Sheena, Queen of the Jungle is a comic book character created by Will Eisner and S.M. "Jerry" Iger (exactly who came up with the original concept is in dispute as both men have claimed credit). Sheena first appeared in a British tabloid comic called Wags in 1937. Her American debut occurred a year later as a reprint published in the first issue of Fiction House's Jumbo Comics. Sheena soon became the featured character in Jumbo Comics and appeared in every one of the book's 167 issues, ending in April of 1957.
Sheena also appeared in her own self-titled book, running from the Spring of 1942 to the Winter of 1952-1953. She was the first female character to headline her own book, beating Wonder Woman into publication by three months.
Sheena was brought to Africa as a young child by her father, an explorer named Cardwell Rivington, who became friends with a tribal witch doctor named Koba. Koba became quite attached to Rivington, who taught him English. When Rivington planned to move on, Koba concocted a magic potion that would make his friend decide to stay. Unfortunately Koba botched the potion and Rivington died.
Koba took the orphaned Sheena under his wing and she grew up to become skilled in the ways of the jungle. Under the tutelage of the witch doctor, she became a strong, courageous and beautiful Jungle Princess. As an adult, Sheena met Bob Reynolds, a hunter/explorer who would become her Love Interest. Along with Bob and her pet ape Chim, Sheena spent the majority of her time battling evil white hunters, slave traders, misguided natives and the occasional rampaging wildlife. She also frequently found herself having to rescue the hapless Bob, who was always blundering into sticky situations.
Reprints of the original Sheena comics were issued by Blackthorne in the 1980s, and AC Comics in the 1990s. London Night Studios published a new Sheena mini-series in 1998, which was generally not well-regarded by fans of the classic comics, as this Sheena was a redhead mercenary named Sheila, with no connection to the previous Sheena mythology.
In 2007, Devil's Due Publishing acquired the rights to Sheena and rebooted the Queen of the Jungle with a series of one-shots and mini-series plotted by Die Hard writer Steven E. de Souza. The new stories moved Sheena from Africa to South America, where she protected the jungles of the Banana Republic of Val Verde from the encroachment of the local government and Caldwell Industries. While playing with the usual Jungle Princess tropes, the series did a fair job of modernizing the character, with Sheena now a Chosen One with a Secret Identity who fought loggers and land-developers instead of slavers and strange cults and her companion Bob now leading a nature preservation group rather than being a Great White Hunter.
Moonstone Books briefly acquired the rights to Sheena in 2014 and published a three-issue mini-series set in the same reality as de Souza's revamp. Sheena also made an appearance in their Phases of the Moon mini-series, teamed with fellow Golden Age Of Comics heroes Captain Action and Domino Lady.
The comic rights to Sheena currently reside with Dynamite Comics, who have held them since 2016. Sheena first appeared in a six-part crossover with Tarzan called Lords Of The Jungle. and a new limited series that was loosely based on the 2007 de Souza revamp.
Tropes introduced in the classic Sheena comics include:
- Action Girl: Sheena was one of the earliest in comic books.
- Darkest Africa
- Distressed Dude: Bob spent a lot of his time rescued by Sheena.
- Does Not Like Shoes: Sheena usually runs around barefoot in the jungle.
- Early Installment Weirdness: Until Jumbo Comics #10, Sheena wore a red dress instead of her trademark leopard skin Fur Bikini.
- Evil Poacher: A frequent enemy.
- Friend to All Living Things
- Fur Bikini: Sheena wears skimpy clothes made of leopard fur (the exact level of skimpiness is Depending on the Artist).
- Great White Hunter: What Bob was supposed to be.
- Jungle Opera
- Jungle Princess: Sheena is one of the Trope Codifiers.
- Mighty Whitey: Sheena
- Most Common Super Power: Sheena
- Ms. Fanservice: Sheena
- Nature Hero: Sheena
- Nubile Savage: Despite living in the jungle, Sheena always looks beautiful and clean.
- Raised by Natives: Sheena
- Those Wacky Nazis: They show up every so often, most recently in the graphic novel Sheena: Dark Rising.
- Witch Doctor: Koba (in the early comic strip) and N'bid Ela, later called Ebid Ela.
Tropes introduced in the London Night Sheena comics include:
- Adaptational Dye Job: In the 1998/1999 mini-series Bound, she's a redhead.
- In Name Only: Sheena in the 1998 Bound series, where she's a redhead named Sheila with no relation to the classic jungle queen.
- Prophetic Name: In the mini-series Bound, her real name was Sheila, which got corrupted by the natives as "Sheena".
Tropes introduced in the Devil's Due/Moonstone & Dynamite Sheena comics include:
- Banana Republic: Val Verde.
- Bedsheet Ladder: In the Devil's Due series, Sheena fakes an escape from a hospital by dropping a bedsheet ladder out of a window and hiding behind the door. While the guards are looking at the ladder and wondering how she got away, she sneaks out the door.
- But Not Too Foreign: Sheena is now of mixed ancestry via her rich American dad and a local woman of Val Verde. Possibly to make her less of a Mighty Whitey.
- Corrupt Corporate Executive: Sheena's grandfather, though it seems he might be doing a FaceHeel Turn after finding his long-lost granddaughter after 20 years, with Sheena playing on the old man's one functioning heart-string..
- Played straight with Laura Jeffries, an executive at Caldwell Industries and the heir apparent to take over the company before Rachel Caldwell was found.
- Defector from Decadence: Sheena's dad, who was so horrified by his father throwing in with the corrupt government of Val Verde that he turned his back on his dad and their company and tried to flee the country with his wife and daughter.
- Fakeout Escape: In the Devil's Due series, Sheena fakes an escape from a hospital by dropping a Bedsheet Ladder out of a window and hiding behind the door. While the guards are looking at the ladder and wondering how she got away, she sneaks out the door.
- Granola Girl: Bob is a male equivalent, being devoted to protecting the rain-forest but utterly hopeless at surviving in the wild without Sheena's help.
- Mega-Corp: Caldwell Industries, with all the negative tropes associated with it. It might be turning around, however, as Sheena is the heir to her grandfather's empire.
- Obfuscating Stupidity: As Rachel Carlwell, Sheena plays the role of the dumb blonde heiress to make people less likely to connect her to the jungle queen disrupting Caldwell Industries' activities.
- Professionals Do It on Desks: In the Devil's Due series, Laura Jeffries and Martin Ransome have sex on the desk of the CEO of Cardwell Industries.
- Recycled In Space: The new series makes Sheena the protector of a South American jungle rather than an African one.
- Secret Identity: The DDP/Moonstone reality has Sheena playing at being flighty heiress Rachel Caldwell, while fighting her grandfather's corrupt company as Sheena in secret.