This is a partial character sheet for the Video Game Fallout: New Vegas. Visit here for the main character index. Subjective trope and audience reactions should go on the YMMV page.
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''Pax Per Bellum" (Peace through War)
—The Legion's motto as inscribed on their gold coins
"To enslave them is to save them, to give them purpose and virtue."
Courier: Why is the Legion so... strange?A merciless and well-organized nation of imperialistic slavers originated from Arizona in the area around the Grand Canyon. Founded by the charismatic and dangerous Caesar. They modelled their society on the Roman Empire and believe that through forced assimilation of the people that they conquer, humanity will one day all be united under the banner of the Legion, putting an end to all wars. They are currently aiming to push the NCR out of the area and conquer the Mojave Wasteland, and one day, California.
Caesar: I used Imperial Rome as the model for my Legion precisely because it was so foreign, so alien. I'd seen what had become of the NCR's attempt to emulate the culture of Pre-War America - the infighting, the corruption. Rome was a highly militarized autocracy that effectively integrated the foreign cultures it conquered. It dedicated its citizens to something higher than themselves - to the idea of Rome itself. In Rome, I found a template for a society equal to the challenges of the post-apocalyptic world - a society that could and would survive. A society that could prevent mankind from fracturing and destroying itself in this new world, by establishing a new Pax Romana.
Courier: What does "Pax Romana" mean?
Caesar: It means a nationalist, imperialist, totalitarian, homogeneous culture that obliterates the identity of every group it conquers. Long term stability at all costs. The individual has no value beyond his utility to the state, whether as an instrument of war or production.
Caesar: I used Imperial Rome as the model for my Legion precisely because it was so foreign, so alien. I'd seen what had become of the NCR's attempt to emulate the culture of Pre-War America - the infighting, the corruption. Rome was a highly militarized autocracy that effectively integrated the foreign cultures it conquered. It dedicated its citizens to something higher than themselves - to the idea of Rome itself. In Rome, I found a template for a society equal to the challenges of the post-apocalyptic world - a society that could and would survive. A society that could prevent mankind from fracturing and destroying itself in this new world, by establishing a new Pax Romana.
Courier: What does "Pax Romana" mean?
Caesar: It means a nationalist, imperialist, totalitarian, homogeneous culture that obliterates the identity of every group it conquers. Long term stability at all costs. The individual has no value beyond his utility to the state, whether as an instrument of war or production.
Provides examples of:
- Affably Evil: Inculta is a bit like this, although his actions can say otherwise. Legate Lanius, despite being much more brutal than the other two, is surprisingly polite to the Courier, disapproves of Vulpes' methods of handling the West, and praises you if you have earned his respect or sided with Caesar. Caesar himself is a pretty good boss as long as you do not question his ideals too much/don't fail him. Even if you do fail him (or cross him), owning up to it and apologizing will cause him to forgive you. Lucius will apologize to you for blaming you if you fail to cure Caesar, and is even willing to teach you unarmed moves if you haven't been hostile to the Legion.
- Ax-Crazy: Most of the Legion members you meet are a bunch of psychotic thugs looking to rape, torture and murder everyone they come across. Even Caesar himself, despite his well-intentioned ambitions and rational veneer becomes unhealthily sadistic and kill-happy when he loses his temper.
- Altum Videtur: Their entire culture is based on the Roman Empire and they love to use Latin in their speeches.
- Always Chaotic Evil: A different example than most, since their leader is an intelligent man with a spelled-out motivation and large ambitions. However, they play it straight in every other aspect; every legionary from top to bottom is an evil marauder who rapes and kills for fun at the command of Caesar. You never meet a single member who can even be called decent.
- Armor Is Useless: Excepting the Centurions and the armor they loot from fallen enemies, Legion armor is terrible in comparison to NCR armor. It may have something to do with most of it being made of football pads.
- Assimilation Plot: A cultural version. It's not enough for them to conquer territory; they explicitly aim to erase the cultural identity of everyone they conquer and make it their own, so that there are no nations, tribes, or gangs; there is only Nova Roma.note
- Badass Army: Every Legionary, from the Legate on down, is either an experienced combatant or dead. The rank-and-file might not be terribly creative or well-armed, but even Colonel Moore admits they are in fantastic shape and fanatically loyal, charging machine gun nests with little more than a sharp stick if their commander orders it. Caesar is an exception; he relies on his brains to get around his lack of brawn.
- Badass Normal: Though the lower grunts of the Legion are poorly-armed and rarely given formal training other than "Hit this until it's dead", NCR soldiers note how ferocious they are in battle, and how even small squads of Legionaries can wipe out much larger companies of NCR troopers in melee combat.
- Badass Native: The very first Legionary, bar Caesar and Graham, were all Blackfoot Indians. The feathered headdresses worn by the Decani seem to reflect this.
- Based on a Great Big Lie: According to the New Vegas game guide, Caesar claims to be the son of Mars and though most new slaves are doubtful their children are indoctrinated to believe it.
- Berserk Button: Never say Joshua Graham in front of the Caesar or Lanius.
- Beware the Silly Ones: Let's face it, they look ridiculous in those outfits. But they're cunning, sadistic, numerous and an enormous threat in the Mojave and far beyond.
- Bread and Circuses: The Legion rules over what they consider "civilized people" this way. Settlements that willingly accept Caesar as their supreme ruler, pay tribute to the Legion, and obey its men's requests and orders unquestionably are given the Legion's protection and modest supply of water, food, and electricity in exchange. Raul notices that they have turned Arizona, which used to be quite a hell-hole, into a somewhat stable and peaceful area this way. However, if the Legion writes off a group as an "uncivilized" tribe, they receive no such offer and are brutally crushed and forcibly subjugated.
- Child Soldiers: Listen to Ranger Andy's story and he'll tell you that the Legion have no issues with using child soldiers for suicide attacks against the NCR, knowing that the NCR soldiers will hesitate before they start shooting. When visiting the Fort, you can also see some young children training to be full Legionaries. Those children have an even worse implication: even in the NCR, many soldiers joined the active military at 16. Those aforementioned Legion children are expecting to be allowed to fight soon. Therefore it's likely the Legionaries become active soldiers very young. There is even a story about Lanius in which he (conflicting his usual story) became a soldier at age 12 note . While that seems to be the exception, there is also Chief Hanlon, who tells us that anyone who survives 10 years as a soldier in Caesar's Legion is exceptional and can be considered a veteran, since most of them die long before that. Think about that for a moment, and then about how old most of those Legionaries you are fighting probably are.
- Color-Coded for Your Convenience: The most depraved and aggressive faction in the game wears red.
- Democracy Is Bad: The Legion is at war with the NCR because Caesar is ideologically opposed to their democratic form of government. He considers democracy an extension of the corruption that existed during the Old World, ultimately doomed to fail, and believes that NCR's rampant inefficiency is a sign that this form of government cannot be sustained. Ironically, what made Pax Romana-era Rome stand out in relation to its contemporaries, was that leadership was held by multiple parties, though it wasn't really a modern democracy. Ruling as Caesar does would have gotten an actual Roman leader assassinated for being an aspiring king, even during the early centuries of the Empire.
- Desert Bandits: Deemed this by the NCR, but quite averted in practice. The Legion's doesn't raid neutral caravans or loot neutral towns (usually), nor do they enslave or rob random travelers (usually). They pursue Raiders and other wasteland nasties with extreme prejudice as well, which the NCR can't (or won't) often do.
- Dirty Coward: While they boast about their loyalty and bravado, there are hints that some Legionaries may simply be ignorant rather than courageous. The terrifying presence perk usually only unnerves average NPCs, but the Legion assassins Karl sends after you? They run in terror. While less likely to flee combat than their NCR counterparts, Legionaries will still run away (which they themselves claim never happens), or even put their hands over their heads and cower in fear and Lanius himself will run to heal if he gets too low on health. Many Legionaries may not be used to outright defiance.
- Dramatically Missing the Point: The army of pillaging Roman cosplayers led by a history nerd turned continental super conqueror can't (or won't) bring themselves to use technology, form stable alliances, or position themselves as a lesser threat than their enemies to independent or minor factions. In short, they act less like Rome than the NCR does.
- The Empire: The Legion has been at war ever since it was founded and either assimilated or crushed every single community that they encountered. The NCR, Mr. House, and the Brotherhood are the first real opposition that they've ever seen. The Legion domestic policies include killing the sick, the weak and the elderly since they are not worthy of being alive, and wiping out the cultural identity of everyone under their rule.
- Evil Counterpart Race: Caesar has deliberately cultivated the Legion to be this trope to NCR, through the Hegelian dialectic ideas of thesis-antithesis-synthesis. The NCR is the thesis, and its inherent corruption and inefficiencies have led to the rise of the Legion, its antithesis. The war between the two factions will create synthesis, a stronger whole forged from the two opposing original concepts.
- Elite Mooks:
- The aptly named "Veteran Legionaries."
- Most Legion NPCs have significantly higher health and deal better damage than their NCR counterparts, and while NCR troopers can easily be wiped out at lower levels, Legionaries remain quite strong much later into the game.
- A much better example is the Legionary Assassins. Made up of the best warriors in the entire Legion; though their armor identifies them by certain roles, such as Praetorian Armor and Vexilarius Helmets, the Legionary Assassins are far stronger and better equipped than the generic versions of these soldiers. They travel across the wasteland in squads of four, searching for particularly dangerous enemies of the Legion. That means you. Once you pass level 25, they're the only type of legionary that will pose a legitimate threat.
- Evil Is Petty: One of the actions that earns you Legion fame? Ripping up a child's teddy bear in front of her.
- Eviler Than Thou: All the main factions in the game are pretty crooked, but the Legion surpass them all with the possible exceptions of the Fiends and Omertas. On top of brutal slavery, legalizing rape and killing slaves in the arena for fun, their leader is a psychopathic manchild who slaughters whole cities over a grudge and kills people for accidentally insulting his ego.
- Evil Power Vacuum: House speculates that this will be the fate of the Legion once Caesar is out of the picture. With no strong charismatic figure to unite under, the Legion will fall to infighting and destroy itself within a year. Unfortunately, this also means that the territories of the Legion will fall back into anarchy. Sadly subverted should the Courier take it upon himself to put one in Caesar's head early on: his subordinates pick up the reigns rather seamlessly.
- Faceless Mooks: Many Legion soldiers wear balaclavas and sunglasses to cover their faces.
- Fantastic Racism: They dislike Ghouls and Super Mutants, though not to the extent of the Enclave or Brotherhood of Steel. According to J.E Sawyer, towns in Legion territory have a relatively decent standard of living, but the Legion either wipes out or enslaves tribes and crushes their unique characteristics either way. Sawyer also states that the main reason that Super Mutants and Ghouls are not part of the Legion is that the mutant population in Arizona is too small to make a difference and ghouls, being centuries old, are too jaded to buy into Caesar's propaganda.
- Fantasy Counterpart Culture: Their tactics and objectives more closely mirror the various "barbarians" Rome fought and eventually was subsumed by than Rome itself, a fact which mortifies Caesar himself. Although entirely unintended at the time of the game's release, they also bear an eerie and disturbing similarity to the brutal "Islamic State" terrorist entity currently brutalizing parts of Iraq and Syria.
- Fascist, but Inefficient: Played with. It's noted by various characters, including the Courier in the ending that an economy sustained primarily through pillaging will not last long, especially when trying to invade a trade-based society like the NCR and that once Caesar dies or if there are a lack of enemies to fight, the Legion will likely turn to infighting. But on the other hand, Caesar's intent is to take New Vegas and turn the Legion from a nomadic horde into a self-sustaining settled empire. It is also much better than the NCR at keeping peace in its territories.
- Faux Affably Evil: Legionaries are formal and disciplined to a fault; they won't even touch alcohol. This doesn't stop them insulting the Courier (if you do not side with them), torturing NCR prisoners for fun, indulging in cannibalism, or raping slaves.
- Future Imperfect: Less than you'd expect, since Caesar did his homework and knows quite a bit about the Roman Republic, Empire, and Julius Caesar. The parts that are Roman are reasonably accurate and even the language is emulated correctly. Still, as pointed out by Arcade, it's not Rome, just an army that's using it as a theme. The Legion deliberately doctors history to suit their own needs, such as teaching that Caesar is the son of Mars and that the Great War didn't happen, the apocalypse instead being a punishment from Mars for the Old World's ways.
- For the Evulz: A mixed bag. While many of the lower-ranking Legionaries love killing and bloodshed for... well, the killing and bloodshed, speaking with Caesar himself and his highest officers portrays their starkly different motives. They do enjoy brutality and war, but they enjoy it with the idea that one day the Legion can create a wasteland utopia, not for the sheer fun of murdering folks.
- Gameplay and Story Segregation: Despite the comments that they're trained to fight to the death with no regard for their own safety, members with low HP are still likely to run and hide.
- Gray and Grey Morality: Caesar "intentionally a very dark grey.".
- Happiness in Slavery: Despite being a large slave army, the individual Legionaries seem quite content at their station. For example Lucius, Dead Sea, and Antony cheerfully talk about how their tribes were massacred, and how happy they are to be a part of the Legion. Even the two children in The Fort speak hopefully about the day they will become full legionaries. However, this is because Legionaries, despite Caesar's views on the subject, consider themselves to be a military organization, and not slaves. They view belonging to Caesar as more of a military creed than law. For example, Vulpes, Gabban, and Ulysseus call them either "Men or the Legion," or "my brothers". Furthermore throughout the Fort, any time a Legion member discusses the slaves they clearly refer to them as a separate class. "The Slaves have been spreading stores about the Burned Man again." "Have you seen the new slaves, some of them are quite beautiful." Regardless of their status, they are clearly treated better than the slaves they capture. Some high ranking Legion members have slaves of their own. In addition, Legionaries are frequently found with Legion coin on them, meaning they are paid in some way. The Legion also rewards its members for special feats; like Dead Sea and the Liberator. This trope is very averted for those captured; the Legion subjects them to chattel slavery, and deprives them of all rights. Canyon Runner, disturbingly, talks about how they are no longer human, and should be proud of their status.
- The Horde: Their entire purpose is to conquer and enslave everyone else. Even Caesar admits that they are more like the barbarians of Gaul than the legions of Rome.note
- Hordes from the East: A post-apocalyptic North American variant.
- They always talk about how important loyalty is, and how they follow it, and apparently the lack of loyalty is the reason they butchered Nipton. However, they themselves are infamous for betraying their allies all the time. It's their official policy, actually.
- Caesar teaches that the weak are unworthy of living and deserve to perish, and has outlawed all chems and technology including stimpacks because they contribute to making humanity weak and frail for relying on them. The second you get into his tent you'll see his bodyguards are armed with advanced power fists, he has an Auto Doc in his bedroom, and oh yes, he has a fatal brain tumor and sees no problem in using modern medicine to save his own skin.
- Apparently the Legion are very big on Asskicking Equals Authority and general social Darwinism. They butcher and enslave Nipton primarily because they could, and justify it by arguing that they deserved it because they couldn't resist. If you kill Vulpes and by extension all his goons, the Legion will send assassins after you to avenge his death. Guess the whole "survival of the strongest" thing only applies when it's convenient to them.
- The Legion is supposedly anti-drug, but legionaries occasionally carry Hydra, which is an addictive chem. It's also implied that they manufacture Hydra themselves, because the only renewable sources of cave fungus (an ingredient for Hydra) are legionaries and picking it from the caves in Zion (which is in Utah, a state whose territory is mostly controlled by the Legion). Most likely Hydra is considered exempt from "no chem" rules because they're considered "tribal medicine", but this is a rather meaningless distinction. In fact, the two main healing medicines used by the Legion are healing powder and bitter drink, which you craft from the exact same active ingredients as stimpaks (broc flower and xander root) just minus the syringe. And while Healing Powder isn't addictive, it temporary reduces your Perception because it tampers your sight, similar to numerous drugs.
- This even extends to ex-members, such as Joshua Graham and Ulysses. Joshua claims he doesn't enjoy killing, but his actions when fighting the White Legs speaks for itself. Ulysses (among other things) hates The Courier for accidentally destroying his new home, The Divide. But he intentionally trained the White Legs to destroy New Canaan, Joshua's home on Caesar's behalf.
- The Legion considers NCR's victory in the First Battle of Hoover Dam dishonorable, as they did not fight the Legion head on but instead retreated to draw the Legion's main force into an area heavily trapped with explosives. At the same time, the Legion employs equally underhanded tactics, such as hiding proximity mines under corpses of NCR soldiers and killing everyone in Searchlight with a suicide mission (which their operatives did not know would be suicide) to unleash radioactive waste on the town.
- They sneer at NCR's citizens as weak and cowardly. Despite this the rank and file Legion members you fight will turn and flee at low health like any other enemies, and many named members you can engage in conversation can be cowed with the Terrifying Presence perk.
- I'm a Humanitarian: Cannibalism is an accepted practice among the Legion, though not all its members are cannibals.
- Ink-Suit Actor: Caesar's, Vulpes's, and Aurelius's faces are all based on their respective voice actors.
- In-Name-Only: Despite modelling themselves on Rome, they much more resemble Sparta. Everyone is a slave or soldier, art and technology is unheard of, the slaves support the warriors, the physically and mentally handicapped are executed, and doing horribly cruel things is seen as a sign of strength. Caesar even comments that he thinks the Legion appears closer to the hordes of Gaul.
- Jerkass: Every single one of them. Oddly enough, most of Caesar's inner circle are a lot more polite than his soldiers and officers.
- Jerkass Has a Point: Though manipulative and cruel, Caesar makes some startlingly true observations about the Wasteland and the corruption of the NCR, which seems to be echoed by many "free" people of the Mojave. He notes that as brutal as his lands are, they're the safest to travel through, and that while the NCR acts like the saviors of the Mojave, they more often than not seize and capture what they want, when they want, without any consideration of the Mojave's people and landowners.
- Judge, Jury, and Executioner: For better or worse, the Legion actively takes a role in policing and enacting justice in the Mojave and abroad, even in neutral areas. The Legion's leaders, such as Vulpes, may have entire towns burned down or enslaved to punish crime and banditry, and while quite brutal, it ends up in Legion-controlled territory being the safest in the West.
- Kick the Dog: Pretty much their entire lifestyle. When they're not massacring entire communities and committing grisly atrocities they entertain themselves by raping women, giggling about how much they like raping women, molesting children, watching slaves getting slaughtered in the arena, eating human flesh, committing human sacrifice, telling passers-by they deserve to by crucified, stealing teddy bears and gushing about how much they're looking forward to murdering their enemies.
- Lack of Empathy:
- Aside from loyalty to Caesar most Legionaries lack any form of compassion to other people. They torture NCR soldiers for fun, regularly rape female slaves and even their generic dialogue has them smugly deride the inexperience of their fellow soldiers who died in Nelson and drooling over raping slaves. Some like Silus even go out of their way to make sure collars keep slaves in perpetual pain.
- A more subtle example is Legion-friendly trader Dale Barton. He'll happily trade with you and praise the Legion for their security polices without even the slightest sign of discomfort at the abuse of slaves going on right in front of him, nor will he even bat an eye at the crucified recruits.
- Legion of Doom: No pun intended. Caesar has constructed an alliance to destroy NCR that includes previous Fallout villains such as the Khans and Van Graffs, as well as the White Legs, Omertas and Fiends. The player can also recruit the White Gloves, Boomers and even the Enclave.
- Meet the New Boss:
- Caesar's manifesto is remarkably similar to The Master and his Unity, only with Legionaries instead of Super Mutants. You can even talk to Super Mutant Marcus about Caesar, and while he doesn't make a direct comparison you definitely get the vibe that he's seen it all before and knows it just isn't going to work.
- Despite his contempt for Pre-War America, Caesar's flaws are worryingly similar to those of the Enclave. The glimpses we get of Legion's atrocities are remarkably similar to the iconic image of a soldier in Power Armor executing a captured and bound Canadian in the introduction to the original Fallout. The invasion of Canada and the sacking of New Canaan are also similar - both were innocent settlements that happened to have something their aggressors wanted, and so were brutally crushed. For all Caesar's attempts to make the Legion appear alien, their obsessive nationalism and intensely racist ideology are also more than a little familiar.
- Although they despise the NCR for its love of money to the detriment of its people, the Legion's forces focus on protecting traders and caravans, many of whom profit directly of the Legion's war effort - while slaves and women are routinely abused and raped by Legion soldiers. Much like the NCR, they're aggressively imperialistic. It took NCR over a hundred years to reach its current size while the Legion equalled it in less than a lifetime. And while they belittle the NCR for trying to recreate pre-war America, the Legion is repeating many of the Old World's mistakes, such as the use of nuclear weapons at Searchlight and their brutality towards prisoners.
- No Sympathy Between Mooks: If you thought their hatred of everyone else was bad enough, the Legionaries even sneer at the death of the Nelson Garrison if you opt to help the NCR in "Restoring Hope", mocking their inexperience. You can also find several crucified legionaries around the Fort who were punished for failure. None of the legionaries walking around seem to mind.
- Not So Different: Though the player only sees the Legion war presence, it is known that the Legion possesses much more territory than fringes in the Mojave. Like the NCR, they have their own production facilities, currency, and citizenship, along with government and leadership that answers to Caesar. Non-citizens can still pledge an oath of loyalty to Caesar and receive protection under them, but be required to pay tithes to the Legion. Other than this, they are left alone.
- No Woman's Land:
- Women in the Legion are restricted to domestic roles or made slaves, with the exception of the female-only priestly caste, according to the FNV official guide. If your character is female, the slave Siri will tell you that this is the first time that she met a woman who isn't a slave after she got captured by the Legion.
- Somewhat subverted if the Courier is a female. Though plenty of Legionaries will still be hostile about your gender, others will be neutral and a few even respectful of you if you side with the Legion. Caesar's attitude towards you depends solely on your actions and dialogue with him, rarely bringing up your gender.
- Sawyer stated he wanted this to be justified by Caesar as women are the only ones capable of giving birth and he wants them to create as many soldiers as possible (which makes sense considering the Legion's a constantly-fighting entity). This was not properly communicated during development, but it basically doesn't matter: that just means their grand plan is to value women strictly for their biology, which is still immensely sexist. Caesar, however, puts a good deal of importance to Legion women in his statements, as they are what "keeps the Legion going."
- Goes differently with Legion-born female citizens. Similar to Ancient Rome, non-slaves receive considerably better treatment, and this goes double for women. Unlike the beaten and raped slave-women, the citizenry are typically treated much better, given roles as teachers, healers, and priests. Non-Legion women that aren't enslaved but reside in Legion territory are rarely if ever bothered by Legionaries, and female traders are treated no differently from male traders.
- Odd Name Out: While most of them have Roman names, a few, like Dead Sea and Canyon Runner, don't. No explanation is given for this, considering The Legion's policy towards thorough cultural genocide.
- Politically Incorrect Villain:
- Enslaving everyone either as a breeder or slave soldier.
- The Fallout New Vegas Game Guide also says that they're racist against ghouls and super mutants.
- Also, despite some rumors floating around the Mojave, mostly between NCR citizens, they are very homophobic, punishing homosexuality with death, if what Jimmy says is true. Rather ironic, when you consider the society Caesar's Legion is emulating.
- The real kicker is their attitude towards rape. Siri, who's been around the empire, makes it clear that the rape of female slaves is extremely common. They even boast about it in the audio logs left in Camp Charlie, the default dialogue of Legion soldiers has them lusting after slave girls and even Canyon Runner is very open about selling Sammy Weathers for sex.
- Praetorian Guard: Since it is a faction based off Ancient Rome, this is a given. They're armed with Ballistic Fists in this case.
- Putting On The Römisches Reich: Caesar modelled the Legion on Rome, particularly the post-Republic Roman Empire. He starts by uniting some tribes...
- Rape Is a Special Kind of Evil: Rape is both legal and encouraged in Legion territory. More soldiers are always necessary and the woman's consent is a non-issue. Siri says it's common for adult women, and not even children and old women are safe. Canyon Runner openly sells Sammy Weathers for "breeding", the New Vegas Game guide mentions Caesar and his Legates assign women to particular officers and JE Sawyer confirmed all enslaved women in Legion territory are used for sex.
- Rape, Pillage, and Burn: Their standard operational procedure after taking control of an area. When you confront Legate Lanius and have a maxed-out barter skill, you can point out that this is not a sustainable method for the Legion to operate under.
- Red and Black and Evil All Over: Their look.
- Religion of Evil: Among the Legion Caesar is worshipped as the son of Mars himself, with human sacrifice performed in his name.
- Rising Empire: Caesar sees his Legion as this. He intends on conquering New Vegas and establishing it as his Nova Roma, the nerve center from which he will go on to destroy the NCR.
- Science Is Bad: Caesar believes that mankind's dependence on technology is what caused the Great War. He also thinks that it makes people weak and lazy over time. Therefore technology such as medicine beyond that of tribal remedies and war machines that allow for fighting without risking men (for example, robots) are banned. Energy Weapons are fair game because they're just guns. Caesar keeping an Auto-Doc and possibly Arcade for his tumor and using a Howitzer for the final battle, however, is just fine...
- Sociopathic Soldier: Their entire organization.
- Showing Their Work: Sometimes hard to tell from the real Roman Empire. They even pronounce Latin as correctly as they can according to current academic thought. Caesar himself lampshades this by pointing out how, regarding the inaccuracies, the Legion at that point is more akin to the barbarians of Gaul, which makes the need for forging a New Rome out of New Vegas all the more crucial for him.
- The Spartan Way: The Legion have no problem with using child soldiers against their enemies.
- The Spymaster: Just like the NCR, the Legion have
a magican extensive network of spies and will know about it if you work against their interest. They even manage to infiltrate NCR's military command in the area and the Omertas on the Vegas Strip.
- Straight Edge Evil: They despise the use of chems, drugs, medicine and alcohol, and vehemently punish Raiders for thievery. Also they rarely, if ever, use profanity. Hilariously, Caesar himself is the exception; he'll drop F-Bombs if he loses his temper.
- Token Good Teammate: Averted. While even groups like the Enclave and Powder Gangers have a few decent members, all the Legion appears to partake in some extreme Kick the Dog moments, and even their soldiers' generic dialogue identifies most as sadists and rapists. Interestingly, the only members with any real redeeming qualities are the leaders (Caesar, Lanius and Lucius).
- Undying Loyalty: All Legionaries are fanatically loyal to Caesar, though it's noted that they follow him rather than his ideals. However, this has its limits. Silus, the Centurion in Camp McCarran is able to see Caesar's megalomania and illness; he resents that a healthy soldier like himself has to die in defeat while Caesar lives. Similarly, Ulysses has long forsaken the Legion, though he still sees them as his brothers-in-arms, and some of his dialog suggests that he has always secretly resented Vulpes for destroying his tribe.
- Ungrateful Bastard: If they win at Hoover Dam, they immediately turn on the Khans and the Fiends. If Caesar dies and is replaced by Lanius, they also betray the Boomers and the Enclave Remnants.
- Averted strongly with the Courier. Both Caesar and Lanius will dub the Courier a hero of the Legion, granting them copious gold and the status of a permanent Amicus, friend of the Legion.
- Utopia Justifies the Means: Caesar (and the developers) outright admit that the Legion at present really is a roving band of murdering, raping sadists. His justification comes in the form that so was ancient Rome, but it eventually found a city to settle (in this analogy, Vegas and the cities of the west coast) and grew into a marvel of civilization. Whether he is right to persist or wrong is up to the players to decide.
- Vestigial Empire: According to Mr. House, this is what the Legion will become if Caesar dies. The fact that Lanius takes over after Caesar's death would only make this worse.Courier: You do know Caesar is dead, don't you?Mr. House: By my calculations, his death will affect the shape of the Battle for Hoover Dam minimally, if at all. The Legion's aggression will outlive Caesar. Indeed, they'll try to take the Dam as a tribute to his memory. Given a year, they'd have him deified - but by then, the Legion would be breaking down, riven with internal conflicts, a monster consuming itself. It's irrelevant.
- Visionary Villain: While on the surface they look and act similar to the raiders of the Capital Wasteland, any length of talking with the higher ups (especially Caesar) will show that while the low-level grunts might be thugs looking for plunder, the leadership have vastly greater ambitions than being just another group of warlords. They want to remake the world in their image, and they have a surprising amount of planning in place to do just that.
- Well-Intentioned Extremist: As bad as the Legion acts, Caesar has legitimate goals of restoring the Wasteland to a new era of greatness, which he believes is an Imperial Roman nation free from the ways of the Old World (which he views as decadent and self-destructive). If there's any truth to what he says, he believes that in the long term the Legion will be best for all residents of the Wasteland.
- We Have Reserves: From the countless bloodthirsty legionaries trained through brutal training regiments. They almost never surrender and have commands to commit suicide upon defeat. Boyd talks about how difficult it is to get a Legionary to give himself up as a prisoner of war.
- You Are a Credit to Your Race: Or rather gender, if the female Courier chooses to side with the Legion.
- Zerg Rush: Even more so than the NCR. The Recruit Legionaries, the most common type of soldier, may be sent into battle wielding only machetes. There are anecdotes about them not even having that much and charging machine gun nests with sharp sticks, heavy rocks or bare fists.
Voiced by: John Doman
"I was taught it was my responsibility to bring the torch of knowledge to the wastes. I may have taken the torch part more literally than they intended."The head of Caesar's Legion, Caesar was a former member of the Followers of the Apocalypse by the name of Edward Sallow, sent east to learn more about the communities there. Caesar found a cache of old books on Roman history and was soon inspired to use the blueprint of the ancient Roman Empire to forge a new civilization from the wasteland. He and his expedition was captured by a tribe, but Edward parleyed himself into their leader by teaching them new and better ways of fighting. That tribe defeated one rival and then another, and Caesar drove them onward to conquer all the tribes they found, forging a new power in the Wasteland: Caesar's Legion.
- Adventurer Linguist: What he started out as, along with Joshua Graham and Bill Calhoun.
- A God Am I: Proclaims himself as the Son of Mars and maintains something of a cult of personality within the Legion. He doesn't believe it himself, but the troops do - to the point that suggesting Rome may be a pre-existing concept is punishable by death.
- And There Was Much Rejoicing: If the player kills him, almost everyone the Mojave, and quite a few people outside it, are happy to see him go, NCR characters in particular. Many officers will greet you congratulating you for killing him, and random NCR soldiers will say "I wish I could've been there to see Caesar die. What an asshole," when talked to.
- And Your Little Dog, Too!: To punish Joshua for failing at Hoover Dam, Caesar orders the extermination of not just the neutral community of New Canaan but the Crazy Horns, Tar Walkers, Sorrows, and Dead Horse tribes, simply for being friendly with New Canaan. By the time the game begins, the Tar Walkers and Crazy Horns, as well as a few other small communities friendly with the New Canaanites, have been wiped out, and the Dead Horses' and Sorrows' lands are being invaded.
- Arch-Enemy: To the Courier in the second half of the game if you choose to oppose him. He’s also the only faction leader you can build any long standing personal enmity with as House is dealt within minutes after you turn on him and you can’t meet Oliver and Lanius until the very end. Merciful players will have especially strong reasons to hate him as he blackmails you into killing Benny. The hatred is just as strong on Caesar’s side. He regards most of his enemies with either dismissive contempt (such as previously conquered tribes and House) or with grudging respect (Kimball and Hanlon). His Villainous Breakdown shows that along with Joshua Graham, the Courier is the only enemy he passionately hates, to the point where he wants you tortured for his amusement. And unlike other persistent foes such as Ulysses there is no way to reason with him. Even non Legion obstacles such as the Fiends, Omertas and White Legs are directly involved with him.
- Badass Bookworm: He was originally a linguist, sent by the Followers of the Apocalypse to research tribal dialects, and talking to him at length reveals a surprising knowledge of history, cultural theory, and sociology. His tagged skills? Guns, Melee Weapons, and Unarmed, and he'll defend himself using a Displacer Glove if you attack him.
- Badass Grandpa: He's 55 and still one of the strongest warriors in the Legion.
- Badass Normal: Previous major villains of the Fallout series include super-computers, the President of the United States, and the psychic leader of the Super Mutants. Caesar is just a normal civilian born in the wastes, and rose to power by uniting raider tribes and galvanizing them into a warrior culture to create one of the most powerful armies in the Wasteland. Also notable is that unlike them, if the player chooses to side with him, Caesar can win and become a God Emperor ruling over the Mojave from a New Vegas throne.
- Bad Boss: Joshua Graham found out the hard way. He can also be this to the Courier if you fail/question him, but if you don't he's happy to congratulate you and make small talk.
- Bait the Dog: Double Subverted. The Legion seem to be nothing more than well trained savages... at first. However, meeting Caesar reveals he's a very thoughtful and cerebral individual who sees the Legion as the means to create a stable society. Then it turns out as soon as anyone ticks him off he drops all pretension of noble intentions, will remorselessly murder children and torture you to death for his personal amusement.
- Bald of Evil: Even lampshaded by Mr. House.
- Berserk Button: The man has several sore subjects, and bringing them up will cut right through his calm, sophisticated surface and cause him to throw a childish temper-tantrum.
- Among these include Joshua Graham, and being told "no".
- Big Bad: The closest thing the game has to one, unless you side with him. Of the four questlines leading to the final battle, all of them except for siding with the Legion involve you stopping Hoover Dam from falling under their control. The endings for the other factions vary depending on your actions and which of the Wild Card/House/NCR questlines you take, but there's always the possibility of the faction surviving or prospering. A victory for the Legion, however, results in most factions fleeing the region or being utterly exterminated.
- Also the Greater-Scope Villain of Honest Hearts, where he ordered the White Legs to exterminate New Canaan and its allies. He also sent Ulysses to give them machine guns and train them in their use.
- Big Good: However, to a Legion Courier unless they decide to kill him and install Lanius as Caesar, Caesar will serve as this to the player: after all, it's he who you're taking your orders from and it's him who you're attempting to install as the ruler of the Mojave (and eventually California as well). Most Legion actions will incur negative karma at some point or another, but it's fully possible to remain a "Good" protagonist and still finish the game in the Legion's favor, unless the player wants to let loose on their maniacal tendencies.
- Black Sheep: As a child, he did never fit in with the Followers of the Apocalypse due to his petulance and narcissism.
- Blood Knight: Caesar hides it better than Lanius, but he revels in violence. He'll scold the Courier for their lack of sadism if they ask to release Benny, and afterwards he gloats about the satisfaction of destroying his enemies and genocide. If you refuse to help him further, he'll threaten to have you cut to pieces for his enjoyment.
- Bonus Boss: At no point in the game does Caesar need to be killed to proceed with any questline, and killing him only affects the ending and a handful of sidequests, so the player is free to engage him or not at their choosing. Compared to Lanius, he's a pushover, but he's still a respectably powered combatant armed with one of the best hand-to-hand weapons in the game, and accompanied by his five bodyguards also armed with powerful hand-to-hand weapons, in his tent which is very small and has nowhere for you to run. Doubles as a Wake-Up Call Boss in this regard — he'll fall easily enough if you face him later in the game, but if you think you can take him early on, you're in for a painful lesson.
- Brains and Brawn: He and Graham were originally this, with him as the brains giving orders and doing the ruling while Graham was the brawns, leading his army and killing in his name. Nowadays Lanius takes up the brawn part.
- Card-Carrying Villain: See Eviler Than Thou below.
- Chronic Backstabbing Disorder: It's his M.O. to recruit disaffected local factions to help him take over a region, then exterminate or forcibly assimilate them once they're no longer useful. In his ending, the only Mojave allies he doesn't screw over are the ones strong enough to seriously hurt the Legion.
- Classic Villain: Vice: Ambition, Wrath, Pride and Cruelty. His baldness, educated vocabulary and crude mannerisms separate him from other members of the Legion and wastelanders in general. He tries to lure both the Courier and groups like the Khans into his service by pretending to be less malevolent than he really is. The true depth of his malevolence is revealed when he destroys New Canaan, and as for an iconic demise, the game gives him three. If left alone he'll die of a tumor which could have been prevented by the very technology he banned; in the House/Yes Man ending he's killed by the Securitrons who were activated due to his hubris due to his over confidence in his ability to control the Courier; or he can be stabbed just like his historical namesake.
- The Computer Is a Cheating Bastard: With almost any other NPC, if you want them dead badly enough, you can just throw on a Stealth Boy and reverse-pickpocket a live grenade into their inventory. Try this on Caesar, and it's an unexplained No-Sell. If you want to kill him, you have to do it the hard way.
- The Corrupter: While he prefers brute force, Caesar isn't above using temptation as a weapon. When attempting to recruit the Courier, he tries to bribe them into obeying him by offering them revenge on Benny. Even if you make it clear you want him freed and have to mercy-kill him to save him from crucifixion, Caesar glibly assumes not only that you enjoyed it but that it won you over.
- Defector from Decadence: One of Caesar's motivations, evidenced by all his talk of "profligates" and "degenerates". Caesar was originally an NCR citizen and a member of the Followers Of Apocalypse. He left the two groups because he disagreed with them ideologically.
- Dick Dastardly Stops to Cheat: If the Courier tries to have Benny released he'll blackmail you into killing him by threatening Benny with crucifixion. Because coercing someone who was likely your regime’s mortal enemy 24 hours ago into committing murder for your jollies is sure to win their loyalty and respect.
- Dirty Coward: Averted. He's one of few NPCs to act defiant towards you after intimidation, yelling for his Praetorians to come to his aid (albeit with a slightly nervous inflection).
- Dude, Where's My Respect?: He's almost universally condescending and smug towards you. Even if you do all he asks and have an Idolized reputation with the Legion, he's liable to refuse to answer your questions and will tell you that the reason you should do as he orders is because he ordered you to do it. He's this way even after just waking up from life-saving brain surgery that you yourself gave him.
- Dystopia Justifies the Means: While he doesn't take it to the same level as Lanius, Caesar's rule creates a society where rape is legal; women are reduced to drones or sex slaves; men are trained to be bloodthirsty killers; sadism is promoted as a virtue and the sick and elderly have no value. This changes if he conquers New Vegas, but the extent of which it does change is uncertain.
- Emperor Social Scientist: He built the Legion out of a few tribes by using his academic knowledge of Pre-War government, military tactics and Roman history.
- Evil Cannot Comprehend Good: Even if you're a puppy-hugging paragon of kindness, Caesar is completely convinced that you'll want to join his army of rapists, murderers and genocidal madmen. Judging from his attitude and dialogue, it is pretty evident that his big ego leads him to believe that anyone with an ounce of competence must think exactly like he does.
- Evil Colonialist: A post-apocalyptic spin on the trope. Although his native intelligence and charisma is a big factor in his rise to power, the fact that he comes from the setting's most technically and culturally advanced society (and specifically from that society's best educated community) helps him immensely in conquering the primitive tribals in the East.
- Evil Counterpart:
- To Joshua Graham. Both are charismatic leaders with an appetite for violence, both were responsible for founding the Legion and seek to uplift the people of the Wasteland. However, in contrast to Caesar's egotism, Joshua is capable of realizing his personal flaws and taking responsibility for his mistakes. He prefers to let people make their own choices and doesn't like his semi-religious image among the tribes - particularly because he's religious himself. In contrast, Caesar looks down on everyone around him, co-opts ancient beliefs for his own ends while believing none of them and openly pretends to be a god.
- To a Good Karma Courier as well. Both seek to shape the future of New Vegas, both can potentially own Rex, befriend Arcade and gather a group of followers. However, while the Courier can encourage rival groups such as the NCR, Brotherhood and Followers to peacefully cooperate Caesar violently takes over any opposing groups and eradicates cultural differences. While the Courier and Arcade's relationship is built on mutual trust and respect and helps him to overcome his internal conflicts, his relationship with the Caesar is one of forced compliance that eventually drives him to suicide. Additionally, the Courier can be forgiving to the point where they spare Benny despite him giving you every reason to kill him while Caesar wipes out entire communities over minor slights.
- Also to Mr. House. Both are self-made autocrats who rose from nothing to build their success on their superior intellect and education compared to the primitives of the post-apocalyptic Mojave and are determined to remake the world according to their own morality and ideology. But whereas House is a technocrat and a more-or-less benevolent dictator, Caesar is a dedicated primitivist and an often sadistic totalitarian.
- Ironically, he's also one to the real historical Julius Caesar whose name he's appropriated. Caesar was both a greedy, brutal warlord in his own right and a cultured aristocrat with an ego issue. The difference: Julius was historically quite merciful by the standards of the time (even if it meant using slavery and mutilation where other Romans would have ordered complete extermination), incredibly brave unto the last, tolerant of criticism (which might have helped get him killed). and led as much through love and respect as he did through fear while commanding one of the most technologically sophisticated forces of the era. He also valued diplomacy and tried to reconcile with his old enemies (something that got him killed, as this Caesar would know). Eddie Sallow on the other hand is an evil luddite, hypocrite, and Orcus on His Throne who rules by fear alone, uses his soldiers as cannonfodder in technologically unsophisticated human waves, has zero concept of mercy or forgiveness. What handily sums it up is that Sallow subjects his men to Roman punishments that the actual Caesar never did.
- Evil Feels Good: After executing Benny, he admits that he finds torture and genocide especially entertaining.
- Evil Gloating: Smugly boasts about his conquests and atrocities and flat out admits killing his enemies is the most satisfying thing about his job.
- Evil Is Petty: He threatens to kill you just for bringing up his defeat at Hoover Dam and throws a childish tantrum (complete with name-calling) if you decide to stop working for him. Taken Up to Eleven in Honest Hearts where he destroys New Canaan and tries to kill anyone connected to them, simply to get back at Joshua Graham.
- Evil Overlord: A post-apocalyptic version. While brutal and often sadistic, he shows excellent capability in leading, transforming a ragtag band of slaves and tribals into an empire spanning several states, its machete-armed soldiers proving an overmatch for the NCR and its technologically advanced armaments. Some in the NCR even call him far more competent than President Kimball. Further solidified if Caesar dies and the Legion wins. Unlike Caesar, who unites the Mojave and seemingly makes the average life significantly better, Lanius establishes an all-out military regime, butchering numerous innocent people and launching failed wars against the Boomers and Enclave Remnants.
- Evil Luddite: He believes that introducing modern technology (especially medicine) to a population will corrupt them and harm their cultural development by making them weak and dependent. It's even his reason why he needs an outsider like the Courier to deal with the bunker rather than his own men since he doesn't want them getting the wrong ideas from being exposed to advanced pre-war tech.
- Eviler Than Thou: While previous Fallout Big Bads regretted their actions, seeing them as necessary evils (Richardson, The Master) or were at worst mechanically indifferent (Eden, Calculator), Caesar outright revels in the carnage he causes, needing nothing more than a personal grudge to justify wiping out a stable, altruistic community. In this sense, he somewhat resembles Frank Horrigan, down to there being no way to talk him out of his madness.
- Expy: Has more than a few important similarities to Ashur from The Pitt DLC of Fallout 3 — a charismatic and powerful leader that has organized tribals and raiders into a superpower in the name of brutal but efficient and well-meant societal reformation, but they're more loyal to the leader than his visions and they'll fall apart without his leadership. The key differences are that the Legion is aggressively expanding its reach and values to other towns, and Ashur is aware of his flaws and plans to reform his men once they achieve their goals, while Caesar is an egomaniacal sadist.
- Fatal Flaw: His pride. If he dies, the Legion is left with very little in the way of capable leadership, primarily because Caesar believed only himself could do it right.
- Faux Affably Evil: If you ignore all the murdering, torture, and slavery, he is actually a nice guy to talk to about political philosophy. At least until you touch a nerve and he throws a temper tantrum, threatening to have you killed. One of his favorite tactics is to feign friendship with groups like the Khans and enslave them as soon as they've served their purpose. When you first meet him, he makes very thinly veiled insults at your intelligence and even something as simple as showing concern about his health or the first battle of Hoover Dam can get you a death threat. Discussing his philosophy and history, however, leads him to be more neutral and outright intellectual, and he does develop a respect for your intelligence after you cure his tumor.
- Founder of the Kingdom: Founder of the Legion and developer of its ideals.
- Freudian Excuse: His brutality as well as his disdain for and abuse of tribals may stem from the loss of his father to raiders at a young age. However, this is downplayed compared to previous Big Bads. The Master and Frank Horrigan went through extreme physical and mental trauma that turned them into monsters (the latter also suffered from indoctrination and mental illness throughout his childhood) while Autumn and Richardson were born into groups with very strict dogma. Caesar was raised by a loving mother and the most unambiguously good faction in the safest, most stable region of the Fallout universe yet he turned out even more cold blooded and sadistic than all the previous villains before him.
- From Nobody to Nightmare: He was the only child from a poor family that was raised as a Follower of the Apocalypse before he became the ruler of the Legion.
- Genghis Gambit: His ultimate goal isn't to create a slaving, warmongering military state; his goal is to use that to forcibly assimilate the various tribes of the wasteland and give them a common culture, so that whenever the Legion inevitably collapses, the peoples left to rebuild will do it as one culture (as opposed to the NCR, which he thinks will also inevitably collapse, only to leave behind a multitude of self interested, uncooperative states). Of course, he's already begun to slip from his seemingly noble goals into more megalomaniacal tendencies by the time the Courier meets him.
- Genius Bruiser: Originally more of a Badass Bookworm. By the time of the game, his brutish appearance and thuggish attitude cover up his more cerebral side.
- Genre Blind: His attempts to turn the Courier to his side (or lack thereof) reek of this. It doesn't even occur to him that a female Courier would be put off by the Legion's misogyny or the rape threats Siri warns her of in his camp.
- God-Emperor: His "son of Mars" schtick.
- Grey and Gray Morality: Both Caesar's point of view and Word of God, a dark grey morality. While his Legion is far more brutal than the NCR, it is far less corrupt and more often leaves its vassals (those living in Legion lands but not actually part of the Legion) alone. While the NCR is trying to economically expand its territory, Caesar believes expanding the Legion will ultimately lead to a warless Wasteland utopia.
- The Heart: An extremely twisted version of this trope. While Vulpes and Lanius have more common sense, take a more active role in planning and carrying out the Legion’s deed and have more tactical savvy, Caesar is the one who holds to Legion together and informs its values.
- He Who Must Not Be Seen: You can get through an NCR aligned path and never meet him once in the entire game. Also fulfills this in Honest Hearts, where he never appears but still serves as the main antagonist.
- Hidden Depths: Twice over. When you see what the Legion is like over the first act of the game, you'll probably come to see Caesar as a barbaric Evil Overlord. Then you meet the man in person and discover he's actually very intelligent and well-spoken with a vast knowledge of philosophy, social science, history, and government. Then if you choose to side with the Legion and actually get to know the guy, his true nature as a violent sociopathic narcissist begins to come into focus.
- Horrible Judge of Character: Like the other faction leaders, he'll gladly hire you no matter what you've done (up until you gain enough infamy to get the Wrath of Caesar quest). Hell, if you work for Mr. House you're given a quest to activate some dormant sentry bots to wipe out some Legionaries; Caesar contacts you just as you begin to activate them and tells you to betray House.
- What's that, Caesar? Science Is Bad? Advanced medicine shouldn't be be allowed because the weak don't deserve to live? Then why is it when we enter your tent the first thing we'll see is bodyguards armed with advanced Power Fists, and shortly after will likely see an Auto-Doc next to your bed? He also apparently has no problem with taking Rex, a cyberdog, in as his personal hound, or using a howitzer to suppress NCR's snipers.
- Ulysses straight up calls Caesar "History's Hypocrite" if you tell him that Caesar is dead. He then goes on to tell the Courier that if Caesar was too weak to defend himself from you, then by his own logic, he was too weak to lead.
- He complains about how NCR's rampant capitalism and greed have made ordinary people suffer. Yet he devotes massive Legion resources to protecting merchants and caravans (some of whom, like Dale Barton, have profited directly from the Legion's war effort) while turning a blind eye to the extreme levels of sexual violence and abuse slaves in Legion territory go through.
- I Did What I Had to Do: While sadistic and evidently proud of his empire's authority, Caesar himself insists this. If the NCR were victorious, he claims, their Old World ways would inevitably lead to another nuclear war.
- Idiot Ball: Grabs a big one when he invites you to his camp. Even if you've killed every single Legion member you've ever seen up until that point, Caesar pardons you and invites you to his camp to meet you face to face, then hands you the Platinum Chip he took from you and invites you to claim your weapons from his men. While the NCR and House at least try to give you an appealing offer, the most Caesar offers is the opportunity to kill Benny if you haven't already done so. And if you have, he still invites you. Caesar even lampshades this by asking why you'd come to meet him in person when all you've done is sabotage the Legion. He then sends you into the bunker under the camp alone and takes your word that you destroyed what you found down there, even though it would be trivial to send a Legionary or two to confirm the destruction. You can even ask him why he trusts you, and Caesar gives a Hand Wave.
- If You're So Evil, Eat This Kitten: He'll refuse to let you work for the Legion until you agree to kill Benny.
- Insufferable Genius: When the Courier asks him what Hegelian dialectic is, he responds that the simple explanation is that it's something that he/she would know about if he/she read books.
- It Is Pronounced "Tro-PAY": Caesar and his legion use the original Latin pronunciation of his name (kye-sar), while most of the rest of the Mojave Wasteland use the more commonly-known Anglicized pronunciation (see-zer).
- Jerkass: Regardless of the Legion's morality Caesar himself is a venomously despicable individual. At his best he's smug, condescending and rude. At his worst he gleefully butchers the sick, old, children and communities for petty revenge with only his Pet the Dog moments saving him. That said those moments of decency arguably make him worse since most legionaries have been conditioned from childhood to be monsters, while Caesar chose to be one.
- Jerkass Has a Point: He's bad, sure, but he makes some pretty truthful judgments about the corruption of the NCR, as well as noting how the Raiders and bandits the Legion fights are considerably worse than the Legion itself.
- Jerk with a Heart of Jerk / Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Depending on how one views the Legion. It's up to the Courier to decide whether Caesar is a Hate Sink or a Well-Intentioned Extremist.
- On one hand, the Legion at first appears to be nothing more than an organized band of raiders. Then you meet the man himself and you find out it's all part of an elaborate plan to create a world that won't destroy itself... then you find out he's a bad tempered sadist who commits mass genocide over personal grudges, has people tortured to death for disrupting his sleep, finds torture and violence entertaining and loves every moment of his conquering and killing, suggesting his idea of what a better world is may be somewhat different from that of most sane people.
- On the other hand, his heart might be Copper depending on the outlook. His Legionaries are not nearly as terrible as the Raiders they purge and hunt. Their lands remain the safest in the West Coast, even compared to the NCR's home territory, and every act of violence or sadism is viewed by Caesar as a necessary evil to placate the Legionaries, most of whom were former tribals anyway. In a Utopia Justifies the Means sense, he believes that once a "New Rome" is established the West will be free of violence, crime, and corruption under the Legion's banner.
- Jumping Off the Slippery Slope: Whatever good intentions he may have had in the first place have long been replaced by a crueler and more sadistic mindset. Actions such as the sacking of New Canaan and having you torn apart for his amusement if you decide not to work for him certainly can't be justified as "pragmatism".
- Karmic Death:
- What Caesar will inevitably receive if his brain tumor runs its course: A death at the hands of something potentially preventable by the very technology he banned from his civilization. Not that he didn't try said technology... As noted under Hypocrite above, Ulysses comments that if Caesar dies, either by your hand or the brain tumor, then by the laws of his own Legion he was weak and didn't deserve to live.
- Also, the Gun Runners' Arsenal rewards the player for killing him in two very specific ways: stabbing him to death with a knife ("Historical Propriety") or crippling his head with a throwing spear ("Even A God-King Can Bleed"). Arcade even gives you props for the accuracy of your historical re-enactment.
- Karma Houdini: If the Legion wins, but only if his tumor isn't dealt with, leaving Lanius in charge.
- Kick the Dog: Caesar is not a good person by any definition of the phrase, but destroying New Canaan along with any tribe with the slightest connection to them simply to spite Graham is easily his most gratuitously cruel act. It doesn't even have the flimsy justification Caesar uses to rationalize his aggression against NCR or Nipton; it was a peaceful, altruistic community that simply happened to have produced a Legate who failed him.
- Kick the Morality Pet: A Good Legion aligned Courier is the only thing the Legion gets in the way of decent members. But chances are it won’t make much impact since Caesar will respond to even innocent questions with spite and verbal abuse and will promptly have you tortured to death if you disobey him.
- Kick the Son of a Bitch: Depending on how the player views Benny. Some see Caesar ordering his death to be cruel, merciless, and an evil thing to do; others see it as a fitting end to a huge Jerkass that got the Courier in this situation to begin with. This is further emphasized in the form of a cut-content miniquest, where Benny would meet up with the Courier some time after being freed and mock them for showing mercy and telling them he would "finish what he started", leading to combat.
- Manipulative Bastard: The Sadistic Choice he threatens the Courier with if they try to save Benny shows what he lacks in foresight he makes up for in cunning.
- Meaningful Name: He took the name precisely for the symbolism of it. While there are many "Caesars" in history, Caesar models himself specifically after Julius Caesar. He directly compares the Hoover Dam and his conquest of NCR to when Caesar crossed the Rubican river with his legion to begin his coup, becoming a dictator that transformed the democratic Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.
- Might Makes Right: His philosophy. You can promptly kill him to prove that he can't live up to his own ideology. If you do, Ulysses straight up calls Caesar "History's Hypocrite" if you tell him that Caesar is dead. He then goes on to tell the Courier that if Caesar was too weak to defend himself from you, then by his own logic he was too weak to lead.
- Morality Pet: If Arcade is forced into his service he genuinely grows fond of him and is devastated by his suicide. This is even more remarkable because Caesar apparently enjoyed political debates with him, when his usual reaction to having his values questioned is a little… zealous.
- Moral Sociopathy: Caesar has a sense of morality. He holds the NCR in contempt for squandering the ‘common good’, respects his worthy opponents and has a strong belief in civic duty and maintaining a strong nation. However, it’s made perfectly clear he’s more interested in fulfilling philosophical abstractions and aside from occasional lip service, doesn’t care about people’s welfare. He butchers entire nations over personal grudges, dooms most of his subjects to a life of rape and slavery, kills people for interrupting his sleep, tortures them for entertainment and his smug, self-congratulatory boasting about his past victories mixed in with talk of ordering the killing of children makes it clear he doesn’t have a shred of remorse over what he’s done.
- Necessary Evil: Averted. Caesar believes he's working for the greater good, but unlike Ashur or the Master he doesn't see his actions as moral compromises.
- Non-Action Big Bad: While Caesar isn't actually a bad fighter, as you'll find out if you enter his tent and try killing him, he's more of a behind the scenes guy. He lets Lanius take command for the Battle of Hoover Dam. House even states that Caesar has minimal effect in the final conflict. Then again, he is an old man with a brain tumor and therefore in no condition to actually participate in combat. Besides, Lanius has it well in hand, and is a far more competent fighter and frontline general than Caesar. One's the brains, one's the brawn.
- No Sympathy: While Caesar has his Pet the Dog moments, he's perfectly capable of committing mass genocide without a blink.
- Obliviously Evil: He believes that his actions will ensure humanity's longevity, but he doesn't tend to consider the price of this.
- Parental Abandonment: In the supplemental material in the collector's guide, his father left him with the Followers of the Apocalypse when he was five. In-game, he tells the Courier that his father was killed by raiders when he was two.
- Pay Evil unto Evil: Even the Legion-villainizing NCR respects their zero-tolerance justice policy for raiders, bandits, and other nasty people in the Wasteland. Caesar in particular despises raiders.
- Pet the Dog:
- If he takes over Vegas, Caesar allows the Followers to leave peacefully since they're the ones who raised him in the first place.
- Out of respect for Chief Hanlon for his composure in surrender and being a Worthy Opponent, Caesar has him beheaded in a quick, painless death, rather than crucifixion.
- Should you sell Arcade into slavery to him, Caesar will try to treat him reasonably and comes to see him as a friend. Ending narrations describe him killing himself, and Caesar is devastated by the act and mourns him for months.
- Saving him from his tumor will cause him to be extremely grateful and nigh-friendly to the Courier, which he lampshades by suggesting they "stop this mushy stuff."
- He praises you repeatedly if you accomplish his missions, starting with smug comments on your servility before going to genuine compliments of your competency.
- He doesn't seem to actually approve, personally, of the Legion's more barbaric ways. While he enjoys war and bloodshed, he believes that outright cruelty is nothing more than a Necessary Evil.
- Prepare to Die: If the Courier comes to see him by his invitation and has a bad rep with the Legion, Caesar will tell you that it was all a trap and he's going to kill you on the spot. And then...Caesar: Relax, I'm fucking with you.
- The Philosopher: Surprising considering the Legion's general mentality, though he will not tolerate being questioned by anybody apart from Arcade.
- Power Fist: He wears a Displacer Glove, and can still punch you to death with it.
- Pride: Oh boy. For better or for worse he views himself as a God-King and the spiritual successor to Julius Caesar himself. To his Legion he's considered a literal demi-god, claiming to be the son of Mars himself. Besides a select few, Caesar does not enjoy being debated or argued with and refuses to talk about past defeats, to the point where he threatens to kill you for asking about the First Battle of Hoover Dam.
- Psychopathic Manchild: It's very evident that he hasn't grown out of the narcissistic and petulant nature that created the rift between him and the other Followers back in the day. He reacts poorly if the Courier tells him that s/he's done working for him.
- Psychotic Smirk: Whether he's relating his past atrocities, or your most recent dirty deeds in the Legion's name, he always has a sneering grin.
- Resignations Not Accepted: He doesn't like hearing the word "no". Not one bit.
- Retired Badass: He may not lead his men in battle any more, but he can still punch you to death. He also outshines the other faction leaders in combat skills.
- Sadistic Choice: Forced on you if you try to have Benny released. Either you kill Benny yourself, fight a near-impossible battle with Caesar and all his guards sans your weapons, or leave, in which case Benny's doomed to crucifixion.
- Sir Swears-a-Lot: Easily the most foul-mouthed member of the Legion.
- Smug Snake: For all his talk of admiring the Courier's achievements, Caesar still looks down on him/her and pretty much anyone else. If asked about his philosophy, he'll make smarmy jabs at your intelligence yet still remain completely convinced you'll join him despite his disrespect. However, make no mistake - unlike most characters who fit this trope, he's every bit as dangerous as he thinks he is.
- Sophisticated as Hell: The rest of the Legion may be extremely impolite to you, but they're formal about it. Caesar, while he can be just as formal as his subordinates, throws around the word "fuck" and name-drops Grognak the Barbarian to the Courier. He is one of the most learned people you meet in the game, who among other things explains how he views the conflict between the Legion and NCR through Hegelian dialectics. His foul-mouthed side is especially pronounced when he's afflicted by his brain tumor. Paraphrased:Courier: Does your head hurt?Caesar: What does it look like, asshole?
- To Create a Playground for Evil: Though his main objective is to create a stable society Caesar also wants to create an environment that encourages practices such as sadism and cannibalism even though they don't have any purpose beyond giving him an opportunity to further torture his enemies.
- Troll: If you've opposed the Legion he'll dramatically list all the crimes you've committed, culminating in declaring your execution, but then reveal he was just screwing with you.
- Übermensch: In much the same way as Mr. House.
- The Unfettered: Whether it's bending his own laws to survive his tumor, crucifying his enemies, legalizing rape to maintain the Legion's numbers or wiping out a peaceful city to punish Graham for failing him, there is nothing to which Caesar won't stoop to get his way.
- Villain Has a Point: He's critical of NCR's democracy because they're bloated, corrupt, and inefficient, its leaders more concerned with expanding their borders and lining their pockets than caring for their people. Easy critiques to dismiss, except that numerous other characters in the game, including those who live in NCR territory and may even be part of its government or military, would readily agree with him.
- Villainous Breakdown: If you blow up the bunker underneath his fort but then say you refuse to work for him any more (or just pretend to), he'll start cursing and throwing a temper tantrum. Then you can threaten him with Terrifying Presence, resulting in him yelling for his guards.
- Villainous Legacy: Part of his plan is to establish a Nova Roma that will outlive him and ensure humanity's future after his death. Other characters comment that it's to the point where killing Caesar won't stop the Legion as a whole, and indeed if you do kill him, Lanius just crowns himself the new Caesar and becomes a Dragon Ascendant. However, it's also implied that Lanius doesn't have the charisma and/or the insights on social science and philosophy that Caesar does, and in the ending it's made clear he's not as effective a ruler. While they may hold together for a time under Lanius, it's heavily implied that the Legion will eventually fall apart without Caesar.
- Villain Respect:
- If you remove his tumor, he'll come to legitimately respect you, and it shows. If you win the game for Caesar, he'll not only make you extravagantly rich, but also denote you as a permanent Amicus (friend) of the Legion.
- Despite being the man responsible for beating the Legion in the first battle at Hoover Dam, Caesar gives Chief Hanlon a quick and merciful execution, noting that he had respect for such a capable leader.
- Visionary Villain: This is the major thing that separates Caesar and his men from a particularly zealous bunch of raiders. Caesar actually has plans to create a new world once the Legion plants its flag on Vegas, and talking to him at length reveals he has a surprising knowledge of government and social science, and understands exactly what he is doing and what the results will be, for better and worse.
- We Can Rule Together: To both the Courier and multiple factions. While he keeps up his word with the Courier (making them one of his lieutenants and rewarding them handsomely in the Legion Ending), he "rewards" the Khans with forced assimilation and the Fiends with extermination.
- Well-Intentioned Extremist: His ultimate goal is to unite the remnants of humanity and prevent a tragedy like the Great War from ever happening again. But his method for achieving that noble goal is morally repugnant.
- What Happened to the Mouse?: If you neither do his quests nor go back to the Fort of your own accord to assassinate him, he simply disappears from the narrative. He doesn't even get mentioned in the epilogue. You'll only find out what happened to him if you read a guide or go back and complete "Render Unto Caesar" on your next play-through.
- Wicked Cultured:
- Caesar is a highly educated man and enjoys political/philosophical debates. He is also a knowledgeable historian who justifies his extreme actions by naming historical examples.
- Fitting to his name, Caesar has very deep respect and appreciation for the post-Republic Rome, Julius Caesar being his personal hero. His understanding of Julius Caesar's motives, social science, and the philosophy behind the Roman Empire are actually quite astounding.
- Wolfpack Boss: By himself, he's basically just a slightly-buffed Praetorian Guard with slightly worse armor. However, he has several Elite Mooks equipped with the most powerful hand-to-hand weapons in the game guarding him, as well as one powerful hand-to-hand weapon of his own. It's not very hard to take them all out if you know what to do, but they'll kill you quickly if you screw up.
- Worthy Opponent: One of his very few redeeming traits is that he recognizes competent enemies as such and will honor them even in victory.
- If he conquers Vegas, Caesar grants Chief Hanlon a quick death out of respect.
- He admires Kimball for his status as a former war hero and general, his autocratic attitude towards governing, and his draconian approach to warfare. But at the same time, he despises him for choosing to get elected democratically instead of staging a military coup.
- Would Hurt a Child: He had the entire population of New Canaan wiped out including the children. Oddly, he claims that he talked Lanius out of killing the surviving children of his tribe, though this was likely just pragmatism since they would likely be drafted as legionaries. Or it was just a bare-faced lie, considering the Legate's Multiple-Choice Past.
- Young Conqueror: He founded the Legion at the age of 22.
- You're Insane!: Dummied Out dialogue from Arcade would direct this at him.
"Unlike an NCR trooper, a Legionary is always ready to fight regardless of the circumstance he finds himself in."The head of Caesar's Praetorian Guard, he is a master of unarmed combat and assists in training Legionaries.
Provides examples of:
- Asskicking Equals Authority: He got to his position by fighting his way to the top, and has not been challenged in over thirteen years. Caesar suspects however it is more about respect from his underlings than fear of his prowess.
- Bare-Fisted Monk: As a member of the Praetorian Guard, he specializes in Hand-to-Hand combat and can even teach the Courier a new combat move, provided that they're not completely hostile to the Legion and they have a high enough Unarmed skill.
- Bigger Stick: He's in the process of repairing a howitzer to take out NCR's snipers.
- Conspiracy Theorist: Since Caesar's brain tumor only starts showing its effects during the main questline, Lucius suspects you to be the cause of them. If you botch the surgery and kill Caesar, Lucius declares you did it on purpose, even if it was an accident. On the other hand the player can botch it on purpose and claim it was an accident to try and get away with it, making Lucius Properly Paranoid.
- The Dragon: If Caesar dies, Lucius says Lanius who replaces him has not named a second yet, but his own name has been whispered.
- Dark and Troubled Past: He's ashamed of his tribal origins, considering them primitive savages, and Caesar lifted them to something more.
- Genius Bruiser: He's not only a very powerful melee combatant, but he has a better sense of warfare than even Caesar possesses. For instance, he considers the Legion to have lost the First Battle of Hoover Dam because NCR's snipers killed their commanders from range, causing the lower-ranked Legionaries to fall apart without someone to give orders. That's why he's trying to repair a howitzer to suppress enemy snipers should NCR try that tactic again. He also acknowledges the Legion's reliance on the Zerg Rush is flawed, since sheer numbers are not always enough to prevail, you need tactics.
- A Lighter Shade of Black: He's the least evil among the legion leaders. He isn't a man-child that exterminates settlements over petty personal revenge like Caesar, nor does he partake in horrendous terrorist acts like Vulpes or is as brutal as Lanius. He's even registered as neutral karma — but so is Lanius.
- Light Is Not Good: Invoked by his name, which is Latin for "light".
- Noble Demon: In contrast to most of the Legion members you meet, Lucius is a fairly decent guy. At the least, he doesn't seem to rejoice in causing rampant slaughter like Vulpes and Lanius, and isn't a rude jerk like Caesar himself.
- Power Fist: Comes equipped with a Ballistics Fist.
- Praetorian Guard: He's the leader of them.
- Pragmatic Villainy: He says this is why Caesar teaches the Legionaries to be proficient with their bare hands and simple weapons instead of firearms. Firearms can jam, break down, or miss, and you may not always have them, so specializing in Unarmed tactics lets a Legionary be ready to fight no matter the situation.
- Straight for the Commander: He considers this trope to be why the Legion lost the First Battle of Hoover Dam. NCR's rangers picked off the ranking officers leading the attack from range, and with no one to command them the lesser Legionaries fell apart, because none of them had the sense of tactics to be effective without someone to give orders. This is also in contrast to most other Legion members who when asked about the subject blame it on Joshua Graham and don't offer any further opinion.
- Undying Loyalty: To Caesar. When he thinks you've caused his death during his surgery is the only time he really gets angry with you, and if you talk him down he tells you he lost his temper out of grief and loyalty.
- You Are in Command Now: He takes over the Fort when Caesar is incapacitated by his tumor, and remains in charge if he dies, though Lanius is the overall leader of the Legion now.
Voiced by: Jason Spisak
"Do whatever Caesar tells you to do. And whenever the opportunity presents, strike at the Profligates. Pile body upon body."The head of Caesar's Frumentarii, and one of the characters with a more mysterious background in the game. He's responsible for the destruction of Searchlight, the alliance with the Great Khans, the plot with the Omertas, and the pacification of the Twisted Hairs. When the Courier encounters him, he and his men have just finished sacking the small town of Nipton.
- Animal Theme Naming: His name translates into "Desert Fox". And of course there's the dog head he wears.
- Authority Equals Ass Kicking: Averted. Despite being the leader of Caesar's elite Frumentarii, Vulpes is fairly weak compared to other high-ranking Legion NPCs. He is more brain than brawn.
- Bait the Dog: Close investigation shows Nipton really was the Wretched Hive he describes, and even if you disagree with his actions, you can at least understand his goals... until even closer inspection shows he lied about the town's cowardice to make it seem more deserving than it really was. And if that wasn't enough, he plans to massacre the civilian population of Vegas in an onslaught so brutal it disgusted even Lanius. He has the dubious honor of being labeled a "Very Evil" character in-game, something that is only given to four other characters: Cook-Cook, Duke, Mortimer and Philippe.
- Chainsaw Good: The Legion usually prefers to use simple and easily maintained weapons. Not Vulpes. He has a Ripper instead, and it's implied that he mostly just uses it for torturing.
- Cool Shades: As part of his Vexilarius Helm.
- Creepy Monotone: His normal way of speaking is a calm, quiet tone; he hardly ever emotes much, even when talking about brutally slaughtering an entire town. His cavalier attitude just makes him even scarier.
- Cruel and Unusual Death: When him and his men sacked Nipton, they killed almost everyone there. Many were herded into the town hall to be mauled by rabid dogs. Some lucky ones were just shot or decapitated. The rest were either crucified or taken away into slavery, and the mayor who collaborated to escape the town's destruction was thrown into a pile of tires and burned alive. There were two survivors - one left physically unharmed, and the other got the bones in his legs smashed with sledgehammers.
- Cunning Like a Fox: It's part of his theme.
- Dissonant Serenity: He never speaks in anything but a cold and smooth voice.
- Unless you go all Terrifying Presence on him and tell him you'll wear his head like he wears that dog's.
- Establishing Character Moment: His appearance and the way he coldly explains how he handled Nipton sets the tone for both him and the Legion for the rest of the game.
- Evil Genius: He's rather clever. See The Strategist.
- Faux Affably Evil: The first time you meet him, he's unfailingly polite to you, if not a little arrogant. In hindsight, this merely acts as a facade; he's actually a cunning and ruthless mastermind.
- Idiot Ball: Goes unarmed and alone to deliver the Mark of Caesar to the Courier, even if the Courier has a low Reputation with the Legion and has been shooting Legionaries on sight.
- Jerkass Has a Point: Was throwing Nipton's residents on burning tires good or necessary? Definitely not, but Vulpes was still pretty correct in describing Nipton as a god-awful hellhole that was plaguing the surrounding area thanks to its welcome acceptance of murderers, bandits, and escaped convicts.
- Meaningful Name: "Desert fox." Probably in reference to his cunning, especially as the originator of that nickname also happens to be the trope namer for Magnificent Bastard.
- Might Makes Right: Subtly invokes this in Nipton. If you have a problem with his actions, you're more than welcome to try to kill him and his men.
- Nemean Skinning: He wears a Vexilarius Helm when out in the field.
- Nerves of Steel: Iron-willed at even the worst of times. Even when hit by Terrifying Presence, he manages to keep most of his composure, only yelling that "we have a problem!"
- Not So Stoic: He's normally pretty blase, but there are a few moments when this slips.
- If you accuse him of "slaughtering innocent civilians", he laughs in your face.
- And of course, he freaks out and runs if you use Terrifying Presence.
- Older Than He Looks: He was the one who pacified the Twisted Hairs, the tribe that Ulysses belonged to, an event that happened around 30 years before the main game.
- Only Sane Man: The only member of the Legion to suspect the Courier who may have stormed Nelson, saved Joshua Graham and butchered waves of Legion assassins might not be sincere about joining the horde of Blood Knights that a day ago wanted them dead.
- Pay Evil unto Evil: A definite believer of this. Don't believe him? Just ask Nipton. He'll even tell you straight up to kill him if you believe he's in the wrong.
- His sacking of Nipton becomes downright cathartic once you realize what a crime filled hellhole the place was. Sure he lied about them fighting back, but the town was full of Powder Gangers (who happily murder anyone they dislike with explosives), chem peddlers, Vipers, an extremely corrupt mayor, at least one outright psychopath, and all sorts of other foul Wasteland denizens.
- Pragmatic Villainy: His actions are horrible but they have goals bigger than petty raids, he is diminishing the NCR's morale and troops by attacking important trade post.
- Promotion, Not Punishment: The act that got him promoted to Frumentarius involved acting without orders from his commanding officer, which could have got him executed if Caesar hadn't been so impressed by it.
- Red Oni, Blue Oni: The blue to Lanius' red. While Lanius is a Blood Knight who prefers glory in open war, Vulpes works in subversive ways that the Legate considers dishonorable.
- Sharp Dressed Man: If he's still alive by the time you get to the Strip, he'll be there to give you a message to come see Caesar disguised as a Gambler, including a suit and a hat.
- Smug Snake: Not as bad as Caesar or most legionaries, as he at least has the sense to mistrust the Courier, but he's still stuck-up enough to boast that if Caesar wanted you dead, you would be. You can repay him for his bravado by killing him, his master and most of the Legion's big wigs when you storm the fort.
- The Spock: The most analytical and logical member of the Legion. While Caesar acts more on passion, Vulpes is more aloof and tends to plot out his attacks and discern their psychological impact beforehand. For instance, Nipton's destruction was painstakingly detailed to puncture NCR's morale, while the destruction of New Canaan boiled down to a glorified tantrum on Caesar's part.
- Soft-Spoken Sadist: The quiet, measured way he speaks just serves to make him all the creepier.
- Shoot the Messenger: If you meet him in Vegas as he tries to act as a diplomat, there's nothing stopping you from killing him or his replacement on the spot since the Securitrons will not go hostile. If Yes Man's nearby, he'll even compliment you.
- Tempting Fate: If you express disapproval at his actions in Nipton he dares you to attack him and his allies with the implication that he doesn't even consider you a threat, and assuming they weren't sold or ignored most players at this point will have a rather healthy supply of dynamite from the Powder Gangers. Do the math.
- The Spymaster: He's the head of the Frumentarii, in charge or overseeing all the Legion's covert-ops and military intelligence actives. You can take a few missions from him as well. If you didn't kill him at Nipton, he'll approach you on the Strip to give you the Mark of Caesar. If you ask him how he even found you or how he got into the Strip, he'll just say that he has his methods as a Frumentarii. The implication being that he's been following you everywhere.
- The Starscream:
- Openly disapproves of Lanius and privately expresses hatred for him, calling him a savage brute with no capability of leading the Legion. It's implied that if Caesar dies, Lanius and Vulpes ultimately come to an Enemy Civil War.
- Though he respects and admires Caesar fully, bits of dialogue show that he does have at a least a small grudge against Caesar for making Lanius the heir to the Legion and not himself.
- The Stoic: He shows about as much emotion as a robot, even when ransacking Nipton.
- Straight for the Commander: His backstory has him winning a victory for the Legion over a rival tribe by charging through a hole in their defenses and capturing their chieftain. This impresses Caesar and earns him a place amongst the Frumentarii.
- The Strategist: By far the most competent officer in the Legion. He was responsible for the sacking of Nipton behind NCR linesnote , the dirty bomb attack on Camp Searchlight (a large NCR base, the destruction of which crippled their presence in the region), the establishment of the base at Cottonwood Cove, the alliance with the Great Khans (as he's The Spymaster, and the ambassador is one of his Frumentarii), and the plan with the Omertas to chlorine bomb the Strip, leaving it open for the taking for the Legion after the Omertas try to take it themselves. Not to mention that he was the one responsible for pacifying and assimilating the Twisted Hairs tribe in the backstory.
- Well-Intentioned Extremist: Cold, violent, and even more sadistic than Caesar or Lanius himself, speaking with Vulpes does reveal he has a very deep hatred of immorality, excess, corruption, hedonism, and drug usage, believing that these factors contributed to Nipton's deplorable state before the Legion arrived and that purging them will prevent it from happening again.
- Unreliable Expositor: He claims none of Nipton's population tried to fight back during the lottery - but if you poke around the town, you come across three dead legionaries and several signs of struggle.
- "When the Legion showed up, we fought, most tribes did. Hangdogs hung out longer than most... broke us by throwing our dogs on the fire."
- The Beastmaster: His tribe specialized in the taming and training of dogs, which makes him a valuable member of the Legion forces as his hounds make vicious attack dogs.
- Cry for the Devil: Yeah, he's an asshole who stole a little girls's teddy bear to give to his dogs, but the man has a genuinely tragic backstory.
- Jerkass: He's mean and stole a little slave girl's teddy bear just because his dogs could use a new chew toy.
- Machete Mayhem: His only weapon is a simple machete.
- Pet the Dog: Literally, his tribe loved and adored dogs, seeing them as their spirit animals. Even as a member of the Legion he still shows respect to the hounds he trains and will even give the Courier Lupa's brain if they can defeat the old girl in honorable combat, seeing it as giving her a kind of immortality.
- "Remember the rules: light armor and machetes only. And, of course, to the death."
- Jerkass: He is reasonably nice to a male Courier and will compliment their skill in the arena, but if the Courier is female he won't even want to talk to her and responds to most of her questions with sexist insults.
- Machete Mayhem: He limits all arena fights to machetes only. He also carries one himself.
- Ungrateful Bastard: It doesn't matter if a female Courier saved Ceaser's life by operating on his brain tumor or sided with the Legion for control of New Vegas. The closest he gets to paying her a compliment is by telling her that it was good that a woman proved useful for once and that Ceaser was bold to put so much trust her. Nice guy.
- Voiced by: Lora Cain"We're property. If you're too young or too old, the men usually leave you alone. Usually."
- Born Unlucky: She had high hopes of becoming a doctor, only to see it all ripped away when the Legion invaded her home and made her a slave, leaving her as little more than a primitive medicine woman who can only craft tribal remedies due to the Legion's prohibition on science and advanced technology. Notably, her Luck attribute is just 2.
- Rape as Drama: She makes it clear that women are never truly safe in Legion territory and that some of the Legion soldiers were even eyeing a female Courier when she stepped into the camp.
- Twofer Token Minority: She is one of the only female Legion characters seen and is also african american.
- Voiced by: Ashley Mc Gullam"I can't talk to you. It's not allowed."
- Shrinking Violet: She won't even talk to the player unless they pass a speech check or have really low intelligence.
- Video Game Caring Potential: Getting her teddy bear back to her safe and sound, especially since you might need to fight off four Legion hounds with just a machete to do it.
- Video Game Cruelty Potential: You can bring her beloved teddy bear back... and then rip it apart right in front of her. There really isn't any motivation or reward for doing this either, the option exists solely to allow the player to be the biggest, meanest asshole possible.
Voiced by: Mitch Lewis
"Lanius is savage. Savagely loyal, too, but only to me - he has no love for the Legion. But this has its uses. He has no attachment to his men, no compunction about battlefield losses. All he cares about is destroying the enemy. When another Legatus or Centurion fails to achieve results, I send Lanius to make things right. His first step is to beat the failed commander to death in front of his assembled troops. Then he orders the ritual of decimatio."Known as "The Monster of the East," Legate Lanius is Caesar's right-hand man and the commander of the Legion's army.
—Caesar, on his second in command.
- Affably Evil: Much like the other Legion bosses. Bonus point for not being a Smug Snake. See mentioned trope below.
- Asskicking Equals Authority: Caesar notes that the tactical and strategic abilities of Lanius are lacking; what isn't lacking is a hellish ferocity in combat and unmatched skill with a BFS. This is also deconstructed in the endings where he becomes the new Caesar, as being the baddest ass in the Mojave does not mean that he's actually a qualified leader. While he's more intelligent than Caesar, he lacks the latter's gift for social engineering, long-range planning, and building an empire that's more than a blood-mad raider tribe.
- Badass Baritone: Has one of the deepest voices in the series.
- Badass Boast: See his quote. In fact, nearly every quote by him is a Badass Boast.
- Badass Beard: Although you can't see it when you fight him due to his mask, which itself has one.
- Bad Boss: The Radio New Vegas news story in which he is first mentioned involves him beating an under-performing squad commander to death, and then ordering nine-tenths of the force to kill the remaining tenth. (That last bit is actually rather expected of a Roman-esque military force, considering the actual practice of Decimation.)Mr. New Vegas: And you thought your boss was a pain.
- Oddly enough, talking to him shows he at least disapproves of wasting the lives of his soldiers and has a limit to how much of his men he's willing to lose.
- Bait the Dog: His intelligence, respectful attitude and sense of honor might lure you into thinking he's not that bad a guy, but his rule of Vegas is even more brutal than Caesar's.
- Beard of Barbarism: Featured on his mask. His actual beard is much less wild.
- BFS: The Blade of the East. Sadly, should you take it from him you likely won't have many enemies you can use it on, and even if you do the game finishes not long after. However, Lonesome Road features near-identical weapons known as Blades of the West, which were specifically made by the Marked Men to emulate Lanius' sword.
- Berserk Button: Becomes enraged if you compare him to Graham and any attempts to talk him into withdrawing will fail if he suspects any dishonesty or dishonorable motives on your part. In general, he despises deception, which is what brings him at odds with Vulpes as he believes that victory in battle should be honest, purchased with blood.
- Blood Knight: He considers war to be the entire point of living. If you managed to talk him in to retreating, he will give you a speech about how violence will set people free in ways that they will never understand and give them strength. In the Legion road, if asked about the battle, he will say he regrets fighting Oliver instead of Hanlon - because Oliver makes his victory too easy. He even uses you as proof of this, pointing out all the things you have done after getting shot in the head.
- The Brute: Alternates between this and The Dragon, though he isn't stupid.
- Bunny-Ears Lawyer: He's intelligent, an excellent fighter and a relatively decent tactician. And that's about it. Just put him in charge of The Legion and see what happens.
- Chekhov's Gunman: There's a lot of build-up around him, especially from other Legionaries and the DLC Lonesome Road.
- Child Soldier: One story of his Multiple-Choice Past had him become a legionary at the age of twelve after killing fifteen men with a sword. They had guns, by the way.
- Co-Dragons: With Vulpes Inculta and technically Lucius, who's Caesar's chief bodyguard.
- Cool Helmet: You can even compliment him on it, while saying it will make a nice trophy. Overlaps with Mask Power.
- Cowardly Boss: After you deplete his health about 3/4, he runs away, throwing grenades to cover his retreat. He's actually running towards the pen for his dogs; when he gets there he'll unleash them, use some healing powder, and charge back at you. Unless you sabotage the pen's lock first.
- Darth Vader Clone: A more subtle example than most due to his Roman flavorings, but it's there; he's The Dragon to the Big Bad and leader of the army, wears a Cool Mask that gives him a deep, booming voice, is a symbol of fear and oppression across the Mojave, is feared by his underlings and is known to kill them for their failures, and wields a sword as his personal armament.
- Dragon Ascendant: Becomes this if you kill Caesar.
- Dragon-in-Chief: He's the general of the Legion and the commander for the final battle. House predicts the Legion would collapse in a year without Caesar, though.
- Dragon Their Feet: By the time you fight him, it's possible that either Caesar is dead, or the Securitron army you/Mr. House has activated will be seeing to that shortly. Justified by the game making the point that killing Caesar won't stop the Legion, and Lanius has just taken control without him.
- The Dreaded: Most of the NCR is scared of him, and rightly so.
- Dumb Muscle: We might get this impression, especially from Caesar, and while he certainly lacks Caesar's foresight this is largely averted. See Genius Bruiser below.
- Dystopia Justifies the Means: While Caesar's rule is hardly anything to look forward to, Lanius' rule is much much worse with the intention of creating a Darwinistic world where the weak would be broken by violence while the strong thrive in constant warfare.
- Easy Logistics: He completely disregards logistics in his campaign. You can point out to him in the final battle that even if he somehow wins at Hoover Dam, his attempts to capture the NCR will only result in the collapse of the Legion as the NCR, in a much better logistical situation, stages attrition warfare among the overstretched, poorly armed, and inadequately supplied legionaries.
- Even Evil Has Standards: He finds Vulpes Inculta's sacking of Nipton, Searchlight and his dealings with the Omertas dishonorable. And he can be persuaded to retreat if he's convinced that the campaign to take over the Mojave will be too costly for the Legion in the long run.
- Evil Sounds Deep: In part owing to his mask distorting his voice, but it still counts.
- Expy: He bears many similarities with the lieutenant from the first game. They're both dragons and possible Dragon Ascendants of the Big Bad. You may get the impression that they're Dumb Muscles (being told stories that established Lanius as a savage brute, even by his own boss and the lieutenant thanks to the first impression of super mutants by Harry) and while they lack their leader's charisma, they are both highly intelligent and well spoken. And they both speak in a polite tone, although the lieutenant is more mock-polite.
- The Faceless: He likes to enforce this image. The only people who have 'seen' Lanius without his mask are his slaves, who were struck blind soon after.
- Fatal Flaw:
- As Ulysses states, he can't afford to look weak. To talk him down, the Courier has to convince him of the possibility of failure.
- He has an additional one in his Wrath. As Caesar tells the Courier, he has no real loyalty to the Legion itself nor does he value its members for anything other than combat. On the one hand this makes him the absolute authoritative figure as his own men fear him more than the enemy. On the other hand, while he may be more intelligent than Caesar gives him credit for, Lanius' aggression and short-sightedness make him a less effective leader than he himself believes.
- Final Boss: Surprisingly for this game, played completely straight.
- Flunky Boss: If you fight him, then two Praetorian Guards and a little less then a dozen Veteran Legionaries will spawn, packing ballistic fists, machetes, marksman carbines, and super sledges. However, if you talk him into fighting you alone, he becomes a Duel Boss. If you play your cards right, you can even invert it. The speech check will have him order his men to back down, but you can still have the NCR Ranger Squad Leader, one humanoid companion (e.g. Boone), one non-humanoid companion (Rex or ED-E), Cannibal Johnson, and Doctor Henry, whereas he has no other support.
- Four-Star Badass: The best general in the legion.
- General Failure:
- He's better than Graham tactically, but strategically he has absolutely no idea what he's doing. A Courier with a maxed out Barter skill can get him to retreat just by pointing out how dumb his plan is.
- Becomes this should Caesar die, not only upping the scale of senseless brutality exponentially, but running the Legion into the ground through failed decision after failed decision.
- Genius Bruiser: Despite being made out to be a savage brute, Lanius is actually a better tactician than Graham and Oliver and wiser than Caesar thinks. He also understands warfare enough to know that defeat in battle isn't the only way to lose a war.
- Hidden Depths: If you were expecting to speak to a monstrous savage when you finally meet him based on the stories, you're gonna be surprised. Lanius is brutal and violent, but also intelligent, perceptive, and has a personal code of honor. For instance, he's perfectly aware the Legion's current societal structure cannot sustain itself, and will consider you a Worthy Opponent for coming to challenge him when all others in the West would have fled.
- Hypocrite: He really does hate cowardice and approves of honorable battle... yet he'll refuse to battle you alone if your speech skill is not high enough and he'll send his Praetorian Guards to gang up on you as well as running away when low on health.
- I Am the Noun: "I am the East. And I will prove it this day."
- Large and in Charge: He's the tallest and physically strongest human character in the entire game, and his metal armor makes him look even bigger.
- Leaning on the Fourth Wall: A relatively subtle example. His quote about violence giving strength is like leveling up by killing others.
- Lightning Bruiser: He can run faster than a Deathclaw, not to mention he can take more damage than the Legendary Deathclaw and hit even harder with his sword.
- Literary Agent Hypothesis: As explained further on under Memetic Badass, Caesar and the Legion have deliberately cultivated the image of Lanius as an unstoppable blood-thirsty monster, so it's ambiguous how much of what you hear of him is true. There's even a couple hints that he's a Legacy Character and there have been several Laniuses, since anyone around when he's without his masked helmet on is blind or gets blinded.
- Made of Iron: He can take 5 anti-tank rounds to the face without even slowing down. A Legion soldier at the arena mentioned that Lanius once killed 10 men in a match. All at once. Barehanded.
- Meaningful Name: His name means "butcher," appropriately enough.
- Memetic Badass: Not only is one in-universe, but it's an Invoked Trope. Ulysses states that Lanius is considered a near-mythical figure, both to the Legion and NCR. His power is in his reputation and all the legends about him, creating a god-like mythos to scare the Legion into loyalty and NCR into retreating. However, as the player will find out, while Lanius is certainly a powerful combatant, he is not the rampaging butcher the myths proclaim. Further, he knows that his real power is in his reputation and image, thus he will avoid jeopardizing it fighting a losing battle, and will back down to save face rather than fight and lose.
- Multiple-Choice Past: There are several accounts of how he came to be the Legion's greatest soldier that don't quite match up with each other. For example, Caesar's account of how he was the mightiest warrior in a conquered tribe and was press-ganged into the Legion doesn't fit Lucius' claim that he was already a centurion when he was 12 years old. Joshua Graham remarks that he never heard of Lanius during his time leading the Legion; Josh was only banished seven years ago, suggesting Lanius wasn't present or at least prominent in the Legion at the time. To further confuse the matter, Ulysses mentions that no one sees Lanius without his mask on, and anyone who does is blinded for it, thus there's the possibility for there to be several Lanius' since anyone can don his armor and mask to take on his image. Furthermore, this trope is likely deliberate to build up Lanius's Shrouded in Myth Memetic Badass image.
- Noble Demon: To some extent. He dislikes Vulpes' underhanded methods (specifically his ploy with the Omertas) as well as the idea of a Pyrrhic Victory. Incidentally, appealing to his sense of honor is an effective means of getting him to withdraw and has a lower skill check requirement than relying purely on Speech or Barter.
- Not So Different: Caesar considers him to be little more than a well trained animal. However, he's actually even-tempered, calm and by far the least arrogant member of the Legion. He also seems to have more foresight than other members of the Legion.
- Obliviously Evil: He doesn't view anything he does as vicious or outright "evil", simply believing he's doing his job and is being an honorable warrior via serving Caesar. Would explain why he seems to have more standards than much of the other Legion commanders.
- One-Man Army: Lucius says that Lanius once beat ten men to death in the arena. Alone. At the same time. Bare handed. One account of his multiple choice past also had him wipe out entire Legion patrols when the Legion came to conquer his tribe, the Hidebarks. When his tribe's chieftan tried to surrender to the Legion to stop the bloodshed, Lanius flew into a blind rage and killed nearly every warrior that was left. In actual in-game combat, Lanius wipes the floor with any NCR that isn't a Veteran Ranger, and even then they don't last long.
- The Peter Principle: He's a good general, but if Caesar dies and he takes over, his skills at running a nation turn out to be rather lacking.
- Politically Incorrect Villain: In contrast to Caesar who doesn't really care about gender as long as he can exploit you, Lanius actively hates women, calling them 'bitches' and even thinks NCR's treatment of them is its biggest shortcoming. Depending on your Karma, he'll even threaten to rape a female Courier if you challenge him to single combat.
- Red Baron: The Monster of the East.
- Smug Snake: The only member of the Legion who doesn't suffer from this. He'll patiently hear you out at Hoover Dam and even accept your warnings that victory would only harm the Legion, even acknowledging that you're different from others of the West that he's met.
- Stupid Evil: If he takes over the Legion and wins, he takes a number of steps that demonstrate what an Evil Overlord he is, but are strategically really stupid. The most prominent instance is deciding to hunt down the Enclave Remnants in order to allow no opposition to his rule. Caesar is smart enough to recognize it's not worth it and will leave them alone, while Lanius sends hundreds of Legionnaires after them to no success.
- Sucksessor: Despite being Caesar's successor if he dies, he's quite a lacking replacement, as Lanius' skill is in military command, not government command. While Caesar commands loyalty through his cult of personality, Lanius does it through fear and violence. Numerous characters comment that without Caesar the Legion will eventually fall apart because it's his presence that holds it together, and its implied that despite his best efforts, Lanius will fail to stop this if Caesar dies, even if the Legion wins the Mojave afterward.
- Talking the Monster to Death: With a maxed out Speech or Barter skill, you can convince Lanius to retreat, either by bluffing him into thinking that his forces aren't large enough to take the entire NCR, pointing out that the Legion's Scorched Earth policy is not economically sustainable, making him think that the NCR is secretly setting a trap for him like they did for Graham or make him think that his officers are potentially trying to betray him.
- Throw Down the Bomblet: Besides his BFS, his only weapons are his Incendiary and Frag Grenades.
- Tin Tyrant: He wears metal armor that covers every single inch of his body.
- Undying Loyalty:
- To Caesar, and when you bring it up, to the Legion as a whole (because it's an expression of Caesar's will).
- Subverted in part with the Legion because, as Caesar points out, his loyalty to the Legion exists only because it's an extension of Caesar. Lanius has no loyalty to the Legion in and of itself and this may be why, if events unfold in such a way, he's such an unspectacular ruler.
- Worthy Opponent: He considers you to be one if you managed to use speech to convince him to retreat. He even says that your views are noble, and hopes that the west will one day be full of people like you, so he can return one day and fight them in an epic battle.
- He also considers you one if you talk him into fighting you one-on-one, musing that you were brave enough to come face him when all the armies of the NCR would not.
Aurelius of Phoenix
Aurelius of Phoenix
Voiced by: Yuri LowenthalA Centurion leading Ceaser's forces at Cottonwood Cove. He is distainful of the Courier at first, but will warm up to them a bit if they prove themselves as a friend of the Legion.
"It is the armor of a Centurion. You have the rare honor of beholding it unsplattered by the blood of my inferiors."
- Awesome McCoolname: Aurelius of Phoenix, which doesn't sound like the name of someone you want to mess with.
- Cool Helmet: Like all Centurions he has a really fancy helmet.
- Hypocrite: He looks down on the Courier for being a "profligate" and not a true member of the Legion even if they provide his faction aid, yet has tobacco and alcohol products in his office, which is prohibited by Ceaser's laws.
- Jerkass: It's clear he looks down on the Courier for not being a part of the Legion and won't change his opinion even if they side with Ceaser. He will show them a small bit of respect if they bring him a lot of NCR dogtags, but not much. Oh, and he breaks official Legion law by having cigarettes and beer in his office while prohibiting his soldiers from doing the same.
- Machete Mayhem: He carries a Machete Gladius and seems to have distributed them to the soldiers under his command as well.
- Man Child: He has toys and a Grognak comic book in his office. (Though it is possible that they belonged to slaves that his group have captured.)
Voiced by: Gregory Alan WilliamsA legion commander with the rank of Decanus who serves under Aurelius of Pheonix as his second of command. In addition to his more mundane tasks watching over the camp he is also looking for ways to deal with the nearby NCR, something the player can assist him with if they have a high Explosives skill or the knowledge of how to make Powder Charges.
"Trade with Cannon Runner if you like. Make trouble and things won't go well for you."
- Bald Black Leader Guy: Granted, he isn't quite bald (he has a shaved head) and isn't quite the leader (he's a Decanus and second in command to Centurion Aurelius) but he is black, respected and in a high position of authority in Cottonwood Cove.
- Cool Helmet: He wears a standard Decanus helmet.
- Machete Mayhem: He carries a Machete Gladius as a melee weapon.
- Scary Black Man: He's tall, has a deep voice, nice armor and is second in command of an entire Legion encampment. He also warns you to behave yourself while dealing with the Legion. (See his above quote.)
Voiced by: Shane JohnsonA former member of the Blackfoot tribe who now serves as a Legion slavemaster. He recently acquired three new captures, a family, who he is quite eager to sell.
"They live in pitiful squalor, undisciplined, intemperate. To enslave them is to save them - to give them purpose and virtue."
- Affably Evil: He is a lot more friendly and polite to outsiders than most other members of the Legion.
- Machete Mayhem: Like his fellows at the Cove he carries a Machete Gladius for combat.
- Odd Name Out: Most other members of the legion have latin names like Aurelius or Severus. He just goes by Canyon Runner.
Voiced by: Ari RubenThe ferryman who runs the boats at Cottonwood Cove. When the player receives the invitation to meet Ceaser at The Fort he'll give them transport there and back.
"Ave. Are you ready to travel to The Fort?"
- Affably Evil: Though he comes off as highly insulting he at least makes an attempt to be polite to the Courier.
- Brutal Honesty: Though he tries to avoid directly insulting the player he makes it clear that he sees them as an inferior for not being a part of the Legion. He'll also tell a female Courier that despite Ceaser's request to meet her personally he still views women as extremely inferior to men.
- Crazy-Prepared: If the player dumps radioactive barrels on Cottonwood Cove he'll be the only one who survives due to having an Advanced Radiation Suit.I warned them about that truck weeks ago. Always be prepared for any hazardous radiation I said. Those headstrong fools should have listened...
- Machete Mayhem: Like all of the Legion stationed at Cottenwood Cove he carries a Machete Gladius as a melee weapon.
- Sole Survivor: If the player opts to pay the Legion at Cottonwood Cove back for what they did to Camp Searchlight he'll be the only survivor due to being the only one who thought to bring a radiation suit with him.
Voiced by: Jesse BurchA captured Legion Centurion who is being interrogated by Lieutenant Carrie Boyd at the Camp Mc Carran NCR military base. Unfortunately, he has so far refused to say anything worthwhile to his captors, which allows the Courier to intervene and try to get get some useful information out of him themselves.
"What an ugly little worm you are. What pile of excrement did the lieutenant pluck you from, worm?"
- Ain't Too Proud to Beg: He claims to not fear death and is certain that he can escape the base without being harmed or leaking any Legion secrets. However, if the player claims to be a Legion Assassin sent to kill him he'll start to panic and beg for mercy.
- Dirty Coward: He refused to follow his orders to commit suicide like the rest of his squad. If the player poses as a Legion Assassin sent to kill him he'll immediately panic and start begging.
- Hypocrite: He's fine with the other legionaries sacrificing themselves to protect Ceaser's interests but claims that he himself shouldn't have to as well simply because as a Centurion he is more useful to the Legion alive.
- Jerkass: Most Legion authority figures have at least a few positive traits, but Silus is just an overconfident and cowardly douchebag.
- Smug Snake: He is confident that he can escape without revealing any information and mocks the player every time they try to talk to him.
- Villainous Breakdown: If the player claims to be a Legion Assassin or reveals he just gave away highly classified information he'll lose his cool and start breaking out the threats or begging.
Voiced by: Ron YuanPicus, also known as Ronald Curtis is a Frumentarius agent who has been working right under the noses of the NCR military to send important information such as troop movements to the Legion, which has led to many ambushes and deaths. He is also planning on using a bomb to destroy the monorail connecting Camp Mc Carran and New Vegas together, which would deal a major blow to the NCR.
"You're getting too close, Shamus!"
- Knife Nut: As one would expect for someone posing as a soldier his melee weapon is a combat knife.
- Meaningful Name: He is likely named after the Picus of Roman mythology.
- The Mole: Impressively, he has been undercover as a member of the NCR military for years now and uses his position to leak classified information to the legion via radio.
- Nice Hat: He wears a NCR Beret which reflects his position in the military.