After 30 long years, finally, the two of us meet. The brother of light...and the brother of dark.
In real life, siblings rarely act the same. Fiction sometimes takes this to an extreme.
Enter Sibling Yin-Yang, the occurrence of siblings that are polar opposites
. If he's cool and reckless, she's responsible and thoughtful. If she's a spiky-haired hooligan, he's the nerdy wimpy one. If he's an immature brat, she's... well, you get the picture.
The even more extreme form leads to Polar Opposite Twins
, or even Evil Twin
. When this leads to complete antagonism, it becomes Cain and Abel
. See also The Glorious War of Sisterly Rivalry
and Tomboy and Girly Girl
. If an Aesop is involved, chances are it's a case of Foolish Sibling, Responsible Sibling
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Anime and Manga
- Amanchu! has Ai and Makoto, the former being a somewhat violent Genki Girl in contrast with her meek, thoughtful twin brother.
- In Axis Powers Hetalia, North and South Italy fit this trope; North Italy is ditzy, cheerful, and friendly, while South Italy is more reserved and unfriendly, especially towards North Italy's partner in crime Germany and his ex-caretaker, Spain. Switzerland and Liechtenstein also fit this trope (though Liech is adopted) with Switzerland being a moody gunslinger and Liechtenstein being a gentle and kind Token Mini-Moe.
- Also, America and Canada: The first is a loud, outgoing mix of Eagleland archtypes and Boisterous Bruiser; the second is much more quiet, sensible, and overlooked.
- Germany and Prussia, too. Germany being a Perpetual Frowner Neat Freak and Prussia being a Hot-Blooded Jerk Ass. However, it is shown that Prussia can be just as much of a hardworking, organized neat freak as his brother.
- Ukraine and Belarus fit as well. Ukraine is a sweet, sensitive, hardworking, tomboyish Naďve Everygirl Team Mom, and Belarus being a creepy, Elegant Gothic Lolita Psychopathic Womanchild with Yandere tendencies. There's also that Ukraine has tried to leave Russia and she can be passive-aggressive towards him (though she still very much loves her siblings) while Belarus loves and adores Russia to the point of stalking and desiring to marry him. Russia, on the other hand, is another story.
- Netherland and Belgium. He's a brooding Tsundere with a Scarf of Asskicking and a penchant for smoking, she's a tomboyish and cheerful Cool Big Sis with a Sweet Tooth.
- China with any of his siblings, but most seen when he interacts with his adopted brother, Japan
- Karin and Yuzu Kurosaki of Bleach.
- Jun Ushiro and his sister Kana in Bokurano. She is sweet, shy and forgiving, he is violent and brooding.
- Hot-Blooded Fiery Redhead Apollo and Defrosting Ice Queen Eerie Pale-Skinned Brunette Artemis in Cyborg 009.
- Yoh and Minatsuki in Deadman Wonderland are an interesting case: both are liars, cowards, and opportunists, but Yoh may be fundamentally a caring guy while his sister is a Yandere.
- Light and his sister in Death Note. Their only common points are that they are both good-looking and respected. She is a nice, ordinary person, he is a freakishly intelligent Well-Intentioned Extremist with sociopathic tendencies and a god complex.
- Nove and Wendi from Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha, the inseparable red-headed duo amongst the Numbers sisters, and later, amongst the Nakajima sisters, with Nove as the always angry one and Wendi as the always happy one.
- In ViVid, Nove has eventually lost her angry attitude, but is still serious and more mature, and additionally has the responsibility to train the main characters while Wendi hasn't changed much.
- The strong differences between Alicia and Fate is the reason why Presea abused the latter so much.
- The Chizeta princesses from Magic Knight Rayearth: Tarta the younger is loud, rude, and Hot-Blooded while Tatra the elder is quiet, polite, and a total pushover (apparently), which is probably why the younger sister seems to be the leader.
- Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch uses it repeatedly. Caren is a brooding, grudge-holding Broken Bird, while her twin sister Noel is a forgiving, self-sacrificing Nice Girl. When Caren got nicer and, as a result, dropped Out of Focus, she became a loud party girl to keep the opposite dynamic going. There's also Kaito and Gackto, of the Cain and Abel variety, as well as one being a friendly joker and the other a White Hair, Black Heart villain. Lucia and Nikora, though only posing as sisters, fit it too with The Ditz versus the Team Mom. In fact, it's even lampshaded in the Black Beauty Sisters, who are also definitely not sisters.
- Anna and Johan in Monster. Anna is outgoing, compassionate, helpful and an idealistic humanist. Johan is quiet, introspective, manipulative and an utter sociopath. And he's the titular character.
- Ace and Luffy on One Piece. Ace is more level-headed and polite than his brash and bordering on brain-dead little brother. Even Luffy's crew have expressed disbelief at how different Ace is from their captain.
- It has been revealed, however, that Luffy and Ace aren't actually blood siblings. They were raised together by Garp and consider each other as brothers, so they still count.
- And then we have Arlong and Shirley. He's a Large and In Charge General Ripper, she's a mermaid.
- Umehito Nekkozawa and his younger sister Kirimi from Ouran High School Host Club. He's dark, brooding and extremely photosensitive, while she's cheerful, outgoing, and hates dark places.
- The twins have some of this as well, although only when they are separated. Hikaru keeps the trouble-making personality (with some added Tsundere) whereas Kaoru is much more mature.
- Shinkyoku Soukai Polyphonica has the Yugiri sisters. Persete is the outgoing one, Prinesca is the shy one.
- Black and White of Tekkon Kinkreet. Black is violent and territorial and White is childish and innocent. The fact that they need each other to balance out the pair is repeated often throughout the film and becomes a plot point.
- They're not actually related, but Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann's Simon and Kamina were definitely designed to fit the trope — Simon is shy, relatively sensible, quiet and intelligent, where Kamina is outgoing, reckless, big-mouthed and something of an idiot. Their respective appearances couldn't be much more different, either; Simon is short (prior to the Timeskip, anyway), pale and skinny with dark purple hair and blue eyes, where Kamina is tall, tan and muscular with bright blue hair and red eyes. Finally, in case all of that wasn't quite unsubtle enough, their names also contrast: Simon's name comes from "shimo", the Japanese word for "below", and Kamina's name comes from "kami", the Japanese word for "above".
- The Nitori siblings of Wandering Son couldn't be more different. Big Sister Maho is outgoing and pushy. Little Brother Shuichi is timid and feminine. This actually gets lampshaded by the pair's father, who relates to Shu a story of their grandmother betting Maho would be a boy and Shu a girl before they were born. Given the family's recent discovery of Shu's issues, Nitori Sr. wonders if Grandma was really so wrong about them.
- Code Geass has the proud and xenophobic Lady of War Cornelia li Britannia, and her little sister, the self-deprecating Wide-Eyed Idealist Euphemia li Britannia.
- Heiwajima Shizuo and his brother Kasuka in Durarara!!. Shizuo's a violent maniac with unbelievable physical strength, while his brother is extremely taciturn and doesn't seem to show any fear of his brother's temper or power. Their relationship is actually very healthy, if low-key.
- Both leading families of B Gata H Kei have this dynamic. Yamada is an energetic Covert Pervert who has little on her mind but sex. Her younger sister Chika is much more level-headed. Takashi Kosuda is shy but thoughtful, expressing himself through his camera. His older sister Kazuki is outgoing, boyish and shameless within her own house.
- Raoh and Toki from Fist of the North Star: one of them is a merciless conqueror and the other is a messianic healer.
- Samui of Naruto is stoic, calculating and very serious at all times. On the other hand, her brother Atsui is Hot-Blooded, rash and a reckless loudmouth. To drive the point home, their names mean Cold and Hot respectively.
- The Sasuke and Itachi dynamic plays with this. As a child, Sasuke strived to be like Itachi to earn recognition, but his brother was always several steps ahead. After the Uchiha massacre, Sasuke tried to distance himself from Itachi and become different from him, even refusing to obtain power in the same way as his brother. However, after Itachi's death, Sasuke drastically changes, becoming driven by hate and revenge against anyone who would stand against him, unlike his brother, who was motivated by love, albeit in a twisted way. Ironically, Sasuke would have ended up very similar to Itachi, had the latter not traumatized him in the way he did.
- The First and Second leaders of Konoha were the Senju brothers: the elder was a laid-back, almost goofy straight-haired brunette who wanted to make peace with the Uchihas while the younger was a Combat Pragmatist with spiky white hair who thought it would be safer to just kill them all (their middle brother had both types of hair, split down the middle, but was killed before he reached adulthood).
- Future GPX Cyber Formula has Osamu and Asuka Sugo. Osamu is a calm, level-headed individual while Asuka is more energetic and cheerful. Franz Heinel and his younger sister Lisa counts as well, with the same personalities as Osamu and Asuka has.
- Unsui and Agon of Eyeshield 21. Unsui is serious, responsible, hard working, and polite. Agon is arrogant, self-centered, sadistic, and lazy.
- Masao and Sanae Kouda from Detective Conan look nothing alike. Sanae is a pretty Office Lady, Masao has a huge case of Face of a Thug. Despite this, the siblings are very close... so when Sanae is killed by Watanuki, a man in debt that she was visiting for work reasons, Masao goes Knight Templar Big Brother and decides to prove it at all costs. Even by robbing a bank and hiding his loot near the man's backyard to force the police dig in so they can find Sanae's corpse.
- The Suzuki sisters, too. Older sister Ayako is a soft-spoken and mature Ojou, younger sister Sonoko is an outspoken fashionista.
- AR∀GO: City of London Police's Special Crimes Investigator: Arago and Ewan. It's even highlighted by their hair color, one of the only visible difference between the two (the other being a scar on Ewan's arm).
- Infinite Stratos has the Shinonono sisters, Tabane and Houki. The older is very silly, while the younger is very serious.
- Kotetsu and Muramasa Kaburagi from Tiger & Bunny. Kotetsu is an impulsive, Hot-Blooded, dorky Ascended Fanboy superhero, whereas Muramasa is his down-to-earth, low key, responsible older brother who runs the family liquor store.
- Mobile Suit Gundam has Sayla Mass and Char Aznable. She's a hero, he's a villain. She's loyal to the core, he has Chronic Backstabbing Disorder. She's got a boatload of Ship Tease with Amuro. He wants Amuro's head on a pike. She doesn't want revenge for their father's death, Char is consumed by the need for it. She's naturally empathetic, Char suffers from Lack of Empathy. The two of them have absolutely nothing in common, and are on opposite sides of the war, yet somehow avoid Cain and Abel.
- The show also features the Zabi siblings who manage to be a four man version of this. On the one side you have antivillains Dozle and Garma. Both take care of their men, love their significant others, have passionate attitudes, and respect their father, sharing many personality traits despite their very different appearances (Dozle is The Brute, Garma The Dark Chick). Contrasting them are Gihren and Kycilia, a pair of manipulative, cold-blooded social climbers who believe that We Have Reserves, break the rules of war left, right, and centre, and make no real connections with anyone besides themselves (though Gihren is the worse of the two in this regard). Appropriately, Garma and Dozle quite like each other, while Kycilia and Gihren hate one another.
- Gundam AGE has Zeheart Galette and Desil Galette. Zeheart's a pretty nice guy & cares about his friends despite his loyalty to Vagan. Desil on the other hand is an Ax-Crazy Blood Knight who views soldiers, for Vagan and the Earth Federal Forces, as his own toys.
- Otome no Iroha features Iroha and Hifumi as Masculine Girl, Feminine Boy (respectively), prior to their Gender Bender.
- Bakusou Kyoudai! Let's & Go!! has a titular Seiba siblings. The older brother, Retsu, is level-headed and careful while the younger one, Go, is Hotblooded and reckless. Their traits show in their representative racing machines.
- Rogue and Sting from Fairy Tail (who might not be related but were at least raised as brothers) are big on this. Sting uses 'white' magic, is always very in your face, shows interest in almost everything going on, and is only concerned with strength. Rogue uses 'shadow' magic, generally lets Sting do the talking, acts uninterested in evverything, and places value on comradery.
- The biological siblings in the shogi manga Sangatsu no Lion had different reactions when a young shogi phenom entered their household and took their place in their obsessive shogi-master father's heart (shogi is everything to him and they just weren't talented at it): the brother became increasingly passive and played video games all day while the sister became a vicious bully who terrorized her foster-brother at home — and possibly in bed. As young adults the foster-brother (who's still/barely present in high school) lives alone because he didn't want to destroy their family like a cuckoo chick; the brother is a divorced loser, and the sister, who is "as beautiful as a demon" is dating her father's and foster-brother's Jerkass shogi rival, who also happens to have a hospitalized wife and young child.
- In Dragon Ball, we have Son Gohan and Son Goten. Goten is very similar to his father, being naive and energetic. Gohan is the smart and polite son. Goten is also a borderline Blood Knight while Gohan dislikes fighting except in his SSJ2 form. Chi-chi actually trained Goten how to fight after Goku's second death and he lived in a peaceful world before Buu was released. Chi-Chi forbid Goku to train Gohan until the Cyborg/Android saga, one aspect why he dislikes fighting at the beginning. For Goten, fighting is fun when he was still a kid while Gohan experienced the deaths of people and his friends getting hurt while he was too weak to help them until the Cell saga, and he hates killing. Goten never experienced battles to death like his brother until Buu's arrival. However, ten years later, Goten has lost his borderline Blood Knight attitude and is more interested in girls, another contrast to his older brother, who was appearently Oblivious to Love and married his first girlfriend.
- Son Goku himself is a Nice Guy and Spirited Competitor who dislikes wanton killing and he would never harm innocent people. His brother Raditz is a cruel Dirty Coward who enjoys killing and routinely liquidates entire planets for money. They are both like and unlike most other Saiyans in completely opposite ways.
- The eponymous main character is friendly to others, with a shy and nervous side that often comes up. Her older sister Teru is confident yet embittered
- Kuro Matsumi is outgoing and cheerful, although said confidence takes a blow when she goes up against strong opponents and loses points. Her older sister Yuu is a shy, timid Ill Girl, who nevertheless can become especially determined for the sake of her younger sister.
- Hiroe Atago is a loud, outspoken Jerk with a Heart of Gold who is unshakably confident in her abilities. Her younger sister Kinue is mild-mannered and desperately seeks her sister's approval.
- Downplayed in Sakura Trick: While Yuu is short, immature and only good at sports and her older sister Mitsuki is tall, glasses-wearing, more mature and not good at sports at all, they share a lot of similarities as well, including sharing the Trademark Favorite Food and the same crush.
- Sand Chronicles has Fuji and Shiika of the Tsukishima family. Fuji is the aloof, cynical and cold brother, Shiika is the sweet, optimistic and helpful sister. Naturally, the two aren't close at all to begin with.
- Charles Xavier and Cain Marko in X-Men. And that's before you get into how they are, respectively, the most mentally powerful and the most physically powerful people in the world...
- Xavier also has Cassandra Nova, who exists to be his polar opposite in absolutely everything.
- Batman's two sons, Tim "Robin" Drake (adopted) and Damian al Ghul (biological), in recent comics. Tim is logical, cool-headed, and always follows Batman's example by never killing, while Damian is rash, violent, and thinks nothing of killing his enemies. They slug it out every time they meet.
- You could extend that to Tim Drake and Nightwing (Dick Grayson). Nightwing can be logical, but he's more hot-tempered and his creation of 'Nightwing' directly extended from him rebelling against Batman. Tim and Dick act like actual brothers though, unlike Damian.
- And then there's Dick Grayson and Jason Todd. Apart from the obvious (Dick is a hero, Jason is a villain, or at least a Nineties Anti-Hero), Dick is acrobatic, fairly cheerful for a member of the Batman family, and indepedant from Batman. Whereas Jason relies more on weaponry, is dark and wrathful, and is almost pitifully obsessed with being seen as Batman's son true heir, if not replacing the Dark Knight himself.
- The (otherwise unnamed) Two Brothers from Marvel vs. DC - one was the Living Embodiment of the Marvel Multiverse, the other was the Living Embodiment of the DC Multiverse. When they became (re)aware of each others existence, they each decided to destroy the other. They made up in the end, because Status Quo Is God.
- Spider-Girl and her cousin/genetic half-brother Darkdevil. She's a naive, optimistic Plucky Girl who wears a bright costume. He's an angsty pessimistic Snark Knight dressed in dark tones. Together they fight crime! Sometimes.
- Desire and Despair. Death and Destiny. Destruction and Dream. Delirium and... You know what, it's probably best just to leave it at: "The Endless".
- Many examples in ClanDestine. The most prominent example is Jasmine / Cuckoo / Kay Cera and Walter Destine / Wallop. Then again, when their younger sister Samantha complains about their constant bickering, their father Adam attributes it to them being too alike. In a flashback, we also have Thaddeus and Albert, who seem to get on much better.
Films - Animation
Films - Live-Action
- According to their Tech Specs Skids and Mudflap are this... with the caveat that they're both quite stupid. Skids merely believes he's the smart one.
- Ian (Ewan McGregor) and Terry (Colin Farrell) in Woody Allen's Cassandra's Dream. Even just visually, the contrast between the brothers is striking, looking nothing alike axcept for being drop dead gorgeous.
- Carefree, irresponsible David and woobish, frustrated Albert in The King's Speech.
- Hotblooded Santino and cold hearted Michael in The Godfather
- Happens naturally in Thor between him and Loki. Thor was a Boisterous Bruiser who took in the attention without realizing how self-descructive and reckless he was. Loki was the opposite, being quiet and prefers to use trickery and illusions to fight. Thor's character developments showed that he learned to stop, listen, think and be humble. Loki learning to fight, to take control, assert himself and manipulate others was his development to becoming a villain, completely opposite way of Thor.
- In Secondhand Lions, both Hub and Garth are Badass Grandpas who had many adventures in their lives, but in the end, Garth is the more calm, bookish one who could sit back an relax while Hub was looking for adventure and had no trouble beating up five punks after getting out of the hospital.
- Downplayed in The Prestige with the Borden twins. We don't see much of them as individuals, but one is a family man who loves their wife and daughter, and recommends just letting the rivalry with Angier die. Meanwhile the other is more aggressive, loves their assistant/mistress and sneaks into Angier's performance to learn how he performs"The Transported Man".
- In La Piel Que Habito (The Skin I Live In), we learn that Robert and Zeca are brothers, with one child being bright and obedient and growing up to be a famous doctor, and the other going off to deal drugs at age seven and turning out as a killer and robber. However, by her own admission, they are both monsters, they just expressed it in different ways.
- The sisters Houseman in Dirty Dancing — flirty, empty-headed Lisa and studious, altruistic Baby.
- In X-Men: Days of Future Past, ten years after First Class, Charles and Raven have not only become estranged but also polar opposites in almost every way, especially in regards to ideology and diplomacy. Her sparing of Trask and the president shows that Raven isn't quite as far gone as originally believed, though.
- Discworld: Esme and Lily Weatherwax. Granny Weatherwax is the angry, bitter old woman who always saves the day because she feels she has to since her "good" sister Lily ended up being the evil one. It's especially frustrating to Esme because Lily isn't even particularly good at being evil - in large part because Lily doesn't even realise that's what she's being.
- Princes Peter and Thomas in The Eyes of the Dragon by Stephen King (Peter is fit and raven-haired like their mother while Thomas is chubby and sandy-haired like their father).
- Fablehaven has Kendra and Seth Sorenson. Kendra is smart, cautious, and thoughtful, Seth is arrogant, energetic, and brave to the point of stupidity.
- Most sibling relationships in Harry Potter follow this to some extent, such as Sirius (hates his pureblood-obsessed family and eventually runs away from home) and Regulus (proud to be part of said family), Bellatrix (fanatically devoted to Voldemort) and Narcissa (secretly terrified of him), et cetera. Also, Harry's mother Lily (a muggleborn witch) and her sister Petunia (who is perfectly normal, thank you very much).
- In even greater contrast to Bellatrix and Narcissa is their other sister Andromeda Tonks. Not only did she not become a Death Eater, she married a Muggle-born wizard, produced a daughter who became an Auror, and helps out the Order of the Phoenix, though she's not officially a member herself.
- Lady Envy and Anomander Rake from The Malazan Book of the Fallen: She's The Vamp, he's a stoic Blood Knight.
- The Izzies from The Merlin Conspiracy by Diana Wynne Jones play with this trope. At any given time, the two girls will take on polar opposite traits, for example one being rude and aggressive while the other is shy and fainting. Then, at random times, they'll switch roles. Twin girls in a magical family where only one can be selected to inherit the family's magic, this is their way of fighting back by making themselves completely indistinguishable.
- The Star Wars Expanded Universe has Jacen and Jaina. Oddly, Jaina is more masculine than her brother.
- Flonne and Ozonne of the Disgaea novels. Flonne is a nice, flaky, adorable and optimistic Otaku Love Freak, while Ozonne is grumpy, rude, boyish and snarky Money Believer. They can't walk a step without arguing with each other.
- In Ayn Rand's Atlas Shrugged, we have Dagny and James Taggart, and Hank and Philip Rearden. Both sets of siblings hold polarized world views and that in turn shows us that blood is not Thicker Than Water.
- Katniss and Primrose Everdeen in The Hunger Games. Katniss is tough, a tomboy, a hunter, has difficulty connecting with people, and resembles their father. Prim, meanwhile, is delicate, sweet, well-liked, a healer and Friend to All Living Things who resembles their mother. Despite this, the two are incredibly close.
- Annie and Lila Little Hawk in Gives Light. Annie is thoughtful, quickwitted, feisty, and good at cooking and crafts. Little sister Lila is a glutton, a precocious flirt, and a mouthy brat.
- Because they both reacted in very different ways when Alderaan and their family was destroyed, Tash and Zak Arranda of Galaxy of Fear ended up diverging more. Both are curious kids, but Tash is more withdrawn, empathic, and thinks she has to take care of her brother, who has become more of a daredevil.
- In The Dresden Files, Mab and Titania, the Queens of Faerie, are almost complete opposites. Mab is utterly ruthless and pragmatic, making her decisions entirely on cold logic, whereas Titania follows her heart. The only personality trait they have in common is that they both love their respective daughters.
- Xiaohui wants to share Palimpsest with as many people as possible. Her brother puts a lot of effort into keeping any hint of Palimpsest off public forums.
- Isabelle and Alec Lightwood from The Mortal Instruments. Isabelle is not averse to showing off her beauty, is generally nicer, and like Jace, always rushing headfirst into demon-slaying. Unlike her, Clary notes that Alec is shyer, easier to guilt, and tries everything he can to downplay the good looks he shares with his sister.
It's implied that Isabelle is the way she is in part because she wants to draw attention from her brother's homosexuality, as she does not want her parents to find out when he wasn't ready.
- From Enders Game: Ender's brother Peter is the aggressive, masculine Yang to their sister Valentine's passive, feminine Yin. Peter was rejected from Battle School because he was too prone to violence, while Valentine was rejected because she was too compassionate. Graff tells Ender he has to find the balance between these two emotions in order to be an effective commander.
- Överenskommelser by Simona Ahrnstedt has Sofia, a flawless good-hearted Proper Lady, and her brother Edvard, a serial abuser sadistic sociopath. They only have one thing in common: They're both good-looking. It becomes very clear that Sofia has taken after their Extreme Doormat mother, while Edvard has taken after their Domestic Abuser father.
- Wilhelm and his brother (Beatrice's father) also seem to been very different from each other. Wilhelm has no good memories at all of his more intelligent and liberal brother.
- In The Land of Stories, where Alex is an overachieving "A" student and an optimist in love with fairytales, Conner is extremely lazy in school and a sarcastic skeptic.
Live Action TV
- Claire and Lyle, as well as Nathan and Peter, from Heroes.
- Hiro and his older sister Kimiko, with Hiro being idealistic, child-like, and bored by the prospect of being a businessman like his father; Kimiko is intelligent, motivated, and ambitious in regards to taking a place within the family's company.
- Wizards of Waverly Place has Alex (a mischievous, prankish, lazy, reckless manipulative bitch) and her older brother, Justin (a calm, collected, studious, mature Badass Bookworm, bordering on Mad Scientist- mad because of Alex).
- Chuck and Ellie in Chuck.
- Betty and Hilda and of Ugly Betty.
- J.D. and Dan in Scrubs.
- The Winchester Brothers contrast in many different ways. Dean is loud, boorish, slutty and is a Big Eater in a nutshell. But he goes quiet (and even mute in fanon) when hurting, turns all his angst in on himself and his whole life is wrapped in Sam and his family. Sam is mostly celibate (because of that pesky Cartwright Curse), is never shown to be eating and tends to be the quiet one while Dean takes control. But he gets louder and more dangerous when he's upset and his main Fatal Flaws are Pride and self-absorption. And he's far more independent than Dean, showing signs of wanting to flee the nest through the entire show's run, and, unlike Dean, would probably be able to go on permanently with his life if deprived of his family and hunting. The sex scenes (Dean in "Route 666" and "Heaven and Hell," and Sam in "Heart," "I Know What You Did Last Summer," and "Sex and Violence") show a difference between them too. Sex is fun for Dean; he doesn't mind being pushed down on the bed and letting the woman have her way with him. But for Sam, it's violent, kinky and it's clear he has to be the one in control and dominating. Sam and Dean's relationship is a parallel for Michael and Lucifer's, who are ying yang brothers themselves.
- It's made clear that Sam and Dean's differences stem from their contrasting roles in the family. Dean was forced to be his father's obedient solider and his brother's caretaker while Sam seem to have been allowed some measure of freedom and innocence. It's revealed for example that a lot of Dean's mannerisms were inherited from his father, thus making it also very likely that Sam's personality is a deliberate attempt to distance himself from his family.
- Castiel has this with his brothers Gabriel and Balthazar.
- Similar to the Clegane brothers example, Dexter who is morally ambiguous, and his brother the Ice Truck Killer who is...not.
- Aunts Lily and Vivian in Pushing Daisies are both eccentric shut-ins, but the similarities end there: Vivian is gentle, flighty, and more emotional, while Lily is sharp and snarky, clever, and keeps her soft streak well-hidden.
- The Booth brothers from Bones - Booth the elder likes his comfort zone while Booth the younger is flashy and much more upwardly mobile. Dr. Sweets observes that this dichotomy is not atypical in victims of childhood abuse. Seeley took on the role of serious protector while the younger Jared took on the role of attention-seeking trouble-maker, both in response to their father's physical abuse of them and their mother. One episode was essentially an in-universe Alternate Continuity short-story being written by Dr. Brennan. In this version the brothers' personalities remain largely the same, except their roles as protector and trouble-maker are switched with Seeley as a flashy nightclub owner and Jared as a straight-laced police detective.
- The Girls and the Boys from Jon And Kate Plus Eight (the somewhat bossy Girls take after their mother while the more laid-back Boys take after their father)
- Firefly: The Tams. Simon is cooler and calmer and more disciplined, and River is more sensitive and (for obvious reasons) more erratic. On the other hand, she is physically more powerful.
- NUMB3RS: Don is more "Jock-like" and Charlie is more "Geek-like".
- Dick and Beaver on Veronica Mars. Dick is loud, stupid, sex-obsessed and borderline-sociopathic. Beaver is quiet, smart, reclusive and actually sociopathic.
- The twin brothers in the "War Zone" episode of The Closer. One's an accomplished Army Ranger, the others a gangbanger.
- Jake and Ben Brockman in Out Numbered. Ben is outgoing, wild and wrecks chaos throughout the family, Jake is quiet, serious and often acts as a peacemaker. One of their teachers doesn't even believe they're related.
- Mad Men: Anna Draper, widow of the real Don Draper is free-spirited and warm. She has a sister who is sour and uptight.
- The Vampire Diaries:
- Damon is the snarky, hotheaded, impulsive pragmatist Sociopathic Hero to Stefan's milder, thoughtful, (sometime) idealist Friendly Neighbourhood Vampire.
- Vicki, a troubled girl addicted to drugs and Matt, a down-to-earth, normal Nice Guy.
- Elena, a friendly, relatable Girl Next Door and her angsty Troubled, but Cute younger brother Jeremy. This was mostly prominent in early seasons, but averted later on the show, especially after Elena turns into a vampire.
- From the new BBC Sherlock, the Holmes brothers are portrayed this way. Sherlock is easily bored and has a tendency to be incautious and oft-dangerously short-sighted when in pursuit of a solution to whatever mystery happens to take his fancy. Mycroft runs a shadowy government agency and is much calmer and more collected than his dramatic, wild brother. This is in contrast to the characters of the original books, where Sherlock was driven and really cared about what he called "his art," while Mycroft was terminally lazy and probably could have been even greater than his brother, except that he didn't care to be.
- Identical twins Katie and Emily Fintch from Skins at least in their first season. Katie is the leader, dresses like sex-on-legs and Really Gets Around ("I haven't not had a boyfriend since I was seven"). Emily is eternaly in her shadow, dresses slightly more conservative, and falls in love and is monogamous. There is also the tiny little fact that Emily is a closeted Lipstick Lesbian and Katie is a raging homophobe whose favorite target is the girl that Emily has fallen for.
- Criminal Minds:
- Aaron Hotchner and his brother, who appears for exactly one episode and is never mentioned again. Perhaps their prominence in the series is another way that they're opposites?
- There's also Siblings in Crime Mason and Lucas Turner. Lucas is huge, overweight, easily confused, violent, and either autistic or mentally handicapped. Mason is short, cold-blooded, highly intelligent, quadripalegic, and unlike Dumb Muscle Lucas, fully aware of what they're doing.
- Pablo and Marcelina Guerra from Carrusel. Pablo is a loud The Prankster. Marcelina is a Shrinking Violet.
- Charlie and Alan Harper from Two and a Half Men. One drinks, gambles, attracts the hottest women like moths to a bulb, and lives in a nice house overlooking the beach, while the other doesn't drink (on his best days, anyway), is socially awkward, and is hopeless with women... Oh, and he's also divorced, has a kid, and lives off his brother.
- Vrak and Vekar, the two villainous royal brothers in Power Rangers Megaforce, have different approaches in destroying and conquering Earth. Vrak is the cold, manipulative type; while Vekar is compulsive and is not afraid to throw temper tantrums when things don't go his way.
Mythology and Religion
- In the Mabinogion: The brothers Nysien and Efnysien are complete opposites, one so kind and gentle he could bring warring armies to peace, and the other so wicked he could make the most loving family destroy each other. Their names even reflect this, meaning respectively "friendly one" and "hostile/enemy one." To highlight their differences, "Efnysien" also means "not Nysien."
- Older Than Dirt: The Sumerian sun god Utu and his brother Nergal, god of plague and fire.
- Cain and Abel. Abel loved God and gave him the best of his flocks as part of a sacrifice, while Cain's heart was not really in to serving God and he murdered Abel out of jealousy.
- The Otterloop kids in Cul De Sac. Alice is a hyperactive attention seeker. Petey is anxious and quiet.
- In FoxTrot, Peter and Paige are rather average teenagers, while their little brother Jason is a nerdy Child Prodigy.
- Goldust and Cody Rhodes, by virtue of being sixteen years apart, don't have too much in common, other than they are both weird. Goldust is ambiguously bi, has an electric shock induced speech impediment and is the human embodiment of movie criticism, dressing and painting himself like a giant academy award. Cody is a narcissistic dandy who once became convinced the whole world was ugly and resolved to wear a (see through) mask and put paper bags on everyone's head.
- The Unconquered Sun and Luna, from Exalted. One is so absolutely perfect and virtuous that he imposes order on the world by his mere presence, and the other embodies chaos and change to such an extent that she doesn't even have a consistent motivation. Polar Opposite Twins indeed.
- Urza and Mishra in Magic: The Gathering have a strong Red Oni, Blue Oni dynamic: Urza is detached and introspective, while Mishra is hotheaded and outgoing.
- A few of the Primarchs of Warhammer 40,000 have this dynamic, such as Leman Russ (a boisterous, superstitious, hard drinking Space Viking) and Magnus the Red (a sorcerer who was fascinated with knowledge and the mystic arts).
- Iris and Colonel of Mega Man X4 are technically identical twins: as a developing single reploid, they couldn't handle the series' thematic Logic Bomb and split into Iris, compassion for all living things and Colonel, the willingness to kill without hesitation to protect and for peace. They were an attempt to replicate the titular X's ability to handle this paradox. They fact they failed to live up to these principles, even one at a time, causing Zero to have to kill Colonel and then a grieving Iris to combine their power, attack Zero, and also have to be killed may have originally foreshadowed that X would eventually no longer be able to handle the Logic Bomb himself - Copy-X of Mega Man Zero was originally intended to be an X who had lost that compassion and reluctance to kill and become a Knight Templar that Zero would have to kill.
- Bethany and Carver Hawke from Dragon Age II definitely count, with the twist that you hardly ever see them together - one of them dies in the first half-hour depending on Hawke's player class. Bethany is kind and supportive of Hawke, whereas Carver is surly and shares a rivalry with Hawke. Bethany feels burdened by her magic and would rather be normal, while Carver is desperate to prove himself. From the same game, Varric and Bartrand - one does everything he can to subvert dwarf stereotypes, the other is obsessed with his ancestry.
- Yun and Yang from the Street Fighter III series. Yun is loud and outgoing, while Yang is quiet and introverted. Also, Yun focuses on the strength of his attacks, while Yang focuses on the number of hits.
- Hector and Uther in Fire Emblem: The Blazing Sword. Though this can probably be chalked up to the fact that Uther's functioned as Hector's father figure since their parents died.
- The three Pegasus sisters are a rare trio example. Quiet, serious Fiora butts heads with boisterous Farina, who in turn gets a kick out of teasing both her and shy, sensitive Florina.
- In Fire Emblem 6 we have another sibling trio... also of Pegasus sisters. Yuuno is a sweet Action Mom, Thite is a stoic Defrosting Ice Queen and Thany is a hyper Genki Girl. And there's also a set of twins: the cheerful mage Lugh and the snarky shaman Rai.
- In Path of Radiance, some of the earliest playable characters are Oscar, The Ace and cool-headed Nice Guy, and his younger brother Boyd, a Boisterous Bruiser with a fairly lousy work ethic.
- Micaiah and Sanaki have some of this going on Radiant Dawn, though they do have their similarities. The former is a peasant until the end (when she's crowned as Queen of Daein), the latter is the young empress of Begnion. The former possesses the Darkness affinity, the latter, the Light affinity. Both are kind and polite, though the former is often more soft-spoken wilst the latter can be a bit childish at times. Both, though especially the former, can be quite sarcastic at times. Both will do whatever they can for their country, though the former will demonstrate this to the max. They also both have a magic type in common. Their resemblance becomes even more apparent to anyone who bothers to compare images of their portraits side-by-side. About the biggest difference between them is that Micaiah will live far beyond Sanaki's lifespan because of being a Branded (half-Human, half-Laguz), while Sanaki is a human.
- Fire Emblem Awakening has this between Chrom, Lissa, and Emmeryn. The sibling set-ups for the future children allows for this as well, depending on who is either Morgan's older sibling or Lucina's younger siblings: the most blatant examples are Lucina and either Cynthia (if Chrom marries Sumia) or Inigo (if Chrom marries Olivia), or girl!Morgan with either Laurent, Gerome or Noire (if a male Avatar marries Miriel, Cherche or Tharja.)
- Unusual triplet variant, from Metal Gear Solid - Solid and Liquid Snakes are extremely diametrically opposed; reserved, guilty Solid lacks his brother's ambitious, manipulative nature, and passionate, vengeful Liquid lacks his brother's wisdom and emotional clarity. This is complicated by the arrival of the third triplet, the calculating, focused Solidus, who considers himself a 'perfect balance' of his brothers' traits - he's wise and manipulative at once.
- The Scarlet Sisters: Remilia carries herself with class, dignity and charisma while Flandre is a bit too, uh, energetic when "playing."
- Netto (Lan) and Saito (Hub) Hikari AKA MegaMan from Mega Man Battle Network, especially in the Japanese version. Netto is outgoing, brash, and rather hot-headed; Saito is more calm and collected.
- The Kirishima siblings from Project Justice - elder sister Yurika is a quiet, timid Ojou Of War, while younger brother Kurow is a megalomaniac Psycho for Hire complete with a Slasher Smile.
- Hisui and Kohak in Tales of Hearts. The elder is Hot-Blooded and impulsive and rude, and his speech is crass; his sister is soft-spoken and polite. There's also Croaseraph, who is an aggressive Dual Wielding Glass Cannon who wants to Destroy All Humans!, and his brother Crinoseraph, a stoic, defensive spellcaster with two shields who's maintained his loyalty to his master.
- Devil May Cry brings us Dante and Vergil, the twin sons of Sparda. Dante is loud-mouthed, trash-talking, dresses in red, yet is a demon hunter who embraces his human side, using his demonic powers to aid humanity, being the hero. Vergil is soft spoken, more introverted, dresses in blue, yet embraces his demonic side and is obsessed with gaining power at every cost.
- Ronny and Sally Dobbs of Backyard Sports. Tony and Angela seem like this, but they're both egotistical.
- The Williams sisters from Tekken. Nina is statuesque, cold, and blonde while Anna is the curvaceous and flirty brunette.
- Fyuria and Zerva in Record Of Agarest War. Fyuria has light-based attacks, Zerva has darkness-based attacks. Together, they have a powerful Yin-Yang Bomb.
- Same thing with Lavinia and Faina.
- Jeanette and Therese Voerman (AKA Tourette Voerman) from Vampire: The Masquerade – Bloodlines. The Malkavian PC even describes them as "The Ivory Princess" and "The Ebony Princess" respectivly.
- Subway Bosses Emmet and Ingo of Pokémon Black and White at the very least appear this way; Emmet wears white and is always seen smiling, while Ingo wears black and is constantly frowning.
- Dark Souls has the Queen of Sunlight Gwynevere and the Darkmoon God Gwyndolyn.
- Blazblue gives us the protagonist, Ragna the Bloodedge and his younger brother, Jin Kisaragi. The former is a wanted rebel who seeks to destroy the establishing government, and the latter is considered a hero by said government and embodies order. Ironically, in terms of personality, they're a lot more alike than either of them would like to admit.
- Fatal Fury
- The Bogard brothers. Terry comes off as interpersonal and social while his brother Andy is stoic and keeps to himself to focus on his training.
- The Kim brothers from Garou: Mark of the Wolves. Dong Hwan is a slacker who doesn't take his training seriously and just goofs off while his brother Jae Hoon is the exact opposite.
- In Apollo Justice: Ace Attorney, Kristoph Gavin is a cool, businesslike defense attorney while his brother Klavier is a wild, extroverted prosecutor. Futhermore, Kristoph is evil and Klavier is good.
- And in the same game, there's Apollo and Trucy, the protagonists themselves, although they don't know they're half-siblings. They do have some similarities, but Trucy is optimistic, a little naive, and extroverted. Apollo, on the other hand, is more cynical, sarcastic, and is more reserved around people than Trucy is.
- Itsuki and Sayo in Suika. Itsuki is gentle, shy and a bit of a pushover. Sayo is brash, slightly tomboyish and aggressive.
- From the Nasuverse, Shinji and Sakura in Fate/stay night. Subverted in that they aren't blood related. Sakura and Rin are, though, and also fit this trope. Sakura's powers match her side nicely, to boot.
- Twin sisters Torta and Arietta from Symphonic Rain who explicitly tried to make up for each others flaws.
- Molly and Galatea in The Inexplicable Adventures of Bob!; Molly is bubbly and optimistic, while Galatea is cynical and ambitious.
- Elan and Nale from The Order of the Stick. They even have opposite alignments (Elan is Chaotic Good, Nale is Lawful Evil).
- Oasis and Kusari in Sluggy Freelance. Kusari is emotionless and unfailingly loyal to Hereti-Corp. Oasis is an Ax-Crazy Yandere who kills all Hereti-Corp employees on sight.
- Angelika and Julie from Our Little Adventure. Julie is mature and responsible and Angelika is a nutcase.
- Jack and Louise from Miscellaneous Error. Jack is batscat nuts, and his younger sister Louise is more straitlaced and responsible.
- Elon and Myari of Ears for Elves, oh so much. Elon is cautious and methodical where Myari is impulsive and excitable.
- In Pacificators, we have the Sibling Team Taffe and Larima. Taffe is The Stoic, and very unmotivated about her job, whereas Larima is The Ditz who really, really loves being a Pacificator. So far, there's just really not much in common between them.
- Invoked in El Goonish Shive by Elliot's Opposite-Sex Clone, Ellen. Because she wants to break away from Elliot's person, she deliberately acts outgoing and flirty, while Elliot himself is reticent and prudish.
- In PreTeena, protagonist Teena is a good-hearted and cheery Tomboy. Her sister Jeri is a cold-hearted and moody Girly Girl. Teena also still wants to be a good student in school, while Jeri doesn't care about that anymore.
- It's complicated to explain the relationships of kids of Homestuck, but they seem to do this:
- Brunettes (John and Jade Guardians/Alpha counterparts Jake and Jane): Naive, Adorkable with Nerd Glasses, forthright, and Jumped at the Call. John and Jane live in the suburbs while Jade and Jake live on isolated islands. John, Jade, and Jane have like certain genres more than others (bad movies (unironically), furry art/anime, and comedy, respectively) while Jake loves all genres indiscriminately (but specially if they have blue-skinned space babes).
- Blondes (Rose and Dave Guardians/Alpha counterparts Roxy and Dirk): Cynical, slightly Anti-Hero with Cool Shades for the guys and Scarf Of Ass Kicking for the girls, Genre Savvy/Properly Paranoid. Rose is the hero of Light and dislikes alcohol at age 13 while Roxy is the hero of Void and is a 16-year-old Hard-Drinking Party Girl (this is later reversed: Roxy wants to be sober while Rose discovers the joys of drinking); Dirk is always awake (he's simultaneously awake in the real world and in the dream world) while Roxy is always intoxicated (she's drunk in the real world and sleepwalks in the dream world).
- Their guardians are also their ectobiological siblings, but the yin-yang shows up most in Rose/Roxy and Dave/Dirk, who are always wondering if their guardians are being ironic/sincere (Dave is ironic; Dirk is a little bit more sincere) and cruel/playful (probably not cruel but Rose thought her mother was playing a game of "passive-aggressive oneupsmanship" by doing over-the-top things like having a lavish funeral for her pet cat while Roxy, who'd never been to a funeral, genuinely wanted to see what one was like and it's probable as "Mom Lalonde" she felt the same), respectively.
- In as much as animal counterparts can be considered siblings: Bec is the "good dog, best friend" of his owner Jade while God Cat is owned by no one and seems much more ambiguous. They're the omnipotent guardians of the Earth, manipulators of sapient beings, and masters of a game that will create a new universe from the ashes of the present one — or would be if they weren't just animals with super powers. Well Bec definitely was, GCat's still a mystery.
- The Troll kids (who are siblings) do this with their ancestors and each other. For example Vriska likes to torture the child-like Tavros and while they're both considered losers their ancestors were a hugely successful pirate queen and an almost-successful messiah-figure.
- Since Strong Mad and Strong Bad of Homestar Runner were originally created based on a wrestling tag-team, they both have brash personalities. Their brother, Strong Sad, however, is creative, sensitive, and depressed.
- Zack and Wheezie of Dragon Tales are the Savvy Guy, Energetic Girl type. Not only that, but they are also two halves of a two-headed dragon.
- Sarah, a Tiny Tyrannical Girl with a Hair-Trigger Temper, and Ed, a Gentle Giant Ditz, in Ed, Edd n Eddy.
- Vicky, a complete sadist, and Tootie, a sweet if somewhat clingy girl, in The Fairly OddParents.
- In Family Guy, Chris is a Fat Idiot like his father, while Stewie is a Brainy Baby and Evil Genius. Meg has this with both of them, to some extent.
- PJ and Pistol on Goof Troop. PJ is rational, conciliatory, timid, and somewhat melancholy due to being emotionally abused. Pistol, on the other hand, is hyperactive, bratty, talkative, and very cheerful... which may be because she's spoiled. Strangely, episodes that play them as Satellite Characters to one of their parents show them agreeing surprisingly often.
- The Pines Twins of Gravity Falls. Dipper is The Smart Guy with a slight cynical side, while Mabel is outgoing and a Cloud Cuckoolander.
- Helga and Olga Pataki on Hey Arnold!. Neither one of them turned out too well due to their parents, but Helga is an angry Tsundere who bullies others, often unconsciously, but Olga is a perfectionist Stepford Smiler Nervous Wreck.
- Yin and Yang from the Histeria! episode "Return to China".
- Ang and Ling in Legend Of The Dragon. Ang is an easy-going, self-effacing hero, and Ling is an intense, ambitious Anti-Villain (later Anti-Hero). She even gets her powers from "the darkest Yin".
- Andy and Kevin French from Mission Hill, oh where do we begin? The former is a Street Smart slacker who is quite Genre Savvy and able to be quite brilliant on the fly when the scenario calls for it, all the while being a sarcastic snarker and complete womanizer. The latter is an absolute genius at academics but so socially inept and sheltered he can hardly fend for himself outside of the classroom, and an overly enthusiastic mommy's boy. Andy is openly an Ethical Slut but completely willing to leave a woman hanging just to look out for his brother, while the latter claims to be against anything even remotely sexual but is secretly enthralled by pornography.
- My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic:
- Princess Celestia and Princess Luna. Celestia, who controls the day, is gentle, motherly, and a bit mischievous, while Luna, who controls the night, is stern, overly formal, and a bit bad-tempered (as seen in "Luna Eclipsed"). That may be a side effect of being sealed in the moon for a thousand years, though.
- Pinkie Pie and her sister Maud. Pinkie's a brightly-colored Fun Personified ball of Attention Deficit... Ooh, Shiny! energy. Maud's a grey-colored, rock-obsessed Emotionless Girl.
- On Over the Garden Wall, Wirt is a shy Only Sane Man who occasional lapses into melodrama and despair, while his younger half-brother Greg is a kooky Cheerful Child who refuses to ever give up.
- Phineas and Ferb, in some ways, though their differences seem more complementary than opposed, given how close they are. (Technically they're stepbrothers, though even they never refer to themselves that way.)
- For that matter, either/both of them with their older sister Candace.
- The Daughter and the Son, from Star Wars: The Clone Wars are literal examples of this trope, as they are representing the Light and The Dark Side of the Force respectively.
- It is revealed as of "Lawless" that Satine and Bo-Katan are also this.
- This is played up with Mario and Luigi even more in the The Super Mario Bros. Super Show cartoons. In the SMB3 Bully and either Kooky or Big Mouth seem to fit the trope.
- Teen Titans:
- Several sibling pairs in The Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan: Stanley and Henry, Suzie and Anne, Anne and Tom.
- Huey and Riley in The Boondocks.
- The Legend of Korra
- Mako and Bolin grew up on the streets, but while Mako is a broody, dark, Troubled, but Cute firebender devoted to winning the probending league and protecting his little brother; the other's a boisterous, fun-loving, earthbending lady's man.
- Tenzin's daughters Ikki and Jinora. Jinora is a Cute Bookworm Shrinking Violet and the Girly Girl to Ikki's Motor Mouth, Genki Girl Tomboy personality.
- Tenzin has this relationship with his siblings Kya and Bumi. When they were children Tenzin was very serious while his siblings were rather rambunctious. In the present we've seen that Tenzin is serious (usually), bald, and monk-like while Bumi is "a wild man" in the armed forces of the United Republic with a head full of anime hair; meanwhile Kya is unmarried and traveled all over the world to "find herself" (which Tenzin saw as abandoning her family) while Tenzin settled down and had a large family. Tenzin and Kya are benders with a spiritual/healing, while Bumi is a Bad Ass Normal military man/walking disaster area.
- Bumi is like his father in his childhood: goofy, off-the-wall, and carefree. Tenzin is like his father in adulthood: serious, burdened with purpose, and a bit of a stick in the mud (recall Aang's consternation at Toph still calling him "Twinkle-toes" even in their forties).
- Between Korra's father Tonraq and her uncle Unalaq. The older brother, Unalaq is ambitious, focused on spiritual concerns, and feels driven to lead his people; while the younger brother, Tonraq is unambitious, focused on physical strength, and decidedly unspiritual.
- Lin and Suyin Bei Fong. Lin highly values law and order, never wanted childen and is generally very cold, serious and bitter. Suyin on the other hand was a teenage rebel, still does not like authority too much, but highly values family, having five children of her own, and appears to be rather warm and open towards other people.
- The Powerpuff Girls have Buttercup, a tough angry tomboy, and Bubbles, a gentle Girly Girl, who almost never gets mad. Blossom is somewhere between them personality-wise, but she also is the most intelligent one.
- Riley and Todd from The Replacements.
- Bart, a lazy delinquent, and Lisa, a socially-aware academic, in The Simpsons.
- Hank and Dean, the titular Venture Brothers, have grown to become this in later seasons. Dean is a nerdy, frail, non-confrontational Non-Action Guy who is being groomed for a career as a super scientist, while Hank is an underachiever and wannabe Action Hero.
- Yin Yang Yo:
- Carl and Herman, with Carl's magic and strategy being contrasted by Herman's muscle and brute force. "Dojo Alone" showed that, if they ever worked together, they'd be unstoppable, but they can't stand each other.
- Yin and Yang coping with each others' differences is quite a major part of the series. While Yin is studious, feminine, and a magic user, Yang is rather idiotic, rough, and prefers to use might over magic.
- Evangelyne and Cleophee in Wakfu. Eva is fits the Archer Archetype, while Cleo is more reckless and prefers hand-to-hand combat.