Also her grandma Pinako Rockbell, and Garfiel and Dominic and most of the business in Rush Valley. Winry is just a particularly standout example because of her youth; she fashioned Ed's first automail at the age of eleven.
Gaiden Game: Fullmetal Alchemist and the Broken Angel/Curse of the Crimson Elixir/The Girl Who Succeeds God are side-stories to the manga (even though they use some music from the first FMA series).
Gainaxing: In the episode where Lust reveals herself to Roy and Havoc (although Havoc already knows her as his girlfriend, Solaris) the camera zooms to the tattoo on her chest as they gasp, "The Ouroboros!" The camera stays on her chest for a beat, and then her breasts suddenly go 'Boing!'. Literally. That's the sound they make. Then we see Roy and Havoc, with Lust in the background, still boing-ing, as Roy says, "I can see why you were deceived by her..."
Riza gets a minor one as well in an early episode when she pulls a gun and shoots at Barry the Chopper. God bless you and your dedication to realistic movement, Bones Animation Studio.
Gallows Humour: It goes so far that deceased characters appear on the flap of the manga volumes ascending into heaven and in Omakes parodying their own death. Ed and Al's mutilation and their resulting anguish is played for fun more than a few times too. It's just a bit less extreme than the humour in Saikano, but it tries hard.
Gambit Pileup: In later chapters, with Roy, Olivier, and even Grumman's plans set in motion, it's hard to tell who's manipulating whom.
Father and the Homunculi still have a hand in everything that is going on.
The train ride to Table City in Sacred Star of Milos certainly brings up flashbacks to the Flying Pussyfoot pileup from Baccano!, with the Elric brothers, border security, the guy the Elric brothers are currently looking for, a chimera who's also after the guy the Elric brothers are current looking for, and a bunch of bat-wing glider-wearing Mooks with guns all collide and start fighting everybody else (except for the Elric brothers working with border security) and trying to accomplish their own goals while either trying to stop the train or keep it moving.
Gambit Roulette: Father's plan involves the creation of a whole empire from scratch!
The Xing royal family displays this. Ling and May, two potential successors to the throne of Xing (out of over a dozen others). All of them are searching for the best way to prove that they will be the best to succeed the throne, and these two decide to seek out the philosopher's stone in hopes of obtaining a method to give immortality to others. Ling wins, but he swears to protect May's clan with his power.
The Armstrong patriarch has Alex and Olivier fight for leadership of the family. Olivier wins, and it isn't even close.
Giving Up the Ghost: Ed gets smacked so hard on the head by Winry's wrench and starts bleeding profusely to the point that he passes out. His soul starts to drift out of his head wound, and Alphonse grabs it so it doesn't get away.
"I've got your soul, brother!"
A Glass of Chianti: Not wine, but this trope seems to be invoked when Father drinks the Philosopher's Stone residue after melting down Greed out of a fancy-looking chalice.
Glory Hound: Several of the less sympathetic military officers.
Glowing Eyes of Doom: Mustang. The first time he does it, it's meant for humour when he threatens to fry Barry for lusting after Riza. The second time? ...Notsomuch.
A God Am I: Father, even if he's not human to begin with.
God Before Dogma: After the exposure of Father Cornello and his cult as frauds and the bloody uprising that followed, it seems that the people of Liore have adopted this philosophy. They tore down the church but kept the statue of Leto (their god).
Good Colors, Evil Colors: Masterfully inverted during the Ishval flashback in Brotherhood, where everything is depicted in monochrome except for the characters' eye color. In this flashback, though, the Amestrians, who were the attacking party, had blue eyes, while the Ishvalans, who were the victims, all have red eyes.
Good Scars, Evil Scars: Wrath has an evil scar over his Magical Eye. Scar has an antiheroic scar. Roy gets a heroic scar on the back of his right hand when he cuts a transmutation circle on it to incinerate Lust, and a huge burn that presumably scarred. Riza has a burn scar on her back that is technically heroic, but subverts the trope in that it's ugly. Ed has a heroic scar where his automail arm connects, and another that appears repeatedly on his forehead.
Also Buccaneer, who died along with Fu to finally wound King Bradley. Manly Tears were shed.
Chapter 105, Bradley, while saying that his life had been a good life.
In chapter 106, Kimblee, who helps Ed defeat Pride by restricting his movement, is seen doing this just before fading away.
Chapter 108, Hohenheim dies happily in front of Trisha's grave. Greed dies smiling after realizing he has friends.
Gorn: The manga and Brotherhood are nearly as violent as a seinen manga such as Hellsing. Characters are speared, blinded, disintegrated, burned to ash, shot, stabbed and eaten. No age group is spared. Homunculi especially are torn to bloody ribbons, over, and over, and OVER with shots of viscera and exposed bone common. Awesome and yet disturbing.
Extra special attention was given to watching Homonculi regenerate. Every bone, muscle, and sinew are given special detail in close-ups as they grow back.
Government Conspiracy: The homunculi and all the upper echelons of the military are in on a plan to turn the country into a giant philosopher's stone and gain immortality, and the corrupt politicians rationalize it by claiming to use it to form a utopia, even though they're just unwitting pawns.
Grand Finale: Chapter 108 is a whopping 113 pages and leaves no plot thread hanging.
Grand Theft Me: Subverted. Trying to pull this on Ed is a good way to get your ass kicked.
Guns Are Worthless: Used and subverted. The Homunculi can be slain by them if killed enough times, though alchemy is much more effective since they can make them need more flesh regenerate. The super, zombie soldiers released by Central can only be killed by destroying the crown of their heads, something that is nearly impossible to do with bullets alone. Hawkeye lampshades this trope in one chapter...
Riza: They don't work on anything these days...
Guyliner: Pride seems to develop this to highlight his evilness near the climax of the anime, also to go along with the Animation Bump.
Happily Married: Izumi and Sig Curtis, Maes and Gracia Hughes, Ed and Winry eventually and possibly Al and May.
Even if they weren't technically married, Trisha and Hohenheim could count.
Subverted with Roy and Riza; Word of God says that, though they stay together for the rest of their lives, if Riza wants to stay working for Roy they can't get married, due to anti-fraternization laws.
Isaac the Freezer averts this; everyone he freezes dies.
The whole Briggs episodes shows what could happen if you walk around with regular metals making contact with your skin or walking in snowstorm unprepared (hint: it's bad).
Healing Factor: The Homunculi all have this power (save for Wrath), being powered by a Philosopher's Stone. The only way to get over it is to destroy the stone or force them to regenerate until they use the whole thing up.
Heal It With Fire: Mustang. As said on the page, bonus points for doing himself. He also sears Havoc's wounds shut.
The Heavy: Father. Founded the country, orchestrated the war which inspired the military cast members to usurp the government, responsible for Hoenheim ditching his family (and thus reducing the chance of healing Trisha), and generally responsible for every major bloodshed in Amestris, either during or before the show.
Heel-Face Revolving Door: Ling Yao and Greed. Ling spends a lot of his earlier scenes in the series picking sides based off of who he felt could provide him with the most information on immortality, such as running around with Barry the Chopper. Greed on the other hand was already a defector from the rest of the antagonists to begin with, but he goes through losing his memory and working for them again, regaining his memories and becoming an Ineffectual Loner with a taste for taking over the world, and then finally performing a Heroic Sacrifice, cementing his place in the series as an Anti-Hero.
Greedling displays a variant of this. He can encase his whole body in impenetrable armor, but almost never protects his head, even though it's repeatedly endangered (he's shot at least twice, and Wrath almost beheads him). He finally conjures the head armor when he's about to be hit by a rocket.
Not helmets but neglecting use of protective headgear nevertheless: why, for the love of Truth, does nobody in Briggs cover their head or at least ears against the cold? The scalp has lots of circulation, which causes it to lose an awful lot of warmth, and uncovered ears freeze very easily.
Greed sacrifices himself to save Ling and attack Father from the inside. He succeeds.
Especially in chapter 107 when Al uses his soul to give Ed back his arm, so Ed (who is pinned back and without his automail arm) can avoid being killed by Father.
Al really seems to like this. He also gives up his chance to get his body back so he could fight in a strong state. And a couple of chapters before, lets himself get trapped in a huge dome with Pride.
Subverted in the same chapter. After being badly wounded by Wrath, Scar seems to be headed for this, but we find out later that he was found and given treatment by the Amestrian military, and survived.
He Who Fights Monsters: Scar went from a victim of genocide by alchemy to hunting down and killing every state alchemist he could find... with alchemy. Later on, Ed, Al, and Winry pretty much call him out on this. Then Riza, Ed, and even Scar try to keep Roy from falling into this.
High Fantasy: albeit set in some form of the early 20th century, but all the elements are there.
Highly Conspicuous Uniform: Most of the State Military wears a blue uniform. It doesn't really blend in anywhere, but is excusable (sorta) considering the time period. But then they go to fight in the desert. Instead of giving more practical desert colors, the solution? Issue white burnouses out to the soldiers, which blends in better to a degree, but is an extra layer to wear in the desert and they still wear blue underneath.
High-Pressure Blood: When Riza has her throat cut to force Roy to open the Gate, we have a Discretion Shot where all we see is a huge burst of blood exploding in the air. Then we see the thug with the blade drop Riza. It doesn't work that way!!!
In all fairness, her heart rate was probably a little high.
Hollywood Darkness: Ed uses alchemy to cause a blackout in order to gain an advantage over Pride, who can't use his powers in complete darkness. The characters can't see, but to the audience, the lighting is only slightly darker.
Hollywood Healing: Pretty much avoided. One notable instance is Mustang and Havoc's encounter with Lust. Roy takes many chapters to heal, and the scar from cutting a sigil into his hand can be seen in much later chapters. Havoc is, of course, paralyzed. He is shown in a photograph to be in rehab at the end of the manga, even after Dr. Marcoh used a philosopher's stone to heal him.
Also avoided in a somewhat odd example, in that the plume on Al's helmet is never restored after being in the Crocodile.
Also avoided in the way Ed receives a cut from his fight with the Slicer Brothers and, because of his constantly being in and out of fights, the wound continues to re-open from not having fully healed. Arakawa certainly did not let her heroes heal quickly.
Hope Spot: Near the finale, Briggs troops capture Central, Bradley seems deposed, the mannequins are being dealt with, the corrupt military brass is killed or captured, and Olivier announces that they've won... then Bradley shows up, rallying the loyal troops, and opens a can of whup-ass. He defeats an enemy tank singlehandedly with his swords and a single well-placed grenade.
Hostage Situation: To keep Ed and Mustang in line, Fuhrer Bradley subtly threatens the safety of Winry and Hawkeye. He also transfers Roy's other subordinates to distant places, but specifically makes Hawkeye his personal assistant. By holding the women they care about over their heads, he effectively makes both alchemists unable to (visibly) go against him.
Bastard-doctor-with-the-gold tooth has one of his zombies slit Hawkeye's throat to get Roy to do a human transmutation - he tells Mustang, in short, "You leave her like this and she'll bleed to death, but do a human transmutation and I'll cure her." Mustang initially freezes up and can't make a decision, until Hawkeye gives him a help-has-come eye signal; then he refuses, keeping his cool until the Chimeras pull a Big Damn Heroes moment. (Well, if you can call staring at her with tears in his eyes and begging her to answer him "keeping his cool"...it's difficult to say how he would have coped without the assistance of May's lifesaving alkahestry.)
Inverted when it's the "good guys," aka Mustang's team of rebels, that kidnap Mrs. Bradley. The hostage part of it is eventually subverted as well, when they prove to her that high-ranking government officials are involved in a sinister conspiracy and she allies herself with the rebellion, helping them gain the public's acceptance.
Housewife: And God knows Izumi won't let you forget it!
I Am Not Left-Handed: Late in the manga Scar reveals that during the Time Skip he was able to complete his brother's research and duplicate his "creation" arm.
I Am Not Weasel: Shao May is constantly confused for a black and white cat rather than a tiny panda—not that an Amestrian would know what a panda is. There's also the fact that, while searching for Shao May, the characters encounter a black and white cat that does look like a panda.
I Just Want to Be Normal: Zampano and Jerso, who hate being chimeras and just want to go back to being normal humans. Averted with Darius and Heinkel, who actually like their alternate animal forms and decide to stay as chimeras.
I Just Want to Have Friends: At the end of the series, Greed sacrifices himself after eventually admitting that he never really wanted women and power, but to have friends like the human characters.
Icarus Allusion: A parallel is drawn between Icarus and the Elric brothers, who believed they could successfully perform human transmutation despite the fact that no one ever had before. Of course, they failed.
Iconic Item: Ed's watch and red coat, Roy's gloves. Ed's armblade transmutation seems to be used a lot within fanon and artwork, but he doesn't really depend on it that much within the series.
Lampshaded slightly in the manga when Ed enthusiastically buys a length of red fabric to remake his coat, saying he 'needs all the luck and morale he can get'.
Ed used his armblade far more in the first anime which likely explains its popularity in the fanon. Also: It's really freakingcool.
Identification by Dental RecordsMaria Ross' apparent death. She turns out to be alive - it was a ruse by Mustang. To elaborate: Roy made artificial teeth through her dental records, and they were good enough to fool most doctors. However, he needed the rest of the body to get away with it, so he made the bet that Dr. Knox would lie when examining the "corpse".
Idiot Ball: May is pretty easily conned by Envy into going back to Central, where he can escape and rejoin Father, as opposed to taking him to Xing, where he'd be isolated from the other Homunculi
Scar himself lampshades this when applying the trope to Roy Mustang during his "fight" with Envy.
I Got Bigger: Ed eventually grows from being the shortest of the main cast to a respectable height throughout the series.
I Have Your Wife: Used several times by villains who keep the heroes, Ed and Roy in particular, on good behavior by threatening their loved ones. Eventually turned back at them by Mustang's rebellion, which kidnaps Mrs. Bradley and shows her that her husband and his supporters are the bad guys, winning her over and helping them win support from the populace.
The Illuminati: Between the symbolism and the massive evil conspiracy, Father, the Homunculi, and Central Command are very much this trope without the name, to the point their defeat becomes that much sweeter for any viewers that may have heard of it.
Image Song: Ed, Al, Ling, Lan Fan, Riza, and Winry have at least one. Ed and Al have two duets. Roy has a song too, but there's no actual singing.
Improbable Age: Much is done to justify twelve-year-old Ed being accepted into the military, the most significant of which is Ed's ability to use alchemy without transmutation circles.
Improbable Aiming Skills: Riza Hawkeye manages to pull up a sniper rifle and shoot Envy (in human form) with it. Apparently she just does not care that it is nearly impossible to hit someone with a sniper rifle (even at close range) without carefully aiming first.
At Ishval she was called 'The Hawk's Eye' (as creative as that was) because of her improbable aiming skills.
Inspirational Insult: While at Rush Valley, the promoter of an arm wrestling contest insulted Edward's height which ticked him of and made him fully determined to win the contest. Edward won but Alphonse says it was because Ed used Alchemy.
Even more ironic is the fact that before Envy kills him he does in fact talk about his wife.
The fact that Gluttony dies by being eaten.
Father's evil plan was all a scheme to gain true knowledge and freedom by becoming perfect. But he didn't improve upon his actual personality flaws, like his egomania and total lack of empathy, instead focusing on trying to give himself cool godlike powers. The Truth even notes that while his whole plan focused on making himself better, personality wise he never really grew beyond his days inside the flask he so desperately wanted to escape.
It Only Works Once: A successful human transmutation requires the person performing it to relinquish all of their alchemical abilities, preventing them from ever doing it a second time. Either that or Ed is the only person who will ever successfully do one.
Well, it also requires the person in question to not be dead. (Al was not dead, only trapped at the Gate.) And for the person who gives up their alchemy to have another gate to be able to get out of, meaning the alchemist would need to have their soul connected to the person they tried to bring back.
Ed: Winry! Uh... Um... How do I say this? Er... Like an appointment, or a promise, right? Winry: Huh? Just spit it out. Ed: Equivalent exchange. I'll give you half my life... so give me half of yours! Winry:(Confused, then frustrated). Argh, why are alchemists like this?
I Want Them Alive: Justified and subverted. The Homunculi need alchemists that have tried human transmutation for their master plan, so they go out of their way to make sure they survive. They're not afraid to rough them up, though, and they will kill them if they prove too big a problem. They have multiple candidates, after all.
Karma Houdini: If the omakes are to be believed, most of the baddies, even the likes of Envy - who killed Hughes and an Ishbalan child - and Zolf J. Kimblee - who loves turning innocent people into bombs, even his own allies, and Loves the Sound of Screaming - are going to Heaven after they died. Chew on that for a second.
Katanas Are Just Better: Noticeably subverted with Dolcetto, who looks like he'll be something of a Bad Ass when he shows up with a katana, but gets quickly trounced by everyone he ends up fighting. When he goes toe to toe with the cavalry saber wielding Bradley, he is swiftly and fatally bisected.
Kick the Son of a Bitch: Rather than using some alchemical trick to kill Envy the way Marcoh did, Mustang just torches him over and over again, making sure to do so in the most painful ways possible. It's presented as Mustang being just short of the line of being consumed by revenge, but more than a few people found it cathartic.
It wasn't about saving Envy's life, but about preventing Roy from crossing a line he won't return from. Ed, Scar and Riza all agreed that Envy needed to die, but letting Roy kill him for revenge was not the way to do it and would only push Roy in a direction he would—in retrospect—not wish to take, particularly after his experiences in Ishbal. After all, a major theme of the series—as demonstrated by Scar much earlier—is that revenge is wrong and unhealthy. Given the author's Buddhist faith, it really shouldn't be surprising that it was handled like this.
Kill 'em All: Father succeeds in turning everyone in Amestris into a Philosopher's Stone, leaving just the five sacrifices, the remaining homunculi, Father himself and May (and her panda) as the only survivors. Fortunately, it doesn't stick.
Lantern Jaw of Justice: Armstrong is a straight example but Al has one built right into his armor for some reason.
Large Ham: ARMSTRONG'S HAMMINESS HAS BEEN PASSED THROUGH THE ARMSTRONG LINES FOR GENERATIONS!
Every other member of the Armstrong family is shown to be just as hammy, particularly Olivier.
The Last DJ: Roy appears to be an inversion at first (has no morals and is only after promotions) but we eventually learn that he's a straight example, since part of his plan for what to do after taking over the country include ending the military dictatorship, which would strip away his own immunity from being charged with the war crimes he committed while "just following orders." Riza, who would likewise lose her immunity from the charges, fully supports his efforts. There's also Armstrong, who refuses to follow orders and kill indiscriminately in favor of his own sense of honor and justice, and he flat out gets told that's why he is never promoted.
Leaning on the Fourth Wall: In volume 14, when Ed comes out of the shower naked and finds out May is inside Al's armor, the guard comes in and says "Stop acting like you're in a manga!"
Left for Dead: Lust leaves Mustang and Havoc to bleed to death. Mustang cauterizes their wounds and then proceeds to incinerate Lust until she dies.
In the film Fullmetal Alchemist: The Sacred Star of Milos, Atlas did this to Julia's brother, after all, he is Just a Kid.
Ling. When he's introduced, he doesn't seem to take anything seriously, he mooches food, and generally acts flippant. He's the last person you probably expect to put up a decent fight against Wrathwhile carrying his injured bodyguard. Is it any wonder he survived being turned into a homunculus?
Dr Marcoh defeats Envy in a single transmutation. Turns out a guy who can create a philosophers stone also knows how to destroy one.
Yoki hits Pride with a car.
Let Me Get This Straight: Many off-screen exposition sequences are concluded this way, such as Ed explaining to Lan Fan what happened to Ling and Hohenheim explaining Al his backstory.
Let The Past Burn: The Elric Brothers' Origins Arc ends with them burning their late mother's home where they grew up before they go out on a quest to get back Al's body (which was lost in an attempt to resurrect their mom in that very house). They say it's so they won't ever be tempted to turn back from the goal they've set. Hohenheim says its more like a child trying to burn the evidence of their soiled bedsheets after wetting the bed.
Lan Fan cuts off her own arm, attached it to a dog, and wandered around in the sewers for a few hours to lure away the two Homunculi chasing after her and Ling. (This was in imitation of a less painful example earlier which Ed does with his automail arm when they fought.)
And, of course, Ed sacrificing his right arm for Al.
Chapter 107: Inverted when Al sacrifices his own soul to restore Ed's arm. Of course he does because Ed's automail arm was destroyed and Ed was pinned and about to be killed by Father.
In a flashback, Scar's brother sacrifices his arm to save Scar from bleeding out after he loses his arm.
Though it's not as extreme owing to him being a suit of armor, Al blows both his own feet off to get away when Pride grabs him by them.
Lighter and Softer: Compared to the first anime in some ways. The ending is a lot happier after their journey finally ends, they travel around with a cute little girl and her panda, Homunculi are made from red stones instead of the body of a failed human transmutation, less good characters permanently die, and the ruthlessness of several characters is toned down compared to their incarnations in the first series, or are Played for Laughs like Barry The Chopper. Not necessarilya bad thing, and the dark side of humanity is still shown on several occasions.
And despite that, it's simultaneously Darker and Edgier than the first anime; it's bloodier and more graphic, the stakes and atrocities are larger and are explored in greater detail, and the scope of the Big Bad's power and influence are much much greater, making the plight of the heroes almost look hopeless.
Light Is Good: Although there are many subversions (see below), this trope is occasionally played straight — the Elric brothers and Hohenheim have both blonde hair and gold eyes and are good guys, and the Phenotype Stereotype features of the Armstrong family seem to be a mark of them being Amestrian nobility; and there are several good blond characters.
Light Is Not Good: The very first villain faced is a megalomaniac priest who pretends to be a kind messiah like figure. From there, we also have The Truth, Fullmetal's version of God, who appears as a white form and is quite sadistic and condescending; Scar, who often wears white or other lively colours and had a religious affiliation attached to him at one time; Solf J. Kimblee, who also wears white and has light symbols that form the transmutation circles tattooed on his hands; Pride, a living shadow-made Eldritch Abomination whose powers only works with a source of light; and The Man In White, a gold-toothed scientist who works for Father.
Father himself, who wears white robes and resembles Zeus.
If you notice, his evil lair is more or less lit up until he sheds his human skin, which leads one to believe that Father was the one emitting that light in the first place.
Also, Scar's biggest asset is his speed. He literally dodges bullets.
No mention of Alex Louis Armstrong? He's outsped both Scar and Sloth.
Like Father, Like Son: Ed spends years trying to undo his big mistake; Hohenheim spends centuries trying to undo his. Hohenheim even remarks on the trope's presence, saying that Ed is "just like I was at his age."
Roy's moment (blaming his tears on the rain, on a cloudless day) doubles as a Ship Tease moment, since the only person who witnesses the tears is Riza - who agrees that yes, it is raining. Triples as a subtle metaphor. It's raining for two reasons: Mustang's face is wet, and also, he feels useless, which many characters point out as his condition when it rains.
Match Cut: A Gory Discretion Shot where Ed and Al are about to stab the rabbit with a knife, immediately cutting to them stabbing a fish with a pole.
Episode 27 of Brotherhood may even hint at a Jailbait Wait and/or Precocious Crush story between them, as Hohenheim has a dream involving Trisha as a child, asking him to dance, and aging to adulthood as at the end of the dream. The episode is anime-only so the dream isn't considered Canon, but it's not too much of a stretch to think he did know Trisha when she was young, since he was stated in the manga to have been drinking buddies with a younger Pinako, and is centuries old, after all. Some may go as far as to consider it a hint of Wife Husbandry, although that's a bigger leap.
Not dialogue, but in the family photos. The poses of the family members in the portraits of Hohenheim, Trisha, Ed, and Al are largely identical to the one at the end of the series with Ed, Winry, and their kids (other subjects in the photo nonwithstanding). They differ in the expressions of the father and elder child in each: Hohenheim is crying in his photo while holding young Ed by the armpits, while Ed holds his unnamed son while wearing a shit-eating grin which his strongly resemblant son is imitating.
Father's death at the hands of Ed is strikingly similar to the original Greed's death. Right down to quotes being almost exactly the same.
Father: Now return to whence you were born. Return to my depths and rejoin my soul. Return Greed.
Ed: Go back to where you were born. Go back to nothing, homunculus.
The Fuhrer is named King Bradley although in his case the name was given to him by the scientists that made him what he is.
Sharpshooter Riza Hawkeye (it's even lampshaded a couple of times, especially in the manga where Roy is said to have 'the Eye of the Hawk' protecting him).
Everyone in the Armstrong family seems to be ridiculously strong.
On a subtler level, Roy (Roi means King in French - guess who wants to replace King Bradley as Fuhrer?).
In the US Navy during WWII, a "mustang" was an officer (usually promoted from the ranks) without any patrons or political help from outside the Navy. Roy personifies this (substituting Army for Navy) , although it is uncertain that was planned.
"Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim", the full name that Hohenheim was intended to receive, is the real name of the real world's most famous alchemist, Paracelsus, plus Riesenburg (Resembool) being his home. Amestris was the consort of the Persian king Xerxes.
Riza Hawkeye becomes more poignant when she becomes Roy's eyes once he goes blind.
Xingese alchemy is called alkahestry. "Alkahest" is an ancient name for the Philosopher's Stone, while also being the hypothesized ultimate solvent. Now think, what school of alchemy was used to remove Father's dampener and used to destroy Envy's philosopher's stone instantly?
Mega Manning: Pride eats Gluttony and promptly gains his sense of smell... and insatiable hunger.
Meganekko: Sheska. Also Riza, on those occasions when she wears glasses as part of her Clark Kenting disguise.
Mid-Season Twist: Episode 7 of Brotherhoodnote Chapter 10 of the Manga reveals the Philosopher's Stone is made by sacrificing numerous, living humans.
Mildly Military: The Amestrian military has more of the feel of an urban police department than an army.
Considering over the entire run of the series, there are no police, only military police, this can pretty much be assumed to be true.
Keep in mind however, that while this trope is true to a certain extent, Amestris is also a military dictatorship— all government officials are members of the military, protest against the government is responded to with military force, and to be a licensed alchemist is to be a member of the military.
Militaries Are Useless: Subverted: at the very beginning, Edward Elric confronts the Head of the local Corrupt Church without any help of the army. He later explains that, after dealing with the leader, he sent a report to his superiors in the military, who reacted by sending troops to deal with the trouble created by the collapsing of the church. It's then revealed that those troops were sent to replace those of the General in charge of the region, because they were dealing too well with the population, while his superiors needed bloodshed.
A Million Is a Statistic: Averted when it is shown that Van Hohenheim actually took the time to come to an understanding with EACH and EVERY ONE of the 536,329 souls now trapped in his body as a result of Father's destruction of Xerxes.
A theme throughout the series. Wacky Face Fault gags! Genocidal military dictatorships! Wacky characters who appear with pink sparkles and hilarious muscles! Those same characters racked with guilt over the civilians they murdered in the war!
The series goes straight from an epic chase sequence involving Alphonse Elric, Roy Mustang, Barry the Chopper, Ling Yao, and several Homunculi to jokes about the Gag Boobs and then straight back.
In Volume 10, an Omake makes fun of this:
Editor: Chapter 38 is supposed to be serious stuff. Take out the comedy. Arakawa: Hmm...You're right. The plot may flow better that way. Editor: Yeah, that way we can replace 'em with more action. Arakawa: Sure thing...But can I keep the boobs in? Editor: Of course! You must keep the boobs in! Arakawa: I'm so glad you're my editor, Shinomura sir.
The fight between May and Lan Fan, with Knox putting them in their place, is entirely played for laughs. Then we have a flashback to Ishval and Knox talking about how he doesn't want to see kids killing each other. Whiplash enough to rattle brains.
Episode 10 of Brotherhood has the scene involving Hughes' death immediately followed by this line from Ed:
Ed: Oh, boy! This is the best apple pie I've ever eaten!
After Scar's first attack, and Ed coming close to dying, Al goes off on him for trying to commit a Senseless Sacrifice, punctuated by Al's body falling apart after Scar's attack. But this line comes off as silly every time.
Al: "Oh, great! Now my arm fell off cause my brother is a big stupid idiot!"
Mook-Face Turn: All four of the Chimeras that were with Kimblee, after being saved by Ed and Al on different occasions. Not one of them had a name until they turned.
The soldiers that were sent to capture Olivier and Alex Armstrong, after the Armstrongs saved them from the Cyclops Soldiers and Sloth.
Mook Horror Show: Lan Fan has a He's Back moment in which she shows that she's recovered from the loss of her arm by rescuing Ed and his group from Gluttony by cutting Gluttony to ribbons with the blade attached to her automail. It's an awesome scene, but it's initially shown from the perspective of Gluttony, an Obliviously EvilPsychopathic Manchild who is overwhelmed with pain and fear.
"Greedling" helps the rebel forces hold back the soldiers loyal to Central Command. This entails a Terminator-inspired scene where Greedling is in the Ultimate Shield Instant Armor and smashes tanks like toys while the enemy soldiers futilely try to shoot him. Someone on the heroes' side even comments "Good thing he's on our side."
Toward the end of the series, Mustang goes on a Roaring Rampage of Revenge against Envy, and despite Envy being one of the most sadistically cruel characters in the series, you actually feel kind of bad for it.
In a humorous example, at one point, Ed is being hunted by soldiers from Central Command after going rogue. In a scene shown from their perspective, an unseen Ed calmly takes out the group looking for him, finishing up with the unfortunate soldier who, when describing Ed, just had to note his short stature.
Morality Pet: Both King Bradley and Selim have a soft spot for Mrs. Bradley, despite being heartless homunculi and, at times, complete bastards.
May has acted as a morality pet for several people, but most often she's Scar's.
Riza is occasionally this for Roy, in part because of the promise he extracted from her that she will be his conscience and shoot him if he strays from the righteous path. Particularly, when he goes on his Roaring Rampage of Revenge against Envy for Hughes' death, she threatens to kill him because his vengeance is consuming him. She then informs him that once he's dead she will kill herself. He's brought up short by the fact that he's being lectured by Ed and Scar, a child and a guy who previously tried to kill him, but mostly by the fact that he's caused Riza pain again. He even says afterward, "It was the Lieutenant who brought me to my senses."
Murder-Suicide: Discussed. Riza tells Roy that she is willing to keep her word and shoot him if there is no other option, but then she'll kill herself too as she sees no point in living without him.
Musical Spoiler: Who is person running through a gauntlet of attacking Central soldiers and confronting Wrath at the end of episode 56? The theme normally reserved for Xingese characters may clue the viewer in ahead of time.
Must Make Amends: The events of Fullmetal Alchemist all get their start when Ed and Al try to bring their dead mother back to life and pay a terrible price for trying. Their quest to set things right and get their bodies back is a major theme of the show.
My God, What Have I Done?: The five Human Sacrifices who survived the Gate. Ed in particular because he has to bear the burden that his little brother lost his entire body in the process. Al in a lesser but still meaningful sense since it was because the price of his soul being bonded to the armor was Ed's arm.
Greed, who anguishes in an enraged manner when he regains his memories and realizes he killed the last of his former followers.
Myth Arc: The Elric brothers' quest to restore their bodies. This soon gets entwined with unraveling the conspiracy surrounding the military, the homunculi, and the philosopher's stone.
Naked First Impression: A non-embarrassing male variation: When Al finally gets his human body back from the Gate, he's naked, which is the first time everyone except Ed, Hohenheim, and Izumi & Sig Curtis sees the real Al. He does have a blanket over his lap, though.
The Napoleon: Ed, and he is not happy about it. Apart from being played for laughs in the manga though, it is hypothesized that it's directly linked to Al's possible recovery of his body, which is still alive and could be mooching nutrients off Ed's body from the Gate of Truth.
It's also explained, in the Profiles book, that the weight of his automail helped to stunt his growth somewhat. Which only makes sense, because Ed outgrowing his automail would've easily gotten in the way and raised so many questions…
Narrator All Along: Father is the narrator in both the dub and the sub, though the trope is subverted because the narration happens from more than one perspective.
Necromantic: Trying to bring back the dead with alchemy is a bad idea.
Never Trust a Trailer: In the English manga, at least, the "next volume" previews always seem to take panels out of context, or translate certain sentences in such a way as to change the meaning of what is being said to make it more dramatic or to give it different implications entirely.
Ninja: Lan Fan and Fu are as close as it's gonna get...
No Conservation of Energy: Alchemy, despite following Equivalent Exchange, does not explain why it seems to bypass entropy. Mid-way through the series, it's revealed that the energy of alkahestry comes from the 'dragon's pulse', and alchemy works almost the same way, using the natural movements of the Earth.
Not So Different: Many characters compare themselves to Elric brothers because of their action of human transmutation or what they have become because of it. Every time, the brothers would deny accusations and work to undo their mistake.
Ocular Gushers: Al shows this in comedic moments despite not having any tear ducts. Also Armstrong, whenever he sheds his Manly Tears. May can put out fires with her tears. Denny when he finally sees Maria again.
Odd Friendship: May, cute little princess with the pet panda, and Scar, alchemist-hunting serial killer, get along surprisingly well.
Oedipus Complex: Ed. The last opening even has a strange sequence where the camera zooms in on the outline of his mother's breasts and then pans to him crying out and reaching for her, and later has him dreaming of her with a smile on his face while his wife watches on... Yeah.
Offered the Crown: In Chapter 108, instead of Olivier or Roy taking Bradley's place, they instead allow General Grumman to replace him as Fuhrer.
The climax of episode 41 has two massive ones for Ed, likely shared by the audience. The first? Oops, Kimblee had two philosophers stones. The second? Ed seems only moderately injured from falling down a mine shaft. Must be Made of Iron, right? Wrong. He notices his Blood from the Mouth, looks around and sees he's been impaled on a girder. Then the pain sets in and he collapses, unconscious. Meanwhile, due to the empathic bond between Ed and Al, Al collapses in the snow and is drawn towards his body, presumably because Ed is close enough to death that Al's body would be unable to survive without his soul.Oh, Crap indeed.
Heinkel has one while guarding Al and Pride, who have been mutually trapped inside a giant mound of dirt to keep Pride's shadow abilities in check. After a while, Pride starts banging on Al's helmet, and Al and Heinkel assume that Pride is just acting like Selim (aka, a bored child trying to amuse himself). That is, until Heinkel realizes the banging is Morse code, and Pride is transmitting their position to his allies. Cue attack by Kimblee.
Envy has this in episode 43 when Marcoh reveals while he's captured and restrained that not only can he create philosopher's stones, but destroy them as well. Shock turned to pain and despair as Marcoh revealed his transmutation circle and drained Envy of all power in a single, massive, and badass transmutation.
During a coup, the commander of soldiers defending the main gate to Military Headquarters dismisses the possibility of being defeated by the Briggs soldiers, saying that "they'd need a tank to breach the gate." Guess what he sees when he looks through his binoculars a second later.
The entire rebel forces have a collective one when Bradley/Wrath is revealed to be Not Quite Dead.
Pride and Kimblee have one in Episode 51 of Brotherhood, when they realize that Al has a Philosopher's Stone.
The faces of the Briggs' soldiers when they hear Mustang's back in Chapter 107. "Hit the deck" indeed.
Omake: Hiromu Arakawa has one mean sense of humor and it shows in the "extras" pages in the back of every manga volume. The content of them occasionally make it into either of the anime (two words: TINY MINISKIRTS).
The Omniscient Council of Vagueness: The homunculi are portrayed like this early in the anime, where they appear to be able to foil the Elric brothers' plans and prepare their own without previous knowledge. The manga goes into more detail over how the homunculi get their information before the plot is fully unveiled.
One Hero, Hold the Weaksauce: Edward Elric is (unlike almost every other Alchemist on the planet) able to do alchemy without first drawing a circle. Anybody who opens the Gate of Truth can do this, at the cost of a "tribute" taken by Truth, such as Ed's leg or Izumi's organs.
There's also a fairly big subversion of this trope during the final fight between Roy and Envy: Envy transforms into his True Form and gloats that there will be no holding back. Mustang's reaction is to set him on fire while berating him for stupidly making himself a bigger target. Envy responds by reverting back to his humanoid form and running away as fast as he can.
In the new anime, Father Cornello gets this during a fight, in true Batman Beyond fashion.
In chapter ninety-seven of the manga, Father reveals his true form to be a humanoid shadow covered in eyes and mouths, just like the shadows Pride uses to attack.
And then in Chapter 104 Father somehow manages to go One-Winged Angel AGAIN, having opened the Gate of the entire planet, turning the entire population of Amestris (except our heroes in the center of the circle) into a Philosopher's Stone within himself, and absorbing the knowledge of God to cross the Bishonen Line.
Only Mostly Dead: Everyone not in Father's sanctum from the end of chapter 104 to the middle of chapter 105.
Ouroboros: All the homunculi (save Pride and Father) sport one somewhere: Lust - above her breasts, Gluttony - tongue, Envy - upper left thigh, Greed - back of his left hand, Wrath - left eye, Sloth - back of his right shoulder. Pride probably has one somewhere, we just never see it.
Paint the Town Red: Scar is the initially the biggest perpetrator of this while he's killing State Alchemists, but Wrath becomes an even bigger perpetrator of it after Scar's Heel-Face Turn.
Homunculus/Father is the ultimate perpetrator/instructor of this, what with the crests of blood needed to carve out the points needed for his nationwide transmutation circles in both Xerxes and Amestris.
Hohenheim is one absurdly powerful and protective case of this, even if he doesn't act like it the first time we see him.
Fu to Lan Fan, which makes him a Grandpa Wolf.
Fu: So, who is this man who remains uninjured despite both our best efforts? Ling/Greed: That'd be King Bradley. Fu: "''Oh ho! I've never seen him with my own eyes...So this is the man who severed my granddaughter's arm!!!
Party Scattering: Fuhrer Bradley uses his position to reassign the entire Mustang group to far corners of the country, each doing a job they're not very good at. They aren't reunited until near the end of the story with added allies, one of whom does kill Bradley and appoint Mustang as the new leader of the country.
At one point, he has a flex-off with Sig Curtis. They end up as friends as a direct result.
People of Hair Color: The Ishvalans have grey hair and red eyes, as well as dark skin. Xingese people have black hair and black eyes and people from Xerxes had gold hair and gold eyes.
Percussive Maintenance: In episode 45, Ling meets up with Ed after a fight with Wrath. In the middle of their conversation, Greed tries to take control back over Ling's body. Ed starts hitting him on the head to stop this from happening.
Ed:(To the rhythm of his hits) Hey! Hey, hey, wait, wait! No, no, no, no, no, no! Fight back you idiot! Don't let him overpower you!
Person of Mass Destruction: Every State Alchemist can be considered this; Mustang even commented that their job is like an "artillery person who gets sent in when everything else fails". Father and Hohenheim also count.
Phlebotinum Breakdown: If you don't know your stuff, alchemic reactions can backfire on you pretty spectacularly.
Photographic Memory: Sheska and Kimblee. Falman may not be quite this level, but it's still described as being "so sharp it's scary."
Physical God: Father after he literally ate the Truth/God. Among his powers are the ability to create a mini-sun in the palm of his hand (using nuclear fusion), the ability to fire tremendous energy blasts in front of him or above, and the power to control the weather itself.
Pietà Plagiarism: Twice in one scene. After Riza's throat is slashed and Roy escapes from the goons holding him, he rushes to scoop her up in a very Pieta-like pose, urging her to open her eyes and answer him. Once May saves her from bleeding to death in the alkahestry circle, he does it again, this time holding her closer and pressing his face into her hair.
Piggyback Cute: Ed carries Winry this way when she's exhausted after helping deliver a baby.
When the Elric brothers visit their teacher in chapter 20, there's a little girl who comes to Izumi in hopes that she would fix her cat since she won't move.. It takes a while for Izumi to explain her that you can't bring back living once they're dead. The fact that it's Izumi telling her this with Ed and Al standing behind makes it just even more sad. And the backstory we see afterwards.
Mustang says this almost verbatim to a dying Hawkeye after the gold-toothed doctor's mook slashes her throat. Fortunately, unlike the other two examples, she's not dead and does wake up.
Plot-Based Photograph Obfuscation: Hohenheim's face is obscured on the only family picture the Elrics have. Initially, the reason for hiding Hohenheim's face seems to be Ed's loath of him so that he wouldn't have to see his father's face. It turns out that in the photo, Hohenheim looks exactly like the Big Bad, and also that he is crying in it.
Plot-Triggering Death: Or Ed and Al's part of it, anyway; their mother's death is what prompts them to throw themselves into alchemy, becoming Izumi's apprentices and eventually trying to bring Trisha back from the dead via human transmutation - whereupon all hell breaks loose, and they then set out on a journey to restore their bodies to normal. Her death is what ultimately caused their involvement in the whole story - and ironically, it's also one of the only two non-Big Bad-related deaths in the whole series.
Poisonous Captive: Envy, when trapped in a flask. Even as a prisoner he was dangerous enough to talk his way out.
Poor Communication Kills: Deliberately invoked by Ed and Al so they could have (if not a somewhat flimsy) excuse to fight and neutralize Jerzo and Zanpano in Baschool.
Power Trio: A villainous one formed by Lust (Superego), Envy (Ego) and Gluttony (Id). Until Lust is killed, that is.
Pragmatic Adaptation: Various scenes are either omitted or tweaked from the manga (be it time or budget), but Brotherhood stays quite spot on with the key elements.
Brotherhood also condenses the events of the beginning part of the manga which were already covered in the first anime adaptation (before it Overtook the Manga). For example, Hughes dies in episode 25 of 51 in FMA, but episode 10 of 64 in Brotherhood.
Prayer Pose: Used creatively. Edward Elric's transmutations involve clapping his hands together. As pointed out by Rose in Brotherhood, it looks much like prayer. Appropriate, considering the divine-like powers of alchemists, and Ed's struggles against evil.
Punished for Sympathy: Narrowly averted. During the Ishvalan War, Alex Louis Armstrong becomes so horrified about the genocide brought down on the Ishvalan people, that he ends up letting a couple of them escape the extermination. SolfJ.Kimblee notices this and quickly kills the two Ishvalans. As Kimblee states himself, he could easily get Armstrong in trouble by reporting him to the court-martial. However, he doesn't do this, which makes his character all the more disturbing.