"For the Watch." [stab]Here's the situation: you're on a ship. The Captain is supposed to be the commanding officer on the ship, and his word is supposed to be law. But sometimes, members of the crew don't see it that way. Maybe someone gets it in his head to become captain himself, and the current captain needs to go. Maybe the captain is a bit too tyrannical or soft for the crew's liking, or they think the captain has lost his mind and is leading them on a suicidal course, and the crew would rather go back to Tahiti. Whatever the reason, someone gets the bright idea to take up arms against the captain and before you know it, we've got a mutiny on our hands. Militarily speaking, a mutiny is the military form of sedition, a conspiracy to disobey a superior officer whose orders one is legally bound to obey. But in popular fiction, particularly pirate stories, the term is mainly used for the rebellion of members of the crew against the captain or other person in charge of a ship, either at sea or in space. Just like rebellions on land, a mutiny may or may not be justified, though it's worth telling that mutinies are far less likely to be justified than regular rebellions. In many stories (and in real life) the penalty for mutiny is usually death, so many mutineers do not live long if they fail. It's not always illegal. If the commanding officer's actions are illegal, immoral, or are themselves contrary to higher orders, his ranking underling can take action to "relieve him of command," usually using those exact words. Of course, the captain will still think it's mutiny. The junior officer will, of course, be expected to justify his actions before a full inquiry, military tribunal, court martial, or other group of stern old officers in the denouement. When The Captain is the one who is technically disobeying orders from a higher power, it's an Anti-Mutiny. As you might expect, mutinies are a case of Truth in Television, and there are many cases throughout history of mutinies happening not only on board ships, but on land as well. Fictionally, Pirate ships may face mutinies that are treated just as seriously as those on other ships. In Real Life, pirates set up their ships so they could depose a captain as they pleased. When the commanding officer does something illegal with the ship, that's not mutiny, that's barratry.
— Alliser Thorne, Game of Thrones
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Anime & Manga
- Infinite Ryvius is basically a revolving-door mutiny machine.
- Code Geass R2, episode 19 contains one of the most memorable instances of this trope. The Black Knights, rebel organization founded by protagonist Lelouch in the 8th episode, turn their guns on him. Literally.
- In Super Dimension Fortress Macross/Robotech, this is what saves the SDF-1 when the order comes down to attack to destroy it. By that time, so much of the Zentraedi forces are enamored with Human culture that a wave of mutinies erupt throughout the fleet to protest the order. At this disorder, Commander Breetai orders a ceasefire.
- Issue #68 of The Powerpuff Girls has the Micro-Puffs (mischievous dimensional sprite versions of the girls) brainwashing Bubbles and Buttercup into thinking they're the leader of the team. It doesn't work on Blossom, since she's the leader already. She gets some help from (of all people) Mojo Jojo.
Mojo Jojo: If you needed help, why do you not go to your hotshot Professor, hmmm? Why come to me?
Blossom: [coyly] Because, Mojo, I needed not only a brilliant mind but a diabolical one to help me beat the Micro-Puffs!
- In the season 2 finale of The Transformers: More Than Meets the Eye most of the central cast gets kicked off the Lost Light and left to fend for themselves against the Big Bad thanks to a mutiny led by Getaway. The mutiny is sparked by a combination of Megatron being let off the hook and Rodimus's poor leadership.
- In the Empath: The Luckiest Smurf alternate timeline story "Papa Smurf & Mama Smurfette", Empath leads a secret mutiny against Papa Smurf after he marries Smurfette, recruiting Smurfs without anyone's notice. By the time Smurfette gives birth to Papa Smurf's child, the entire adult male Smurf population of the village has turned against Papa Smurf, and Empath signifies the change of authority by replacing Papa Smurf's red hat for a white hat while replacing his own star-spangled hat for Papa Smurf's red hat.
Films — Live-Action
- Mutiny on the Bounty is a fictional recounting of the mutiny that went down aboard the HMS Bounty in 1789. Committed to film in 1934 and 1962, and in 1984 as The Bounty.
- The Caine Mutiny, and the book of the same name by Herman Wouk on which the movie was based, concerns a mutiny aboard a WWII destroyer-minesweeper against a captain accused of cowardice and incompetence.
- Crimson Tide had a mutiny aboard a submarine during rising tensions between the United States and Russia that were set to go nuclear. Tricky, in that none of the participants are sure who the mutineer actually is, as both sides claim legitimate authority within the Articles of War governing the United States Navy.
- Pirates of the Caribbean, a few times, notably The Black Pearl taken from Jack in the backstory. And Jack in On Stranger Tides which would've been successful had Blackbeard not had a mystical sword that controlled the ship.
- Battleship Potemkin. Truth in Television and a cinematic masterpiece.
- Kirk skirts this line over and over again in the new Star Trek reboot.
- HMS Defiant placed in the time of Spithead mutiny, the crew plans it from the beginning, and Dirk Bogarde's super-evil, sadistic first lieutenant gives them pretty good reason to do it.
- In The Son Of Kong, the ship crew stages a mutiny because they don't want to go back to Skull Island. Egged on by the villain of the film, but then they throw him overboard too.
- Retrograde: A group of men are sent 100 years back in time to prevent a meteor carrying a deadly alien virus from colliding into Earth and bring humanity to the brink of extinction. However, during the mission, one of the commandos, Dalton, tries to take over the ship and kill the other crew so that he can change the past and remake the future in his own image.
- Space Mutiny features The Mutiny... IN SPACE! Shaped Like Itself and Exactly What It Says on the Tin.
- Very commonly found in Napoleonic naval fiction. Occurs in the first Richard Bolitho novel, and in Lord Hornblower.
- Treasure Island: Captain Flint's crew, under Long John Silver, rebelled in the backstory. They took over the Hispanola in the main story — although, this one was planned from the beginning, more accurately an infiltration than a mutiny.
- In F.M. Busby's Rissa Kerguelen series, spaceship crews sometimes mutiny in order to get free of their totalitarian government; we see two of these mutinies in the books.
- As Tom Clancy points out in the novel, not The Hunt for Red October. That's barratry.
- The Lost Fleet has the Glory Hound Captain Falco lead a mutiny against the Alliance fleet commander John Geary, whom he thinks is a coward. He takes off with 40 ships to break through the enemy forces. He comes back with thirteen, and having completely lost his wits after his 'plan' (if you can call it such) ends in disaster. It's something of an in-universe Alas, Poor Scrappy moment for Geary, who wasn't terribly fond of Falco even before he pulled this little stunt, and he has him confined to quarters until he can be committed to an asylum. Falco ends up dying anyway when the ship he is on is lost in action, which causes some complications later on.
- In James Swallow's Warhammer 40,000 Horus Heresy novel The Flight of the Eisenstein, the captain of the Eisenstein is told that what he is doing is mutiny. He retorts that mutiny is when the crew revolts against the captain; when a captain disobeys the commander of the fleet, it's barratry. He still, in defiance of orders, flees in order to Bring News Back of Horus's treachery.
- The True Confessions of Charlotte Doyle, by Avi, is a young adult novel about a mutiny on a ship where the protagonist ends up joining the mutineers.
- A mutiny was what contributed to the conditions on the Generation Ship of Robert A. Heinlein's Orphans Of The Sky (originally two short stories, "Universe" and "Common Sense"), during which the ship's piloting crew was killed off, the survivors later forgetting their original purpose.
- In A Song of Ice and Fire, a group of Night's Watch brothers, after surviving a large-scale attack by the undead Others, take shelter in a small keep owned by Craster, a sometimes friend of the Watch. During their stay, Craster mocks the Brothers and feeds them only meager rations, claiming that it is all he can afford to give. Several of the watchmen, half-starved and nearly crazed from the battle and subsequent retreat, accuse him of holding out on them, claiming that he must have ample stores for the coming winter to supply himself and his many wives. Lord Commander Mormont tries to put an end to their belligerence but is cut down by his own men, who proceed to murder Craster, raid his stores, and rape his women. Only Samwell holds back, fleeing the keep before the traitors recover themselves to bring word back to Castle Black about the Lord Commander's death.
- First Mate Cox leads a mutiny on the Sweet Judy in the backstory of Nation. It fails when the captain realizes that If You Kill Him, You Will Be Just Like Him, and the mutineers are set adrift — leaving the Judy undermanned in the tsunami that sets off the plot of the book proper.
- Tarzan of the Apes opens with a mutiny. The crew of the Arrow rise up, kill the brutal officers and steal the ship. Because Lord Greystoke had been kind to the leader of the mutiny during the voyage, he and his pregnant wife are put ashore on a remote stretch of the African coast rather than being killed.
- In Poul Anderson's "Break", although the captain wonders whether passengers can mutiny, he chiefly deals with stopping them by force and then surviving the damage.
- In Sarah A. Hoyt's Darkship Thieves, Athena wakes up to find that her father's crew have mutinied and are coming after her.
- In Lois McMaster Bujold's Vorkosigan Saga novel The Vor Game, Miles comes face to face with one against his commanding officer. To enliven matters, the question of whether the orders should have been defied is ambiguous.
- In Michael Flynn's Spiral Arm novel On the Razor's Edge, this is what finally brought down a maxraj, ordering his troops to engage in a particularly brutal repression.
- In Terminal World, a mutiny is planned against Ricasso, the leader of the Swarm.
- The premise of the fourth book in the series, Mutiny. Kydd initially joins the mutiny at the Nore in good faith, but he later regrets his decision when the situation turns ugly. In later books, it becomes an Old Shame for him.
- This later becomes a threat for Kydd in Treachery (The Privateer's Revenge in the U.S.), when he treats the crew of Teazer badly to due to his grief over the death of his fiancée, Rosalynd.
- In the Jacob's Ladder Trilogy, the Colony Ship Jacob's Ladder was catastrophically damaged in an event called the Breaking. A disagreement over what to do afterwards escalated into the engineers mutinying against the command crew. This led to the permanent division of the ship into the warring kingdoms of Engine and Rule.
- In Stark's War, given the manifest incompetence of the army's officers, it's no surprise that they're worried about dissent in the ranks. This comes to a head during a particularly stupid attack in which repeated waves of troops are sent directly into heavy enemy bombardment. Stark chooses to disable his officer and lead his people to help the wounded, prompting a wider mutiny across the army.
- In the pilot of seaQuest DSV, Commander Ford relieves Captain Stark of duty as she's about to launch a nuclear strike without just cause.
- Nearly happened a couple times during the second season of Star Trek: Voyager, since a good number of the crewmembers were pulled from a crew that actively resisted Federation policies. Tuvok leads a mutiny thanks to brainwashing he received from a fanatical Maquis holdout. Unrelatedly, couple seasons earlier Tuvok had revealed that he had been preparing to counter a full-scale mutiny from day one.
- Star Trek: Enterprise. In "Hatchery" Archer becomes obsessed with protecting a Xindi insectoid hatchery at the expense of their mission to save Earth. The by-the-book MACO's follow the Captain's orders, and the crew who've been together long enough to realize Archer is acting strangely, and now have the self-confidence to do something about it, try to apprehend and find out what is wrong with him.
- Star Trek: The Next Generation:
- Commander Riker took his captain's side in a mutiny (an Anti-Mutiny, specifically) very early in his career; he later decided that had been the wrong call.
- In "Allegiance", Riker and the senior staff mutiny when "Picard" (actually an alien imposter) orders the Enterprise to approach a hazardous pulsar.
- Lampshaded in "Disaster" by Picard when three children he has made "officers" disobey his order to leave him to die.
Picard: You know this is mutiny.
- Star Trek: The Original Series:
- There is an interesting case in the episode "Turnabout Intruder", where Kirk had switched bodies with his jealous, insane ex-lover, who wanted to be captain. The rest of the crew became suspicious of their captain's irrational behavior. However all medical tests showed that Kirk was perfectly fine and even when Scotty suggested that they mutiny, McCoy pointed out the medical report was all that Starfleet would accept and they would be the ones who irrationally mutiny against their captain. Apparently illegally ordered executions don't qualify under Starfleet regs.
- Spock mutinies in the pilot episode "The Menagerie".
- In "The Tholian Web" Ensign Chekov asks if the crew of the Defiant mutinied while examining the ship.
- Battlestar Galactica. With the support of Vice-President Zarek, Lt. Gaeta leads a full-scale armed mutiny against Admiral Adama and President Roslin.
- An episode of JAG, "Cowboys and Cossacks", plays with both this trope, and the Barratry gag from The Hunt for Red October, when Harm and Bud, while guests aboard a Russian sub, conspire with one of the Russian officers to take the ship from the renegade Captain. Harm explains to Bud that what they are doing can not be legally defined as mutiny, given that they are not members of the crew. Technically, it's an act of terrorism.
- Stargate Universe: One is staged by the civilians and scientists in the aptly named "Divided", orchestrated by Rush and Camille, who want power away from the military. Suffice it to say it doesn't go so well. T.J. even points out the stupidity of a bunch of civilians going up against US Air Force Colonel.
Chloe: Don't worry. You won't have to stay in here for much longer.
T.J.: I know , 'cause the colonel's gonna take back the ship. You don't have any idea what you're up against.
Chloe: I think we do.
T.J.: Not a clue. (She sits up and glares at Chloe.) Sorry, but a bunch of civilians up against the colonel's training and experience?
Chloe: It's about listening to reason.
T.J.: (standing up) Not once you took this ship. That made it war, and that's what we do.
- The mini-series Horatio Hornblower features mutiny in its second instalment (episodes "Mutiny" and "Retribution"), which are an adaptation of the book Lieutenant Hornblower, but with notable changes. The lieutenants of HMS Renown have to deal with a Crazy Captain and a Doctor Jerk who hesitates to pronounce him unfit to command. Too bad Captain Sawyer is a Living Legend because that only complicate things further and a subsequent court-martial screws the poor men over.
- The "Skulduggery" table of Full Tilt! Pinball has a pirate mutiny as one of its modes.
- Star Fleet Battles includes the possibility of mutiny aboard heavily damaged Klingon ships. The backstory for the Klingon Empire in SFB states that the empire is composed of ethnic Imperial Klingons (the actual Klingon race proper) and numerous subject races. These subject races serve in significant numbers aboard Klingon warships often composing up to 75% of the crew. However, they are always in strictly support roles (boarding parties, manual labor, ect) and they are never taught how to operate the ships or weapons. Naturally, none are ever officers, let alone, put in command of a vessel. While not slaves, they are not considered politically dependable, which is why Klingon vessels have security stations to heavily monitor subject race crewmembers. If these stations are all destroyed in battle, the player must roll for mutiny. If a mutiny is successful, the ship falls under control of mutineeers and will surrender to the other player. If the mutiny is put down, the player need not roll again, as anyone else who would have tried it is probably already dead. The mainstream Star Trek universe does not have this issue with Klingon vessels as they are manned solely by the Klingon race. Any mutinies that might happen there would be instigated by other Klingons and would be seen as dishonorable.
- In Rogue Trader, a mutiny can result if the ship's Morale rating sinks too low. Around 50% Morale, it will slowly degrade the ship's fighting capability as the loyal crew fight the open mutineers and crewmen stop showing up for duty shifts. If it ever sinks to 0%, the ship is basically lost, and the command staff are well advised to leave before they're caught.
- Suikoden IV: Snowe Vingerhut finds himself on the bad end of one when he cracks under the pressure of leadership. But then, what can you expect when you're only in charge of a crew of much more experienced soldiers thanks to daddy's influence?
- Monkey Island:
- In The Secret of Monkey Island, Guybrush's crew end up turning on him as soon as they set sail for the titular island. It works out in the end, though.
- And in The Curse of Monkey Island, the crew mutinies after they shipwreck on Blood Island, because they wish to return to their occupation as a Barbershop Quartet.
"We be hearing the call of the sirens. She be wanting us to wash her hair."
- Allegiance, a team-based multiplayer Space Sim / Real-Time Strategy hybrid, has The Mutiny as part of its gameplay mechanics. One player on each team fills the role of a commander, taking care of most of the RTS-level elements of the game — building bases, investing in research, and managing the big picture of the battle. At any time, any other member of the team can propose a mutiny, at which point everyone on the team gets a vote — and if the mutiny passes, that player takes over. This doesn't happen too often, but will happen to commanders who make egregious mistakes, especially if they behave arrogantly or harshly towards the rest of their team despite their own obvious flaws. (Competent commanders can usually get away with it, though...)
- In Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, the War Room erupted into this after the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff attempted to call off the Nuclear Strike after he learned from Big Boss that the missile data was fake.
- In Sid Meier's Pirates!, you take command of your first ship (at 18!) as the result of a mutiny. Also, while you're commanding your fleet, if you have too many pirates and too little gold, the crew will become upset after a time and mutiny. Also if you run out of food. Or try to sail for too long without dividing the loot from the expedition. However, the mathematics for happiness work in your favor here: if you have enough gold in the hold to ensure 1000 gold per person minimum (after your cut), the crew will never get upset about the amount of time you spend sailing, and you can keep the expedition alive indefinitely (though the risk of losing it all in a bad engagement is very real, as your crew is likely relatively small).
- Final Fantasy VIII: After a failed attempt to assassinate Edea, the real boss of Balamb Garden, NORG, decided to offer the head of the involved !SEE Ds (your party, that is) to her on a silver plate to save his own arse. Cid doesn't take this well, and decided that he's through with this greedy bastard. A Garden-wide armed conflict ensues between NORG's goons and students loyal to Cid.
- In Rising Angels, the conflicting claims to authority of Commander Rasoona (in charge of the ship) and Major Puccile (lower in rank, but in charge of the mission that the ship is on) can, depending on choices, result in disagreement as to who gets to make a certain crucial decision. If it comes to that, Major Puccile removes Commander Rasoona from her post — which is legal, but not accepted. This results in an unsuccessful attempt to regain control in which Rasoona is killed.
- Gloog briefly attempts this in A Game of Fools.
- Invoked but not executed in TwoKinds.
- Dubious Company:
- After Elly, Walter, and Tiren escape the brig, Walter convinces the crew to do this to Captain Barry.
- Barry tries to repeatedly regain the ship this way too. It only worked if Walter didn't keep a full stock of rum to maintain loyalty.
- Later, Sal manages to settle the issue permanently with fresh recruits.
- In Freefall, Sam tries to organize a mutiny against himself, because he doesn't want to be captain anymore.
- Zebra Girl: Vampires of Sandra's hometown were just biding their time. Once Sandra discovers that there is a conspiracy against her, Bloo decides it is time for Sandra to take a nap, and drugs her.
- In Pay Me, Bug!, Velis Enge organizes a mutiny against Captain Vindh.
- Exo Squad had Captain Marcus lead this against Admiral Winfield in the final story of the first season. Why? Because he thinks Winfield has lost the will to fight the Neosapiens because he's determined that they rebuild the Exofleet first. Even though he knows that the Neosapiens outnumber even a full-strength Exofleet. Neadless to say, his mutiny ends as badly as it possibly could, with Exofleet decimated and Marcus himself shot down. Frankly, it's amazing he managed to drum up any support in the first place, since the one time he took legitimate control (in the first five episodes, when Admiral Winfield was injured by a Space Pirate attack), he got about a third of the Exofleet killed by charging off to fight the Neosapiens (resulting in half the fleet being left behind — and they were outnumbered to begin with) and then freezing up when the Neosapiens proved stronger. To say nothing of the fact he led Exofleet into several Space Pirate ambushes before that.
- The Simpsons:
- Homer unintentionally mutinied against the Naval Captain while part of a Naval Reserve Sub Crew (It makes sense in context). The captain had to clean out a bunch of items (specifically contraband junk food that was implied to have been belonging to Homer.) and promoted Homer to captain in his stead. However, shortly afterwards, the sub Homer was on was about to collide with another submarine (which Moe claimed was an enemy sub). Homer, when wondering what his captain said, decided on saying fire the torpedo. Unfortunately, he forgot that his captain was still in the torpedo tube, and... well... he was fired into the enemy sub, comically making an impression on the enemy sub. Similarly, the enemy sub also considered using their officer to do so (although only because of a poor choice of words on the officer's part), but stopped when he explains he meant fire a real torpedo. Homer then unwittingly commits treason and nearly starts a world war. Par for the course.
- Plus a segment from "The Wettest Stories Ever Told" is based on Mutiny on the Bounty, with the schoolkids are the mutineers and Skinner as Captain Bligh.
- Dastardly and Muttley in Their Flying Machines: "This is mutiny" is delivered straight by Dick Dastardly in the Magnificent Muttley episode "Muttley on the Bounty" with Muttley in the Fletcher Christian role and Dastardly as Captain Bligh. Dastardly says this standing on the gangplank Muttley is sawing off the ship.
- Looney Tunes: In "The Hasty Hare", Bugs Bunny tries to convince Marvin the Martian that his companion K-9 is trying to stage a mutiny.
Marvin: You mean he against me?
Bugs: Soiteny! Don't tell me you haven't noticed that low criminal forehead.
- A Popeye cartoon, appropriately titled "Mutiny Ain't Nice", has Popeye being captain of a sea expedition and his crew attempting a mutiny for allowing stowaway Olive on board.
- This is of course Truth in Television, so expect several references to mutinies here.
- Mutinying was rather infamous during the Vietnam War, including throwing a grenade into an unpopular commanding officer's tent while making it seem as though the enemy threw it inside, to which in some cases the Pentagon even encouraged that behavior in certain circumstances. This type of mutiny even has a name: Fragging.
- An attempt to stop Emperor Hirohito from negotiating peace with the allies occurred from an entire 24 hours on August 15, 1945, earning the title Japan's Longest Day.
- The Spithead Mutiny in 1797 was an interesting one. It was a mutiny by an entire fleet of British ships in time of war. It was so orderly that historians often compare it to a labor strike. This mutiny was notable for the political savvy of the mutineers which involved demanding no more then they could demand without losing sympathy. This included a pay raise, removal of corrupt officers, and a more standardized enforcement of regulation. Notably it did not demand the abolition of flogging; the sailors were prepared to accept much severity, including flogging, if it was predictable severity, but they did not want captains whose punishments were erratic. Another notable part of their proposal was to concede from the beginning the promise to renounce the mutiny and sail into battle if the French were spotted coming out of harbor as demonstration of their non-treasonous motives. These PR gambits made the Spithead Mutiny more successful then many.
- The Russian Revolution of 1917 (the first one, not the second) and subsequent German Revolution of 1918 that deposed the Kaiser began in earnest via naval mutinies.
- The same naval garrison, at Kronstadt, whose mutiny against Kerensky's government helped usher in Red October, later was decimated, when they mutinied again, this time against Lenin's government.
- As mentioned above, famously occurred on the HMS Bounty in 1789. The descendants of some of the mutineers still live on the island they sailed to. Pitcairn Island is one of the most dysfunctional societies on the face of the earth, featuring a system of institutionalized child abuse: the older men have complete sexual access to young girls from puberty to marriage. This was kept an absolute secret from outsiders for well over a century, until some people finally left the island. Fletcher Christian has a lot to answer for.
- William Bligh probably had something conducive to the mutiny about him. 19 years later, when he was the Governor of the New South Wales, he had another mutiny — the famous Rum Rebellion.
- The last mutiny by a Royal Navy ship's company occurred in 1945 on the support ship HMS Edinburgh Castle, as it passed through the Panama Canal. Embarrassingly for the Royal Navy, United States Marine Corps assistance was called for to put down the mutiny. The Edinburgh Castle mutiny is regarded as such a "perfect storm", where all the possible causes of mutiny came togethernote that it is taught at military academies as both warning and management problem.
- Though, if one includes the Royal Indian Navy Mutiny of 1946, that isn't quite the last. It was slightly unusual that, while it started due to poor conditions and inadequate pay, it took on a different tack within a day or two due to the Independence Movement in India. The Other Wiki elaborates it.
- The Storozhevoy Mutiny took place in 1975 when the political officernote aboard the ship used the grievances of the crew to frame a much larger political statement about Leonid Brezhnev's tenure as Premier. The Soviet Baltic fleet intercepted the ship, which was boarded and the mutiny put down. The instigator of the mutiny was tried and put to death.