A group of bad guys with a bone to pick have rounded up a group of Innocent Bystanders as hostages and deliver a cold ultimatum:
Normally, Captain Heroic would happily comply, be there in three minutes, and beat the crud out of said bad guys. But there's only one problem it just so happens that Captain Heroic is one of the hostages, he's just present in his "civilian" identity.
Now he must find a way to rescue the hostages, bring the bad guys down, and prevent anyone present, good and bad, from putting 2 and 2 together and figuring out that he and his alter ego are the same person. Obviously, he will, but the question is, how?
Note that the hostages being bait to draw Captain Heroic must be part of the villain's plot to qualify as this trope. (Ultimatum optional.) If the villains don't specifically intend to draw out Captain Heroic, or known associates thereof, then he is merely the Right Man in the Wrong Place or they've unwittingly picked the wrong bystander to victimize.
Compare Locking MacGyver in the Store Cupboard. Contrast Safety in Muggles. In some variations, the villain may specifically target the hero's "civilian" identity for kidnapping based on their apparent personal connection to the hero; see Friend of Masked Self. Also contrast I Have Your Wife, where the purpose of the kidnapping is to force the hero to cooperate with the villain.
- The eighth episode of Bubblegum Crisis had Nene's job (AD Police Headquarters) get attacked by a villain trying to draw the Knight Sabers out.
- A curious inversion happens in Moldiver, during the episode with the space shuttle. Machinegal tries to steal the shuttle and takes the crowd hostage, and dares Moldiver to stop him. This is because he thinks Moldiver is in the crowd — specifically looking at an old student of his and a close friend of Hiroshi who looks just like you'd think Moldiver would look without a suit. Except he's not Moldiver, Hiroshi just modeled its physique after him because he wanted to look buff. So the villain, the poor guy's date, and the crowd want him to transform and try to save the day, while he tries to convince everyone he's not the superhero.
- The first season of Sailor Moon saw Mamoru and Zoisite meet to exchange the rainbow crystals. However, Usagi follows Mamoru to the meeting, and, not filled in on all the details, thinks Zoicite is after her and Mamoru is an innocent hostage. She ends up revealing her identity to the both of them.
- A Daredevil villain once tried to stop Foggy Nelson from running for DA... by holding poor, blind, helpless Matt Murdock hostage.
- A variation occurred in "The Make-Believe Superman", a Silver Age Superman story. During an attempted heist at a bank, some goons take a bystander hostage and force Superman to help them. Only the "Superman" they have is a lookalike in a Superman costume on his way to his son's school, and the "hostage" is Clark Kent, who they grabbed before he could change clothes. The real Superman ends up having to use his powers to covertly make his kidnappers believe the fake one is the real deal until he can get him safely away.
- A Silver Age Superman/Batman story in World's Finest Comics #72 twists this around by having a group of crooks taking Lois Lane and Clark Kent hostage while attempting to escape from Batman and Robin. Clark has to do everything in his power to keep himself looking like a hostage while also helping his friends out.
- A story in the Batman and Robin Adventures comic inverts this and then subverts it. Riddler takes all the occupants of a prestige Gotham City club hostage on Christmas Eve, similar to the Moldiver example, because he's apparently put two and two together and realized that Batman has to be pretty wealthy and connected so it's all but guaranteed he and Robin are at the club that night. They aren't. Then it turns out that the hostages are actually one giant distraction for the Riddler to secretly steal a pair of priceless gold statues in the club.
- In another Batman comic, Poison Ivy took over a charity cruise that Bruce Wayne was attending with a pair of gigantic plant monsters. Bruce was only a hostage briefly, however; he got out of the situation immediately by making a "foolish" attack on the monsters and getting swatted overboard, where he was free to change into his Batman outfit.
- Another one with the Trope Namer: Detective Comics had a 2-part story in #829-830 where a terrorist takes control of Wayne Tower. Since Bruce is among the crowd, he can't change to Batman, so he manipulates things from the sidelines while also giving advice to Robin (via concealed radio in his business suit) on how to take the guy down.
- In another occasion, Bruce was kidnapped along Commissioner Gordon and Mayor Armand Krol by a bunch of C-List supervillains. First he goes along with it, but when it becomes apparent Killer Moth isn't going to bother to release them from the deathtrap, he orders the other two to empty their pockets and begin working on a way out.
- This happened in an issue of PK2 wherein Donald Duck, now working as a mall security guard, is taken hostage along with a bunch of others inside of a clothing store by a mind-controlled hobo with a shotgun demanding to talk to Paperinik. Interestingly, Donald uses some makeup to draw a PK mask on his face and grabs a long, blue piece of cloth to wrap around himself as a cape so he can "pretend to be PK so the others can escape". His coworkers even remarks that he only barely resembles PK! He then runs a negotiation with the guy for quite a while... until the hobo notices the price tag on his "cape". Oops.
- An inversion of sorts happens in The Death of Superman: Clark Kent is one of the many missing in Metropolis after Doomsday's rampage and many think he's trapped in the rubble. However, Lois Lane, Lana Lang and the Kents know the truth - Clark Kent died when Superman died. They all resolve to not let the world know the truth. When Supes is revived and returns to full power, he conspires with the Matrix Supergirl so that Supes can find and "rescue" Clark.
- The picture comes from an issue of The Superman Adventures, where the Mad Hatter takes Bruce hostage and demands Batman's cowl in exchange.
- Played with in the first post Secret Wars (2015) issue of Spider-Man. Peter Parker is attending a wedding for two of his employees, and a group of zodiac-themed terrorists attack. Peter is in a very visible spotlight, and cannot change into his webs. Fortunately, he'd been paying Hobie Brown to do appearances as Spidey to confuse villains, and Hobie, who had fighting experience as the Prowler, leaps into action, fighting the bad guys as though he were Spider-Man.
- In one of the Night of the Red Panda comics, Professor Zombie takes a group of socialites hostage to lure out the Red Panda—including the Red Panda's alter ego, August Fenwick.
- In Robin Tim ends up kidnapped along with a bunch of other kids from well off families by a heavily armed group looking to collect ransom money. As Bruce isn't available Tim quickly realizes that he needs to somehow save everyone without giving away his ID and thinks to himself:
Gonna have to play that old superhero standby 'I got away, and Robin just happened to be in the neighborhood and heard me screaming for help '
- Played With in Spectacular Spider-Man #19, where a mastermind-type villain, Lightmaster, has deduced from a previous encounter that Spider-Man must be a student at Empire State University. He has the Enforcers take a bunch of hostages to call out Spider-Man, who easily defeats them. One student, Hector Aayla, himself the super hero the White Tiger, remains behind when the hostages flee in case Spider-Man needs help. So when Hector leaves the diner, alone, and no one saw Spider-Man enter, Lightmaster assumes this trope is in play and in the next issue kidnaps Hector to reveal his identity to the world.
- In one story of the Facing the Future Series, Sam was kidnapped by Walker alongside Paulina, leaving her unable to use her ghost powers until they were separated.
- In the climax of Powers of Invisibility, Adrien and Marinette are caught up in an Akuma attack and turned to stone before they can transform, forcing Juleka to accept the Turtle Miraculous and infiltrate the Louvre to rescue them.
- In Ultimate Sleepwalker: The New Dreams, Lightmaster captures a group of Empire State University students in order to force Sleepwalker to fight him. Rick Sheridan, Sleepwalker's human host, provokes Lightmaster into knocking him and the other students out with light bursts, allowing him to release Sleepwalker while also covering Sleepy's emergence into the physical world.
- In Ultimate Spider-Woman: Change With The Light, Blizzard takes Mary Jane Watson and a group of other bank customers hostage in order to force a criminal rival to come fight him. Mary Jane pretends to be a Hysterical Woman, tricking Blizzard into letting her go to give his message to the police. She does this, but then comes back to confront Blizzard as Spider-Woman.
- Batman Forever - when Two-Face threatens to detonate a bomb at a circus, killing everyone there unless Batman shows up. Two-Face actually points out that he wouldn't be surprised if Batman is in the wealthy and well-to-do audience. It turns out Bruce Wayne is in the audience and willing to reveal himself. He stands up and yells "I'm Batman," but no one can hear him because everyone is screaming in panic. He then tries to push his way down and either stop the bomb or give himself up in his civilian identity.
- In Batman: The Movie, Catwoman lures Bruce Wayne into a trap designed to force Batman to save him. Wayne escapes by telling the snooping villains a "fish story about a radio."
- In all three movies in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man Trilogy Peter Parker is targeted in some manner by a villain who wants to track down Spider-Man (although this trope only really applies in the second film, as the Goblin and Venom were both aware that Peter was Spider-Man when they went after him while Doctor Octopus just used Peter to 'pass on a message').
- Alias: has an odd example in that the employees of SD 6 are being held hostage. Most of SD 6 don't know that they are the bad guys. Dixon, Sydney, Jack and Vaughn work together to free everybody, while Sydney has to hide the fact that she has Vaughn's help (as well as the fact that Vaughn's there in the first place) or risk exposing her double agent status.
- Arrow: A gang leader wants to prove himself by taking down the Green Arrow, so he decides to draw him out by kidnapping mayor Oliver Queen... who is secretly the Green Arrow.
Oliver Queen: Listen, the Green Arrow is not coming... I have it on pretty good authority that he's tied up right now.
* A variant of this happens on Black Lightning. Gambi is being tortured into revealing Black Lightning's true identity, but he won't budge. His captors bring in Jefferson and tell Gambi to reveal Black Lightning's true identity, or else Jefferson gets shot. Luckily, Jefferson uses his powers to cause a power outage so they can escape. Unfortunately, this clues the Government Conspiracy into his secret identity.
- The Equalizer. In "Breakpoint", Robert McCall is held hostage when a terrorist group attacks a wedding reception he's at. McCall is unarmed so must resort to various Improvised Weapons.
- An episode of Lois & Clark had Clark held hostage along with Lois and a wounded Lex Luthor.
- Smallville: played with in the episode "Mortal". Clark Kent and his family are held hostage by three Meteor Freaks, who know Clark has superpowers, and want him to use his superpowers to help them, or they'll kill the Kents. Except what they don't know is that Clark has been Brought Down to Normal. So instead of saving the day while still hiding the fact he has superpowers, he's got to save the day by pretending to have superpowers.
- Wonder Woman: This happened to Diana several times. The first time was in "Anschluss '77", when Fritz Gerlich captured Diana and Steve knew she was captured. She was faced with escaping the death trap, making Gerlich think she had been killed, and reuniting with Steve so he'd know she was alive without revealing her secret identity. She succeeded.
- Batman: Arkham City: In the opening cutscene, Bruce Wayne holds a rally on live TV, protesting Arkham City and wanting it to be shut down. He's almost immediately arrested by TYGER guards and tossed into Arkham himself; after a brief skirmish with the Penguin and his gang, Bruce manages to contact Alfred and have his Batsuit and equipment airdropped in.
- How To Hero discusses this concept in their post about kidnappings. The guide advises heroes who end up in this situation to roll their eyes repeatedly until one of their allies comes to rescue them.
- Happens literally in Li'l Gotham when Greenbeard captures Bruce Wayne and Selina Kyle while they are vacationing on a yacht.
- An Alvin and the Chipmunks episode parodying Batman even had this. The Jokester (Alvin) kidnaps Brice Wayne (Simon) and Nicki Nale (Brittany) and threatens to kill them unless Batmunk brings him the toy he's been trying to steal. Fortunately, loyal butler Happy (Theodore) takes on the role himself for this.
- In Batman: The Brave and the Bold, Batman does it to himself. A Tap on the Head has him thinking he's actually the gangster he's posing as, and he puts the Birds of Prey in a Death Trap, demanding that Batman come and fight him, or else.
- Beware the Batman
- Happens in one episode when Bruce Wayne is kidnapped in order to lure his bodyguard, Tatsu, to the Argus club to give up the Soultaker Sword. This culminates in them attempting to kill Bruce once he's outlived his usefulness. Needless to say, it doesn't work.
- Subverted in the first episode. Pyg and Toad attempt to capture Bruce, but they wind up capturing Alfred instead.
- Happened to Drake Mallard in Darkwing Duck's episode "Adopt-a-Con". He managed to pull it off by moving very quickly from the bank he was held hostage into where he had a spare costume. Then the villain, Tuskerninni, and the law started arguing over whether hostage Drake had to be let go before hero Darkwing surrendered or vice versa...
- Inverted in one episode of G.I. Joe Extreme, where the main villain, Iron Klaw, is the one held hostage. To elaborate, one of his minions decided to attack a party he was holding in his civilian identity of Count van Rani, so throughout the episode he repeatedly had to switch between identities, as to keep being on top. He tried to hide it, but a random reporter accidentally discovered it, and promptly blabbed to the Joe team, setting up for the season finale.
- He-Man and the Masters of the Universe:
- In the 2002 version, Prince Adam is kidnapped by Skeletor to serve as bait for He-Man. (Even worse, Skeletor sends Adam's sword with the ransom note to prove he's not bluffing, meaning Adam can't use it to become He-Man.) Obviously, it's a long wait, until a robotic stand-in for He-Man cobbled together by Man-At-Arms shows up to complete the ruse.
- A similar plot occurred in an episode of the 1983 cartoon, in which Prince Adam was frozen in phlebotinum along with other hostages by someone who wanted He-Man's help to save his daughter from Skeletor. Orko, the comic bundle of rags, was the only one available to float in with a sword and declare in a magically altered voice that he was He-Man and would only help if one hostage was freed as a show of faith. (Amazingly, this worked. The guy had no idea what He-Man looked like, and Orko managed to convince him, mostly because he was able to prove it by defeating the trained beast that the guy had, mostly out of dumb luck.)
- Another 80s episode involved Skeletor successfully capturing Adam after Orko had lost his sword. Skeletor's uncharacteristic competence ended there, as he chose to wait near the imprisoned Adam instead of with him, allowing He-Man's allies to bypass his trap and return the recovered sword.
- In "Revenge is Never Sweet", the evil wizard Kothos captures Prince Adam, Teela, Orko, and Cringer, then puts them on a raft with no paddles and pushes it out to sea, gambling that He-Man would eventually show up to save them. He doesn't even monitor the raft, and when it drifts too far away to see, Adam simply swims away and transforms.
- In one episode of the animated TV series The Mask, the villains take several people at the mall hostage, including Stanley. Stanley is forced to read out the threat on TV. He overemphasizes the fact that they need the help of the Mask, to give his dog the hint that it needs to bring him the mask.
- It's naturally happened a few times on Miraculous Ladybug; depending on the episode either one of the main heroes can be the ones unable to transform.
- In "The Evillustrator", Marinette agrees to go on a date with the titular villain, knowing that it would be the best means of getting close to him and taking his pen (both taking the source of his power and the aura within).
- A villainous example is made in "Simon Says". The villain Simon Says has it out for Gabriel Agreste for humiliating him on live television. He eventually succeeds, using his cards to make him act like a butterfly foreshadowing his reveal as Hawk Moth before nearly having him jump off of the building. Hawk Moth even points out how this is a risky move before agreeing to it.
- Subverted in "Volpina", where Volpina uses her illusion powers to create a fake Adrien to kidnap. This nearly gets Ladybug to give up her earrings before Cat Noir (who is the real Adrien) breaks the illusion.
- In "Gorizilla", Hawk Moth begins to suspect Adrien is Cat Noir, so he transforms Adrien's bodyguard and sets him on the teen, hoping Adrien will transform to save himself. Adrien is able to fake out Gorizilla by having a Loony Fan act as a stand-in so he can sneak away and become Cat Noir. In a rare case, Adrien has no idea how close Hawk Moth came to figuring him out.
- In Spider-Man: The New Animated Series (2003), Peter Parker finds himself among a group of hostages in a TV studio held by ex-KGB terrorists and volunteers to be cameraman so they can put forth their demand. The catch, of course, is that they want Spider-Man in person.
- A variation in Superman: The Animated Series episode "Knight Time", where Bruce goes missing, and Robin calls Superman for help. Supes puts on the cowl and uses his fine muscle control to fake Batman's voice, while fighting crime as a Badass Normal, all the while looking for the real deal. As it turns out, Bruce's kidnapping has nothing to do with him being Batman and everything to do with the resources of Wayne Enterprises. When Supes shows up to rescue Bruce, he's about to be vaporized by Brainiac, who has no idea that Bruce is Batman. During a brief fight, Brainiac blasts "Batman" and incinerates his costume... only for Superman to walk out of the fire unharmed, surprising the robot.
- Transformers, Beast Wars: In "Fallen Comrades", Megatron threatens to shoot two tigers unless the Maximals hand over the stasis pod with the protoform inside. What Megatron didn't realize was that one of the tigers was the protoform he was looking for, namely Tigatron.