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Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) is one of the major figures of French Literature.

He is best known for his epic novels Les Misérables and The Hunchback of Notre Dame, though he was also an accomplished playwright and poet.

His play Le roi s'amuse (The King Amuses Himself) was the basis of the Verdi opera Rigoletto.


Works by Victor Hugo with their own trope pages include:


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Other works by Victor Hugo provide examples of:

  • Ermine Cape Effect: The play Ruy Blas was criticized for having the Queen in full regalia when she confessed her love to the eponymous character. Since it was a climax, he got away by invoking the Rule of Cool.
  • Giant Eye of Doom: In the poem "The Conscience", Cain is followed everywhere by an eye.
  • Historical-Domain Character: Lucrezia Borgia, and many others.
  • invokedIn Memoriam: His 1856 poems anthology The Contemplations is dedicated to his daughter Léopoldine, who drowned at the age of 19.
  • Nasty Party: Lucrezia Borgia.
  • Older Than Radio: In his his preface to Cromwell (a preface to his early play Cromwell), Hugo, by then 25 years of age, showed himself as an excellent troper. In 53 pages, he described a lot of tropes in literature and theatre to be found during his time, and all the way back to Homer.
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  • Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism: More on the cynical end especially in atmosphere in tone, even if there are kind and sympathetic characters.

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