The Canadian Western, or "Northern" as it is properly called, is The Western IN CANADA!, with a few characteristic differences. There tends to be more snow in Canada and Alaska, the other setting for the Northern, than in the western United States. As such, instead of the deserts and rock formations of the American Southwest, the iconic imagery associated with the Canadian Western is that of snow-covered boreal forests and mountain peaks.
Furthermore, there's the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, always dressed in the famous Red Serge uniform, who always get their man (or so they're supposed to do). If it doesn't have Mounties, it's not a Canadian Western. In a way, the Mountie represents a transition phase in the idea of the frontier lawman: he's often isolated out in the field, but he is part of a larger formal organization with the central headquarters located all the way back in Canada's urban national capital in Ottawa, Ontario, and will occasionally make the trip there on administrative business and vice versa. In reality, while they are a common staple, not every Northern has a Mountie as the central character, with examples being White Fang and the 2016 film Searchers.
There will also nearly always be a Remittance Man.
- Balto is set in Alaska, making it an Alaskan example of a Northern, and centers around the 1925 serum run to Nome. Animals are a common feature in Northerns and dogs and dog sleds were popularized by Jack London with both playing a major role in this one.
- The Academy Award-nominated animated short Wild Life (Une vie sauvage) is about an English Remittance Man who goes out to Alberta to become a rancher in the year 1909. It is subtitled "A Western" and the main character's body is found by a Mountie.
- Death Hunt with Charles Bronson and Lee Marvin is loosely based on the real-life manhunt for Albert Johnson in the Yukon Territory in 1931.
- Ginger Snaps Back: The Beginning, a prequel to the first two Ginger Snaps films, combines the genre with a werewolf movie.
- The Grey Fox, based on the true story of Bill Miner, an American stagecoach robber who staged Canada's first train robbery.
- Gunless (2010), a Deconstructive Parody in which a fugitive American Gunslinger (Paul Gross, Due South's Constable Fraser) arrives in a Canadian town and is bewildered to find that nobody owns a firearm. (Handguns were mostly illegal in western Canada at the time.)
- The Mountie (2011), a lone officer imposes law and order on a Yukon outpost ruled by Latvian gangsters. It Makes Sense in Context.
- The Gary Cooper movie North West Mounted Police.
- The post-apocalyptic Western, Six Reasons Why takes place in a future Canada's desert landscape.
- ''Togo, based on the same event as Balto.
- Two noteworthy stories of the Northern genre are The Call of the Wild and White Fang by Jack London, the former story even being set during one of the five most notable historical events to focus a Northern around: the Klondike Gold Rush. Another common feature of the Northern are animals with these two stories having been the one responsible for popularizing dogs and by extension dog sleds for the genre.
- Many of the crime/horror novels by Michael Slade have elements of the Canadian Western. They feature a Mountie crime-fighting unit (Special X), discuss the history of the Mounties' patrols in the Canadian West and the Yukon, and include many other elements of the Western.
- The Canadian TV series, The Beachcombers, is technically a Western in the sense that it is placed around the real town of Gibsons, British Columbia, Canada's western most province. The regular character, Const. John Constable is a Mountie of a more realistic kind: he wears a standard regular duty uniform, only wears his Red Serge dress uniform on special occasions, and doesn't ride a horse on duty and instead uses a standard police cruiser and patrol yacht on the water.
- The Canadian TV series Bordertown is set in a town that straddles the US/Canadian border somewhere in Saskatchewan. The border goes through the middle of the law enforcement office, with a straitlaced corporal in the Northwest Mounted Police having his desk on the north side, and a rough-and-ready U.S. Marshal having his on the south side.
- Due South is this for part of the pilot, before Fraser ends up in Chicago.
- When Calls the Heart is set in a town in the Canadian northwest (likely Alberta). Mounties, coal miners, outlaws, and schoolmarms drive the show's many plots.
- The Challenge of the Yukon, dealing with the adventures of RCMP Sergeant Preston and his sled dog/ally Yukon King. Also a TV series in the 1950s.
- The musical Rose Marie. There are three film versions, all including considerable changes.