Born in the Wrong Century

"Most people think Marv is crazy. He just had the rotten luck of being born in the wrong century. He would've been right at home on some ancient battlefield, swinging an axe into somebody's face. Or in a Roman arena taking a sword to other gladiators like him. They'd have tossed him girls like Nancy back then."
Dwight McCarthy, Sin City, "A Dame to Kill For"

There's a certain type of character who yearns for Ye Goode Olde Days, when things were more exciting, or simpler, or better in some other way. Or maybe they feel they'd fit in better in a time other than their own. Or maybe they're just history buffs and would like to have been around when all that history was happening. Maybe it's the romance they miss.

Or maybe the character is an inventor ahead of their time who just can't convince anyone that their crazy ideas could make a benefit for mankind, or a sci-fi buff who only wishes that all those stories about spaceships and flying cars were real, or a subculture waiting for the time when the world will be ready for them.

No matter what the reason, though, this character feels that they were born in the wrong century.

Characters of this sort often find themselves involved in Time Travel adventures — maybe they jump at the chance to test out some new time travel technology; maybe they're selected because their knowledge of the era will be useful to their fellow time travelers; maybe they just want to travel through time so badly that the fabric of spacetime folds itself for them for no adequately explained reason. Sometimes, these characters learn that the time they wanted to live in isn't so great after all, but just as often they don't. If so, they may choose to stay.

Note that this trope usually involves characters who live in modern industrialized democracies where they have a great deal of freedom and luxuries, which can make their nostalgia hard to take seriously. Characters from a crapsack country ravaged by plague, famine, or an evil dictator, are probably justified in feeling this way, but are rarely depicted unless they live in a future dystopia. Alternatively, like in the page quote, these characters are people who would like to return to a time when physical violence was a good pathway to fame and fortune.

Meanwhile, outside of science fiction and fantasy, characters like this are just stuck in the present day. Sucks to be them.

Such people do exist in Real Life, by the way; the time travel part, on the other hand, is probably not Truth in Television. Compare with Fan of the Past and Disco Dan. See also Nostalgia Ain't Like It Used to Be for cases governed by Nostalgia Filter or The Theme Park Version of "Ye Goode Olde Days".
    open/close all folders 

Examples With Time Travel

     Anime and Manga 

    Comic Books 
  • The Marquis de Sade in The Invisibles: Locked up for obscenity in the 18th century, he finds himself embraced with open arms by the fetish club scene of present-day San Francisco.
  • Not exactly time travel but close enough. Travis Morgan, The Warlord, was a lot happier in the savage Lost World of Skartaris than he ever had been in the 20th Century.
  • Currently working for Oracle in Birds of Prey is Zinda Blake, better known as Lady Blackhawk, a fighter pilot and hero from the 1950s who found herself in the modern day after a time warp sends her forward several decades. Due to her highly liberal and controversial beliefs, such as her determination to become a fighter pilot, she finds herself much more comfortable in the modern day DC Universe than she did back in her own era. The only notable problems she seems to have is that her taste in music is a few decades behind the times, and she can hardly get anybody to honor her senior citizens discount.
  • In a Batman and Martian Manhunter team-up in Detective Comics in 1997, Wally Dalbert, a 27th century thief who commited his crimes by travelling backwards in time but had no way of travelling forwards, eventually settled to become a philanthropist in 19th century Gotham, where he had previously indicated he would feel more at home.
  • Subverted by time-travelling foes of The Flash, Abra Kadabra and Professor Zoom, who travelled to the 20th century because they felt out of place in their own eras, and turned out not to fit in very well there either.
  • Played with in the case of Klara Prast of the Runaways, who travelled forward in time from the early 20th century. On the one hand, she doesn't miss her old life of being married to (and exploited by) her abusive alcoholic husband at the age of eleven, or the persecution she used to suffer because of her plant-controlling abilities. On the other hand, she finds many aspects of the modern world baffling (it doesn't help that her guide to modern world is Molly Hayes, whose own understanding of the world is rather spotty.)

  • Several characters in Children of Time.
    • The story takes Sally Sparrow's attraction to old things and fleshes it out, to the point where she's a history major. Which is terribly convenient, since she marries Dr. Watson and lives the rest of her life in the first half of the twentieth century.
    • Beth Lestrade and her father, Michael, are big history buffs, especially regarding Victorian Britain. Justified in that they're descended from the original Inspector Lestrade.

  • In Back to the Future, Doc Brown longed to be back in the days of the Wild West, which he manages to visit in Back to the Future Part III.
  • This is the whole premise of Midnight in Paris; the protagonist feels like he would have loved to live in 1920s Paris, only to find a way to visit that era. There, he falls in love with a woman who wants to live in the 1890s, and when the two visit that time they find out the people back then wanted to live in the Renaissance.
  • The whole premise of The Brady Bunch Movie is that the '70s incarnation of the family is transplanted into 1995 and comically unaware of the world around them being different than it was back then.
  • Somewhere In Time has the protagonist falling in love with a long-dead actress from the past.

  • The protagonist of Jack Finney's Time and Again wants to live in the 19th century, so he volunteers for a time-travel experiment. And the follow-through: he ultimately decides to stay in 1882.
  • For the protagonist of Caroline B. Cooney's Time Quartet, just briefly wishing that she lived a hundred years in the past seems to be enough to send her back in time. She winds up discovering that the Victorian era is not as great as she thought it was. A later book has an ahead-of-her-time Victorian girl travelling to the 1990s, with similar results — the culture shock is just too great for her to feel comfortable staying there.
  • The book The Sterkarm Handshake features a tramp on the streets of Edinburgh who is given a chance to travel back to 16th century Scotland, where he fits in a lot better.
  • André Marek in Timeline is an interesting case — he is deeply interested in medieval combat, language, and culture, but seems to hold few illusions about the morality that goes with them. When he is exposed to a past full of backstabbing, grime, and cruelty, he elects to stay behind, and marry the Femme Fatale.
  • Alfred Bester's short story "Hobson's Choice" deconstructs the hell out of this trope. The main character lives in the aftermath of a nuclear apocalypse. He believes he lives in the worst time ever and dreams of escaping to the past. He discovers time travelers appearing from a small town and finds out that they are being sent there as a form of therapy because they believe that his time period is a Golden Age. The time travel technicians point out to him that in real life it would be nearly impossible for anyone to adapt adequately to live in a past time period. The time travelers are being sent back as a form of therapy to get them to readjust to life in their present, and most soon come back after finding they can't live in that time period. It is also pointed out that there is probably no point in time that someone, somewhere, and somewhen doesn't think is a golden age.
  • Hans Christian Andersen's "The Magic Galoshes" featured a man who always said that life in Medieval Denmark was much better... until he got there himself.
  • It isn't actually time travel, but the Darkover novel Two to Conquer gives the same effect with Paul Harrell — quite explicitly described as being in the wrong century — being transported from the Terran Empire to the feudal-era Lost Colony of Darkover.
  • In Tim Powers's The Anubis Gates, Professor Brendan Doyle — who studies 19th century poetry — ends up stuck in London in the year 1810 after getting separated from his party of time travelers. (They were just popping in from 1983 in order to sit in on a lecture by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.)
  • There are literally dozens if not hundreds of romance novels that use this trope, either by sending the heroine into the past to meet a dashing hero or having a dashing hero brought to the heroine's time to woo her as he plays the Fish out of Water. When Status Quo is returned and everyone is back in their own time the heroine usually meets the hero's descendant and falls madly in love with him in the last few pages or paragraphs.
  • In Poul Anderson's "Time Patrol", Everard wishes that people from his time who talked of the "noble Nordic" could see the Dark Ages peasants he is seeing.
  • The main character in Edward Ormondroyd's Time at the Top, a grade-school aspiring actress, wished that she could've lived back when women wore long dresses that went "swish." Fortunately for her, the ditsy old lady she'd helped with her potatoes and hat on a windy day granted her three trips back to the past via the elevator in her apartment building.
  • The titular character in Nancy C. Swoboda's "Christopher Frame," who wished that he'd lived back in the days of real craftsmen, discovered that he could travel to the period when a photograph was taken if he put it on his dresser, set his developing timer and then went to sleep. He managed to stay in the past by asking a girl from the period to hold his hand and not let go when the timer was about to go off.
  • In Island in the Sea of Time, Marian Alston goes from being a lonely, closeted Coast Guard officer to a beloved and respected war hero after the Event sends her ship back in time to the Bronze Age. The only thing she seems to miss about the 20th century are tampons. Similarly, William Walker rather likes the opportunities presented by a world in which "might makes right" is still a respected principle.
  • In Heart Of Steel, Alistair Mechanus is a modern-day Mad Scientist who talks, acts, and dresses like a character from a Jules Verne novel. Then again, he acknowledges that he's crazy, and this is what resulted after a Heroic BSOD in his past.

    Live Action TV 
  • Oliver O'Toole, the main character of Signed Sealed Delivered, prefers quoting Shakespeare and writing letters to spending time on the internet.
  • The original Star Trek episode "The City on the Edge of Forever" had Edith Keeler, a pacifist activist who was born in the wrong century. Her ideals matched the future Federation's exactly, but had her movement succeeded, Hitler would have won World War II. She herself was not a Time Traveller.
  • The Twilight Zone episode "A Stop at Willboughby" is all about this. Also the episode with Buster Keaton, which involves a time traveler going to the late 19th Century and being frustrated by the lack of modern conveniences.
  • Captain Jack Harkness, from Doctor Who and Torchwood, was born in the 51st century, but has a deep fondness for the 1940s, to the point where he impersonates (and/or enlists as) an American volunteer in World War II at least three times.
    • The first time was just part of an elaborate con to sell an alien ambulance he was claiming was a warship. It was sitting on the exact spot a bomb was going to hit, and he planned to take off with the money.
      • There's also something of an inversion in Torchwood in that he sometimes seems to be living in the wrong century, considering 21st century social and relationship mores as being "quaint little categories". The current day attitude to relationships seems very different from in his time...
    • A much darker example, as well as a slight subversion from the same 'Verse is Professor Yana, an elderly genius scientist who just happened to live at the End of the Universe, when all the stars had long since burned out. When the Doctor encounters him and realizes that he built elaborate circuits out of food, he remarks that Yana would've been revered all across the galaxies if he'd been born earlier. But those galaxies, as Yana puts it, "just had to go and collapse on us." Ironically, Yana turns out to be The Master, the Doctor's former-best-friend-slash-archenemy, who had gone as far as to turn himself into a human and erase all of his memories to escape the horrors of the Time War. When he finally regains his memories, he is able to steal the Doctor's time machine and fly to the present day — but as his insanity had returned hand in hand with his memories, he no longer intends to use his genius for the greater good...
  • Amanda Peet from Lost in Austen yearns for the manners of the early 19th century. Luckily, she gets to stay there.
    • Elizabeth Bennet, meanwhile, would rather live in Amanda's time.
  • Warehouse 13 gives us a female H. G. Wells, who after over a century of being suspended in bronze, shows little surprise at the wonders of the 21st Century, as she had already predicted most of it in her writing. At various points, it could even be argued that given the ingenuity she displays in evading Warehouse agents, as well as her century old gadgets still outclassing them, even the 21st Century may still be a century or two behind her.

  • "Tribute To The Past" by Gamma Ray.
    Prepared to go where my heart belongs — back to the past again
  • The protagonist of the Tony Banks song "Throwback":
    I walk the backstreets
    Of every dirty city, searching for the route
    That leads me back to where I belong
    I don't know how, but I'm trapped in the wrong time
    If you know someplace I can go
    Then I ask you, lead me to the door!
  • It has been said that Nick Drake would have been better off in Elizabethan England rather than the 1960s-1970s. He was known for his love of the poet John Keats.

  • Hatsune Rondo of Mayonaka Densha pines for 19th century London as she has become disenchanted with modern day Japan, and also wishes to escape from her unhappy home life. While she does get her wish and meets a dashing hero in typical romance novel fashion and meets her hero Sherlock Holmes when she gets there, living in Victorian London seems to be frequently costing her large chunks of her sanity. Hatsune is constantly exposed to dismembered corpses, attacked, tortured and almost violated by criminals and forced to confront traumas from her life back in the present day. And it turns out her dashing hero is just as lonely and insecure as she is. Yet she still prefers it to her own time.

    Western Animation 
  • Fry of Futurama states at one point that he's much more comfortable in the future (i.e., the show's present) than he had been in the 20th century. This is displayed several times, particularly the episode with his "girlfriend"; indeed, one of the first things he does on realizing he's in the future is realize that everyone he ever knew is dead, and then cheer — and while he later laments this fact, he quickly gets over it. This was actually a surprise to the creator's; much of the humor planned for the show was going to be Fry failing to fit in with the world of the 31st century, but had to come up with new avenues for jokes since the character would up adjusting far better than planned.
  • Time Squad: The two of the main characters share a fondness for another time; Buck Tuddrussel has a genuine interest for the days of when America was settling the Wild West in the 19th century, and gets teary eyed when able to experience it for himself. Otto is perfectly happy with living a million years into the future, as he had no real chance of a good life of his own in the 21st century. But even though he has a well rounded knowledge on history, he shows a very passionate interest in Colonial/Revolutionary War era America, with some of his heroes being George Washington and Benjamin Franklin.
  • Used twice with Jebidiah Townhouse in Regular Show, who was born during the early 1800's and always acted like he was in the 1980's the locals disapproved of this, so he decided to travel 200 years into the future, where his style is considered as old.

Examples Without Time Travel

    Anime and Manga 
  • The motivation of Samurai Champloo's Big Bad, Kariya Kagetoki. Feeling that he was "born into the wrong era", he decided rather than try to live by the strength of his own sword, which he views as a futile though noble effort, he would simply use the corrupt lords to his own ends. While he extends this motivation to Jin as well in a Not So Different moment, Jin gets over it by finding people for whom he is willing to put his life in line. Best demonstrated in the following exchange:
    Kariya Kagetoki: Why are you here? Are you trying to throw away the life that you so narrowly managed to keep? As I recall, you once said there aren't any lords worth risking your life for.
    Jin: That's right. For my entire life, I have chosen to fight for no one but myself. My dedication...and my study for the sword were for no one but myself...Until now. I swear I always get stuck with it.
  • Shishio Makoto and the Juppongatana in Rurouni Kenshin aren't too happy about the upcoming peaceful Meiji era, because it doesn't present them many opportunities for conquering Japan and rebuilding it as the nation where strength is the only thing that matters.
  • Raoh and Toki from Fist of the North Star were both powerful practitioners of Hokuto Shinken, and would probably have become famous heroes of the style had they not had the misfortune of being born in the same generation, and also sharing said generation with Kenshiro. Kenshiro went on to become the successor and the two brothers were forced into different roles, which ended with Raoh and Toki dead alongside many other who fell afoul of Raoh's ambitions.
  • Misawa of Yu-Gi-Oh! GX is a Badass Bookworm who gradually gets treated with less and less respect (by the characters and writers alike) as the series progresses—he's a highly intelligent and analytical duelist who ultimately comes up with a highly analytical and hypothetically effective control deck, but the show and the main characters use impractical combo decks and rely on New Powers as the Plot Demands to give them the cards they need under any circumstance. Contrast the next series Yu-Gi-Oh! 5Ds, where every main character is some sort of genius that relies on careful strategy and setting up plays turns in advance. He'd have fit right in.
  • A Serial Killer in Franken Fran was noted as having attributes (intelligence, physical perfection, total lack of conscience) that would have made him a great king in the ancient world: they show a picture of him slouching on top of a mountain of naked women.
  • Yami from Kenichi: The Mightiest Disciple. They are bored with the peaceful times without war, as they believe their martial arts are rusting from it. So they decide to cause World War III.
  • Exaggerated with Furuya in Seitokai Yakuindomo, who, being Shino's predecessor, is at most two years older than her. Yet she uses Japanese slang from The Eighties unironically and is so bad with technology that she uses a pocket abacus instead of a calculator.
  • Saeko Busujima exhibits qualities of this in High School Of The Dead. She's the Heir to the Dojo and a Yamato Nadeshiko of the dangerous variety with a thirst for blood and violence. In the 21st century a warrior of her caliber is an anachronism; she'd be much more at home on the battlefields of the Tokugawa era.

    Comic Books 
  • Sociopathic Hero Marv from Sin City is described as such by Dwight in one story, and provides the Trope Namer.
  • The Marvel Universe villain Turner D. Century, who preferred the U.S. of the year 1900.
  • Practically all the heroes of Preacher wish they were living in a wild west film.
  • Superman: General Zod is disgusted that Krypton stopped being a Proud Warrior Race.
  • The characters in the Manga Shakespeare series. The series uses the original dialogue, so we have modern or even future characters speaking in Olde English.
  • A constant implication about Cacofonix in Goscinny's run writing Astérix. Several scenes, interactions, aesthetic suggestions and lines suggest that Cacofonix may not be a truly Dreadful Musician at all, but The Rock Star, tragically living over 2000 years before anyone can appreciate his musical style or any musical instruments were made to exploit it. This is especially sad at the end of The Soothsayer, where he is told that voices like his would be popular in the future (by a phony, but soothsayers denounced as phony by the narrator earlier in the story make photographic predictions of the modern world), and later daydreams of himself on a modern stage performing to an adoring audience. This Alternate Character Interpretation is mostly put to rest by Uderzo's stories, which make it unambiguous that he is just awful, depending on how canon you find it.
  • Charlene, the cowgirl in the Marvel Transformers comic, yearns for the Old West.
  • Viz has several characters like this. Victorian Dad seemingly believes he is in the Victorian period and his strict ways cause a lot of embarrassment to his children. Major Misunderstanding is a conservative war veteran who wishes for the good old days — but is evidently senile, frequently mistaking something for something else which he then criticises for being too politically correct. Jack Black And His Dog Silver is similar to 1960s adventure comics, but the time period changes depending on the appearance — the only real constant are the 3 lead characters and their conservative nature.
  • Grandma Duck in Carl Barks' Donald Duck stories, who still uses late 19th century technology on her farm.

  • In Kill Bill, Beatrix Kiddo, Oh-ren Ishii, Bill and several others are old-school martial arts killers.
  • The main character of the independent film Man Of The Century talks and acts like a newsman from a 1930s screwball comedy, despite living in a decidedly less-wacky mid-90s New York. Interestingly, he has no hangups about it, and simply lives his life in his own peculiar way, seemingly without even realizing the strangeness of it. (It does mean he sometimes has trouble interacting with people, but he pulls through without complaint, usually.) In fact, he seems to be a happier, more fulfilled person than most of the other characters. The "mother" character seems to date back all the way to the 1850s.
  • General George Patton, in the movie Patton is described several times by other characters as having been Born in the Wrong Century. As there really was a General Patton, on whose life the movie was based, this is an example of Truth in Television.
  • In the movie version of From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler, Claudia decides she wants an old-fashioned four-poster bed for her birthday, and her older brother mocks her: "You don't want the bed. You want to actually live in the sixteenth century."
  • In Quigley Down Under the villain, an Australian cattle baron with a fascination for The Wild West, says, "Some men are born in the wrong century. I think I was born on the wrong continent."
  • Both the protagonist and many antagonists from Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai lament the relative timidity of their 20th century lives compared to the death-centric past their cultural predecessors lived decades and even centuries before.
  • The entire point of The Brady Bunch movie. The family lives like it's the '70s when it's actually the '90s.
  • Tim Lockwood in Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs has no idea how to use a computer.
  • Inverted in 21 Jump Street. Jonah Hill's character laments that he'd be considered cool for his geekiness rather than just geeky in High School, if he'd been born ten years later.
  • In Bronco Billy, Clint Eastwood's character, Billy, is the star of a traveling wild west show. However, he, and the rest of his group, seem stuck in this mentality that it is still the days of the wild west. Or at least that one can live as if it still was...
  • In Kamikaze Girls, the main character insists that she should have been born in 18th Century Versailles, and to compensate lives as a "lifestyle lolita", practicing embroidery and eating only sweet food. However, in a twist of this trope as it normally applies to lolitas, it's made clear she doesn't romanticize the innocence of the era, but the hedonism — and thus she is willing to connive and sell counterfeit merchandise in order to buy her frilly dresses, seeing this as part of Rococo France as well.
  • In Sergio Leone's westerns the main characters are usually tough guys who are used to the Wild West of the earlier days, but don't feel at ease in the more modern age.
  • Similar to Leone's example, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were Born In The Beginning Of The Wrong Century: The Central Theme is seeing those two Lovable Rogues' pathetic attempts to cope with the Twilight of the Old West. If they would have been born just fifteen years earlier, they would have been The Aces between the Outlaws. If they would have born just fifteen years later, they would have been the Neighbourhood Friendly Gangsters. Everyone loves them but know that Their Days Are Numbered Even when they move to Bolivia they still are doomed.
  • One of the defining elements of Maestro Villard in By The Sword. Villard is the owner and master of a fencing school which was founded by his father, a famous fencing champion who nonetheless died in a duel with a student he found out was having an affair with his wife. Villard thus sees his father as something of a highly touted failure, since the father spent decades training his skills only to be killed the first time he was in a duel that actually mattered, and the younger Villard is desperate to know if his own skills and ruthless Combat Pragmatist philosophy are any better or if he's just been wasting his life trying to master swordsmanship. As a result he eagerly yearns for the days when he might have fought another master at rapier's point. Eventually Villard learns that the truth about his father's duel is a little more complicated than he believed and has a chance to engage in a real sword fight, which seems to cure his longing to live in an earlier age.

  • Momoko from the novel (and movie) Kamikaze Girls wishes she'd been born as a European aristocrat in the 18th century Rococo era.
  • David Levin in Everworld doesn't get to travel in time, but he does get to go to another world where all the old pagan deities went after people stopped worshipping them. Which is close... sort of.
  • The sentiment "to be born too late" is mocked in the satirical ballad "Miniver Cheevy" (1910) by Edward Arlington Robinson.
    • The poem spawned at least one parody, "Miniver Cheevy, Jr.", whose title character pines for a different era.
  • In S. E. Hinton's Rumble Fish, it is said that the Motorcycle Boy would have been better suited being a knight in the middle ages.
  • Many of HP Lovecraft's characters (largely because Lovecraft himself seems to have felt that way — see below).
  • The protagonist of Robert E. Howard's sword-and-planet tale Almuric is portrayed this way, more at home in a world not unlike the ones that Howard's Barbarian Heroes roamed than the world he was born in:
    Many men are born outside their century; Esau Cairn was born outside his epoch. Neither a moron nor a low-class primitive, possessing a mind well above the average, he was, nevertheless, distinctly out of place in the modern age. I never knew a man of intelligence so little fitted for adjustment in a machine-made civilization.
  • Ignatius J. Reilly from A Confederacy of Dunces also yearns for the medieval years, but is far more opinionated about it.
  • Mr Prosser, the council employee in charge of demolishing Arthur Dent's house in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, is a direct male-line descendant of Genghis Khan. He doesn't know this, but has urges to move to a quiet cottage with axes over the door, and occasionally gets visions of lots of hairy horsemen shouting at him. He also wears a little fur hat.
    • Since that was written we have discovered that direct male line descendants of Genghis Khan are actually quite common.
  • Joe Mack, of Louis L Amour's Last of the Breed, is a college-educated Native American Air Force Pilot who deep down wants to go back to the days of bows and arrows, and surviving off of the land. Getting dropped in Siberia during the Cold War was a bit of a blessing for him and partway through the book, he realizes that he's never going to be able to enjoy civilization again, and considers staying in Siberia forever.
  • Don Quixote wants to live in The Theme Park Version of the past, in the world of Medieval romances, filled with knights errant, loyal squires, good and bad wizards, fierce giants, fabulous monsters, imaginary kingdoms, epic battles, lovesick princesses, funny dwarfs, squires made counts and a lot of outrageous adventures. At one point, Don Quixote, an impoverished Hidalgo like his author Cervantes, deplores the time of the gunpowder and the artillery, two technological advances that means the end of the cavalry and the initiation of new strategies and organizational forms in the armies, as well as a redefinition of the role of nobility in a society where individual courage and skill are useless, and the organization of nameless masses of soldiers (infantry) becomes important. So Cervantes is saying that for him, and for all the nobility (rich or poor), they were born in the wrong century, and they must renovate or die. And then, four centuries later (the first part was published in 1605), we see the nobility reduced to a mere showcase of frivolous magazines.
  • A meta-example: Many readers (including C. S. Lewis) think the heroine of Jane Austen's rather depressing, sombre Mansfield Park (1814) would fit in better in the Darker and Edgier world of the Bronte sisters' novels in the 1840s.
  • Anne Shirley in Anne of Green Gables complains that modern day Avonlea (the 1800s) simply is not romantic enough to suit her. She pines for the medieval days.
  • Not quite the wrong century, but Henry Harrison, the title character of The Extra Man, would have fit in much better in the '20s than The Eighties.
  • Villainous example in John C. Wright's War of the Dreaming: Wentworth, a Corrupt Government Official hates his superiors, his job, his country, and wants nothing more than to be an (honored, trusted) courtier—and is willing to resurrect the God of Evil to get it.
  • Guy Crouchback in Sword of Honour by Evelyn Waugh. Crouchback always tries to be a Knight in Shining Armor — during World War II. Funny thing is, he actually is a rather effective soldier. But he always seems out of place.
  • This is how G. K. Chesterton characterised the historical John of Austria, "the last knight of Europe", in his epic poem Lepanto.
    The last and lingering troubadour to whom the bird has sung,
    That once went singing southward when all the world was young.
  • Asimov's The Caves of Steel features an organization of "medievalists" who detest their living conditions of overpopulated Earth (entire cities made into gigantic Domed Hometowns) and yearn to return to living in outdoor cities and villages. Like all other inhabitants of the giant metropolises, however, they are all instinctively agoraphobic.
  • A zig-zagged version in The Full Matilda by David Haynes. The titular Matilda basically lives the lifestyle of The Edwardian Era / early 1920s rich women. Even though she was born when that lifestyle would be possible, by the time she was a preteen that life was dying out (due to The Great Depression, people could not afford to have that lifestyle). Also, even if she could afford it, being black there was no way she would get to live that life during the time it was popular.
  • The scouts and guides of Time Scout don't necessarily hate the present, but they love the past. Skeeter Jackson, with his special history, counts two different ways as being actually born in the wrong century.
  • A rather sad example is Miles from "The Alloy of Law" If he had been born three hundred years ago he likely would have been one of the greatest heroes in the world, but in his time period things don't turn out so well for him. This is remarked on in story.
  • Tauran Union General Janier, in the Carrera's Legions series, believes himself to have been born centuries late, and that he really belonged in the 19th century serving with Napoleon. He even goes as far as to have a custom recreation of the uniform of a Marshal in Napoleon's army that he often wears.
  • In the Discworld novels:
    • In The Fifth Elephant, newly appointed Low King Rhys Rhysson describes his primary political opponent as this, claiming he would have made a fine king two hundred years ago. Mind you, as a dwarf, said opponent was probably alive two hundred years ago, but probably not eligible for kingship at the time.
    • In The Truth, William de Worde notes that although Sacharissa is not especially attractive by modern standards, each of her features were considered the height of beauty in one time period or another, so from a sort of pan-historical perspective, she's one of the most beautiful women in the world.
    • In Maskerade, Agnes Nitt is said to have been born too late. While nowadays looks and a lack of good sense matter more in opera than actual talent, 20 years ago actual singing mattered more and all the greats shared her girth (if names like 'Expando' and 'Gigli' are anything to go on).
  • Miles Hundredlives in The Mistborn Adventures seeks to overthrow what he believes to be an oppressive and evil government. Protagonist Waxillium Ladrian at one point muses that if Miles had been born a few centuries earlier, when the world really was ruled by an evil tyranny, he would have been a hero. Now, he is only a petty crook and mass murderer.
  • Jules Verne's character Robur the Conqueror evokes this trope at the end of the novel of the same name.

    Live Action TV 
  • Rimmer from Red Dwarf longs for the glory of colonial days, seeing himself (incorrectly) as a brilliant tactician who could have put Napoleon to shame, and thus wasted as a vending machine technician.
  • Life On Mars had "Man Out of Time", a man who had chivalrous ideals, but ended up believing that the best way to fit would be to be the villain.
  • In The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr., Brisco is in a Western, but has modern day mannerisms and verbal expressions; his friends and enemies tend to look at him funny.
    • Ironically, his arch-enemy William Bly actually is a time traveler from the future, who returned to the past and lived as an outlaw to find the all-powerful Orb.
  • Richie from Bottom believes this. However...
  • The episode 'Wanted' in Without a Trace had a man as one of the suspects who actively lived like it was the the 40's. Dressing, speaking, and furnishing his home like that time period. Even reading archived newspapers from the library rather than new ones
  • From the Goth Talk sketches on Saturday Night Live: "Azrael Abyss, the Prince of Sorrow" had the plaintive, high pitched cry, "I wish I had been born in the fifteenth century!"
  • From Family Ties:
    Alex: I would've been more at home in The Fifties.
    Stephen: I think you would've been too conservative even for then.
    Alex: The Seventeen-Fifties.
    Stephen: I think you still would've been too conservative.
  • In the Whodunit episode of Lizzie McGuire:
    Veruca: I just love these costumes. They're so dramatic! Do you ever wish you were born in a different century?
    Tudgeman: I always thought I should have lived in the Third Age in Middle Earth.
  • Haley in One Tree Hill expresses to Skills in the season 4 episode "Pictures of You" that she feels that she was born in the wrong time, and she wishes that her son will have a greater feeling of belonging.
  • Tom Paris of Star Trek: Voyager is a real 20th century aficionado. Since this is the Star Trek universe, this knowledge proves useful time and time again, whether it's actually time travel or just a holodeck misadventure.
    • And Janeway is a big fan of her last century; she says about Kirk and co.:
      Janeway: It was a very different time, Mister Kim. Captain Sulu, Captain Kirk, Doctor McCoy. They all belonged to a different breed of Starfleet officers. Imagine the era they lived in: the Alpha quadrant still largely unexplored... Humanity on verge of war with Klingons, Romulans hiding behind every nebula. Even the technology we take for granted was still in its early stages: no plasma weapons, no multi-phasic shields... Their ships were half as fast.
      Kim: No replicators. No holodecks. You know, ever since I took Starfleet history at the Academy, I've always wondered what it would be like to live in those days.
      Janeway: Space must have seemed a whole lot bigger back then. It's not surprising they had to bend the rules a little. They were a little slower to invoke the Prime Directive, and a little quicker to pull their phasers. Of course, the whole bunch of them would be booted out of Starfleet today. But I have to admit: I would have loved to ride shotgun at least once with a group of officers like that.
      • Interestingly, all of these comparisons were bases for complaints from fans.
  • In Deep Space Nine Julian Bashir likes to pretend to be a certain Cold War Spy. Jadzia of course really was born in that century and still longs for it sometimes.
  • NCIS: Gibbs is clearly not at ease with contemporary technology. Cellulars? USB ports? If they fall into his hands, you may never see them again.
  • Bones: Max Brennan is described as better suited to be an ancient king or a warlord than a science teacher, especially after he found the guys who destroyed his family and burned them to death. Max himself is quite comfortable in the present; the present, however, is incredibly wary of him.
  • In Wizards of Waverly Place the otherwise reasonable authority figure Mr Larritate would much rather be in the Wild West than be the principal of Tribeca Prep. A spell to make everything like it was in the old west (passed off as a dream of course) proves that he would have been an excellent sheriff.
  • Peter Mannion in The Thick of It is essentially an old-school Tory who's career has lasted long enough to see him almost, but not quite, completely left behind by the media savvy, image-conscious, management-speak-bullshit infused nonsense his party has evolved into. He's clung on just enough to not quite be entirely irrelevant, but he also makes no secret about the fact that he hates almost everything and everyone about the party he's a member of.
  • Sherlock: John Watson is described to be an adrenaline junkie, and it's implied he'd do a whole lot better in a dangerous situation than a normal plain one. Also, do to the fact he's loyal to Sherlock and was a solider plus the fact he took the doctor's oath he could be a Knight in Shining Armor, or, do to his capability to solve mysteries BY HIMSELF, and all, if you consider the fact HE IS, well, you know...the Trope Namer guessed it The Watson he could fit in the Arthur Conan Doyle century (though we'd HAVE to include Sherlock, Mycroft, Mary, etc.) as well.

  • Unsurprisingly, given that it's by Ronnie James Dio, the Black Sabbath song "Falling Off the Edge of the World" seems to be about this:
    I'm living well out of my time
    I feel like I'm losing my mind
    I should be at the table round
    a servant of the crown
    the keeper of the sign
    to sparkle and to shine...
  • "Born Too Late" by Saint Vitus.
  • Sandi Thom's "I Wish I Was a Punk Rocker (With Flowers in My Hair)". She pretty much wishes she was born a few decades earlier so she could have been a hippie and a punk rocker. Or both.
  • While his voice was quite suitable for what he did, Pissy (best known as a member of Intestinal Disgorge) also showed at points that he was quite fit to sing Hair Metal or Disco.
    • The Howling Void, said band's frontman, occasionally displays his interest in Elizabethan-era writing. Prior to the release of "Dripping in Quiet Places," he began quoting passages from The 120 Days of Sodom on the band's Facebook page.
  • Jimmy Buffett's "A Pirate Looks At 40"
    Yes I am a pirate, two hundred years too late
    The cannons don't thunder, there's nothin' to plunder
    I'm an over-forty victim of fate
    Arriving too late, arriving too late

    Newspaper Comics 
  • Maakies author (or at least a stand-in for him) Tony Millionaire wishes he'd been born in the past. He perks up at what sounds like a horse-drawn carriage, but it's only a dominatrix taking her be-hooved gimp for a walk.
  • Due to his dad's technophobia, Calvin remarked (in the 20th century) that he's "a 21st century kid in a 19th century family".

  • Sketch comedy show Son of Cliché used a wrong century gag about Margaret Thatcher.
    Mrs Thatcher was elected on the strength of promises to take Britain back to the Fifties. It weasn't until she reintroduced the Black Death, feudalism, and burning at the stake, that people realised she actually meant the 1450's.

  • From William Shakespeare we get Prince Hamlet, who famously said "the time is out of joint, o cursed spite, that ever I was born to set it right," which roughly translates to the trope name.
  • Gilbert and Sullivan's The Mikado has the song "As someday it may happen" a.k.a. "I've got a little list" which mocks this: one of the types of people on the list is "the idiot who praises, with enthusiastic tone, All centuries but this, and every country but his own..."

    Video Games 
  • Charles, from the game Space Colony, has the mannerisms, vocabulary, style, etc. of an officer in the British Royal Navy circa World War I. Yet he was actually born sometime in the 22nd century and currently lives on an experimental space colony. While he's a consummate gentleman and a skilled worker, his employers and fellow colonists are extremely perplexed by his personality.
  • According to the opening cinematic of Brütal Legend, our hero Eddie Riggs apparently feels like this as he sadly watches the "nu-metal" band he's working with performing.
    Eddie: Ever feel like you've been born in the wrong time, like you should have been born earlier? When the music was... Real?
    Roadie: ...Like, the seventies?
    Eddie: Earlier... Like, the early seventies.
  • Air Force Delta Strike has an old guy from world war 2, Jamie Jones, who brushes aside the age of jet engines entirely despite the fact they technically were invented then. To the point he takes flight with your unit...using such planes as a P51 Mustang or IL-2 Sturmovik in dogfights! Against modern aircraft, and even futuristic experimental craft! Amazingly enough, the AI Jamie will occasionally score kills since rockets deal the most damage, usually a one-shot kill for low-armoured planes. Probably more than you will in his place since he seems to have a mobility boost.
  • Thanks to Anachronism Stew, Professor Layton can fall prey to this. Layton himself is surrounded by advanced technology, a seemingly modern-day London, rock music, and other combinations of technological shenanigans, but he and his apprentice Luke look like they belong in the early 1900s, especially since Layton wears a top hat. Mask of Miracle only increases the confusion, because it shows us the young Layton—and he has a Funny Afro.
  • Jean Bison of Sly 2: Band Of Thieves was born in the right century, but after getting frozen in ice in the mid 19th century and thawing out in the late 20th, his obsession with taming the west is no longer welcome. Sly even admits that in his own time period he'd be considered a heroic pioneer.

    Visual Novels 
  • Rin Tohsaka from Fate/stay night. Apparently being a magus means that you won't have any contact with tecnology, since she doesn't even know what a VCR is!
    • Technophobia is trait common to most Association mages in the Nasuverse. The only mages shown to employ technology have been renegades of one kind or another, such as Shirou and Kiritsugu.

  • Patches in Catena, the lovable blonde, remains in the dark that the '80s have ended. She happily flounces around in legwarmers and bangle bracelets, singing hits by Cyndi Lauper and the Bangles. The other characters seem to feel it's in everyone's best interest that they not tell her the truth.
  • Dinosaur Comics give us a term for this, "protonostalgia." Don't you miss being a pirate?
  • In Ghastly's Ghastly Comic Bobby calls Smokey out on stereotyping gay men as effeminate, Broadway-loving drag queens, declaring that "this is the twenty-first century" and they should be past all that. Cue the entrance of his (tentacle monster — it's a long story) boyfriend, swishing and singing show tunes. Embarrassed, Bobby admits that F'ga hasn't realized what century it is yet.
  • In The Thrilling Adventures of Lovelace and Babbage Lovelace discovers a gaping hole in her life when she attempts to Twitter and realises that her head of state is Queen Victoria, and the item she's carrying is actually a fan.
  • Tigerlily Jones in Narbonic is a walking blaxploitation homage despite being a dot-commer who wasn't around in The Seventies at all. At the Institute for the Sane Study of Mad Science, she's held in the "Temporally Confounded" section along with Debbi, who is similarly trapped in The Eighties, and Immogene Frog (who is actually from The Fifties, so has an excuse).

    Western Animation 
  • Captain Fanzone of Transformers Animated frequently reminds us how much he hates machines and is once shown using a rotary cell phone the size of a 1980s "Brick phone", and the show is set at least a fifty years in the future.
    • Considering the sheer amount of shout-outs in the show, this may be inspired by a World War II-era redesign of Soundwave that turned into a rotary-dial cell pone.
  • Hank Hill of King of the Hill. He often laments about how everyone has forgotten the values he once believed in, like modesty, decency, and plain old common sense.
  • The Simpsons:
    • Mr. Burns also falls into this trope. He still uses 19th century technology, customs, expressions, fashions,... and often refers to people and stuff that are no longer around in his own lifetime.
      • Maybe, but then again, he's also an example of Vague Age and lives in a setting with Comic-Book Time, so it's hard to say what century he's actually from.
  • Sev'ral Timez from Gravity Falls, which Dipper calls "The boy band that came a decade too late."
  • The Pirates! In an Adventure with Scientists live like it's the Age Of Sail even though it's the early Victorian Era. Queen Victoria, in the final scene, explains to them that the reason for her hatred of pirates is this - they are a relic of another time.

    Real Life 
  • There is a British girl by the name of Molly Harrad who is allergic to almost all modern-day materials and has to live inside a bubble — doctors say she wouldn't have a problem if she was living in last century.
  • Interestingly there were a number of notable people in the forties that seemed like that. Some of them did quite well in the century they were in so they weren't too much out of place. But they seem to have the air of making a Last Stand or setting themselves up for a Bittersweet Ending . In some cases, they actually were.
  • HP Lovecraft was quite fond of the 18th century — partly for the actual culture of the time and partly because he disapproved of the Revolutionary War — and apparently would sometimes date his letters 200 years before the actual time of writing.
  • Winston Churchill. Funny thing is, he managed to convince Britain to want to be like him. Sort of goes with being a Magnetic Hero. Quotes from teleplay Churchill and the Generals: "He's always the 4th Hussar, charging the guns at a gallop... I wouldn't put it past him to take over the 8th Army himself, on horseback, waving a sword".
  • For a rare future case, FM-2030, transhumanist philosopher. As if his name wasn't a good indicator, he had specifically stated as much: "I am a 21st century person who was accidentally launched in the 20th. I have a deep nostalgia for the future." His goal was to see his hundredth birthday in 2030, a time he believed "was" magical and utopian. One honestly wonders whether he was just seeing The Theme Park Version of things to come...
  • The last 200 years have not been kind to Emperors in general. Asian, Austrian, French, [P]Russian, Brazilian, San Franciscan...
    • An interesting case of the Austrians/Austro-Hungarians is how their Empire was both seen as both backward and progressive for its time. The multinational, multicultural nature of the pre-World War I monarchy would have looked much more in place during the days of feudalism or the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth...just as it would fit very much in 21st Century Europe, where many countries have multicultural immigrant communities.
      • Since the end of the monarchy, the Habsburg family has been in strong support of European peace, The European Union, and European integration. Otto von Habsburg, the heir apparent at the time the Empire fell (his father Charles having taken the throne in 1916), went to Bavaria and pushed the Christian Social Union to endorse Europe; he served as a Member of the European Parliament 1979-1999, where he repeatedly brought up his ancestors' Empire—or rather, his father's reformist vision for it—as a guidepost for integration of the whole continent. His son has done the same in Austria.
    • Now that it's been brought up, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth itself counts: a major powerhouse in Eastern Europe which was an Elective Monarchynote , home to a thriving multicultural, multiethnic societynote  and served as an inspiration for the later Declaration of Independence. In fact, the Poles even take pride in calling themselves the "Republic of Poland" since 1358. Unfortunately, it crumbled both by its own weight and constant struggles with their feudal yet increasingly romantic-nationalist rivals. One could say that Europe at the time wasn't quite ready for the Commonwealth.
  • 19th century emperor Ludwig II of Bavaria, who built a lot of medieval style castles.
  • Nikola Tesla invented the radio, wireless electricity, fluorescent lightbulbs, arc lights, alternating current, and the Tesla Coil — a machine that could shoot lightning. He even had plans for a proto-internet. He also claimed that electrically-powered airships would transport passengers from New York to London in three hours, traveling eight miles above the ground, and imagined that airships might draw their power from the very atmosphere, never needing to stop for refueling. Unfortunately, his rival Thomas Edison did all he could to discredit him. Tesla also had horrible business sense, and so couldn't afford to develop most of his ideas.
  • Leonardo da Vinci was said by many to be at least 500 years ahead of his time. The irony being that if he was, many of the inventions we have today inspired from his works probably wouldn't exist.
  • 16th century painter El Greco, whose art was seen as far too eccentric in his lifetime, was forgotten until art historians rediscovered his work in the 20th century and were amazed how modern it looked.
  • Jules Verne, whose futuristic stories were way ahead of their time.
  • Japanese writer Yukio Mishima pined for the days of Imperial Japan, and actually tried to overthrow the government. When he saw that nobody else listened to his rallying speech, he succumbed to despair and committed Seppuku.
  • Dutch author Godfried Bomans lived in the 20th century, but his interests and writing style showcased a strong love for the 19th century.
  • Anton Pieck, a 20th century Dutch illustrator, was well known for his drawings and paintings of 19th century life. He was very old-fashioned and didn't even own modern technology. Many people assumed he'd already died decades ago, since his art always portrayed scenes taking place in the 19th century.
  • Carl Barks also felt that humanity was its best in the 19th century and went downhill after that. He was born in 1901, by the way.
  • French composer Erik Satie lived near the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, but had a strong emotional connection to the Middle Ages.
  • 20th century Belgian comic strip artist Willy Vandersteen (Suske en Wiske) drew many stories taking place in different romanticized versions of the historical past. The only time period of his own century he considered to be interesting was World War One and even that only happened in one album: De Briesende Bruid for a short scene.
  • American comic strip artist Robert Crumb has a strong emotional connection to the 1920s and 1930s and owns a large collection of music records and other memorablia from this time period. He generally feels that society and culture went downhill after the 1940s. Despite being an icon of the 1960s he despises modern rock 'n' roll and pop music.
  • Children's book author and illustrator Tasha Tudor believed she was supposed to be alive during the 1830s. She owned and used an extensive collection of clothing and artifacts from that time and even went so far as to have her son build her a house from that era (using old-time technology and materials), and said publicly that when she died she was going to reincarnate into the 1830s. She died in 2008 at age 92.
  • British radio presenter and astronomer Patrick Moore had trouble with many aspects of modern life, including rock music, feminism, tolerance for homosexuality and migration,...
  • Adolf Hitler and many prominent Nazis longed for a revival of the glorious Germany from previous centuries. It comes as no surprise that they all enjoyed Richard Wagner, whose operas show a mythological Germany full with strong, admirable heroes.
    • The same can be said about Benito Mussolini and his fascist followers, who tried to recreate the glory of the Ancient Roman Empire.
      • Francisco Franco also longed to revive the days of the old Spanish Empire. So much, in fact, that it was the reason he asked Hitler to grant him territories in North Africa (Morocco and the Western Sahara) and the only things allowed in Spain were Baroque architecture/art in general (because it was born in Spain), Catholicism, Heterosexuality (gay poets like Federico García Lorca were banned) and women had to actually go to school to get a degree as housekeepers. With so much going on, it's no wonder why many people half-jokingly say Spain did not come out of the Middle Ages until after 1975 (Franco's death).
  • Those who knew Nick Drake said he would have been better off in the 1600s or 1700s, evident from the way he dressed and the way his lyrics usually had to do with the seasons. He is said by some to be the reincarnation of John Keats.
  • It has been said of two famous British Army officers, who achieved renown in the latter part of the twentieth century, that they were born in the wrong century. Both Colonel "H" Jones (who won a posthumous VC for suicidal bravery in the Falklands War in 1982) and Colonel Colin Mitchell (who restored British prestige in the Aden War in 1967 after half-hearted political leadership virtually ceded the colony to Soviet-backed rebels) were fated to fight their battles in a time of Imperial decline. It has been said of both that had they been born when the British Empire was in the ascendent, a lot more of the world would have been coloured pink on the map. The social attitudes of both would have been more suited to the high days of Empire in the 19th Century.
    • It has been suspected that "Mad Mitch", as Mitchell was known, was prominent in the rumoured conspiracy to overthrow the Labour government of the 1970s in a military coup d'etat. Establishment disaffection with Britain's slide from superpower status, failing economic power and social liberalisation manifested in hostility to Harold Wilson's government and rumours persist of a plotted overthrowing by force of a democratically elected government. A charismatic soldier turned very-right-wing Tory MP known to be embittered with his political masters would have been a natural member of such a junta.
    • Another 20th century British soldier, this one from World War II, might also be a throwback to an older era—Major Jack Churchill, a commando officer from World War II, often went into combat with a sword and a longbow—and he is the last British soldier known to have killed an enemy with a longbow.
  • Historical re-enactment may or may not count towards this trope.
  • The Taliban planned to turn Afghanistan back to the old Islamic Caliphate.
  • The long-serving Austrian chancellor Klemens von Metternich hated revolutions but had to spend his whole life witnessing The French Revolution and its aftermath. He expressed this exact feeling in one of his letters to Dorothea Lieven : "My life has coincided with a wretched epoch. I came into the world too soon or too late ; today I know I can do nothing. Earlier I should have enjoyed the pleasures of my age ; later I should have helped in reconstruction. Now I spend my life in propping up buildings mouldering in decay. I ought to have been born in 1900 and to have had the twentieth century before me."
  • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn: This author had strong romantic passion to Tsarist Russia, a time period he never experienced personally (he was born in 1919, two years after the Russian Revolution).
  • European monarchs at the start of World War One still thought with the mindset of their ancestors in previous centuries. They imagined themselves as glorious despots to whom the ordinary people still looked up to. None of them realized that their glory days were on their way out.After the war many of them were forced to abdicate, as their countries became republics or dictatorships.
    • A lot of generals during World War One had the same problem. Their strategic ideas were still rooted in previous centuries, when two armies just combatted each other on a field until the last ones surrendered. The war of the trenches, however, simply couldn't be won this way and millions of soldiers were needlessly sacrificed in pointless charges.
    • You can't leave out British Lieutenant Colonel Jack Churchill. He charged the battlefields of WWII Europe armed with a longbow and a Scottish broadsword and carried bagpipes that he played in battle.
  • This was often said of Richard Brautigan both by himself and others. He cultivated an anachronistic look, often playing up his resemblance to Mark Twain. note 
  • At times, Vladimir Putin has been characterized as a Bismarckian nationalist leader who would have been right at home in the nineteenth century, but instead his rule over Russia came in the twenty-first century.
  • Benjamin Franklin: "Furnish’d as all Europe now is with Academies of Science, with nice Instruments and the Spirit of Experiment, the Progress of human Knowledge will be rapid, and Discoveries made of which we have at present no Conception. I begin to be almost sorry I was born so soon, since I cannot have the Happiness of knowing what will be known a hundred years hence."
  • Tom Waits: He started recording in the 1970s and still releases new albums as of this day, but his music is more reminscent of old 1930s, 1940s, 1950s Jazz, Blues, Folk Rock and Country Music than of music of this day. He uses a lot of traditional instruments and his lyrics refer more to topics from that era than late 20th and early 21st century imagery. Interestingly enough, it does make his work more timeless.
  • John Kricfalusi absolutely loves old stuff before 1970: cartoons, comic strips, toys, music, films,... He would probably be more at ease in that era than nowadays, where he basically feels everything modern sucks to a degree. He has also described himself as being "out of touch" with modern pop culture for the most part.