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The original novel:

  • Acceptable Ethnic Targets: The Gypsies are portrayed as thieves in the slums of Paris. At the time of its publications (and indeed, even today), Gypsies were not well-liked by other Europeans. Despite this, their leader Clopin is still ultimately portrayed more positively than France's own king, King Louis XI.
  • Crazy Awesome: Clopin who runs a Parody of the King's Court with fake ministers with phony titles, and constantly has fake injuries. Yet also gets a Dying Moment of Awesome during The Siege.
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  • Die for Our Ship: Frollo/Esmeralda fans of any of the adaptations are eager to kill off Phoebus for the sake of this ship. Then again, even if you don't support this ship, almost every Hunchback of Notre Dame fan would gladly see novel Phoebus die.
  • Jerkass Woobie: Claude Frollo is an educated and enlightened man who grows darker out of his self-inflicted disappointment in himself for not raising his brother Jehan to be as faithful or hardworking as himself and his later uncontrollable lust for Esmeralda, which is based more clearly in his sexual frustration as a priest than in later adaptations.
  • Older Than They Think: Victor Hugo's Self-Adaptation the opera "La Esmeralda" features many things that would appear in later adaptations.
    • Phoebus undergoing Adaptational Heroism originates with that opera. His Death by Adaptation that appears in the 1939 film also originates with the opera but rather than being in the middle it happens at the end where he dies of his wound after Esmeralda has been exonerated. Him being Promoted to Love Interest also originates with the opera.
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    • Esmeralda escaping execution originates with the opera but she does not have time to enjoy it. After Phoebus dies Esmeralda vows to follow him, which of course means she will commit suicide so they can be Together in Death.
    • Clopin undergoing Adaptational Villainy such as in the 1923 film also originates with the opera where he was an accomplice of Frollo's in a second abduction of Esmeralda that never ended up being carried out.
    • Pierre Gringoire, King Louis, Jehan Frollo and a good many others being adapted out also originate with the opera but in the case of Jehan some aspects of his character were incorporated into his brother Claude.
    • Claude Frollo being Spared By Adaptation originates with the opera as he does in the 1923 and 1939 as well, especially odd since in the opera he does not undergo Adaptational Heroism and is basically a Karma Houdini by the end. Quasiomodo too survives to the end but this has more to do with him having been Demoted to Extra in contrast to the adaptations that keep him alive in the end and have him as a major character.
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  • Slow-Paced Beginning: For all its strengths, the book could afford to shave off some of its exposition. There's a chapter that's as long as its own book (thirty pages in total) devoted to explaining the view from Notre Dame, although to be fair it does also provide the reader with some insight into the history of Paris' architecture and the author's opinion on its state in 1831.
  • Values Dissonance:
    • Sexual obsession in a priest? Bad, wrong, dangerous. Sexual obsession of a man in his thirties for a 16-year-old girl? No prob.
    • The depiction of the Gypsies in the book has not aged well. While Esmeralda’s persecution as a witch is portrayed as wrong, near the end of the novel, it's revealed by birth she was French, and was exchanged with Quasimodo (who is actually Romani by birth). The other Gypsies in the novel are portrayed as part of the lower class in the Cour des Miracles (Slums), who survive by begging, and pickpocketing. Clopin, their leader, is depicted as an Anti-Hero, who while possessing a heroic side, is hostile towards the Middle class, and threatens to hang Gringoire for trespassing in the Cour des Miracles. At several points, they are referred to as the "Egyptians."
  • Values Resonance: In a deeply metaphorical way, when Victor Hugo wrote Frollo's speech on how the printing press would destroy the church (ceci tuera cela) he was using hyperbole to make a point. Obviously the church itself was not literally destroyed. His point was that by allowing people to take the printed scripture into their home the physical church was going to suffer from it. The very base concept is that something which helped propel the religion into more homes could also chip away the relevance of one of its previously important facets. Frollo's position as a priest adds to this because if less people attend the physical church there is less money and incentive to maintain the physical church's structure. note  Fast forward to the earlier days of the internet you would have found people following on Frollo's coat tail with wondering could it do the same to the printed book or at least do some damage to elements contained in them? One one hand thanks to the internet it's a lot easier for us to get our eyes on the text of a work like "Hunchback" but with so many other distractions and options a lot of people would agree reading stories from the past is one of those facets of the printed book that has less prominence as before the internet. Exactly how many tropers are on this very page for the Disney film and have never read this story to know what this example is even about?

The Disney film:

  • Alternate Aesop Interpretation:
    • You don't need romance in your life to be happy.
    • Also you can't force someone to love you and no one is "owed" a lover just because they're a good person. That person's choice of who they end up with is theirs and theirs alone.
    • Whatever people are like as individual, crowds are fickle, and can turn the entire group towards or against something once a single person says or does something sufficiently attention-getting, whether it's a thrown tomato or a Rousing Speech.
  • Alternative Character Interpretation:
    • Judge Claude Frollo. Do we see flashes of guilt and torment in him that make him more sympathetic? Did he really feel nothing for killing Quasimodo's mother or did he take seriously the Archdeacon's plea to adopt Quasimodo out of guilt and a genuine fear of God? Do we see signs of him suffering and desiring to become a better person in his villain song, or is it more important that the experience makes him act even more evil than before? Part of this alternate interpretation is due to his Adaptational Villainy, since he was a conflicted character in the original source material.
    • Clopin—he seems very happy and nice, but he does call Quasi the ugliest person in Paris in a way that even the context can't completely excuse, doesn't let him hide in the "Feast Of Fools" sequence, apparently bugs out the second everything goes pear-shaped (as Frollo would likely want to arrest him for the confusion), and then expresses complete delight in hanging Quasi and Phoebus. Without giving them the chance to defend themselves in any way. He's also protecting his home, friends, and family from the most monstrous person in the country by silencing what he believes to be the man's most loyal subordinates... In fairness to Clopin, the only time he vanishes is during the "Feast of Fools" when the crowd turns on Quasimodo, but when the fighting outside Notre Dame happens he's shown jumping into the fray with the other gypsies. He's their leader, so getting himself arrested at the Feast of Fools would have been bad for the Gypsies.
    • The Archdeacon doesn't even acknowledge Quasimodo's existence after the opening scene, despite them both living in the same building. So, that raises the question: is he really the benevolent arbiter of justice in Notre Dame, or a callous hypocrite, willfully blind to Frollo's abuse of Quasimodo? Or is he too scared of Frollo to do anything about it?
    • Are all of Frollo's soldiers — aside from Phoebus — jerks who follow any of Frollo's orders just for an excuse to abuse their authority, or are they for the most part just Loyal to the Position? When Frollo gives the Brutish Guard the order to seize the cathedral, do the three background Elite Mooks become tense in preparation of carrying out the order, or is it a silent gesture of disapproval?
  • Anvilicious: The film repeatedly points out Frollo's hypocrisy, in case you missed it. A few examples below.
    • From Clopin:
    Clopin: Judge Claude Frollo longed to purge the world of vice and sin / And he saw corruption everywhere except within.
    • From Esmeralda:
    Esmeralda: You mistreat this poor boy the same way you mistreat my people. You speak of justice, yet you are cruel to those most in need of your help!
    • From Quasimodo:
    Quasimodo: All my life, you've told me the world is a dark, cruel place. But now I see that the only thing dark and cruel about it is people like you.
    • The Bette Midler version of God Help The Outcasts has harsher lyrics than the movie version, taking the religious hypocrisy message even further as the singer accuses God of favouring certain people that discriminate against those down on their luck and being responsible for making the outcasts in the first place.
    • At the beginning of the film, Clopin asks the viewer a "riddle" regarding Quasimodo and Frollo: "Who is the monster, and who is the man?" This comes directly after Frollo murders an innocent woman and attempts to drown her baby. Hmm, just who could the monster be?
  • Award Snub: None of the songs received Oscar nominations. Among all the movies Alan Menken composed for the Disney Animated Canon during the 1990s, this is the only one that happened to.
  • Base-Breaking Character: Scrappy they may be, but the gargoyles do contribute a lot of genuinely Funny Moments. Which side of the Broken Base a fans falls into often depends on the age of that fan. With people who were teens or adults when the film came out hating them and people who were children loving them. Then there are those who don't think they're unequivocally awful, but don't like them much either. And then there are those that think they're cute and funny characters, but they're completely misplaced in this movie and would fit better in either Aladdin or Hercules. Base truly broken.
  • Broken Base: Quasimodo not winning Esmeralda's love in the end is a major point of contention, as it's one of the few times Disney subverted the true love ending between the leading man and woman. Either it sends a wrong message about ugly people not deserving true love, or it's a refreshing change of pace for demonstrating Esmeralda's right to choose (Some Anvils Need to Be Dropped explains that argument further).
    • The film itself, particularly when first released. Many viewed it as a wildly-misconceived bastardization of Hugo's novel, to the point that the screenplay received a Razzie nomination. Its reputation has, however, improved since then.
  • Cargo Ship: Hugo thinks Djali is pretty hot. Hugo is a gargoyle, Djali is a goat. But come on, Hugo's part goat!
  • Catharsis Factor: After seeing Frollo persecute and kill Quasimodo's mother (and later having the audacity to rub it in Quasimodo's face just before he's about to kill him), have one of his own former officers tortured and launch his purge of the Gypsies in Paris, seeing him fall into a molten mass was pretty fulfilling.
  • Complete Monster: Judge Claude Frollo, the Minister of Justice, is a deeply prejudiced and hypocritical official who seeks to totally exterminate the gypsies scattered around Paris. Frollo introduces himself by murdering a fleeing mother and nearly drowning her infant child for the crime of being deformed. With the archdeacon's intervention instilling the fear of divine retribution in him, Frollo dubbed the child Quasimodo and raised him in isolation under emotional abuse. Deeply enraptured with the gypsy Esmeralda, Frollo resolves to make Esmeralda his or watch her burn, offering "choose me or the fire" when she's tied to the stake. Frollo has gigantic sections of Paris burned in his further attempt to find the gypsies; orders a family torched alive in their own house; and even tries to murder Quasimodo himself in the end after having seemingly murdered Esmeralda, forsaking all piety to reveal the monster he's always been within.
  • Crack Ship: As noted on Tangled's YMMV page, Frollo x Mother Gothel became one when people realized how similar they are.
  • Creepy Awesome: Frollo, according to some people's opinions. Especially in the finale.
  • Critical Dissonance: Despite being moderately well-received (scoring somewhere in the 70s on Rotten Tomatoes), this is the ONLY Disney Animated Canon film to EVER get nominated for a Razzie note  which is ESPECIALLY baffling considering that Disney has released more deserving films. It's considered (by those who remember it, anyway) better than its direct predecessor, Pocahontas (or at least a worthy successor).
  • Crosses the Line Twice: When Frollo is reviewing the alphabet with Quasimodo, this exchange happens. The censors probably let it pass because of Tom Hulce's harmless, innocent delivery of the lines and the happy gesture Quasimodo makes when he gets it right.
    Frollo: D?
    Quasimodo: Damnation.
    Frollo: E?
    Quasimodo: Eternal Damnation!
  • Crossover Ship: It's become somewhat popular to pair Clopin with Harley Quinn from the Batman-franchise (the pairing is even called "JesterBells"). In many cases, they're essentially the male and female versions of each other (especially now that Harley's being portrayed as more of an anti-heroine by DC Comics), and many people have pointed out that Clopin would treat Harley way better than the Joker treats her.
  • Cry for the Devil: "Hellfire". Behind closed doors, Frollo prays to the Virgin Mary for protection from Esmeralda's "witchcraft", which he convinces himself is driving him to sin through lustful, burning desire. He begs Mary to either burn Esmeralda in Hell or deliver her to him as his love to free him from his sin. He may be a vicious Knight Templar, but he's also very human and very conflicted, two qualities that generate sympathy and may make it at least more understandable.
    Frollo: God have mercy on her... God have mercy on me...
  • Cult Classic: While it isn't as popular as other Disney animated films, it seems to have had grown a following thanks to the Internet, perhaps because of Tony Jay's performance as Frollo.
  • Die for Our Ship: The Phoebus from the movie is much, MUCH nicer than the one from the novel, and he comes to sincerely like Esmeralda. And yet the Quasi/Esmeralda fans still hate him for "stealing her away from the one who DESERVES her better".
  • Draco in Leather Pants: Despite being a Complete Monster, Frollo has a lot of fangirls.
  • Ear Worm: "Beata Maria. Hellfire! Mea Culpa! Be mine or you willllll buuuuuuuuuuurrrrrnn!"
  • Ensemble Dark Horse: A lot of people also seem to have a fondness for Clopin, the All-Knowing Singing Narrator of the film.
    • Djali and Hugo being both male characters that tie the knot has sparked the seeds on interested in the fandom.
    • Esmeralda is one of the most popular Disney heroines alongside Hercules' Meg despite either not being in the Disney Princess franchise, appearing in fandom works often alongside the more popular princesses. It probably helps that she is the first person to defy Frollo's authority and inspires Quasimodo and Phoebus to also take a stand against his tyranny. Aside from being a badass she's also very selfless and kind, praying for the wellbeing of others and being the first person to show concern over for Quasimodo. She also has a very attractive design, which definitely caught the attention of the men in her movie. Ahem.
  • Evil Is Cool: Frollo. Ironically, he was meant to be so despicable that people would despise him with all their hearts. Instead, he became one of the most popular Disney Villains for being one of the most realistic in the canon, having a great Villain Song, and Tony Jay giving a fantastic performance.
  • Evil Is Sexy: Frollo has huge numbers of people who find him attractive.
  • "Funny Aneurysm" Moment: The opening lines of "A Guy Like You" indulge in some Black Comedy as the gargoyles observe the fires from Notre Dame cathedral. The Notre Dame cathedral fire in 2019 can make this moment rather uncomfortable in hindsight.
  • Genius Bonus:
    • Gargoyles were carved for medieval churches for two reasons. The first being to divert water (namely rain) from the church, thus preventing the mortar from getting worn down and the second to protect against evil. Which makes Frollo's death scene even scarier if you understand medieval architecture.
    • The actual, present day Notre Dame has two pillars missing, a damaged gargoyle, and a broken doorknob. Not only does this damage happen in the climax, it's all significant in some way.
    • Also, the background singing in Frollo's scenes throughout the film has several layers of meaning:
      • 'Kyrie Eleison', a refrain which is repeated throughout the film, means 'Lord have Mercy'... appropriate.
      • The chanting when Frollo is chasing Quasimodo's mother through Paris comes from a Gregorian chant called the Dies Irae - Day of Wrath - and includes a phrase that roughly means 'Beware the coming of the judge.' Again, appropriate.
      • And, during "Hellfire", the shadowy figures that torment Frollo in his madness chant 'Mea Culpa' - 'Through my Fault' - something which Frollo constantly denies.
    • Quasimodo's climatic scene (being chained to the pillars of the church, then tearing them down in rebellion) is lifted directly from the story of Samson in the Bible.
  • Germans Love David Hasselhoff: This film is really popular in Germany, having several stage shows based off of it.
  • Harsher in Hindsight:
    • The original ending where Quasimodo is stabbed by Frollo only for Frollo to die later and Quasimodo's wish to ring the bells one last time bears some similarities to the 1997 version, which came out a year later.
    • Frollo's Villain Song "Hellfire" sounds eerily similar to rhetoric used by misogynistic mass shooter Elliot Rodger.
    • Multiple scenes (including "Hellfire" and numerous shots of the cathedral surrounded by fire and smoke, especially in the film's fiery climax) have become even more uncomfortable to watch since the real Notre Dame cathedral caught fire in April 2019.note  Not to mention the Ominous Latin Chanting lines such as ''Dies irae, dies illa, solvet saeclum in favilla," which actually means "The day of wrath, that day, shall consume the world into ashes." On top of this, there's Frollo's Famous Last Words:
      Frollo: And He shall smite the wicked and plunge them into the fiery pit!
  • Hilarious in Hindsight:
    • The fact that the voice actor for Patrick Star voices a guard whom of which has the line "Now THAT's ugly!" Why is this hilarious in hindsight?
    • For that matter, said guard's partner is voiced by Corey Burton, who, years later, would end up voicing Frollo himself. That's quite a promotion!
    • Frollo is well-known for being the most sexual Disney villain. Now, consider that this is the 34th Disney Animated Canon entry...
    • The jester in the Steadfast Tin Soldier number in Fantasia 2000 looks quite a bit like Frollo. And dies like him too!
    • In the stage show, as pointed out by the actors themselves on Twitter. Patrick Page plays Frollo, Quasimodo (Michael Arden)'s father figure. Come the Spring Awakening revival, directed by Michael Arden, Page plays the Adult Man - a composite of multiple characters, one of which is Herr Rilow, Hänschen Rilow's father. Hänschen is played by Andy Mientus, Michael Arden's husband.
    • Frollo's dark, flowing robe and massive sword that can cut through stone gargoyles during the climax can make him look like a sith lord. Jumping to 2012...
    • This animated Disney film was directed by Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise, who previously directed Beauty and the Beast, in which Tony Jay (Frollo) voiced the asylum owner Monsiuer D'Arque. Kevin Kline (Phoebus) would later portray Maurice in the 2017 live-action remake.
    • In the Norwegian dub, Frollo's speaking voice is done by Even Stormoen while Quasimodo's voice is done by Ola Fjellvikås, the voices of Scar and Kovu, respectively.
  • Ho Yay: Djali is referred to as a male. Hugo makes no secret of his attraction to him.
  • Iron Woobie:
    • Quasimodo's life from start through adulthood is one long story of isolation and abuse. Nonetheless, he remains a kind man.
    • Esmeralda counts as well, given all the persecution the gypsies go through, the fact that Frollo is after her specifically, and she still manages to be willing to pray for everybody else in "God Help the Outcasts".
  • Just Here for Godzilla: The 2 most well-known types of fangirls in the fanbase, "Frollophiles" and "Clopinphiles", are often known for watching the movie merely to see Frollo and/or Clopin. Clopin's side often has many fans complaining about how he "doesn't have enough screentime".
  • Love to Hate: Frollo.
    • He is, first of all, realistically scary. He's an example of the many times throughout history that bigotry and persecution has been self-righteously excused as justice.
    • He is voiced by Tony Jay which automatically gives him a badass voice.
    • He is Faux Affably Evil in where he generally appears pretty polite but yet there is a glint of madness and zealotry underneath, and you know it. See the episode with the ants and the torture chamber.
    • Despite spending all its time kicking dogs, his Hidden Depths are hinted at once in the movie: the Villain Song. Is he Necessarily Evil and hates himself for it, does he actually hate himself for lusting towards Esmeralda or is he just a deluded Knight Templar? Is it a real epiphany that throws him more into madness or an Ignored Epiphany? No one knows, so it adds a layer of depth to the character.
    • He shows himself quite competent in his endeavors in general, if evil.
    • And there's the whole Creepy Awesome thing.
    • Has come to a head with the YouTube Poop turned Widget Series The Frollo Show, in which Frollo is slightly toned down into an anti-heroic Unsympathetic Comedy Protagonist.
  • Memetic Molester: Frollo, for good reasons.
  • Memetic Mutation:
    • "Hellfire" is becoming an increasingly popular subject for YouTube Poop.
      • Also, statements to the likes of "most dramatic reaction to a boner ever" or "the boner that burned down Paris."
    • The scene where Frollo attempts to throw baby Quasimodo down the well has also become a popular YouTube Poop source. People commonly edit things like bad movie posters or unpopular celebrities like Justin Bieber over Quasimodo.
    • This screencap of Phoebus, usually attached to posts of a confusing or mind-bending nature.
    • "Witchcraft."
    • Frollo's final line, "And He shall smite the wicked and plunge them into the fiery pit!'', followed by posters adding a nonchalant response from God such as "As you wish", or "That's not a bad idea." Somehow it may soften the creepiness of the scene.
  • Mexicans Love Speedy Gonzales: The movie was a huge hit in France. The filmmakers were especially worried about offending the French people by taking an iconic symbol of French literature and culture and giving it the so-called "Disney Treatment". This is possibly why Disney was shocked later, when Hercules was met with A LOT of hate in Greece.
  • Misaimed Fandom:
    • Frollo was often thought of as cool despite having much less reason to be thought of as such (and much more NOT to) than other Disney villains. Instead of being a muscular macho-man like Gaston or a powerful sorcerer like Jafar, he is a genocidal self-righteous old religious fanatic; an intent to avoid Evil Is Cool is apparent here, yet it apparently did not work either.
    • The movie portrays Esmeralda and Phoebus's romance in a fully positive light, and though Quasimodo is heartbroken and jealous at first, he eventually fully accepts their love and is content as their friend. But you wouldn't know this from the Quasi/Esmeralda shippers either calling Esmeralda a "stupid whore" for choosing Phoebus or depicting Phoebus as anything from a brainless, dullard pretty-boy to an abusive monster just so Esmeralda can dump him and be with Quasimodo (granted, it helps that Phoebus really is an absolute bastard in the original novel).
  • Misaimed Marketing: The original trailers heavily emphasized the comic relief characters and the brighter musical numbers, especially the gargoyles and "Topsy Turvy", without giving even the slightest impression of the incredibly dark, emotional story and characters the film would later stand out for. Funnily enough, the video commercial describes it as "loaded with laughs".
    • The tie-in merch likewise played up the kid friendly elements, and they even made a giant sized doll of the ever lovable Frollo. Unsurprisingly, the toyline for the movie was a big flop in sales—one K-Mart employee recalled how a full year after the films release, there were whole shelves of toys of Quasimodo and Frollo still shelfwarming, even though they had been marked down to clearance price.
  • Mondegreen:
    • There are two regarding the Ominous Latin Chanting in the "Hellfire" sequence. The first lines of the chorus ("Et tibit Pater", translated as "And to you, father...") are often misheard as "It's Harry Potter...". Likewise, the lines "Mea Culpa" (Through my fault) and "Mea maxima Culpa" (Through my most grevious fault) are sometimes misheard as the surprisingly fitting "You're at fault!"
    • The line "Frollo's nose is long and he wears a truss!" is one in-universe, but out of universe its commonly misheard as "Frollo's nose is long and he wears a dress!"
  • Moral Event Horizon:
    • In his very first scene, Frollo does a combo, he arrests a group of gypsies and has them tortured and executed and when a woman escapes he pursues her which ends with him killing her through use of excessive force in order to get what she was holding. When it turns out to be a deformed baby he is willing to simply drown it, a moment that was so bad, Frollo himself feared divine retribution FOR THE FIRST AND ONLY TIME IN HIS LIFE if only because of the Archdeacon's warning. And that's only the start...
    • Among Frollo's minions the Oafish and the Brutish guard stand out as the most equal to their master in cruelty. It appears that they enjoy the freedom that his ruling leaves them to mistreat those that they see fit as they both harass and threaten Esmeralda for being a gypsy and incite the mob to torture Quasimodo For the Evulz. By the time that they gladly burn down the city and immediately attempt to behead Phoebus for saving a family of kids from a fire that their boss started they have clearly chosen to follow him to damnation.
  • Most Wonderful Sound: If talking about the soundtrack, most will at least mention Tom Hulce's singing voice. It's not grand or anything, but it's just so sweet.
  • Narm Charm: The entire ending teeters on this, especially the unprovoked hug by a random kid (who also shows up at Clopin's puppet show...)
  • No Yay: Frollo's obsession with Esmeralda. Yet a portion of the fanbase ships them...
  • Older Than They Think:
    • Quasimodo wearing green, Esmeralda in danger of being burned at the stake as opposed to hanged and everyone except Frollo being Spared by the Adaptation aren't unique to this story - they first appeared in the Animated Adaptation by Burbank Films Australia.
    • Frollo being a judge instead of the Archdeacon of Notre Dame first occurred in the 1939 film, due to the Hays Code prohibiting negative depictions of the church.
  • Padding: "A Guy Like You" seems to be in the movie just to give the gargoyles something to do. It doesn't advance the plot in any meaningful way, and merely retreads Quasimodo's hopes that Esmeralda loves him, which were already covered in "Heaven's Light". It also hurts that the song is a jarring Mood Whiplash and borderline Big-Lipped Alligator Moment.
  • Painful Rhyme: In "A Guy Like You".
    We all have gaped at some Adonis
    But then we crave a meal more nourishing to chew
    And since you're shaped like a croissant is
    No question of, she's gotta love a guy like you!
  • Rescued from the Scrappy Heap: Not fully, mind you, but some people are now more open to Hugo due to his attraction to Djali, making him possibly LGBT.
  • Retroactive Recognition: The Oafish Guard is voiced by Bill Fagerbakke, aka Patrick freaking Star! And Kurt! And Broadway! And he uses the exact same voice for him too!
  • Ron the Death Eater: Esmeralda is often depicted as an ungrateful bitch who rejects Quasimodo due to his ugliness, and stops caring for him. Esmeralda consistently did care for Quasi as a friend... just not as a lover. In fact, she didn't even know that he was in love with her.
  • Rooting for the Empire: One reason Disney made Frollo such a monster was because they saw this happening in previous movies and wanted to create a villain that everyone would hate. It didn't work. Some even have a disturbing habit of justifying his actions.
  • The Scrappy: The gargoyles (unless you're a Jason Alexander fan), mostly due to their contribution of the Lighter and Softer tone of the film and causing Mood Whiplash in most scenes they appear in. Hugo arguably gets the most hate; Laverne somewhat less so owing to her status as the Only Sane Man of the group.
  • Signature Scene: "Hellfire" is the most famous scene in the film but "Out There" is another strong contender as is "God help The Outcasts". Perhaps all of them are dwarfed by the "Sanctuary" scene.
  • Some Anvils Need to Be Dropped:
    • The Anvilicious Aesops aside, the film does raise a very real and still very relevant issue regarding Frollo and his treatment of the gypsies: it shows someone who shouldn't have political power using it to abuse others, especially minorities. Persecution due to racism and their harmful stereotypes is still going on in this day and age.
    • Hiding behind religion and dogma does not automatically make you a good person.
    • No one is obligated to love you, even if you're a good person and really deserve a loving partner. The object of your affections is still a person and it's their right to choose. Basically, it's wrong to feel entitled to romantic love since only the other person can decide if you're right for them.
    • The scene where Quasimodo is publicly tortured shows with brutal honesty that anyone can turn out to be a downright vicious bully, especially to those who are different, even with the slightest provocation.
  • Squick:
    • Frollo grabbing Esmeralda in the church and smelling her hair.
      • During "Hellfire", he rubs one of her scarves against his face.
      • Keeping on the "Hellfire" point: no matter how glorious the song is, it's still Frollo singing about how if Esmeralda doesn't submit to his desire, "she will buuuuuuuuuurn." Once again, how did they manage to get this past the censors?
    • While it's played for laughs, Hugo the Gargoyle's attraction towards Djali the goat is fairly disturbing.
  • So Okay, It's Average: Quite a few people feel this way about the film, especially at the time of its release. It doesn't help that's not too similar to the original novel, frustrating many of its fans.
  • Special Effects Failure: The crowd scenes utilize CGI people. Especially on the Blu-Ray, it's... noticeable.
    • See Frollo's effort to grab the gargoyle as he hangs for dear life, as it constantly changes position between shots.
  • Strawman Has a Point:
    • Even though he is essentially an abusive foster parent, Frollo's grim depiction of the world "out there" actually sounds quite realistic considering the film is set in Medieval Europe which was not known for being kind to those with severe birth defects. Quasimodo does, however, get to witness this first hand, and later says that it's because of people like Frollo that the world is that way.
    • While his beliefs are still bigoted and he remains a crusader/fanatic, the movie proves Frollo more or less right that at least those Gypsies who are associated with the Court of Miracles are dangerous criminals, and arguably even terrorists for attempting to murder the serving captain of the guard. Even had they done nothing bad whatever before, that by itself actually serves to perfectly justify him arresting them, even under modern legal norms.
  • Ugly Cute: Quasimodo, who's Ugly Adorable. Word of God states that he was specifically designed this way (taking inspiration from, among other things, pugs) so it's much easier for the audience to identify and sympathize with him early on. If he's too ugly it takes too long and the moment is lost, and there are even some people who will never empathize with him no matter how good of a person he is if he's too ugly.
  • Values Resonance: As Lindsay Ellis notes, the film has gained more praise in recent years, partly because many of the film's themes feel more relevant in The New '10s than they did in The '90s.
    Lindsay Ellis: I think [Hunchback] would be more appreciated if it came out today, because we need stories like this today. Fasci-y abusive Frollo, justice for the oppressed, the focus on how some men really loathe the objects of their desire, the wholesale demonization of ethnic groups... Maybe this movie wasn't appreciated in its time because it didn't resonate as much in 1996, but it does resonate now in 2017.
  • Viewer Gender Confusion:
    • The gargoyle Laverne has no Tertiary Sexual Characteristics and a voice actress (Mary Wickes) with a husky voice. Although she has a mostly feminine name, it's only mentioned once in the film. Averted in other languages where either her voice is unmistakably female, the language itself has grammar rules that indicates gender (like in Spanish or French) or both.
    • Djali the goat is female in the novel, but male in this movie – which doesn't stop male gargoyle Hugo from flirting with him.
  • Vindicated by History: When it was released, it was a moderate hit with both critics and audiences - the consensus was "Hey, it was better than Pocahontas, but nowhere near as good as The Lion King or Beauty and the Beast". However, in the years since the film's release it's now far more common to see people praising the movie as not only the best movie of the Disney Renaissance, but one of Disney's most ambitious films ever, thanks to its dark storyline and heavy themes of prejudice, social injustice, lust, eternal damnation, and powerful religious imagery. Frollo is frequently brought up as one of Disney's most frightening and memorable villains because of the relative realism of his monstrous beliefs and actions, which only makes them more horrifying.
  • Visual Effects of Awesome: Notre Dame, and the image of Esmeralda dancing Frollo sees in the flames in "Hellfire". It is mentioned in the commentary that the special effects team gave their best in that scene.
  • What Do You Mean, It's for Kids?: Endlessly marketed to kids with cute dolls and toys and such... and then Frollo sings "Hellfire", which is all about his lust for Esmeralda. There is no ambiguity about the nature of his feelings for her. Also, he "accidentally" kills Quasimodo's mother and then tries to outright murder him as an infant, flat out saying he's going to send him to Hell. That happens just minutes into the film. It even got a G rating in North America.

The 1997 film


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