Characters / Touhou Other Official Works

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Ever since the Touhou series was rebooted for Windows-based computers, a number of characters have been introduced solely though side stories in the form of manga, prose fiction, and music CDs with liner notes.

This page is for Touhou characters who debuted in these non-game spinoffs.

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Debuted in Ghostly Field Club

    Maribel Hearn

Maribel Hearn

"Don't you get it yet? Dream and reality are the same thing. I said so all the time, didn't I? To me, talking to you now might be dream or reality, I don't quite know..."

A human from outside the border, she is one of the members of the Sealing Club. She has the power to sense and possibly cross boundaries, and has entered Gensokyo (among other places) in her dreams. Maribel and Renko apparently come from 20 Minutes into the Future, where some foods such as bamboo shoots and strawberries are only available as synthetics. Not only are many edible plants extinct, but it is a world where "children do not smile". Probably has some sort of connection to Yukari Yakumo, though when asked by fans about the relationship at a High School lecture, ZUN merely gave the cryptic response of "There was a man named Lafcadio Hearn." (see Meaningful Name below for more information).

  • Agent Scully: While she's normally more of a Mulder, in Dateless Bar Old Adam Maribel is the one that's the most skeptical of all the supernatural tales being told there, and even wonders why Renko believed her before her powers fully manifested in the first place.
  • As Long as It Sounds Foreign: Reading her name as "Maribel" is a fan interpretation; even ZUN himself has no clue what kind of name would be rendered into katakana as "maeriberii".
  • Astral Projection: Mary can travel to other places in her dreams, though she doesn't have much control over the destination. It's unclear whether she actually teleports, or whether it's astral projection and Your Mind Makes It Real is in effect:
  • Captain Ersatz: That hat looks like Yukari's and they both wear a purple dress in the same fashion. Conveniently, Yukari is known for being a heavy sleeper during the day, a time when Maribel would most likely be awake. Renko believes that Maribel's ability to sense boundaries is somehow evolving into the ability to manipulate boundaries (the same ability as Yukari), while Yukari is often known for recognizing Outside World technology. She detests lycoris flowers (a plant that symbolizes death also known as "higan bana" in Japanese) and Yukari explicitly states that if she ever was in a fight against Eiki Shiki (the judge of death in Gensokyo whose stage was covered with these flowers), Yukari would lose. In Symposium of Post-Mysticism, Yuyuko (Yukari's best friend) is depicted visiting the Outside World invisibly and teasing a confused Maribel. Finally, Maribel mentions wanting to visit the moon and thought of "another way to get there" while looking at its reflection; Yukari mentions that long ago she once travelled to the moon using its reflection, just to look around. Make of that what you will.
  • Cassandra Truth: Between the events of Trojan Green Asteroid and Neo-traditionalism of Japan she's sent to hospital for her injuries. While she's there the doctors diagnose her with delirium.
  • Curtains Match the Window: While the first time was in Magical Astronomy, since Trojan Green Asteroid she has been depicted with blonde hair and yellow eyes.
  • Dream Walker:
    • While hard to definitely say since the series keeps the border between dream and reality intentionally blurry, what is clear is that Maribel has access to Gensokyou in her dreams. And she is not the first, with not only Sumireko doing the same but Wild and Horned Hermit implying that many others have entered Gensokyou this way as well.
    • In Changeability of Strange Dream, she visits the Scarlet Devil Mansion and the Bamboo Forest of the Lost.
    • In Dr. Latency's Freak Report she mentions seeing both Youkai Mountain and its surrounding forest, and the Shining Needle Castle.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: With Renko. Some fanworks interpret their relationship as a lesbian one instead, generally so they can be portrayed as Star-Crossed Lovers.
  • Ill Girl: Zigzagged; after the events of Trojan Green Asteroid she ends up contracting an unknown infection, however it is no worse than the common cold. Despite this however she is still quarantined due to everyone's paranoia of the unknown as well as her sleepwalking being used as an excuse to diagnose her with delirium in order to keep her longer.
  • Leitmotif: "Mary, the Magician" and "Strange Bird of the Moon, Illusion of Mysterious Cat". In addition, fans sometimes associate the Sealing Club with "Kid's Festival ~ Innocent Treasures" (ZUN's personal theme).
  • Meaningful Name: Lafcadio Hearn, a famous horror writer who translated tales of youkai into English, eventually became a Japanese citizen and took the name Koizumi Yakumo. As stated in the summary above, ZUN answered "Lafcadio Hearn" when asked about what the relationship was between Yukari Yakumo and Maribel Hearn. Hearn obviously corresponds to Maribel, while Yakumo could correspond to Yukari after her naturalization in Gensokyo (Of note, canonically "Yukari Yakumo" is a name Yukari chose for herself; her original name has not been given).
    • In addition, it's been suggested that Mary's first name is a corruption of "mulberry", a fruit that turns dark purple when it's ripe. Yukari means "violet".
  • Ofuda: Sometimes depicted using these in fanart, presumably because of Yukari's mastery of Onmyodo.
  • Pen Name: In-Universe, Renko decides to give Maribel the nickname "Dr. Latency" for a book they are writing about her visions and experiences.
  • Schrödinger's Butterfly:
  • Spell My Name with an "S": Her first name is occasionally romanized as "Maryberry" or the like, and her last name is occasionally seen as "Han". Some places also spell Renko's nickname for her as "Merry".
    • More specifically, the katakana for her name is "maeriberii haan". "Han" and "Hearn" are both reasonable transliterations for her last name, though "Hearn" is a bit closer and has the bonus of being an actual western name. "Maribel" is only sort of similar to how her first name is pronounced, but is an actual name. "Maryberry" is much closer, but not an actual name.
  • Supernatural Gold Eyes: Has yellow eyes and powers over barriers.
  • Theme Naming:
    • To support the Lafcadio = Maribel theory, The Wiki Rule even gives this for the first four CDs (Lafcadio —> Maribel):
    • Ghostly Japan —> Ghostly Field Club (ZUN wanted the same feel as the source material);
    • Exotics and Retrospectives —> Retrospective 53 Minutes (egregious number of references to paintings, Mount Fuji, and "the beauty of memory");
    • Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things —> Changeability of Strange Dream (youkai horror stories; "kaidan"/"kwaidan" itself literally means "ghost stories"); finally,
    • The Romance of the Milky Way —> Magical Astronomy (a "mirror maiden" travels to the moon and has some fun; former is the last by Lafcadio, while the latter is the last one for almost six years).
  • Time Travel: A message Maribel left behind on one of her trips to Gensokyo was discovered by the natives... hundreds of years ago. The running theory is that she will eventually become Trapped in the Past.
  • True Sight: Maribel is capable of seeing things others can't as a result of her boundary powers, and can share it with others, most often Renko.
  • The Unpronouncable: To Japanese speakers at least, leading Renko to just call her "Mary". Also extends out of universe somewhat - see As Long as It Sounds Foreign above.
  • What Do You Mean, It's Not Symbolic?: invokedFanon has made many interpretations of the above "Maribel = Yukari" theory. It is also even harder to dismiss the fact that her appearance is practically Yukari but younger.

    Renko Usami

Renko Usami

"Let's wake up! Dreams are things to be made into reality. The world of dreams can be made into reality!"

Maribel's friend, who also lives outside of Gensokyo, and the other member of the Sealing Club. Renko initiates most of their activities. She has the ability to determine her exact position and the current time by looking at the moon and the stars respectively. Some fanworks have her sense coordinates in imaginary numbers whenever she tries to sense her location in Gensokyo.

  • Agent Scully: A notable subversion. Renko is the scientific, logical, objective one of the pair and shoots down some of Maribel's odder notions, but she's also much more enthusiastic about their occult activities, driving their investigations and efforts to find another world.
  • The Anti-Nihilist: She finds the idea of the human smallness comforting instead of distressing.
  • The Chessmaster: As shown in Dateless Bar Old Adam, Renko is a competent schemer. While it's not outright stated, it's clear that she didn't set up the situation in Old Adam just to gain intel of a possible mystery spot to explore. She published the Sealing Club's fanzine to spread the belief in the supernatural to the cynical population, then reinforcing that belief through subconscious suggestion into the drunk patrons' minds while also rooting out any posers by having Maribel reflect the patrons' stories back to them.
  • Floral Theme Naming: Renko means "lotus child". The name of her apparent ancestor Sumireko, introduced in Urban Legend in Limbo, means "violet child", so it also doubles as Family Theme Naming.
  • Fatal Flaw: Curiosity. Despite the fact she knows a lot about the real world and how it functions, she has an overpassionate desire to learn what she does not know or cannot comprehend by theories. For example, while in TORIFUNE, she has no fear of learning about it despite the fact of a threat, and this gets her in trouble. In many fanworks that feature her, this ends up being her undoing and getting her in even more trouble.
  • Genki Girl: Renko provides most of the energy behind the Sealing Club's activities, and can slide into this at her most enthusiastic. When brought to TORIFUNE's low gravity, she started jumping around and pretending to shoot things. When helping Merry transcribe a record of their adventures, she suggested adding a climactic Final Battle.
  • Green-Eyed Monster: Renko is implied to be jealous of Maribel's dream adventures and fully hopes to come along with her. Her jealousy is pretty much confirmed in Neo-Traditionalism of Japan.
    "While Renko felt a bit jealous, she hoped that somehow she too could see what Merry saw."
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: With Maribel. Some fanworks interpret their relationship as a lesbian one instead, generally so they can be portrayed as Star-Crossed Lovers.
  • Iconic Item: Typically seen with a book and always with her hat.
  • Info Dump: Unless she takes it easy, she likes to go nuts on anything she has learned.
  • Leaning on the Fourth Wall: In Trojan Green Asteroid
    "Right now I'm almost like the protagonist of a shooting game!"
  • Legacy Character: Urban Legend in Limbo establishes that Renko is following in the footsteps of Sumireko Usami, the original founder of the Sealing Club.
  • Leitmotif:
    • While she doesn't have an official one, "Kid's Festival ~ Innocent Treasures" (ZUN's personal theme) is associated with her and Maribel in fanworks.
    • "Greenwich in the Sky" would probably be the closest to one, given her ability to tell the time from the stars.note 
  • Ludicrous Precision: Her power is to tell the current time and place down by ludicrous accuracy.
  • Overshadowed by Awesome: Merry's powers have been getting stronger. Renko's? Not so much if at all. If they have changed we don't know about it.
  • Required Secondary Powers: Played with. Renko claims her ability can only tell the time in Japanese Standard, but Maribel points out that she should only need basic math to get other timezones.
  • Schedule Fanatic: She can be late, but she'll always tell Maribel down to the second how late she was.
  • Teen Genius: While her exact age is unknown, she's still a university student who boasted that she's smarter than Planck and from how she seems to have an encyclopedic knowledge of almost anything, the boast is justified. And there's also her ability to determine time and place by looking at the night sky, which is less an inborn ability like Maribel's and more like a skill of the old time sailors when counting the longitude as a method of navigation. She simply does the calculation just from a glimpse.
  • Tragic Bromance: Renko-centric fanworks often revolve around the threat of Maribel disappearing into another world for good, leaving Renko behind.
  • Unusual Ears: As an Incredibly Lame Pun on her family name, Usami, Japanese fanartists sometimes draw her wearing bunny ears (usamimi).

Debuted in Curiosities of Lotus Asia

    Rinnosuke Morichika

Store Owner of Kourindou
Rinnosuke Morichika

"Business or not, a terrible waste is a terrible waste."

The half-youkai, half-human owner of the shop Kourindou, he uses his power to identify strange objects with True Names and figure out their function. Thus, his shop deals with objects from outside of Gensokyo that won't be easily identified, like his own oil-burning heater, a Game Boy (which he mistook for an Artifact of Doom) and various knick-knacks that Marisa gathers from time to time.

  • The Cameo: Is a background character in Hopeless Masquerade.
  • Clueless Chick Magnet: Sometimes treated as this in fanon, as an extension of his status as a Know-Nothing Know-It-All and The One Guy.
  • Collector of the Strange: In addition to selling goods from the outside world, he also likes to collect them and is reluctant to part with his merchandise.
  • Fan Disservice: Fanon only. Rinnosuke is sometimes portrayed as an excessively muscular pervert who wears nothing but fundoshi loincloths. This version of Rinnosuke is usually referred to as "MANnosuke". Just look up the two doujins "Another Dream" issues one and two... bring your own Brain Bleach.
  • First-Person Smartass: In Curiosities Of Lotus Asia he has a rather sarcastic inner monologue.
  • Half-Human Hybrid: Half-human, half-youkai, though it's unknown what type of youkai his youkai parent was, or the genders of either parent.
  • Huge Guy, Tiny Girl: Usually depicted as very tall, and associated with Marisa who is very short. In some pictures where they're shown together, he's taller while sitting down than Marisa is while standing up.
  • Idiot Hair: Has an ahoge, and happens to be a bit of a Know-Nothing Know-It-All.
  • Insane Troll Logic:
    • Rinnosuke's thought processes frequently veer into this. Just take the first chapter, where he finds a set of 15 books on computers and decides this "proves" that computers are shikigami powered by the moon... because the moon is round and 13-14-15 is almost the same as the first few digits of pi.
    • In Chapter 15, he comes up with an insanely complicated explanation for the existence of a dinosaur vertebra fossil which Reimu found, which includes nonsense like bones continuing to grow after an animal dies so they can become vessels for gods, and ties it all in with Japanese wordplay (since the words for sea, rain, and Heaven can all be pronounced "ama"). He also completely refutes Reimu's surprisingly cogent suggestion that Gensokyo may have been underwater long ago since she found seashell fossils along with the vertebra.
  • Intergenerational Friendship:
    • With Marisa. Rinnosuke used to work in her father's shop.
    • He's also developed one with Sumireko Usami, even referring to her as "Usami-kun".
  • In-Series Nickname: As a result of the name of his shop, Marisa calls him Kourin.
  • I Should Write a Book About This: Is currently writing his memoirs, and fantasizes about it becoming Gensokyo's first history textbook (to the point where the introductory passage is "The history of Gensokyo has been born.").
  • Know-Nothing Know-It-All:
  • Leitmotif: "Curious old Shanghai tile" from his appearance in Touhou Unreal Mahjong (a fangame, but his theme was composed by ZUN).
  • Magitek: Despite his poor understanding of Outside World technology and not (apparently) being capable of magic, he was able to create Marisa's Mini-Hakkero by combining both.
  • Meaningful Name: Morichika means "near the forest" (the location of his shop) and Rinnosuke means "helps the long rain" (he has relationships with the Kirisame family, Kirisame meaning "drizzle"). Chapter 26 of Curiosities of Lotus Asia also has him discussing the possible meanings of Yukari Yakumo's name.
  • Mr. Exposition: Or so he seems to fancy himself. He spends an awful lot of time explaining how things in Gensokyo work to Reimu and Marisa or else just narrating about it at length. ZUN, however, has mentioned that most of Rinnosuke's wisdom is his own speculation. invoked
  • Namedar: His ability is to recognize the name of an object and its purpose. This doesn't come with the instruction manual. For example, his ability tells him that an iPod is capable of "storing and playing a lot of music", but it doesn't tell him how to store or play anything, and he doesn't know how to use a computer correctly anyway.note  And because it neglected to tell him that the people it controls and the worlds it can create or destroy are imaginary, he thought that a Game Boy was an Artifact of Doom.
  • The Needless: Due to his mixed parentage, all Rinnosuke needs for sustenance is a cup of sake with some side vegetables, though he prefers full meals.
  • Non-Action Guy: Despite his half-human, half-youkai nature, he doesn't seem to be any tougher than a regular humannote , and he admits that he's unable to do anything rough. Lampshaded by Marisa and Reimu, who wonder how he managed to live so long without knowing how to handle himself. This has resulted in fanon holding that he's a Retired Badass.
  • Older Than They Look: It's suggested that's he's at least more than a century in age, since when he notes the sudden increase of crested ibises in Gensokyo he recalls there being a lot in the Outside World back when he still lived there. (The crested ibis started its decline in Japan around the same time the Great Hakurei Barrier was erected.) This is despite that fact that he looks no older than a young adult at most. Part of the reason he keeps to himself is because his lack of aging tended to unnerve people in the Human Village.
  • The One Guy: Was for a long time the only humanoid male character to actually show up in person, and is still the only one to be anything more than a One-Shot Character.
  • Scary Shiny Glasses: Very shiny ones in HM.
  • Shopkeeper: Of Kourindou.
  • Suspiciously Specific Denial: Rinnosuke insists in Chapter 10 of Curiosities of Lotus Asia that he's visiting Muenzuka to pay his respects to the nameless dead slain by youkai and not to fish rare Outside World items from their corpses, before proceeding to do exactly that.
  • Stoic Spectacles: He wears glasses and tends to remain calm and collected.
  • Stranger in a Familiar Land: According to some of his dialogue he used to live in the outside world, however when he visits the outside again in a dream it appears completely alien to him due to the time that has passed.



"I know the one in red is in there! She's the one that took my books!"

An unfortunate book-reading Youkai who was beaten up by Reimu, who mistakenly assumed she had stolen some books. When she tries to get them back, she gets beaten up by Marisa.

  • The Cameo: Shows up with Lily White in a color panel of Chapter 6 of Forbidden Scrollery.
  • Horned Humanoid: Has two tiny horns on her head.
  • No Name Given: Tokiko has no canonical name. If we were to get technical, she'd be listed here as "unnamed book-reading youkai", but that doesn't roll off the tongue as nicely. "Tokiko" translates to "little crested ibis", and was given to her after fans noted her resemblance to the bird in question.
  • One-Scene Wonder: invokedShe appeared in one scene in one chapter of one series which half the fans don't bother to read, with no name and a small appearance in the background of the cover image. She spent that time getting beaten up twice and complaining about it. She's not incredibly popular, but yes, even Tokiko has a following. More than that, a whole Pool on Danbooru is dedicated to "The Morichika Family", which is a compilation of moments involving Rinnosuke, Tokiko and Keine (on the premise that Tokiko's two-tone hair looks sort of like Keine's, and Rinnosuke and Keine are a somewhat popular fanon pairing; yep, that's the entire basis of it).
  • Winged Humanoid: Similarly to Mystia Lorelei, her wings are reminiscent of a bat's.

Debuted in Eastern and Little Nature Deity

    The Three Fairies of Light 
The Three Fairies of Light

Three fairies who love playing pranks on others and go treasure hunting, and often get punished for their practical jokes. Each fairy possesses a different power and are able to combine their talents. Though, while they are known for their teamwork, it is often haphazard, and they are often unsuccessful at pulling off their pranks. In Eastern and Little Nature Deity and Strange and Bright Nature Deity they lived in the Forest of Magic like Alice and Marisa, but as of Oriental Sacred Place they've moved their home behind the Hakurei Shrine.

Tropes associated with the Three Fairies of Light:

  • The Alcoholic: There's been numerous cases where the trio drank liquor and a decent number of their hijinks go towards getting some to drink. This explains why their plots to cause major incidents never take off.
  • Badass Boast: Parodied when the fairies introduce themselves to Cirno and brag about how their powers make them unbeatable... at hide-and-seek. Cirno is, of course, genuinely impressed.
  • Big Bad Wannabe: Their ambition is to terrorise humankind and prove that fairies, like the other youkai, are not to be taken lightly. The most they manage is to mildly annoy people with their pranks.
  • Blonde, Brunette, Redhead: Luna Child is blonde, Star Sapphire is a brunette, and Sunny Milk is a redhead.
  • The Cameo: Show up in the background of some Wild and Horned Hermit panels.
  • Canon Immigrant: With Fairy Wars, they're the first expanded material characters to be put into a game (not counting Aya, who first appeared in Bohemian Archive in Japanese Red, which came out only a few days before her official appearance in Phantasmagoria of Flower View).
  • Chromatic Arrangement: Sunny is the leader and associated with the colour red, Star is blue and the most intelligent of the three, while Luna is yellow and the most laid-back.
  • Defeat Means Friendship: Subjected to this twice - First in Great Fairy Wars where after being defeated by Cirno they either become subordinates or friends with her (depending on the route). In Oriental Sacred Place, they try to invoke this by challenging Reimu on reasoning that everyone that Reimu fights ends up becoming friends with her. It worked, though Visionary Fairies in Shrine reveals that they have no issue continuing to attempt to prank her though.
  • Fisher King: By putting their home in a dead tree, they brought the tree back to life. This was more significant than it seemed, as the tree was actually part of the Great Hakurei Barrier which had become connected to the Outside World due to the unusual circumstances of its death. Before anyone could take advantage of this, Yukari Yakumo encouraged the fairies to take up residence in the tree so that it would return to being part of Gensokyo.
  • Friendly Rivalry: Are basically friends with Cirno even if they do come to blows at times.
  • Light 'em Up: All three fairies are connected to the light shed by a particular celestial body.
  • Nature Spirit: Ones linked with light to be precise.
  • New Year's Resolution: Every new year they plot to cause a major incident that will get Reimu's attention. Then they get drunk and forget all about it the next day.
  • No Sell: Reisen Udongein Inaba's wave-manipulation abilities make her immune to all three of the fairies' powers.
  • Resurrective Immortality: As embodiments of nature, they can't stay dead.
  • Screwy Squirrel: Mostly spend their days pranking people.
  • Spell My Name with an "S": "Starsaphire" was presumably just a misspelling, "Sunnymilk" isn't much of a difference, but "Lunarchild" is trickier, especially since all three fairies tend to call each other by the first part of their names.
  • Theme Naming: All three are named after heavenly bodies.
  • Winged Humanoid: All three of them have wings that do not appear to be directly attached to their bodies.

Prank-loving Sunlight
Sunny Milk

"I'm the strongest of us three! I'm gonna go all out against you, so get ready!"

Self-proclaimed leader of the Three Fairies of Light. Sunny can manipulate light via refraction. She is at her strongest during the day when the sun is out, but is weakened if the weather is cloudy.

  • Cute Little Fangs: Has very pointy canine teeth.
  • Field Power Effect: Strongest during the day.
  • Genki Girl: The most cheerful and energetic of the three.
  • Girlish Pigtails: Wears her hair in pigtails.
  • Heavy Sleeper: Out of the entire trio, she sleeps the most and the heaviest.
  • Invisibility: She uses her light-refracting powers to conceal herself and the other fairies.
  • Leitmotif: "Sunny Rutile Flection"
  • Meaningful Name: Her powers rely on the presence of her namesake.
  • Mundane Utility: One of the potential uses of her power is to allow her to create an invisible periscope to make her able to see around corners and the like.
  • No Sell: Her manipulation of light also extends to danmaku made of light, which she can refract and deflect with ease. Even when it comes from powerhouses like Yukari, who admitted that she was genuinely impressed... before switching to non-light-based attacks and defeating Sunny effortlessly.
  • The Power of the Sun: She's got a number of spells in Fairy Wars that suggest using sunlight or solar fire, like Sunlight: "Sunshine Blast". She can also absorb sunlight to heal her injuries (creating an inverted rainbow in the process).

Silent Moonlight
Luna Child

"Sorry to say, but the night is my specialty. This is where your advance ends!"

Luna can manipulate sound, dampening it so she can sneak around. She is at her strongest when the moon is out, but is weakened if the weather is cloudy.

Pouring Starlight
Star Sapphire

"The way you act is pitifully easy to sense. You're quite a fool for not noticing you've been lured here."

The smartest member of the Three Fairies of Light. Star can sense any moving animate thing in a wide area, making her sort of a living radar. Unlike Sunny and Luna, she is unaffected by the time of day or the weather.

Debuted in Bohemian Archive in Japanese Red

    Aya Shameimaru 

Debuted in Perfect Memento in Strict Sense

    Hieda no Akyuu

Memory of Gensoukyou
Hieda no Akyuu

"If there are any opinions you'd like to present, please visit the Hieda residence. If you come to help tidy the place up, then even youkai are most welcome."

The ninth Child of Miare, a reincarnation of the historical Hieda no Are who is born with a photographic memory and knowledge of their past lives. Akyuu is the current author of the Gensokyo Chronicle, an anthology of Gensokyo's history (published in Real Life as Touhou's Universe Compendia, Perfect Memento in Strict Sense and Symposium of Post-Mysticism), which has received a new edition with each of her incarnations.

  • Adaptation Dye-Job: She has purple hair in most of her appearances, however in her debut she had black hair.
  • Author Appeal: Likes FM synthesis music - specifically the soundtracks of the PC-98 games, which apparently were produced in Gensokyo and distributed as vinyl records.
  • Ax-Crazy: Thankfully not canon, but for reasons unknown, yukkuri fandom commonly portrays Akyuu as a sadistic murderer who tortures yukkuris for her own amusement.
  • Big Fancy House: Forbidden Scrollery shows that she lives in one of these, complete with The Thing That Goes "Doink!". Akyuu just thinks the whole place is old and outdated.
  • Brutal Honesty: She's nothing if not blunt in her opinions of everyone.
  • The Cameo:
    • Shows up in Chapter 20 of Wild and Horned Hermit in a non-speaking role alongside Kosuzu from Forbidden Scrollery.
    • In Chapter 25 of Wild and Horned Hermit she's seen observing the kappa's astronomy show alongside Keine Kamishirasawa.
  • Captain Obvious: Various statements of her tend to be tautologies or things that are obvious to anyone living in a supposedly-dangerous world (or anyone else for that matter).
  • Cast from Lifespan: How she pays for her incarnation-spanning memory.
  • Curtains Match the Window: Purple hair and eyes.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Evident in her writing style and especially her footnotes. In her earlier appearances she was more of a Little Miss Snarker. (Touhou seems to be averting Not Allowed to Grow Up when it comes to her.)
  • Desperately Looking for a Purpose in Life: Downplayed, but she often wonders what role the Chronicles have to play in a Gensokyo where humans and youkai are becoming more and more friendly with one another.
  • Fantastic Racism:
    • Doesn't particularly like youkai in general, though she has no problem working with them professionally as exemplified by the quote above. To be more exact, like Keine she's a very firm believer that humans and youkai should stay separate, lest Gensokyo's social fabric become permanently altered, and the youkai all die from humans no longer fearing them.
    • On the other hand, the afterword (written by her) remarks that she might want to be friends with youkai in the future.
  • Flower in Her Hair: Has a flower in her hair.
  • Footnote Fever: Has at least three footnotes per area. In some odd cases, there's also footnotes for the footnotes.
  • Goroawase Number: "Kyuu" can mean "nine" (it's written with a different kanji in her name though), referring to her being the ninth reincarnation of Hieda no Are ("re" can similarly mean "zero"). Continuing the theme, the past eight Children of Miare were named Aichi, Ani, Ami, Ayo, Ago, Amu, Anana and Aya.
  • Hime Cut: Not so much as a child, but when she shows up in Forbidden Scrollery in her late teens she has a shoulder-length one.
  • Historical-Domain Character: Sort of, she's implied to be a reincarnation of Hieda no Are, one of the authors of the Kojiki.
  • Ill Girl: Is notably kinda sickly because of her short lifespan.
  • Immortality Seeker: Downplayed example, she is searching for ways to fight her fate and live a little longer but despite that knows that she has maybe less than ten years left to live. She doesn't mind it too much since she will be reborn regardless.
  • Leitmotif: "Child of Are".
  • Meaningful Name: see above for the meaning of the "kyuu" part.
  • The Ojou: Gives off this vibe in Forbidden Scrollery thanks to her clothing, happening to be a wealthy landowner who's part of a large clan, and Big Fancy House.
  • Pen Name: In Chapter 40 of Forbidden Scrollery Akyuu gets into writing dime store novels, but goes under the pseudonym of "Agatha Chris Q" because her high status makes writing such things unbecoming.
  • Photographic Memory: Her ability of "Gumonji" means that she can't forget anything.
  • Pungeon Master: Frequently makes puns in her books.
  • Reincarnation: However, she usually only lives long enough to update her records, so she often only gets less than ten to twenty years per lifetime.
  • Unreliable Narrator:
    • All of her information comes from interviewing the other characters, who may be mistaken about events (such as Rinnosuke assuming that computers are "shikigami") or outright lie to her. She also notes that some asked her to exaggerate their powers. There's also half the profile on Sakuya, where she wonders about what exactly she was before she met Remilia.
    • She continues this trend in Symposium of Post-Mysticism, even though there aren't any interviews involved (that we know of).
    • Akyuu's standards of research are parodied in Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth, where she asks Reisen if it's true that youkai rabbits can only be killed by holy hand grenades.
    • Might go into being a Troll at times — upon getting a request from Marisa (in a ZUN-written comic that came with Perfect Memento in Strict Sense) to write her in a flattering way, she proceeds to do just the opposite.
  • Vague Age: One of the few aversions for human characters. Her current incarnation was specifically said to be 10 years old when she was introduced in Perfect Memento in Strict Sense, and in the same book a Bunbunmaru article from 1994 announces her birth. In Forbidden Scrollery, she's clearly several years older than she was when first introduced, indicating that she's the only Touhou character who visibly ages more or less in real time.
  • Wise Beyond Their Years: Her body may be young, but she has probably hundreds of years of knowledge and experience to draw upon.
  • World Half Full: Her books, in which she classifies youkai according to "threat level" and "human friendship level", are the best sources of evidence that Gensokyo is a dangerous place for humans to live. However, this may all be part of the image that the youkai want her to depict them as, since they asked her to write them in this fashion, as well as the fact that she wants to make the book more entertaining (she admits this in the foreword of Perfect Memento in Strict Sense) or works from second- and third-hand rumors of some of the more elusive youkai.

Debuted in Silent Sinner in Blue



"H-How rude! There's nothing wrong with me! I just hit a little space debris, that's all!"

An apparently ordinary Moon Rabbit who's gotten herself deeply involved in the events of Silent Sinner in Blue. Rei'sen is just a literal pet name given to her by the Watatsuki sisters, in honor of their previous pet Rei'sen (aka Reisen Udongein Inaba). Her original name is unknown.

  • Flash Step: In Chapter 2.
  • Little Bit Beastly: Apart from the ears and tail she looks more or less human.
  • Magical Eye: While it hasn't been confirmed, fanworks often depict her (and other moon rabbits) as possessing weaker versions of the other Reisen's Lunatic Red Eyes.
  • Moon Rabbit: Much like the other Reisen, Seiran, and Ringo.
  • New Meat: Recently recruited into the Lunar Defense Corps.
  • One Steve Limit: This Reisen's name is written phonetically in katakana (レイセン) as common for foreign names, whereas Reisen Udongein Inaba started writing her own name in kanji (鈴仙) after moving to Earth. Since they're "spelled" differently in Japanese, perhaps it might be appropriate to think of her as some homophone like "Rei'sen" or "Raysen".
  • Replacement Goldfish: Literally the replacement for the old Reisen who ran away, though they get along decently well.
  • Telepathic Spacemen: Moon rabbits have a limited form of telepathy allowing them to share rumours and gossip across long distances.
  • Unwitting Pawn: She unknowingly draws the Watatsuki sisters into Yukari's plan when Eirin convinces her to go back to the Moon and warn the Watatsukis that Yukari was about to invade them. Though if Eirin hadn't warned them, then they would have been caught even further off-guard. The only difference is that because they were forewarned, both of Yukari's decoys were needed, whereas if they hadn't been, Yukari herself might have been able to successfully invade instead of ending up as decoy #2 (it's unclear whether Yukari had any way to evade the moon's impurity-detecting trees). Eirin was sending Rei'sen to offer support against a rumored invasion that Eirin herself had spread the rumors for.
  • You Gotta Have Blue Hair: In comparison to her namesake, Rei'sen's hair is more of a purplish-blue.

    Watatsuki no Yorihime

The Moon Princess Possessed by Divine Spirits
Watatsuki no Yorihime

"But, you know, if we're under suspicion I can't just do as I please like you, my sister... I can't live a carefree life like that."

The younger of the Watatsuki sisters, Lunarian princesses and leaders of the Lunar Defense Corps. Yorihime is the more serious of the two. She has the power to channel gods, shared by Reimu, but due to a better work ethic she can use it far more effectively.

  • Absurdly Sharp Blade: Sharp enough to cut Marisa's Master Spark in two!
  • Action Girl: Utterly curbstomps Reimu and company during their fight, though her fight with Reimu herself was closer to a draw.
  • All of the Other Reindeer: It's vaguely implied that the other Lunarians distrust her due to her power. Helping Yorihime solve this problem, by showing Lunarians that other people like Reimu can also summon gods, seems to be one objective of Eirin's plan.
    • It doesn't help that the sisters' mentor betrayed Lunarian society, and they put only token efforts into tracking her down.
  • All Your Powers Combined / Summon Magic: Her fighting style relies on summoning gods into her body, letting her switch between powersets to fit the situation. She's shown the following:
  • Always Someone Better: She is this to Reimu, being what she could become should she train herself.
  • Boring Invincible Hero / Boring Invincible Villain: The main criticism against her. According to ZUN, this was intentional, and the reason why she's only in the manga and not in any of the games
  • Curb-Stomp Battle:
    • While Reimu and Remilia in particular were able to put up a good fight, in the end Yorihime easily defeated the entire Gensokyo party.
    • The Reisens in Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth couldn't even last one panel before getting destroyed during their training.
  • Evil Counterpart: To Reimu, though the "evil" part is debatable. They both have the power to channel the gods, and despite being tasked to defend their race are oddly friendly towards their supposed enemies (earthlings and youkai respectively). Also like Reimu she has reputation issues among her own people.
  • Hero Antagonist: Her motivation is simply to stop Remilia's "moon invasion" party from causing an incident, which Reimu even Lampshades is what she'd normally be doing herself. Even her fights resemble something from the Touhou videogames... but with the regular Touhou cast in the role of bosses and Yorihime in the role of a Player Character spamming bombs.
  • Hopeless Boss Fight: Nothing Reimu and company could do served to really stop her for long, and the only thing stopping Yorihime from killing them all was Marisa's suggestion to use the Spell Card rules in the first place.
  • Instant Expert: Despite having only just heard of the Spell Card rules, Yorihime easily gets the hang of them in no time at all.
  • Katanas Are Just Better: Uses a katana, somewhat anachronistically given the history of the moon.
  • Lady of War: Calm, collected female soldier.
  • Leitmotif: Shares "Watatsuki's Spell Card ~ Lunatic Blue" with her sister.
  • Master of All: Part of the reason for her combat prowess is the extreme versatility of her ability, allowing her to cover her weaknesses while exploiting the enemies, as well as allowing her to have a tool ready for pretty much any situation she might find herself in. Add in the fact that she has trained herself in using to the point of mastery and some good swordsmanship skills on top of it all, it all adds up to make her one of the strongest duelists in the series.
  • New Powers as the Plot Demands: No matter what kind of attack the Gensokyo team throw at her, Yorihime is always able to summon a god from the Shinto pantheon with exactly the right kind of power to counteract it.
  • Not So Invincible After All: In Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth Chapter 26, she gets knocked out by accidentally falling into one of Tewi's Pit Traps.
  • O.C. Stand-in: Izunome, the goddess Yorihime summoned to defeat Reimu, is a character whose name is only mentioned once in the Kojiki, so nobody knows what kind of god she actually is. In this story, conveniently enough, she's the patron goddess of miko.
  • Our Gods Are Different: Based on Tamayori-hime, a dragon/shark/sea crocodile goddess said to be the mother of the first Emperor of Japan.
  • Pet the Dog: During Reimu's captivity she and Toyohime teach her the proper way to summon gods, and she sticks to her word and puts everyone minus Reimu back in Gensokyo rather than slaughtering them all after winning.
  • Proud Scholar Race Girl: Looks down on Earthlings for not being as enlightened as the Lunarians.
  • Royal Inbreeding: As with their mythological inspirations, Yorihime is married to Toyohime's son. Whether she was also his foster mother in this version is unclear.
  • Sibling Yin-Yang: Serious and short-tempered, compared to her laid-back sister.
  • Space Elf: Lunarians look down on Earthlings as uncultured and primitive.
  • Surrounded by Idiots: The "soldiers" she is in charge of are clueless teenage-like bunnygirls who run from the first sign of danger if the Watatsuki sisters are not present.
  • Training from Hell: What she subjects Reisen and Rei'sen to during her visit to Eientei, including a detailed rundown of all their shortcomings.
  • Tsundere: Loudly insisted to Toyohime that she couldn't go to Earth to visit Eirin because she had to stay behind to defend the Moon, but ended up going anyway out of admiration for her former teacher.
  • Unwitting Pawn: Despite her "winning" in combat against Reimu and company, she got completely played by the parallel plans performed by Yukari and Eirin.
  • Wrongly Accused: When Reimu starts improperly summoning lunar gods to Earth, the other Lunarians assume that Yorihime is responsible, and rumors spread that she's conspiring with her former mentor Eirin Yagokoro as part of a coup attempt. Eirin later sends Yorihime a letter telling her that Reimu will be part of the decoy invasion force, and how to use her to clear her name.
  • You Gotta Have Blue Hair: Has lilac colored hair.

    Watatsuki no Toyohime

The Moon Princess Connecting Mountain and Sea
Watatsuki no Toyohime

"It's quite impossible for the creatures here to live without sin. Simply living and dying on earth is sin enough."

The older of the two princesses, Toyohime has a more carefree personality than her sister, though she can get serious too. She has "the power to connect sea and mountains", which allows her to move things between the true Moon, the false Moon and Earth.

  • Big Eater: When it comes to peaches, at least. In Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth she eats a whole bowl so fast that Rei'sen couldn't even see it!
  • Born Lucky: Her good luck is such that Eirin says that she never had to face any trouble in her life.
  • Curtains Match the Window: Blonde hair and yellow eyes.
  • Enlightenment Superpowers: Got her boundary manipulation abilities just through listening to and being able to comprehend one of Eirin's lectures on the nature of spiriting away.
  • Evil Counterpart: Arguable case with Yukari, as Toyohime can also manipulate boundaries, although her ability may be restricted in scope to the Lunar Capital. The "evil" part is also debatable.
  • Fantastic Racism:
    • As she narrates to Yukari, Lunarians look down on the people of Earth for being "impure" and tainted by sin. While true, this doesn't really excuse that many of the deaths and struggles on Earth were by their own hands, from trying to control humanity with Youkai in the past, to starting wars over prized treasure in the present.
    • To put this in context, in Shinto belief impurity is the product and source of all evil and misfortune, and the greatest source of impurity is death. Taking this to its logical conclusion, humans are only mortal because of the earth's impurity slowly poisoning them, and as the moon has never been touched by death it acts as a Heaven-like realm that turns its inhabitants into ageless superbeings. Allowing normal humans in would eventually taint the moon until it lost this property. As she says, the crime is living on Earth and the punishment is living on Earth.
    • On the other hand, Toyohime seems oddly okay with Earthlings on a personal level (at least, Earthlings who aren't Yukari), to the point where she once let a human live on the moon (the Urashima Tarou from the folk tale) for three years in secret, and attempted to bring an Earth rabbit home as a pet.
  • I'm Taking Her Home with Me!: Repeatedly tried to take an Earth rabbit back to the Moon with her when she visited Eientei.
  • Leitmotif: Shares "Watatsuki's Spell Card ~ Lunatic Blue" with her sister.
  • Nice Hat: Wears a white bonnet with a red ribbon.
  • O.O.C. Is Serious Business: The only time she even slightly drops her laidback demeanor, even while threatening an entire area with destruction, is when Yukari implies that the Lunarians used particularly large shimenawa to seal away Lord Daikoku and his son inside the Izumo Grand Shrine and the Moriya Shrine respectively in order to prevent them from taking revenge on the Lunarians for stealing their land. She responds with a very dark expression, meaning that Yukari managed to guess correctly. It also convinces her to leave Yukari on Earth rather than take her back to the Lunar Capital for sentencing.
  • Our Gods Are Different: Based on Toyotama-hime (better known as Otohime), mythical grandmother of the first Emperor of Japan.
  • Paper Fan of Doom: One that can "instantly purify" things at the atomic level! ZUN says the reason it looks like a paper fan is "I didn't explain the weapons to Aki Eda, so the depiction was super sloppy (lol)." invoked
  • Royal Inbreeding: As with their mythological inspirations, Yorihime is married to Toyohime's son.
  • Semantic Superpower: Her main power is described as "the ability to connect sea and mountains." Since Gensokyo counts as a "mountain", and the Moon as the "sea", she can go anywhere she wants between them.
  • Space Elf: Lunarians look down on Earthlings as uncultured and primitive.
  • Supernormal Bindings: Carries around rope woven from "femtofiber" that can bind practically everything, up to and including gods.
  • Teleportation: Thanks to her ability she is able to move wherever she pleases.
  • Trademark Favorite Food: Peaches, which leads to her sometimes being paired with Tenshi. The logic behind this is that peaches are the cliche "heavenly" food in Far Eastern cultures, much like harps are associated with angels in the West.
  • Unwitting Pawn: Also got completely played by the parallel plans performed by Yukari and Eirin.
  • Wrongly Accused: Of conspiring against the moon. While most of the "evidence" is associated with Yorihime, Toyohime is her sister, colleague and a fellow disciple of Eirin, making it highly improbable that Yorihime could be up to something without Toyohime being involved.



A Lunarian goddess and criminal who was imprisoned for drinking the Hourai Elixir, and the true master of the moon rabbits. She is also a source of hatred for Junko and Hecatia for the actions of her husband Houyi, who while shooting down nine suns managed to kill Junko's son indirectly and shot down Hecatia's cousin Apollo.

  • Baleful Polymorph: According to ZUN in an interview, the Lunarians turned her into a toad upon imprisoning her.
  • Chekhov's Gunman: In Touhou Bougetsushou, it's mentioned in passing that she is imprisoned in the Lunar Capital. Cue Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom and Chang'e suddenly gets a much more important role.
  • The Ghost: While an important background figure in the stories regarding the Lunarians and the inhabitants of Eientei, apart from her sole onscreen appearance in Silent Sinner in Blue that has her fully veiled behind a curtain, she's normally only spoken of.
  • Immortality: Like Eirin, Kaguya, and Mokou she drank the immortality-inducing Hourai Elixir, though unlike them the Lunarians managed to have her imprisoned for it.
  • Our Gods Are Different: Is based on the Chinese lunar goddess Chang'e, who drank the elixir of life and went into exile on the Moon and was married to the archer Houyi, who shot down nine suns. However, in Touhou one of those suns happened to be Apollo, and Junko's son was killed by a fallen sun, leading to Hecatia and Junko's resentment towards her.
  • Spell My Name with an "S": In the original text, her name is explicitly pronounced with the Japanese reading "Jouga" rather than the Chinese reading "Chang'e". This is usually ignored by English translations since the name "Jouga" is more obscure than "Chang'e" outside Japan, not less.

Debuted in Wild and Horned Hermit

    Kasen Ibaraki

The One-Armed, Horned Hermit
Ibaraka-Sen/Ka-Sen (real name Kasen Ibaraki)

"The only people who live on the surface are good men, saints... and True Villains."

A somewhat mysterious hermit with an association with the Hakurei Shrine and some past connections to Former Hell, as well as to Suika and Yuugi. Her right arm is covered entirely in bandages and has a number of magical properties, such as appearing to be made of smoke and being able to destroy evil spirits. She can also talk to animals and keeps a menagerie of rare and legendary animals at her home on Youkai Mountain. It is very heavily implied that she is actually an oni who's only pretending to be a hermit.

  • The Alcoholic:
    • Despite whatever stereotypes one might have about Hermit Gurus, she loves her sake, and is often bragging about its strength ("enough to drink even an oni under the table"). In chapter 16, she surprises Marisa by using a 2 liter drinking cup, and tells Sanae that she can't stop drinking, although she has her reasons...
    • Like Suika and Yuugi, she owns an alcohol-related magic item named after her. In her case, it's the Ibaraki Box of a Hundred Medicines, which turns any sake poured into it into an elixir that cures any illness and heals any wound. At the cost of turning the drinker into an oni, either mentally or physically depending on what it heals. Was anyone still doubting that she's an oni?
  • Ambiguously Human: Allows people to assume that she's human, or at least formerly human, but often reveals hints that she's actually an oni. It becomes something of a running gag in later chapters, and at least one other character (Mamizou) simply assumes she's an oni and makes snarky comments to that effect.
  • Artificial Limbs: While she claims that her bandaged right arm is just scarred, when Reimu squeezes it there's nothing but black smoke underneath. When she cosplays as Reimu in chapter 23, it's clearly visible that it goes all the way up to the shoulder. She seems to be looking for her real arm so she can reattach it.
  • Assist Character: Her specials in Urban Legend in Limbo consist of summoning her pets to attack enemies, including Kanda (eagle), Houso (tiger) and Mukou (raijuu).
  • Bad Liar: Tends to become visibly nervous or agitated when she's hiding the truth, though most of the time the other characters either don't notice or assume she's offended.
  • Bandage Babe: Her right arm isn't merely covered with bandages, her right arm is, for all intents and purposes, smoke covered in bandages.
  • The Beastmaster: Her stated power is the ability to guide animals. This includes speaking to birds, obscure zoological knowledge (including poison remedies, and how to alter or reverse the transformation of animals into youkai), and keeping things like baby dragons, giant rocs and guard tigers as pets.
  • Bishie Sparkle: Not her, but she's certainly affected by others', particularly Miko and Reimu.
  • Blank White Eyes: She get's these when she finds out that Reimu is setting up a Setsubun festival.
  • Blow You Away: Her attacks in Urban Legend in Limbo that don't focus on her arm are mostly wind-based magic.
  • Blue and Orange Morality or White and Gray Morality:
    • Despite almost certainly being a disguised youkai herself, she generally takes the side of humans. In fact, she protests more for humans and animals than she does for youkai throughout Wild and Horned Hermit. Both tropes are hinted by Yukari in Chapter 14.
    • In Chapter 3, Kasen appears to taunt an evil spirit from Hell about how she is more evil than it is.
    • In Chapter 12, Kasen and the others show up at the Kappa Hideout to investigate a huge pillar of water that suddenly started crashing down on it with enough force to instantly disintegrate solid rock. Kasen is quick to declare that it's the work of a powerful Kishin that is targeting a different hermit, so it is out of the Kappa's control, but it isn't going to harm anyone but the intended target (even though it is also preventing the Kappa from entering their home). Reimu agrees, Marisa follows, and they all leave. Nitori and the other Kappa can then be seen gaping at them, shouting, "It doesn't matter what happens to us!?"
  • Buxom Is Better: A lot of fanartists have been drawing her this way. Justified as she is shown to be every bit as endowed as the famously-busty Komachi in her origin manga. Even Moe Harukawa, official artist of Forbidden Scrollery and Urban Legend in Limbo, draws her this way, even though she doesn't draw Byakuren this way, despite Byakuren's in-game sprite telling a very different story.
  • Canon Immigrant: She's a playable character in Urban Legend in Limbo. At one point ZUN had considered making her the Extra Stage boss of Ten Desires, but that position went to Mamizou instead.
  • Chained by Fashion: Has a manacle on her left wrist with a small chain attached, leading to speculation that she's a secret oni, because the other oni in the series both also have manacles on their arms. Obviously, she's missing the manacle on her right arm because she's missing her right arm.
  • Compassionate Critic: Like Eiki, Kasen criticizes others out of a desire to see them improve. Unfortunately, this means that she's often thought of as overly preachy if not outright Holier Than Thou.
  • The Corruption: Chapter 16 introduces us to Kasen's Ibaraki Medicine Box. Any sake drunk from it will grant you Super Strength and cure your ailments, but it will also change your personality into that of an oni's. In addition, if you drink it while injured and it heals you, you will literally become an oni.
  • Cosplay: In Chapter 23, Reimu starts neglecting the shrine after becoming a successful fortune-teller in the human village. Kasen takes it upon herself to take care of the shrine in her absence, and in taking the job, dresses herself up in a Reimu costume.
  • Cover Identity Anomaly: Constantly, enough that the plot of half her manga chapters is seeing how she bluffs her way out of it. Though she is known for attempting to guide others as a Taoist Hermit, and her cover is currently intact, Reimu constantly retorts her lectures by citing religious doctrine that Kasen should definitely know, as she is supposed to be a holy woman with a higher rank in her own religion than Reimu does in Shinto, to which Kasen often has no answer except stammer nervously and make an excuse to leave. It is quickly made quite clear that Kasen took on her secret identity with no idea what a Taoist Hermit is even supposed to be. She even admits to Komachi that she didn't realize a Taoist Hermit had ANYTHING to do with religion at all! She figured it could explain her longevity, and stopped there.
    • This makes for a very awkward situation when she arrives at Miko's Mausoleum to ask her what a Taoist Hermit is supposed to do, and Miko and her followers greet her as a revered mentor, with Miko and dozens of her followers bowing to Kasen in awestruck reverence. Miko then asks her for guidance.
  • Curtains Match the Window: Pink hair and pink eyes.
  • Dark Secret: Heavily implied to be a youkai (most likely an oni, and one of the four Devas alongside Suika and Yuugi at that) masquerading as a human.
  • Deader Than Dead: Her smokey right arm doesn't just kill spirits, it removes them from the cycle of reincarnation entirely, which is referred to as Nirvana-esque Enlightenment. Komachi is not happy about this because those evil souls don't deserve the short-cut off the Reincarnation Cycle. Specifically, she says that evil souls need to suffer in hell before they can reincarnate and eventually exit the cycle naturally.
  • Defeat Means Friendship: Notably averted. She is the only character who's friends with Reimu before fighting her. Her status as a hermit seems to have given Reimu an unusual amount of trust in her.
  • Detachment Combat:
    • She can detach her bandaged Artificial Arm and use it to grab things when it's separated. In addition, it's implied that her original arm is still alive somewhere and can move around on its own.
    • In Urban Legend in Limbo, her gameplay focuses heavily on the use of her bandaged arm, with it often being detached from her as a result.
  • Energy Ball: In Urban Legend in Limbo she can fire energy blasts from her palms, kung-fu-style.
  • Enlightenment Superpowers: A more accurate description of what's meant by "hermit" in this setting.
  • Flower Motifs: Strongly associated with roses, as evidenced by her clothing and the meaning of her name.
  • Handicapped Badass: It's all but outright stated that she lost her arm. And being a hermit, she has to fight shinigami on a regular basis.
  • Hair Decorations: She wears two cloth covers that would normally be worn on top of Odango Hair, despite not actually having said hairstyle herself. It's widely speculated that they're actually meant to cover where her horns would be, if she really is an oni.
  • Hand Blast: One of her attacks in Urban Legend in Limbo.
  • Hermit Guru:
    • She's classified as a hermit, which means that she's supernaturally strong, long-lived and youthful, but is also often secluded and must do things like recite proper sutras each day and perform acts of piety, or instantly lose her abilities and her immortality.
    • In practice, this involves Komachi the shinigami repeatedly popping in to tell her what she has to do. Although you might expect Komachi to hold a grudge against her for the improperly destroyed spirits and choose not to tell her, that hasn't happened and they maintain a mostly-friendly relationship, snarking aside.
    • In Chapter 16, Suika claims that she's not actually a hermit and is only pretending to be one, and Komachi does the same in Kasen's presence in chapter 18. Kasen doesn't deny it. In Chapter 20, Suika tells Kasen directly that nobody has found out her true identity yet, and then tries to pin Kasen for using the festival as a way to weaken the Hakurei Border. However, when Kasen finds out the festival could start a fire and destroy the Hakurei Shrine, she puts a stop to it and saves the shrine.
  • His Name Really Is "Barkeep": Her pseudonym is very close to her real name, and both can be shortened to "Kasen" (though spelled with different characters).
  • Holy Burns Evil: When she tried to grab one of the Hakurei Yin-Yang Orbs with her bandaged arm, it outright exploded into tatters and black mist.
  • Invocation: "In the name of the sage XXXX, I command: Release the ban of 130 years!" Her line from Urban Legend in Limbo as she activates the Occult Balls to bust a hole in the great barrier. The XXXX appears to refer to an as-of-yet unnamed sage, while the ban of 130 years of course refers to the creation of the great barrier. Chapter 35 of Wild and Horned Hermit implies that the sage is herself.
  • Kansas City Shuffle: When Kasen and Mamizou get into a drinking contest in Chapter 32 of Wild and Horned Hermit, the latter believes that Kasen likely plans on poisoning her (which she's planned for), but ends up getting lulled into a false sense of security when Kasen acts unaware, causing her to believe that Kasen was merely planning to drink her under the table. In fact, Kasen's real plan was to get Mamizou to drink from the Douju's Jar so that its oil would leave her and the other tanuki unable to move for a couple days from drunkeness, which she gloats about when she finally tracks them down.
  • Leitmotif: "Battlefield of the Flower Threshold"
  • Light 'em Up: Kasen has shown the ability to create balls of light that last for long periods of time.
  • Meaningful Name: Apparently drawn from Ibaraki-douji, an oni who was either the lieutenant or wife of Shuten-douji (on whom Suika is based).
  • Meaningful Rename: Her real name (in Eastern order) is Ibaraki Kasennote , but nowadays she goes by "Ibarakasen". Given that she's a hermit who dresses in a rose theme, Ibarakasen ("Wild Roseflower Hermit") arguably straddles the line between Meaningful Name and Red Baron.
  • My Species Doth Protest Too Much:
    • She dislikes the status quo of "youkai attack humans and cause fear, humans exterminate youkai" (even if it's mostly non-lethal nowadays) and believes that youkai should be able to deny their original purpose and choose their own. This may sound good, but Eiki Shiki's concerns about the characters' sins in Phantasmagoria of Flower View seemed to be mostly about the minor ways in which they had drifted from their purposes...
    • If she's an oni then Kasen's case is even stronger, given how much oni prize honesty.
  • Leaning on the Fourth Wall: In her first appearance she recites Miyako no Yoshika's work, as her base character, Ibaraki-douji, was deeply impressed by said author's work. Yes, this is the same person who is the base for Yoshika Miyako in Ten Desires.
  • Oni: It's heavily implied that this is what she really is, rather than a hermit like she claims. Her alcoholic tendencies and her bun covers covering up where her horns might be hint at this, as well as how she seems to be strongly based on Ibaraki-douji, a prominent oni in Japanese legend.
  • Our Cryptids Are More Mysterious: Her Beastmaster abilities lead her to deal heavily with rare animals and cryptids, which are distinguished from animal-based Youkai.
  • Pay Evil unto Evil: Prefers to destroy vengeful spirits rather than wait for them to repent. Possibly a case of Eviler Than Thou as well.
  • Pinocchio Syndrome: Later chapters strongly hint that Kasen is not really a human or a hermit, yet she continues her hermit training, confesses to Miko in Chapter 18 that she wants to get closer to humans and animalsnote , and resolves incidents that Reimu and Marisa can't or refuse to solve. May also be The Atoner/Retired Monster if she is based on Ibaraki-doji, a dangerous oni that had its arm sliced off and went into hiding.
  • Pocket Dimension: Her home can only be reached by following a highly-specific path, and has its own climate. She can even change the path if someone discovers it. Word of God says this is the same technique the Lunarians use to hide the Lunar Capital.
  • Psycho Serum: The sake drunk from her Box of a Hundred Medicines (temporarily), depending on what it heals. Hilarity Ensues when it gets passed around in a flower-viewing party and pretty much everyone drinks from it for the Super Strength it imparts, from Shrinking Violet Youmu to Ax-Crazy Yuuka.
  • Public Domain Character: It's very strongly implied that she's based on Ibaraki-douji, a famous oni who disguised themselves as a human as part of an attempt to reclaim their severed arm.
  • The Reveal: Chapter 35 of Wild and Horned Hermit heavily implies if not outright states that she was one of the Sages who helped erect the Great Hakurei Barrier in the first place, but appears to have drifted from Yukari's ideology over the 131 years since, claiming that she now follows the "Laws of Heaven".
  • Rocket Punch: Shown to be able to do this in one of the omake comics in the collected volumes. Used as her Occult attack in Urban Legend in Limbo, using the Monkey's Paw.
  • Secret Path: The path to her home is non-Euclidean - it cannot be reached without following a very specific route, which may include going back the way you came or deliberately walking in circles. Changing the path is considered equivalent to changing your password, and should be done regularly. Notably, Komachi never has any trouble finding her way through.
  • Shout-Out: Her occult theme in Urban Legend in Limbo is the Monkey's Paw, which is of course a reference to the famous short story.
  • Something About a Rose: Has a very prominent rose motif.
  • Supernaturally Delicious and Nutritious: Hermits are the favorite food of youkai. Eating one can cause a youkai to ascend to a completely new level of power. And if an ordinary animal were to eat her, they'd become a youkai on the spot. Of course, that's not exactly easy to do, since she's extremely powerful due to being a Hermit.
  • Sweet Tooth:
  • Theme Naming: Her pets are all named after famous Taoist figures.
  • The Unfought: One of the few beings who hang around the Hakurei Shrine and consider themselves friends to Reimu without getting in a fight with her first. However, Reimu finally gets to fight her in Urban Legend in Limbo.
  • Weaksauce Weakness:
    • Beans, though Kasen mentions that it's mostly a psychological effect. When she mentions to Komachi how Reimu roped her in to participate in the Setsubun festivalnote  by throwing these around, Komachi laughed at the irony.
    • Chapter 32 reveals another, holly branches stuck in sardine heads, another method of driving oni away.
  • Weather Manipulation: Not directly, but she has a pet dragon that can cause thunderstorms at will.
  • Willfully Weak: Her dialogue in Urban Legend in Limbo makes it clear that she is holding back while fighting, apparently because she thinks using her full power presents several risks.
  • Wound That Will Not Heal:
    • According to Kasen, the miracle oni healing sake doesn't heal her arm; however, if she were to stop drinking it, her arm would "completely rot away."
    • Which takes on a somewhat different meaning when you realize that her arm isn't even attached to her anymore. She's got a perfectly preserved arm sitting around somewhere.
  • You Gotta Have Blue Hair: She has pink hair to go with the general rose motif. A possible case of Ascended Fanon — fanartists started drawing her with pink hair after the first chapter was released, and she wasn't confirmed to have pink hair until the second chapter was published with color pages.

    Kappa Mob

A group of unnamed Kappa who show up frequently in Wild and Horned Hermit. Most of them seem rather shy around humans, and will leave the talking to Nitori if she's around.

Tropes associated with these kappa:

Glasses Kappa

A nervous kappa with glasses and a ponytail.

Tropes associated with Glasses Kappa:

Dark-Haired Kappa

A cheerful kappa with short black(ish) hair. Probably the most popular of the group in fanart.

Tropes associated with Dark-Haired Kappa:

  • Chekhov's Gunman: Possible example. A kappa who looks like her appears in Unshou's Flash Back in chapter 11, implying that she may have possessed Kasen's missing arm at some point.
  • Hime Cut: The short version.
  • Ninja: During the yamawaro war games she hides in a tree and throws shuriken.

X Hairclip Kappa

A kappa with spiky hair held back with an X-shaped hairclip. Seems more serious and level-headed than the others.

Tropes associated with X Hairclip Kappa:

Merchant Kappa

An unusually talkative kappa with messy hair and freckles, who likes dealing with money. Referred to as "merchant kappa" in the artist's notes.

Tropes associated with Merchant Kappa:

  • Bow Ties Are Cool: Wears a bow tie in many of her appearances, and is one of the kappa most willing to strike up a conversation with humans.
  • Greed: Quick to leap on any opportunity to make a profit, even moreso than Nitori. In chapter 18, set during the events of Hopeless Masquerade, she was taking bets on the playable characters' duels. In chapter 22, the moment Nitori starts talking about money she already has an abacus in her hands.
  • Youthful Freckles: Falls closest to the Bratty Half-Pint pattern.

Debuted in Forbidden Scrollery

    Kosuzu Motoori

Bibliophile with Deciphering Eyes
Kosuzu Motoori

"We'll cross that bridge when we come to it. And when that time comes, I'll come to you, Miss Reimu!"

Daughter of the human village's local book renter and friend of Reimu and Akyuu, she has the ability to read books in any language, though she only gained this ability shortly before Forbidden Scrollery begins. She's a enthusiastic bookworm who loves to collect books for herself as well as lend them out, even though the books she collects are supernatural and potentially dangerous in nature. This makes her a liability in Reimu's eyes, but Kosuzu has faith that Reimu will always come and rescue her. She looks up to Mamizou without realizing that she's not human.

  • Addictive Magic:
    • She is getting more and more attracted to her books, summoning a low-level version of the Night Parade and creating tsukumogami. She's keeping it to one day per month to avoid summoning something too big or attracting unwanted attention, but she still is quite excited to do so because she can "feel the youkai energy."
    • Why is this a bad idea? The Night Parade is the Japanese equivalent of The Wild Hunt. It's also Mamizou's Last Spell in Hopeless Masquerade, and an annoying one at that.
    • Even after Mamizou in disguise points in Chapter 38 that if people found out about the Night Parade scroll Suzunaan might get run out of the village, while trying to trick Kosuzu into giving it up, despite her fears she still says she won't destroy it.
  • Arbitrary Skepticism: Despite the number of strange things in Gensokyo, and her own poor knowledge of the Outside World, Kosuzu still finds the contents of an issue of "Fourteen Times" too hard to believe.
  • Berserk Button: DO NOT DAMAGE THE BOOKS!
  • Broken Masquerade: Partially, Kosuzu's dealings with youkai have led her to wonder if all youkai should be feared, which goes against Gensokyo's main rule of youkai being in conflict with humans and vice-versa in order to keep the former in existence. She's still not privy to Gensokyo's true purpose though.
  • The Cameo:
    • Can be seen amongst the crowd in Hopeless Masquerade.
    • She also makes a non-speaking appearance in Chapter 20 of Wild and Horned Hermit alongside Akyuu, having been roped into Reimu's latest moneymaking Zany Scheme.
    • In Chapter 1 of Visionary Fairies in Shrine she appears as part of the crowd as the Three Fairies of Light make their way through the Human Village.
  • Character Development: Goes from being about as frightened of youkai as most of the inhabitants of the Human Village, to some extent being able to distinguish between friendly and belligerent ones, and is likely on her way to becoming a "youkai-like human" like Reimu or Marisa. She still remains understandably distrustful of youkai in general, however.
  • Collector of the Strange: She collects youma books.
  • Comically Missing the Point: Kosuzu tends to misinterpret what she hears about real world events, like how the fall of the Soviet Union and the Berlin Wall must mean that the outside world has a lot of construction defects.
  • Cute Bookworm: She's very passionate about books, is pretty much a librarian due to book renting being the family business, and thanks to Moe Harukawa's art style she's quite cute as well.
  • Curtains Match the Window: Red hair and red eyes, albeit in different shades.
  • Demonic Possession: In chapters 16 and 17, Kosuzu reads a set of letters which were sealing a ghost and accidentally gets possessed by it, causing it to take over her body at night.
  • Face Fault: Causes an entire Face Fault Pile-up at the end of chapter 25. Marisa is surprised that Kosuzu is so willing to give up the evil book of the week, because she normally cries and objects because it's merchandise. Everyone thinks Kosuzu must have learned her lesson by now, but then Kosuzu remarks that since it's not a Youma Book, she couldn't care less. Cue Reimu, Marisa, and Akyuu all simultaneously falling on top of each other, complete with Instant Bandages on their heads.
  • Fangirl:
    • Of Mamizou, though she's unaware of her being a youkai.
    • She also becomes one of Kokoro after watching her noh play, fully aware of her youkai nature.
  • Fearless Fool: Has no concern that she might accidentally summon an antagonistic youkai or Eldritch Abomination because she's sure Reimu will save her.
  • Friend to All Children: Reads stories to village children who are too poor to own books. Also a friend to a fox youkai disguising itself as a human child by giving it an empty book so it can take notes on that instead of on the walls of the school. Though she may be doing it so she can get a steady source of youkai written books, too.
  • Girlish Pigtails: One of, if not the youngest human character in the series (notably younger than Reimu and Marisa), and has pigtails.
  • Hair Decorations: Wears bells in her hair to fasten her pigtails, which also matches her name (Kosuzu meaning "little bell").
  • Historical-Domain Character: She's most likely based on Norinaga Motoori, a prominent 18th-century scholar who is most notable for deciphering the Kojiki, the oldest extant chronicle in Japan. Kosuzu's given name means "little bell", which is probably a reference to Norinaga's hobby of collecting bells.
  • Meganekko: She wears glasses for reading.
  • Mook Maker: Her Night Parade book creates tsukumogami, and Mamizou encourages this because the Tanuki can recruit them.
  • Nice Girl: While perhaps a bit too obsessed with youma books for her own good, she's a genuinely nice person.
  • Nice Hat: When she goes to the Hakurei Shrine in disguise during Chapters 10 and 11 of Forbidden Scrollery, she wears a hat reminiscent of the one worn by Maribel Hearn.
  • Omniglot: She has the magical ability to read any written language, including dead languages spoken by no one. However it doesn't work as well when it comes to actually writing in them, as shown in a bonus strip where she tries writing back to the Scarlet Devil Mansion following the return of Tupai the Chupacabra.
  • Pro-Human Transhuman:
    • Not yet, but Akyuu warns her that her habits will likely turn her into a youkai. She laughs it off and says that would be even better for Akyuu, because then she would still be Akyuu's friend and tell her all about being a youkai.
    • Mamizou, somewhat unexpectedly, gives her a warning about this as well in chapter 24. Kosuzu takes that one rather a bit more seriously. Not seriously enough to stop doing the thing Mamizou warned her she should stop doing, but still, she looked genuinely worried this time.
    • This gets into a bit more Nightmare Fuel territory once we see Reimu actually kill the Jinyou in the next chapter, because in her words "A human villager becoming a youkai is the greatest sin there is." Might Reimu be willing to murder Kosuzu if she ends up turning?
  • Psychometry: In Chapter 16 she develops the ability to read the auras of books, giving her information about them beyond what's in the text. Akyuu theorizes that this may have happened due to her exposure to youma books.
  • Sprouting Ears: Does this in a chapter of Forbidden Scrollery when she gets angry, invoking the image of a hissing cat.
  • Squee!: Reacts like this to Mamizou playing Mysterious Stranger.
  • Summon Bigger Fish: In order to get rid of a youkai bookworm, Kosuzu summoned a smoke youkai to get rid of it, then got Reimu and Marisa to get rid of the smoke youkai (blaming its appearance on the bookworm).
  • Summoning Artifact: She is capable of releasing at least some of the youkai in her books, but not controlling them (other than tsukumogami, more or less). She can, however, direct Reimu and Marisa at them if things get out of hand.
  • Tome of Eldritch Lore: "Youma Books". She collects them; some are merely books written by youkai or magicians (either to themselves or others of their kind), while others are reminders that they existed in hopes that Clap Your Hands If You Believe will apply when someone reads them, while others still are youkai or have youkai sealed inside them. She even has one of the original copies of the Necronomicon. Her ability allows her to read them regardless of what ancient forgotten language they may have been written in, but if she accidentally summons something unfriendly, she's sure Reimu can handle it.
  • Unwitting Pawn:
    • Mamizou manipulates her love of youma books and interest in youkai for her own mysterious ends.
    • The fortune teller turned jinyou used his jealousy from Kosuzu claiming his techniques as her own in order to revive, though in that case Kosuzu was more of a lucky dupe rather than a direct pawn.
  • Vague Age: Like Reimu and Marisa, it's unclear exactly how old she is, but she seems to be a few years younger than both of them, or at least about the same age as Akyuu's current incarnation.
  • Whole Costume Reference: Her "incognito" outfit in chapters 10-11 of Forbidden Scrollery is the same one worn by Kosuke Kindaichi.

    The Fortune Teller

The Fortune Teller

"Ridiculous! Aren't you on peaceful terms with a number of youkai?! So why...?!"

A fortune teller who killed himself six months prior to the events of Forbidden Scrollery, after being forced to leave his fortune telling school for practicing magic, who used a loophole using the fortune telling book he created in order to come back to life as a youkai.

He has the dubious honor of being the only fully sapient youkai to have actually died onscreen in the Touhou series.

Alternative Title(s): Other Official Works, Touhou ZU Ns Music Collection, Touhou Bougetsushou, Touhou Kourindou Curiosities Of Lotus Asia, Touhou Sangetsusei, Touhou Ibarakasen Wild And Horned Hermit, Touhou Suzunaan Forbidden Scrollery