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- Fullmetal Alchemist:
- The Ishvalans have grey hair and red eyes, as well as dark skin. Other races in the series tend also to have a common hair and/or eye colour, but not quite to the same extent as the Ishvalans.
- Xingese are all shown to have black hair and black/grey eyes, while those with Xerxes blood have golden hairnote and gold eyes.
- This is averted more in the 2003 Fullmetal Alchemist, where Xingese people do not exist (though a passing mention is made to Eastern countries and both Izumi and Roy seem at least part Asian) and Xerxes is nonexistent. The Ishvalans keep their dark skin and red eyes however black and brown hair are the default hair colors. Lior, where Rose is from, is a desert town (instead of a mountain one as in the manga) and there are a large amount of dark skinned, dark haired inhabitants. There are implications the people of Lior are distantly related to the Ishvalans which makes the Lior massacres even more comparable to the Ishvalan genocide.
- Played with in Kemono no Souja Erin. There is a tribe called the Mist People, with green eyes and green hair. Unfortunately, they are associated with black magic. Interestingly, their unusual hair color is actually never brought up and it is their eyes that function as a stigma. Also Je, the First Shin Oh of Ryoza, and her people were known for their golden eyes and blond hair.
- In Naruto members of the disbanded Uzumaki clan are said to have red hair, including Naruto's mother Kushina, Nagato and Karin, who was revealed to be an Uzumaki due to this. Naruto is the only known Uzumaki with blond hair and blue eyes, which he inherited from his father, Minato Namikaze. His own son, Boruto, is also blond. His daughter, Himawari, takes after her mother, Hinata, who has blue hair.
- In the Macross franchise, humans tend to have hair colors that exist in the real world. Most characters with green/blue/pink/etc hair are at least part-alien (with the exception of a handful of blue/purple-haired humans, which are likely a case of Hair Color Dissonance and Purple Is the New Black).
- In Magi – Labyrinth of Magic; members of the Fanalis tribe are immediately recognizable by their reddish pink hair and eyes, the Imuchakk with their blue hair and gold eyes, whilst the people of Heliohapt are a race of Dark Skinned Blonds.
- This can be detected in the Star Wars films, as well as their accompanying Expanded Universe. The Core Worlds were settled many thousands of years ago, before hyperdrive was invented; the settlers either died en route to colonization and had to raise and train their children, grandchildren, etc. to carry on the exploration after they were gone ("generation" ships) or had themselves frozen in carbonite to make themselves temporarily immortal during the many light-years of their journey ("sleeper" ships). As a result, Alderaan, Corellia, and the many other worlds colonized by the Human natives of Coruscant (or "Zhell", to use the anthropological term peculiar to the Star Wars galaxy) were genetically isolated for centuries or even millennia, giving rise to visibly different ethnic types: compare the swarthy appearance of the Corellian Han Solo with the fair hair and skin of most Coruscanti Imperials. Some of these people were isolated for so long that they descended into "barbarism" (the Dantari of Dantooine), became bitter enemies of their long-forgotten ancestors (the Tionese, who forgot that Coruscant and the Core Worlds even existed and treated their peoples as foreigners when they rediscovered them), or were so physically altered by their new planets' environments that they became freakishly inhuman in appearance (the blue-skinned Wroonians, rose-skinned Zeltrons, or tall, thin, rubbery Etti, for example).
- The 1966 film One Million Years B.C., set during a mythical Stone Age, features a dark-haired tribe and a fair-haired one.
- In J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth, there are often a set of common hair colours among various peoples, although averted as they are not uniform and not without exceptions. Of both Men and Elves, there are tribes who are dark-haired and those who are blond; Hobbits are generally brown-haired, while blond is rare.
- Hobbits divide themselves into three main breeds or tribes, one of whom is named for their fair skin and hair: the Fallohides.
- In The Lord of the Rings, the Riders of Rohan from the North tend to be blond, while the people of Gondor were chiefly dark-haired. However Tolkein reverses the typical associations, with the blond-haired Rohirrim being "lesser men" compared to the dark-haired Númenóreans. This may have something to do with analogies to real-life antiquity, with the darker-haired Romans having a superior civilization to the blond-haired Germanics.
- Tolkien went further. The "swarthy" Eastern and Southron races were generally enemies of the "fair" races.
- Except when they weren't, such as the men of Bree, some non-Dúnedain Gondorians, some hobbits, the Woses, even the Wild Men of Dunland (who were antagonists, but weren't portrayed as evil). And some of the most evil villains were white- namely, the Black Númenóreans, who were pretty much Nazis IN ANCIENT EUROPE, wore the Hat of being a bunch of Evil Sorcerers, and produced such notables as the Witch-King and the Mouth of Sauron. Tolkien did use racial stereotyping broadly, but it tended to break down the closer into things you actually looked.
- Helps that Tolkien was totally in love with such tropes as Fallen Hero, Fallen Angel, and The Paragon Always Rebels. Any generally good group, including ethnic groups, have at least one guy who went evil. LotR is the struggle to finally defeat one such rebel/Fallen Angel type, Sauron. And Saruman was pretty much the Paragon of the wizards...
- Tolkien's Orcs are black, twisted, corrupted versions of Elves, according to the Silmarillion - though considering Tolkien's linguistic style, it's hard to tell whether he meant physically black, or more figuratively black, as in 'a black day' being used to refer to a bad day.
- In Andre Norton's Witch World, the Old Race of Estcarp (and formerly also of Karsten) are uniformly black-haired and pale skinned; their allies, the sea-going Sulcar, are blond. The people of High Hallack across the sea, whose ancestors came through a Cool Gate, are pale-skinned but usually have brown or blond hair, occasionally with a reddish tint.
- In Joy Chant's Red Moon Black Mountain, the races are divided by appearance, including an entire race of Dumb Blondes.
- Ursula K. Le Guin's Earthsea series has the race contrast by skin color as well as by hair, but the white race is also chiefly blond.
- Jennifer Robertson's Sword Dancer books have the sun-baked, semi-nomadic Southron race who live in the desert and the blond, fair-skinned Northerners who live in the mountains. Later, she expanded it to include a sort of dark-Caucasian islander race.
- In Robert E. Howard's Conan the Barbarian universe, the barbarians of the north are divided into the Aesir, who are blond, the Vanir, who have red hair, and the Cimmerians, who have dark hair. Howard had a whole essay on the various human races of Hyboria and how they got to be where they are in the story in question, "The Hyborian Age". The racial descriptions given there are characterized by the very best racial science of his day.
- Robert Jordan's The Wheel of Time is full of these - notably, the tall strawberry blond Aiel and the short dark haired Cairhirenin. Jordan was effective in differentiating people based on geographical region, through appearance as well as speech patterns, dress, and customs.
- Harry Turtledove:
- In the Barsoom novels of Edgar Rice Burroughs, there are three types of white-skinned Martians, blond haired, bald, and red haired. Justified in that each of them comes from obscure, introverted, and somewhat inbred city states on remote areas of Mars.
- Aaron Allston's Doc Sidhe has three divisions of people on the Fair World: light (blond whites), dark (dark-haired whites), and dusky (blacks, Asians, Native Americans, etc.). That's right; the difference in hair color among whites is considered more significant than the differences in skin color among the duskies.
- David Eddings uses this a lot. The Belgariad and The Elenium have descriptions of people from specific lands who, though of the same race as their neighbors, tend to have characteristics specific to their own nationality.
- Justified in the Belgariad: The gods each picked out the people they liked and (effectively) inbred them. The places where the races mixed (Sendar, Mallorea) have the most sensible people.
- In Oscar Wilde's The Star Child, the eponymous child stands out among his adopted family and village because he is blond while they all have dark hair and eyes. Naturally, he turns out to be royalty.
- The Isles of Glory by Glenda Larke has this. Justified, because the people live on an archipelago with very strict citizenship rules and laws against interbreeding between islands. The main character is discriminated against because, not only does she not have a citizenship tattoo, her colouring makes it very obvious she's of Mixed Ancestry. Green eyes are found exclusively on one island, and they don't go with dark hair and skin.
- The Germanic tribes in Atilla are described as predominantly blonde, in contrast to the dark-haired Romans.
- In Anne Bishop's Black Jewels Trilogy, the races are often very distinct. For example, all people from Glacia have blond hair and blue eyes. All of the long lived races have brown skin, gold eyes, and black hair, with all Eyrien's having straight hair (it's mentioned when an Eyrien child is noticed to have a slight curl to her hair.) Children of half short-lived and half long-lived descent are easy to pick out; ie, Surreal, being half Hayllian half Dea al Mon, has lighter skin than a Hayllian, green-gold eyes, and pointed ears. The Dea al Mon are considered "short lived" with a lifespan of a hundred years or so, and they all have silver hair, light skin, forest blue eyes, and pointed ears (so they're basically elves) and so Surreal's coloring is believable; her hair is black while her skin is a bit of a mix, which is usually how genetics work, and eye colors do sometimes combine. Lucivar, being half Hayllian and half Eyrien, looks pure Eyrien because the only difference between the races is that Eyriens have wings. In fact, until he was born, no one knew his mother was Eyrien, as she was born with no wings (because her bloodline wasn't pure Eyrien in the first place) and passed as either Hayllian or as a Dehmlan witch.
- In the Ravenloft novel Carnival of Fear, the circus freak protagonists eventually flee the city of l'Morai, leaving it to stew in its own Fantastic Racism. Denied genuine human oddities to play All of the Other Reindeer Games with, the inhabitants are implied to have turned on one another: in the epilogue, a boy with black hair is shown being chased and taunted by a gang of blond youths, as if his hair color were a grotesque deformity.
- In Swedish fantasy writer Anders Blixt's novel Spiran och staven (The Quarterstaff and the Sceptre), the Termali of the sophisticated Vidonia region have a Mediterranean look, i.e. tanned skin and brown eyes, whereas the Wealdings (forest barbarians) are pale-skinned and grey-eyed. The Wealdings even use the word "brown-eye-ing" when referring to a Termali person. The protagonist Fox, who is of mixed origins, has brown eyes, pale skin, and reddish hair, hence the nickname.
- In Gene Stratton-Porter's Freckles, the Irish characters are all red-haired.
- In John C. Wright's Count To A Trillion, Blondies. Indeed, when Menelaus is viewing an old SF series and realizing it depicts the future (which didn't happen) as racism-free, a white man kissing a black woman is described as a Blondie kissing a Swarthy — the hair color trumps the skin color for the man.
- In Shannon Hale's The Goose Girl, Princess Anidori is recognised as from the country of Kildenree because of her yellow hair, and is called "the Yellow Lady" by her friends. The country of Bayern, where she was hiding, apparently has no blonde people.
- Most people in The Hunger Games District 12 look like Katniss and Gale, black hair, olive skin, and gray eyes. Mrs Everdeen is from the merchant class so she has blonde hair and blue eyes. Her daughter, Prim, takes after her. Peeta, the baker's son, and Madge, the mayor's daughter, also have blonde hair.
- A major plot point more than once in A Song of Ice and Fire. Several of the Great Houses are distinguished by their hair colour; Baratheons are jet black, Lannisters blonde, Tullys redheaded, Tyrells brunettes and Targaryens, the deposed royal house, a very distinctive platinum-white. These traits are reliable enough that Ned Stark becomes convinced that the Baratheon king's blonde children are not his own, which sets off the entire plot. This has also led to forests of Epileptic Trees that any character with white, light-blonde, or even dyed or shaved hair, is a Hidden Backup Prince poised to retake the throne for the Targaryens.
- In Margo Lanagan's The Brides of Rollrock Island all of the wives on Rollrock Island are selkies, or seal women, who have have black hair and dark eyes. Meanwhile, the natives of the island and the mainlanders have red hair. Generations of breeding only with selkies has led to everyone on the island having black hair, thus making it easy to tell who is not from the island.
- In Poul Anderson's "Time Lag", he plays with it, by making the inhabitants of Vaynamo blond, with blue eyes — that are also slanted.
- A minor example in Protector of the Small. The Tortall Universe is quite diverse (Tortall is a big place and its closest southern neighbor is based on North Africa), but one character near the northern border is rejected because he has blond hair and blue eyes like a Scanran, and Scanra is currently at war with Tortall.
- All the Regalians in The Underland Chronicles have silver/blond hair.
- Played with in The Farsala Trilogy. The upper class deghan and the lower class peasants, which are eventually revealed to be two separate people who migrated to Farsala at the same time, are differentiated between by hairtype. The deghan are marked for having straight black hair while peasants have curly brown hair. A black haired peasant or curly haired deghan is an indicator of an affair between the two groups. Despite living as one kingdom, the two treat one another as entirely separate groups of people, regarding one another with mutual disdain.
- In C.S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia, there are two factions of dwarfs: red and black, distinguished by their hair and beard color. The red dwarfs are generally on the side of good (Aslan the Lion), while the black dwarfs have aligned themselves with the forces of evil (the White Witch). At the beginning of *Prince Caspian*, the two factions are on the same side, represented by the red dwarf Trumpkin and the black dwarf Nikabrik. In the end, Nikabrik just can't help himself, and turns to evil.
- The Stormlight Archive by Brandon Sanderson: Different countries have different hair colors. The Alethi have black hair, the Horneaters red (red is also common in Jah Keved because they often mix with the Horneater Peaks), the Iriali gold (not blonde, gold), and so on. The interesting thing is that the color breeds true according to how pure someone's bloodline is. Cross-breeding will result in hair with streaks of several colors. The son of an Alethi man and an Iriali might have golden blond hair with black streaks, for example, or vice versa. This also ironically means that the lowborn castes have purer hair that fits their nation's ideal of beauty; they have less opportunity to meet and marry foreigners.
- In The Death Gate Cycle, the Sartan and Patryns are Witch Species who are also Human Subspecies, and are distinguishable from baseline humans primarily by their hair color - Sartan have Mystical White Hair with dark tipsnote , while Patryns are the opposite, with dark hair that turns white near the tips.
- In Second Apocalypse, the five tribes of man all have very specific physical traits that are rarely, if ever, deviated from: the Norsirai are pale, blond and blue-eyed; the Scylvendi have black hair and blue eyes; the Ketyai have dark hair, skin and eyes; and the Sotyothi are black-skinned and green-eyed.
- Plays into the history of the Kymeran Witch Species in Nancy A. Collins's Urban Fantasy trilogy Golgotham: Before Kymera sank into the ocean, their hair was exclusively in primary colors and rigidly coded to caste: blue for aristocrats, yellow for artisans, and red for peons. While the Racial Remnant who survived the crisis intermarried out of necessity (adding secondary colors to the range of possibilities), traditionalists still tend to hold some degree of bias against anyone with warm-toned hair. The only mention made of Kymeran skin tones is in reference to a specific individual; therefore, it's probably safe to say that the same variations (or lack thereof) exist among all three castes and their descendants.
Live Action TV
- In Doctor Who, the two races on Skaro seem to be defined by hair colour - the warrior-race, Thals, are uniformly blond (mostly straight), and the scientific Kaleds have brown hair (mostly curly). This leads to some problems in "Genesis of the Daleks", where the Doctor (who had dark curly hair in that incarnation) is identified as a Kaled, but no-one knows what to make of his red-haired companion Sarah.
- In The Dominators, the dark-haired Dominators and the blond Dulcians.
- In Angel, Lorne's species (technically known as Deathwoks) all have long red hair to go along with their green scaly skin. Lorne's hairstyle is comparatively shorter than his kinsmen, giving the impression of highlighting his brown roots; it's all-natural, though.
- Game of Thrones:
- This becomes a major plot point in Season 1 when the Baratheons' dominant tendency to black hair is enough to raise (perfectly correct) doubts about the parentage of King Robert's three blond children as the Lannisters are jerkass blonds - the only blonds in the series.
- Platinum-white hair is the most distinctive feature of the bloodline the Targaryens practiced Brother-Sister Incest for hundreds of years to maintain.
- The trope is also subverted by families like the Starks, who are all shades: Ned, Arya, and Bran are brown; Jon Snow is black; Catelyn, Sansa, and Robb are red or reddish-brown; and Rickon is dark blond.
- This was a common trope on Star Trek: The Original Series. In one of many examples, the Cargo Cult tribe in "The Apple" had deep tans and silver/white bouffant hairdos.
- A Vocaloid song series Evillious Chronicles, particularly in The Story of Evil makes several mentions of the Green Country, the people's defining aspect being thick green hair. Became a point of Fantastic Racism in "Daughter of White": the singer is a social outcast due to having white hair instead of green, and survives the Green Country's massacre because the Princess of Evil ordered that everyone with green hair be executed.
- Long-after-the-fact depictions of the Saxons and the Normans after the conquest make the Saxons blond and the Normans dark-haired. Robin Hood is typically blond, when Maid Marian is a Norman, as in The Adventures of Robin Hood, she is dark-haired.
- In Prose Edda, all members of the Niflung clan have "hair as black as ravens".
- Dungeons & Dragons seems to take yet another cue from Tolkien here. The various elf "subraces" (including the distinct Drow) have hair color and skin tone determined by their elven ethnicity (with a wider range of pigments than humans). Conversely, humans in the D&D universe seem much more integrated and ethnically homogenized.
- The Kingdoms of Kalamar setting had several distinct ethnicities, not all of which looked European.
- The Mystara setting's Dawn of the Empires boxed set explored this trope a good deal, with humans from different regions of imperial Thyatis and Alphatia having distinctive ethnic phenotypes, as well as cultural quirks. Those ancient Alphatians who immigrated from another world included both pale-skinned and copper-skinned ethnic stock, with intolerant subgoups within each of these choosing to remain "pure" and not marry the other; the majority of Alphatians, however, consider ethnic bigotry secondary to anti-Muggle Fantastic Racism.
- Thyatis, and its former territory of Karameikos, subvert this trope by being host to many ethnically-mixed families.
- In the Hollow World, the Spell of Preservation tends to maintain populations' distinct physical traits across the generations. Even though intermarriage goes on, it's implied that descendents of such mixed pairings eventually breed their way back into one or the other parent ethnicity, eventually causing all "foreign" traits to vanish over time.
- Warhammer's Elves fit this trope to a significant extent. All three of the elven "races" are uniformly tall and pale-skinned, but most High Elves tend to have light blond hair, almost all Dark Elves have pure black hair and the Wood Elves have a mixture of blonds, blacks, browns and quite a lot of auburn. These colourations most likely reflect something of the moral characters of the kindreds — the High Elves being noble and good, the Dark Elves vicious and evil, and the Wood Elves capricious and mercurial, tending at times to embody both extremes. It is, of course, possible to paint elf miniatures with whatever hair colours one likes however. In contrast to the Elves, Warhammer's humans tend to be just as varied as their real-world counterparts, and no specific hair colouring predominates.
- In The Elder Scrolls, Bretons and Imperials are two apparently completely separate races that both look like white humans. However, it also subverts this trope with the existence of Redguards.
- Final Fantasy:
- In the NES version of Final Fantasy I, each town had its own uniform hair color and clothing color, due to graphical limitations.
- Lunarians in Final Fantasy IV all have white hair... although the 3D version Jossed this by depicting Posthumous Character Kluya as having black hair.
- In Final Fantasy X, the heavily discriminated-against Al Bhed race all possess blond hair and green eyes with spiral pupils. The half-Al Bhed Yuna has mousy brown hair and one green eye (with a round pupil). The only blond non-Al Bhed character we encounter is Tidus, who may get away with it as his hair is obviously dyed.
- In Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: The Crystal Bearers, about half of the members of the Selkie tribe, including all four major characters from that tribe, have red hair. Most of the other Selkies have blond hair. No non-Selkie with red hair exists in the game, so red hair is pretty much a "red flag" alerting you that a character is a Selkie. Blond hair, however, leaves an individual's tribe ambiguous; the protagonist has blond hair and is not a Selkie.
- Similar to Final Fantasy I, this occurred in the first-generation Pokémon games to some extent. Yellow had it so that each town was the color of its name (as all of the towns were named after colors). This also happened to the black-and-white Red and Blue, but only when played on the Super Game Boy and Pokémon Stadium; on colorized handhelds, the entire game was made either red or blue, depending on the version.
- Fire Emblem: The Blazing Sword has redheaded Pheraeans, blonde Etrurians, and green-haired nomadic Sacaens. The former is notable since the the Heroine, Lyndis has bluish-green hair due to her Caelin mother and Sacaen father. May also count as Phenotype Stereotype
- In Fire Emblem: The Sacred Stones, there is a more realistic version of this: you can tell where most people are from due to their hair color; most people from Jehanna are redheads, and a number of former Grado residents are blonde. However, just as many people are black/blue/green-haired, with varying countries of origin.
- While black hair is not unique to them, the Darcen Space Jews of Valkyria Chronicles all share it and are most commonly identified by that (given the games simple manga style).
- Depending on your interpretation of canon within the Chrono Trigger series, the people of the flying Kingdom of Zeal could qualify. They all have blue/purple hair, while the Earthbound Ones of the same era all have earth tones as their hair colors.
- In OgreBattle 64: Person of Lordly Caliber, the two people. Indigans and Aurics, are differentiated by hair colors. Aurics are primarily blond, while Indigans have Blue, Purple and Black hair.
- In Wake the Sleepers, light hair marks out a distinctive race.
- In The Meek, the Carissi people uniformly have blond hair, the Pasori have dark hair, and the Santri have a wider range but tend towards brownish-red.
- In No Songs For The Dead, all Lilim have blonde hair, like their mother Lilith.
- In Unsounded Alderode has a caste system that divides people by hair color. People there are strongly suggested to marry within their own caste, preserving the visual distinction. Word of God says that "if the castes are mixed - which is forbidden and hence rare - placement follows a certain formula, always trending towards the Bronze caste."
- Downplayed in Drowtales where almost all drow have naturally white hair that they frequently dye in their clan colors, making this an Invoked Trope, but played straighter with their ancestors the Dark Elves, who often showed clear patterns among the different regions in terms of natural hair color. Purple seems to be most common among those from Sharess' original kingdom, blue for the Sullisin, black for the Phariastans and blue-green for those from Zharbi, who became the Sharen, Sullisin'rune, Beldrobbaen/Balvhakara and Illhar'dro respectively once they moved to the underworld.
- Star Power: As seen before, the Evebians have green hair, and as seen here, they're called "grassheads" by the purple haired people they're trying to exterminate.
- Star Wars: The Clone Wars retcons the Mandalorians into Nordic people, always blonde with blue eyes. Later episodes show a few dark haired people, but in groupshots of the populace everyone is blonde.
- In some countries of the world where the majority of the population is light-or at least brown-skinned, this trope is actually Truth in Television.
- For instance, the Russian word "cherniy" (which means "black"), when used to describe a person, actually refers to black-haired people, especially Caucasians (who, while somewhat tan, are still, well, Caucasian), rather than Sub-Saharan Africans, who are called negry (the word "Negro"/"negr", while somewhat rude, is generally considered to be socially acceptable in Russia), if one wishes to sound more politically correct, afrikantsy ("Africans"). "Light" or "fair" too usually mean "blonde" rather than "white" in Russian.
- Similarly, references to the "Black Irish" refers not to skin colour, but to particular sections of the Irish who live mainly in the Western part of the country who have much darker hair than most of the population, with one popular (but at this point mostly debunked) theory suggests the Black Irish are descendants of survivors of the Spanish Armada. Another theory, especially among the people themselves, is that it's an indication of more pure Gaelic ancestry, since light coloured hair is generally considered an indication of Viking or Norman ancestry.
- The same applies on the British mainland, where the word 'dark' has historically been used to refer to people with dark hair and dark eyes, who usually fall under a more mundane version of Raven Hair, Ivory Skin. The theory runs that, as in Ireland, those with dark hair and dark eyes are descended predominantly from native Britons from prior to the Saxon invasions, or from the Normans. While it appears less these days than it once did, descriptions in Britain still tend to clarify whether they're referring to skin colour or not, where elsewhere it might be assumed that 'dark' was referring to skin colour.
- American wigmakers, who historically used real hair (donated by sick or already balding people) in their trade, once placed a premium on blond hair, and as such highly prized hair taken from residents of the Great Lakes states (any state touching Canada or a body of water that touches Canada between Minnesota and Ohio) because of the higher-than-average percentage of German, Dutch or Scandinavian ethnic markers in those regions. Of course, blond hair can now be found just about anywhere in America, especially since (as a result of the Punk Rock subculture especially) hair-dyeing has become so simple to perform and prevalent.