The Zone Of The Enders anime series Dolores I has an episode titled "Die Hard", where James Links does this on an oxygen plant on Mars. He even Hangs a Lampshade when he wishes it were Christmas halfway through the episode.
Parodied/Lampshaded in the Full Metal Panic light novels. In this case, it's the good guys pretending to be terrorists in order to catch real terrorists, and they nickname the heroic troublemaker among the passengers John McClane.
Also played straight in Into The Blue and the corresponding anime arc, in which Gauron hijacks the Tuatha de Danaan, with Sousuke, Kurz, and (eventually, thanks to Tessa's efforts) Kaname loose on board.
The 1931 story arc of Baccano, AKA "The Grand Punk Railroad" takes it Up to Eleven. On a train! With three gangs hijacking at the same time, two serial killers, and three immortals! You almost forget hostages are involved, sometimes.
Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex plays with this when Aramaki and the Major go to London. While visiting a friend who runs a wine bank, Aramaki and his friend are taken hostage by ex-mob bank robbers, but the mob itself gets tipped off, and the bribed police force then besieges the bank. Aramaki manages to convince the robbers to work with him so that they can figure a way out of the police siege.
Ms. Tree had a story titled "New Year's Evil" where a deranged gunman takes over the rooftop restaurant where Michael Tree is celebrating New Year's Eve. Michael happens to be in the ladies rom at the time. Cue this trope.
JSA #10: Wildcat goes Die Hard in the JSA Mansion.
The three-issue arc of Doctor Strange after his first victory against Dormammu is essentially Die Hard in the Sanctum Sanctorum. Strange is knocked out by a bomb and wakes up to find a metal plate over his face and steel gauntlets on his hands that prevent him from spellcasting, and with three underlings of his nemesis Mordo in the house. It takes a combination of wits, skill and luck to beat them all.
On the other hand, neither Die Hard With a Vengeance nor Live Free or Die Hard follow this trope, and it dosen't appear that A Good Day To Die Hard does either.
The Sonny Chiba movie The Bullet Train is pretty much Die Hard on a train... except The Bullet Train came out in 1975, possibly making it the Ur Example of this trope.
Under Siege and Under Siege 2: Die Hard on a warship and train, respectively.
Other Die Hard on a train films include: The Last Siege, Hostage Train, Death Train, "Death, Murder, and Deceit Aboard the Orient Express" and Derailed.
Sudden Death has Jean-Claude Van Damme as a security guard trying to stop Die Hard in a stadium.
The second half of the John Woo classic Hard Boiled is essentially Die Hard in a Hospital in true Heroic Bloodshed style, as the bad guys take everybody hostage at the hospital. Tequila and Alan, along with the rest of the force in the hospital, have to get everyone out before the bad guys blow everything to hell.
Speed is often touted as "Die Hard on a bus" despite not being exactly that. It does involve crawling through elevator shafts, the undercarriage of a bus and on top of a speeding subway train. However, it appears Speed was mainly inspired by The Bullet Train.
Skyscraper is a rehash of the original Die Hard, also taking place in a highrise. It stars Anna Nicole Smith. Seriously.
Octopus: Die Hard on a sub, then on a boat, with Russian terrorists. Oh, and a really big octopus.
The little known movie The Last Hour AKA Concrete War can also be classified as Die Hard in an office building (though to be fair, it's the two good guys who are invading the building the baddies are holed up in)
Lampshade Hanging added to the movie adaptation of Dave Barry's Big Trouble. Elliot is left on his own in the kitchen when a pair of crooks take everyone else in the house hostage. A character watching outside comments to his partner, "We have a Die Hard situation developing in the kitchen."
Lampshaded in Masterminds, where the student trapped in a taken-over private school observes "We've got a die hard situation here."
Phone Booth, an actual non-ironic Hollywood blockbuster, proudly declared itself to be Die Hard in a phone booth. It was made by Joel Schumacher and starred Forest Whitaker, Colin Farrell, Kiefer Sutherland, and Katie Holmes.
A planned sequel to Kevin Smith's Mallrats was Mallrats 2: Die Hard in a Mall, purposefully invoking this trope right down to the name.
Family-friendly version: 3 Ninjas: High Noon at Mega Mountain, which is Die Hard in an amusement park. The titular brothers (and, to a lesser extent, Hulk Hogan) take the place of John McClane, Loni Anderson takes the place of Hans Gruber. It's like the writers of the film watched Die Hard and decided to make it family-friendly by making it a 3 Ninjas movie.
Terminal Rush is Die Hard in Hoover Dam. It features "Rowdy" Roddy Piper as the villain.
The b-movie Velocity Trap is Die Hard on a spaceship.
The movie Hostage is Die Hard in a house, bonus points for having Bruce Willis as the main character.
The Tower is "Die Hard without the bad guys!" Seriously, Paul Reiser is trapped inside an evil, sentient office skyscraper.
The Canadian b-movie Lethal Tender is Die Hard in a water treatment plant.
The b-movie Final Voyage is Die Hard on a cruise ship, and features Erika Eleniak along with Ice-T as the terrorist leader.
Operation Delta Force 2: Mayday also takes place on a ship.
The short Joyride is Die Hard in the trunk of a car.
Demolition High - Die Hard in a high school, the sequel Demolition University is Die Hard in a chemical plant.
Another Die Hard in high school example is The Dolph Lundgren film Detention
Day Of The Wolves is Die Hard in a small town. However, being made in 1971, it predates Die Hard. A gang of bad guys have a plan for Taking Over The Town. What they hadn't counted on was the police chief being fired that morning, and so being at home instead of where they expected him to be.
Bloodfist VI is Die Hard in a nuclear missile silo. Wilson plays a military courier who's running late and winds up interrupting the terrorist plans. As one of the terrorists states, "Wrong place. Wrong time."
Most of The Interceptor is Die Hard on a C-5.
Other Die Hard on a plane films include: the Turbulence films, Hijack, Sonic Impact, Air Panic, Air Rage, Air Marshall, Tail Sting, Strategic Command, Hijack'd, Crash Landing, two films called Final Approach.
Don't Die Too Hard is a french spoof of Die Hard, also taking place in a skyscraper.
TC 2000 is Die Hard in a factory.
There are two films called Blast, both Die Hard rip-offs, one takes place in an olympic stadium, the other takes place on an oil rig. The latter was even written by one of the screenwriters of the original Die Hard.
Tube is Die Hard in a subway.
The Peacekeeper is Die Hard in a missile base.
No Contest is Die Hard at a beauty pageant, it's sequel No Contest 2 is Die Hard in a museum.
One of the worst rip-offs is The Vault, which is Die Hard in an art museum.
Automatic is Die Hard in a futuristic robot factory as is Death Machine.
Toy Soldiers is Die Hard in a boarding school. In a twist, the Spanner in the Works is also one of the hostages, and has to make sure the bad guys don't notice him sneaking off to mess with their plans.
Command Performance is Die Hard in a concert hall.
Diplomatic Siege is Die Hard in a U.S. Embassy.
Depth Charge is Die Hard on a submarine fitted with prototype stealth technology. The sub's medical officer and an electrician go up against the XO and his group of terrorists to prevent a nuclear launch.
The 2013 films Olympus Has Fallen and White House Down are both Die Hard in the White House.
Maximum Security and Maximum Conviction are both Die Hard in a correctional facility.
The Doctor Who New Adventures novel GodEngine traps thirtieth-century cop Chris Cwej in a Martian military base, upon which he promptly proceeds to wreak mayhem using a strategy his partner informs us is officially known as "The McClane Protocol".
Judith & Garfield Reeves-Steven's novel Quicksilver is Die Hard in the Pentagon
Vertical Run by Joseph Garber is Die Hard in an office building, where the John McClane of the story is the only target.
The Ciaphas Cain short story Traitor's Gambit is Die Hard on a spaceship, complete with Cain taunting the head terrorist over a vox unit and the terrorist's leader being more in it for financial gain than for the cause.
Cain's Last Stand has a scene where a survivor of an alien attack is hiding in the vents. The fact he's still alive when the Tyranids almost always gravitate to the vents (and attack through the same vent moments later) is the first clue they weren't the original attackers.
The Young Bond short story "A Hard Man to Kill" is Die Hard on an ocean liner, starring a teenaged James Bond.
Usually any time that Jefferies Tubes are mentioned, you know there's going to be a Die Hard plot, except for that one episode where Picard ended up playing the flute in them like an insane homeless man.
Blake's 7 did it in the episode "Power Play" (by Terry Nation). Although bad guys taking over the Liberator wasn't exactly a rare occurrence...
The Sentinel had an episode called "Dead Drop", which involved the main character trying to catch the bad guy by going up elevator shafts, running up stairs, and, in a true Die Hard moment, swinging in through a window.
The second episode of the series fit this trope as well, but it advanced the plot by forcing Jim to use his abilities around his boss several times, letting him in on the secret.
A second-season episode of Buffy the Vampire Slayer admits that it's ripping off this device by entitling the episode where everyone is trapped in a vampire-infested school (Die Hard at Sunnydale High) with Buffy as their only hope "School Hard".
The spinoff, Angel, featured an episode where a band of humans take over the demon-owned nightclub Caritas, which happens to be a frequent watering hole of the heroes. The twist is that most of the clubgoers, while demonic, are fully-assimilated and peaceful, while the gun-toting humans have devolved into hunting demons for sport.
In the pilot of Entourage, Vince gets pitched a script that is described as "Die Hard at Disneyland."
Farscape: "I Shrink Therefore I Am". Die Hard is even mentioned by name.
The Highlander: The Series episode "Bad Day in Building A" is notable in that it borrows the Die Hard formula to the point of its Technical Pacifist hero killing enemy mooks, including at least one he had clearly already succeeded at tying to a chair. Because the Power of Willis is such that even Duncan MacLeod must kill for it.
The short-lived series John Doe had an episode called "Doe or Die", which was previously titled "Doe Hard".
In the Lois and Clark episode "Fly Hard" (yep, they weren't even trying to hide it), robbers take over the Daily Planet building and drill the floor, searching for prohibition-era money. Of course, part of the humor is that Jimmy Olsen slips through the the terrorists' fingers when they lock up the hostages (while Clark Kent, of course, is rounded up with everyone else). Jimmy deludes himself into thinking he's Bruce Willis and is going to save everyone's lives in a rather hilarious Internal Monologue held while crawling through an air duct. He, of course, ends up accomplishing nothing much in particular until Superman finally "arrives" to save the day
In an episode of 3rd Rock from the Sun, a retiring professor says that he's going to work on his novel, which he describes as "Die Hard only set in an office building". Dick points out the truth, greatly annoying the man.
Stargate SG-1 inverted this trope: in "Bad Guys" the SG-1 itself is mistaken as a group of terrorists in an alien museum, and a bumbling security guard believes himself to be the McClane. Naturally, they Lampshade it:
Mitchell: [over radio while held at gunpoint] "Uh, we've got ourselves a John McClane wannabe here."
They've played it straight a few times. The Prometheus has been taken over by alien or human bad guys on at least two occasions, and once SG-1 had to take it back from an alternate SG-1. (Long story.) The SGC has also been the target of this a few times. (In "Foothold", for example, the aliens were masquerading as the regular characters, and Sam was the only one who was really herself). Die Hard... In Colorado?
"The Storm" and "The Eye" is a very deliberate reference, because the Big Bad (Acastus Kolya) is Robert Davi - who was one of the FBI agents in the original Die Hard. "The Return" does it as well, and also the final season's "The Prodigal", which even ends with Teyla tossing series Big Bad off the top floor of the Atlantis main tower. Note that "The Storm/The Eye", "The Return," and the above-mentioned SG-1 episode "Bad Guys" were all penned by staff writer Martin Gero, who apparently has a favorite movie.
Averted with "Midway". The Wraith have taken over the SGC, and there are only two people conscious on our side. Perfect time for another "Die Hard at the SGC"... except the two conscious people are Teal'c and Ronon. Instead of sneaking around, they just start killing every Wraith they can find.
The CSI: New York third-season finale "Snow Day" is another example.
The Middleman episode "The Clotharian Contamination Protocol", in which Die Hard is referenced repeatedly, both by the characters and via in-jokes. The HQ is aided by the Nakatomi Protocol, which widens the air ducts and initiates a lockdown. Toward the end of the episode it becomes Die Hard In An Android.
Dubby: How often does the HQ get invaded?
The Middleman: About three times a year.
Chuck, which not only has bad guys taking over the Buy More, but also has has Al from Die Hard in it, as Big Mike's cousin.
And in a different episode, different bad guys take over the store after Black Friday when Morgan, Jeff and Lester are the only ones inside. The bad guys take Jeffster hostage while Morgan was in his office taking a foot bath...in a tank top...without shoes. Yes, he uses the vents to get around, yes, he knocks a box of tacks off a shelf...and steps on them. Yes, he decides to make a rescue with a gun taped to his back.
Burn Notice had an episode where Michael and a rival go Die Hard in a Bank.
A more recent episode played with the formula. Michael infiltrates a gang of criminals who take over a small airport and take hostages (including Michael's mother). What does Michael do? Sabotage the operation from within and direct the blame towards a nonexistent airport employee.
It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia has "The Gang Gets Taken Hostage". Frank is stuck in the air vents while the Mc Poyle's hold the rest of the gang hostage. He even has to walk over broken glass and tape a gun to his back. And at one point he yells "Yipee Ki Yay Mr. Falcon!"
Human Target has had Die Hard On a Bullet Train ["Pilot"] (complete with air vent crawl!) and Die Hard In a Monastery ["Sanctuary"].
A season finale episode of Third Watch was essentially "Die Hard in a hospital with five times more cops", and was very action packed for the type of series it was.
As the characters repeatedly Lampshade, Jim & George's subplot of the No Ordinary Family episode "No Ordinary Detention" is Die Hard in a police station. The trope is also Invoked, as they explicitly base their plan on McClane's actions. George compares himself to Sgt. Powell ("Let me be your black dude"), and Jim at one point uses the family-friendly half of McClane's Catch Phrase.
Mad About You played with being Die Hard in a Hospital because the hospital is sealed off after Bruce Willis gets hurting 'filming the latest Die Hard film, Die Already. He ends up wandering the hospital ("Do I look concussed?") and helping Paul Riser's character make it to his daughter's birth.
Happens in Global Dynamics in Eureka, with Jo Lupo and Zoe Carter.
In the Leverage episode "The Radio Job", part of the con involves making an FBI agent think this is what's going on. Eliot manages to get off a "Yippee ki-yay, motherf--!"
24 did this basically Once a Season, in addition to drawing enough tonal influences from the original movie that "Die Hardon the clock" is not a bad description for it.
That Mitchell and Webb Look featured a sketch in which a terminally ill man's last wish was to do Die Hard. As in re-enact the original movie for real. He's later disappointed when it's not as much fun as he hoped it would be.
Metal Gear Solid 2 manages to cover "DH on a ship" and "DH in a clean up facility." Metal Gear Solid 4 is a bit like Live Free or Die Hard in the sense that Snake does quite a bit of traveling in the game. This game lets us add "DH in the Middle East, South America, Europe and Alaska" before coming back to being on a ship again (which this time around is more like Storming The Castle)
Of course the original Metal Gear (and sequels) came out in 1987 pre-dating Die Hard and with the same basic plot. Many also differ in that the "terrorists" often aren't taking over anything, but staying at home being evil and Snake needs to infiltrate them.
Die Hard in Zanzibar, that's about it.
Metroid Fusion is "Die Hard in a space station." Other games in the series are "Die Hard on an entire planet", only that Samus is the invader there.
Mass Effect 2 has a Die Hard on the Normandy scene when Joker has to escape the Collectors and find Shepard to go rescue the rest of the crew.
The last section of the Arrival DLC, where Shepard has to fight through the Indoctrinated Alliance team and destroy the Alpha Relay before the Reapers can establish a beachhead, can be summed up as Die Hard on an Asteroid.
In Mass Effect 3, the plot of the Citadel DLC is essentially Die Hard on the Citadel, culminating with a frantic shootout on the Normandy as Shepard rushes to retake the ship. Die Hard on the Normandy: Die Harder?
In Paper Mario, there is a "Die Hard starring Princess Peach" segment after every chapter. The castle has been taken over by Bowser, and you have to use secret passages and disguises to sneak around and, at one point, stealthily bake a cake.
In strip #349 of Micheal Firman's Moe, while not a reconstruction of this trope in itself, the titular character tries to pitch an action-romance movie based on this format, albeit without being able to think of any romantic movie to merge Die Hard with.
"I'm picturing something like Die Hard meets... That scene in Die Hard where he gets all gushy over his wife"
Parodied with the page-quote exchange on The Simpsons. Just to clarify, those events didn't really happen. They're a fabrication by Homer.
The episode where Maggie rescues the other babies from a creche made a lot of references to The Great Escape, but was actually more like Die Hard In A Nursery.
The South Park episode "Super Fun Time" is essentially Die Hard at Ye Olde Settlement, where a team of terrorists, complete with a Hans lookalike, takes a frontier-town educational park hostage after robbing a Burger King.
An episode of Beast Wars does this with a unique twist: It's the building where Rattrap is hiding that is trying to kill him. He sets off the security system and tries to deactivate it.
And an episode of Transformers Animated did Die Hard on an Elite Guard Spaceship. Complete with bomb-down-the-elevator-shaft and grumbling while crawling through the air vent.
"Masters of Evil" has some of the Avengers' biggest villains at the time take over the Avengers Mansion, and capture five of the Avengers. Ant-Man, Hawkeye, and Black Panther subsequently have to rescue their fellow superheroes.
"Alone Against AIM" was actually promoted once as, "Die Hard at Stark Industries!" The Scientist Supreme cuts off the power at the main Stark Industries office building, and takes Pepper Potts hostage, while also stealing some of Iron Man's armor. This leaves an un-armored Tony Stark having to stop AIM from blowing up the building, with the Technovore chasing him in pursuit of the arc reactor in his chest. One scene even shows Tony descending an elevator shaft together with Maria Hill.
Done as a whole plot reference in the Cleveland Show in the episode "Die Semi-Hard"