Fanvid

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Also known as AMVs or Animated/Anime/Amateur Music Videos.note 

In a nutshell, a basic concept is to take recorded footage from your favorite movies or TV shows, set all these edited scenes to your favorite music (maybe add some Fan-Art or subtitling) put it all together in a digital Movie-Maker on your PC, then upload it to any video streaming site online- and wait for awesome comments to pour in! YouTube is a popular choice.

It's not the most productive activity in the world, but for the most dedicated, it is one of the most time-consuming. Like Fan Fics and Fan-Art, making and watching these videos is another way these fans express their consuming obsession over their favourite show.

Naturally, the companies and network executives behind these TV shows and music are mixed on the whole deal. Some companies welcome the support and publicity and even hold competitions for the best video. Others simply turn a blind eye to these videos, neither encouraging them nor forcing them removed under threat of lawsuit. Other companies do that very thing (removing them).

Shipping vids (for the romantics) and videos centered around your one favorite character (often called "tributes") seem to be the most prevalent, though some Gag Dub parodies have been picking up steam recently.

Subcategory of Fan Work. Just like with Fan Fic, Sturgeon's Law applies oh so very much when it comes to the overall quality of the following videos, especially given the young age of the creators. Also See Fan Film.

A Sister Trope is The Abridged Series.


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Trends

    Popular Combinations 
Action

Characterizations

General
  • "Bring Me To Life" by Evanescence with... anything. Arguably the wittiest one of these uses footage from Re-Animator.
  • Anything to "What I've Done," "Numb," or "In The End" by Linkin Park. No, seriously, anything. Especially ones centered on Starscream from Transformers Armada. Interestingly, "What I've Done" appeared in the 2007 movie.
  • Something epic to a DragonForce song. "Through the Fire and Flames" is merely the most popular.
  • Loreena McKennitt songs for... just about every fandom ever.
  • Quest, epic journey, war, or any ongoing struggle type stories:
    • Many videos are set to Marching On by OneRepublic. At least 50 for Supernatural
    • Thanks to a popular Attack on Titan amv Les Friction's "Ready Aim Fire" has become popular with very actiony or war centric series too.
    • The Fighter" by The Fray is common for videos involving series with a couple where one dies in a war.
  • "Dollhouse" by Melanie Martinez is the song for dysfunctional families and Abusive Parents.
  • Songs common for family related videos:
    • "Little Wonders" by Rob Thomas from Meet the Robinsons, a movie about family, is very frequently used for familial videos.
    • "I Bet My Life" by Imagine Dragons is popular.
    • Plumb's "In My Arms" is very popular with moms and their children, despite being a God Is Love Song.
    • Sibling videos with Avicii's "Hey Brother" pop up a lot
    • Hurt's "Somebody To Die For" is popular with strong familial relationships and platonic friendships.
  • "Pretty Fly For A White Guy" by The Offspring used to be popular for dorky or adorkable characters, even if they weren't white.
  • "Until The Day I Die" by Story Of The Year is used for rocky friendships and romances.
  • "Say Something" by A Great Big World, "See You Again" by Wiz Khalifa, and "What Hurts the Most" by Rascal Flatts are popular for Tear Jerker tributes to characters who were Killed Off for Real or are Posthumous Characters.
  • Every October people start making a lot of videos using Marilyn Manson's cover of "This Is Halloween" and the theme to Saw set to horror and gorn heavy series.
  • Series and animated films with gorgeous visuals often get set to "Somewhere Only We Know" by Keane or "Little Wonders" by Rob Thomas.
  • Umbrella by Rihanna is very frequently used for videos about True Companions. People rarely use her version though, and instead opt for any of the various covers.

Genres
  • Any show dealing in anyway with supernatural beings and romance combined with Real Life's "Send Me An Angel". (Ah! My Goddess is the most common. Often entitled: "Send Me Belldandy"). There is a Chrono Crusade version — the irony that Chrono is a devil, not an angel.
  • "Weird Al" Yankovic and Lemon Demon seem the go-to artists for high energy, wacky comedy vids. (Some AMV contests have actually banned the use of Weird Al music since it renders making a crowd-pleasing, overwhelmingly popular comedy video far too easy.) Case in point Lupin III/"This Is The Life", which even Weird Al has said is better than his own video for the song, which was basically him acting out the lyrics mixed with scenes from the movie it came from Johnny Dangerously. Then there are these two mashups of My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic with two of his polka medleys, one with "Polkarama" and the other with"The Angry White Boy Polka". They impressed Al so much that he posted the links of both of them on his Twitter page... which indirectly led to him being offered a guest role on the show.
  • As a rule, any Hot-Blooded show goes well with JAM Project.
  • If you have a depressing series, one that takes place in a Crapsack World, or one where everyone is messed up expect the Gary Jules cover of Tears for Fears' "Mad World" used at least once in a video.
  • On default shonen series tend to have a lot of Skillet, Within Temptation, Breaking Benjamin, Linkin Park, Three Days Grace, and Red videos.
  • Have a Tear Jerker or Utsuge series with lots of death, mortal stakes at hand or major deaths? The acoustic version of "Life is Beautiful" by Sixx A.M., and for older amvs "Meant To Live" by Switchfoot, is relatively common.
  • Animal related series and movies and symphonic metal are often paired together. Within Temptation probably gets used the most.
  • "Remember The Name" by Fort Minor is one of the few rap songs commonly used for action shonen series.
  • Florence + the Machine is popular for dramatic series.
  • "Chu Chu Lovely" by Maximum The Hormone is frequently used for comedy videos. Often times the maker doesn't realize the actual meaning to the song.

Sex
  • Salacious scenes from various series set to Avenue Q's "The Internet is For Porn".
  • "You Give Love a Bad Name" by Bon Jovi for Evil Is Sexy characters.
  • Right Said Fred's "I'm Too Sexy" for the Walking Shirtless Scene. Ironic uses have been spotted as well, such as a Flash animation that used the song for Snape.
  • Most popular Boys Love series are set to "Flesh" by Simon Curtis, "Joystick" by Simon Curtis, or the Far cover of "Pony", at one time or another.

Shipping
  • Foe Yay pairings:
  • "Your Love is my Drug" by Ke$ha is the go-to song for EVERY pairing EVER.
  • Avril Lavigne has two songs popular with Die for Our Ship themed videos: Girlfriend and "Sk8er Boi".
  • In the mid to late 2000s Cascada songs were exceedingly common. "Truly, Madly, Deeply" and "Everytime We Touch" for almost every couple (the latter being especially common in slideshow videos for Naruto ships), "Bad Boy" for Foe Yay and the obvious, and "Miracle" for dysfunctional romances.
  • Songs common for Belligerent Sexual Tension, Slap-Slap-Kiss couples, and Tsundere characters:
    • John Mellencamp's "Hurts So Good" ("Sometimes love don't feel like it should, you make it — oof — hurt so good."
    • "Hot and Cold" by Katy Perry is a popular choice for Slap-Slap-Kiss.
    • If the Tsundere is violent, and an harem is involved expect "My Wife Met My Girlfriend" to make an appearance.
    • Another common video from the Tsundere's perspective is "He Drives Me Crazy" — usually combining tsuntsun visuals with the deredere music.
    • A Kiss With A Fist by Florence + the Machine is popular.
    • On the flipside, Click-Five's "Just the Girl" reads as an invaritable anthem for the guys who fall in love with tsunderes. "She's So Mean" by Matchbox 20, "She's a Lady" by Forever the Sickest Kids, and "Always Gets Her Way" by Smash Mouth are also good choices.
  • Couples/Characters that have gone through several incarnations (Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson, Link and Zelda) will have at LEAST one tribute with "A Thousand Years" by Christina Perri.
  • Shippy Tearjerker videos set to Snow Patrol's "Chasing Cars." Really, shippy Tearjerker vids set to anything by Snow Patrol.
  • As with the previous type, another popular technique is to combine a saccharine Dating Sim theme song with a completely unrelated show.
  • "Accidentally in Love" by Counting Crows is often used for two mismatched lovers.
  • Songs popular for a Love Triangle:
  • "All About Us" by t.A.T.u. is sometimes used for Star-Crossed Lovers.
  • Songs common for same-gender romances:
    • "All The Things She Said" by t.A.T.u. is the yuri song of choice.
    • Any time you get a yuri (or non-anime lesbian) couple, expect a lot of t.A.t.U. vids. Uranus and Neptune from Sailor Moon have videos featuring almost their entire discography.
    • "I Kissed a Girl" by Katy Perry is equally popular, if not more-so, than "All The Things She Said". The song is used for EVERY femslash pairing EVER. This is despite the fact that it's a song about experimenting with women while having a boyfriend, it's used in videos about people who are in long term relationships.
    • The male version by Cobra Starship ("I Kissed A Boy") is getting quite popular for slash pairings, even if it's even less fitting
    • Have a girl with onesided affections towards her friend? "Jenny" by Studio Killers is common, often even if they're requited. Similarly "I'm Not Gonna Teach Your Boyfriend How To Dance With You" by Black Kids and the Across the Universe cover of "I Wanna Hold Your Hand".
    • Or if it's a boy with one-sided affections towards a guy? "Jesse" by Ivri Lider is common.
    • "Parachute" by Ingrid Michaelson is common for couples, especially same gender ones.
    • "If You Were Gay" from Avenue Q for comical videos about Ambiguously Gay characters.
  • "I Won't Say (I'm In Love)," from Hercules, or The Cheetah Girls cover, for any UST couple. Or a couple where the vid's maker sees the UST, but the showrunners don't.
  • EVERY pairing EVER needs to go along with "Love Story" by Taylor Swift or "Why Don't You And I"? Because all relationships perfectly fit these two songs.
  • "Teenage Dream" by Katy Perry is frequently used for any relationship involving teenage characters.
  • "I Like It" by Enrique Iglesias (used prominently in Jersey Shore, of all places) is becoming a popular choice within the Disney/non-Disney crossover video crowd. (See here, here, here and here.)
  • It seems like every many sci-fi pairings in general (especially prominent in the Star Trek fandom) have at least one video set to The Calling's "Wherever You Will Go".
  • Expect to see at least one video per shipping, alternatively per fandom if its a small one, with "Look at Us Now" by Sarina Paris
  • The Nightmare Before Christmas's "Sally's Song" is a common choice for any pairing, one-sided or not.
  • "I Like A Boy In Uniform" by The Pipettes for bisexuals or school-centric romances.
  • "Diary of Jane" by Breaking Benjamin used to be popular for all ships, especially dramatic or angsty ones.
  • Pretty much every angst couple/unrequited love pairing has a fanvid to "My Skin" by Natalie Merchant thanks to the memetic Lily/Snape vid from Harry Potter.
  • "Don't Stand Close To Me" by The Police is frequently used for when a young character has a Precocious Crush on an older character.
  • "Malchik Gay" by t.A.T.u. is used for ships where a girl falls for a boy who is gay.
  • Trading Yesterday songs are common with sad romance videos. "Just A Little Girl", "May I", "Love Song Requiem", "Shattered", and "She Is The Sunlight" are the most frequently used songs.
  • Both "Crazy Possessive" by Kaci Battaglia and "Super Psycho Love" by Simon Curtis are very commonly used for couples featuring a yandere.

    Fandom Specific 
Anime and Manga

Comic Books

Film

LiveActionTV
  • Since Once Upon a Time uses an amazing amount of shout-outs to Disney Animated Canon, fanvids mashing up Disney film music and the series or even mixing the show's characters and their Disney counterparts are common.

Video Games
  • Cutscenes from Final Fantasy to an Evanescence song.
  • Anything overlaid on a Stupid Statement Dance Mix. These usually (but not always) come out of Japan; bonus points accrue if voice clips from the characters are set to the rhythm and/or melody of the song. Some particularly devoted creators will actually cut and paste very short samples of the character's voice so they "sing along" — usually in a very mechanical way — to the song; these are termed "manual Vocaloids" due to the popularity of Hatsune Miku and friends. Like so. The canonical example of such a song is Marisa Stole The Precious Thing, although others have since emerged.
  • Magna-Fi's "Who I Am" is an unused theme for Shadow from Sonic the Hedgehog and it is glaringly obvious by the lyrics. Obviously more than a few GMVs, and Sonic X AMVs, exist for him with it.

Western Animation

    X with alternate music 
  • Grabbing a specific scene, mostly or totally unaltered and unedited, from a work of media, and adding it music from a foreign work, specifically inserted to better blend in, sometimes improving upon the original music placement. In this regard it differs entirely from your traditional AMVs.

Anime and Manga

Live-Action TV
  • In British Formula One fandom anytime the BBC doesn't have the TV rights the new opening titles will show up with "The Chain" by Fleetwood Mac replacing the music.

Video Games

Web Original

     Funny re-cuts 
  • Re-cutting a show as its own Parody or Affectionate Parody occurs frequently.
  • Cut some good scenes, take them out of context and insert in a new one, mix them with awkward silences, gasping or groaning, stir and cook for some time... and viola, you get yourself a Fan Vid so slashy or dirty that the creators' faces would turn red had they chance to see it.
  • Crossover re-cuts are fairly popular. Creative fans use several sources with the same performer to find some humour or awkwardness. Alternatively, it's used to add a desired flavour. For instance, Brokeback Mountain music is very popular for Slashy videos or Twilight Zone for some mystery.
  • Fine selections of the best snarks, coolest showdowns or most badass moments are well-liked among viewers.
  • Collecting every single utterance of a show's Catch Phrases or all occurrences of Running Gags in one Fan Vid is favourite sub-category.
  • Fandubs, video clips that have had all of the audio removed and replaced by spoken audio, either from another show or by the fan's own voice acting. These are usually humorous in nature, although some fandub projects crop up by fans who hated the original professional dub of a series (or noticed that there wasn't one) and want to give it a better one. As an aside to the copyright infringement issues, humorous fandubs are not considered infringement, at least under US law. Parody and satire are protected free speech under the First Amendment — the decisions in favor of MAD alone could fill a minor law library.
  • Snarky MST-like cut reviews with commentaries, either subtitled or dubbed, are popular and fairly more creative than just mixing the scenes with music.

    Other common techniques 

Examples

    Multiple Mediums 

    Anime and Manga 

    Film 

    Live-Action TV 
  • In January 2008, a Firefly/Serenity video set to "Defying Gravity" (from the musical Wicked) garnered the approval and recommendation of no less than Joss Whedon himself.
  • A Doctor Who fan created "The Five Doctors", which is essentially a very high-budget Youtube Poop.
    • The Master dancing in the show to part of "I Can't Decide" by Scissor Sisters also led to the creation of fan vids set to that song which included clips of him dancing to it, creating an interesting recursive effect. Here is one of about 300 of them.
    • One played for chilling effect is "Handlebars", about the Tenth Doctor. It plays up his goofy aspects at the start, but as the song becomes darker, the video shifts to showing his dangerous side and megalomaniac tendencies, with the consequences to foe and friend alike.
  • Now with over a million views, this was one of the first Kirk/Spock videos and has been played at several (non-slash!) major conventions. It's a bit disturbing, but a classic.
  • "Ordinary Day" by Vanessa Carlton is very popular for Doctor Who vids, like this one.
  • One notable video is the impressive Addicted To ''Lost'', whose makers actually tweaked the audio of the original song ("Addicted To Love") so that Robert Palmer appears to be singing the new title line. The kicker? This isn't technically a fanvid. It's an actual promotional video that aired on ABC during the 2005 Super Bowl.
  • The unofficial theme song for Gomez and Morticia Addams appears to be "The Masochism Tango" from Tom Lerher. Not surprising, as they're Happily Married with a side of Too Kinky to Torture
  • This may not exactly be popular, but there are also Power Rangers/{insert whatevermedia here} crossovers, with characters from the other show/game/whatever 'starring' as any respective Power Ranger.
  • A very funny (and appropriate) fanvid for Torchwood is set to "Banned from Argo" by Leslie Fish & the Dehorn Crew. The verse about finding "the captain" engaged in group sex with five kinds of aliens? Yeah, the line was written for James Kirk, but Jack Harkness manages to out-do Kirk for Boldly Coming.
  • Despite being over thirty years old, Blake's 7 has some awesome fanvids. This one is a very wry one about the cheesy production values. This one lampshades and parodies the bleak tone. This one wins for being a marvelous piece of meta-fiction. The song itself is practically filk with the two lead singers playing the main characters, the clips are depicting the events sung about in the song, and the band itself was named for the series.
  • Community spoofed an actual fanvid of their show in the episode "Paradigms of Human Memory". Annie brings up all the glances and Will They or Won't They? moments she and Jeff have had and it cuts to a silly Noodle Incident montage set to the love song "Gravity" by Sara Bareilles. Jeff points out you could do the same thing with Pierce and Abed and a montage of innocuous moments between those two set to the same song is shown. It is an Affectionate Parody(or as creator Dan Harmon tweeted "homage") to a real Jeff/Annie fanvid made two months after the show premiered.
  • Heroes character tributes are popular. Like Sylar for instance. Also mixing and matching music or dialogue from other series.
  • THE X FILES: THE TWILIGHT ZONE: The X-Files meets The Simpsons meets The Twilight Zone. High quality editing and immensely amusing.
  • Favorite Mulderisms and Scullyisms and Mulderisms and Scullyisms, pt2 by snakey973. Great selection of snarks and funny moments. Fitting music and captions.
  • X-Files // Crack!Vid and X-Files // Crack!Vid pt2 by snakey973. The vids have both hilarious and poignant scenes, very good editing and very well chosen dialogue and music. It includes Crossover quotes from various movies and shows Played for Laughs. Running Joke is Scully's new theme: a song by Lily Allen "Fuck You" which appears whenever someone bothers or insults her, or plainly tries to fuck with her or Mulder.
  • Videos by acoupleanutcases are legendary in Horatio Hornblower fandom. Especially noteworthy is "Roll Call" when Hornblower characters resemble and talk like The Muppets, "Hornblower Spoof", poking fun at Ho Yay moments of the show, and "Brokeback Hornblower", an obligatory re-cut with music from Brokeback Mountain with excellently chosen lines and scenes, which turns Horatio and Archie from Heterosexual Life-Partners into a gay couple. Link to the playlist.
  • One of the more highly regarded Fan Vid's is Johan Ohberg's "Oz Gangs" video series, begun in 2009 and ended recently in late 2013, a series of videos that blend music with footage and dialogue from the HBO show Oz that showcases the members of the gangs and factions in Oswald State Penitentiary. The full playlist can be found here

    Music 

    Tabletop Games 

    Video Games 

    Web Comics 

    Web Original 

    Western Animation 

    Real Life 
  • Another early progenitor of the modern Fan Vid: Fighter Fling, created by none other than the F-14 Tomcat fighter squadrons of the United States Navy. That's right, even the hotshot Top Gun types were into this sort of thing! From 1989 to 2004 (when the Tomcat's retirement was announced), the squadrons would produce one long yearbook-like video of Tomcats and their crew acting Badass or Bunny-Eared set to whatever music was popular at the time. Every so often, clips or entire Fighter Fling videos appear on YouTube, but as they are no less copyright violations than the average modern-day Fan Vid, they are often taken down due to DMCA.
    • The final Fighter Fling produced in 2004 included a sendup of Van Halen's "Right Now" music video, centered upon the final days of the F-14 Tomcat's service history.
    • This sequence from Fighter Fling 2004 says it all. You will never doubt the quirkiness of the United States military ever again.
  • Footage of Hitler's army being deployed seems to fit well with Krook's March from Donkey Kong Country 2 here, as it does with John Williams' Imperial March here.

Alternative Title(s): Fan Videos, Anime Music Video

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/Fanvid