Doc Brown: Freeze!
Engineer: Is this a hold up?
Doc Brown: [Beat]... It's a science experiment...A staple of The Western, an outlaw boards a train for the express purpose of robbing it. This was especially common during the period that payroll shipments were sent by train. If the railroad industry is an antagonist in the movie, expect to see at least one of these. A common Caper for films set in the right period. The earliest train robbery was probably the Great Gold Robbery of 1855 - the earliest one in the USA (outside the Civil War) occurred in 1866. So it's basically as old as railways themselves. May eventually lead to a Traintop Battle. The video game equivalent is the Locomotive Level. See also Armed Blag, which is a robbery of an armored car.
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- Used in this classic New Zealand ad for Crunchie, known (appropriately enough) as "The Crunchie Train Robbery".
Anime and Manga
- If we're talking about trains being robbed from outside then the first episode of Wolf's Rain would count.
- The first mission in Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha StrikerS involved stopping one being performed by Scaglietti's Gadget Drones on a supply train.
- The 1931/Grand Punk Railroad arc of Baccano! revolves around three separate parties (a terrorist cult, The Mafia, and a Chicago-based street gang) attempting to hijack the same train all at once. The end result is a Traintop Battle of epic proportions. It wasn't helped by the Rail Tracer. Also present: Isaac and Miria, who think this means taking a train to and from a robbery
- The first volume of the manhwa Priest has one of these going down — and going to hell in horrific fashion.
- A variant in the Water 7 arc of One Piece, where Sanji infiltrates a train in an attempt to rescue Robin, who was being transported to Enies Lobby on it.
- Train robbers are common bad guys in Jonah Hex. Usually a story would open with them holding up a train, when Hex, who was either passing by or being among the passengers, stops them with his gunplay.
- In their first appearance in the Batman comics, the western themed villains the Trigger Twins try to pull off a train job by robbing the money train that collects the takings from the Gotham subway.
- The 1903 film The Great Train Robbery is almost certainly the Ur-Example (at least for movies).
- The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford includes in one of its earlier scenes James's last train robbery, the Blue Cut railroad job of 1882.
- In Back to the Future Part III, Doc hijacks a local train. When asked if this was a train robbery, he responds that it's a "science experiment." In some ways, this in an inversion of the trope. Other robbers would take valuables from the train and leave the train itself undamaged. Doc and Marty took the train (and destroyed it) the valuables on the train weren't even discussed, much less taken. Although considering the comparative value of gold to that of a locomotive at the time they actually destroyed something worth a lot more than regular robbers would have taken from anything short of a bank transport train.
- The Wild Bunch also had a train robbery. Here, the target was guns, not gold.
- The Matt Helm film The Wrecking Crew featured the train robbery of a fortune in gold bullion.
- Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid rob the same train twice. It's hilarious.
Butch: "You can't want to get blown up again, Woodcock!?"
- Public Enemies: Dillinger and company discuss one of these early on in the film. They never get around to it, though.
- The climax of Shanghai Noon involves one of these.
- Tough Guys was a film from 1986 featuring two criminals who were arrested robbing a train when they were young. It follows their release as senior citizens. They give up and rob it again.
- The Train Robbers (1973) starring John Wayne.
- In Once Upon a Texas Train, John Henry and his gang are busted by a band of Texas Rangers while attempting to rob the Texas Train. Twenty years later, John Henry is released from prison and immediately reforms his gang so he can rob the train again, but this time do it right.
- Money Train starring Wesley Snipes and Woody Harrelson where a pair of foster brothers are transit cops and one wants to rob the train carrying the system revenue after losing his job.
- The last "dance" sequence in Sucker Punch is a futuristic train heist.
- The catalyst for the plot of The Good, the Bad, the Weird was two, simultaneous yet separate, train jobs pulled on the same train.
- In The Lone Ranger, Butch Cavendish's gang stages a raid on a train in order to free their boss. Later Tonto steals an entire train full of silver ore from one of the villains.
- The Taking of Pelham One Two Three is this on a subway.
- The movie The Train concerns the French Resistance's efforts to hijack a train containing priceless works of art stolen by the Nazis.
- In The Inglorious Bastards, the title characters are offered a pardon by the US Army if they'll pull off the daring heist of a train carrying an experimental Nazi warhead.
- Sets up the plot of Millions: as Britain changes over to the Euro, a group of thieves rob a train carrying millions of pounds on their way to be incinerated. Some bags of money get lost and find their way to the hands of our protagonists.
- The Legend of Frenchie King starts with one, perpetrated by the titular character and her gang. It also ends with one, though this one is about rescuing the gang members from going to jail instead of a robbery.
- The Titfield Thunderbolt has an Affectionate Parody of the trope when two separate scenes (the antagonists punching holes in the water cistern for the train and a local poacher-turned-engine driver bagging a pheasant) are cut to make it look like one of these is going on.
- The Great Train Robbery by Michael Crichton depicts a historical train robbery, although the accuracy is... questionable.
- Louis L'Amour's novel The Trail to Peach Meadow Canyon has the protagonist plan out the robbery of a train carrying a fortune in gold.
- A prison train gets hijacked in The Six Sacred Stones by the good guys as part of an escape plan.
- One Monk novel, Mr. Monk in Trouble, is about Monk investigating a number of recent killings that turn out to be tied to the theft of a large amount of gold in an infamous train holdup committed in the early 1960s.
- Clockwork Century: In Dreadnought, the James Gang attacks the Dreadnought, though it's more of a "recon by fire" as the train is too well armed to seize.
Live Action TV
- Since Firefly is a Western IN SPACE!, there is naturally a train job in the episode appropriately titled "The Train Job" which is the Trope Namer. Here, the cargo turns out to be medical supplies bound for the people of Paradiso, who are suffering from a degenerative disease called "Bowden's Malady." Mal, being a man of honor, returns the supplies to the townsfolk, making a very bad enemy of his employer, the psychotic Adelai Niska.
- The climax of Life On Mars features a train carrying miner's wages being robbed.
- Heartbeat has featured several train robberies. Apparently the branch lines of 1960s Yorkshire were Britain's answer to the Wild West.
- The Breaking Bad episode "Dead Freight" pulls off a near perfect train heist of Methylamine, bar the dead kid with the spider.
- Occurred in The Cape, wherein the carnival protagonists become the proverbial sand in the wheels of the main protagonist.
- In the Batman TV series, in keeping with his Western motif, the villain Shame pulls a train job.
- Michael Bentine's Potty Time had an episode that retold one of the train robberies from The American Civil War, using puppets.
- Wild West Tech explores the technology and tactics of the trope. Many historical railroad heists are depicted.
- Agents Of Shield: in the episode "T.R.A.C.K.S.", Coulson's team infiltrates a train with the hopes of both stealing the cargo being shipped to Ian Quinn in the train and capture Quinn at the train's last stop. They succeed, but Skye gets shot and very nearly killed by Quinn in the process.
- The villains in one episode of Big Bad Beetleborgs plot to rob a train. No, not the things on the train, the train itself.
- The Brady Bunch: In "Bobby's Hero", Bobby starts idolising Western Outlaw Jesse James. After meeting with a relative of one Jesse James's victim, he has a dream in which Jesse James kills the Bradys during a train robbery.
- Kicks off the plot of Wild AR Ms 3, when two of the playable characters plus the Goldfish Poop Gang try to rob the train, one of the playable characters is there to guard it, and the fourth is just caught in the crossfire.
- Grand Theft Auto IV: The Ballad of Gay Tony has you jump atop an El Train in order to steal it. The whole train car.
- Grand Theft Auto V:
- In the mission "Derailed," Trevor Philips derails a train being used by a high-end courier service so he can loot one of the freight cars.
- The prep for one version of the final heist involves stealing a train to use to transport the loot (which consists of four tons of gold bars) out of the state.
- Call of Juarez, being a Spaghetti Western game, features a Train Job. Or rather, one protagonist is caught helpless right in the middle of it, while the other has to destroy the attacking bandits. On his own.
- Red Dead games:
- Sly Cooper
- StarCraft II featured a mission where you rob Dominion trains to look for whatever it was that they were transporting, an old Confederate adjutant with some dirt on Mengsk. However, instead of boarding the trains, you blow up the trains and steal the object from the remains.
- Jim Raynor and Tychus Findlay do this a lot in one of the Expanded Universe novels.
- Even Star Wars gets one in Jedi Academy.
- 1866 includes several occurences of this trope:
- Some sidequests requires the player to protect a train and shoot the outlaws who are trying to ambush it.
- One of the quick battles places the player as an outlaw taking part in a raid against a Mexican train which is immobilized on the railway.
- This is the point of one of the side quests in Borderlands2.
- Two side quests, and the story mission "A Train to Catch", if you count blowing up the train and looting the wreckage.
- A very similar setup is used in The Secret World. The player character boards a train at one point to recover a dangerous device the train is carrying.
- There is an entire area in Mousehunt dedicated to this concept, featuring waves of mice attempting to rob the train of its supplies. Hunters have to fend off these mice to get the train to its destination.
- In PAYDAY 2, if the player finds some top-secret plans in an Armored Transport truck, the player is taken to a lumber mill to steal a military turret prototype being transported by train.
- In Darkwatch, outlaw Jericho Cross robs a train in the game's intro. Unfortunately, the train wasn't transporting valuables. It was transporting an ancient vampire.
- In his first ever cartoon appearance, Yosemite Sam of Looney Tunes tries to rob a train. He's tried it at least one more time in his long career.
- Subverted in Family Guy, where Peter and Lois's father try to rob a passenger train, but no one travels by train anymore.
- In Justice League Unlimited, after Kasnya ends its Civil War and manages to join The European Union, the Injustice League attempt to rob a trainload of euros en route to the central bank for currency conversion.
- The My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic episode, "Over a Barrel", begins with one.
- The SpongeBob SquarePants special "The Great Patty Caper" is another parody, in which Spongebob believes that the key to the safe containing the Krabby Patty secret formula has been stolen.
- For reasons that are never really explained, Rojo and her crew are attempting to rob a train in the Ben 10: Ultimate Alien episode "Hit 'Em Where They Live".
- The scheme of the Villain of the Week in the Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated episode "The Wild Brood" ultimately turns out to be a train job. He managed to crash the train, but the product he intended to destroy in the wreck was saved before the derailment (which he managed by blowing up a bridge, closing Crystal Cove's railway line as of the second season.)
- The Bob's Burgers episode "The Kids Rob a Train". The train in question hosts a wine tasting, but while the adults enjoy a sumptuous buffet complete with a chocolate fountain, the kids stay locked inside the "Juice Caboose". So the Belcher kids plan to rob the train's chocolate supply.
- Slugterra: In "Mario Bravado", Eli and the gang stage a raid on a train transporting prisoners to rescue Pronto.
- Sheriff Callie's Wild West: While on the way to Junctionville with Governor Groundhog for the annual Sheriff's contest, Sheriff Callie takes care of business when three train bandits steal the Golden Star trophy that was destined for a awards ceremony to be awarded for 'The Best Sheriff in the State' in "The Train Bandits".
- One DeviantArt atrist has created a series he calls Life Beside the Tracks. One page features Robin and Little John pulling one of these.
- The plot of the Black trailer of RWBY is Adam and Blake storming a heavily defended train car to steal the entire shipment. It's only later in the series that context is provided for why it happened.
- The first non-war train robbery in the US was committed by the Reno Gang on the evening of October 6, 1866.
- The largest robbery in British history (now the second largest) was the Great Train Robbery of 1963 (not the one from the Crichton novel).
- The MO of the James-Younger gang in the 1860s-1880s.
- Train Jobs still plague modern railways, though modern theives, instead of sticking up the engine, will typically cause some kind of a commotion that requires the train to stop at a grade crossing, then rob the cargo while the crew is distracted.
- Or the thieves will steal from traincars that are parked in yards or on isolated sidings. Since in some cases these places often have minimal security and the trains are already stopped.
- Most media involving the outlaw Jesse James depicts at least one of these, which is at least partly historically accurate. This dates back to dime novels during the time of his life.