"I'm a cowboy, on a steel horse I ride,The Western genre is a rich one, but has been decidedly played out over the years, to the point where it's hard to do a Western series without looking like you're ripping off a rip-off. The easiest way to revitalize the genre is to set it in the future, when man's expansion onto other planets has created a similar state of lawlessness and grit—hence the Space Western. A less popular choice is the New Old West, in which Western traditions and tropes are shifted forward a hundred or so years into the modern day. Now the bandits drive pick-up trucks or ride motorcycles, the outlaws hole up in motels and the great plains of America are surrounded on all sides by airports, highways and cities. Of course this means that it's harder to do stories about outlaws, because advances in technology mean that it's easier for law enforcement agents to pursue and convict criminals. As a result, many New Old West stories are about the perceived loss of freedom in America now that such days are gone. There's an overlap with the Twilight of the Old West trope if the New Old West story is set in the early part of the 20th century and is about elements of the Wild West fading away. If there is a fantasy or supernatural element to the story, expect an actual cowboy—or some other person from the actual Old West—to somehow make an appearance. Because of its proximity to Texas, the overwhelming power of The Cartel, and the numerous poor towns that any criminal can hide in, a good number of New Old West stories take place South of the Border.
And I'm wanted—dead or alive."
And I'm wanted—dead or alive."
— Bon Jovi, "Wanted Dead or Alive"
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Anime and Manga
- Fist of the North Star has a fallout-covered nuclear Wild West.
- Trigun ould be considered sort of a cross between this and Space Western—it's on an alien planet, but space travel has been lost and the tech is kind of schizy. The level of order is deplorably low, which is treated as kind of a problem because bandits and other abuses of the violent kinds, but the hero would be in big trouble if 'the Feds' could actually exert any authority, and the 'awesome' factor is milked for all it's worth.
- Preacher takes the whole thing so far it even features an unkillable cowboy and the "ghost" of John Wayne.
- The Hitman annual is a modern-day Western, right down to the coffin full of money.
- Several other DC Comics Annuals that year were modern westerns (the "theme" being pulp fiction genres). These included Superman as the Mysterious Stranger
ridingflying into town; Impulse teaming with the original Vigilante, now running a dude ranch; and Robin facing down the modern day Trigger Twins, alongside the modern day Pow-Wow Smith and Nighthawk.
- Several other DC Comics Annuals that year were modern westerns (the "theme" being pulp fiction genres). These included Superman as the Mysterious Stranger
- The DCU comic Cinnamon: El Ciclo was an updating of a female Bounty Hunter from the 1970s book Weird Western Tales to the present day, where she was a security operative for hire.
- Several other DC Western characters have modern day counterparts, although how Western their stories are varies considerably.
- The Legend of Red Wolf by Enrique Villagran.
- Wynonna Earp is New Old West meets Weird West.
- The Marvel Comics miniseries Six Guns features present day legacies of five Western characters: the Tarantula, the Two-Gun Kid, the Black Rider, Matt Slade: Gunfighter, and Tex Dawson.
- The Golden Age DC Comics characters Pow-Wow Smith (Native American sheriff) and Vigilante (singing cowboy) were 1940s Western characters, although sometimes DC forgot and put them in the real Old West. This was eventually explained as Pow-Wow having an Identical Grandfather and Vigilante getting Trapped in the Past during an adventure with the Seven Soldiers.
- Parodied in a Lobo Elseworlds annual in which Lobo takes the role of various Western characters (Geroni-bo, The Main Man With No Name, Anne Bo-kley, etc). The final story is about "The Last Despera-bo" ... who promptly gets hit by a truck.
- The modern Amazing Fantasy anthology series was headlined for a few issues by Vegas, a shiftless luck-stealing bounty hunter on the trail of the old mutant gang he used to run with after they hospitalized his sister.
- The Cursed Earth from Judge Dredd is essentially an After the End version of the Old West, with Dredd and his fellow Judges often taking the role of The Sheriff.
- The Rafael Sandoval version of DC Comics' El Diablo, who had his own short-lived title in the early 90s, patrolled a modern day border town while confronting issues that face Mexican-Americans.
- Sherwood, Texas is a Setting Update of Robin Hood which re-imagines Robin as the leader of otlaw biker gang on the Texas/Mexico border, battling the corrupt Sheriff of Nottingham County and the rival Nobles biker gang.
- A frequent setting in Disney Ducks Comic Universe. It's almost like Twilight of the Old West never happened there... except that according to The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck, it did.
- Two of DC's licensed comics of the late Golden Age, Dale Evans Comics and Jimmy Wakely, starred the two then-popular celebrities in western adventures set in the present day of the early 1950s.
- A weird case is the Dino Attack RPG, in that this and the more traditional Wild West seem to be happening at the same time note . On the one hand, we have Engineer who has a clear Western vibe but is also quite skilled with handling modern technology. On the other hand, Clint Wayne and Angel Eyes are still very much the sort of old-fashioned gunslingers you'd see in a Sergio Leone Western. The town of El Paso that we see also resembles the more classical Wild West, even going as far as to have the majority of the population being misogynistic bigots, drunkards, bandits, or otherwise unlikeable outside of those in the Dino Attack Team (though the primitive nature of the town could be justified by the fact that it was quickly built up after the main Western town was destroyed by a mutant dinosaur apocalypse).
- Sky High (1922) is set in the present day, but has all the trappings of The Western—a hero on horseback wearing a cowboy hat (Tom Mix), bad guys who conspire in a Bad-Guy Bar, the desert, a climactic fight on the side of a cliff.
- The Lusty Men (1952) by Nicholas Ray is set in the late 40s and deals with Rodeo Performers in the Midwest, living nomadically in trailer parks. The sleazy Rodeo culture is seen as a Nostalgia Filter and The Theme Park Version of the Wild West with cowboys becoming little more than exploited performers who risk their lives riding wild broncos, all for little pay and no insurance.
- Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia.
- Paris, Texas by Wim Wenders opens, and is shot on location in, Marfa Texas and also focuses on Houston while the main character, played by Harry Dean Stanton is likened to be a cowboy in Modern America. The film shows the diversity of different landscapes in Texas, from scorching hot and rocky Marfa to ultra-modern Houston. Wim Wenders has generally stated many times that he considers the modern Road Movie to be the true successor of The Western.
- Six Reasons Why takes the tropes of the old west and places them in an unknown time with modern technology.
- Near Dark is a film that follows a band of outlaw vampires on the backroads of Oklahoma.
- Wild at Heart provided some of the inspiration for Preacher (see Comic Books, above).
- The Three Burials of Melquiades Estrada is a 2005 Mexican-American neo-western film set on the US-Mexican border.
- Happens in the Gun Crazy live action Japanese movies.
- The Mad Max films are essentially Westerns set After the End Down Under.
- Dead Man's Shoes is a rare British example, taking Western themes and setting them in Matlock.
- A setting much beloved by Robert Rodriguez, whose forays include the El Mariachi trilogy and From Dusk Till Dawn.
- The Swedish film Baba's Cars depicts the battle between a used car salesman and his apprentice vs The Mafiya. It's set in the northern town of Kiruna, which is portrayed exactly like the Old West, with wide open plains, canyons, etc, only they're covered with snow and ice instead of sand.
- Brokeback Mountain, though it's not a shoot 'em up.
- No Country for Old Men is a Film Noir set in the New Old West.
- Parts of Kill Bill. Instead of a brothel, you've got a dingy titty bar; instead of a sinister mustachioed gunslinger, you've got a shotgun-wielding sadist who listens to Johnny Cash...
- Ghost Rider played up these elements, also tying in an older Western character by the same name (who existed in the comics but was unrelated to the modern character).
- The Professionals is a classic 1966 Western set in 1917. A group of experts are hired to go into Mexico and rescue the wife of a rancher who has been kidnapped by Mexican revoloutinaries. Comments are made about the Great war raging in Europe and the heroes have to face the traditional dangers of the West combined with more modern threats such as machine guns and artllery pieces.
- Extreme Prejudice (1987) used this trope as the background for an action movie where a Texas Ranger teams up with a high-tech black ops unit to take down a former friend-turned-Mexican druglord. Emphasis is placed on how the Old West ways are being destroyed by the easy money available from the drug trade, and the violence that accompanies it.
- Lone Wolf McQuade (1983) David Carradine and Chuck Norris kick martial arts butt in the New West. Was the inspiration for Walker, Texas Ranger.
- Streets of Fire emphasizes the trope with Tom's duster.
- The Korean The Good, the Bad and the Ugly remake, The Good, the Bad, the Weird, transplants the setting of the story from the American Civil War to 1940s Manchuria.
- Crush Proof plays like The Wild Bunch recast with a bunch of Dublin teenagers.
- Alex Cox's 1987 cult film Straight To Hell is a parody of spaghetti westerns set in modern times, with a cast of punk rockers and character actors.
- Big Trouble in Little China started out as a western before being moved to the present. It still retains some of the trappings, especially Jack Burton carrying a saddlebag around on his shoulder and riding off into the sunset.
- John Carpenter said that he chose to direct Vampires because he thought the script resembled a Western (and even described as a "Western disguised as a horror film"). The film itself is full of Western landscapes and ghost towns with a vintage feel.
- Harley Davidson and the Marlboro Man is set in the New Old West. It features a gang of outlaws (with one of the lead outlaws, the Marlboro Man, being an actual cowboy), riding motorcycles rather than horses, robbing an armored car (instead of a train), to get money to save the cowboy bar (set near a modern airport and skyscrapers, representing the last bastion of the old way of life) they all love.
- Red Hill, set in modern-day rural Australia (which works perfectly).
- In Day of the Wolves, a gang of outlaws take over a small Western town. It would not take much of a rewrite to have the plot take place in 1871 instead of 1971.
- The Wild Bunch takes place in 1913, basically showing the last hurrah of the wild west.
- The oft-overlooked Lonely Are The Brave, set in 1962. The protagonist, Jack Burns (Kirk Douglas), is an itinerant ranch hand who still rides everywhere on horseback and sleeps wherever he ends up in the evening; he refuses to join modern society, claiming that he resents its emphasis on telling people where they can or can't go and what they can or can't do. His Old West lifestyle, however, has been growing increasingly difficult to maintain.
- The Electric Horseman takes place in the contrasting worlds of the modern West: the glitzy Las Vegas Strip and the unspoiled wilderness of Utah's Zion National Park.
- Last Man Standing brings the chain of adaptations begun by Red Harvest full circle, putting the familiar story of Yojimbo and A Fistful of Dollars back in a 1930s border town.
- Hud is set on a Texas cattle ranch during the early 1960s and involves the undermining of the Old West's traditional values by the amorality and ruthlessness of the modern West represented by the film's title character.
- The Last Stand is about an aging sheriff of a Arizona-Mexico border having his own High Noon-like experience.
- No Man's Land, set in the isolated deserts of Xinjiang, China.
- Bad Day at Black Rock is set in a Western "cowboy" town that, for all its isolation, has by the 1940s managed to acquire such modern technologies as rental cars, telephones and streamlined trains. The pseudo-drifter protagonist served in World War II, and the anti-Japanese racism of the era is an important theme.
- Logan is described as a Western, with elements drawn not just from Old Man Logan but James Mangold also cites the modern Western classic, Unforgiven, as one of its inspirations.
- Replace town with bar and sheriff with bouncer and you have Road House.
- In Bronco Billy, Bronco Billy and his troupe are nostalgic of the Wild West. Their show is an attempt to revive the Old West. At some point, they even try to rob a train.
- The Dark Tower series by Stephen King has elements of this; much of the action takes place After the End, but there are also parts in which Roland and his fellow "gunslingers" enter the modern world for a while. Most of these instances are grim (Eddie taking on the drug dealers he used to work for), but once or twice Hilarity Ensues.
- There's also the short-lived Pulp Magazine character Peter Rice, a sheriff who investigated murders in contemporary 1930's Arizona.
- Louis Lamour set his novel The Broken Gun in the 1950's, with a reporter following up on century-old journal pages stuffed in a revolver.
- The Joanna Brady mysteries by JA Jance. Joanna is sheriff of Cochise County in Arizona; the jurisdiction with happens to include Tombstone.
- The Rockabye County series by J.T. Edson.
- Several stories Walt Coburn, most likely a result of him having grown up in the Twilight of the Old West.
- "Broken Wings" is set shortly after WWI and makes a point of throwing an airplane into a story about a gold mind and a Mexican coup.
- In the Kate Shugak novels, much is made of the frontier atmosphere of Alaska, and the fact that the beat of single trooper can cover 300 miles or more.
- Though The Dresden Files was originally written as Noir Detective/Urban Fantasy fusion set in the present, before diversifying into a far more complex world full of supernatural politics, it arguably owes most to this, particularly in the early books, with Dresden hunting down monsters that are beyond the reach of mortal police forces. He lampshades this in book 9, White Night, when he says that he's playing 'supernatural sheriff of Chicago' and should therefore get spurs and a ten gallon hat. He even rocks a leather duster (formerly a canvas duster), which is admittedly enchanted, that looks like it belongs on the set of El Dorado. His signature weapon, a .44 Magnum Revolver (a Dirty Harry Special), which succeeded his .357 Chief's Special, sort of fits too.
- The Continental Op short story "Corkscrew", written in 1925, must be one of the earliest examples of this trope. The Op is appointed Deputy Sheriff of Corkscrew, Arizona, where cowboys keep getting killed.
- The Joe Pickett novels by C.W. Box are set in the Bighorn Mountains in Wyoming. Joe is a game warden whose 'beat' covers thousands of acres. He is often far from any kind of back-up. Adding to the 'old west' feel is that many of the locals regard themselves as cowboys and prefer to take the law into their own hands.
- Cthulhu Armageddon by C.T. Phipps is a post-apocalypse After the End Weird West series set in the aftermath of the Great Old Ones rising. Humanity has been reduced to a Scavenger Society where they scrape on the slow road to extinction.
Live Action TV
- The Highwayman — 1988 TV series (ran for 9 episodes). Set 20 Minutes into the Future, chronicles the adventures of a U.S. Marshal and his cohorts in the lawless West of the near-future. Unexplained throwaway lines such as "re-colonizing the West" are common. Sometimes described as "Mad Max Meets Knight Rider."
- Bearcats!! — 1971 TV series (13 episodes plus 2-hour pilot film Powderkeg), a Western set in the year 1914. The heroes were freelance adventurers who drove around in a Stutz Bearcat sports car instead of riding horses. The 20th-century setting allowed the writers to add modern elements such as the aforementioned Bearcat, oil companies, Imperial German spies and World War I, Mexican revolutionaries, and belt-fed machine guns. Ended up as something of an Anachronism Stew anyway because they often skimped on research — one episode featured a Renault FT-18 tank (the tank was not invented until 1915), another a Curtiss JN-4 biplane (first flight 1915) in Mexican Air Force colors (Curtiss "Jennies" were exported only to Britain). The show's continuity was a little soft from week to week, particularly with regard to those Mexican revolutionaries—one week, our heroes were working with the Mexican government against the rebels, the next week they were siding with the rebels. Despite all that, was quite fun to watch.
- One episode of Sliders had the group slide into a world where all of America (and possibly the whole world) was wild-west-ey, including such things as the stock market being gambling, (stocks are traded in poker games), and lawyers are actually gunslingers (trials are a quick-draw duel). And California is part of Texas, because the results of the Alamo were different in that alternate universe..
- Walker, Texas Ranger has many episodes set outside Dallas, especially those on the Indian reservations.
- The Toku show Kaiketsu Zubat is a Mix and Match of New Old West and Superheroes. Though it takes place in Japan in The '70s, with modern technology plainly visible, the characters all dress and act as if they were in The Wild West.
- Justified is set in the present day, the main character will never be seen without his cowboy hat, and the show features many quick-draw gunfights. However, it also draws attention to how weird this trope can look to bystanders, with its protagonist being given endless amounts of crap both for his hat and for his Cowboy Cop tendencies.
- Longmire and the novels on which it's based.
- Supernatural is New Old West meets Weird West.
- The Walking Dead is also both this with Weird West, being a modern western set in the backdrop of a zombie apocalypse.
- Breaking Bad, set in New Mexico, is a story of power and corruption featuring gunfights, stalemates, showdowns, deserts, Indian reservations, and even a train robbery. The criminals in the show are essentially Western outlaws who use modern technology and make money through the modern-day drug trade.
- Defiance is a Western set on a heavily terraformed Earth after a war between humanity and several alien races ended in a draw, leaving humanity and the aliens to work together (at least in the title city, built over the ruins of St. Louis).
- The A-Team is essentially telling the classic story of hired guns protecting the good farmer from the evil rancher in most episodes.
- While it is infinitely less cynical than most of the examples on this list, The Roy Rogers Show is indisputably a Western despite being set in the present day (the 1950's). Really, the only indication that it is the present, a lot of the time, is the existence of Pat Brady's jeep, Nellybelle.
- Firefly is really more of a classic Space Western, but although it’s set approximately 500 years in the future, most SF elements are noticeably missing, most of the time: there are no robots (at least until Serenity), laser weapons are very rare, and the only alien in the series is revealed to be a mutated, upside-down cow fetus in a jar. The title theme heightens the effect by heavily featuring western guitar/banjoes. Hence, it has something of a New-Old-West feel.
- The old-time radio show Tales Of The Texas Rangers started in 1950 and chronicled relatively recent exploits of the famous Texas law enforcers.
- Although each successive edition of Necromunda has downplayed these elements, the underhive can basically be seen as a pseudo-Cyber Punk version of the Wild West with Bounty Hunters, techno-barbarian native tribes, shootouts and the like combined with mutants, cyborgs and ancient technology.
- The "New West" in Rifts is basically The Theme Park Version of the Old West in a post-apocalyptic Science-Fiction-meets-Fantasy Kitchen Sink, with dinosaurs and dino-like alien beasts, Native Americans (magical or not) and fantasy counterparts up the wazoo, Cool Horses of every type you can think of, Mexican vampires, millions of buffalo, and scattered settlements and peoples enthusiastically embracing every western stereotype (and there's lots of other stuff besides); Justified due to 1- Earth becoming a dimensional nexus, and 2- the inhabitants of the place trying to recreate the culture from the few surviving pre-Rifts fragments of information, most of which are fictional movies, country/western songs, novels, and other romanticized media (save for the actual Native Americans and buffalo, who had a leg up thanks to their returning spirits and gods, who'd prepared for this at least since the early 17th century).
- Fallout has several aspects of this despite (or perhaps because of) being a post-apocalyptic wasteland. Especially the second game, in which the New California Republic was spreading it's influence north and east resulting in several "frontier towns" (although many did exist before the NCR). This would have been explored further in the cancelled Van Buren version of Fallout 3 which had a major sub-plot about the NCR establishing railways.
- Fallout: New Vegas (which uses many concept and crew members from the aforementioned Van Buren concept) clearly evokes this trope up and down. Two hundred and two years after the nuclear war, the American Southwest starts to look less like an irradiated wasteland and more like it has returned to late 19th century with heaps of schizotech. People finally start producing their own technology alongside with scavenging the ruins. As a result, laser pistols run side-by-side with .44 revolvers, while cowboy hats and dusters are worn next to Powered Armor; the driving theme is no longer survival on the ruins of civilization but rather the reconquest of the frontier and the conflict between civilization and lawlessness. There's even a Perk called "Cowboy" that grants extra damage for "old fashion" weapons like revolvers or lever-action longarms.
- Borderlands counts as this, since it's a Space Western in which you cannot escape the planet Pandora. No, not that Pandora. While Pandora is not a Single-Biome Planet, the parts you can reach (those not fenced off by Atlas Corporation) are mostly desert and badlands. Oh, and Revolvers and Sniper Rifles are noticeably more effective than assault rifles and rocket launchers. Also, the few established towns are subject to frequent raids by local bandits. Guns by the Jakobs corporation (particularly in the second game) are specifically meant to invoke this as most of them are modeled after weapons of Westerns.
- Borderlands 2 has a much wider series of settings... including Lynchwood, a town specifically designed to evoke this. The missions in the area are distinctly western-themed, including standbys like a train robbery, robbing a bank, and having a gunfight with a corrupt Sheriff, who is also the girlfriend of the Big Bad. Jakobs Revolvers and Sniper Rifles have also become some of the most popular weapons with the fanbase, as they retain their high damage and reliablity from the first game, along with a new attribute-they now fire as fast as you can click (for most guns) or have an enormous critical damage boost (for a sniper rifle).
- In Borderlands: The Pre-Sequel!, you can play as Nisha, the Sheriff of Lynchwood, and unsurprisingly, her kit is focused heavily on dual-wielding pistols, with her action skill giving her instant rapid-fire auto-aim and boosted damage.
- Call of Juarez: The Cartel advertised itself as this, proclaiming "Welcome to the new Wild West." In practice, however, it's simply a shooter set in modern-day LA with no real elements of this trope save for character Ben McCall's appearance and a few of the settings (an abandoned frontier town and a Mexican graveyard).
- Red Steel 2 is set in a futuristic wild west town. So you have tumble-weeds, a grumpy sheriff, six-shooters and a roaming band of bandits mixed up with samurai, cars, machine-guns and robots.
- Interstate '76, where the main difference is that both vigilantes and outlaws mount their guns on classic muscle cars.
- Bastion is sort of a fantasy New Old West; it's about forging a new life in a hostile land after a cataclysm destroyed everything familiar, and the hero's journey is accompanied by a hard-bitten old-timer's narration.
- Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain sets up Afghanistan, of all places, as this. It too is a rocky desert with a lot of violence, and Snake starts off by riding into it on a horse along with cowboy-wannabe Ocelot.
- In the interest of creating a World Half Full, Overwatch apparently has this in the mid-west. Gangs roam the country-side on hover-bikes, bothering small communities, but also engage in weapon dealings and other, more modern criminal acts. One of the larger, more notorious gangs' member, McCree, was captured and had a Heel–Face Turn, worked for Overwatch as a Black Ops soldier, and now roams the land as a drifter. In one comic, McCree prevents a train-hijacking like a classic Western hero... Only the train is a modern, luxurious bullet-train, and the bandits are Talon Operatives with automatic weapons and five helicopters of back-up. And McCree only has a revolver. He still wins. Without missing a shot.
- Pokémon Colosseum lifts a fare bit of the western genre, including character archetype and setting (and a soundtrack with a decent use of harmonica), but is clearly futuristic in setting. Also, it includes the cowboy fashioned "Rider" trainer class.
- Madness Combat started off as one, with the presence of a Sheriff, and Hank as a sociopathic Made of Iron Gunslinger. After the Sheriff's death, and the Improbability Drive became a key feature, the series immediately shifted to a science fiction theme. However, the series is set in concrete buildings on top of a giant canyon, there's virtually no law and two characters prefer revolvers. Oh, and Tricky drives a train at one point.
- Western cities that used to be more in the "Wild West" style are now the epitomes of this trope. Sure, there are still lots of ranches, farms, cattle, horses, and such in area like that of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, but those are now among skyscrapers, ten-lane highways, massive urban sprawl, bright lights, and metro lines. Telluride, Colorado, home of the famous Telluride Film Festival, is basically a permanently Old West town that happens to contain some modern technology.
- The Texas Rangers (the law-enforcement agency, not the baseball team) encourage their members to "wear clothing that is western in nature", essentially making this an Enforced Trope. That does not mean they can't use customized, modern weapons or drive cars to get from place to place, however.
- And of course, in many backwater areas of third-world countries (Hell, even in first or second world ones if they suffered some kind of societal dysfunction causing civilization to recede), you may find a barren land where civilzation isn't advanced enough, people solve their problems with lead instead of words in a lawless town. Essentially, The Old West with new tech. One recent example was when an American film production company decided to make a Western-style movie about the 2011 shoot-out in Sagra, Yekaterinburg Oblast, Russia, where a local militia fended off a bandit attack. The residents of the town, however, refused to allow such a movie to be made, because they felt the events were too dramatic to turn them into a work of entertainment.
- This trope is Truth in Television on a much more profound level when you consider that the American West didn't just disappear sometime between 1890 and 1920, but simply evolved into the modern Western United States on the basis of infrastructure and culture laid down in the 18th and 19th centuries and on the same land. People still ranch and farm outside the big cities. Land titles in many states are still traceable to Spanish and Mexican land grants that stretch back to the 18th century. There are still regular conflicts over who owns and controls what land between the federal government, ranchers, developers, mineral prospectors, Indians, and now also environmentalists and conservationists. You can still only settle where you have or can bring water (even if that means building thousands of miles of dams and aqueducts to water the cities and farms), and between that and conservation efforts, a lot of open country still looks like it did when the settlers arrived. The region's economy still tends to run on boom and bust cycles (it was gold, silver and copper mining in the 19th century; oil, aerospace, manufacturing and gambling in the 20th century; and now IT, finance and real estate in the 21st). Immigrants still come from all over the world to settle and work in whatever the latest booming industry is. There are still gangs of outlaws even if they're now called "La Eme," "Hells Angels," "Crips" or something else. Unless you live in California's more restrictive counties in Los Angeles or the Bay Area, you can generally legally own and carry a gun in public if you're a law abiding citizen and apply for a permit (which are more expansive gun rights than visitors to Dodge City, Abilene, or Tombstone had at some points, and you don't even need the permit in some states), and all but four states west of the Mississippi (not counting Hawaii) have "stand-your-ground" self defense laws (even California). "The Twilight of The Old West" as a trope might have meant that the rest of America stopped seeing the West as a wild and untamed frontier, but that didn't mean that the West itself didn't continue to develop on the distinct path it was already on.