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Frontier Doctor
"I have great respect for those of the medical profession who have taken up their position in the remote districts of Scotland and devote themselves to the healing art under most disadvantageous circumstances... I have in mind an insular doctor who has a great deal to do of midnight boating in glacial weather, and whose bills are often paid not in coin but in fleece off a sheep's back."
Daniel Turner Holmes, Literary Tours in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland.

A physician who works in a frontier community.

While the inhabitants of The Wild West were tougher than case-hardened nails, they still could get hurt and sick. So there was a need for doctors, and the Frontier Doctor came west to fill that need. The frontier doctor needed to be tough and resourceful, since supplies were scarce, and the latest equipment was seldom at hand. He'd often be called upon to travel long distances at any hour of the day or night, and might even treat sick animals if no veterinarian was handy (the opposite - veterinarian instead of a doctor - is usually Played for Laughs).

With all that said, anyone who'd leave the soft, prosperous life of a doctor in the East had to have a pretty good reason. In fiction, the Frontier Doctor is often flawed. Perhaps he is an alcoholic, or killed a man, or is a Wide-Eyed Idealist who volunteered to come west without thinking it through. Which isn't to say that the characters in a Western aren't grateful that he's there to patch up their bullet holes and cure their pox.

The stress may turn him into a Dr. Jerk, given time.

As the territory becomes more civilized, this character becomes "the town doctor", with better access to equipment and supplies, but not much more rest as he or she's still basically the only physician for miles.

Examples:

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    Anime and Manga 

    Comics 
  • Dr. Leonard McCoy in the aptly titled Leonard McCoy: Frontier Doctor. Set between the original Star Trek series and Star Trek: The Motion Picture, the series follows a bearded Dr. McCoy as he works with the Starfleet frontier doctors program.

    Film 

    Literature 
  • On the Discworld witches perform this role in out of the way communities such as Lancre.
  • In Time Enough for Love, Lazarus Long is living on a frontier planet and has mildly unpleasant dealings with the alcoholic (and only) doctor on the planet.
  • In the novel Christy, Neil MacNeill is the doctor of a remote, impoverished Appalachian community in the early 1900s.
  • Eccentric assistant Callum from later series of All Creatures Great and Small left to become a Frontier Vet, motivated not by any lack of skill but by his vast sense of adventure. For a while he practiced in Nova Scotia, then when it became too soft and civilised for him there he took himself off to Papua New Guinea instead.
    • Come to think of it, practicing vetinary medicine in rural Yorkshire in the 1930s is pretty close to this trope in spirit, so most of the main characters probably qualify.
  • 'Doc' Leroy in the novels of J.T. Edson. 'Doc' was studying medicine when his father's murder caused him to drop out and take work as a cowhand. He spent a lot of time using his medical expertise as a doctor in a Closest Thing We Got manner. He eventually completed his qualifications in Doc Leroy, M.D..

    Live Action TV 
  • Parodied in a series of Armstrong And Miller sketches. "I work in Botswana, saving lives. Do YOU?"
  • Doc Cochran of Deadwood. Man's got an extremely curmudgeonly disposition, and a glare that'd spook the eyebrows off a Mentat, but he's a compassionate soul tryin' to hold onto some fuckin' humanity in that godforsaken camp. If people'd listen to him more often, he might actually be able to do his job. He's also got a boatload of psychological trauma from his time in the Civil War, so the man's altogether a whole barrel o' laughs.
  • Dr. Bill Baxter of the obviously-named Frontier Doctor series.
  • Dr. Michaela Quinn of Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman.
  • Simon Tam of Firefly is a Frontier Doctor IN SPACE!, down to having once worked in a Hospital Paradiso on a Core World and being driven to the Frontier by a conflict with the law.
  • In the first episode of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Bashir comments about his new post saying this, and offending Major Kira in the process. (This is her home, and it doesn't seem like a distant frontier to THIS restless native.) On the other hand, he does go about occasionally making house-calls to neighboring planets, (including Bajor a time or two).
    • Bashir later meets a classmate who took a prestige assignment with a starship, and she complains how boring her own assignment was as opposed to his own (the writers also uses this as a jab against The Next Generation and Voyagers problem of the week episodes compared to the arcs in Deep Space Nine).
  • Dr. McCoy in The Original Series is perhaps Trek's outstanding example of a (Final) Frontier Doctor—resourceful in the face of alien ailments, preferring simple homespun methods when possible, but cantankerous, eccentric, and not entirely happy with his lot (he fled to space on the heels of a divorce). Star Trek was pretty much the original Space Western, after all, and actor DeForest Kelley had an extensive background in westerns.
  • Arguably, everyone in a M*A*S*H unit. Hawkeye preferred calling it "meatball surgery."
  • Most of the Diagnosans in Farscape tend to occupy this kind of role.
  • Archie Campbell played one on Hee Haw.
  • Hiram Baker from Little House on the Prairie.
  • More of a post-apocalyptic Scavenger World than the frontier, but Defiance has Doc Yewll, who responds to having a patient threaten her with her own force-scalpel by threatening to throw them out in the street.

    Music 
  • Rocky Raccoon:
    Now the doctor came in stinking of gin
    And proceeded to lie on the table

    Radio 
  • "Doc" Adams of Gunsmoke. The radio version was actually Dr. Calvin Moore, who'd killed a man in a duel and changed his name to avoid the man's vengeful friends; the television version was Dr. Galen Adams, and did not have such a dark backstory.
  • Tex Rorschach, the Frontier Psychiatrist, from Wayne and Shuster, made famous by The Avalanches.

    Real Life 
  • "Doc" Holliday, of Real Life and many, many fictional accounts, was a frontier dentist, but is far better known for his gambling and gunfighting. (His consumptive cough apparently tended to scare off clients.)
  • James Herriot sort of counts, working in a backwater community and all.
  • The Government of Canada gives incentives to medical students who choose to work in rural communities when they get their degrees.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Most any "healer" PC - such as a cleric in D&D - in the vast majority of RPGs will fit the bill, although they often have access to magic in addition to gumption and bandages.

    Video Games 
  • Freddy Pharkas: Frontier Pharmacist
  • Dr. Lyle White in Assassin's Creed III starts a new life in the frontier Homestead, in order to help a couple deliver a baby (and also because the Redcoats were dragging his name through the mud back in Boston).
  • Feodor Kuchin of Infinite Space has dedicated his life to bringing medical aid to frontier planets, low-profile work that doesn't generate donations for his employer, the Medic Organization. And then events conspire to make him join up as ship's doctor to an underage adventurer.


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