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Anime and Manga
- Dragon Ball contains a nod to Disney's Cinderella with the ancient mage Bibidi, his son Babidi, and the demon that they created, Buu ("Bibbidi bobbidi boo!").
- Three out of four of the main characters from Burst Angel are named after characters from the book Little Women (Jo, Meg, and Amy, with Sei being the Odd Name Out). In an interview, the creator mentioned that Sei's middle name was Bethany, thus making her still technically fit. In the original Little Women Beth's was the only name not changed from her real life counterpart. So having her the odd name out is IN ITSELF a shout out.
- In Pokémon, there are the most recurring members of Team Rocket, the pairs of Jessie and James, and Cassidy and Butch. named after famous outlaws. For Jessie and James, their original Japanese names are a Shout-Out, too (Miyamoto Musashi and Sakaki Kojirou, respectively). To up the ante, when the four are paired based on gender, there is a theme again note .
- Mahou Sensei Negima! has a surprising bit of Cultural Cross-Reference with Nodoka's four treasure hunter friends in the Magic World Story Arc. All of them are named after characters in James P. Hogan's Inherit the Stars novel. Craig Caldwell is named after Gregg Caldwell, Kristin Danchecker is named after Professor Christian Danchekker, Lynn Gulland is named after Lyn Garland, and Aisha Coryell is named after Koriel.
- Although it doesn't translate into English very clearly, in Naruto, Kakuzu's signature attacks come from the names of different Zeon mobile suits. Just for starters, his ability to turn into a mass of strings is called "Jiongu" (literally "Earth Grudge Fear"), which is how "Zeong" (a mobile suit which also had arms that could extend outward attached by cords) is pronounced in Japanese. The entire Sarutobi clan, as well as Uchiha Sasuke, are named after Sarutobi Sasuke.
- Gundam Wing contains references to The Wizard of Oz: Dorothy Catalonia and her gold-plated vehicles, the organization OZ (whose emblem is a lion), the Specials' emblem looking like the Tin Woodsman's head in profile, and, in episode 34, the OZ commander's callsign is "Scarecrow 5".
- In Mobile Suit Gundam Seed Destiny, Athrun's Mid-Season Upgrade, Infinite Justice, is named after "Operation Infinite Justice", the original name for "Operation Enduring Freedom". Likewise, Kira's Freedom is likely named after "Operation Enduring Freedom".
- Gundam Sentinel names all of its characters after real people from the end of the Shogunate in Japan. For example, protagonist Ryu Roots is named for Ryoma Sakamoto ("moto" being the Japanese word for "root").
- The Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam spinoff Advance of Zeta combines this with Cultural Cross-Reference, as all the experimental mobile suits in it are named for characters from Watership Down.
- In Tantei Opera Milky Holmes, everybody (and everything) is named after something from detective fiction. For starters, the heroines are named Sherlock, Cordelia (as in Gray), Hercule (as in Poirot) and Nero (as in Wolfe).
- Kimba's father from Kimba the White Lion is named Caesar and one of the villains is named Cassius, which reflected his bitter past with Caesar.
- Discussed in episode 10 of I Can't Understand What My Husband is Saying when Hajime and Kaoru are trying to come up with hypothetical baby names. Hajime even points out that just about every name ever has been used in anime, manga, and games so it'd be near impossible to defy this.
- In Cowboy Bebop, the Three Old Men are named Antonio, Carlos, and Jobim are named after Brazilian songwriter and musician Antinio Carlos Jobim, a pioneer of bossa nova.
- In the earlier issues of Marvel Adventures: Avengers, there was something of a naming theme going on in some of the issues. "Finding Zemo", "A Not-So-Beautiful Mind", "Attack of the Fifty Foot Girl"(complete with an obvious Homage on the cover to the poster), "The Avenging Seven", "From Russia With HATE", and probably a few more.
- Buck Godot: Zap Gun for Hire has at least two:
- The Pistol Packin' Polaris Packrat's sentient, and intelligent, and talking guns are named "Smith" and "Wesson"
- On Gallimaufry Station, two of Para's Security Specialists, a cat and a dog, are named "Rowan and Martin"
- The Superjail! fanfic Extended Stay does this with the Warden and the Mistress's twins Matilda and Ethan. A review gave the author suggestions that the twins be named after the star-crossed lovers in Ethan Frome. Obviously, the author took the suggestions for the names but then added in "Elizabeth" and "Victor" for their middle names. Hmm... Considering that the twins eventually become owners of Ultraprison and Superjail, almost like coming-of-age monarchs in a kingdom, could it be that they were also named for famous real-life monarchs as well and English monarchs no less? Possibly combined with Named After Somebody Famous.
- This could possibly be an in-universe example given how close the Warden and the Mistress were to becoming star-crossed lovers themselves.
- "Elizabeth" could either refer to Henry VIII's daughter, the now-deceased mother of the current Queen of England AKA the Queen Mum, or Her Majesty the Queen herself.
- "Victor" is a masculine form of "Victoria", which was the name of the English queen who reigned from 1837 to 1901.
- "Elizabeth" and "Victor" most likely came from another pair of lovers, this time from Frankenstein. These are the first names of the infamous Doctor and his wife. His parents raised them as something like adopted siblings with the intention of two marrying each other as adults.
- Their little brother Edward is probably named after the English king who succeeded Queen Victoria after she died. Either that or he could've been named for King Henry VIII's surviving son.
- The Steven Universe fanfiction series The Gemstone Saga has Steven's grandparents (and Greg's parents) Shep and Stella, named of course after two of the main characters in Interstella5555.
- The Highschool of the Dead fanfic World of the Dead features some of this in the epilogue, as the protagonists have named their chickens Alucard, Integra, Seras, Pip, Walter, and Alexander. Fitting, considering one of the main characters is named after the creator of Hellsing, Kohta Hirano.
- Ultimate Sleepwalker: The New Dreams and its companion series Ultimate Spider-Woman: Change With The Light do this with several characters. The Daily Bugle employs an Objectivist named Steve as its newspaper cartoonist, an art professor named John Kirby teaches at Empire State University, and Mary Jane Watson's maternal grandfather is named Stanley Lieber.
Films — Animated
Films — Live-Action
- The movie Heathers does this with the protagonist, Veronica Sawyer, and her former best friend Betty Finn, a reference to famous best friend pairs Veronica Lodge and Betty Cooper and Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn.
- Rosenberg and Guildenstein from Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle. Named after Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, of course.
- Serenity has a rather roundabout Shout-Out in the name "Miranda." Miranda is the character from Shakespeare's The Tempest who says the line Note that Brave New World by Aldous Huxley comes from. Brave New World, of course, had the mind-control drug that made all people happy, mindless, and compliant.
- In Minority Report the three precognitives are named for Agatha Christie, Dashiell Hammett, and Arthur Conan Doyle.
- In the 2012 film of The Lorax, the main human characters are named Ted (presumably short for Theodore, Dr. Seuss's real name) and Audrey (Dr. Seuss's wife).
- In Back to the Future Part III, Doc Brown's sons are named Jules and Verne.
- The three little robots in Silent Running are called Huey, Loui and Dewy after three cousins from Donald Duck.
- In Man-Thing film adaptation, characters Steve Gerber, Mike Ploog and Val Mayerik are named after comicbook creators who worked on the character's series.
- Golden Winter has main character, Oliver, join a gang whose heist is masterminded by Frankie Fagan.
- The Hobbit:
- The monster hunters in The Scar by China Miéville are named after the characters from The Hunting of the Snark, but in different languages. Their leader is Tinntinnabulum - the Bellman, and their ship is the Castor - Beaver.
- The names of all the ships that make up the pirate city in The Scar have a connection with other works of literature involving ships. There's the Arronax (after the narrator of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea), Wintershaw Market (after the protagonist of William Hope Hodgson's Boats of the Glen Carrig) etc.
- Mission of Honor introduces several characters who are plotting to become the heads of various planetary governments. Most, if not all, are named after movie directors.
- The Collector: Frederick kidnaps a beautiful girl Miranda. He calls himself Ferdinand, but she thinks of him as Caliban. Miranda is the heroine of The Tempest, Frederick being her Love Interest and Caliban is a monstrous creature.
- Charlie Lewis and Alyson Carroll in the Alice's Adventures in Wonderland adaptation Terra Mirum Chronicles.
- As a shout-out to the works of J. R. R. Tolkien, many dwarfish names in Discworld were based on the kinds of dwarf names you find in Middle-earth. Other dwarfs are named for emotions, referencing a certain Disney movie.
Live Action TV
- In Kamen Rider Decade, the Suspiciously Similar Substitute versions of the previous Kamen Rider heroes are references to their original series (see Decade's page for details). The biggest exception is Yuusuke Onodera, the alternate Kuuga, who is named for Kamen Rider creator Shotaro Ishinomori (whose birth name was Shotaro Onodera).
- Kamen Rider Fourze, being the 40th anniversary of the franchise, names the Kamen Rider Club members after the Seven Legendary Riders:
- Kengo Utahoshi is an anagram of "Takeshi Hongou", Kamen Rider #1.
- Shun Daimonji comes from taking Hayato Ichimonji (Kamen Rider #2) and merging the kanji "Ichi" and "To" to create "Dai" ("Shun" is an Alternate Character Reading of "Haya").
- Miu Kazashiro is an anagram of "Shirou Kazami", Kamen Rider V3.
- Yuki Joujima is a play on Jouji Yuki, Riderman.
- JK takes his name from the initials of Keisuke Jin, Kamen Rider X. His real name, Jingu Kaizo, is Keisuke's surname plus "Kaizorg", the type of Cyborg he is.
- Tomoko Nozama's surname is "Amazon" backwards; additionally, the "Tomo" kanji in her name means "friend", a word Amazon was quite fond of.
- Gentaro Kisaragi doesn't quite fit the theme (ironically enough since he's The Hero), though some fans finagle it by pointing out that his name contains the letters that make up "Stronger". This is emphasized by the fact that in Kamen Rider X Kamen Rider Fourze And OOO Movie War Megamax, Gentaro dresses as Stronger as part of the KRC's club presentation.
- Megamax also introduces a Love Interest for Gentaro named Nadeshiko Misaki, who shares her surname with Yuriko Misaki, Electro-Wave Human Tackle (Stronger's partner and love interest).
- As a carryover from the books it's based on, Tristan and Siegfried from All Creatures Great and Small are named such because of the real life James Herriot's love of Richard Wagner operas. That's because those names tend to stick out more in the English countryside than Donald and Brian (their real names).
- The main characters of Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger were all named after detective authors.
- In the new Nickelodeon show Supah Ninjas, there is a character named Katara 
- Supernatural: Dean and Sam Winchester are named after Dean Moriarty and Sal Paradise from On the Road.
- Most of the soldiers holding the title planet in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine's "The Seige of AR-558" were named after the main cast and characters of the 1962 war movie Hell Is for Heroes.
- The side characters in the Big Finish Doctor Who audio drama "Return of the Rocket Men" are named after characters in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly - van Cleef (named after actor Lee Van Cleef who played "the Bad"), Ramirez (named after Tuco Ramirez, "the Ugly" and Bill Carson (named after the Almost Dead Guy who tells Tuco and Blondie about the Confederate gold buried in the grave).
- The different versions of Debian are named after Toy Story characters. There are three concurrent versions: the "stable" version, the "testing" version (which is the next stable version before the bugs get worked out), and the "unstable" version (for the bleeding-edge crowd); the "unstable" version is always called "sid".
- Versions of Wordpress are named after American jazz musicians.
- Versions of the Doku wiki are named after characters from Discworld books.
- Final Fantasy:
- Many games contain Those Two Guys Biggs and Wedge. Just some of their appearances:
- The four elemental fiends in Final Fantasy IV were originally named for demons from Dante's Inferno — Scarmiglione, Cagnazzo, Barbariccia, and Rubicante. Character Name Limits caused their names to get changed in the English translation, to Milon, Kainazzo, Valvalis, and Rubicant, respectively. All four are also corrected in the official GBA re-release.
- For some reason, the fighters on each level of the pagoda of the Five Mighty Gods in Wutai in Final Fantasy VII have names to do with (mainly Russian) drama: Gorky, Staniv (Stanislavsky), Shake (Shakespeare), Chekhov and Godo (Godot, as in Waiting for Godot).
- Final Fantasy VIII takes the Star Wars theme naming a step further: in addition to Biggs and Wedge, there is a later supporting character named Piet (as in "You are in command now, Admiral Piett") and in the original Japanese, the Headmaster of Galbadia Garden is named Dodonna.
- The Koopalings, debuting in Super Mario Bros. 3, are all named after famous musicians. Same with Reznor in Super Mario World, named after Trent Reznor.
- In the English translation of Trauma Center, all the patients have names that are a mix and match of the characters and actors of House, Scrubs, and ER, three popular medical shows.
- In the Onimusha series of games, the names of the major demon antagonists (excepting Onimusha 2 for some reason) are all taken from Shakespeare's Hamlet.
- Vagrant Story has characters named Rosencrantz and Guildenstern as antagonists.
- Devil May Cry
- Wild ARMs 2, like Final Fantasy IV and Devil May Cry above, drew inspiration from The Divine Comedy, as the terrorist organization the party fights through the first arc is named "Cocytus" (the ninth and lowest circle of Hell), with its four main generals named after the concentric zones within: Caina, Antenora, Judecca, and Ptolomea.
- Metal Gear Solid had a Dave, a Hal, a Frank, a Naomi, and a Miller, and there was a submarine called the Discovery - all names from 2001: A Space Odyssey. Dave also pairs up with a Meryl Silverburgh, in reference to Hideo Kojima's earlier Policenauts.
- The inhabitants of the Velvet Room from the Persona series have, of all things, theme naming based on Frankenstein:
- Igor is named for the hunchbacked assistant that became associated with the Frankenstein mythos after Fritz in the first Universal film — the name "Igor" probably originally came from the non-hunch-backed assistant from House of Wax (1953) or a conflation of Fritz with Ygor from the Universal films, and was codified as an element of Frankenstein in Young Frankenstein.
- In the first two games, Nameless is "named" after the monster, and there's also a case to be made for the Demon Artist, though the latter is more of a title than a name. The Odd Name Out is Belladonna — although visually modeled on the Bride from the film Bride of Frankenstein, her name is original.
- The trend is particularly apparent with the Velvet Siblings, with the ladies all being named after characters from the original novel. Elizabeth from Persona 3 is named after Victor's bride, Margaret from Persona 4 is named after the sister of the arctic explorer Robert Walton, and Justine and Caroline from Persona 5 are respectively named after Victor's mother and the Frankenstein family home's servant. Theodore from Persona 3 Portable is more obscure; he's most likely named after — given that he's a male replacement for Elizabeth — Theodore Roszak, who authored Memoirs of Elizabeth Frankenstein, but it's possible he's instead named after Theodor von Holst, who did the illustrations for the 1831 edition of Frankenstein.
- Marie from Persona 4 Golden is most likely named for author Mary Shelley.
- In Persona 5, most of the protagonists' Personas are named after various folk heroes and thieves from literature (Arsene, Goemon, Zorro, etc.).
- The lead twins of MOTHER 3 were named after the lead twins of a book called The Notebook. Both stories are about horrible things happening to little boys.
- Several gangs in River City Ransom (both, NES and GBA versions), most obviously the Home Boys (named after kids in 50's-70's television shows like The Brady Bunch and My Three Sons) in the original.
- The full names of the two player characters in the original Contra (barring spelling variations), Bill Rizer and Lance Bean, are a mix and match of the names of four actors who appeared in Aliens: Bill Paxton, Paul Reiser, Lance Henriksen, and Michael Biehn in that order.
- The Lee brothers from the Double Dragon series, as well as the recurring mooks Williams and Rowper, are named after the three main heroes from Enter the Dragon. The arcade version of Double Dragon II even adds two Abobo-like giant mooks named after Mr. Han's henchmen called Oharra and Bolo (although the manual of Mega Drive port identifies the latter as "Abobo", which ruins the shout-out a bit). There's also a female mook named Linda, who seems to be named after Bruce Lee's widow.
- Two characters in the sci-fi chapter of Live A Live are named Kirk and Darth.
- In Policenauts, Tony Redwood's dead brother is named "Ridley Redwood". They're named after two prominent film directors/real life brothers, Tony and Ridley Scott.
- The Legend of Zelda
- A Witch's Tale. First, all the Princesses and guardians of the kingdoms are named after characters from fairy tales or the like. Then, we get into the powerful and mysterious Queen Alice, and Liddell — the protagonist, who wants to surpass her, and is implied to be more deeply connected to her than that.
- Several suspects in the Nancy Drew game White Wolf Of Icicle Creek have lupine-themed names, including Lou Talbot (for Larry Talbot) and Bill Kessler (for David Kessler).
- Several major suspects and authors of documents in Sherlock Holmes: The Awakening are named after tabletop RPG designers.
- The two main characters of the NES Shoot 'em Up S.C.A.T. are not only obvious ripoffs of Arnold Schwarzenegger and Sigourney Weaver, they are even called "Arnold" and "Sigourney". The European release, Action in New York, gave them new names (Silver Man and Sparks) just in case.
- Umineko: When They Cry has Beatrice, Virgilia, and Clair Vaux of Bernard.
- The names of Nina and Anna Williams from Tekken are both references to La Femme Nikita. Anna in particular is named and modeled after actress Anne Parillaud, who played Nikita in the original 1990 French version. Nina's name on the other hand comes from the alias used by Bridget Fonda's character in Point of No Return, the 1993 American remake of Nikita.
- World of Warcraft,:
- The Ritualists encountered before the Dark Animus in Throne of Thunder (you face a random set of 6 out of 24, and there's an achievement for killing all of them) are named after alien species in the original Doctor Who series.
- In Stormwind's west bank there are three bankers on the left side named after Kristin Scott-Thomas, while the bankers on the right are named after Olivia Newton-John.
- The Mordesh of WildStar have a German/Russian theme to their names, and many of their notable people like Dr. Victor Lazarin are named after famous Horror characters.
- In Dance Central, many of the move names are named after the choreographers and producers of the game (e.g. Marcos Wind, Repka Roll, Barreto Clap).
- In BlazBlue, Amane's attack names are derived from the Super Sentai franchise (for example, Kaizoku Senkou: "Gokai Rasen Renpa" and Juken Dageki: "Gekiren") while Izayoi's are derived from the post-2000 entries in the Gundam franchise (Freedom Justice Judge of Destiny, Slaver Trans-Am),
- Star Wars: Dark Forces ran on the "Jedi" engine. When it was decided to make the Video Game 3D Leap with a sequel, the engine made for it was named the "Sith" engine.
- In Faria, the later towns are named after Game Arts' previous games, though the references are somewhat obscured by being abbreviated in Japanese and then translated into English:
- In Fatal Racing, the A.I. driver teams are mostly named after computers and robots from famous works of science fiction: Ash and Bishop, Bob and Vincent, Eddie and Marvin, Holly and Kryten, Slave and Zen...
- Dragon Slayer II: Xanadu has "Warp-Up" and "Warp-Down" items called the Black Onyx and Fire Crystal, named after a duology of Wizardry-like games originally developed for the PC-88.
- In MOTHER2 (but not the EarthBound localization), one obviously matched set of alternate names for Ness, Paula, Jeff, Poo and Ness's dog is John, Yoko, Paul, George and Ringo. Another set is Mario, Peach, Luigi, Kinopio (=Toad) and Yoshi. Yet another references the Japanese boy band SMAP.
- Ken Griffey Jr Presents Major League Baseball features names that reference other famous people as replacements for actual baseball players. Some make sense like the Yankees and Red Sox players named after landmarks, but others are more surprising. For example, the Brewers are named after Marvel and DC characters, the Royals after presidents, and the Orioles after John Waters references. Yes, a Nintendo game referencing Pink Flamingos.
- Banjo-Tooie has an estranged couple of talking ice cubes named George and Mildred. There's no way to bring them back together, alas—Cruelty Is the Only Option.
- Warcraft III: The orc blademasters in the mission "Blackrock & Roll, too!" are all named after characters from Samurai Shodown: Haomarush for Haohmaru, Genjuros for Genjuro, Khanzo for Hanzo, and Jubei'Thos for Jubei.
- Major characters in Penny and Aggie tend to be introduced with two hangers-on (who, unlike Those Two Guys, tend to move toward the spotlight) with Theme Naming. Specifically, Penny's Sara and Michelle, Rich's Stan and Jack, and Lisa's Fred and Daphne. Also, although introduced separately, an adult couple is named Nick and Charisma.
- In Sabrina Online, everyone in Sabrina's family is named after various media witches, from Sabrina herself and her sister Tabitha, to her mother Endora and father Warren (who only sorta sounds like 'Darrin'). There's also her online friend Carli and her husband Spike, named after the human couple from the original Transformers cartoon.
- In The Mansion of E, most of the forest gnomes are named after magic spells from old Zork Interactive Fiction games.
- Open Blue's players tend to name Avelian NPC's after Halo characters in similar positions. Admirals Hood and Harper, Lieutenant Sobeck and Admiral Standish, and so on. The Espartanos from v1 - v4 were an obvious reference to the Spartans, and the fortress colony of Reach is named for a planet in the Haloverse that serves a similar purpose.
- All of the characters in Ruby Quest are named after animals from Animal Crossing.
- RWBY has a bit of a fairy tale theme going. There are students named Ruby Rose (Little Red Riding Hood), Yang Xiao Long ("Yang" is a Chinese word that translates to "light", referring to Goldilocks), Weiss Schnee (her name is German for "White Snow", referring to Snow White), Blake Belladonna (Bellona, Roman goddess of war or Belle, from Beauty and the Beast), and Jaune Arc (Joan of Arc), among others. Two of the teachers are named Professor Ozpin and Glynda Goodwitch, references to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, and one species of the Creatures of Grimm (The Brothers Grimm) are known as Beowolves (Beowulf).
- Takotsubo's East 13 gang uses code-names from The Wizard of Oz. Normal members are the Quadlings, their leader Cord is the Tin Man, and his best friends are the Scarecrow and Glinda. In the beginning of the play, they recruit a young woman with magical powers who Cord immediately calls Elphaba.
- All of the Tracy children in Thunderbirds are named for the Mercury astronauts. Possibly an in-universe example given that their father used to be an astronaut himself.
- The turtles from Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles are named after famous Italian Renaissance painters and sculptors: Raphael, Donatello, Michelangelo Buonarroti, and Leonardo da Vinci.
- The second Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon featured a fighter called Kluh, from Planet Levram. Later on, his father, Ammag, was introduced, continuing the theme.
- In G.I. Joe, the villainous Dreadnok trio of Torch, Ripper, and Buzzer. Their real names, Thomas Winken, Henry Nod, and Richard Blinken-Smythe, follow two themes; Their first names are Tom, Dick, and Harry, and their last names are Winken, Blinken, and Nod. Monkey Wrench, a later addition to the crew, was named Bill Winkie: "Wee Willie Winkie," in keeping with the nursery rhyme theme of the original three.
- In the Tiny Toon Adventures episode "Grandma's Dead", Elmyra names her pet hamsters after the kids of The Brady Bunch.
- The individual chemical components of bohemic acid are named after characters from La Bohème. They include Marcellomycin, Musettamycin, Rudolphomycin, Mimimycin, Collinemycin and Alcindoromycin.
- Some elements on the Periodic Table:
- The firearms company Alexander Arms has produced two unique assault rifle cartridges: .50 Beowulf and 6.5mm Grendel.
- In the Apollo 10 mission, the command module was called "Charlie Brown" and the lunar module "Snoopy" by the crew.
- Unlike most other celestial bodies—named for gods, spirits, and heroes of ancient myth— The Moons of Uranus are named after figures from the writings of William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope (Titania, Oberon, Ariel, Miranda, Umbriel etc.).
- Certain surface features of Saturn's largest moon Titan, where the mountains and a few other features are named from the mountains of Tolkien's Legendarium, the plains and certain other features are named for the planets of Frank Herbert's Dune universe, and straits (yes, straits—Titan has seas and lakes of hydrocarbons) are named for characters from Isaac Asimov's Foundation novels.
- At Winter Park Resort in Colorado, the trails and runs off of the Olympia Express lift on the backside of the Winter Park area are all named for Alice in Wonderland characters like the White Rabbit, March Hare, Cheshire Cat, Tweedledee and Tweedledum. There is even a double chairlift called Looking Glass in this area.