aka: Snake Or Naga Or Lamia Oh My
Who are you calling limbless?
A Snake Person, Naga, or Lamia is a liminal being
usually depicted with a human head, arms and torso with the added twist of a snake's tail similar in many respects to a mermaid
, and some genies
. Beings like this can also involve more exotic bodily configurations such as wings
or changing the ratio of snake to human. Also, for some reason, most examples are female.note
Most of the time such Snake People are depicted as slithering upright like a cobra (as in, a cobra who's about to strike) instead of slithering face-down with their whole body. Female Snake People are almost always depicted with Non-Mammal Mammaries
and often with Non-Mammalian Hair
depicted this way.
Snake People may have some aquatic ability as well, either being superior swimmers or actually able to breathe underwater, in which case they would be a subtrope of Unscaled Merfolk
, with the best of both worlds. They may or may not talk in Sssssnake Talk
. Similarly, they are often evil because Reptiles Are Abhorrent
, but like many other Cute Monster Girls
, Dark Is Not Evil
may come into play. Or they were already villains who just turned into snakes
Traditionally, Lamia was a Libyan queen who ate children, but John Keats
might have turned her into a snake woman even though she wasn't originally
, possibly combining her with Lilith, who was associated with the serpent in the Garden of Eden.
In Hinduism and Hindu Mythology
, Nagas (more properly nagin or nagini if a female) are a very diverse group of snake-related entities, ranging from nature spirits to gods. Perhaps influencing the number of Snake People who are Multi Armed and Dangerous
. Though the Naga of Hindu myth themselves usually only have two arms or none. Sometimes they have multiple heads
Compare with Lizard Folk
, The Reptilians
, and Gorgeous Gorgon
when the Snake Person is hot. Because Snakes Are Sexy
, this happens quite often even though snake people are, like mermaids, frequently subject to the Mermaid Problem
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Anime & Manga
- The title protagonist of Vampire Princess Miyu fights against a terrifying snake woman in one of the episodes of the TV series.
- The twins Kinka and Ginka, who have human-looking torsos and very long snake tails which end up encircling each other. They are from a species of Youkai always hatching with two heads, but usually with the stronger one devouring the other head early on.
- The early villainess Mistress Centipede was a centipede variation
- In Pet Shop of Horrors, one of the very first "pets" was a basilisk that looked like a beautiful snake woman. This particular variety was albino — but looking into her eyes meant instant death.
- In Claymore, Ophelia's Awakened form looks like one of these, only she has what are like gigantic blades coming out of her human-looking back.
- In Naruto, Orochimaru, and later Kabuto as well.
- Panzer World Galient in the third OVA have Jashin-Hei and Humongous Mecha with half-snake part.
- Daily Life with Monster Girl is an Ecchi/Harem manga in which the main character has to be a host towards a female Lamia who constantly makes advances on him.
- In Amatsuki the demon Byakuroku usually appears as half beautiful man and half white snake.
- In Bleach, when Cyan Sung-Sun activates her Resurrección, her lower body becomes that of a snake's, making her look like a lamia. She can also conjure up snakes to attack with.
- Fairy Tail has Kinana, a girl who was unwillingly turned into a giant snake and given the name Cubellios. Eventually she's turned back into a normal human, though she later started learning transformation magic.
- The guild Lamia Scale has, as the name implies, this creature as their mascot, though their members are humans and not Lamias.
- The Antarticans from Centaur no Nayami are called Serpentine because of their snake-like appearances, but they are not reptiles, but mammals and they biologically related rather to birds than snakes. They have humanoid bodies with a snake-like head, a long neck and a tail. Antarticans are not an aggressive race, at least Sasasul is a very nice and timid girl.
- In the Battle City arc of Yu-Gi-Oh!, Rashid used the "Trap Monster" Embodiment of Apophis. (A Trap Monster, as the name suggests, is a Trap Card that functions like a monster once activated. Ironically, this one is the weakest, having no other effects, but it gained notoriety for being the first.)
- Minor Spider-Man villain Yith.
- Hellboy's Hecate turns into one.
- There is an obscure Marvel Comics villain called Slither who is, as you might guess, a snake-man.
- Snake Woman by Virgin Comics involves Jessica Peterson, who transforms into one whenever she is put under considerable stress. She's described as something "not quite snake and not quite human."
- Detective Comics #514-517 features a villain named Lady Viper who is a naga.
- In issue #516 Batgirl gets bitten by Lady Viper and later has a nightmare in which she has grown her own serpant tail replacing her legs. She awakens later relieved it was a dream only to discover to her horror that she has become half snake in reality as well. In issue #517 Batgirl in her naga form manages to defeat Lady Viper and finds a way to become human again.
Films — Animation
Films — Live-Action
- Medusa in Clash of the Titans (1981 and 2010).
- In The 7th Voyage of Sinbad, an evil magician temporarily combines a woman and a snake to create a four-armed woman with a snake's tail.
- Beetlejuice: Snake!Beetlejuice, except with no arms.
- The Golden Child. The woman who gives information from behind a screen turns out to have a lower body consisting of several long tails. You see, one of her ancestors was raped by a dragon ...
- The vampires from The Lair of the White Worm hover between this and Lizard Folk.
- Star Wars has Thisspiasians, specifically Oppo Rancisis in the background of the Jedi Council scenes in the first two prequels.
- The Sorcerer And The White Snake: The Snake Demon sisters Quingquing and Susu when they appear half human.
- Dreamscape features no less than three Snake-Men. Alex meets the first one in Buddy's terrifying nightmare. Later, Tommy Ray transforms into one to terrorize Alex when they both enter the President's dream. Finally, Alex himself transforms into one when he dispatches Bob Blair.
- Fighting Fantasy
- One of the many oddities/dangers of Port Blacksand is the so-called Serpent Queen, a woman whose head and neck have been replaced with those of a giant snake.
- The supplement Out of the Pit describes the Caarth (and their elite warriors, the Serpent Guards), a whole civilization of Snake People living in the endless desert wastes of the world of Titan. They're rumored to be responsible of the curse laid on the Serpent Queen.
- In the Lone Wolf series, Darklord Taktaal is described as having the body of a snake, covered by disease-ridden hair. He also has clawed hands and a smooth, ice-white head with a muzzle filled with rows of razor-sharp fangs.
- The Star Wars Expanded Universe has other lesser known snake-like races such as the Ipharian-Da'Lor, who have a similar body structure to the Thisspiasians minus the excess facial hair and second pair of arms.
- A naga-like one of these (called "Man-Serpents", having human heads with snakes for hair on purely serpent bodies, to differentiate themselves from "Serpent-Men", who have scaly human bodies with the heads of snakes) appears in the Conan the Barbarian story "The God in the Bowl," sent in a large jar to a man who dabbled with secrets he shouldn't have touched.
- There are no nagas in Harry Potter. However, the legend may be known — Voldemort's snake familiar is called Nagini, which is either a reference to the naga or to Kipling.
- Xanth, Fantasy Kitchen Sink that it is, is home to a race of Nagas, the princess of which ends up as a Love Interest to one of the characters.
- In the Star Trek Novel Verse, there's a race known as Resaurians, who are essentially snakes with upper grasping limbs. They're usually quite friendly.
- In The Echorium Sequence, one of the four races of "half-creature" are naga: half human, half water snake, and obsessed with shiny objects.
- The Nyissa, especially the queen, in The Belgariad
- Shay-za'ns or "Burnt Souls" from the Wind And Sparks cycle. Upper torso of a human without ears and nose, short snake tail below. The front cover illustration◊ from Chasers of the Wind is accurate enough. They don't crawl, they fly with magic, albeit no higher than 2-3 yards above ground. Desert dwellers, unsurpassed archers (of the Cold Sniper variety), who like to eat sentient creatures, especially Je'arre (winged people). According to legends they used to be Je'arre too, but revolted against their god, and he took away their wings and souls; they die the final death and don't go to the Blessed Gardens or Abyss. Considering that god's general disposition, one has to wonder what the Abyss they did to make him act. Or maybe that wasn't him at all.
- The Sssstamne of The Rogue King.
- Hercules The Legendary Journeys
- Episode "The Wrong Path." The title character fights the She Demon, which has the upper half of a woman and the lower half of a snake.
- Echidna, the Mother of All Monsters (and specifically of the She-Demon) also appears half woman/half snake. Sort of, but it's a bit of a stretch. She had serpent tails/tentacles for her arms and legs, but she did have two of them coming out of her hips.
- One of these appeared briefly in Sanctuary, a cunning predator that had been accidentally released in the Sanctuary.
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer:
- Machida, the snake-thing from "Reptile Boy" counts ... while he has a humanoid head and arms, the rest is all snake.
- Aluwyn from Season 8.
- The cobra-like Wesen Lausenschlange in Grimm.
- Metus from BIONICLE was turned into one by Mata Nui using the Mask of Life, as punishment for betraying his folk. He turned back into his original form some time later as a result of Mata Nui using his powers to restore the planet Spherus Magna into its original state and undo all mutations that befell the characters.
- Greek Mythology
- Echidna, the mother of all monsters, is something of this. She's depicted as having anywhere from one to two snake tails. She is technically called a dragon-lady or drakaina, but she comes close to being this.
- The story of Lamia, Queen of Libya, a woman driven to eat her children, sometimes depicts the title character as half snake.
- Also Kekrops, an early king of Athens who was depicted as being Closer to Earth by having the lower body of a snake.
- In Thailand, the Naga is a Pluto-analogue, an underworld deity associated with wealth. Another related being is a dragon that lives in the Mekong River, where the Naga Fireball phenomenon occurs.
- The Malay believe nagas are multiple-headed dragons.
- Laosians view the naga as sea serpents with beaks.
- Cambodians believe they are descended from the daughter of the King of the Nagas, a race of snake creatures with a vast empire under the Pacific Ocean. Seven-headed Nagas decorate Angkor Wat, hinting at this union.
- In Chinese Mythology the primordial goddess Nuwa, who created humans, is often depicted with the body of a serpent and the head of a woman.
- Speaking of the Chinese, there's always Madame White Snake and her sister. They even had a Western opera done up in Boston.
- Melusine was supposed to have been like this, though they are often depicted with two tails instead of the standard one.
- The snake-headed Roman deity Glycon, worshiped by Alan Moore, is closer to the trope, as are certain depictions of the serpent in the garden of Eden, sometimes shown with a woman's head.
- Nure-onna are Youkai in Japanese folklore that have a woman's face and a serpent's body.
- One of the aliens in Big Bang Bar is a giant serpent with a cartoonish humanoid head.
- Viper features a Robot Girl amid a group of robotic snakes—the gynoid appears to have snake-like features herself.
- The mermaids of Fathom have long prehensile tails that evoke this trope.
- In Asteroid Annie and the Aliens, a yellow serpent alien with spindly arms and a bald humanoid head watches a saucer on the right side of the playfield.
- Mentioned in the introduction, John Keats' Lamia involves the god Hermes helping restore the titular character to her human form, in exchange for help in finding his love interest (a nymph). At the end of the poem, however, the sage Apollonius reveals to Lamia's lover Lycius that she's still a serpent—she suddenly vanishes, and Lycius dies instantly.
- Nagas can shift from their (often multi-hooded) snake form to human form and almost all are capable of magic in some form or the other. One of the most powerful is the thousand-headed Naga named Ananta("the unending one"), a servant of the God Vishnu, who reincarnated as his master's brother in some incarnations (notably, as Rama's brother Lakshmana and Krishna's brother Balarama).
- The king of Nagas is Vasuki, who lives in the netherworld. The Nagas living in the human world are nature spirits associated with water — rainfall, lakes, rivers, wells, seas and springs — and will bring droughts and floods if provoked.
- Naga occur frequently in the Mahabharata. Even though the text proclaims them to be the "persecutors of all creatures" and they are powerful, poisonous creatures, the naga we see in the story vary between good and evil.
- The Buddhist tradition, on the other hand, tends to associate the naga with whatever dragon-like deity exists in the local culture, such as the Chinese long or Tibetan klu. The Buddhist naga is usually depicted as a cobra, sometimes with several heads, or as a human with a snake behind its head, indicating that it shapeshifted into a human form. The most famous naga in Buddhism is Mucalinda, the naga that protected the Buddha. When you see the Buddha meditating under the hood of a coiled cobra, that is Mucalinda.
- Dungeons & Dragons
- Nagas (snake with a human head) and Marilith demons (Always Female, human head and torso, snake tail, and six arms; pictured above).
- The yuan-ti mix human and snake features to a varying extent, ranging from almost entirely human with a few snakelike parts to being entirely snakelike.
- Their ancestors, the Sarrukh, from the Forgotten Realms.
- And the Lillend, a rare explicitly good-aligned example, who has wings along with the female human torso & arms. When they first appeared in the 2nd edition, they were one of D&D's rare dabblings into transsexuality; these early lillends came in feminine and masculine forms, though they were all biologically female — "male" lillends looked male and followed male human patterns of dress and custom, but had female reproductive organs and produced offspring by spontaneous self-fertilised pregnancy, just like the visibly female ones. This trait has been lost in all subsequent editions; even Pathfinder hasn't reused it.
- Then there are the Salamanders, who are a fire-version of this (they have arms, reptilian heads however).
- The Jarkung in Dragon magazine #14 and #37. Snake-like body, 2 arms, long tail with a knob on the end.
- Medusae in 2e had a 10% female only minority who were of the "Lamia style"; human from the waist up, giant snake from the waist down. In 3e and 4e, though, they are fully humanoid Snake People, having no tails, but definitely reptilian features, scaly skin and, of course, snakes for hair.
- The Lillend and the Naga have reappeared from their parent game.
- Though the common Lamia is a Centaur-like melding of woman and great cat, a variant known as the Lamia Matriarch does fit the bill.
- A fan article from Kobold Quarterly #23 has a weaker version of the Lamia Matriarch, known as the Lamia Commoner, as a playable race.
- The Serpent Folk are one part an expy of Faerun's Yuan-ti and one part a Shout-Out to the humanoid snakes of Conan the Barbarian and King Kull.
- A playable race, the Vishkanya, are arguably also Yuan-ti expies, as they are Snake People who essentially resemble humans with scaled skin and snake eyes, as well as poisonous blood and saliva. They come from Pathfinder's as-yet unrevealed India stand-in, like the Vanara monkey-folk, and were based off of mythological female assassins from India.
- The Nagaji, meanwhile, are far more dramatic hybrids of human and snake, though still bipedal and tail-free; they come from the Dragon Empires, where they were created by the nagas as a servitor race.
- The Followers of Set in Vampire: The Masquerade acquire the power to become this at advanced levels.
- The Horror named Ysrthgrathe in the supplement Scourge Unending.
- Earthdawn also has its own Nagas, as seen in Creatures of Barsaive.
- The Lexicon (Atlas of the Lost World of Atlantis). The tropical jungle of Yallock had the Nagaraja, who were half human, half serpent.
- One of the races (and a former playable faction) in Legend of the Five Rings, the Naga are an ancient race of snake-folk. Despite their alien nature (and the assumption of many characters early on that they were demons) the Naga were dedicated to the destruction of The Foul (their race's term for creatures of the Shadowlands and Lying Darkness).
- In Werewolf: The Apocalypse, the Nagah weresnakes turn into this in their warforms. Unlike most examples, this is not meant to be sexualized; similar to other werecreatures in the game, their heads are fully snakelike, and their humanoid torsos have the same scale pattern as the rest of them.
- In Changeling The Dreaming, merfolk from House Melsinee have the lower halves of air-breathing sea creatures, which can include snakes.
- The fu hsi hsien are serpent shapeshifters with three forms: their human form, their snake form, and their supernatural form, which is half-human, half-snake.
- Feng Shui has the Snake Men, just one of the many demons the Lotus like to summon, which are not to be confused with Ascended-style transformed snakes, which are descended from snakes which transformed themselves into humans.
- The Lemurians in the Freedom City setting for Mutants & Masterminds. Evil snake-men who worship an Eldritch Abomination.
- Bulldogs! features the naga-like Saldrallans, who are not only one of the core player races, but make up one of the setting's two rival empires.
- One of the very first Champions of Chaos for Warhammer was Dechala the Denied One, a Slaanesh-worshiping High Elf who had been corrupted into a very Marilith-like form (six arms, all carrying swords, and snake-tail for a lower torso). This very similar look to the Dungeons & Dragons creature and her absence from more recent editions of the game might not be unrelated.
- Zarkana features a number of "Mutant Ladies" who try to seduce the titular Zark. Among them is Kundalini, a snake woman.
- Lamia, the first boss in The Battle of Olympus.
- Deis/Bleu from the Breath of Fire series.
- EverQuest 2: The Nizari. There's also the Onaya and Ca'Na as aquatic variations.
- Warcraft / World of Warcraft
- Warcraft 3's naga are this. The males are more monstrous, the females more human-like with four arms. They show up again in most beachside zones of World of Warcraft.
- There are also venomlords, trolls who have overdosed on the mojo of their native snake Loa (animal spirit) and turn into a more realistic looking snake naga than the actual nagas (who look more dragon-like than snake-like).
- The Forgotten from Guild Wars Prophecies and the Nagas from Factions.
- Chrono Trigger has the Naga-ette. You can find an item called "Naga-ette Bromide," which is in fact an erotic photo of said creature.
- The Final Fantasy series occasionally includes Lamia as an enemy type.
- The upgraded version are often called Liliths.
- The very first game has the Fiend of Fire, Kary/Marilith as a powerful, multi-limbed snake person. It's the game's second Wake-Up Call Boss (the first being Astos).
- A great deal of these exist in Shin Megami Tensei — naga (usually portrayed as male), lamia, gorgons... Shin Megami Tensei II even had Betelguise in snake-person form as a boss.
- The aptly named Snakemen from X-COM: Enemy Unknown. They are infamous among X-Com veterans, mostly in part of their race's terror unit, the Chryssalid.
- The PC Engine/Turbografix pinball game Devil's Crush has a shadowy face in the middle of the pinball board that, when struck, reveals itself to be a woman. Hit it a few more time and she slowly morphs into a half-snake hybrid, then a full-on snake.
- The Sanctuary faction introduced in Heroes of Might and Magic VI. Also Nagas and Medusas from earlier games.
- The RPG Arx Fatalis features a friendly race of snake-women who served as librarians and advisers to the king. They were not all good though: the human princess was demanded to join them without giving her (or her father, the king) much say in the matter.
- Age of Mythology depicts Medusa this way, and gives them a bow as well. That sounds familliar...
- Dungeon Crawl has Nagas as one of the many playable species. They are semi-humanoid with a snake tail instead of legs, are stealthy, can spit and resist poison and are good at poison magic.
- Poison resistance is very useful, but nagas are the slowest race in the game. And Dungeon Crawl is a game where running away is a vital survival skill. However, there is a deity who can turn slowness into substantial stat bonuses, and one of his worship powers deals a massive amount of damage to anything faster than the invoker.
- Dark Souls has the snakemen in Sen's Fortress. Unlike most other examples listed here, though, these snakemen have the upper torsos of snakes and the lower bodies of humans.
- Shows up from time to time in Roguelikes as a playable class. Notable is the Echidna in Hydra Slayer. More fragile than a human character in a game where being able to kill a level-appropriate monster quickly - or at all - is never certain and the only source of healing is killing, too slow on their lower body to run without being brutalized every "step" of the way, and they start (like humans) only able to carry two weapons. But where any trained human is ambidextrous, an echidna is (as the page image would imply) multidextrous; their "basic attack against one target" can be executed with any subset of held weapons. With enough arms and a versatile set of weapons, this race can master the quick kill or stun.
- Some mentions of the Tsaesci describe them as this in The Elder Scrolls. However, thus far they have not appeared in the games, only in the lore (due to living on a different continent).
- Isis from Ragnarok Online.
- City of Villains had a whole enemy group called the Snakes, which were giant snakes with arms. They were the children of Stheno, a woman who became a serpentine Incarnate by drinking from the Well of Furies.
- Speaking of Furies, the all-female Talons of Vengeance is host to a number of snake people as well—women who succumbed to the Hate Plague spread by the Talons, joined their ranks, and morphed into a half-human, half-snake hybrid.
- The Deceivers from Diablo III. They can even take the appearance of a human for a while.
- Monster Girl Quest is loaded with lamias of different varieties, most notably Alice, the lead female character and current Monster Lord who is distinguished by her purple skin.
- Several Dungeons & Dragons-inspired webcomics features the races of Snake People mentioned above.
- In The Wotch, both the title character◊ and the writer Anne Onymous have been portrayed as shapechanged into the form of a naga.
- Nagas (both armed and armless) are just one of the local species of Petting Zoo People in Crossworlds. Apparently both male and females have Non-Mammal Mammaries. All There in the Manual, or at least in the background information on the site: the naga have a caste system, and a naga's status is based on the number of arms, with the eight-armed being the leaders down to the two-armed being the peasants, and armless being an "untouchable" caste. Armless Naga gain telekinesis to allow them to manipulate objects and are commonly gifted with sorcery.
- Eerie Cuties: Brooke is a 14 year old Melusine (now 15, as of the timeskip) with the ability to voluntarily shift into snake form. Though she's ashamed of it and would rather her friends not know about it, which is why she prefers to remain in human form - unless provoked.
- Zoophobia's Latika is a naga.
- In MeatShield, the inhabitants of Vedris, the City of Serpents. Extract from the Encyclopedia Ardrisia:
The Church of Vasra, God of Serpents and Secrets, is headquartered here. Long ago, a fundamentalist movement in Vedris prompted the faithful to undergo magical transformations into snake-human hybrids to prove their devotion. This magical alteration has bred true and now nearly 50% of the population are snakepeople.
- Karin-dou 4koma has Sara, a white snake youkai. She has the lower body of a snake and on one occasion gets slit pupils and a snake tongue while angry. Ironically, her boyfriend is a toad youkai, who's a little unsettled by Sara's regular, loving remarks about him looking delicious and wanting to eat him up...
- The whole Ananta sura clan from Kubera is this... and manages to cover the whole spectrum of snakey-reptileness and peopleness, sometimes in one individual, depending on the age and type of sura in question. The younger and lesser sura are mode-locked in the snakiest forms, though.
- Charlotte in At Arm's Length, a four-armed naga who owns an auction house and provides information on exotic artifacts.
- Geenie, the snake genie from Addictive Science with a crush on Lukas.
- Francesca from The Horrifying Experiments of Dr. Pleasant! is a "fusion of mammalian and reptilian biologies."
- "Vampies" in Roswell Conspiracies: Aliens, Myths and Legends.
- Nagas appear in The Secret Saturdays.
- Conan The Adventurer had a naga that was less a human with the lower half of a snake, more like a large snake with small arms and a humanoid face. The Serpent-Men are examples of the rare "fully humanoid" version, having snake-like facial features (including fangs, tongue and breathing tube), scaly skin and legs, without any hint of a tail.
- There was a episode of Aladdin where Jasmine began turning into a venomous naga, and Aladdin had to go on a quest to find the cure.
- Batman Beyond has an Aesop villian become some kind of naga with stuff added before going Clipped Wing Angel.
- There is an episode of TaleSpin where the villain is a cobra fellow. He appears to be anthropomorphized like the rest of the cast, but when he loses all his clothes at the end of the episode, he's just a big snake.
- Cedric, The Dragon from the first season of W.I.T.C.H., is one of these in his true form, though he spends a lot of his time shapeshifted as a human. Interestingly, his race all seem to be shapechangers, but aren't all Snake People- the only other one shown, Miranda, changes into an anthropomorphic spider.
- In an early episode of Aqua Teen Hunger Force, Carl picks a mummy's headdress out of the garbage and shows it off to the other characters, completely unaware to the fact his legs have turned into a snake's tail.
- The skeleton mooks from Ninjago have been phased out in favor of Serpentine later in the series, which the name tells you everything you need to know. As of now, they've become trapped underground again by the next Big Bad.
- A gargoyle with this body type was part of the Guatemalan clan in Gargoyles; according to Greg Weisman. this is the standard form in Guatemala.