So you want to use a trope. But you don't want to use it the normal way. Well, you do want it to be used the normal way, but also in a less glorious way.
Understanding the TropeTo first learn how to deconstruct a trope, you must first learn to obey it. Tropes exist for reasons and only a fool disrespects the tropes. That being said, a wise author learns to go beyond the trope. The trope is like a compass telling you which way is north but if all you ever do is go north, (following the trope as if it were a law), you might never get where you're going. A wise person looks at the trope to get their bearing and then heads off in a new direction.
Let's use the trope of the hero since it is one of the oldest and arguably most powerful trope in existence. The antihero is a subversion of this trope but even the antihero is still a hero. Is there any story ever written that doesn't have some form of a hero? When people write stories that fly in the face of well established tropes, the stories always wind up chaotic and leave the reader confused or alienated. The only way to deconstruct a trope is to identify the essential elements of that trope and then change the non-essential elements.
The straight trope is designed to be enjoyed, but not necessarily to be realistic. A deconstruction is not only the trope played straight; it is the trope played straighter than normal. There is no glamour behind this trope. There are no Acceptable Breaks from Reality. This trope is in play, maybe even invoked, but it's not going the way it's thought it would. The trope ought to come with a warning label.
For example, The Hero is a trope about, well, a hero. That character who does the Heroic things, kills the dragon, defeats Emperor Evulz, saves the princess. Now, think of this trope, but deconstruct it. Make it fall apart. Would that Hero like his job? Would he be appreciated for his job? Would it affect his sanity? Yes, the good side is still there, but now there's a bad side you didn't notice before. There's a thousand things that can go wrong if you just take the time to list them.
Deconstructing the TropeNow if you really want this to have an effect, there are two things you need to focus on; reality, and magnitude. The deconstructed trope is a mixture of reality and a straight trope, so the amount of reality in the mix is important. That is, increasing the level of deconstruction does not increase the level of reality. There's only so bad an effect reality can have on a trope. So what if the Hero hates his job, or can't confine to the laws of Herohood? If the world starts to fall to pieces just because the Hero is unhappy, then you haven't found the realistic balance, you've gotten to the other side of the scale. The reality part of the deconstruction ought to affect mostly the Hero, and most likely the people around him.
The magnitude part of the deconstruction can get a little unrealistic, as it partly relies on luck. A trope with a lot of magnitude is not an exaggerated trope. The magnitude part of this trope is the importance of the trope in the story. For example, how important is the Hero? We've established that the people he cares about are affected by his trope's deconstruction, but who are those people? Are they just minor characters, who may notice the deconstruction, but are barely noticed by us? Or are they part of something bigger, like an official, famous, government-supported crime stopping force?
The importance of the trope affects how powerful the deconstruction is, as the more lies at stake with this trope, the worse the outcome should the trope fall apart, but it can also affect how powerful the force towards the deconstruction is. If the Hero's job is super important, then it's so much more important that he does it right, and enjoys it, and is appreciated it. If he's not, it's a hell of a lot easier for him to start hating it.
Also a really important part of deconstructing a trope is avoiding Fridge Logic, as noted in several Mons deconstructions, if your world has lots of powerful easy-to-control creatures, it would be really weird for the goverment to ignore all the lethal potential of said creatures.
There are many ways to deconstruct a single trope. For example, in a Cosmic Horror Story you could say that the Eldritch Abomination's life is sad and depressing, or you could say that humanity could simply ignore the existence of Eldritch Abominations, or you could say that humanity feared Eldritch Abominations so much that they commited mass suicide.
To see other tropes with flexible deconstructions, see Thou Shalt Not Kill, Humans Are the Real Monsters, Ultimate Lifeform, The Power of Love, Defeat Means Friendship, Bullying a Dragon, Morally Ambiguous Doctorate, And I Must Scream, Living Forever Is Awesome, Crazy-Prepared, Black and White Morality, The Dog Bites Back, You Have Failed Me, The Smart Guy, Kick the Dog, Knight Templar, Pay Evil unto Evil, Karma Houdini, '90s Anti-Hero, Driven to Suicide, Playing with Fire, Spoiled Brat, Break the Haughty, Byronic Hero, Pragmatic Villainy, Pyro Maniac, The Chosen One, Bunny-Ears Lawyer, Five-Man Band, Falling into the Cockpit, Did You Just Punch Out Cthulhu?, Lovecraft Lite, Affably Evil, Ambition Is Evil, Shoot the Dog, The Magic Comes Back, Always Lawful Good, Dystopia, Then Let Me Be Evil, Stupid Evil, Crapsack World, Made of Iron, Morality Pet, Pet the Dog, Who Wants to Live Forever?, Magnetic Hero, Always Chaotic Evil, The Extremist Was Right, Sugar Bowl, The Fettered, The Unfettered, Wide-Eyed Idealist, Necessarily Evil, Well-Intentioned Extremist, Allergic to Evil, The Lancer, Magic A is Magic A, Gods Need Prayer Badly, A God Am I, Clap Your Hands If You Believe, For the Evulz, Freudian Excuse, Good Is Not Nice, Kick the Son of a Bitch, Disproportionate Retribution, Evil Cannot Comprehend Good, Good Cannot Comprehend Evil, Rousseau Was Right, Brother–Sister Incest, Virgin Power, Apocalypse Maiden, Absurdly Sharp Blade, Cosmic Horror Story, Magical Girl Warrior, World of Action Girls, Blood Knight, Deus Exit Machina, Angst? What Angst?, Stepford Smiler, Manic Pixie Dream Girl, Sufficiently Analyzed Magic, Destructive Saviour, Noble Demon, Anti-Villain, Action Girl, Imaginary Friend, Bad Powers, Good People, Go Out with a Smile, Grey and Gray Morality, Not the Intended Use, Break the Cutie, Obstructive Bureaucrat, Improbable Infant Survival, Dark Shepherd, Even Evil Has Standards, Insufferable Genius, Hard Work Hardly Works, Mind Rape, Royals Who Actually Do Something, Beneath the Mask, All-Loving Hero, Breath Weapon, Heroic R.R.O.D., Training from Hell, Take Over the World, The Bad Guy Wins, By-the-Book Cop, For Great Justice, Deadpan Snarker, Too Awesome to Use, Cloudcuckoolander, Secret Test of Character, Deal with the Devil.
22 Basic Guidelines
- 1.How can I twist it with logic?
- 2.Unexpected yet logical (horrible, ironic or funny) origins and/or consequences?
- 3.How efficient/inefficient is this?
- 4.How can I purpously misinterpret it?
- 5.How Hard/Easy is this?
- 6.How can I twist it's morality with logic?
- 7.To what horrible things I can expose it?
- 8.How can I twist it with details?
- 9.How can I twist it with physics?
- 10.How can I twist it with biology?
- 11.How horrible/possible it really is?
- 12.What would happen if people believed it's happening but it isn't?
- 13.How can I twist it with psychology?
- 14.How can I twist it with economy?
- 15.How can I twist it with the law system?
- 16.How can I twist it with time?
- 17.How can I twist it with senses?
- 18.How can I twist it with intelligence/stupidness?
- 19.How can I twist it with people/loneliness?
- 20.How boring/exciting it really is?
- 21.How does it interact/compare with other things?
- 22.How it can be self-destructive?
- Rule of Index— all of them.
- Fridge Logic— if when you think about it the whole idea falls apart, even if it's Darker and Edgier, that isn't a deconstruction.
- Artistic License
- Status Quo Is God
- The Power of Index
- No Endor Holocaust— if a trope could cause a lot of death in Real Life portraying it otherwise in fiction isn't deconstructive.
- War Is Glorious— it isn't.
- Free-Range Children— this is rare in Real Life.
- The Law of Conservation of Detail— Real Life doesn't have this Acceptable Break from Reality.
- Deus ex Machina— almost impossible to happen.
- Deus Exit Machina
- Idiot Plot
- Conveniently Empty Building
- Adults Are Useless— they aren't normally, but there are moments...
- Reed Richards Is Useless
- The Good Guys Always Win
- Karma Houdini
- Sorting Algorithm of Evil
- Angst? What Angst?
- The Main Characters Do Everything
- Be Careful What You Wish For
- Reality Ensues
- Fridge Brilliance
- Ascended Fridge Horror
- Truth in Television
- Tropes Are Not Good— an important theme in most deconstructions.
- Take That!— most deconstructions try their hardest to logically tear apart a trope, see ,  and .
- Justified Tropes
- Brutal Honesty— Deconstructed Tropes must be really honest.
- Contemplate Our Navels— lots of deconstructions end up being very existentialist and logical, normally in unexpected ways.
- Not the Intended Use— Deconstruction is esentially doing this with tropes, after all most tropes fall apart when you start to criticize them or apply logic to them.
- Logical Weakness— when applied to tropes.
- And Then What?
- Armor-Piercing Question
- Armor-Piercing Response
- War Is Hell
- We ARE Struggling Together
- Anyone Can Die
- Knight In Sour Armor
- Heroic B.S.O.D.
- Chronic Hero Syndrome
- It Sucks to Be the Chosen One
- Villainous Breakdown
- Tragic Villain
- The Villain Wins
- Pyrrhic Villainy
- Being Evil Sucks
- Being Good Sucks
- Well-Intentioned Extremist
- Destructive Saviour
- Secretly Selfish
- Not So Different
- Black and White Insanity
- Crippling Overspecialization
- Awesome, but Impractical
- Sacrificed Basic Skill for Awesome Training
- Freudian Excuse is No Excuse
- Dystopia Is Hard
Do not Deconstruct for Its Own Sake
Tropes exist for a reason. In order to deconstruct a trope, you must show how the trope would work in reality...but entertainment is the ultimate goal. If you deconstruct the trope, but have not actually said anything insightful or entertaining, you have mostly wasted your and everyone else's time.
Also, many people think that deconstruction is just the act of pointing out how various fictional characters and tropes are actually dark and raunchy, for the sake of exaggeration or destruction of innocence and idealism. While deconstruction sometimes looks like that on the surface, the point is that it injects REALITY into the equation, not implications or dark turns.
For example, a story where Willy Wonka is revealed to be a serial killer who kills little kids and turns their corpses into Oompa-Loompas is not deconstruction. It does not tell us anything that would better explain the story and their motivations, and it would not tell us anything about real-life implications. A deconstruction would be more along the lines of Willy Wonka continually having maintenance issues due to his unique factory he keeps completely closed off to people, and he has to figure out how to get it working again.
- Bojack Horseman and A Song of Ice and Fire both have their own subpages for Deconstructed Trope, which explains a lot. For bonus points, A Song of Ice and Fire also has one for character deconstructions.