Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) is one of France's most famous writers. In the English-speaking world, he is best known for his novels Les Misérables and The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
Works by Victor Hugo with their own trope pages include:
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame
- The King Amuses Himself
- The Last Day of a Condemned Man
- The Man Who Laughs
- Les Misérables
Other works by Victor Hugo provide examples of:
- Ermine Cape Effect: The play Ruy Blas was criticized for having the Queen in full regalia when she confessed her love to the eponymous character. Since it was a climax, he got away by invoking the Rule of Cool.
- Giant Eye of Doom: In the poem "The Conscience", Cain is followed everywhere by an eye.
- Historical-Domain Character: Lucrezia Borgia, and many others
- Nasty Party: Lucrezia Borgia
- Older Than They Think: His preface to Cromwell (a preface to his early play Cromwell), Hugo, by then 25 years of age, showed himself as an excellent troper. In 53 pages, he described a lot of tropes in literature and theatre to be found his time, and all the way back to Homer.
- Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism: More on the cynical end especially in atmosphere in tone, even if there are kind and sympathetic characters.