This is the god of whatever food is the basis for a culture's survival — usually grain, but for a steppe people it might be grass for animals and for a coastal people it might be fish, or whatever is appropriate to a given environment. Because of their inherently lifegiving portfolio, these tend to be among the nicest or friendliest of gods.
Often a Love God as well to associate different types of fertility.
Compare John Barleycorn and Friends, which are Anthropomorphic Personifications of various vices, including food and drink; and Supreme Chef, who fulfills the other, more figurative sense of "food god".
Not to be confused with Foodgōd, the new moniker of Kim Kardashian's friend Jonathan Cheban.
- Dundee's Honey Brown Lager beer foisted the "beer god" concept in their commercials. It's an ugly little stone figurine that purports to know which beer is the best. The beer god lasted only one summer.
- Prior to the events of Spice and Wolf, Holo acted as the harvest goddess for a small town.
- Lucoa from Miss Kobayashi's Dragon Maid is a former goddess of agriculture and wisdom (in keeping with her being a Gender Flip of Quetzalcoatl). Despite no longer being divine, she still feels a subconscious desire to aid farmers, and one chapter of Kanna's Daily Life shows that she does volunteer farmwork in her spare time.
- In The Powder Mage Trilogy, one of the gods has incarnated as a chef, who provides gourmet food in effectively infinite quantities in the army's camp kitchens.
- The Discworld has many:
- The Hogfather, in addition to being a Santa Claus Expy, has elements of a Food God specializing in pork products.
- Epidity, God of Potatoes, lord of a Potato Cult.
- There is a God of Custard, Nog-Humpty
- While the details are obscure, the Grace Bissonomy has divine associations with both oysters, or perhaps bivalve aquatic mollusks in general, and is depicted in iconography as brandishing a bunch of root vegetables that might be parsnips. Or perhaps carrots.
- In A Song of Ice and Fire, the people of the Summer Isles worship a god of "tits and wine". Tyrion is rather impressed.
- Classical Mythology:
- Mars is the Roman god of agriculture as well as of war. Sensible as whatever politicians might think an ordinary legionary's motive is "get those blankety-blanks off my property/take some of theirs".
- Greek Mythology had several gods with different culinary jurisdictions. Demeter was grain, Dionysus was grapes, Athena gets into the act a little with olives, and of course Poseidon was fish.
- The Japanese idiom "There are seven gods in each grain of rice" is equivalent to the old "starving children in Africa" warning about wasting food. It refers to the belief that there are seven rice gods, and wasting even one grain of rice may draw a curse from one of them.
- In Shinto mythology, the goddess Uke Mochi was able to vomit up or spit out food. When her brother Tsukuyomi discovered her method of food production, he was so disgusted that he killed her.
- Inari, arguably the most popular god in Shinto, was originally a god of rice but gained a much broader portfolio over time.
- Idunn was the Norse Goddess of youth and apples.
- In Pi Shashin, a strain of Tengriism found in parts of Mongolia, the deity Pi is often associated with baked goods.
- Dungeons & Dragons
- Forgotten Realms setting
- Chauntea is the main Faerunian goddess of farmers and agriculture.
- Isis/Ishtar is the Mulhorandi pantheon's goddess of agriculture.
- In the Zakharan pantheon Jisan is a goddess of fertility.
- Angharradh is the elven goddess of fertility and planting.
- Hiatea is the giants' goddess of agriculture.
- In the halfling pantheon, the agriculture goddess is Sheela Peryroyl.
- Greyhawk setting.
- Merikka is the Oeridian demigoddess of farming and agriculture.
- Deities and Demigods Cyclopedia
- Shang-Ti was the Chinese deity of (among other things) agriculture.
- In the Native American pantheon the wind god Hotoru could help crop growth.
- Central American mythos. In addition to being the deity of medicine, Itzamna was also involved in the planting of crops. The god Tlaloc had four pitchers, one of which caused crops to grow properly.
- Forgotten Realms setting
- In Pharaoh, both Bast and Osiris fill this role.
- Bast can provide additional food and goods to houses and decrease the rate those goods are consumed. If angered, she will do the opposite, as well as angering the people in general.
- Osiris can increase the potency of the Nile's flooding and increase the size of the harvest. If angered, he will withhold the flood and reduce the harvest sizes.
- From RuneScape we have Brassica Prime, the god of cabbages.
- Minoriko Aki from Touhou is a harvest goddess in Gensokyo, albeit not a very powerful one due to having to share faith with numerous far more powerful deities in the same sphere. She is however considered one of the friendliest deities to humans, and she's invited to the Human Village every year in order to guarantee a good harvest.