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International Co Production
Shows or dramas that are produced by two production companies, each in different countries.
Especially in the most recent decades, an animated TV show has always been produced by at least two studios in some way, since animation is expensive and labor-intensive.
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- Afro Samurai — Written and animated by Studio Gonzo (Japan); cast, produced and distributed by Funimation Entertainment (USA)
- The Animatrix — Features nine segments across which animation, writing and directing duties are handled by American, Korean, and (mostly) Japanese talent.
- Like Torchwood, the first Bakugan Battle Brawlers series was a fully Japanese production (TMS Entertainment and Japan Vistec along with SEGA TOYS Co.), but follow-up series New Vestroia and Gundalian Invaders were made in conjunction with North American licensors Nelvana Enterprises and Spin Master (both Canadian), due to the fact that the original series was far more popular in Canada and the US than it was in Japan and the local numbers weren't good enough to warrant a follow-up.
- The Big O Season 2 — Animated by Sunrise, produced by Cartoon Network.
- Dead Leaves — Made by Production I.G. (Japan) and Studio Gainax (Japan), and produced by Manga Entertainment (UK/USA)
- Ghost in the Shell (1995 film) — Made by Production I.G. (Japan) and produced by Manga Entertainment (UK/USA)
- Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex - Made by Production I.G. (Japan) and produced by Manga Entertainment (UK/USA) and Bandai Entertainment USA.
- Guyver - The 2006 TV series was a collaboration between Kadokawa Shoten (Japan) and ADV Films (US)
- Halo Legends — USA/Japan co-op like Batman Gotham Knight note
- Mass Effect Paragon Lost: —USA/Japan/Canada Production with FUNimation and Production I.G.
- Maya the Bee — Produced in Germany by ZDF and Taurus Film, in Austria by Apollo Film, and in Japan by Zuiyo Enterprise/Nippon Animation. A similar trinational arrangement produced Vicky the Viking.
- Miraculous Ladybug — France/Japan (Toei Animation)
- The Mysterious Cities of Gold — France (DiC)/Japan (N.H.K., Studio Pierrot)
- Ōban Star-Racers — France/Japan
- Rurouni Kenshin Seisohen, a.k.a. Samurai X: Reflections — Made by Studio DEEN (Japan); produced by ADV Films (USA)
- The anime of Samurai Gun was co-financed by ADV Films.
- Spider Riders — Made with Bee Train, TV Tokyo and Yomiko Advertising in Japan and Cookie Jar Entertainment in Canada.
- Tekkon Kinkreet: Animated by Studio 4░C (Japan), directed by an American living in Japan, and scored by British rock band Plaid.
- Ulysses 31 — a collaboration between DiC and TMS.
- The ValÚrian and Laureline animated series — France/Japan
- All Yu-Gi-Oh! films and series after the first two have been funded/produced by 4KidsEntertainment
- The third season of Sonic X was also funded and produced by 4Kids.
Films — Animation
Films — Live-Action
- Many major studios now often have at least monetary coproduction with China, mainly so that, well, the films will be far less likely to be Banned in China.
- The Harry Potter films — USA (Warner Bros. and, for a time, 1492 Pictures)/UK (Heyday Films). 1492 Pictures is Chris Columbus's own production company, which left the series when he did. Heyday Films is David Heyman's production company. The second film added in a German company, MIRACLE Productions GmbH & Co. KG, which never did anything else.
- King Kong Escapes was co-produced by Rankin/Bass Productions (US) and Toho (Japan).
- Memoirs of a Teenage Amnesiac - filmed in Japan, based on the American novel of the same name, involves both Japanese and American talents.
- Mongol — A collaboration between Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, and Germany, with a significant amount of filming done in China.
- Paris Je Taime — Features segments by filmmakers from around the world, including France, Mexico, the USA, England, and Japan.
- The Third Man was a British movie largely filmed in Austria with David O. Selznick as an uncredited American co-producer.
- The Three Musketeers (2011) — A co-production between the UK, Germany and France, with talent from all three countries (along with American Logan Lerman in the lead).
- Similar with Inglourious Basterds, shot in the same studio (Babelsberg), which was a German/American co-production.
- Tora! Tora! Tora!, co-production between 20th Century Fox (USA) and Toei Company. Ltd (Japan).
- You Only Live Twice, produced by Eon Productions (UK), made extensive use of studio facilities and contract artists from Toho (Japan).
- Battlestar Galactica (Reimagined) — co-produced by the Sci Fi Channel and Sky TV, and filmed in Canada. Sky TV only actually co-produced the first season but their name is still in the credits because the show still uses sets that Sky built during season 1.
- BIMA Satria Garuda — A toku series produced by MNC Group, RCTI (both from Indonesia, the latter being the channel that airs it) and Ishinomori Productions (Japan), with merchandising provided and sold by Bandai (Japan).
- Charlie Jade— co-produced by the Canadian CHUM Television and the South African Industrial Development Corporation.
- Defying Gravity — Canada/USA/UK/Germany.
- Doctor Who
- The early seasons of the new series are technically a CBC (Canada) production as well as a BBC (Wales) one; the leak of "Rose" came from a CBC employee. However, the closing credits in the UK only referenced them during Series 3 and "The Runaway Bride".
- The 1996 television movie was a co-production between the BBC and Universal.
- Because of major location filming in America, the two-parter "The Impossible Astronaut"/"Day of the Moon" is listed as a BBC America/BBC Wales co-production instead of just a BBC Wales production at the end of the closing credits.
- Dragons: A Fantasy Made Real: Britain/USA
- Farscape — USA/Australia
- Five Days — produced by HBO Films and the BBC. Set in South Hertfordshire.
- Foreign Exchange — Filmed On Location in both Ireland and Australia.
- Friends (not the American sitcom) was a Japanese/South Korean dorama filmed in both countries.
- The Grid — set and filmed on both sides of the Atlantic.
- Highlander was French and Canadian, hence the setting shifting between Seacouver (filmed in Vancouver) and Paris.
- Jason and The Heroes of Mount Olympus was a France/US co-production. And there will be no page for that show, until it is released in some form. So far, only some of the episodes are available on YouTube.
- K9 is a co-production between Jetix Europe and Network 10 (Australia). As it is part of the Whoniverse, it can also be said to be influenced, if not co-produced, by the BBC.
- Lexx— A Canadian and German co-production with additional funding from Britain.
- The Muppet Show — a show featuring American puppeteers, filmed at and produced by an ITV station in the UK.
- Mythbusters — USA/Australia
- MythQuest: Filmed in Canada, but two German production studios were responsible for special effects.
- Power Rangers — A co-production of the Toei Company in Japan (for the Super Sentai source footage, costumes and concepts), Saban Entertainment/Saban Brands (for the seasons between Power Rangers Wild Force and Power Rangers RPM, make this Disney, under the name of BVS Entertainment) in the United States, and in the later seasons, Village Roadshow Productions (Ranger Productions subsididary) from New Zealand.
- Psych is made mostly by Americans but is filmed mostly in Vancouver, British Columbia.
- Rome is co-produced by HBO and the BBC.
- Sesame Street is adapted internationally this way with dubbing, either alone or combined with original live action footage. The Israeli and American teams also collaborated to produce a series about Western Jewish culture.
- She-Wolf of London: UK/US. It was moved to Los Angeles and retitled Love And Curses when the UK producers pulled their funding.
- Shoebox Zoo was a co-production between BBC Scotland and a Canadian company.
- By definition, everything produced by 19 Entertainment and BBC America qualifies.
- Spellbinder Australia/Poland in season 1. Australia/Poland/China in season 2.
- Strike Back was a British production in the first season, but became a US/UK coproduction with Sky/Cinemax from the second season onward.
- While the first three seasons of Torchwood were 100% BBC productions, the fourth is a co-production between the BBC and the American Starz Entertainment.
- The Worst Witch (TV series) was co-produced with HTV (a UK company) and Gala Films (a Canadian company).
- Series/The4400 - US/UK co-porduction between CBS and Sky.
- Any video game for which a publisher outsources development to a studio in a different country - which is many these days.
- Donkey Kong Country is a famous example, being developed by British firm Rare, but based on a Japanese Nintendo character. Later games in the series are developed by the American Retro Studios. Donkey Kong Country: Tropical Freeze is a three-way co-production, still being developed by Retro Studios with music by David Wise, a former Rare employee.
- LJN Toys, notorious US publisher of Licensed Games, contracted the development of about half of them to Atlus, who then subcontracted a lot of the work to other Japanese companies. LJN's non-Japanese-developed games went out to Rare (UK), Software Creations (UK) or Beam Software (Australia).
- Star Fox 1 and a few other Nintendo games of the 1990s were co-developed by Argonaut Software (UK).
- Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes — co-production between Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (take a guess) and Silicon Knights (Canadian)
- All games by Retro Studios (USA) so far were done in collaboration with Nintendo EAD (Japan).
- Many Rockstar Games, due to the company having various studios in Europe and the USA
- Spectrobes: USA/Japan
- Sonic the Hedgehog 2 — Japan/USA, with the team collaborating in California.
- Some other Sonic games have been developed by Traveller's Tales and Sumo Digital in the U.K.
- Silent Hill: Homecoming — Developed by Double Helix Studios (USA); produced, scored and published by Konami Computer Entertainment (Japan)
- Silent Hill Origins and Silent Hill: Shattered Memories — Developed by Climax Group (UK); scored and published by Konami (Japan)
- Shantae: Half-Genie Hero is co-developed by WayForward Technologies (USA) and Inti Creates (Japan).
- Sine Mora is co-developed by Grasshopper Manufacture (Japan) and Digital Reality (Hungary).
- The Ecco The Dolphin games, along with Kolibri and Three Dirty Dwarves, were produced by Sega of America and developed by Novotrade International/Appaloosa Interactive (Hungary, though they later opened an American branch office).
- Gundam 0079: The War For Earth was developed by American company Presto Studio and produced and supervised by Sunrise (Japan).
- The Top Gear series of Racing Games was developed by Gremlin Graphics (UK) and produced by Kemco (Japan).
- Animal Crackers and Mona the Vampire were both co-productions between Alphanim (France) and Cinar (Canada), with the latter series involving other French companies as well.
- The Beatles was done by King Features (USA), TVC (UK), and Artransa Park Studios (Australia)
- Bionic Six — TMS with MCA/Universal and Intermedia International
- Bob And Margaret — Starting in season 3, the show became a co-production between Nelvana and Philippine Animation Studio Inc.
- Most Hanna-Barbera cartoons from the mid-eighties to early nineties (Challenge Of The Go Bots, A Pup Named Scooby-Doo and the later seasons of The Smurfs, for instance) were often co-produced between them, Wang/Cuckoo's Nest, Toei Animation and/or Fil-Cartoons.
- Huntik: Secrets & Seekers — An Italian/American co-production which, for some reason, premieres in the UK.
- Inspector Gadget — Co-Production between DiC (US and France), LBS (US), Nelvana (Canada; season 1 only), TMS (Japan) and Wang Film Productions/Cuckoo's Nest (Taiwan; credited as the latter only).
- Mighty Orbots — TMS with ABC and MGM
- Mike, Lu & Og — Co-production between the USA (stories, voices and post-production), Russia (designs, storyboards and layouts) and Korea (animation).
- Mike The Knight is a British/American co-production.
- Sea Princesses — An Australian/Brazilian/Spanish co-production.
- Visionaries — TMS with Hasbro and Sunbow