much he resents Hannah Montana taking precedence over any of his own plans — especially because Miley never lets him forget it. However, when push comes to shove and Miley really needs his support, Jackson will sacrifice anything — even his own happiness — to protect his sister's hopes and dreams.
Hollywood Dateless: Jackson is portrayed as a uncouth, socially-awkward loser who couldn't get a date if his life depended on it. This in spite of the fact that he's played by the boyishly-handsome Jason Earles, takes a different girl out every third episode, and has even had a few random women come on to him (usually when he's not trying to be charming).
Honest John's Dealership: Rico charges exorbitant prices for mediocre food at his surf shop, has some questionably-legal business practices (eg: charging for restrooms, in the home state of the Congresswoman who that practice abolished, no less), and has had more than one run-in with the Health Department.
Hormone-Addled Teenager: Most (if not all) of them. Considering the hectic double life Miley has, the show spends a disproportionate amount of time on hers and the others' various crushes.
"I Am" Song: The series loves this trope, as several songs qualify. It begins with "Just Like You" and "The Other Side Of Me" in Season 1, progresses to Season 3's "Supergirl" and "Just A Girl", then finishes with "Ordinary Girl" in the final season.
Emily Osment and Mitchel Musso have followed suit.
I'm a Man, I Can't Help It: Gender inverted with Miley in S2 Ep08, "Take This Job and Love It", where Miley gives this as the reason she didn't want to take Roxy, her overprotective bodyguard with her on a date.
Miley: I'm a girl. I have needs. Robbie: Please tell me you just said you're a girl who has knees.
Keeping Secrets Sucks: Oh, does it ever. To maintain her secret identity, Miley has to lie to her friends, endure bullying at school, and suffer through constant discrimination or embarrassment... all the time knowing she could make all of it go away so easily. It's no picnic for Miley's family and friends either. Robbie Ray and Jackson both give up their own happiness to protect her, torching their respective relationships with Lorelai and Siena (albeit temporarily, as Miley eventually shares the secret with both). The realization that the secret demands too much sacrifice from her loved ones is what finally pushes Miley into going on national TV and revealing that she's Hannah Montana.
Line-of-Sight Name: Miley is doing a radio interview from her kitchen while eating spaghetti and claims to be speaking from a cafe in Italy. When she is asked where she is, her father passes her the pasta box. She reads the first words she sees and claims to be in the small village of "Sodium Free". She immediately ammends this to "Sodium Freme" (said in an Italian accent).
Miley Stewart: He loves me. He loves me not, and now I need more petals!
Love Triangle: Season 3 introduces Jesse, one of Hannah's band members, as a rival to Jake Ryan for her affections. An unusual situation when you realize that as far as the world knows, Jake is actually dating Hannah's alter-ego Miley Stewart, whom Jesse doesn't even know exists. The episode handles this by separating scenes between Miley/Jake and Hannah/Jesse - meaning Jesse is only aware that Hannah is dating somebody - but eventually the two guys end up confronting each other in front of Hannah. It is possible that Jesse just didn't know who Jake's girlfriend was supposed to be.
The Masquerade Will Kill Your Dating Life: A recurring trope throughout the series, with increasing significance each time. Early on, it's played for laughs, with Miley going on a date... to a Hannah Montana concert. Later on, she lets Jake in on her secret when the guilt of continually lying to him becomes too much to bear. In the movie, everything comes tumbling down when Miley tries to have a romantic dinner with Travis while simultaneously attending the mayor's banquet as Hannah. Finally, in Season 4, it's not even enough for Jesse to know that Miley is Hannah — the burden of dealing with her dual identities puts a severe strain on their relationship.
When Miley and Lilly are in gym class in Season 4, Lilly easily aces the rope climb, while Miley has a hard time. Lilly taunts Miley by saying, "Yeah, she can sing "The Climb", but she can't do it!", alluding to Miley Cyrus' hit Award Bait Song to ''Hannah Montana: The Movie" the year before.
Oh My Gods!: Robbie Ray uses "Lord" in a theological context.
Only Sane Man: Jesse was the only person to make the connection between Hannah and Miley
Ooh, Me Accent's Slipping: Siena is played by Australian actress Tammin Sursok, whose accent lapses occasionally. In particular, she seems to struggle with saying "Hannah Montana". Fridge Logic kicks in when one realizes that Siena's nationality was never stated, and thus she has no need to affect an American accent.
Paper-Thin Disguise: How the cast's Secret Identities are kept secret. Lampshaded when Jackson points out the obviousness of Superman's Paper-Thin Disguise, and Miley agrees with him as she and Robbie Ray don theirs. note Hannah's disguise arguably qualifies for Wig, Dress, Accent, albeit on an inconsistent basis. Obviously she already has the wig and clothes, then composes herself in a far more confident, flashier manner than the shy, awkward and unpopular Miley Stewart. Also, if you pay attention, Hannah's voice is often a higher register and loses much of Miley's real-life Southern accent - even though the Hannah character is also from Tennessee. This speech convention was more prevalent in the first two seasons, but a recent good example was in "Ready, Set, Don't Go" where there is a marked contrast between how she talks to the DMV worker and how she speaks to Lilly.
Robbie's Mustache is made even thinner as anyone could easily put 2 and 2 together that Robbie Ray and Robbie Ray Stewart are the same person especially when one considers that he never hides the fact that he is Robbie Ray even without the mustache. It very possible this is an attempt to Lampshade this trope as Robbie seems to be the same person with or without the mustache.
Picked Last: Happens to Miley whenever gym class involves teams, and is the setup for the episode "Cuffs Will Keep Us Together". As Hannah Montana, she has the coordination to dance onstage - sometimes in high heels and while also singing, no less - but when it comes to sports, she's unable to do things like catch a ball without using her face.
Robbie Ray's obsession with his hair to the point where his kids very first go-to move when bad news comes their way is to compliment his hair.
The fact that Robbie Ray is always making awful puns and Miley reminding him that 'you ain't funny'. In fact, you could say this is one of Robbie Ray's main schticks in the series.
In Season 4, Lilly gets a new job running the ticket exchange booth at the amusement park. One of the top prizes is a big stuffed toy tiger that costs 50,000 tickets - a ludicrous amount that would fill a large container. Guess what every kid tries to exchange his or her measly handful of tickets for. Lilly easily handles the initial incident in the first episode, cheerily explaining the three cheapest prizes that all those tickets are good for. Fast-forward several episodes and many more kids later, and she's just about ready to crack.
Lilly: (close to tears) Look, you don't have enough for the big tiger, okay? It's the dragon stickers, the erasers, or the ice cube with the fly in it!
The Scrooge: Despite being filthy-stinkin'-rich from both his own and his daughter's record sales, Robbie Ray is notoriously, if a bit selectively, tight with a penny.
Secret Identity: Many episodes of the show revolve around Miley trying to keep people from learning she is Hannah Montana. Once, Miley tried to get a phone by taking a bad picture of her as Hannah but learned she was wearing a necklace labled "Miley". Lilly and Oliver adopted their own secret identities as well.
There are a number of instances where it seems the episode order (as aired on TV) had been changed from the intended order as they were written. Like when Miley mentions she will "be driving soon", in the episode after the one where she is driving by herself already. Or when Lilly says Hannah just starred in a movie, but the episode where she auditions for that movie hasn't happened yet.
At several points in the first season, Miley insinuates she moved from Nashville. In The Movie, and from that point onward, her hometown is Crowley Corners.
In the episode Miley Get Your Gum, Lilly has a dog named Thor. After this episode, no mention of this dog is ever made again.
Lilly's birthday, which was implied in The Movie to be in the summer, but came around again just seven months later in "Can't Get Home to You Girl". This could be related to the episode shuffling noted above.
In one episode, Lilly spectacularly butchers the pronunciation of "empanada" (so as to rhyme with "Canada") but in another episode, is taking AP Spanish, and able to tutor another girl in exchange for her math tutoring services.
Lilly mentions a brother once, in Season 1 — then never again. In Season 3, she says sometimes she wishes she had a brother.
Shouldn't We Be in School Right Now?: Hannah has been known to be on tour for weeks at a time, and engages in activities and publicity stunts during school hours, such as reading to a group of preschoolers. Yet, as regular old Miley Stewart, she attends a public school, and her absences are never referenced, nor do they arouse the suspicion of anyone at school.
Fridge Logic kicks in when you realize she went on an international tour, which would probably take months, but she is still made out to attend a full school year.
Shout-Out: Many. Notably, the episodes are named after songs.
Mamaw is possibly a shout out to Mama also played by Vicki Lawrence.
At one point, Miley tells Lilly that her dad's nickname for her is in fact "Miley". In real life, "Miley" was a nickname Billy Ray bestowed on his daughter.
A very subtle one in "O Say, Can You Remember the Words" in which Jackson makes Jack Nicholson's "Here's Johnny!" face before attacking a pair of chocolate bunnies.
There's also one in an episode where Miley is trying to learn to climb a rope. After Lilly is distracted by Sarah coming in to tell her (falsely) that Oliver is back from his tour, Miley is at the ceiling in no time. Unable to figure out how Miley pulled it off (she used a hidden wire harness), Lilly asks "Are you a vampire?"
Jake Ryan probably takes his name from the ever-so-perfect male lead in Sixteen Candles.
Time Skip: A really weird meta example for season 3. Miley Lily and Olivers's Sophomore and Junior Year are squeezed into this season. Possibly justified as Season 3 took 18 months to air sometimes with new episodes only airing once a month.
Token Minority: Subverted with Rico. He may be the only Latino in an otherwise monochrome cast, but he subverts the TV stereotype of Latinos by being intelligent, wealthy, and motivated. note He's also greedy, conniving, and selfish.
Trailers Always Spoil: The official promo for "I'll Always Remember You" showed very few clips from the first half of the episode, and almost entirely put emphasis on Hannah taking off her blonde wig and exposing her identity as Miley Stewart to the world.
Tsundere: Miley towards Jake Ryan. When they first meet, she treats him with disdain, calling his antics "disgusting" and turning him down three times when he asks her to a dance. It isn't until Hannah guest stars on Jake's TV show and they almost kiss during a scene that she realizes - or admits to herself - that she actually likes him. note Eventually, Jake and Miley enter an on-again, off-again relationship. From then on, every time they are not a couple, Miley is generally nice to him, but her angry reactions to any perceived slight are well out of proportion to the Just Friends status they are supposedly at. Lilly with her usual Genre Savvy is actually aware of Miley's true feelings from the start:
Lilly: Oh, come on! You so like Jake! Miley: No, I don't! How can you say that? Lilly: Because, every time his name comes up, you act like you can't stand him.
Unlimited Wardrobe: Miley calls it the Hannah Closet, but it's effectively a fashion boutique (that only stocks brightly-colored sparkly items for teenage girls) in her bedroom. Automated revolving carousels and remote-controlled sliding shelves filled with more clothes and accessories than the show has episodes ensure that Hannah never needs to wear the same thing twice. note She does end up reusing some outfits, but any repeat appearances are usually for one short Hannah scene in a Miley-focused episode.
Wakeup Makeup: Miley and Lilly always seem to get out of bed with eye makeup, mascara, foundation and lip gloss perfectly in place. They also wear jewelry while sleeping. Averted with Robbie — although never shown, he has a strict routine of grooming to always keep his hair looking nice.
We Named the Monkey Jack: One episode revealed that Miley once had a pig named Luann. The later episode, "Torn Between Two Hannahs" features her obnoxious cousin, Luann, whom she had named it after.
Young Entrepreneur: Rico's dad gave him the business, but Rico knows how to keep it profitable.
Zany Scheme: A typical episode starts off with Miley doing something selfish or irresponsible, then instead of taking accountability for her actions, she comes up with some dubious, convoluted plan to cover her tracks. Said plan will often involve the use of a ridiculous animal costume.
Miley/Hannah herself lampshades this in "He Could Be the One":
Jesse: You are way too smart to come up with something this stupid. Hannah: HEY! For your information, you are looking at a girl stupid enough to dress up as a chicken, a duck, a swan... Lola: A pirate, a carrot...
"Loretta", Mamaw Stewart's rickety old Cadillac Eldorado.
In Season 1, the car Jackson buys for himself.
Jackson: Jackson Stewart, come on down! You are the proud owner of a brand new... used car! Yes, over the last fifteen years this pre-owned beauty has been driven around by heavy smokers and sloppy eaters, and one Wilma McDermott whose cat popped out six kittens in the front seat! Yes, some stains just don't come out!
Cool and Unusual Punishment: In the episode "Ready, Set, Don't Drive", Miley gets arrested for driving with an invalid license. She got her license as Hannah Montana because she didn't want to wait two weeks for a retest. Why, you ask? She couldn't handle the embarrassment of showing up to Amber's big party when Amber had her license and she didn't. Does Robbie Ray ground her? Passe! Take away her allowance? Old hat! Instead, he drives her to the big party, and announces over a bullhorn that Miley didn't get her license.
In "Get Down and Study-udy-udy", Miley leads her class in singing The Bone Dance to prove she hasn't been cheating, just learning differently. Notable for ignoring the otherwise ongoing plot point that Lilly can't sing by having her be the first one to join in and sing it well. Since Miley Stewart is not the kind of person her classmates would expect to put on a song and dance routine, it leads to Rico having a Master of Delusion moment.
Also played straight in The Movie, where Miley gets most of the town to join her in singing and dancing the "Hoedown Throwdown".
Dance Party Ending: In The Movie half the end credits have the cast doing the Hoedown Throwdown. Boom-boom-clap, boom-de-clap-de-clap...
Easy Amnesia: Given to Jackson by a bump on the head from a fight with Miley. Subverted when said amnesia turns out to be fake, a joke played on Miley by Jackson and Robbie Ray to teach her a lesson about fighting with her brother (Jackson is promised a car for playing along).
Feud Episode: Lilly and Miley get into a fight one episode prompting Oliver to lock them up with handcuffs so they will stop feuding. But by the end of episode Miley and Lilly make up so that they are friends again. note While still handcuffed.
Miley once mentions her dad likes to go to Boscoe's House of Chicken and Pies.
A segment of one episode takes place inside a Make-A-Moose.
Hannah uses her zPhone to post messages on Flitter.
Oliver performs and Hannah is a guest judge on America's Top Talent. note Despite the name, it's more a parody of American Idol, complete with thinly-disguised imitations of that show's judges and a cameo appearance by actual Idol judge Kara DioGuardi.
Lilly and Miley send in their college applications to Standford University.
Four-Temperament Ensemble: Miley (melancholic, despite being Hannah), Oliver (phlegmatic), Jackson and Lilly (sanguine), Rico (choleric), and Robbie Ray (leukine).
Freudian Excuse: As a kid, Amber was teased because she was a nerd. This prompted her to become one of the mean girls herself once she moved on to middle school.
Girl Posse: Subverted with Ashley in that she's just one girl.
Early on in Season 4, Rico had a gospel choir following him around and singing about his actions.
In the Season 3 special hour-long episode "He Could Be the One", Jackson and Rico performed various skits providing narration between scenes. They do it again in the Season 4 special episode "I'll Always Remember You", this time with Siena joining in.
Hair-Raising Hare: When Jackson eats too much chocolate, he has nightmares about a Godzilla chocolate bunny.
Homage: A rather disturbing one for a Disney Channel show, in which Jackson's ventriloquist dummy Franklin, having apparently survived going through a wood chipper and taken on a life of his own, takes his revenge on Rico. Not to be intimidated, Rico delivers the following Lampshade Hanging before fighting back:
"The Climb" from Hannah Montana: The Movie, which neatly encapsulates Miley's emotions, the lessons she's learned in the movie, and the general message of the film.
Season 4 gives us "Wherever I Go", which Miley sings to say goodbye to Hannah, as she discards the secret identity and moves forward to face the world as her real self.
Another version of "Wherever I Go" was released, in which Miley and Lilly are saying goodbye to each other,giving a nod to the series finale when Lilly goes off to college but Miley doesn't, which proves ineffective as Miley ends up joining Lilly at college anyway.
It's All About Me: Inverted in the episode where Miley meets the Queen of England, with Jackson expressing the complaint that everything was always about Hannah Montana.
"Just Joking" Justification: Issued, then immediately revoked, by the Simon Cowell parody in "Judge Me Tender", after saying both Hannah and the judge for whom she filled in were boring.
Lampshade Hanging: In the episode where they go to Washington Miley asks Lilly if they can't resolve their fight, at which point 'the audience in her head will go aww', when they do make up, the audience, both in show and on the track says 'aww'.
Master of Delusion: In "Get Down, Study-udy-udy", where for her biology test, Miley uses dance moves from Hannah's stage performance of "Nobody's Perfect" to memorize the names of the bones in the human body. Rico recognizes the moves and is reminded of Hannah Montana, but then dismisses the idea, saying that Miley isn't smart enough to pull a trick like that off.
At the start of Season 3, Lilly not only predicts a daydream, but also points out to Miley where on screen it will be appearing.
In the Season 4 episode "California Screamin'", Miley returns the favor by showing Lilly a flashback.
Miley: Two years ago, Fourth of July, remember? (stares up into the sky) Lilly: (looks around, confused) ... I don't see it, where...? Miley: Here. (holds Lilly's chin and turns her head to the correct angle) Lilly: Oh.
Further lampshaded by Miley in "Been Here All Along", when she tells Lilly to "Hold on, I'm in a flashback moment." — right before said flashback takes over the screen.
The episode "You're So Vain, You Probably Think This Zit Is About You" reveals that Lilly wears contacts, and when her dog eats them, she had to wear glasses. Even though she hates them, they place her nicely into this trope.
Also, Miley dons a pair of glasses while she's Lilly's "lawyer" in the episode "You Are So Sue-able To Me".
Mistaken for an Imposter: At a Halloween party, Miley's evil identical cousin Luann is impersonating Hannah. Miley — as Hannah — arrives late to the party only to find herself immediately accosted by Lilly, who is trying to catch Luann.
Near Death Clairvoyance: When Miley was unconscious in the hospital, she leaves her body and observes what's happeneing around her.
Never Trust a Trailer: Perhaps the greatest fake-out in the history of television occurred when the promos for "Miley Says Goodbye, Part 2" edited footage from the episode to give the impression that Miley intended to follow through in her desire to return to Tennessee, when in fact the Stewarts were just getting a new pad.
Hannah and her friends sometimes end up on morning talk shows. Early in the series, the show would be Wake Up, It's Wendy! hosted by an Oprah parody. Later on, Hannah appears several times on Mack and Mickey in the Morning, which closely mimics Fox's The Morning Show with Mike and Juliet.
"Byron", another Simon Cowell parody, shows up in "Judge Me Tender", now teamed up with his American Idol co-judges Randy Jackson (well, a parody named "Andy") and Kara DioGuardi (the real deal).
No Matter How Much I Beg: Miley gives Lilly her checkbook so she doesn't spend, and Lilly being true to the request refuses to give it back, even when Miley has a 'Miley doesn't live here anymore' moment.
Not in Front of the Parrot: Jackson once dated a girl named Becky but it ended when his best friend asked him to watch over a parrot. Said parrot repeated unkind things said about another Becky.
The Obi-Wannabe: In one episode, Hannah has found that kids will emulate just about everything she does, and is afraid to ever express her opinions or preferences on television. As such, Robbie Ray enlists Jackson to school her in the fine art of obfuscation. Miley learns the technique, only to find out later that it doesn't work on children, so Hannah ends up delivering the episode's Aesop about being yourself instead.
Oblivious Guilt Slinging: In "Wherever I Go", Miley seriously considers accepting a movie role, which would require her to go back on her promise to go to college with Lilly. When she tries to talk to Lilly about it, Lilly starts gushing about how happy she is that Miley is going to college with her instead of going on a world tour or accepting some movie offer.
Older than They Look: Jason Earles was in his 30s when he started playing Jackson, but looked more convincing as a character in his mid-to-late teens than some actors ten years younger than him.
Operation Jealousy: In "People Who Use People", Miley attempts this on Jake to try and get him to break up with his girlfriend. She fails spectacularly... but then it turns out that Jake wasn't really in a relationship - it was just him successfully using Operation Jealousy on Miley.
Subverted in Season 4. In "Hannah Montana to the Principal's Office", Barack Obama impressionist Reggie Brown makes an appearance. Miley Stewart mentions in one scene that Hannah Montana once sang for the President's kids. In real life, Miley Cyrus performed (though not as Hannah) at the Kid's Inaugural: We Are The Future concert where First Daughters Malia and Sasha Obama sat in the front row.
Rico's Australian-Mexican cousin's name is Alejandro N˙˝ez Gonzales Umberto Sifuentes. They call him Angus for short.
There was also a TV reporter in Season 1 named Bree Yang Shixian Takahashi Samuels.
Paparazzi: Including a recurring one that once followed Miley (as Hannah) home in order to find out where she lived. This set up the plot for "My Boyfriend's Jackson and There's Gonna Be Trouble".
Perfume Commercial: Hannah does one of these in the episode "Smells Like Teen Sellout", telling viewers that the fragrance "completes the circle", and it involves her standing in front of a picture frame with a pair of gymnasts rolling behind her.
Lilly: Who are those two? Miley: I think they're the circle.
Playing Cyrano: When Lilly and Oliver's relationship is on the rocks, Rico finds that Oliver's moping is bad for business. In order to shut him up and bring the customers back, Rico helps mend their relationship by sending Lilly a love letter in Oliver's name.
Hannah: Oh Jake, I bet you say that to all your co-stars! Push Jake.
Retroactive Wish: Robbie Ray Stewart once prayer for God that the dog next door would stop barking. As the dog stopped, Robbie Ray thanked God for that and then apologized for something he said while driving.
Revised Ending: The original ending was a All Just a Dream senario. The show was revealed to be the dream of a young Miley Cyrus. Thanks to Executive Meddling it was thought to be too confusing for children and the ending was changed to Miley giving up the movie in Paris to attend college with Lily
In a nod to Star Wars, when Jake and Miley are secretly dating they use the code-names 'Anakin' and 'Queen Amidala'.
Subverted in the case of Lilly and Oliver. They decide to ease Miley into it, and manage to keep it from her for all of about five minutes.
Also subverted when the school nurse has a conversation with Lilly and Miley that makes it sound like she's having an affair with Oliver, though it turns out she's actually talking about him having diabetes. The girls are appropriately horrified, though they'd have a harder time getting away with this joke had the genders been reversed.
She Cleans Up Nicely: Both played straight and subverted in the episode, "You Are So Sue-able To Me". When Lilly's crush Matt asks her to the school dance, Miley convinces Lilly to get a Girliness Upgrade to impress him. When Lilly later shows up at school with her new look, she has quite a few guys drooling over her, but then she gets stood up by Matt. It turns out he preferred her tomboy look.
Sickeningly Sweethearts: Lilly and Oliver, after being friends since kindergarten, suddenly turn into this, even calling each other "Lillypop" and "Olipop".
Miley (looking at a tabloid pic of Hannah): I look good in a moustache. Oh yeah. I'd definitely date me. Lilly: ...me too. (beat) Miley and Lilly (in unison): Awkward!
Sure, Let's Go with That: In "Me and Rico Down by the Schoolyard", Rico blackmails Miley for most of the episode, claiming to know her secret. Thinking he knows about her double life as Hannah, she agrees to pretend to be his girlfriend. When it turns out the actual secret that Rico knows is that she carries a teddy bear around with her, Miley just runs with it.
Hannah doth protest too much about not knowing Oliver in "Judge Me Tender".
From "California Screamin'":
Lilly: Oh hey, I thought you'd be uh, spying on your dad and his date. Miley: ...It's not like I'm twelve anymore, not like I'm gonna follow them into some restaurant and hide behind a potted plant and then get underneath the dessert cart when I can't hear them anymore. Pfft! Please!
They also tend to do this when they try to explain/excuse something. One episode had Miley curse Taylor Swift and her bonus track, followed by Lilly saying "She just hates bonus tracks. It's not like she's a popstar or anything!".
Lilly: Miley, I know how he feels. I can tell by the way he looks at me! Even when I have a pimple. I never told you this, but...that's why he calls me "Lillypop". Miley: I could've gone my whole life not knowing that.
Trade Snark: Jackson and Oliver ended their (in)famous cheese jerky rap with "Sizzlin' Stewart & Smokin' Oken Enterprises. Patent pending." Also, Rico owns the North American rights to his catch phrases "Hey-O!" and "Muahahahaha!"
Twist Ending: In the finale, when Miley and Lilly are about to leave for Paris, Lilly doesn't want to go, and tells Miley that her own dream has always been college, no matter what Miley's is. So she stays at Standford while Miley takes off on her flight to Paris. But then, Miley comes back to Standford, admitting that she has to take the one chance to go to college with her BFF, as opposed to many chances for big movies and the like.
Robbie Ray's brother and Luann's dad, Bobby Ray Stewart.
Unintentional Period Piece: In a way, as the show deals with a pop star coming to fame in the late 2000's, this show has elements of this. Plenty of pop culture references in the jokes and plot lines, from Jesse McCartney to Kelly Clarkson to Lady Gaga to Katy Perry, a few American Idol references, the second War in Iraq (as covered in Season 4), a Barack ObamaExpy also in the final season, maybe even the Teen Pop aspect in general—-help to put the show in a specific time and place.
Well Intentioned Replacement: In "Bye Bye Ball", Jackson accidentally dismembers Miley's childhood teddy bear. She retaliates by destroying his prized possession, a baseball signed by a retired and embittered player. When Jackson gives Miley back a repaired bear, she goes to insane lengths to replace his ball before he finds out that it's missing. She's eventually successful in obtaining a signed ball, but it turns out the original one was actually a forgery.
Wham Line: An In-Universe example from "I'll Always Remember You" "Her name was Miley Stewart" *removes wig*
Wimp Fight: When Miley and Jackson were fighting over whether or not they were going to tell Siena the "Hannah" secret, it escalated to physical violence. And by physical violence, I mean the both of them slapping each others hands.
Jackson: You fight like a girl! Miley: I am a girl, what's your excuse?
Wonderful Life: In the episode "When You Wish You Were the Star", Miley wishes upon a star that she could be all Hannah, all the time. In this Alternate Timeline, Jackson is a hermit, Robbie Ray is married to a Gold Digger, Lilly is the Alpha Bitch (with Ashley and Amber as her Girl Posse), and Rico and Oliver have gone into business together as sleazy paparazzi-wannabes.