Film: Joyeux NoŽl

Joyeux NoŽl (Merry Christmas) is a 2005 film depicting the Real Life Christmas Truce of 1914, in the first year of World War I.

The film begins with French, English and German school boys reciting xenophobic, jingoistic war poems:

French boy:
Child, upon these maps do heed this black stain to be effaced
Omitting it, you would proceed yet better it in red to trace
Later, whatever may come to pass promise there to go you must to fetch the children of Alsace
Reaching out their arms to us
May in our fondest France Hope's green saplings to branch
And in you, dear child, flower
Grow, grow, France awaits its hour.

British boy:
To rid the map of every trace
Of Germany and of the Hun
We must exterminate that race
We must not leave a single one
Heed not their children's cries
Best slay all now, the women, too
Or else someday again they'll rise
Which, if they're dead, they cannot do.

German boy:
We have one and only enemy
Who digs the grave of Germany
Its heart replete with hatred, gall and envy
We have one and only enemy
The villain raises its murderous hand
Its name, you know, is England.

Hearing such words from the mouths of children is of course horrible, explicitly showing us how the war developed on ethnic and national rivalries or hatred. The film proceeds, introducing us to its British, French and German characters who join up as the war breaks out. William and Jonathan, two Scottish brothers, along with their priest, Father Palmer, who joins as a chaplain, French Lieutenant Audebert and German tenor Nikolaus Sprink who is engaged to a Danish soprano, Anna SÝrensen, reluctant to see him go. The characters are sent to the Western Front and face each other in the trenches.

On Christmas Eve, all sides decide to call a truce. Father Palmer presides over a service, Nikolaus and Anna sing carols, a football match is played, and soldiers from all sides share food and photos of their loved ones. However, when news of the fraternization across lines begins to leak out, the commanders worry that it could hamper the war effort, and take extreme measures to put a stop to the fragile peace.


  • Badass Preacher: While he was as a stretcher bearer and not a soldier, Father Palmer was undeniably Badass. He went into no man's land twice to save someone's life without a thought.
    • Truth in Television: Stretcher bearers often were the most badass men of the unit and often suffered the highest casualties because their job was to take injured men out of battle to the back line for treatment. While it was illegal to intentionally fire on them, they carried no weapons and were often victims of artillery fire.
  • Bilingual Dialogue: And occasionally Trilingual Dialogue.
  • Bitter Sweet Ending: Every unit is reprimanded for their fraternization and are all split up to fight in new areas, but the Germans singing in the train at the end proves that they will never forget the humanity they showed their enemies.
  • Bling of War: In particular, the French.
  • Brave Scot: Well, naturally. Special mention to Father Palmer, who doesn't quite fit the stereotype (being a non-combatant), but is nonetheless incredibly courageous in his efforts to save wounded soldiers and bringing a few days' peace to the battlefield.
  • Chekhov's Gun: The Clock, Lieutenant Audebert's sketchbook, and the song the Scots taught the Germans.
  • Children Are Innocent: Subverted in the opening scenes mentioned above, when French, British and German children are shown reciting extremely xenophobic, warmongering poems (although it's not really their fault).
  • Christianity Is Catholic: Considering that Presbyterianism is the predominant Christian denomination in Scotland, it's a little odd that all the clergy who appear in the film are Roman Catholics.
    • Justified with the Scots, as they're from the Highlands, an area of Scotland that remains largely Catholic.
    • Somewhat justified in that most French and many Germans are Catholic and they would know what to do in a Catholic mass, although, in this case, the German lieutenant is Jewish.
  • Christmas Miracle
  • Cold Sniper: Jonathan.
  • Cute Kitten: The Germans and the French use a cat to send messages back and forth across the lines.
    • Which perhaps ends badly for all involved. General Audebert, the French lieutenant's father, tells his son at the end of the movie that the cat has been found guilty of espionage and sentenced to death, with a very serious face (this was based on a real incident, and the cat was shot). This might count as a Shoot The Cat moment, along with the scene where the German Kronprinz crushes the harmonica featured prominently when everyone was singing Christmas carols.
  • Deliberate Values Dissonance: Lots of the expected political incorrectness all around. Most of it comes off as harmless banter, except of course for the Kronprinz's antisemitism...
  • Dressing as the Enemy: Private Ponchel, Lieutenant Audebert's orderly. It ends badly.
  • A Father to His Men: All three lieutenants, to some extent, but Audebert is the most obvious example. He is determined to stay alongside his men even during the most suicidal offensives, he is always polite to his subordinates, and twice he cradles a fallen soldier.
  • Foregone Conclusion: None of the characters are very likely to survive the carnage of the next four years, but in particular, Horstmayer is Jewish. And in what appears to be a thinly-veiled allusion to his eventual fate should he survive the war, the last scene of the film shows the Kronprinz, a future Nazi sympathiser, apparently making an anti-Semitic comment before sending Horstmayer and his men to Eastern Europe in cattle cars. Yeah.
    • Whether the Kronprinz was to become an actual Nazi sympathiser is a bit questionable. Many German monarchists and right-wingers would side with the Nazis in 1920s, as he did, only to violently oppose them in the 1930s and 1940s-including the plotters of the July 20th Incident. It is known that both the Kronprinz and the former Kaiser were appalled by the violent antisemitism of the Nazis by 1930s, and furthermore, in the movie itself, the Kronprinz makes no explicit mention of Horstmayer's Jewishness, at least in the US version of the film, only that Horstmayer is undeserving of the medal that he wears.
  • Fore Shadowing: Johnathan's frequent Traitor Shots and Sanity Slippage shots make it all the more logical that he's the one who guns down the French Lieutenant's orderly.
  • Friendly Enemy / Go-Karting with Bowser: Sort of the whole point.
  • Germanic Depressives: Lieutenant Horstmayer is a strict and by-the-book figure, who sees the Kaiser's Christmas trees and Anna's presence as frivolous annoyances.
  • Got Volunteered: Sprink mentions this specifically, but most of the other soldiers qualify as well.
  • Heel Realization: The French Lieutenant when he tells his father "I feel closer to these 'monsters' than any man who says ''death to krauts!" over a stuffed turkey."
  • Heroic BSOD: Jonathan when his brother dies.
  • Insignia Rip-Off Ritual: Subverted. The Kronprinz just pokes his cane at it.
  • Ironic Juxtaposition: Dramatic example. After the mass, with Christmas spirits running high, Nikolaus and Anna settle down to sleep, embracing happily beneath a blanket in the trenches. Cut to Jonathan lying in the snow, holding his dead brother.
  • Kickthe Dog: Or, crush the harmonica under the boot, by the Kronprinz as he dresses down the German soldiers who are being reassigned to the Eastern Front.
    • And when the French general, who is also the French lieutenant's father, reveals that the cat was caught with a message from the Germans and has been found guilty of treason.
  • Magic Music: Of a sort. Sprink's singing certainly casts a spell.
  • Man in a Kilt: Quite a few of the Royal Scots Fusiliers.
  • Manly Tears: Many are shed, not only by the characters, but the audience as well.
  • The Mean Brit: The Royal Scots Fusiliers Major is a bad-tempered tyrant who at one point berates Father Palmer for his efforts to rescue a wounded soldier.
  • Mistaken Nationality: When Nikolaus goes "over the top" singing Adeste Fideles, he finishes by calling out, "Guten Abend Englšnder!", to which an amused Scot replies, "Good evening, Germans. But we're not English, we're Scottish!"
    • The ch‚telains assume that Danish Anna is German. To be fair, she does initially address them in German, before switching to French. And the actress is German.
  • Not So Different: People on all sides show this as they celebrate the holidays together.
  • "The Reason You Suck" Speech: One of these is given to each of the commanders of each army. Not a single one of 'em does anything but show how foolish and out of touch the high command is, and how messed up the war, and by extension all war, is.
    • Pet the Dog: One of the figures of high command ( Audebert's father), ends up accepting that he and his son's view differ on the matter and, when learning that he has a grandson now, says "Let's both try to survive the war for his sake."
  • Reassigned to Antarctica: When word gets out, the French, German and Scottish soldiers are split up and sent elsewhere.
  • Reality Is Unrealistic: Many said the sermon by the Scots Catholic bishop was "unreal" and "over the top." In fact it was taken from a real sermon, though by an Anglican bishop in Westminster Abbey. That actually makes it worse, as far more heard it. Here is the sermon, read it and weep:
    Bishop: "Christ our Lord said, 'Think not that I come to bring peace on earth. I come not to bring peace, but a sword.' The Gospel according to St. Matthew. Well, my brethren, the sword of the Lord is in your hands. You are the very defenders of civilization itself. The forces of good against the forces of evil. For this war is indeed a crusade! A holy war to save the freedom of the world. In truth I tell you: the Germans do not act like us, neither do they think like us, for they are not, like us, children of God. Are those who shell cities populated only by civilians the children of God? Are those who advanced armed hiding behind women and children the children of God? With God's help, you must kill the Germans, good or bad, young or old. Kill every one of them so that it won't have to be done again. The Lord be with you."
    All: "And also with you."
    Bishop: "May God Almighty bless you. The Father, the Son, the Holy Ghost. Amen."
    All: "Amen."
  • Screw Destiny: More of a "screw the church," but Father Palmer definitely has this after he overhears the above sermon, leaving his cross on a stand as he walks out the door.
  • Screw the War, We're Partying!: A heartwarming example.
  • Sinister Minister: The aforementioned bishop.
  • The Smurfette Principle: Quite Justified by the setting.
  • Spirited Young Lady: Anna.
  • Switch to English: Whenever the three lieutenants speak with each other.Justified as English is the only language the three men have in common.
  • That's an Order: Several times.
  • Truce Zone
  • Unfriendly Fire
  • Vomit Discretion Shot: Audebert gets one in his first scene, when he vomits out of fear before leading his men over the top towards a torrent of German machine-gun fire.
  • War Is Hell