"Try to imagine yourself in the Cretaceous Period. You get your first look at this "six foot turkey" as you enter a clearing. He moves like a bird, lightly, bobbing his head. And you keep still because you think that maybe his visual acuity is based on movement like T. rex — he'll lose you if you don't move. But no, not Velociraptor. You stare at him, and he just stares right back. And that's when the attack comes — Not from the front, but from the side, from the other two raptors you didn't even know were there."Ever since Jurassic Park made Velociraptor a household name, its iconic image—a man-sized, intelligent, vicious, toothy, scaly killer — has appeared countless times in popular culture, usually as a Shout-Out to, well, Jurassic Park. Meanwhile in Real Life, the fact that the wrong dinosaur gained undeserved fame causes paleontologists an unending amount of sweet, tasty tears. Velociraptors, while still believed to be agile and clever predators in their own right, were actually bird-of-prey-like solo hunters about the size of turkeys. The actual inspiration for the creatures found in book and film are its larger, possibly pack hunting, cousins Deinonychus. (Later books and films also pull in elements of the Utahraptor, The Big Guy of the family which actually exceeds the size and build of the creatures in the film.) Besides
— Dr. Alan Grant, Jurassic Park
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List of Common Inaccuracies in Media
- Being covered in scales instead of feathers. If present in older works this is a victim of Science Marches On, but we've known since 1999 that deinonychosaurs had feathersnote . On real deinonychosaurs, scales were only present on the feet, if at all (known specimens with feathers had completely feathered feet, meaning that scaly feet were probably a bird-exclusive trait).
- In the event that deinonychosaurs are portrayed with feathers, it is very, very unlikely that the feather distribution and structure will be portrayed accurately. One of the most common mistakes on this front is to have the wing feathers end at the wrist, even though we know that deinonychosaurs actually had wing feathers attached to the second finger as well. Only partially feathering deinonychosaurs is also generally incorrect. It is common for many depictions of feathered deinonychosaurs to portray them as a weird hybrid between a bird and a lizard, probably to highlight their "missing link" iconism. However, we know that deinonychosaurs were almost entirely feathered other than the tip of the snout and sometimes the feet (though it is not unreasonable to suggest that the largest deinonychosaurs may have had some naked patches similar to ostriches today). For a long time it was thought that deinonychosaurs only had pennaceous (modern-style) feathers on the wings and tail (and sometimes the legs), with the rest of the body being covered in protofeathers, but a new study has shown that these protofeathers are likely just misinterpreted pennaceous feathers. So, like modern birds, deinonychosaurs actually had pennaceous feathers all over the body. Incidentally, the pennaceous feathers of many modern flightless birds (such as kiwis) are degraded and hair like, so it's possible that flightless deinonychosaurs were similar.
- The hands will be twisted around so that the palms point backwards towards the body, kind of like a zombie. In reality, deinonychosaurs (in fact, most dinosaurs) have palms that naturally face one another, like someone about to clap, and twisting them around like that would break the wrists. Biomechanical studies have shown that deinonychosaur palms would actually rotate upwards when the wrists were extended, which would have helped them clutch objects to the chest.
- Deinonychosaurs will often be depicted as Lightning Bruisers, among the speediest of all dinosaurs. While troodonts and basal dromaeosaurids were well built for running, the larger, more derived dromaeosaurids (including Velociraptor and Deinonychus) were not (they are, however, still much faster than a person, but not nearly as fast as pop culture depictions). In fact, going by leg proportions alone, derived dromaeosaurids were among the worst runners among all theropods (meat-eating dinosaurs), with only a few specialists (Therizinosaurus, etc) being much slower. As early as the 1960s, scientific analyses have concluded that advanced dromaeosaurids were built for short-range and fast bursts of speed (similar to modern big cats and the cougar) and low-speed endurance running instead of high-speed sprinting for long distances (like modern canids, to which dromaeosaurs often get compared), and the bone walls of Utahraptor are around twice as proportionally thick as those of Allosaurus. However, the leg structure does indicate that they do appear to have been very agile and had a good sense of balance (which is more important to chasing things anyways), which sort of makes up for it. In sum, advanced dromaeosaurs were more akin to Jacks of All Stats or masters of all than what the movies say, in that they stressed more emphasis on Combat Parkour (which ironically qualifies a raptor as a Lightning Bruiser) and claw-to-claw dogfighting than fleetness of foot.
- Animal Eyes, combined with Rule of Scary and, to some extent, Reptiles Are Abhorrent. Cat-like eyes with slits for pupils are the most common, which might be reasonable considering that the only non-dinosaurian archosaurs alive today, crocodilians, have slit pupils as well. However, given the fact that raptors are much more closely related to birds than to crocodilians, their eyes may well be more bird-like with round, fixed pupils. On the other claw, however, the typical raptor skull does not have a supraorbital ridge, so it would be rather unrealistic to give your raptor the same "eagle scowl" as that of the other type of raptor, the Noble Bird Of Prey. Thus dromaeosaurs would look less like grounded eagles and more like stout, flightless and carnivorous geese with teeth. Not that geese are already horrifying enough as is, but scale it to Utahraptor size (as big as a adult man OR BIGGER, give it the bite of a hyena, teeth and jaws of a crocodile, clawed wings, a long tail and a sickle-shaped claw and you get something akin to what dromaeosaurines looked like.
- Bigger Is Better combined with Taxonomic Term Confusion, where works depict "Velociraptor" as being more similar to Deinonychus and sometimes nearing the size of Utahraptor, the Trope Maker being Jurassic Park, due to Michael Crichton using paleo artist Gregory Paul's book (which considered Deinonychus a species of Velociraptor) as a source for his novel. This is typically a result of Follow the Leader when present in other works.
- Overly flexible or overly stiff tails. Due to their tails being surrounded by ossified tendons, deinonychosaur tails were probably not sinuous and whip-like as shown in Jurassic Park. At the same time, it is a common meme among paleo artists to draw deinonychosaur tails as being stiff rods almost incapable of bending except at the base. Though true to a degree, fossils of sleeping deinonychosaurs such as Mei show that their tails were flexible enough to curl around the body.
- Extreme intelligence. Prior to the discovery that modern birds are dinosaurs, deinonychosaurs were widely considered "the most intelligent dinosaurs". (Just look at the door-opening raptors from Jurassic Park.) Based on brain-to-body ratio and brain structure, deinonychosaurs do appear to have been quite intelligent among Mesozoic dinosaurs. In fact, their encephalization quotient is actually much higher than that of modern-day crocodilians (which may not sound like that much of a compliment, at first, until you remember that, according to a recent study, crocodilians are actually as intelligent as dogs) and comparable to those of some modern birds. However, they were almost certainly not as intelligent as the most intelligent birds alive today. A common paleo meme that arose in the 1980s was the idea that if dinosaurs never became extinct, the most intelligent species (i.e.: deinonychosaurs) would develop into humanoid forms. This overlooks the fact that the most intelligent dinosaurs (modern-type birds) were the ones that survived to begin with, as well as demonstrates something of a Humans Are Special attitude. After all, there isn't any good reason why hypothetical highly intelligent dinosaurs would necessarily develop a human-like body plan.
- Being capable of taking on impossibly large prey. Due to their reputation as pack hunters (which is in itself debatable), deinonychosaurs are popularly shown killing prey much, much larger than themselves with ease. Although we know that some dromaeosaurids definitely preyed on larger prey (for example, one famous fossil preserves a Velociraptor fighting a Protoceratops, a herbivore that could have been up to twelve times its size in mass), many of these depictions show coyote-sized dromaeosaurids killing prey not just ten times their size, but several hundred times their size, such as adult hadrosaurs or even sauropods. This paleo-meme may have originated from John Ostrom's description of Deinonychus as a big-game hunter, using its claws to slash at its prey, but it is now known that its claws did not have the sharp lower edges required for this purpose. Instead, the more advanced dromaeosaurs would have used the hooked claws as piercing implements, hooking onto moderate to large but not huge-sized targets (which, however, still can be larger than the raptor itself) such as juvenile iguanodontians or small ceratopsians, and skewering their vitals (the Velociraptor vs. Protoceratops fossil, for example, shows that the raptor's killing claw is embedded in the ceratopsian's throat, where the jugular would be IRL). Furthermore, many other deinonychosaurs (such as troodonts and basal dromaeosaurids) likely specialized in small prey, not large ones. (Check out how comparatively small those teeth and claws are in Troodon.) The often invoked predator-prey relation between Deinonychus (3.4 meters long) and Tenontosaurus (6 to 8 meters long) is not as set in stone as commonly presented either, despite being actually possible in Real Life with a family group of Deinonychus and a single herbivore.
- Overly useful hands. Many deinonychosaurs had long arms and big hands, and it is therefore tempting to think that they were actually used like human hands. It is not uncommon to see deinonychosaurs (again, especially Troodon) shown with opposable thumbs, even though the only deinonychosaur that has so far been biomechanically demonstrated to have had opposable thumbs is Bambiraptor, so most deinonychosaurs could only hold objects two-handed (or clutched them towards the chest). In reality, long as their arms were, deinonychosaurs couldn't reach further with their hands than they could with their mouths, and the large feathers known to have been present on the arms and hands of deinonychosaurs would have prevented their use in picking up food from the ground or digging (known traces of digging deinonychosaurs show they dug with their feet, as modern ground birds do). The hand claws were useful as grappling hooks and for holding food that couldn't be eaten in one gulp, but they likely weren't as dexterous as often portrayed.
- Pseudobeaks. In the same vein as the previous, another common way artists attempt to make their deinonychosaurs more birdlike is to add a beak-like sheath on the snout of deinonychosaurs. In fact, we know that deinonychosaurs actually had feathers covering most of the snout, and as they had a full complement of teeth, they didn't really need a beak as well. (Even in prehistoric birds with both beaks and teeth, the beak doesn't occupy the same space as the teeth.) Deinonychosaurs that preserve facial integument show a featherless region at the very tip of the snout, but even then there's no evidence for a keratinous sheath there.
- Killing by disembowelment. The claw is often depicted being used like a blade, slashing the soft underbelly of prey. While this seems initially plausible, the deinonychosaurs' legs are not flexible enough for the task and the "killing claw" is built incorrectly for slashing, since it's curved and lacks an edge. It's also highly dangerous to attack a large prey animal by getting under it. The most likely theories are that raptors used their claw like daggers, stabbing weak points like the jugular to kill larger game, or that they hunted like extant eagles; using the enlarged pedal claw as a gripping aid as the dromaeosaur ate the prey item alive.
- Inaccurate family life. Possibly due to extrapolation from modern predatory birds, it is popular to portray dromaeosaurids as living in mated pairs feeding their young and sometimes nesting in trees. However, young deinonychosaurs were capable of running around after hatching, so it's not unlikely that they hunted at least some of their food on their own instead of being fed. Although deinonychosaurs (especially the smaller ones) may have climbed trees, ground nesting appears to be basal among birds, even flying onesnote , so deinonychosaurs probably mostly nested on the ground as well (and, indeed, are known to have done so).
- Probably thanks to Jurassic Park, it was a bit of a trend for a while to depict raptors as being Always Chaotic Evil. It should probably be obvious why this is inaccurate. Fortunately, this is less common nowadays, to the point that the Jurassic Park franchise is averting it.
- Real Is Brown. Like many dinosaurs, raptors will often be depicted as green or brown, even with feathers, with writers acting like it's more realistic for them to be dull colored. In reality, we know from groundbreaking fossils of Anchiornis and Sinornithosaurus that many maniraptors would have been very brightly colored. Like birds, raptors had great eyesight and therefore would likely have been capable of seeing in color. That said, there are a few species proven to be somewhat darker in color, like the iridescent, starling-like Microraptor.
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Anime & Manga
- The manga of Gantz featured aliens taking the form of raptors (with feathers, thankfully) pretending to be display models in a museum.
- Dinosaur King had feathered Velociraptor (without wings or a tail fan, though), Deinonychus with only a crest and thin coating of fuzz, and a scaly Utahraptor. It also had a deinonychosaurian Megaraptor, though this was disputed in 2003.
- The Japanese website has a Troodon with feather coating (but no wings or a tail fan). On the other hand, the Archaeopteryx looks pretty good (it even has raptor-like footclaws).
- Dinosaur Hour actually used Velociraptor in a chapter about feathered dinosaurs, which was about 2 Protoceratops discussing about the appearance of a "feathered Velociraptor". They sketch a Velociraptor and try to add plumage to it, and it ends up looking so ridiculous that they find it amusing. The Velociraptor is later revealed to have... rather interesting feathering: it looked like it stuffed its head and torso into 2 giant puffballs, making it look like a cartoonish duckling.
- Unfortunately, its Troodon, Deinonychus, and Utahraptor lack feathers. Dromaeosaurus is scantily feathered.
- Jura Tripper has typical Jurassic Park-styled raptors, although a Utahraptor with a feather crest appeared in one episode.
- The Kawasaraptor from Kirby of the Stars.
- Averted in one episode of Doraemon, which showed an anatomically accurate Velociraptor. Previous episodes however had featherless raptors.
- Old Lace from the comic book series Runaways is a genetically engineered Deinonychus. Interestingly enough, she looks just like the Jurassic Park-style Velociraptor and has been mistaken for one as well.
- She also resembles Troodon as well, in regards to the shape of the skull and exaggerated large eyes.
- Jurassic Park: Dangerous Games managed to avert this trope with completely feathered raptors (although a flashback showed them scaly like in the movies).
- Calvin and Hobbes has Calvin giving a report about overpopulation, which involves a pack of Deinonychus devouring Susie. Though the detailed dinosaurs look like something out of the movie version of Jurassic Park, the strip actually predates it — and Watterson gives the dinosaur its correct name, though of course he couldn't know about the feathers back then.
- GI Combat: The War That Time Forgot actually has feathered raptors.
- Dinosaurs vs. Aliens did not shy away from giving their raptors and troodonts feathers. Word of God stated that this was not only for accuracy but also to differentiate them from Jurassic Park raptors.
- More recent strips of B.C. features raptors.
- Tyrannosaurus Rex managed to avert this with feathered raptors◊. Strangely, the comic has humans and dinosaurs coexisting (although this was only for fantasy).
- Star Wars gives us the Tiss'shar, who are, for the most part, Jurassic Park raptors, although there are feathered Tiss'shar. It also gives us the Ssi-ruu, though they take more traits from Tyrannosaurus rex and dragons, of both the Eastern and Western variety.
- Cooper the Utahraptor from The Midas Flesh is certainly feathered, but he lacks primaries on his arms.
- Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time averts this (except the primaries are attached to the wrists).
- One of Atomic Robo's recurring enemies is Doctor Dinosaur, a superintelligent dromeosaurid. He's loaded with scientific inaccuracies, but these are justified by Robo pointing them all out and concluding that he's a genetic experiment created by people who had watched Jurassic Park too many times.
- Three episodes of the Discovery Channel miniseries Dinosaur Planet featured "raptors". The first one was about a female Velociraptor named "White Tip" (due to her white feathers) trying to find a new pack. The second was about a male Pyroraptor named "Pod" who ends up on an island inhabited by dinosaurs much smaller than he is including a pack of mini troodonts. In a third episode, Troodon proper shows up. They were commendably portrayed with feathers, but not quite extensively enough (for example, they lacked pennaceous feathers).
- In the Speculative Documentary / parody Prehistoric Park, a Troodon, later named Rascal, causes trouble by attempting to steal the bait truck. This sets off a chain reaction of accidents in the park, culminating in the climactic T-Rex escape scene. This one lacked feathers. Another episode also featured the troodont Mei and the dromaeosaurid Microraptor, the former of which also lacked feathers, and the latter of which suffered some mild Anachronism Stew and splayed its legs while gliding, something that has since been debunked.
- Actually, the Troodon do have some very light feathers if you look closely.
- Walking with Dinosaurs had scaly raptors and in one episode, Utahraptor was shown living in Europe. Velociraptor, also in need of plumage, turn up in the Chased By Dinosaurs spinoff, where they're correctly shown as fairly small, though still fairly dangerous.
- Clash of the Dinosaurs had feathered Deinonychus, though again not quite extensively feathered enough. Two Deinonychus also kill a subadult Sauroposeidon with a few superficial scratches. Its sort-of sequel Last Day of the Dinosaurs has something similar: two Saurornithoides (which used the same model as the Deinonychus) kill an adult Charonosaurus. To make things worse, they're referred to as "saurornithoidids" (Troodontidae has been used for the group since 1987).
- Jurassic Fight Club featured Deinonychus, Dromaeosaurus, and Utahraptor, all of which either lacked feathers altogether or had only a tiny crest of them.
- March of the Dinosaurs had Troodon as one of the main characters. They also aren't feathered properly (though they have feathers), but behaviour—wise are mostly plausible.
- Monsters Resurrected briefly featured Deinonychus in one episode (sans feathers).
- The Truth About Killer Dinosaurs focused on Velociraptor in one of the two episodes, discussing how Velociraptor may have used its killing claw in predation. The fact that dromaeosaurids had feathers is given some attention, though (as usual) the feathering given to the animated Velociraptor isn't entirely accurate.
- When Dinosaurs Roamed America was one of the first documentaries to feature feathered dromaeosaurids. The scientific consultants pointed out that the feathers should've been more pennaceous, but they reportedly didn't have enough of a budget to do realistic-looking pennaceous feathers.
- Animal Armageddon featured half-arsed Velociraptor with the wrong skull shape and a pair of naked Troodon that take down a subadult hadrosaur.
- Dinosaur Revolution averts this trope with flying colors by having raptors with clawed wings, male deinonychosaurs sitting on the nests and omnivorous troodontids.
- Planet Dinosaur went both ways by producing some of the most well-feathered dromaeosaurid television reconstructions to date, but the modelers still attached the wing feathers to the wrong finger, and their troodontids are no more than old-fashioned, lizard-like critters outfitted with a very thin feather coating, and have no wings, nor a tail fan.
- They also made Sinornithosaurus venomous, which was a theory that was panned some months before it was released (even though they included research that was more recent than the rebuttal to the venomous Sinornithosaurus hypothesis).
- Swing 123's Triassic Park: Into the Past has Deinonychus as recurring antagonists in the Late Cretaceous. They are as usual depicted as very intelligent and speedy (Calvin at one point said they can run 60 to 70 miles) pack-hunters. Interestingly, they are never mentioned having feathers or scaly skin.
- The My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic fanfic Pinkassic Park has Deinonychus that attack the main characters after being accidentally freed from their pens, only to be knocked out after attacking Pinkie Pie's pony decoys stuffed with sleeping gas. They are explicitly stated to have bird-like feathers, and Word of God said they were used because the Velociraptor from Jurassic Park were actually based on Deinonychus, which is quite true.
- Similarly, Rise of the Galeforces has the protagonists regularly do battle against Deinonychus Mooks. Most of them are Weaponized Animal version of the standardized JP-style "raptors", but one particular antagonist stands out in this case: Velociripper, a genetically modified, sentient specimen who is also weaponized - and is explicitly stated to have turkey-like, blood-red feathers.
- A Deinonychus christened Sharpclaw by the islanders in Kataang Island Adventure has only an island to claim as his territory, so he contends with the islanders. The leader, Aratak, goes after him because she thinks him responsible for killing her wife Nanuk and their baby. Even Aang and Katara become victims of his attacks, Aang being struck in the back by his tail and Katara getting her shoulder sliced by his claws. But when they find his family, they spare Sharpclaw and take him to the four nations.
- He is also a shout-out to supposed living dinosaurs like Mokele Mbembe.
- The Seven Hunters follows a relatively accurate portrayal of Utahraptor in the case of Littlefoot's pack by including feathers and other traits, but uses the inaccurate portrayal from The Land Before Time films for other Utahraptor. This discrepancy is eventually explained away by the rainbowfaces.
- The World of the Creatures zig zags between the inaccurate media depictions like the raptors from Jurassic Park and accurate depictions that represent our current understanding of dinosaurs. Seeing as this all takes place in a character's mind, this zig zagging is justified.
- Our very own Albertonykus' My Little Maniraptor series averts this trope. The ponies are all translated to different types of highly accurate maniraptors; the unicorns are oviraptorosaurs (their crests taking the role of their horns), the Earth ponies are flightless dromaeosaurs and troodontids (lack of flight ability and strong legs) and pegasi are flying deinonychosaurs (for obvious reasons; Fluttershy, a basal troodontid, is the exception due to being a weak flyer). The Princesses are Mix-and-Match Critters with features of all three raptors, plus some extant birds, like swans and cranes.
Films — Animation
- The third The Land Before Time movie features JP-style raptors as the main sharptooth opponents.
- Disney's Dinosaur provides a rather... interesting handling of this. The Velociraptors that attack Aladar and the lemurs just right before they are all rescued by the Herd are the first of their kind to be drawn anatomically correct in film history — small, weedy, and with properly oriented wrists — but unfortunately they still don't have feathers. In fact, they may even avert this trope if it weren't for the fact that they were scaly. This may probably have been due to Executive Meddling, since the higher-ups apparently thought it was cheaper and creepier that way, although Science Marches On may have also seeped in a bit.
- Averted in "The Rite of Spring" segment of Fantasia where no raptors are to be seen anywhere, as they all weren't even discovered at the time of that film's release (Fantasia was released in 1940, the first raptor skeleton wasn't discovered until the 1950s). However, there was an Archaeopteryx that flapped its wings like a bird, real Archaeopteryx cannot flap their wings, and most likely glided.
- Speckles: The Tarbosaurus has scaly Velociraptor with feathers on its head and arms. Its Microraptor is decently portrayed, however.
- The small carnivorous dinosaurs that attack our heroes in Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs are vaguely reminiscent of raptors, including the killing claws, but they are Guanlong, a genus of primitive tyrannosaur. In fairness to the movie, there ARE deinonychosaurs, but the Troodons (identified as such in the game) are depicted as naked vegetarians, although in reality they would have technically been omnivorous.
- And then there's the Archaeopteryx that was to be fed to the baby T. rexes, whom Sid threw off a cliff expecting it to fly off but dropped like a stone. Kinda Truth in Television, although Archaeopteryx most likely glided.
- The game app Ice Age Village has a scaly, Jurassic Park-styled Velociraptor. Pyroraptor has feathers, however.
- Turok: Son of Stone featured Velociraptor with protofeathers.
- You Are Umasou:
- The opening scene has a pack of Troodon raiding the Maiasaura nests. While the Troodon were correctly depicted with feathers, they lack the killing claws on their feet. Although to be fair, none of the dinosaurs in the movie look realistic.
- In a later scene, Heart chases a pair of red dromaeosaurs during his frantic search for Umasou. Both dromaeosaurs have scutes on their backs similar to the film's Tyrannosaurus and what could be a coat of fuzz.
Films — Live-Action
- Jurassic Park, naturally, is the Trope Maker and Trope Codifier. They seem to grow in intelligence with each movie; the original could at least be fooled by reflective sheet metal.
- By the end of Jurassic Park III, they have proven to be fully sentient. The only reason they are not as smart as us is because of their physical limitations. They are even observed to OPEN DOORS! (Not by breaking, they open it like a human normally would.)
- And when they can't, they throw themselves desperately through the window to reach the food!
- The third film gave them some color — to the male raptors. Somewhat justified, in that the first and second film's raptors were female or changed to males.
- It also gave their adversaries the skull-phlebotinum, the new handy dictionnary for Raptorese.
- In Jurassic World, four of them (Blue, Delta, Echo, and Charlie) are being trained by an ex-Navy man named Owen Grady and appear to, for the most part, respond to him. He admits that it's helped by the fact that he was the first being they saw upon hatching and, since these raptors have been spliced with bird DNA (instead of frog DNA as the original ones were), he imprinted on them. It's also implied that Owen has devoted an enormous amount of time to raising and bonding with the sisters, which has effectively made him a trusted Parental Substitute and their alpha/father-figure. Even then, his control over them is shown to be extremely fragile and they'll gladly kill anyone besides Owen on sight.
- Vic Hoskins wants to use the raptors as weapons against insurgents and, eventually, forces Owen to use the raptors to help them hunt down the Indominus rex. Unfortunately, the I. rex turns out to have some raptor DNA and manages to turn the raptors against the humans until the very end, when Owen reasserts his control and sends the raptors to attack the I. rex.
- The sisters also feature a wide variety of color patterns as a direct result of their individual genetic mixes. Blue is blue with patterns from a Black-throated African Monitor Lizard, Charlie is brownish-green (like the raptors in the original movie) with striped patterns from an Iguana, Delta is green, and Echo is sandy yellow. The film also acknowledges that the franchise's Velociraptors (or dinos in general) look nothing like what they're supposed to by claiming that they're all hybrids and, in fact, the goal has always been to create cool-looking dinosaurs that attract the crowds.
- The remake of King Kong (2005) introduces the Venatosaurus, a fictional genus of dromeosaurid. For starters, they have scaly skin, prognated hands, and slit pupils. They are shown posessing great speed and strength, and make the examples involving deinonychosaurs bringing down adult hadrosaurs seem plausible, because they are shown hunting a large herd of adult sauropods.
- In the book it's said they give live birth and are specialized just to kill large dangerous game even the island's tyrannosaurs can't hunt.
- Raptors appear as the antagonists in the found footage film Tape 407.
- Raptors appear in the appropriately titled Raptor Ranch, though surprisingly have very little screentime compared to the larger meat-eating dinosaurs.
- Primeval features raptors in some episodes, Jurassic Park-styled. All of them have head plumage, in the style of the raptors in Jurassic Park III, they also have quills covering much of their body to show they at least did a little research.
- A Super Persistent, time-traveling, Raptor is even used to deliver some Laser-Guided Karma to one of the Big Bads, tracking them through multiple temporal leaps.
- Tree Creepers, a hypothetical climbing dinosaur, resemble muscular, long-armed raptors. Without feathers. Or noticeable killing claws. Or any other features that might suggest they're raptors and not just giant intelligent monkey-lizards.
- Finally, the raptor model was once more reused to be an unnamed Jurassic theropod that swims between islands in search of food. It's not supposed to be a raptor, and the dim lighting, dark coloration of the creature, and camera angles make damn certain that you can't see the sickle claws. Originally the creature was to be a Eustreptospondylus, which actually did live on islands in the Jurassic, but a lack of funds meant they couldn't make a new model. Luckily, instead of re-painting the raptor black and calling it Eustreptospondylus, they re-painted it black and referred to it as just a "theropod" (which means it could be virtually any kind of two-legged carnivorous dinosaur).
- In the BBC show My Pet Dinosaur, speculating on human's relationships with dinosaurs had the meteor not hit, had scaly Troodons as the equivalent of raccoons and foxes.
- Terra Nova gives us the Nykoraptors, a fictional breed of dromaeosaurid said to have 3 rows of incisors. And they have feathers, if you look at them closely. The equally fictional Acceraptors, called "slashers" by the characters and not named onscreen, are sometimes thought of as raptors, but lack the toe claws and more closely resemble primitive tyrannosaurs like Guanlong (see the example from Ice Age above).
- The Doctor Who episode "Dinosaurs On A Spaceship" features "Raptors" that look more like baby Zillas than they do actual Velociraptors. In fact, they actually look very much like the raptors from Primeval.
- In fact, they are the raptors from Primeval - the animation model was reused. (Potential Cross Over, anyone?)
- Super Sentai and Power Rangers have had raptors in some of their dinosaur-themed series. In every case, they're some form of biomechanical, so don't bother expecting strict accuracy:
- Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger and Power Rangers Dino Thunder gave the Rangers velociraptors as steeds (though Dino Thunder downplayed them in favor of using motorcycles for personal transportation instead).
- In Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger, the Green Ranger is Velociraptor-themed, and the entire team can summon sets of twin Deinonychus mechs that combine into motorcycles.
- Raptor Red, a novel by paleontologist Bob Bakker, is told from the POV of a female Utahraptor. Deinonychus and troodonts also show up in the story. Speculation aside, the deinonychosaurs are portrayed accurately for the time - 1995, just a few years before it was confirmed feathers were basal to the dromaeosaur lineage. (And to be fair, it's just about the only avian trait the raptors don't have.) Also, Deinonychus and Utahraptor weren't actually contemporaneous, though both lived in North America in the Early Cretaceous.
- The protagonist of Anonymous Rex, Vincent Rubio, actually is a velociraptor (and a Private Detective in modern Los Angeles). He describes his hide as green and scaly, claiming that his species allegedly having had feathers, and in fact the entire K-T extinction, are part of an elaborate hoax designed to keep humans in the dark about the continuing survival of the dinosaurs. (He also mentions his external ears and the very lizardy Healing Factor of a group of ornithomimids, so... yeah.) For the most part, he acts human, but can jump and fight like a true dino if there's a need for it.
- In Dinotopia, it is almost a given that some deinonychosaurs crop up from time to time, due to the Loads And Loads Of Dinosaurs in this work. Two examples are Malik the Stenonychosaurus (today believed to be a synonym of Troodon) and Enit the Deinonychus, who both work in Waterfall City as the Time-Keeper and the Chief Librarian respectively. Both of these are victims of Science Marches On and lack feathers, which probably explains why they don't show up in the fourth book (which is filled with feathered depictions of deinonychosaurs and other dinosaurs, including Emperor Hugo Khan the Microraptor).
- Stephen Baxter's Evolution has a scaly Deinonychus in the end of the Cretaceous Period that appears to be cold-blooded, despite the fact that this is the very dinosaur that sparked the idea dinosaurs were warm-blooded. Fortunately, its Troodon and Velociraptor are feathered.
- The 2010 National Geographic book The Ultimate Dinopedia: The Most Complete Dinosaur Reference Ever is a mixed bag, ranging from the dated but otherwise good (Microraptor) to the otherwise decent ones lacking primaries (Buitreraptor) to those lacking wing feathers altogether (Troodon, Velociraptor & Deinonychus) to the completely naked ones (Utahraptor). To make things worse, it uses Dromaeosauridae to encompass every coelurosaur that isn't a tyrannosauroid, ornithomimosaur, therizinosaur or bird (and some non-coelurosaurs, such as the carnosaur Xuanhanosaurus, the chimeric archosaur "Protoavis" and the ankylosaur Struthiosaurus).
- Z. Raptor has genetically-enhanced Velociraptor and Utahraptor. Both are sparsely-feathered and the latter spits acid (due to DNA splicing).
- Dinoverse has a deinonychus pack with an extremely structured social hierarchy and set of mores. They even punish members they think have withheld food from the group. One of them also learns how to make fire and many other things by watching a human do it. They're scaly, highly dextrous, fast, and can take huge prey.
- Velociraptor are recurring villains in the Astrosaurs series. Not only they are scaly and oversized as usual but have forked tongues, which aren't even an archosaur trait. However, the books try to justify this as evolution in space over 65 million years.
- Dinosaurology (a 2013 installment in Dugald Steer's Dragonology series) featured feathered Deinonychus (not feathered enough, though) that bring down a juvenile Brachiosaurus and more accurately feathered Velociraptor frightening a herd of hadrosaurs. The events of the book is set in 1907, and yet Velociraptor, discovered in 1924, was able to be identified. Interestingly, the equally identical Deinonychus is treated as a creature unlike any other. However, the book somewhat Hand Waved these inaccuracies in that it is supposed to be the facsimile of a traveler's journal.
- The venomous Sinornithosaurus speculation was also brought up, but this was just treated as a hypothesis as only the tooth of the animal was featured.
- Averted in Animorphs, when they're sent to the time of dinosaurs. Tobias played with toy dinosaurs as a kid, and when they find a pack of Deinonychus Rachel calls them "raptors," but Tobias corrects her — he does however note they are still fast, dangerous, carnivorous dinosaurs they should really run from because they're actually worse than Velociraptor. The book loses points for no feathers, however.
- In Destroyermen, the Grik are described as very raptor-like: bipedal, with sharp claws and teeth, fast and vicious. The resident scientist who cuts one up points out that they share some kinship with birds thanks to their hollow bones and feathered skin. This is deliberate, as the scientist (from the 40s) would not know that raptors really are related to modern birds. Unlike the raptors described in Jurassic Park, the Grik prefer an Attack! Attack! Attack! mentality, coming in as a disorganized mob without regards for tactics or casualties. However, this is later revealed to have been the result of deliberate cultural tendency, as the Grik cull all non-aggressive hatchlings. When they stop doing that, the non-aggressive ones show real aptitude for tactics.
- Absolutely parodied with Mortasheen's Bucbuclaw, an ugly chicken-looking thing, whose main attack involves parasitic poop-eggs.
- In Warhammer, there are raptor-like creatures called Cold Ones. The Dark Elves and Lizardmen tame them and use them as mounts for knights and riders. In the case of the former faction, they also use them to pull chariots. Elves in the Warhammer universe are generally supremely Badass like that.
- Magic: The Gathering: Shivan Raptor.
- The Dino Riders toy line had not one, but two different sets with a Deinonychus. Until the introduction of a Rulon Quetzalcoatlus, it was therefore the only species that was ridden both by the heroes and the bad guys.
- The Jurassic Park toy line had a dozen different variations of the franchise's "trademark" dinosaur, the Velociraptor, ranging from simple repaints to completely different molds. Oh, and two Utahraptors. And three mutant raptors (from the Chaos Effect toyline, whcih featured mutant dinosaurs and ugly recolours of existing toys) - one a mix between it and an Archaeopteryx that, in flavor text, ambushed from the sky, the second a dark-blue recolor of previous velociraptors, stated to be faster, more active, smarter, and extremely sadistic, and a cross between Parasaurolophus and Deinonychus, who would chase prey into waters to tire/drown them.
- Interestingly, some of the raptors have their hands set up correctly (palms inwards), while others have their palms facing down.
- There was a Meanie (Gross-out parodies of Beanie Babies) named Velocicrapper.
- Dinobot from the Beast Wars line of Transformers toys, as well as his various repaints and retools. Hailing from the '90s, he was naturally a scaly, very robust looking Velociraptor, who strangely had six toes on each feet. In the animated show, he had only three (four would have been correct), and an incredibly bendy tail — Justified in that he was really a robot. In the 2008 Universe 2.0 toy-line, he received a new mold, up to modern engineering standards but sadly not to modern dino-science: instead, they went for a more show-accurate look, and gave the toy a wavy tail where the original had a stiff one.
- Grimlock form the comics was a step in the right direction: though his toy form was just a recolored, scaly Dinobot, he was illustrated with a thin covering of fuzz.
- Archadis and Airraptor (basically same toy, but different characters) turn into the classic, green-blue colored lizard-headed Archaeopteryx with hands that look glued onto their wings.
- Slash from the recent toy franchise for Transformers: Age of Extinction is on its way of averting this, being covered in metallic feathers.
- Two of the LEGO Dino sets have a giant, JP-styled, striped raptor.
- The twin LEGO-lines ''Dino Attack'' and ''Dino 2010'' also had a figure called "raptor", but it was more like a random, generic theropod dinosaur with horns and a tailfin, in keeping with the mutant theme of the set-line.
- In the same line, there were the "Mutant Lizards" which were rather raptor-like in appearance, and were the same size as most raptors in pop culture.
- The twin LEGO-lines ''Dino Attack'' and ''Dino 2010'' also had a figure called "raptor", but it was more like a random, generic theropod dinosaur with horns and a tailfin, in keeping with the mutant theme of the set-line.
- The Cuddlekins (a line of plush animals made by the company Wild Republic) has both a Velociraptor and Utahraptor plush. On the one hand, both toys have accurate (at the time the toys were made) information on each of the dinosaurs, look fairly realistic (for plush toys), and have feathered bodies. On the other hand, the Utahraptor plush isn't quite as "fluffy" as the Velociraptor and both plush have their hands facing downwards (something that's impossible for real-life Dromaeosaurs).
- The Jurassic Park licensed games capitalize heavily on the raptors' appeal. The raptor is a playable character in both Sega Genesis games, with Dr. Grant serving as the main antagonist, and The Lost World's 3d platformer also had a raptor as one of the playable characters.
- Dino Crisis had Jurassic Park style "Raptors", which disappointingly served as low-level goombas.
- And for its next trick, it had Super Persistent Predatory... Therizinosaurs. (To be fair, that particular group of animals was very poorly understood at the time. For Therizinosaurus itself, all we had were a pair of terrifyingly huge claws — it has since turned out that their owner looked less like a giant murderbeast and more like Big Bird.)
- Secret of Evermore opens with a Heads I Win, Tails You Lose battle against a pair of raptors. These foes tend to pounce forward with their clawed feet extended, making them an annoyance even into the late phase of the game. In the final dungeon, you confront robotic versions.
- The game Off-Road Velociraptor Safari! is a work that features Velociraptors with feathers for once, if only because raptors getting hit by a car driven by a velociraptor wearing a pith helmet looks cooler with Perpetual Molt.
- Pokémon Black and White has Archen and Archeops, who appear to based on deinonychosaurs/archaeopterygids and are (thankfully) covered in feathers. They lack the killing claws on their feet, however...
- Grovyle and Sceptile, the evolutions of the 3rd gen Grass starter Treeko, have some raptor elements to them, such as inward-facing hands and leaves as "feathers". While they may be inaccurate, the line is mostly based on lizards.
- Dead Space 2 features Necromorphs called Stalkers, whose shape, mannerisms, attack patterns, and vocalizations are clearly influenced by JP-style raptors. In a Shout-Out, the console version features a trophy/achievement (earned by surviving the first encounter with them) called "Clever Girls".
- The Monster Hunter series started with the Velociprey type enemies, which were actually more Velociraptor sized, but it turns out they were just immature versions. The larger Velocidrome Alphas were the first "large" monster most players fought. Tri introduced the Jaggi family, which lacks the "beak" of the Prey/Drome family. Both are classified as Bird Wyverns despite their lack of any particularly bird-like features, however.
- Primal Carnage has typical scaly raptors, though the developers actually un-pronated their hands.
- Averted with their Pre-Order Bonus, a fully-feathered raptor.
- Double-averted in that their raptors are an invented species called "novaraptors," in order not to trample over genuine depictions of deinonychosaurs.
- Feathered, beaked DLC skins for the raptor are now available, though explicitly called oviraptors.
- Nanosaur has you playing as one. With a jetpack and a blaster than can fire lasers, missiles, and nukes.
- Fossil Fighters has several vivosaurs revived from fossils of deinonychosaurs like Velociraptor (V-Raptor), Bradycneme (Breme), Troodon (Tro), etc that play this trope straight. To be fair, none of the vivosaurs are realistic.
- In Turok, raptors are common enemies.
- There is a video game released in Japan called Dinosaur Hunting, and it has deinonychosaurs actually cloaked in feathers! And it was made in 2003! This game would be an aversion if they hadn't made Velociraptor too big, along with an albino big as a Utahraptor.
- Raptors were enemies in Tomb Raider 1, 3, and Anniversary.
- Sixty Five Million And One BC has (once again) Jurassic Park styled velociraptors. However, the reason why they are scaly was because feathers made it difficult for the sprites to animate. The game did, however, have a white raptor with a red crest of feathers.
- Raptors are a fairly common creature in Guild Wars 2. They're covered in feathers and some are designed to resemble modern day bird species like eagles and vultures.
- Fangy from Conker's Bad Fur Day is supposed to be a raptor, but he looks more like a generic tyrannosaurid in that he has 2-fingered hands and no killing claws on his feet. He was, however, given the footclaws in Live and Reloaded.
- Tekken 2 features Alex, a kickboxing velociraptor. He's scaly, but that's the least of his problems. He stands up straight, resembling the classic theropod tripod pose, and has long, powerful arms with boxing gloves on the end. His strange posture comes from the fact that he's basically a Pallet Swap of Roger, a Boxing Kangaroo. And he's awesome. Could be justified in that he's genetically engineered.
- Scaly raptors are fairly common in World of Warcraft. They are particularly heavily associated with trolls, especially the playable Darkspear tribe, who use them as mounts and hunting companions (troll hunters start with a raptor pet). Among their pantheon of loa spirits, the Darkspear seem to follow Gonk the Hunter, who takes the form of a raptor, most closely.
- The Chult sections of the Neverwinter Nights 2 expansion Storm of Zehir have deinoychuses and megaraptors as possible encounters.
- Club Penguin has a feathered dromaeosaurid as a new dinosaur transformation for Prehistoric Party 2014.
- Talon, the skyscraper-sized, Lightning Bruiser Deinonychus God of Survival from Primal Rage, who interestingly has feathers on his head - not bad, for a game that came from the 90s and in the wake of Jurassic Park. He lords over human-sized raptors, as well.
- Riptor from Killer Instinct is a human-raptor hybrid (though you can't really tell because there's nothing human about it). In the 2013 game it's a Cyborg raptor on top of that.
- theHunter: Primal does a partial aversion in that its Utahraptor have non-pronated hands and fine-looking primaries, although they didn't have a feather coat until the official release of the game. There's also Velociraptor, which are thankfully small.
- Marvel Avengers Alliance features several missions that take place in the Savage Land, where many enemies are various versions of Jurassic Park-style Velociraptors (some with laser cannons strapped to their backs.) One variant even has a summon-style attacked called "Clever Girl."
- Philosoraptor: Seen here◊ getting all chemistry nerdy.
- The Tyrannosaur Chronicles: Subverted by a naked Deinonychus character, who is said to have shaved all her feathers off in order to star in Jurassic Park. The other deinonychosaurs are portrayed with feathers, though mostly not pennaceous ones, probably due to massive work load. More properly feathered deinonychosaurs have been shown to be in the works, but the Series Hiatus on this project has prevented them from yet making an appearance in the story.
- Spec World: More or less completely averted, a little bit of Science Marches On asidenote , to the point that the creators decided to kill off nearly all troodonts as a stealth Take That to humanoid dinosauroids (and indeed, no dinosauroids at all are allowed for the project).
- Among the different kinds of dromaeosaur families that DO appear, only three are labeled as "raptors" per se. Other families include mattiraptors, hesperonychids, draks, ninjas, and arbros.
- These two DeviantArt groups were created specifically to avert this trope.
- Massively averted by Ask a Velociraptor, much to the delight of dinosaur enthusiasts.
- Averted with quite bird-like raptors in the Reverse Jurassic Park AKA Quaternary Park videos, which are spoofs of key scenes of the first JP movie. In fact, paleontologist Thomas Holtz has deemed these the most anatomically accurate animated Velociraptor ever.
- One short Happy Tree Friends smoochie focusing on Disco Bear had him being shredded apart by a raptor after being stomped by a T. rex as one of his many deaths.
- This fun little edutaining song about Archeopteryx plays with this trope; on the one wing, it's correctly stated to have been from the Jurassic period, referred to as a dinosaur instead of a bird and is even referenced as being a maniraptor. On the other wing, the cartoon Archeopteryx has a toothy beak (while Archeopteryx had teeth, it did not have a beak) and lacks its sickle claws. Interestingly, the show never gives an answer as to whether or not Archeopteryx could fly, and the entire video features an Adorkable cartoon Archeopteryx trying everything he can to get airborne. Hilarity Ensues, naturally.
- "Meet the Pseudosaurs" parodies this trope, along with others of its stripe.
- In the Gifts Of Wandering Ice webcomic one of the "ice gifts" turned out to be a living raptor.
- Referenced numerous times in xkcd, like here.
- Utahraptor from Dinosaur Comics.
- By the way, if you want to see Utahraptor (and his two theropod friends) portrayed in a more historically accurate way (meaning feathered), just type in &butiwouldratherbereading=somethingmorehistoricallyaccurate behind the html-adress of a qwantz-comic of your choice, like this for example. Or check out Aaron Diaz' awesome guest comic!
- Yoshi from Dr McNinja is a "classic" Jurassic Park Velociraptor (unfeathered, Deinonychus-sized). The authors admit that they do care more for Rule of Cool rather than scientific accuracy.
- Marvin, Libby's pet dinosaur from Bloody Urban is a partial aversion- he's only about as big as a medium-sized dog with feathery tufts on his head and tail.
- Some of the earlier pages in Dawn of Time (intentionally) depict Jurassic Park style dromaeosaurids. However, a feathered Velociraptor does show up in a flashback later on, and the dinosauroids that also feature in one of the story arcs refreshingly avert the "Lizard Folk dinosauroid" trope.
- Skull and the Eumaniraptor Trio from Raptormaniacs avert this.
- Parry And Carney averts this, in spite of some of its deinonychosaurs having been drawn in 2005!
- Averted and lampshaded in this Sandra and Woo comic.
- Nuzlocke Comics parody this trope with Scythers.
- Manly Guys Doing Manly Things: Averted. Jet's raptors are realistically sized (somewhere between a chicken and a turkey) brightly plumaged, docile enough to be picked up and more interested in begging for scraps of roast chimera than savaging anyone.
- The Land Before Time television series had a pair of villainous Utahraptor named Screech and Thud who were often seen with the Big Bad Redclaw. Both lack feathers and have two fingers instead of three.
- The villain of Dino Squad is a humanoid Velociraptor named Victor Veloci. Curiously, the mentor figure of the titular Squad is also a velociraptor-person.
- Averted by the Velociraptor, Archaeopteryx, and Microraptor in Dinosaur Train (Science Marches On for the coloration of the latter two). The Troodon, Utahraptor (which initially even gets mispronunced as "Ultraraptor"), and Deinonychus really lack plumage, however.
- Il était une fois...:
- In an episode of the French animated Edutainment show Once Upon a Time..., the characters watch as a group of '80s-styled, kangaroo-Deinonychus attack a large Sauropod dinosaur. What makes them so "kangaroo" is that not only are they shown standing fully erect, they move around by hopping. Raptors can hardly get more retro than this!
- The first episode of Once Upon a Time... Man had a four-fingered Archaeopteryx evolving out of "thecodonts" through the hypothetical "Proavis" phase.
- The Velociraptor that gets locked into Jimmy's closet in a Jimmy Neutron episode is the standard JP-styled fare.
- In Extreme Dinosaurs, three anthropomorphic raptors are the main villains. Even before being transformed, they are much larger than real Velociraptors and don't have feathers (although feathers were unknown at the time the show was made).
- Dinosaucers may or may not have one deinonychosaur with Teryx the Archaeopteryx, depending on the issue if her genus belongs into this clade or not. (See the paragraph in the introduction.) On the villains' side, Princess Dei, Genghis Rex's sister, is another example. She is featherless, besides the issue of her being a Deinonychus and him being a Tyrannosaurus rex.
- The fact that she's featherless is a case of Science Marches On, as the show was made in the 1980s.
- I'm a Dinosaur had a very sparsely feathered Velociraptor with too broad a skull, a Troodon that might as well be a Coelophysis (yeah, have fun in the Arctic without feathers), a decently-feathered Sinornithoides that can't pronounce its own namenote and a deinonychosaurian Megaraptor (which wasn't even considered a coelurosaur, let alone a deinonychosaur, at the time).
- The Magic School Bus episode "The Busasaurus" featured a Troodon pack. Amusingly, they're sized accurately if you pay close attention, but they sort of tried to hide this using Forced Perspective. Being outright inaccurate wouldn't do on a science show, after all. They're also scaled, but the episode is from 1995.
- One episode of Ace Ventura Pet Detective The Animated Series had the eponymous detective go into a cage inhabited by a velociraptor the size of a small bear.
- Scooby-Doo! Legend of the Phantosaur REALLY messes up Velociraptor by not only using the classic Jurassic Park design, but also giving them HORNS. Then again, they turned out to be yet another Scooby-Doo Hoax but still.
- Then again, the perpetrator apparently found the Velociraptor costumes in a museum.
- An episode of I Am Weasel has the Red Guy as a cavewoman try to woo Weasel by offering him a velociraptor pie. A live velociraptor then pops out of the pie and mauls "her".
- The two villains of Kung Fu Dino Posse, Skor and Skrap, are called "raptors", but they don't look like real dinosaurs in any way. They don't have feathers and they have frills like the Dilophosaurus in Jurassic Park and head quills similar to the Velociraptor from the third Jurassic Park film.
- The Simpsons episode "The Days of Future Future" featured Utahraptor with feathery tufts on their heads, necks, and arms.
- The Go, Diego, Go! special "The Great Dinosaur Rescue" featured Troodon with only a coating of fuzz (no wings or a tail fan).
- The Littlest Pet Shop (2012) episode "A Day at the Museum" had what was referred to as a Velociraptor, but it was more identical to an Allosaurus and lacked both feathers and the killing claws.
- In the Phineas and Ferb episode "Mandace", Doofenshmirtz is turned into a dinosaur that he calls a Velociraptor, but has little specific resemblance to Velociraptor besides its size and generic theropod shape. Then again, knowing Doofenshmirtz, he either thought it was cooler to call it Velociraptor or simply doesn't know what Velociraptor really looks like.
- The Gravity Falls episode "Land Before Swine" had a typical Jurassic Park-styled raptor with two-fingered hands (which doesn't correspond with any known deinonychosaur).
- Sylvia of Wander over Yonder bears some raptor-like similarities such as an S-shaped neck and even "feathers" on her head and the tip of her tail, although she's an alien rather than an actual dinosaur.
- A six-eyed, cave-dwelling spider was given the name Trogloraptor due to its distinctive sickle-shaped claws.
- This sounds relatively tame compared to Tyrannobdella rex a parasitic leech named after T. rex.
- The NBA Basketball team the Toronto Raptors' imagery is directly inspired by the Jurassic Park craze of the mid-90's, as the team was founded in 1995 during the NBA's expansion into Canada.