The Cat in the Hat is a children's storybook written and illustrated by Dr. Seuss in 1957, which started off his series of books for beginning readers. In fact, Dr Seuss created it as a challenge by a publisher friend to provide an alternative to the insipid Dick and Jane children's reading primer series. It would prove so successful in that regard that it proved a Genre-Killer to the older series as Seuss' style became the norm in kid lit.
The story opens on two children who are stuck inside their house due to rain while their mother is out, when they suddenly get a visit from the eponymous character, a six-foot-tall cat who wears a tall striped hat. The Cat offers to entertain them by performing various tricks, with help from his funny-looking assistants, Thing One and Thing Two, despite the objections from the kids' pet fish. Eventually, after the Cat and the Things end up making a mess of the house, the kids take control of the situation, and the Cat makes up for it by cleaning the place on his way out right before the mother returns.
The Cat became one of Dr. Seuss' most enduring characters, returning the following year in a sequel titled The Cat in the Hat Comes Back, in which he leaves a "cat ring" in the bathtub and spends the rest of the book spreading the spot around in an attempt to get rid of it. In addition, he hosted three other books by Seuss and also served as the narrator for the otherwise unrelated Daisy-Head Mayzie (published after Seuss' death).
It got adapted in 1971 by DePatie-Freleng Studios which expands upon the storyline. It was followed up with Dr. Seuss On the Loose (in which the Cat introduced animated adaptations of The Sneetches, The Zax, and Green Eggs and Ham) and The Grinch Grinches The Cat In The Hat (in which the Cat matches wits with the title character of How the Grinch Stole Christmas!). The Cat later starred in puppet form in The Wubbulous World of Dr. Seuss. The original book also got a Living Books title. The Cat also often serves as a narrator or host in other Seuss related works made after Seuss death.
A Soviet animated short was made in 1984. It changes the Cat's hat into a cap, which is transformed into a number of things throughout the cartoon. Thing One and Thing Two are absent.
It received a Live-Action Adaptation in 2003, starring Mike Myers as the titular Cat, which is today considered one of the worst movies ever. Seuss's widow, who had complete control over his estate, hated the overabundance of child-inappropriate humor and felt it such a poor representation of her late husband's work that the Seuss estate buried it and forbids any more live-action adaptations of his works.
The books contain examples of:
- An Aesop: "It's fun to have fun, but you need to know how!" A little silliness and mischief is fine, but it's important to know when to stop.
- Blue-and-Orange Morality: The cat is never malevolent. He is simply trying to have fun and doesn't understand the damage he is doing.
- Central Theme: A little troublemaking is ok as long as it's not taken too far.
- Cliffhanger: The book ends with the kids trying to decide whether to tell their returning mother about the cat, and even asks the reader what they would do. The sequel refuses to resolve it.
- Constrained Writing: It was written using a specific constrained vocabulary consisting only of words you'd expect a six-year-old to know.
- Matryoshka Object: In the sequel, the Cat has Little Cat A under his hat, who has Little Cat B under its hat and so forth. Underneath Little Cat Z's hat is the "Voom", which unleashes some kind of divide by zero effect only for when the Godzilla Threshold has been reached (in the case, cleaning up the yard.)
- No Name Given:
- The boy who narrates the story is never given one.
- Ditto for the cat himself (as well as that fish).
- Only Sane Man: The Fish.
- Order Versus Chaos: The Cat is a Trickster Archetype Übermensch who calls for tearing down the old social order. His foil is a fish who insists on maintaining respect for traditional authority figures.
- Person with the Clothing: Hes just called the Cat in the Hat.
- Put on a Bus: Despite being a prominent character in the first book, the fish is never even mentioned in the sequel. Partly justified since most of the story takes place outside, and because the kids remembered their last encounter with the Cat and are far less trusting of him as a result, making the fish's role unnecessary.
- Rain, Rain, Go Away: Its raining out when the Cat makes his appearance.
- Reset Button: Before he leaves, the Cat always manages to undo all the damage he's caused.
- Screen-to-Stage Adaptation: A stage version of the book was shown in London sometime in 2011 and was even available on Netflix at one point.