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Useful Notes / Guernsey

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Guernsey, officially the Bailiwick of Guernsey, is a British Crown Dependency in Western Europe formed from the island of Guernsey itself as well as the separate jurisdictions of Alderney and Sark. It is one of The Channel Islands, located just northwest of the French departement of Normandy, with St. Peter Port being the capital and largest city of the territory. The territory is not part of the United Kingdom, although defence and most foreign relations are handled by the British Government.

The name "Guernsey", as well as that of neighbouring "Jersey", is of Old Norse origin. The second element of each word, "-ey", is the Old Norse for "island", while the original root, "guern(s)", is of uncertain origin and meaning, possibly deriving from either a personal name such as Grani or Warinn, or from gron, meaning pine tree. Like Jersey, the territory was a former part of Duchy of Normandy, and remained under English control after Philip II of France took the rest of the Duchy over and Normandy became part of France, eventually being recognized as part of Henry III's territories in the 1259 Treaty of Paris. The island was also taken over by Germany in the 30th of June, 1940 until the 9th of May, 1945, and was very heavily fortified by the Germans, with remnants of the defenses still existing to this day.


Guernsey is known for its cows, which are prized worldwide for their rich creamy milk which is claimed to hold health benefits over milk from other breeds, as well as their distinctively flavoured and rich yellowy-fatted beef and distinctive yellow butter. Guernsey is also a popular offshore finance center for private equity funds because of its light tax and death duties.

The Guernsey flag
This flag was designed by the Guernsey Flag Investigation Committee led by Deputy Bailiff Sir Graham Dorey after confusion between it and England's flag at international sporting events. The gold cross represents William the Bastard, Duke of Normandy, also known as William I of England. William purportedly was given such a cross by Pope Alexander II and flew it on his standard in the Battle of Hastings.


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