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Extreme Speculative Stratification

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"Your [Cyberpunk game] should have staggering contrasts. In the glittering citadels of the rich there should be fine food, expensive vices, and beautiful scenery. On The Street, things should be cold, hungry, and desperate. There’s no middle ground between the haves and have-nots. It’s all or nothing."
Cyberpunk Red core book

Although the world today is plagued with poverty and social injustices, the average quality of life has improved gradually throughout history. Even the very poor in the present world are usually better off than peasants a few hundred years ago, and enjoy vastly better resources and life expectancy than primitive hunter-gatherers.

Writers of speculative fiction often suppose that in the distant future, this trend will continue, and imagine utopian societies of ultimate equality where everyone has unlimited access to at least their basic needs. But what if something went wrong? What if the ruling class hoarded the best goods for themselves, leaving the rest of civilization in a state reminiscent of the dark ages? Whether because of Fantastic Racism, obstructive social policies, or just overblown greed, a high-class elite lives in sumptuous luxury, while everyone else scrapes through abject poverty, with a tiny or nonexistent middle class? This can happen either in futuristic settings or fantastical ones, where it's likely tied to The Magocracy, with magic-users enjoying the fruits of their abilities and denying them to others. Either way, the crux is that society has the means to provide for everyone, but fails or refuses to do so.

Cities are naturally arranged by Urban Segregation, and not uncommonly become a Layered Metropolis, the rich on top and poor below. In extreme cases, the elite will be of a different race or species, regarding themselves as superior, and may even sequester themselves on a floating city or continent, the better to separate themselves from the rest.

In such a setting, the protagonists will almost certainly be members of the lower class striving to redress the imbalance, probably by leading a revolution against the elites. If they succeed, in a cynical work they may find themselves occupying the high position, while the system of inequality endures. If any good elites are shown, they'll be a Defector from Decadence also trying to improve matters.

Kill the Poor and Eat the Rich both tend to crop up in these cases. Related to Feudal Future. May also involve a Fantastic Caste System, with the lower class explicitly being a Slave Race.

No Real Life examples, please.


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    Anime and Manga 
  • The Irregular at Magic High School: Earth is mostly normal except for the national tensions caused by magicians' existence. Governments are so desperate to keep the magicians they have from emigrating or having weak descendants that they are encouraged to socialize only with other magicians and unofficially above the law. In fact, many magicians are — knowingly or not — bioengineered clones of "real" people, created to serve their commissioners like slaves.
  • Kiddy Grade: In the future, the rich (who call themselves "Nobles"; with their ability to purchase entire planets to live on) literally treat those humans who are not as rich as a sub-species; going to such measures as wearing environmental suits so they won't breathe the same air as the poor (an issue which is mentioned in the series has led to the Nobles to have weaker immune systems); make indentured servitude to the Nobles' companies a standard of life on many planets and try to fund a terrorist conspiracy which will destroy the hyperspace lanes, leaving all of the planets of the poor (who cannot afford Faster Than Light drives of their own) to be cut off from the rest of the galaxy and quite possibly die off.
  • Kill la Kill: Honnouji Academy has harshly separate, but socially mobile castes as part of its extreme approach to meritocracy. Most students are "no-stars", who live in a shantytown around the base of the academy. If they distinguish themselves in some way (usually by joining a club), they're given one-star uniforms and live in conditions comparable to the upper middle class. Two-stars, club captains and other members of the Absurdly Powerful Student Council, have Big Fancy Houses near the top of the facility, while the handful of Three-stars and the student council president live in the massive complex on top of the Academy.
  • Last Exile:
    • The Guild are the ruling class of the planet who live in spectacular structures above the clouds and jealously preserve their advanced technology for their own use alone. The people living on the actual planet, on the continents of Anatoray and Disith, are forced to war with one another for control of the small (and thanks to the Guild's carelessness, shrinking) habitable areas. The Guild occasionally lends them weaponry to keep the war going, as they regard it as a source of entertainment. Only by the end of the story we learn that their world, Presteir, isn't actually a planet, but a giant space habitat built for evacuation of the Earth's population when the planet was hit by an uncertain cataclysm, and the Guild are essentially descendants of the transport spaceship crew, with the rest being the transported colonists.
    • Last Exile: Fam, the Silver Wing deals with the conflicts on the repopulated Earth, where the people who remained and weathered the cataclysm the hard way are understandably wary of the returning Exiles, who compete for the not-so-abundant resources with the Guild (who still managed to remain influential) and stir the unrest further even there. Ironically, the cast of the original, who managed to reintegrate the Guildsmen into the wider society and thus wield their advanced knowledge and tech, are seen as the one of the most powerful factions in the story, while the larger Guild views them as dangerous rebels and rabble-rousers.
  • Psycho-Pass is a non-monetary example, where those who are selected to join the ruling caste and gain complete control of the country are required to have an extremely high sociopathy rating note . They decide who lives or dies, regularly killing the innocent when they pose a threat to exposing the system.
  • Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann: The Beastmen live in the high-tech city of Teppelin under the rule of the Spiral King, while humans are forced to eke out an existence Beneath the Earth. The Spiral King maintains this to appease his masters, the Anti-Spiral, who want to keep humans from advancing because they are a Spiral race, and the awakening of Spiral Power could destroy the universe.

    Comic Books 
  • Lazarus: After an economic collapse and environmental problems, a small number of families have feudal control over the whole Earth, with a minority of slightly privileged serfs and most of the human race being abandoned as "waste".

  • Elysium takes the "White Flight Syndrome" social phenomenon and boosts it: the titular space station is essentially a suburb/man-made country for the hyper-rich to which they have moved to; leaving the increasingly-Crapsack World that is Earth (with its immense levels of overpopulated poor) to rot.
  • Metropolis (1927) gives an early example, criticizing the trends of wealth accumulation and industrial dehumanization evident in the 1920s, and probably the Ur-Example of the Layered Metropolis. The ruling elite live like a sort of almost feudal nobility in the highest towers, in beautiful environments offering every educational and recreational opportunity. The deracinated prole workers, meanwhile, dwell in clockwork-orderly underground cities and wear drab uniforms, shambling about in "time-and-motion" lock-step and answering to service numbers rather than family names. In between, there is a middle class of professionals whose lives are fairly comfortable — but totally dependent on the goodwill of their elite masters, who can demote them to prole status on a whim.
  • The Platform is Cube on this trope; a vertical prison where the only way out is through a hole in the center of each cell. Every day, a buffet of extremely perishable food slowly descends on the titular Platform through the hole, which is greedily gobbled up by those on the higher floors and brought to table scraps near level 200. Attempts to find a long-term solution, like squirreling away food, are punished with death. Worst of all, sociopathic actions (especially murder) are rewarded with higher levels, meaning those who waste or outright destroy food to spite the remaining prisoners are always given the most access to the food first, ensuring the lower levels are always starving.

  • The Caves of Steel: Earth is an overpopulated, poor planet with resources running out, and forced to implement Population Control, life in megacities, synthetic food products and a Fantastic Caste System in order to survive. It is surrounded by fifty Spacer worlds; wealthy, low population, dozens of robotic servants per person...
  • Existence has the mid-21st century world stratified into ten "estates" based on wealth, with the first estate controlling by far the majority of the world's wealth despite comprising a very small fraction of a percentage of the population and acting like aristocrats.
  • Mistborn: The Original Trilogy: The Skaa are a Slave Race who make up most of the population, live in slums, and are regularly abused if not casually murdered by the nobility, who regard them as subhuman.
  • Myst: The Terahnee, seen in the tie-in novel The Book of D'ni, take the cake for pointless malice. They're the descendants of the Ronay, who invented the ability to create Portal Books to any imaginable world. With this capability, they have unlimited access to land and resources, and indeed among their own kind even the very poor live in huge mansions, control land the size of a small country, barely work and spend most of their time in pursuit of the arts or playing extravagant games. However, the Terahnee decided that, with unlimited access to natural resources, the power source of their civilization should be slave labor. Because they see themselves as superior to other races, they enslave them and force them to work in backbreaking labor until death, while being carefully trained to never make a sound or be seen by their masters. In fact, the Terahnee consider themselves so superior to others that they're psychologically conditioned not to see other races. When a Terahnee first encounters the D'Ni the first thing he asks is: "Can I see you?".
  • Myth Adventures has the people of Jahk, one of reality's many dimensions. As the name suggests, they're very much into sports to the point of enshrining it as the most important aspect of culture. However, they're also heavily divided - most of them are fans, who are either fat or painfully thin, and prone to wearing team body paint and other fandom shenanigans. The athletes, on the other hand, are enormous Dumb Muscle brutes who are nonetheless idolized. (In the same series, Trolls also exhibit Sexy Dimorphism, so perhaps dimensions being radically divided is just a common occurence in that universe.)
  • The Naked Sun introduces a planet that boasts an absence of social inequality due to a population of only twenty thousand people served upon by ten thousand times as many robots. There is a lot of Fantastic Racism on both sides, and it is stated outright that unless something is done, the tensions will lead to Earth's population being wiped out within the century.
  • Nineteen Eighty-Four is probably one of the Trope Codifiers: the proles, who make up most of the population, are manual laborers with no privilege who live short and brutal lives, while party members get all the perks. Ironically, the proles are neither subject to the totalitarian control mandatory to the Outer Party members,note  nor have to deal with the brutal power plays of the Inner Party, and are basically ignored by the ruling class except for some minimal supervision. As the local slogan goes, "Proles and animals are free".
  • The Time Machine is one of the Trope Codifiers: in the distant future humanity has split into two groups, the Eloi (childlike humanoids who live an idyllic life on the lush surface and are the descendants of the rich) and the Morlocks (bestial people who dwell Beneath the Earth, provide food and clothes for the Eloi, and who are the descendants of laborers who were forced to remain there). The twist is that the Morlocks (at least by now) aren't a Slave Race, they're raising the Eloi as their cattle.

    Live-Action TV 
  • Star Trek: The Original Series: Ardanan society is sharply divided between the elite residents of the "cloud city" Stratos and the "troglyte" miners on the almost-uninhabitable surface.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Cyberpunk: Due to the corporate control over governments and heavy use of automated/AI production, the richest can hoard their money very easily while also sabotaging any upstarts who try to be upwardly mobile. Most rich people go their whole lives without leaving guarded offices and gated communities, and the only "trickling down" of wealth is when they hire poor people to perform illegal sabotage against corporate rivals (which is where the PCs come in). One sourcebook, Home of the Brave, gives the economic breakdown of 2020 America as follows: 10% wealthy, 15% middle class, 10% "poverty borderline", 65% squalid misery.
  • Warhammer 40,000: Hive Cities are homes to millions if not billions of people, who are richer the further up you go. Since hives are often the only habitable places on a Death World, the richest live in the upper atmosphere that's actually breathable, while the poorest have to fight off mutants, giant spiders and each other, feeding off the waste that gets dumped from higher strata. Unsurprisingly, the Imperial Guard recruits heavily from the scavenger population, since surviving to adulthood is no easy feat (and often teaches other useful skills, like scrounging or a highly-developed sense of 3D direction).
  • Warhammer Fantasy: Bretonnia (Arthurian Legend meets The Dung Ages) is essentially divided into two groups: nobility and peasants (which in Bretonnia means "anyone whose grandparents were not all nobles"). The first are feudal overlords with their hands full dealing with orcs, Chaos and their neighbors encroaching, the second are stereotyped as illiterate, inbred Cannon Fodder whose only hope for social advancement is to join their lord's army as a bowman. There is a small "middle class" of merchants, skilled craftsmen and the like, but legally, they are non-distinct from their farmer brethren, and all treated by nobles as worth less than the muck under their boots. Note that some merchants actually take advantage of their status to get filthy rich (Bretonnian taxes are cripplingly high but calculated based on production, i.e. crops and manufactured goods, and merchants don't actually produce anything...), and actively fight any attempt to improve the lot of the peasant class.

    Video Games 
  • Children Of Zodiark: The nobles care little about the poor other than the occasional exotic slave to go with their other exotic animals, while the poor have been driven insane with poverty and resort to mass-murder or cannibalism. The protagonists are said mass-murderers.
  • Chrono Trigger: The Kingdom of Zeal, occupying the era of 12,000 BC, has a populace of elites inhabiting Floating Continents festooned with Crystal Spires and Togas, and use their powerful magic to make an easy life, while the "earthbound" without magic are forced to wear rags and live in caves. Things used to be more fair, until Queen Zeal rose to power and rearranged society around the worship of magic and its ultimate source, Lavos. They got their comeuppance, though: trying to use Lavos as a power source proved not to be a good idea and Zeal was sent crashing into the ocean (though the Queen got away physically unscathed and continued worshiping Lavos).
  • Cyberpunk 2077 is all about Mega-Corporations lording over billions of starved, mentally ill civilians stuck cleaning up their messes. Advertisements are plastered everywhere in the city for processed food, mountains of trash surround and entrap the outskirts, gangs are frequently paid to wreak havoc and prevent communities from healing, pets are illegal to own by the poor, and corporate environments have turned into a dog-eat-dog tribal culture where being anything less than a Nazi to test subjects is grounds for assassination. While any one corporation could easily fix Night City with their oodles of gold-plated noodles, all corporate interests are fixated on finding ways to control what remains - the minds of the citizens who can't ever harm them - by inventing new techniques for brainwashing and outright mind-overwriting.
  • Deponia: In the backstory, the elite population founded a floating city called Elysium and emigrated there en masse, leaving the poor to wallow in their waste on what quickly became a trash planet. After generations of separation, the Elysians became convinced that no life could survive on Deponia and planned to blow it up.
  • Hiveswap: In the most visual example of the stratification between the castes thus far, each successive train car in Act 2 gets progressively fancier and fancier, just to show how great the social and wealth divide is between the castes.
    • The Burgundy and Bronze car is positively filthy and vastly overcrowded, to the point Joey and Xefros are unable to get themselves a seat, and other Trolls in the car can be seen crowded together on the seats, or even resorting to other options like standing, sitting on the floor, or even hanging out in the overhead luggage net. The one bathroom in the car is filthy, and it's mentioned cleaning drones rarely make their way back to clean it.
    • The Gold and Olive car is at the very least cleaner, although clearly not as fancy. Here Trolls aren't crowded together like sardines and each have their own seat, it looks much cleaner than the preceding car, and the car's bathroom doesn't look like an outhouse toilet.
    • The Jade and Teal Car looks more like a lounge or a comfortable sitting area, with long sideways benches which allow all of them to have space between them even when they're sitting together. Lockers are also present for privacy and security of storing one's belongings.
    • The Cerulean and Indigo car is much more spacious than any car before it, with the car itself having two floors connected by an elevator, one for Ceruleans at the bottom and one for Indigos at the top. The lower floor looks like a nice restaurant and apparently has a lot of nice food available, while the upper floor has a full-on living room area with a fireplace, shelves of books, a fur rug, and fine art on the walls. Both floors even have private bedrooms for all of their occupants, and each floor barely even has three to four Trolls occupying it.
    • The Purple car is the only major exception to any sort of fanciness increase, but given what the Purple Bloods are prone to engaging in, and the fact that the whole car appears to have been made into some form of church for them, they clearly care more about their space being suited for them (and gut-droppingly terriying for everyone else) than it looking nice.
  • The New Order Last Days Of Europe: The State of Eurasia has a rigid social hierarchy straight out of the Middle Ages as part of their ideology's push for a "Masterocracy" with social mobility nearly non-existent in said regime.