Averted in an interesting way. Nazi Germany and Modern Germany seem to be two separate entities (as opposed to the latter being simply the former after a very thorough makeover), evidenced by the fact that they both can appear in the same comic — wherein Modern Germany is outright terrified of his fascist counterpart. Moreover, Modern Germany is also terrified of being thought of as a Nazi.
Also Germany has a third entity in the form of Prussia, in the sense of Bismarck's creation and the First/Second Reichs, who also appears alongside Nazi and modern Germanies.
All There in the Manual: Humon's comments provide a lot of background about the characters, especially the ones she hasn't introduced into the actual comic.
Ambiguous Gender: Thailand. Humon describes hir as "different from a trans woman in that they still often identify as male on some level", eventually just placing Thailand in the "third gender" category.
Anthropomorphic Personification: The characters are almost all the Personifications of their countries — or rather, the Scandinavian stereotypes of their countries.
Anything But That!: Iceland, Denmark and Norway are absolutely terrified of Amnesia: The Dark Descent due to the horror themes, but America is really just bored. Until Sweden reaches a level with naked corpses in it. America screams in fear at the sight of penises, while Norway, Denmark and especially Iceland actually smile.
Iceland is an extreme-sports fanatic who lives in a volcano full of dark matter demons.
Sister Germany, who uses her Boobs of Steel to break Denmark's arm when he goes to cop a feel:
Finland: (via placard) Women should be respected. Lady Germany should be feared.
Svalbard is a scarred, bearded frontiersman who has to dodge polar bears during his life in the world's most northernmost permanent settlement.
Aland may look like a harmless little offshoot of Finland, but there was that time when it defeated Russia — and actually shoots Russia's white flag in half because he doesn't know what it means.
Aland: Odd time to be drying your laundry, Mr. Russia. (click)
Barbie Doll Anatomy: Finland in "The Day After". Averted in the full-sized drawings, where Humon blocks the naughty bits with little flags, but it's still evident that the characters have them. Averted in "boobs and a joint", where the flags are not included.
Britain Versus the UK: Subverted in the early comics; "England" seems to symbolise a more British stereotype and wears a Union Jack shirt, but later on Ireland and Scotland show up and he explains he wears it because the Cross of St. George makes him look like a member of the Red Cross. This is either a case of geographical artistic license (Ireland isn't in the UK at all so England really doesn't speak for him) or a rather weird Genius Bonus (the Union Flag is a combination of the English, Scottish and Irish crosses — but the Irish cross has long since fallen out of use and been forgotten about in both countries). Soon the comic switched to England wearing just the Cross of St. George, though Humon claims to have made the switch because it's easier to draw.
Chile: A telescope like that needs an awesome name. King Europe: Don't worry. I'm very good at naming things. Telescope reads "European Extremely Large Telescope"
Distaff Counterpart / Spear Counterpart: Very literal. Full-fledged nations (that is, not micronations, territories, regions, or other outlying exceptions) come in sibling pairs, one male and one female, and in most cases, the brother and sister are basically Half-Identical Twins. Because of this, it tends to be the case that one of the pair (usually the male, although there are exceptions such as France) is the "main" country personification, with the other one popping up only when the joke is gender-specific. The counterparts are usually referred to as "Sister/Brother <Country>", though the honorific is dropped in some circumstances (such as when the Nordic sisters are hanging out together).
Don't Explain the Joke: Played straight and inverted at the same time. Yes, Humon usually adds an explanation for the comics which don't sound half as funny when read out aloud, but generally are an utter necessity for people who aren't natives of the countries depicted in a given comic strip. And sometimes even if they are.
Eagleland: While America certainly has most of the Flavor 2 traits, he does genuinely want to help others and is seen as the peace keeper when things get too out of hand. Essentially he's a Type 2 who aspires to be Type 1. Sister America, on the other hand, is 100% Type 2. Of course, Sister America is generally portrayed as being far more "progressive" compared to Brother America, which can remove her from the Type 2 category a bit. One could say they are of the Mixed Flavor variety.
The Faceless: North Korea, when he (or she, or it) appears, is always wrapped entirely in a North Korean flag, with only a pair of disembodied eyes visible out of the shadows. This presumably symbolizes the country's isolation.
The picture of the Canada siblings in swimwear. Let's just say... body hair. This was largely the point, or at least to point out that the author thinks the disgust of it is largely ridiculous. Then again, some of us like a bit of fluff.
Fanservice: Let's just say there are a lot of strips where the characters are more detailed than usual...
Female Gaze: Once when asked why, if she is a feminist, most of her characters are male, Humon replied that as a (mostly) straight woman, she likes drawing men for herself to ogle. She has also expressed irritation with fanworks that present/describe all the male characters as Bishōnen, since she went out of her way to depict numerous different types.
Surprisingly not an America-only trait. The Scandinavians don't know anything about South America, America mixes up Sweden and Norway while forgetting Denmark, and Sister America thought Scandinavia was a country till she discovered the joys of shipping.
Half-Identical Twins: Most of the sisters look just like their male counterparts, but with longer hair and no facial hair. It's most pronounced with the Denmarks, where the sister even has boyish features and a skinny figure.
I'm Standing Right Here: In one strip, America keeps mistaking Norway for Sweden and can't seem to see Denmark, implying that he is that oblivious. In the last frame, we see things from his perspective: Norway and Sweden look identical, Denmark isn't seen... but we see South America standing beside America, when he wasn't visible earlier! Seems like America's not the only one with selective blindness...
Incest Is Relative: America has a lot with Canada, who is his adopted brother; England is America's birth father and adopted Canada from France.
In and out of universe; Humon got a lot of people asking why the characters spoke English, instead of her language or their own languages. She responded by making a comic where they all spoke their own language, some unable to understand each other. It ends with America and China screaming in frustration:
America: WHAT THE HELL IS GOING ON! China: 我不知道！note I don't know! America: SHUT UP!
Laser-Guided Karma: Finland shoves Åland and Sweden off the end of a dock into the water. Two panels later, Åland comes back up screaming that he found a bunch of old 18th-century champagne bottles that are worth a fortune, and proclaims to Sweden that "we'll keep one and open it on the cruise trip I'll be taking you on around the world!"
Mistaken for Racist: In one comic, Denmark mistakes South Africa for a monkey, causing South Africa to attack Denmark. This stems from the stereotype that all Danes are racist without realizing it. Most likely, it is also a reference to the incident where a Danish TV host mistook a picture of an African man for a monkey. Also, far from all Danes are racist but are often seen this way because the most racist political party in the country is also the (arguably) most influential one — plus that whole thing with the drawings.
Norse by Norsewest: Being a comic about stereotypes, each character shows varying shades of this trope. The classical Hollywood stereotype isn't that prominent, however, due to the stereotypes coming from a Danish viewpoint. The comic's premises actually inverts this, as it shows the Scandinavian perception of other countries.
Really Gets Around: Sweden has slept with every member of Finland's family, and one of them wasn't due to alcohol. His sister's kind of the biggest skank in time and space too. However, a removed comic stated that Denmark is the country that has the most sex, and to date he has slept with Norway, Sweden, Sister Sweden, Sister Australia, quite possibly Netherlands and maybe even Germany.
Vague Age: All the characters to an extent, but Denmark in particular. He mostly looks and acts like he's in his early to mid-20s, but he has two kids, one of whom is clearly a teenager. Also, he is either the oldest or the youngest of the Nordics depending upon whether he is viewed as a political or a geological entity... yeah, it's complicated.