A worldwide literary classic (it's been translated into 190 languages), The Little Prince (Le Petit Prince in French) is a 1943 children's book written and illustrated by French aviator and count Antoine de Saint-Exupéry. It is the fictional account of a French aviator whose plane crashes in the Sahara desert, a thousand miles from civilization. While trying to fix his plane and expecting to die of thirst within days, he is approached by a young boy who requests that he draw him a sheep. The rest of the story is mostly about the boy (thereafter referred to as the little prince) relating to the narrator his life on an asteroid and his travels from planet to planet in search of the meaning of life. While the Prince talks, the narrator continues to work on his plane.
While the book was written for children, the philosophical content appeals to any adult reader, as during the prince's adventures he encounters analogues of many of the traits of modern humanity, and learns about love and friendship from the plants and animals he meets.
Adaptations have mostly been for the stage, but there's also a 1974 movie musical and a 1979 Claymation short. It also inspired an anime, a 2010 CGI cartoon airing on French TV, and a full-length animated movie in 2015.
Le Petit Prince provides examples of:
- Adults Are Useless: The story begins with the narrator telling us a story of his first attempts at drawing - and why he immediately gave up on it, as a big establishing metaphor on how adults lose their creative minds and imagination when they grow up, instead always wanting and expecting to be "reasonable and mature", but actually just being self-absorbed to the point of complete ridiculousness.
- Spending time with the little prince, the narrator realizes that he himself has lost his imagination and childlike joy just as well.
- Artistic License Astronomy: Perhaps a bit, um, petty to bring it up, but still...
- Author Avatar:
- The Narrator who meets the Little Prince.
- The Little Prince himself bears some resemblance to the author as a child.
- Alternative Foreign Theme Song: The theme song for the Japanese release of the film is titled "Kidzukazu Sugita Hatsukoi" by Yumi Matsutoya.
- The 1970s TV anime adaptation also got a different theme song when it was dubbed into English and shown during the '80s on Nickelodeon.
- Baby Planet: May be the Trope Codifier.
- Bittersweet Ending: And how. One of the most in all of children's literature.
- A Boy and His X: First a Boy and his Rose, later a Boy and his Fox. And don't forget the sheep!
- Canon Illustrations: Notably the sheep, the author's "drawing number 1" and "2", and the desert landscape in the epilogue.
- A Child Shall Lead Them: Not that he has a lot of subjects...
- Children Are Innocent: The Prince sees his love for his Rose as the only truly serious matter in his situation. This forces the Narrator to change his perspective.
- Circular Reasoning: The Prince meets a man with a drinking problem. Why does he drink? To forget. To forget what? His shame. What is he ashamed of? His drinking problem.
- Constantly Curious: The Prince is travelling partly to learn more about the world, and naturally he asks questions everywhere he goes.
- Cunning Like a Fox: Strangely, although the fox is very worldly-wise, it isn't cunning or even particularly self-interested.
- Dedication: The book is dedicated to Saint-Exupéry's friend, Léon Werth. The author then apologizes to his child readers for dedicating the book to a grownup and changes it to "Léon Werth - When he was a little boy".
- Drowning My Sorrows: One planet the Prince visits is inhabited by a Tippler caught in a vicious cycle; he claims he drinks to forget that he's ashamed of his drinking habit.
- Growing Up Sucks: "The grown-ups are certainly very odd..."
- Have a Gay Old Time: In Katherine Woods' translation: "What a queer planet!"
- Historical In-Joke: A reference is made to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his Westernization policies at one point.
- Honorary Prince: The little prince apparently do not have parents, and as far as we know he may be self-proclaimed. He's, with a rose, the only inhabitant of his Baby Planet, so it is justified he is the de facto ruler.
- Human Aliens: The prince himself hails from a far-away asteroid in the space, but looks otherwise fully human.
- Hypocrite: The little prince is Constantly Curious and will repeat a question as many times as he needs to get an answer, yet he ignores most questions directed at him.
- Love Hurts: Explored. Love makes a flower, a fox, a person - special. But it still hurts, and losing them hurts even more. You are forever responsible for what you've tamed.
- Ludicrous Precision: Before the invention of electricity, Earth is said to have had 462,511 lamplighters.
- Moonwalk Dance: The 1974 film version featured Bob Fosse as a snake doing a dance that is also considered a precursor to the Moonwalk. It helps that he is sporting an all black jacket, pants, and hat combo with a white shirt, much like MJ's later signature style.
- Nameless Narrative: None of the characters in the story have names, including the Narrator,note the rose, the fox and the title character.
- Names to Know in Anime: The 1978 TV anime on TV Asahi featured character designs by Yoshikazu Yasuhiko, who would shortly become much better known for Mobile Suit Gundam, as well as Eiji Tanaka, who had worked on Speed Racer.
- Numbered Homeworld: Asteroid B-612. The planets the prince visits are all numbered, as well.
- Planet of Hats:
- In fact, every planet the Prince visits is inhabited by a single person (except for Earth).
- The Geographer's planet is larger than the previous ones, but not much of it is seen, so we never learn if he is the only inhabitant. The King's planet may or may not have a rat on it.
- Playing Pictionary: The narrator explains how he once drew a picture of a snake that had swallowed an elephant, and all the adults told him it was a very nice hat. Makes sense if you look at the picture; the outline bears a distinct resemblance to a fedora.
- Real Life Writes the Plot: The book can be also seen as a stealth autobiography. It's based on the time Saint-Exupéry was stuck in the desert for months. See his other novel Wind Sand and Stars.
- Small, Secluded World: Most of the places he visits, played for symbolism.
- Snakes Are Sinister: Played with. The Snake is seen as evil by the narrator, but not by the Little Prince: "You have good poison? You are sure that it will not make me suffer too long?"
- Stepford Smiler: The Little Prince loves watching sunsets. Back on his home planet, he would walk around the asteroid with a little chair and sit down and watch as many sunsets as he could."One day," you said to me, "I saw the sunset forty-four times!"
And a little later you added:
"You know— one loves the sunset, when one is so sad..."
"Were you so sad, then?" I asked, "on the day of the forty-four sunsets?"
But the little prince made no reply.
- Walking the Earth: More like traveling through the stars.
- The Wise Prince: This is an interesting case of this, since the only person under his command is a flower, and while he knows a lot about life in the sky, he's rather inexperienced outside of his kingdom. He does hit the melancholy, kind, honourable, and well-intentioned markers face first, and his inexperience is minimal compared to the various adults.