What a stereotypical place!
For people who want to edit this trope. Remember the following:
1. We don't claim that all these types of behaviour are exclusively typical of these nationalities, only that they are very commonly either false or exaggerated perceptions of certain countries. Most of the time these images were created by popular books, comic strips, animated cartoons, films or propaganda, and other times promoted by the country in question. We're listing stereotypes here, which means that we list all these recurring caricatural ideas about other nationalities that can be found regularly in any work of fiction.
2. So no racist or discriminatory quotes claiming: "Hey this stereotype is actually true" or aggressive, offended comments like "Hey, my country or people are nothing like that!" Most countries depict their neighbouring countries as if they are all either lazy, evil, dumb, primitive, ugly or arrogant. Nothing new there and it proves that these stereotypical impressions about other countries are universal, rather than tied to one specific country.
3. We can also miss proud, arrogant, patriotic boasting remarks like "Our country is uniquely very good at this or that", which is usually also very narrow-minded nationalism. Behaviour cannot be restricted to an entire race, culture or country of people. Not all Americans are obese gun freaks
, not all Britons are austere tea lovers
, not all Frenchmen are arrogant cowards
, and not all Asians
are martial arts experts
. Each country has claims to have their own specialties, unique drinking culture (beer, wine, tea, coffee,...) and a reputation for being hospitable.
Stereotypes having to do with people of specific nationalities. Some of them are a little bit Truth in Television
(certain others more so), due to having some basis in reality. But remember, nations are not Planets Of Hats
. If anything, the true face of the country in question is often either not as expected or entirely different.
See also Hollywood Atlas
, Funny Foreigner
, and Hollywood Cuisine
, this trope applied to food. For stereotypical names for foreigners, see Stock Foreign Name
Examples of this trope by region:
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- Africa is often depicted as if it's one big country instead of a continent. In fact: there are a lot of examples of fiction even inventing extra African countries. (See Bulungi.)
- The continent itself calls images of Darkest Africa with jungles, savanna, diamond mines, undiscovered civilizations or creatures, elephants, lions, monkeys, gorillas, chimpanzees, baboons, pythons, hippopotamuses, rhinoceroses, leopards, hyenas, ostriches, crocodiles, antelopes, wildebeest, etc. Usually whenever people visit Africa they almost trip over all these omnipresent animals, which they invariably always encounter at a dangerous moment.
- Africa is generally assumed to be an entire continent full of black people. If there are whites they are always Great White Hunter or Mighty Whitey: there are no other options. Apparently all the Coloreds, Indians, Asians, and all the rest of them have vanished overnight.
- In addition, it's a common stereotype that all black Africans essentially look like West Africans, with none of the variety in phenotypes found in Europe or Asia. This stereotype is especially common in the US, because it's assumed that all Africans look like African Americans, who are mostly descended from West Africans. As a result, East and Northeast African phenotypes in particular are extremely rare in depictions of black Africans.
- Out-of-date, racist images of Africa that crop up a lot in old novels particularly, have their roots in colonial times (Ancient Africa). Black Africans are depicted as primitive, childlike, superstitious people who still worship idols, believe in witchcraft and voodoo and live in huts. They defend themselves with spears and shields. White colonists can easily trick them by selling them worthless junk in exchange for valuable items or scare them with modern technology.
- The tribe's wizard is always a manipulative fraud wearing a huge imposing mask covering his true identity. He will usually be scaring his naïve tribesmen into turning against the Mighty Whitey visiting their town. (See Magical Negro.)
- Pygmy tribes are usually small, pathetic little dwarfs who are depicted as if they are actually children.
- Black African tribes are often portrayed as if they are cannibals who put every stranger in a large black cauldron.
- Other stereotypical images are the woman with a lip plate in her mouth or a man with a bone sticking through his nose.
- Stereotypical female black African depictions include the bare-breasted woman with large hanging breasts and enormous buttocks (examples of this stereotype are the 19th century sideshow attraction Saartjie Baartman and Robert Crumb's comic strip character Angelfood Mcspade) or the woman who wears multiple rings around her giraffe-like neck. . Note this type of neck ornament is also common in Burma with women from the Kayan tribe, but is generally associated with Africa.
- If they are not hunting wild animals they'll be eating maniok. Their favorite pastime is playing the djembé while everyone dances and jumps around like crazy.
- More modern stereotypical images of black Africans are the starving little child (very popular in advertising campaigns) and the mother with multiple starving kids with flies swarming all over them, probably in some sort of refugee camp or hospital.
- All Africans speak Pidgin English in popular fiction or talk in sentences like: "Me very afraid, bwana!"
- Africa has a reputation for brutal and often crazy dictators who oppress and massacre their own citizens by the score. They will ususally be kept in power by Western governments to support their own benefits in the countries. Yet, just like the clichés about Latin America, most of these dictatorships are very short-term and one tyrant will quickly be replaced by another. If an African dictator is directly referenced it's usually Idi Amin (Uganda), Bokassa (Central-Afrika) or Mobutu (Congo/Zaïre).
- All African countries are constantly torn apart by tribal warfare between ill-disciplined thugs wielding machetes and AK-47's and committing genocide. This trope is usually thought of as applying specifically to sub-Saharan Africa (except for South Africa).
- Even other black Africans counsel you to have nothing to do with Nigerians as the country is viewed as irredeemably corrupt and criminal. This is probably an exaggeration, although it is true Nigeria is the point of origin of the vast majority of so-called Code 419 email scams (where you might receive, out of the blue, an email from a former finance officer who needs your help in getting several million out of Africa...)
- BBC radio presenter Sarah Kennedy, a woman renowned for being forty years behind the times and a throwback to an earlier England, got into serious trouble for repeating, on air, two stereotypical depictions of Black Africans. She asked, in the run-up to an Olympic Games: "Why are black Africans such good runners? Answer - lions; and why are Black Africans such poor swimmers? Answer: crocodiles."
- Africans of any nationality are conspicuously absent from beat 'em up videogames, especially as this medium is usually presented as some sort of tournament involving fighters from "all over the world". This often leads to cries of ignorance and prejudice in fan-forums. Asian, American and European characters make up the lion's share of characters and in the main beat 'em up series, Street Fighter's Elena, a native of Kenya, is one of the few African fighters depicted. Arguably, this might be explained by Hollywood Atlas. Beat 'em ups rely heavily on exploiting well-known National Stereotypes when presenting characters (especially the pioneering Street Fighter series), and for many people, African culture, iconography and the multitude of nationalities therein all blend into one big melange, which Elena, as a Savannah-dwelling, Masaii-inspired Kenyan covers off nicely. It's far easier to design characters from Japan, China, England and Italy etc, because there are such distinct, iconically familiar, universally recognizable national character/appearance traits that can be referenced and parodied for these countries — put simply, most of the game-buying public could not tell the difference between Kenyan and Tanzanian culture.
- Are known for the first to domesticate the camel, and spread it all round the Middle East and Africa, also being very tall, and very skinny, the Civil War, and the new Diaspora. Also having the most territory in East Africa (the states are kind of divided) Somalis are well known across East Africa, and all of Africa. With that being said, there are many stereotypes about Somalis: one even about them not being even African (Arab immigrants/biracial invaders) by other Africans and also not looking black enough. And be warned that calling any Somali mixed, ever, is a pretty big insult. It's a major point of national pride for Somalis that they've been on the Horn of Africa for thousands of years. And surprisingly given their location on a major trade route (between the Middle East and North Africa on one hand and southern Africa, India, and East Asia on the other), they do show surprisingly little genetic admixture◊, so perhaps there's something to their assertions. Some commonly known stereotypes are:
- Having lots of kids. Four children is a small family for a Somali.
- They are Muslim, and quite fanatical about it.
- And recently ... pirates. Who are sometimes more like coastguards (protecting the seas from Illegal fishing and waste dumping, when they're not kidnapping tourists for ransom). Also being known for their supermodels.
- Somalis in general are seen in Europe as problematic immigrants.
- Due to the twenty year old civil war and the absence of a functioning central government during that time, Somalia is often said to be a real-life example of anarchism. Depending on the writer's political views, this situation will be heavily romanticized or unbelievably grim.
- Apartheid used to be this country's most notorious aspect, see for instance the Spitting Image song I Never Met A Nice South African. Even though this system has been abolished, a lot of international media still portray white upper and middle class South Africans as dyed-in-the-bone racists. They are either "Rooineks" (British white South Africans) or "Afrikaners" (die-hard Nationalists and apartheid supporters). Usually they will wear khaki shirts and live in a big mansion or a hovel, lamenting the good old days when apartheid was still in effect. They bluntly call their servants "boys" and all black people "kaffirs". Middle class apparently doesn't exist, even though in reality South Africa is the most middle-class African country. Also non-existant are South Africans who are not from British or Dutch descent. Despite the fact that there are also a lot of people with Portuguese, Greek, Italian, Jewish and Lebanese ancestry.
- South African TV characters in non-South African programmes are disproportionately white. This has a partial justification because of apartheid — whites are more likely to be able to afford to leave the country. Still, said justification is getting pretty dated by now, given the size of the non-white middle class these days (a recent news story claimed that more black than white folks were emigrating, make of that what you will). White South Africans will always be racist; also, stinking rich.
- South Africans will always speak Afrikaans or speak mangled English where they swallow certain syllables, over-emphasise the rolled "r", or flatten vowel sounds. It's always important to drop the word "wildebeest" at one point.
- Congo is a war-torn country where all sorts of atrocities happen everyday.
- Sudan is only known in the West for genocide and arresting people who give teddy bears Muslim names.
- It is now divided by the Muslim Sudan and the Christian South Sudan.
- Ethiopia's pretty much only known in the West now for its horrific famines, thanks to that particularly brutal one it suffered through in the 1970s and '80s that led to Live Aid, Band Aid, "Do They Know It's Christmas?", etc. Otherwise it's lumped in with the rest of sub-Saharan Africa in terms of being thought of as a heavily pagan, juju spirit-believing culture, although Orthodox Christianity was introduced in the 4th century, Judaism even earlier, and there is a decently large Muslim population.
- Nigerians/West Africans in general, are known across Africa as Internet scammers, and also being involved in Black Magic or Voodoo., and are not to be messed with.
- Kenyans are known for being exceptionally fast runners and for the massive abundance of stereotypical African wildlife (Lions, Elephants, and Giraffes, oh my!) that live in the Masai Mara, a nature reserve that crosses the border between Kenya and Tanzania, where it is known as the Serengeti. Oh and, speaking of Masai, every Kenyan who isn't dressed for a marathon at the moment, is dressed in red cloth and carries a spear.
- Sierra Leone is in a constant state of civil war for control over the diamond mines, with rebels hacking peoples limbs off.
- The sun always shines. Calypso, mento, reggae, dancehall, soca,rhumba and steelband are constantly being played. There's free fruit everywhere. Everyone is drunk and/or high, and may have a pet parrot. Nobody does any work, they just sit on the beach sipping fruity little drinks or coconut milk. At night, the careless or unlucky might see a voodoo ceremony, especially if they are in Haiti (see Pat Robertson after the earthquake there). The only serious activities are theft, drug trafficking and even worse crimes. Expect everyone to have a Jamaican accent, regardless of where they are. Also, the only countries that seem to exist there are Cuba, Haiti and Jamaica (maybe the Bahamas).
- Another association with many of the Caribbean isles are slaves imported from Africa, pirates and strong reminders of still quite recent colonial times.
- Cubans are often depicted as heavy smokers of Havana cigars and opponents/supporters of Fidel Castro. Within Spanish-speaking countries there's the stereotype that Cubans end all their phrases with the word "Chico", and generally mangle Spanish grammar and/or pronunciation. There is a saying that "the Spanish language was born in Castille and died in Cuba". Cuban doctors and hospitals are also internationally renowned as being of extraordinary excellent quality. Since Castro took over, though, all cars there are old-timers.
- Cubans are often lampooned for their self-given impression that they are more closely related to the Spaniards than the rest of Latin America and don't like to be reminded that there are Tainos and Blacks in their country.
- In South America, there was the impression during the Castro Regime and before the large diaspora of Cubans that the population had an incredibly high level of education and general well being; that is, before the USSR, their biggest economic backers, came down. The exportees had a very pretty side of the story; the refugees, on the other hand, have a not quite so pretty version.
- On the other hand, expatriates from other countries in the USA tend to see Cubans as extremely loud and entitled freeloaders. It doesn't help that they get green cards faster than any other nationality in an apparent American move to spite Castro.
- The Cuban community in Florida has a reputation for being composed of fervent anti-communists who hate Castro and vote Republican.
- Haitians, aside from the voodoo things, are seen as pity seekers in search of constant support and help. Even though they are considered to be French speakers, there is a great amount of the population that does not speak an ounce of French; it does not help that most of the contact they have with the world is with the Americas, which are largely English, Spanish and Portuguese speakers, having a language barrier by default. In the USA, Haitians are known to be dutiful, yet extremely conflictive workers who pull the Race Card more often than not.
- Jamaicans are caricatured as marijuana-smoking black Rastafaris with dreadlocks, listening to reggae. They all speak in the local dialect ("patois") with a deep voice. People often think that marijuana is legal in Jamaica, while in reality it is not. Although it is not, its use is so widespread that it is rarely prosecuted unless the person using it is high profile.
- Bob Marley and/or Harry Belafonte will always be on the soundtrack.
- Don't try to start an argument between a Jamaican and a Colombian about who has the best coffee. It doesn't end well.
- Trinidadian people are often confused with those of other Caribbean countries, when it is a much richer and more modern country.
- Trinis also see Jamaicans as poor, western tourists as patronising (redirecting them to Tobago), and also see Tobagans as rural and backward. Conversely Tobagans see Trinis as stuck up.
- The Guyanese are almost never mentioned. If Guyana is mentioned, people will often mistakenly assume it's Latin American just because it's on the Caribbean coast of South America. In fact, Guyana is the sole English-speaking country in South America, and its border with the Caribbean coast and shared culture with other former British colonies in the Caribbean Sea results in the nation having a Caribbean-based culture. Since the Jonestown Massacre in 1978 it's synonymous with religious cults and mass suicides.
- Latin America as a whole is generally associated with short-term dictatorships, guerilleros, drug-trafficking, executions by fire squad, death squads, soccer players, head-hunting native tribes, the unpenetrable rain forest and sexy and catchy dances.
- Mexicans are often depicted wearing sombreros and long black moustaches. If they are active they will be playing serenades under balconies, playing guitar or performing the Mexican hat dance or "La Cucaracha". They eat foods comprised of beans and hardened corn and peppers too spicy for foreigners to handle and drink tequila. But most of the time Mexicans are depicted as if they are lazy and prefer taking a siesta in hammocks or against a wall. And if they're in America, they're The Illegal. If they're male, there's a chance that they'll be Ben Davis-wearing gang members with huge tattoos. They will refer to you as either Señor, Amigo or Gringo. See also Zorro, Frito Bandito, Speedy Gonzales, Bumblebee Man in The Simpsons and many, many westerns.
- Especially in American media, Mexicans will always be depicted as mestizo, even in some of the more northern areas of Mexico where whites are just as common.
- Mexican characters are common in (beat 'em up) video-games and are prevalently depicted as masked luchadors in all of the main series, likely because Lucha Libre is the nation's most iconic national sport. Examples come in two distinct flavours: There's the stacked, heroic, mysteriously faceless, Friend to All Children type, which includes King from the Tekken series and the Aztec inspired, eagle-masked Tizoc from Fatal Fury - both fight to help fund and support local orphanages. The other type is far closer to real life and almost the exact opposite, being depicted as very short in stature, loud, gobby and Hot-Blooded, with examples including El Fuerte from Street Fighter (who's voiced like a pitched-down Speedy Gonzales), El Stingray from Saturday Night Slam Masters and El Blaze from Virtua Fighter. Angel, from The King of Fighters (whose favourite foods are "tequila and raw cactus slices", according to her offical bio), represents a female Mexican luchadora, albeit without the usual mask.
- Non-Mexican Latin Americans go through similar stereotypes as Mexicans do (Brazilians included), but get none of the individual recognition. If they come from Central America or some of the Andean countries, they're likely to be The Illegal, usually working as maids or in construction. If they're Colombian, they'll be drug dealers. If they're from the Caribbean, they're boisterous and they all know how to dance really well. They will all have comparatively dark skin, hair and eyes, usually being markedly mestizo or of indigenous origin, even if they come from countries with a white majority like Argentina or Chile.
- See also: the Latin Lover and the Spicy Latina.
- Native South Americans are always Amazonian Indians. Like all tribal societies in Western popular culture they are usually depicted as being dumb and primitive. A popular image of these "Amazon Indians" shows them using blowguns with poisoned arrows or making shrunken heads out of their victims.
- If you're not from either Rio, São Paulo or Brasilia, you're from the jungle, and are likely a poison-dart using headhunter.
- Ancient Maya, Aztec, Olmec or Inca civilizations, lost in the jungle are also a popular trope. Usually all kinds of Raiders of the Lost Ark booby-traps prevent explorers from finding these long lost treasures.
- Expect the following jungle animals to make a cameo appearance: jaguars and black panthers leaping from trees, strangling anacondas and boa constrictors, flesh eating piranhas ripping everyone who falls into the river into shreds, spiders the size of dinner plates, huge bloodsucking bats, ... Some less threatening animals like anteaters, chinchillas, armadillos, gibbons, sloths, humming birds, ... might also pop up.
- Brazilians : Urban residents are either poor people living in slums who aren't bothered by the violent ways used by whatever criminal faction to keep the "order", or smug Latinos always seeking ways to earn money by conning someone. Regardless, all of those fear the police, which more often than not is corrupt to the bone. They're also known as a bunch of wisecracking fast-talking always-cheerful guys. Every single Brazilian loves soccer and samba more than anything else.
- Whenever characters visit Brazil it will always be in Rio de Janeiro. Expect the favelas, the Christ the Redeemer Statue and Copacabana Beach to make a cameo. And oh yeah, regardless of what time of the year it is: it will always be carnival there!!
- Women all have perfect bodies with really nice hips/butts, no body hair, and go around scantily clad all the time.
- In (beat 'em up) videogames, Brazilian characters are prevalent, and generally come in one of two flavours. Firstly, there is the Ambiguously Brown, exuberant, grinning Dance Battler type, a depiction no-doubt deriving from the native Capoeira martial art. Examples include Ricardo Maia (owner of the Pao Pao cafe, no less) and Bob Wilson from Fatal Fury and also Tekken's Eddy Gordo and his unbelievably fanservicey student Christie Monteiro, who evokes the classic Brazilian carnival queen. The other type is the jungle-dwelling, Beast Man from the Amazon, most famously realized with Blanka, the first Brazilian character from the Street Fighter series (who's actually quite well-loved in his native land), as well as Tam Tam & Cham Cham from Samurai Shodown and Rikuo from Darkstalkers, who's a straight-up Creature from the Black Lagoon shout-out.
- In (free) games played online, especially multiplayer shooters, Brazilians are considered notorious for a range of usually negative traits (a range of cheating techniques, farming, lack of skill and/or being a threat to their team, etc. Beyond the stereotypes, there are multiple reasons for their large presence in such games, including prohibitive import taxes on console games and regulations getting in the way of setting up a unique version of the game for them (as is done often in the industry, usually between Europe, Asia, and the Americas.)
- Outside of South America, Brazilians are known to look down on other continental expatriates (somewhat in par with Argentinians).
- Argentines are generally regarded as a more or less fortunate mix of Italian, Spanish and Latin American, since a sixty percent of its population is of Italian ancestry, and an even more indeterminate percent is of Spanish ancestry. As such, a lot of Italian tropes are applicable: lots of Italian food (ravioli, gnocchi, fettucini, pizza and wine), emphasis in activities with the family like meals and other social events, machismo, lots of hand-waving while speaking, bravado, mafia, corruption, crazy driving and unending arguments about even the smallest issue; while on the other hand, a lot of Spanish tropes are also applicable, like the heavy (Roman Catholic) religious faith* , worshipping and lighting candles for lots of saints and virgins, the siesta, naming one's babies after their grandparents, lots of profanity, parties and other festivities in the community for whatever reason (Fiesta nacional de la vendimia* , Fiesta de las ballenas* , Fiesta de la nieve* , Fiesta del chorizo* , and so on), and a fair share of Spanish food (empanadas, guisos, tortillas, buñuelos and wine). It is also the "whitest" country in Latin America along with Uruguay, for the same reasons, something that makes it somewhat less exotic for North Americans and Europeans, who feel more at home; this is also played by the Argentine Bureau of Tourism, which made Buenos Aires the most visited city in Latin America, with heavy contribution of North American and European visitors.
- The Argentine accent is very distinctive and different from the rest of Latin America, drawing heavy comparisons with Italian accents like the Neapolitan and Sicilian. On one hand this is Played for Laughs some times, while on the other hand, in works made in other Latin American countries or Spain where there is an Argentine Love Interest, the accent is played as part of the character's charm.
- The Argentine pronunciation and grammar notations are also very distinctive, with the use of "vos" instead of "tú"* , the pronunciation of "y" and "ll" as "sh" (which is closer to the pronunciation of Spain's Andalucía region) and the distinctive conjugation and intonation patterns* .
- The Argentine interjections and modisms, like the use of "che"* which is used like "hey" or the Canada, Eh?. Also Argentines use the word boludo ("asshole") to satiety, with teenagers and young people using it every 2 words* .
- In Latin America, Argentines are usually considered arrogant, self-centered, pessimistic, sarcastic sassy know-it-alls who talk way too much and think themselves of some kind of European exiles somehow stranded in Latin America, to the ridiculous extent they sometimes apply the term "latinos" (Latin) to people from everywhere in Latin America but Argentina and their culturaly closest relatives, Uruguay. This mostly have racial foundations, as Argentina received heavy European immigration waves like the United States and so its population is way whiter than say, Mexico or Peru.
- A common stereotype is the Argentine tourist who travels to other Latin American countries in holidays and looks down on that country's people and boasts of Argentine's football, culture, purchasing power, development, etc.
- In Latin America and Spain, Argentines are smart, cunning and treacherous people that know lots of ways to make profit taking advantage of their victims, or know better when someone tries to trick them.
- The most popular Argentine card game, Truco* is the art of the deceiving, the lie and the redoubling of bets.
- In Latin American countries and Spain, Argentine women are known to be beautiful and smoking-hot, a trait made popular by Argentine models and actresses like Valeria Mazza and Pampita Ardoahín. Argentine men are also good looking and passionate, with their distinctive accent, again thanks to men like Ricardo Darín and Facundo Arana. Both Argentine women and men are known to be rather cultured, well cultivated lovers.
- Spicy women and brawling machos with moustaches dance the tango in some ill-lit bar, a legacy of the Golden Age of tango. Argentine women will always be supermodels, while men will be seductive yet melancholic cynics.
- In the countryside, all men are brave gauchos, generally noble, proud and stoic, who can even sew silk on horseback and tend to answer to the smallest provocation with a knife. The only dish available is red meat, in absurd quantities. Also the gauchos drink lots of wine 'til they get drunk, and drink the mate beverage too, which brings the next topic...
- In Argentina everybody drinks mate, be it sweet, bitter, cold and with lemon, etc. and they gather in a round and go sharing the same vase with mate with everyone in the round.
- Everybody knows how to play guitar and excels at football. Also, they are well-read.
- Argentine football players are exceptional, like Diego Maradona or Lionel Messi, and have installed their very own character traits, like the arrogant with a Maradonian penchant to talk about himself in third person, or the coward that fails to live up to his name in crucial matches.
- And Argentine coachs are a whole world in itself, with their motivational phrases, quotes, rants, Hair-Trigger Temper, BerserkButtons, and strategies (the two most famous Argentine football philosophers, the Eye Candy pleasing Menotti that won the 1978 World Cup, and The Strategist Bilardo that won the 1986 World Cup).
- We didn't get into Argentine football supporters, or hinchas as they are called, note that while every country has their supporters, here they go as far as to sing songs (and I mean, entire songs, not just verses) in the stadiums with their lyrics changed and made into football chants, complete with drums and trumpets. And every year a new load of songs is created by the hinchas as the matches roll.
- The reputation of the creativity of the Argentine hinchas is so big, that the other Latin American countries started copying the style of chanting songs in the stadiums, even if the songs were from bands that were unknown in those countries, this was funny when some Argentine bands like Los Auténticos Decadentes* would tour in Latin American countries and at first they wouldn't be recognized by the locals but as soon as they started playing they would be quickly identified as the original creators of those songs.
- In a bizarre twist of events the Argentine songs traveled all the way through the Pacific Ocean and not even Japanese football fans resisted the urge to make the Argentine songs their own, and so you have extremely bizarre moments like Japanese people singing a song from la Mona Jiménez, a popular singer from the tropical genre called cuarteto.
- There is an entire philosophy about supporting one's favorite football club, of which even books and sociological studies have been written. This philosophy about showing pride and allegiance of your club, attending the matches every Sunday and keep chanting even if your team is losing by 3-0 is one of the most distinctive Argentine cultural features. Even the supporters of a small club from the lower leagues will sing and cheer the entire match, something that puts to shame even some of the biggest clubs in the world, and even entire countries and the supporters of their national teams.
- And when all those hinchas from so many different clubs unite together for the Argentine national football team... there's precisely a proverb that says "Hinchada hay una sola: hinchada de Argentina, las demás no tienen bola".*
- In the world of music and specially rock and metal, Argentines are getting increasing fame for their characeristic trait of singing like if they were in a football match, putting a show on every gig an international band comes to play and warmly receiving the touring band like they were idols. Megadeth went to say that they would always come to play as this was the most marvelous group of fans, AC/DC would record a DVD in the River Plate stadium, and Ramones were chased around in the streets of Buenos Aires like in a Beatlemania.
- This is an interesting case in terms of music, Argentines can be stereotyped as fanatical with lots of music genres, lots of subcultures, some of which are an Argentine invention that was born of local fanaticisms, among them there are:
- Rolingas, a subculture enterily devoted to The Rolling Stones with a musical genre, haircuts, and fashion, all reminiscent of their satanic majesties.
- Cumbieros: these are the most poverty-ladden, living in shanty towns called villas miseria, think of gangsta rappers except they aren't black and listen to cumbia villera, which is like cumbia music but gangsta.
- Floggers: this is a Discredited Trope now, as their fashion has faded out, they used to listen to electronic music and frequent the Fotolog.com website, they were gone as soon as Facebook rose in importance.
- Punks... this is the country where the Ramones came to play 6 years in a row to full football stadiums and that was originally chosen to be the place for their last show.
- Metaleros (metalheads), not surprisingly Argentines are not only fond of thrashier bands like Megadeth, but they also are fond of Power Metal bands, case in point: the Argentine band Rata Blanca* had an album with a gold record, played in full football stadiums, became the greatest metal band in Latin America along with Sepultura (but singing in their language instead of in English) and, as the icing in the cake, to this day have their songs aired in mainstream radios!
- Otakus: like the rest of the Latin American countries, Argentina had a different history in the rise of anime than the United States, due to the airing of some series that the United States either didn't receive (Saint Seiya, Captain Tsubasa), or received many years later and heavily Bowdlerised (Dragon Ball, Case Closed), or the use of a dub that completely forgone the American and instead was translated directly from the Japanese without intermediaries (Dragon Ball Z, Sailor Moon). In Argentina specially, the defunct TV channel Magic Kids, of local origin, is fondly remembered and is iconic of the rise of anime in the '90s, and it wasn't until the arrival of Cartoon Network, Fox Kids AND Nickelodeon that its throne was taken.
- World of Ham: the aforementioned passion for football, music, the over-the-top noise, hot-blooded nature, distinctive vocabulary, pride in accomplishments, valuing their own heritage, huge fanaticism, lots of Cluster F-Bomb, and many more Argentine distinctive traits.
- Up there in terms of ham with the Italians and the Spanish... guess what are the two most common descents among the Argentines...
- Argentina is also full of ex-Nazis who fled to there after World War II. Their secret identities are, of course, protected by local sympathizers and fascist dictators.
- Argentina is a never-ending Wretched Hive of corrupt politicians, economic crisis, extreme inflation, always streets blocked by piqueteros protesting, and trade union militants (most notably those of the truck drivers and metallurgical unions) used by politicians for their dirty work.
- Argentina is a helpless victim of the corrupt Peronism that rotted the infrastructure, and the inept Radicalism that failed to manage the successive crisis.
- Chile: A World of Snark. The people are also paler than the standard Latin-American (if not almost on par with Argentina), snobbish, passive-aggressive, whiny, quite Holier Than Thou and incredibly classist. Their speech patterns also tend to be mocked (even by other Chilean people) since they talk ridiculously fast and pepper their conversations with all the "F bombs" they can put in. In regards to their neighbors, Chileans are either very Tsundere or totally in hate with them. (Specially polemic in the case of Peruvians and Bolivians, a bit of a Discredited Trope with Argentines as they tend to be more of Vitriolic Best Buds now... though some Chileans may team-up with Brazilians to make fun of them.)
- Colombia is a druglord haven full of corrupt politicians, leftist guerrillas, and right-wing death squads, where everybody is last named Restrepo and half the men are named John Jairo or some such name combination. Colombian expats in Venezuelan works tend to be depicted as people with Hair-Trigger Temper and a love for Vallenato with the volume amped to max. Thanks to its soap exporting, Colombian Bogotanians have earned the stereotype of being simultaneously polite and smug. Also, there's the perception that Colombians are undeservedly happy and cheery, when they should be as miserable as everybody else, or at least as miserable as they are shown on TV. Noted also for their quickness in pointing every little thing everyone makes and make fun of it relentlessly.
- Inside Colombia itself, there's an impressive amount of stereotypes for each different province, with Colombians themselves being practically the only ones that can keep track of all of them.
- Paraguay: Everyone is either from Asunción or from the jungle. They do nothing but smuggle goods and steal cars from neighboring countries; also, thanks to Jose Luis Chilavert, they were considered to have Hair-Trigger Temper.
- Also, everyone is bilingual in Spanish and Guarani, and will often speak in the latter language to confuse and troll foreigners.
- Perú as seen by foreigners: Andinean Indigenous people talking in a tiny, almost helium-infused voice, wandering in the Macchu Picchu. Also, ceviche roasted guinea pig and llamas and alpacas in every frame! Also, according to them the "only" city in the country is Lima, everything else is Andes (What about Tacna, Trujillo, Arequipa, Huancayo, etc. ... or yanno, Cuzco?)
- Uruguay tends to be considered just a very small and quiet Argentina, Luxembourg style. They are not thrilled with this. However, they are generally exempt from the negative Argentinean stereotyping, considered polite, open minded, friendly... and really obsessed with mate.
- Venezuela is known for its former president Hugo Chavez and his "Chavistas". Also known for its nationalized oil industry, for having a whole industry dedicated to winning the Miss Universe pageant, and for looooong and melodramaaaaatic Soap Operas.
Middle East and North Africa
- The oldest traditional stereotypes associated with the Arabic countries are derived from 8th to 18th century history and feature sultans, caliphs, grand viziers, shahs and sheiks dressed in turbans and long robes, typical of these centuries. Most common are images borrowed from Arabian Nights, including flying carpets, dreamy palaces, story telling princesses, waterpipes, harems full of sexy belly dancing women, eunuch guards, thieving gangs with daggers and/or scimitars , people hiding inside giant jars, caves full of treasure, the giant bird Roc, people climbing on an erect rope and djinns fulfilling wishes.
- And the following desert clichés: sandstorms, whirl winds, fata morganas, scorpions, rattle snakes, camels, dromedaries, quicksand, starving vultures, an oasis, unexpected oil sources, treasures hidden beneath the sand, a Bedouin Rescue Service happening to pass by when the protagonists have already fainted because of hyperthermia,...
- Contrary to what popular culture wants you to believe it's not always sunny in the Middle East: reports of rain and even snow are not uncommon.
- A typical image is the fanatical bearded Arab who shouts gibberish with many “ch”-sounds (ironically, there is no "ch" sound in Arabic) and heavy emphasis on the letter "r", drawing out a dagger or sabre and ululating before he attacks. He rides a camel or sits in a tent smoking a water pipe. And oh yes, according to a lot of popular culture, Arabs will praise or mention Allah in almost every sentence they speak.
- Since the 1970s and especially since 9/11 (2001), people from Middle Eastern countries are often stereotyped as being fanatical Muslims still stuck in religious traditions. They will be slaughtering sheep in the kitchen, making way too many children, beat and treat their women like shit and fucking goats or camels on occasion. Whenever confronted with signs of "Western decadence" they will condemn it openly. Whenever someone has a different opinion they will start haggling, shouting and making a lot of noise just because they can't stand losing an argument. Specific berserk buttons are infidels, Jews, loosily clad women, Westerners (especially Americans) and blasphemous remarks. They'll get easily agitated and call out for jihads, suicide attacks, plane hijackings, bomb attacks and/or a Middle Eastern Coalition. When they party they ululate, yell "Allah Akbar" ("Allah is great") and or shoot in the air.
- Another stereotype is that all Arab men shout, yell and demand respect while not showing any respect to others.
- Arabic immigrants are a frequent target in racist Western propaganda and if you have to believe these far right ideas moderate, calm or peaceful Arabs are seemingly non-existant.
- The Middle East also seems to be a breeding ground for founders of religions: Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, Islam, ... Yet, to most people it seems to be just a region consisting of nothing but Muslims.
- Women dress in tent-like burkas (which are Pakistani in origin, not from Afghanistan and certainly not Arab), bellydance or carry vases on their heads.
- Just like Indian or Pakistani people, Arabic people are frequently depicted as being shopkeepers or supermarket managers. In certain parts of the United States, Arabic-speakers are specifically stereotyped as owners of gas stations, with the ethnicity varying based on location. In Michigan, they tend to be Lebanese or Iraqi; in New Jersey, they tend to be Egyptian Copts.
- A more positive image is the rich Arab Oil Sheikh who wears sunglasses and a turban (often mocked by Western comedians as being a towel or a diaper). In the Arabic countries themselves people from the Gulf States are typically portrayed as being filthy-rich lecherous drunks and drug addicts, who hide behind religion to justify their sinning. The guy from Saudi Arabia or the UAE or Kuwait who goes to Egypt or Morocco to marry another woman on the sly is practically a trope in itself.
- The Middle East was also already civilized centuries before Europe became so. In Ancient Mesopotamia, Assyria, Persia, Babylon and Phoenicia there were already cities, art, trade and a justice system while Europeans were still nomads. During the Middle Ages Arabs made many important discoveries in the field of math, astronomy and medicine. So the Western idea of the "primitive" Middle East really shows people's ignorance.
- In (beat 'em up) videogames, for whatever reason, there are a number of ambiguously Middle Eastern characters. That is, their design evokes the look of the region, and a few cultural clues may be mentioned, but mention of actual nationality is outright avoided. Examples include Zafina, from Tekken, who's background and cut-scenes hint at an Egyptian origin, but who has "unknown" listed against birthplace on her official bio. Word of God states that she is of "Middle Eastern" origin, but no more information has been provided. Algol from the Soul Series is another example - his name is clearly Arabic (literally "the ghoul"), as well as his move-list, and his story is an homage to the Sumerian (modern day Iraq) Gilgamesh epic, but his origin is never confirmed outright. Zasalamel, also from the Soul Series, is similarly ambiguous, with a look that references Egypt (his ibis-head scythe especially) and a movelist named after several Babylonian gods. The incongruently name Sinclair from Art of Fighting has an unmistakably Arabic look, complete with harem-pants, head scarf and a scimitar, although her country of origin remains unknown. Why the country of origin of these "Middle Eastern" characters remains unknown isn't clear, but it could be to avoid Unfortunate Implications in a sensitive global region, or simply to enhance the mystery of certain characters.
- Pullum Purna of the Street Fighter series, who hails from Saudi Arabia, is one of the few Middle Eastern characters with an actual nationality, and of course they gave her a stereotypical background (belly dancers and Oil Sheikhs and all of that)...
- If people remember that North Africa exists they will usually assume the entire area is one big empty desert.
- All Middle Eastern countries are of course Qurac cities, ruled by sheikhs, sultans, shahs, califs, vizirs or evil wizards. The names of the fictional countries in this region all end in "-stan". Even though all of the real countries with such names are in Central and South Asia. (Stan is an Urdu word, Urdu being an Indo-Aryan language from Pakistan.) It may be mentioned that this Qurac's place is "between Persia and Iran". All Arabs are named Ali, Muhammed, Mustapha, Ghassim, Jafar, Akbar, Abu, Ottoman, Hakim, Amin, Hussain, Ahmed, Achmed, Tariq or Murad. Females will be named Aïcha, Farah, Naima, Yasmine or Fatima.
- Arabs have their own set of stereotypes about one another:
- Bedouins have two stereotypes, one old, one new:
- The old stereotype is of the Bedouins as noble desert nomads, living in tents and tending their goats/sheep/other livestock, proud and tough but honorable, and willing to help travelers who come their way and show them some kindness. They are also seen as the reserve of the ancient Arab culture; particular emphasis is given to the supposed closeness of their speech to the speech of the time of the Prophet Muhammad.
- The new stereotype is of the Bedouins as marginal, uncivilized merchants in guns and drugs (particularly hashish and other forms of cannabis), who are all-too-fond of using their products (both kinds). They are sometimes also seen as traitors for working with Israel in one way or another (most often, dealing in Israeli weed).
- The people of the Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya) tend to be lumped together by Eastern Arabs, which is kind of a shame. They are universally stereotyped as The Unintelligible, as their dialect is very hard to understand (foreigners should think of Russian with even more difficult consonants).note They also get a fair amount of "Berber" stereotype mixed in, which is similar to that of Bedouin, only not Arab.
- War, war, and more war. Everyone is either a terrorist, a victim of terrorism, a victim of a foreign army, or an oppressed woman. The Taliban's draconian rules will have been in place for untold centuries, never mind that the Taliban have only existed since the 1990s. Every great empire in history feels the need to invade, only to get burned by Afghanistan's sheer unconquerableness. Invading armies range from Alexander's Greeks, to Mongols, to Victorian Brits, to Russian commies, to the present-day NATO forces.
- If Egypt is shown in fiction, usually references are made to Ancient Egypt. Pyramids, mummies, sphinxes, ancient tombs, hieroglyphs, and characters "walking like an Egyptian".
- Characters will usually discover an ancient yet undiscovered tomb built in honor of some farao. The entire treasure will be present, but when they try to leave they are threatened by the "curse of the mummy". Either a mummy rises from its grave or they all fall ill or die in mysterious circumstances.
- The Nile and the Suez Canal might get referenced too.
- In Arabic countries themsleves Egyptians are seen as laid-back. They are always cracking very lowbrow, overstated jokes about everything; Pungeon Master also comes into play, as does Boisterous Bruiser (without the alcohol, most of the time). They are often considered Book Dumb, but also quick-witted when it comes to solving practical problems. Nevertheless proud—if sometimes vaguely—of Egypt's ancient heritage, as evidenced by the phrase Masr omm ad-dunya ("Egypt [is] the mother of the world"); this has occasionally given others in the Arab world indigestion. Historically also seen as kind of submissive; this was proven wrong in the most epic way imaginable.
- Egyptian women have a reputation as Belly Dancers; Egyptians kind of brought this one on themselves, as Egyptian movies (the most popular ones in the Arab world) always have one.
- Back when the country was named Persia it was known for the Shah, Persian cats and Persian carpets.
- Iranians are seen by the West as religious fanatics. Ayatollah Khomeini did a lot to create this image. Another stereotype is that Iranians are terrorists who want to do nothing more then blow up America.
- Iranians are commonly mistaken for Arabs and receive the same treatment. When someone does bother to note the difference, Persians (the men, anyway) will be stereotyped similarly to the so-called Guidos. Think tacky "club" outfits with lots of gold chains, hair gel, cheap cologne, over-priced designer sunglasses, etc. South Park did a version of this in their 300 spoof. The track-suit "jock" variant of Guidos isn't usually associated with Persians quite as often, however. There's also the "over-zealous Shi'a Muslim guy in the street, whipping himself until he draws blood (although it's actually illegal in Iran)" stereotype, but that tends to overlap with Arab stereotypes.
- Iran's western neighbors—particularly the Arabs—regard them as stuck-up know-it-alls who aren't willing to give credit where credit is due. The Iranians, for their part, tend to regard the Arabs and the Turkic peoples as somewhat barbaric fools, who were still nomadic nobodies at the time that Persia ruled everywhere.
- Many stereotypes about Persia/Iran originated in Ancient Greece and proved to be remarkably enduring, being the Trope Maker or Trope Codifier for Orientalism in general.
- Back when the country was still called Babylon it was mostly known for its Hanging Gardens, one of the Seven World Wonders. Iraqis still feel proud about their ancient history (Iraq being Mesopotamia, i.e. the oldest civilization in the world).
- Since 1990 the West knows Iraq primarily for the Gulf Wars and Saddam Hussein.
- Within the Arabic countries themselves the Iraqis are seen as the poor buggers. Naturally, seen as badass, and a bit tribal, but that's about all that can be said about them. Their dialect is noted for being difficult to understand, but also very cool, or at least intimidating (kind of like a Scottish accent in English).
- Most clichés about the country are derived from The Bible or the long-running Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Even though Israel has a large Christian and Muslim community the Jewish community is always remembered foremostly.
- All Israelis are Jewish in ethnicity and religion.
- All Jews Are Ashkenazi, All Jews Are Cheapskates... just see all the tropes listed at A Nice Jewish Index.
- Israelis are are seen as a Proud Warrior Race who know five different ways to kill you before you can take a breath. See Badass Israeli and Israelis with Infrared Missiles
- Israeli men are either young and athletic, or old men with long beards.
- Israeli women are all deadly beautiful, bisexual, violent, Action Girl. At least until they get married, at which point they mysteriously transform into a haggish Jewish Mother.
- Israelis themselves have some stereotypes of Israelis, namely that they are honest—even blunt—to the point of rudeness, loudmouthed, are overly opinionated (to the point where they say "two Israelis, three opinions"), and are quick to argue about anything.
- Palestinians are all Muslims who wear Yasser Arafat scarfs.
- Within the Arabic countries themselves the Palestinians are seen...well..again as poor buggers. Also known as being crazy-tough and very proud.note Also noted for being crazy-smart; Palestinians who were expelled from their land but managed to get out of the country tended to take advantage of educational opportunities to get ahead, leading to a disproportionate number of Palestinian doctors and teachers in much of the Arab world. The similarity to the Jews—who similarly scattered (under duress if not direct threat of force) out of more or less the same territory and took up education as a means to counteract the effects of discrimination in the lands in which they found themselves—has not been lost on Palestinians, who have a particularly strong appreciation for irony.
- Regarding the Arab-Israeli Conflict:
- Team Israel's view: Israel is a plucky little freedom-loving democracy constantly under threat from evil Palestinian terrorists who love throwing rocks and bombs around. If not being threatened from within the country will have to strike back against non-freedom-loving dictatorships ten times its size.
- Team Palestine's view: Israel is a Nazi apartheid state where evil, racist imperialists mow down innocent Palestinians who were actually living in this country centuries before the Jewish population got their own state.
- Within the Arabic countries themselves they are seen as being tough and resilient, loving life despite the crappy hand they've been dealt. Known as the leaders in the Arab world for good old-fashioned drunken debauchery (without the taint of hypocrisy that goes with Gulf revelers—Lebanon is 1/3-1/2 Christian and many self-identified Muslims are pretty much secular); despite this, also known for Hezbollah, (yes, Beirut is a conflicted city)—whose members are reputed for also being able to have a good time without alcohol (although, as is common in the Arab world, that doesn't include hashish...). Also noted as shrewd traders and businessmen, with contacts everywhere (quite true; there are four times as many Lebanese outside Lebanon than in it). Lebanese women, according to stereotype, are good-looking, uncovered, and kind of loose.
- Morocco, with its deserts and bazaars, is used as a template for "Middle Eastern" settings, and almost any Arab country (or generically "Middle Eastern" country) depicted in a live-action movie will almost always be filmed in Morocco. It has a big enough desert to build sets in (far enough away from major cities), while being secular enough that nobody will come and arrest you for having alcohol and girls in Ms. Fanservice outfits. This is even referenced in films like Casablanca and Naked Lunch, where Morocco is depicted as a place where you can enjoy the excitement of participating in illegal activities.
- Within the Arabic countries themselves they are seen as the more serious cousins of the Lebanese, sharing the same quasi-Camp accent that belies their inherent Badassery, but without the fondness for just having a good time. They are also known for being intensely proud. Syrian women, according to stereotype, are even better-looking than the Lebanese, but more conservative.
- The reputation of the Turks is kind of history-dependent.
- They have been seen as very proud, although for different reasons than the Iranians. For much the same reason, they are hated by all their neighbors, except for Azerbaijan.
- All Turks wear fezzes. (In reality, fezzes haven't been worn in the country since the 1920s after Ataturk banned them.)
- Another common stereotype is the Turks having a supreme, genocidal hatred for Armenians, Greeks, and Kurds.
- Since a "soft-Islamist" government took power in Turkey, the image in the Middle East has been influenced by their primary cultural export: Soap Operas featuring rich settings, convoluted family-related melodrama (just like they like it!), and fanservice and Mr. Fanservice beyond imagining (the star of Gümüsh, Kivanc Tatliug is so hot several women in the Arab world were Driven to Suicide when they heard he was getting married). Turkey has since become a soft-power powerhouse in the Arab world.
- Turkish women tend to be depicted as bellydancers more often than not.
- And since the film "Midnight Express" (1978) Turkish prisons do not have a very good reputation...
- Turks are often depicted as worshiping Ataturk and taking mortal offense to criticism of him. Quite a bit of this is Truth in Television.
- Romanians and other Eastern Europeans tend to see Turks as shrewd merchants, food shop keepers and peddlers of all fakes imaginable in the world. But this is based strictly on Istanbul, Ankara and other few modern Europeanized cities and the migration of Turk businessmen towards Europe after The Eighties.
- Turkey has also gained a reputation for plagiarizing films and comic strips from other countries and putting them into a weird amateurish context. Though sometimes titles like "Turkish Star Wars" or "Turkish Rambo" are just slapped on the movies by Western salesmen, it cannot be denied that the similarities in plot, characters, soundtrack,... are sometimes perplexing. These movies are usually cheap, badly edited and have soundtracks that often jumpcut to another track when a scene abruptly changes. You'll also often notice instrumental music for which no copyright permission was paid. This would probably not be that notable, if it weren't for the fact that the makers often use very famous and recognizable melodies that you can immediately identify.
- A very old but very enduring stereotype of Turkey is that of a land of hedonistic pleasures: hookahs, strong coffee, Turkish delights, veiled belly-dancers...
- Turkey is also the border between Europe and Asia, which has caused ongoing discussions whether it should be considered part of Europe or not? The same argument is made about Israel. Both Turkey and Israel compete along with the Eurovision song contest, yet none of them are part of the European Union. Usually Turkey is considered to be part of the European continent, while Israel is already the Middle East.
- Australia and New Zealand claim the other country is having sex with sheep. All we know is that the sheep are sluts.
- Australia and New Zealand may appear to argue a lot but mess with one, you've got two very PO'ed countries to deal with. The ANZACs - it's Australia and New Zealand Army Corps, not one or the other.
- The other 12 Oceanic countries are rarely ever mentioned in fiction. Most people are at least aware of the existence of Papua New Guinea but know next to nothing about it.
- See Land Down Under for the primary page on stereotypes of Australia.
- Australians are always stereotyped as white, blond, six feet tall, rough, unsophisticated, wildlife experts, bushwackers and obsessive beer drinkers. They wear a khaki shirt, short pants and a large cowboy-style hat with corks hanging from it. Their most priceless possession is a boomerang and/or a large knife. If not trying to catch crocodiles they will be barbecueing, surfing or playing the didgeridoo.
- Stock expressions are "Crikey", "G'day, mate", "Pommie bastard", "That's bonzer, mate", "Crack a tinnie" and "Put another shrimp on the barbie" (despite the term prawn being used for shrimp in Australia).
- Most of these stereotypes are based on images reflected in Crocodile Dundee, Mad Max, Steve Irwin and the  sketch "G'day, Bruce", where all Australians are called Bruce.
- Australian Aborigines are stereotyped as nomadic tribesman who live off the land. They are generally portrayed as hospitable.
- Since Australia has very unique fauna: expect these animals to make a cameo appearance whenever the country is depicted. So, watch out for kangaroos, koalas, kookaburras, Tasmanian devils, emus, echidnas, dingoes, platypuses... Jokes about invasive species such as rabbits, cane toads and ostriches are also very popular.
- Australians are all convicts, or have at least inherited the worst aspects of their convict ancestors.
- An unfortunate sporting stereotype developed in recent years is of Australians as very sore losers who can dish out banter when they're on top, but can't take it when it comes back on them - from a Kiwi or British POV. In context, all three nations share a good deal of banter regarding sporting achievement, and for years Australia always shone in most events that the countries compete in together. This resulted in "pommy/kiwi-bashing", crowing and arrogant chat about the opposition's poor performance. However, as the tide has turned, with England as current holders of The Ashes and an uncharacteristically shocking performance by Aussies at the 2012 Olympics versus both rivals, rather than accepting the banter that they are now on the receiving end of, Aussies stand accused of a highly un-sporting lack of humility and much self-pity.
- Some Australia media at the 2012 Olympics decided to claim New Zealand's medals (like everything else) by lumping them together with Australia's and publishing the count as "Oceania" or "Aus Zealand".
- Don't forget, Oceania has always been at war with Eurasia.
- New Zealanders seem to think of Australians as good-hearted but lazy. Public holidays are serious buisness.
- In (beat em' up) videogames, Australians are mostly depicted as hulking bruisers, with examples including Graig Marduk from Tekken, Raiden/Big Bear from The King of Fighters (complete with Ayer's Rock/Uluru home-stage) and shark-wrestling fisherman Jeffry McWild from Virtua Fighter. Rocker zombie Lord Raptor, of Darkstalkers fame, provides a variation, and is perhaps inspired by home-grown supergroup AC/DC. Then, there's also Saxton Hale...
- Stereotypes within Australia: Northern Territorians are troppo, Tasmanians are inbred, Tasmania's not a part of Australia, Queenslanders are redneck banana-benders, South Australians are all gay, Adelaide is boring. Perth is 10 years and 3 hours behind Sydney, Sydney's the gay capital, Melbourne weather sucks, Melbourne/Sydney is the best city in Oz (depends on whether you're in Victoria or New South Wales), Adelaidians eat crows. And nobody outside of Australia is aware the capital city is Canberra. Nobody inside of Australia really cares.
- Actual Australians can take a while to realise that a character in a foreign work is meant to be Australian unless it's actually said, and still the accent is just wrong - a weird Kiwi/Pom cross.
- Expect references made to the fact that the center of the country is literally and figure of speech deserted. You can travel for miles without meeting a human being. No wonder the car crashes and chases in Mad Max were so easy to make without police interfering.
- When in Sydney, make sure that the world famous Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge are in frame.
- Thanks to "Neighbours" and "Home & Away" Australia has also a reputation for soap operas.
- When in Australia: some scenes taking place at a beach with surfers, blonde bathing suit wearing babes and sharks making a cameo appearance are not uncommon.
- And thanks to Ozploitation Australian movies are often thought to be explicitly violent action movies sent in deserted Australian backlands with lots of Gratuitous Nudity.
- New Zealanders are usually portrayed as being Maoris. Usually the Maori sticks out his tongue or makes ugly faces.
- White New Zealanders are rural farmers, rugby players, horse racers or workmen who have a gift for solving every kind of problem. Supposedly a Kiwi man can do anything with Number 8 wire.
- Characters who visit the country will always encounter New Zealand's national birds, the kiwi. The animal has become a national symbol in New Zealand and New Zealanders are often nicknamed "kiwis" as a result. This is despite the fact that many New Zealanders have never seen a kiwi, especially not in the wild—they are both very shy and very rare.
- New Zealanders are often depicted (mostly in either New Zealand or other Commonwealth nations) as obsessive world travelers and backpackers, getting absolutely anywhere armed with backpack and travel guide. This comes from the New Zealandian trend of going abroad for a year or two after finishing university. They're also champion mountain climbers/trampers (aka hikers).
- They are supposedly interested solely in the three Rs: Rugby, Racing, and beeR. Rugby and beer are still popular, but racing has declined in popularity.
- New Zealand women are depicted as being more independent and somewhat ugly (epitomized in former Prime Minister Helen Clark). New Zealand was the first nation to permanently give women the vote, and at one point all high-level government positions were filled by women.
- Very few people will recognise a New Zealander unless told; some jokes will probably be made about the bizarre-sounding (to foreigners) accent, including pronouncing short E's (as in dress) as short I's (as in kit) and short I's as schwas (the A in comma), and attempts at guessing their background will vary from British to Australian.
- Invariably, a joke will be made about the number of sheep in the country being greater than the number of people.
- Their alleged fondness for sheep tends to be the most common point of mockery.
- More recently, New Zealand has become famous through its association with the The Lord of the Rings movie, making people think of it as being one big film set.
- Due to their performance in various 20th and 21st century wars (especially WWI and Vietnam), ANZACs (Australian and New Zealand forces) are typically depicted as badass soldiers.
- Within New Zealand:
- Aucklanders see the rest of New Zealand as rural, unsophisticated, and backwards. Meanwhile, the rest of New Zealand sees Aucklanders ars brash, arrogant, latte-sipping, SUV drivers.
- Dunedin is seen as full of poor students.
- Wellington is thought to be populated by hipsters.
- Cantaburians are stereotyped as conservative - religious (at least compared to the rest of the country) and slightly racist. They take rugby seriously, even by New Zealand standards. They also earned the status of Iron Woobie after the Christchurch earthquakes.
- When Aucklanders aren't the butt of the joke, Hamiltonians fill the role as residents of a (supposedly) hopelessly boring city where nothing exciting ever happens.